Skip to main content

Full text of "American Druggist and Pharmaceutical Record"

See other formats


Google 



This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing tliis resource, we liave taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for in forming people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http: //books .google .com/I 



r 



o. 



American Druggist 



AND 



Pharmaceutical Record, 



A Semi-montlily Illustrated - - 
Journal of Practical Pharmacy. 



CASWELL A. MAYO, Ph.G., 

EDITOR. 



THOMAS J. KEENAN, Lie. Phar., 

ASSOCIATE EDITOR. 



Volume XL. 



January to July, 1902. 



NEW YORK: 
PuBusHED BY AMERICAN DRUGGIST PUBLISHING CO., 62 to 68 West Broadway. 

1902. 





INDEX TO VOLUME XL. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD 



Abroma AnffUBtlfoUom 70 
AcetanlUd dentlfrloe 223 

Acetic aciil flaclal, loss of 
■trengtb Dy evaporatloiL.lOS 

ether, Quality of 161 

"Acid alcohol/' meaning of 

term 105 

Acid benxolc, quality of 215 

cacodyllc 166 

cacodyllc, teats for purity. 165 

phosphomannltic 337 

salicylic, synthetic, prepara- 
tion of. 183 

scetodephlcum 48 

sulphuric, manufacture of, 
by new contact method.. 283 
Aconite, market quality of... 161 

Acopyrln 70 

Adeps lan» h/drosus, U. S. P. 
method of determining mois- 
ture 161 

Adrenalin 70 

Adulteration of drugs, the 104 

Advertising as an Inyestment. 18 

display, novel 188 

logical 76 

to physicians 195 

AjTurin 70 

Albargtn 70 

Alboferrin 70 

Albumin, new reagent for 104 

Alcohol tax. movement for re- 
peal of. 220 

sale of by druggists 106 

tax-free, the fl^t for 172 

test for wood In grain 161 

Allamanda Cathartfca 220 

Alloxan, some reactions of . . . .166 

Almond cream §06 

Aloes. Curacao loi 

quality of commercial 

grades 162 

Aloln. action of alkalies on. . .106 
suggested new pharmaco- 
poelal requirements for... 216 

Alphareunol 70 

Knssln I02 

American trade abroad 261 

Ammonlacum. limit of Imnarl- 

, ties ....161 

Amyi salicylate 70 

Amasmln fo 

Anderson. W. C. on 8. N. 

Jones' new contract plan. . .202 
Anise, poison. Import of Into 

China 271 

Anonaceln 70 

Anozol 70 

Antlarthrln 70 

Antleplleptlc serum 70 

Anti-fat preparations 106 

Antlsputol 70 

Antitoxin, diphtheria. Intro- 
duction of Into n. 8. 

Fharmacopcela 6 

recognition of by the U. 8. 

PharmacopoBla 84 

government manufacture of.800 

posology of 6 

preservation of. 7 

^^iVJrlne sallcylaeetate. 70 

Antitussln VerwelJ 70 

Apallagln 70 

A. Ph. A., editorial on ap- 

nroachlng meeting. 209 

Aphthenol 70 

Apparatus, gas washing 276 

seltzosene 388 

Apprenticeship, before or after 

college course 76 

Apprentice problem, the. In 

Scotland 11 

training of 96 

Army pharmacists, correspond- 
ence 20 

Arsenle-sallcyl-cannabls-plaster 

mull 70 

Arsycodlle 70 

Artemassln pills 70 

Asparagus seeds, examination 

, of 166 

Assimilation in plants, energy 
of 886 



Associations : 
Alabama, 317 ; Alumni of 
Chicago College. 158 ; 
Alumni, N. Y. C. P., 86; 
American Chemical Soci- 
ety. 15; American Blee- 
tro-Chemlcal Society, 284; 
American Medical. 341 ; 
A. Ph. A., 202 ; Baltimore 
Drug Bowlers'. 228; Cen- 
tral New York. Alumni of 
N. Y. C. Py 26; Chicago 
Wholesale Drug Bowlers'. 
228; Colorado. 343; Con- 
necticut, 343; Delaware. 
343; Drug Merchants of 
America, 166: Drug Sec^ 
tlon. Board of Trade, 65 ; 
Drug Trade Club of New 
York. 114; Brie County 
(N. Y.), 291; IlllnoU, 
816; Kansas, 818; Kings 
Countv (N. Y.), 55, 115, 
173.285: Louisiana, 318 ; 
Lynchburg (fVa.), 176 ; 
Manhattan (N. Y.). 52 
115, 173, 204, 236, 287; 
Manufacturing Perfumers', 
109; Massachusetts. 841; 
Minnesota Drug Clerks'. 
206: Missouri, 341; New- 
burgh Drunjsts', 114; 
New Haven IConn.), 261 ; 
New Jersey, 175, 816 ; 
New York Wholesale Drug 
Bowlers'. 228; O. K. f 
Wholesale Druggists' Bx- 
change. 821; Oklahoma, 
318 ; PhUadelphIa Drug 
Bowlers', 228 ; Proprie- 
tary Association of Amer- 
ica, 258; Retail Druggists' 
Association of AnneArun- 
del County IMd.), 202; 
Society of Crnemfeal In- 
dustry, 111; South Caro- 
lina,, 818 : Southern 
Wholesale Druggists'. 
178; Southern Wholesale 
Druggists', 817 ; T^xas. 
818 ; Troy Pharmaceuti- 
cal, 87; Wholesale Drug- 
fists' of the South Atlan- 
ic States, 817. 

Asthma powder 246 

Atarsvle 108 

Atomic weights 144 

Australasia, a market for 
American goods 264 

Balldon. H. B., literary at- 
tainments of ....222 

Ballard. J. W.. portrait 881 

price paper on good buying. 881 

Balsam copaiba, resins of 10 

Peru, note on purity test.. 216 
tolu. unsatlsfactoriness of 

purity test 216 

Basket dyes 106 

Bee-keeping 137 

Belgium, drug business and 

trade outlook in 809 

Belladonna, alkaloldal require- 
ments of 216 

Benslne. sale of prohibited in 

New York drug stores 289 

Benzoin, note on quality of 

commercial 216 

Berberlne. estimation of 104 

Isomerism with canadlne. . .102 

Bermuda drug store, a 114 

Bieser, C. L., portrait sketch . . 81 

Bile reaction, Bhrlich's 189 

Biliary calculi, composition 

of 187 

Bins, storage, for bottles. ... 8 

Blsmutol 70 

Blsmutose 70 

Black water fever, use of cas- 
sia beareana In 108 

Blood, distinguishing tests 
for 42 



Board of Pharmacy (N. Y.) 
election muddle.. 284, 814, 345 

examination questions 388 

BoABDS OF Phabmact: 
Connecticut, 178 ; Kentucky, 
^262 ; Massachusetts. 233 ; 
Michigan, 180; Missouri, 
262; New Jersey, 291; 
New York. 17, 207, 257, 
291, 814. 319; Pennsyl- 
vania. 115, 321; South 
Carolina, 206 ; Tennes- 
see, 266. 

Bollformln 70 

Bookkeeping system \247 

Book RaviBws: 

Anallsa Chlmlca Qualltatlve- 

dl Sostanze minerali ed 

Organlche e Blcerce Tos- 

slcologiche. By P. E. 

Alessandrl 280 

Arbeits methoden fur Or- 
ganlsch-Chemlsche Labo- 
ratorlen. By Lassar- 

Cohn 281 

Bogus Hollow. By B. F. 

Franklin 78 

Die Rohstoff des Pflansen- 
relch's. By Julius Wies- 

ner 280 

Drug Club Book 319 

Blementary Manual of Study 

for Young Druggists .... 106 
Formulary of New Reme- 
dies. By H. Bocqulllon- 

Llmousln 140 

Hager's Pharmaceutlsch- 
Technlsches Manuale. By 
Wllhelm Arnold and WUly 

Wobbe 281 

Laboratory Guide to the 
Study of QnaltlUtlve 
Analysis. By Bailey and 

„Cady 169 

Manuale del Chlmlco B del 
Industrials. By Lulgl 

Oabba 280 

Pharmaceutlsche Kalender.. 79 
Proceedings of the Blghth 
Annual Meeting of the 
Manufacturing Perfumers* 

Association 288 

Rlcettarlo Industrials. By 

L. Ghersl 249 

Soda Water Formulas. By 

E. G. Bberle 880 

Study In Pharmacy, A. By 

John Uri Lloyd 249 

Treatise on Pharmacy. By 

Charles Caspari, jr 2 

Vorlesungen uber Bakterlen. 

By A. i>e Banr 168 

Vorschrlftenbuch fur dro- 
gistexL By G. A. Buch- 
helster ... 197 

Webster's Dlctionarjr.*. . '. .889 

Borogen 70 

Bradt, W. L.. portrait 204 

Brannolln 70 

Breitenbach va, Thayer 282 

Bromal alcohols, study of 137 

Bromopan 70 

Brooklyn College of Pharmacy, 

proposed new building 207 

Brown, C. H. (See Druggists' 

Course in Optics.) 
Brunor, E., prescription filing. 67 
Buchanan, C. G.. small helps.. 243 
Buck, Louis, use of soft cap- 
sules for filling volatile oll8.131 
Business building, 49, 79, 107, 

141. 169, 197. 225. ^49. 307. 340 
Butter analysis 76 

Cacodyllc compounds. 221 
Caldnol 70 

Calcium glyceroarsenate 70 

phosphate, a test for purity 

of 137 

Calcimines for coating wood . . 334 
Calmlne 70 



Camel hair pencils 834 

Camphidon 70 

Camphor, production of In 

China 269 

Canadlne, isomerism with ber- 
berlne 102 

Cantharldes. antidote for. . . .838 

Candy colors. 46 

Capsicum petrolatum 224 

Capsule filling at the counter..223 
Capsules with oils, method of 

filling 104 

Carbonic acid gas, liquid, use 

of in carbonators . . -. 188 

Carnegie institution, plan and 

scope of 19 

Cascarilla, a croton bark sub- 
stitute for. 246 

Cassia bark, source of 270 

beareana In black water 

fever 108 

fistula, insects preying on . . 275 

Catheter lubricant 189 

Cerevisine 71 

Chamois skins 46 

real nature of 281 

China, indigenous drugs of.. .269 

state of pharmacy in 41 

Chinese drugs 269 

Chlnotropin 220 

Chloral, properties of 274 

Chloromethyi-menthyl ether.. 71 

Chloropepsold 70 

Christ as an apothecary 195 

Christmas presents in phar- 
macy 108 

Chrysoleln 71 

Chuchuarln 71 

Cinchona elixir, fortified 71 

Cinchonlne sulphocreosotate. . 71 
Clnnamlc add, amount of in 

cinnamon water. 101 

Clnnamyl-caoodyllc add 71 

Citrate iron and quinine 10 

Citric add, new process of 

manufacture 48 

Coal-tar derivatives, color re- 
actions of 104 

Coating for wooden frames. . .884 

Coca, liquid extract of 877 

Cocaine, methods for detection 

of 41 

and quinine spray 11 

and suprarenal solution.... 40 
Cod fish, salt, decomposition of 76 

liver oil compounds 806 

Coffee, history of and com- 
merce in 288 

Collstlna 71 

Collapsible tube, uses of. the. 801 

COLLIOaS OF PaABKACT : 

Brooklyn, 207, 286, 818; 
Buffalo, 258 ; Chicago, 
281 ; Iowa University 
School of Pharmacy, 208 : 
College of Pharmacy of 
the City of New York, 
171. 280 ; Phlladdphla, 
51, 144, 172, 280, 288; 
St. Louis, 230, 268; 
School of Pharmacy, 
Northwestern University, 
203; Western University 
of Pennsylvania, Dep't of 
Pharmacy, 208. 
Collodion solution of ammonia 

and iodine 44 

Coloring for incandescent 

globes 18, 189 

for lamp chimneys 279 

Color reactions of coal-tar de- 
rivatives 104 

Colvin, W. P.. portrait 227 

Colytlclne 71 

Contrayerva 71 

Copper in drugs and chemi- 
cals, note on presence of. Ill 

isovalerianate 101 

Coptis chlnensis 270 

teeta 270 

Corpulin 71 

-CORRBSPONDENCE : 

Drug journals, the misuse of 78 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



CoBkEsroNMHca (contlniMd) : 
H«rt, Jo«., The tUIng of W*- 

•crIpUoM 143 

J. MadUon Ta;lor, U.D., A 
blDt to mumfaetnrinc 

pbannadiU 388 

Joaet, BImoa N., A' Mmadj 

lor iDbttltntloo. 301 

Llord, J. Del, For ■ moua- 
■mnt OTor I>c Bice's 
SImpwn.'w.'c.V'Ttie'lliliiala 
BoanI oF Appointment. . ■ 48 

CoiTdalli. alkilolOi ol 106 

Co«nietlc lotion 245 

Congh powder IM 

Counter' preicrlblng 38 

CraTon. Indellblooll 3T» 

Cresm lor chapiied bands 105 

Creosote plllB, mode of pre- 

parlns ST4 

to maak odor of 373 

Crowu Perfnmerr Co., iketcb 

of founder 10 

Caba, condltloDH la 144 

Caeumber cream lOB 

extract lOB 

Juice lOB 

Catamelhyl 71 

Cut price evil Id tbe drug 

lra3». the 185 

Dandroir lotion 346 
DarllDg, DnlEht, tb« 
beit routine metbod of mak- 
ing BupposUotles IBO 

DairaoD. w. A. (Bee Store 
MBnagiment.} 
Tbe uaes ot tbe coUapalble 

tube 801 

Dental suppl; department, a. 

In the druK store 347 

Dentifrices, precipitation ot 

BOBP from 1«6 

De Pur, K. W„ portrait 124 

Derlval 71 

Dermasapol 71 

DermoEon 71 

Dextrin moontant 100 

Dinner, compllmentarj, to 

Tbomss Uabea 313 

Dlslntectlon of linen B 

DUaoclatlon tbeor;, explana- 
tion of 180 

Diuretic powder for horaes. . .240 
Doctor, small helps foe the. . .248 

DoH, an unnauar 13 

Dms adulteration 144 

ioamals, how to read niost 

prollUbl; 138 

stores, neir, and founx meii.138 
to increase prestige of . . . SO 
Druggists and public Birali>..394 
Dmg^ committee to report on 

purltT of SB 

Dye recipes 234 

ram 2T0 

DTca. vegetable for wicker 

work IM 

Drmal 11 

Ear drops 246 
Baton, W. H., portrait 

sketcb 297 

Bbert, Albert B., drufglsts 

and poUtlea 294 

Ddneatlon, pharmaceutical.. . .277 

Ehrllcb'B reaction 139 

Bllilr, aionatlc l»B 

paregoric 9 

sweetening 44 

terpln hidrale and codeine., 198 
Elmlra. hlilorleal sketch ot 

city 22T 

Emannel, lools. portrait 120 

the best method of encap- 

aulBllag liquid drugs 120 

Emplorer's liability defined. . .128 

responsibilities of 213 

BmulBloD, note on 10 

Bmulslon cod Urer oil SOS 

pelTOlenm, with hypophos- 
pbltea 40 

chlorofarm and oil. to pre- 

Encapsulatlng rolatile oils. 

best methoa of 128 

EsbBcb's reagent. madlQed,... 74 
Ergot, new process tor fluid 

extract 101 

Broslu 71 

EsMtice ot lemon, soluble 140 

Ethyl endlsmlne carbonate 71 

Bthylol 71 

Eubloee 71 

Eacampbol 13, 4S 

Bogotorm 71 

EiamlnaClon question* ot Illi- 
nois Board 187 

New Xork Boatd 167 

critlettm of. 388 



Excise crusade, the New Xolk.SM 

law and dmgglBt ....138 

enforced agBlnat anv-,„. 

glsU 204 

need for obBotrance of bj 

.,srr •■;■■•■■■■•.■. I? 

BxhlblU at the A Fb. A SIS 

Export trade, American IBT 

ODSnlnga tor IvB 

opportanltleator..lse. 3B1, S08 

E^xtract arenailn 71 

horaechestnot seed. ...... .. JJ 

nqnorlce, preparation of 278 

malt wlui cod liver oil 40 

fluid, for making tinctures.. 98 

Bitralt de canoe 71 

Fats, method ot determining _ 
Iodine t^tate ot .41 

Fellows. A. E., portrait .181 

Ferments, digestive, history oLlOB 

origin and hlstorr of Bl 

FerralMn 71 

Fire Insurance on drug*, new 

rates of 280 

FlBxseed, adulterated 104 

I'leab reducers 106 

Florida water 280 

Fly paper, sticky 27D 

Food adulteration 144 

Foot and moutb dlseaae, treat- 
ment ot 220 

powder 247 

Formaldehyde disinfection. ... 42 

Forman 71 

Formnzol 71 

France opportunities for 

American trade In. 251 

Frost bite, ointment for 74 

Funnel, W, 8., Prescript loo 

aiing 68 

(lalega 71 
T Galenical preparation. 

plea tor 43 

Gane, B. H.. presence ot cop- 
per In drngs Ill 

Gasterlne 40. 71 

Oelone 103 

Geranlm Tl 

Ginseng, varieties of 260 

Oluton 71 

Olycogenol 71 

Qorman, H. A., my thesis 182 

Goto. Setsusto, a Japanese 

pharmacist 338 

Qualseol salphonate ot trl- 

phenyl guaoldln. Tl 

terpln 71 

terpln-chlor.lehthyol 71 

GuaJaform 104 

Qattacura tablet* Tl 

Haarlem oil 47 
HRmaphoKOl 71 

Hnmatofor Tl 

QRmotorm-hBmatogMi Tl 

Halmose 71 

Balr tonic 248 

wash, BappnaceoDB I8D 

Hamlin. B., Jr., portrait 

aketch 338 

Henry. Dr. A., drugs and medi- 
cine* ot China 269 

Herb tea 77 

tlermophenyl 71 

Hetoform 71 

Hnang-llen 270 

Hyde, B. M.. portrait 204 

Hydrargotln 71 

Hydrogen, borated dloxtds of.. 
Hypnoiie -. 166 

l^Kbt'hVd'rin'""iXi'""i 71 
Ichthyol, derivation ot the 
word and sabatanca 104 

IchthyosotB 71 

Illnmlnatlng oil, testa tor. . . .168 

IU.UBTRATIONa : 

A Bermuda drag store. 114 : 
Backgrounds tor *bow win- 
dows, 244 : Ballard. J.W.. 
Krtralt. 831 : Bieser, C. 
portrait, 31 ; Bins tor 
storing bottles, B ; Bm- 
nor, Emlle. portrait, 85 ; 
Ch. Del acres pharmacy 
In Brusaela, 300: ChrU- 
ty'a coUapalble tube flller. 
301 : Cllfte, W. L.. por- 
trait. 202 ; Collapsible 
tube, 301 : Collapsible 
tube flller. 301 : Curtain 
ring, 271; De Poy, K. 
W., 124 ; Diploma of 
■ward of French Exposi- 
tion to Auaaiu^ Dauo- 
olHT, 290 : Display stands, 
272; Dohme, Choa. E., 

Krtralt, 814 : Eaton, W. 
. portrait, 297; Binira 



iLLDVTBATioMS (contlnnsd) : 
town ball, 2S7; FeUowa, 
A. B., 181 : Frame* for 
window trims, 218 : 
Frame work tor window 
displays. 192; Gas wash- 
ing uparatns. 270 ; Qrlt- 
Dth.T. W., portrait. 254 ; 
Hamlin. B.. Jr., portrait, 
233 ; Batding, Herbert 
B., portrait, ~S54 : Hoff- 
mann, Fr.. portrait, 314 : 
Holiday window display, 
101; Hyde, Byron U., 
portrait, IT: Interior of 
Cb. DeWre • pharmacy 
In Brussels. 310: Lesn- 
inc. rbonia*, portrait, 
305 ; Haben, Thomas, 
288 : McLeOdl Geo. B., 
124 : Uembers ot the 
Cocked Hat Leagne of Bt. 
Louis, 115 : Merrlom, A. 
B., portrait, 205; Ulttel- 
l>acb'B prescription flte, 
60 ' FerKctlou soda toun. 
tain. 94 ; Piatt. Henry B., 
portrait, 200 ; Preacrlp- 
tlou check, triplicate, 89 ; 
PrtBcrlptlon counter, 
305 : Freacrlptlon flllng, 
67 : Puff, Myron, portrait. 
831 ; Buhl, II. F^ portrait, 
331 ; Sedberry, H. H.. por- 
trait. 212 : Show window 
curtalna, 271 ; Show win- 
dow platforms, 163 ; 
Slpp, J. D., portrait, 64 ; 
Spratt, John C^ 148: 
Thompson. W. 8., por- 
trslt, 19 ; Trefetben, A. 
J., 124 ; Tufts. J. W., por- 
trait, 84 : Two otflcers of 
the American Chemical 

Hhleldf ' the ■ Oliver, 03 ; 
Van Nort. J. F., 174 ; 
Water motor, a simple, 
a : Window display de- 
signs, 304 ; Window 
stands, 272; Window 
trim designs, 316 : Wirs" 
tube press, SOl. „,_ 

Indene, blmolecular 248 

Index Kewensla, the _86 

Indian red root -276 

Infusions, best methods of^^ 

preparing 223 

Ink, water proof drawing 106 

Iodine flgnre of fats, new 

metliod of determining... 41 

loXffid'meat jii I re. ■-■.■.'. '.■.'.■.■.'. 71 

meat powder 71 

lodocol 71 

lodogenol ,21 

tonlsation, explanation at.... 160 

Iron picrate •._■■■ v." ■ " 

pytophonibate and phospho- 
ric acid Incampatibie. ...234 

Jalap. dstermlnatlon of 
i^D content 222 

Jamec. Dr. E. J., address to 
the graduatea ol North- 

wectem CnivetaltT 208 

Jamrosin 8? 

Jegnirltol ....- 71 

Jobbers, proposed consol Ida- 
Johnson, ' J." T.. an iitempo- 
raneous method of flUbiK 

capsules ; ..183 

Jones, Simon N., a remedy tor 
robstltntion 201 

Kataer, L., The Weft Coaat 
of Mexico ss a market tor _„ 

American goods 806 

Kebler, L. F., portrait.,... ..181 
Teats and standarda ot the 

Pharmacopoeia. 161, SIB 

Kemp, Edward, portrait 21 

Kerr, W. W,, Proceedlnga of 
a pharmaceutical conven- 

Knighta'of'the RoBd.isi. 64, 

124, 183, 212, 824. SB2 

Kola syrup ,■.■■■. '^^ 

Kolbe process for sslicylic 

flcld 132 

"Kommera," the, s plea tor.. 160 

Kordof an gum ■ 187 

Kooaso. conatittfents of. 102 

Kobel-Tlcmann test tor or- 
ganic imparities la water, 

Ku«w?n°. ::!::::::io2 

Kussotoiln 102 

Label paste 806 
Labels for shelf bottles.. 338 

Lacnantbes tlnctorla 276 

Lactanio ■ - 98 

Law. RalnsB, proposed amend- 



..106 



Levlco ochre. ... _ .. _ ^ 
■■ Licensed Draggiat," atatn* 

of In New York ;■ ■.;•!* 

Licenaes, eichanglDC of N«W 

York Ig 

Limanol " 

Linen, disinfection o 
Llqaor Bales by p"— 

fllloaolphlnl .^.. -- 

Llteratuia. pbannaclsta In... U. 
Lloyd, 1. V; address to the 

New York College of Pbar- 

Loffig. t H!,'PrMslit statu*' of 

P^rm'W of 

Lycotorm ■ Eg 

Lygosln compounds *o 

Lysulfol Oo 

M'*..c."°".":..f°~-!|8. 

dinner to. 812 

Sketch ot the iitarary ca- 
reer ot H. B. Balldon...2^ 

McDougsrs powder,.^.. IjO 

McLeod. Geo. B„ portrait. . ,124 

McKlnley memorial B8 

Maltogen ■ ■ ■ ., 08 

Hanufng. U. G. ISee Business 

Building.) , „ 

Manufacturing Chemists Rag- 

Istratlon Bureso 287 

Marine Hospital Service, the. 83 
Martlndale, Wm., death of. ..U8 
Maryland, new pharmacy '""j^g 

Meat pr'eservallVB 12 

Medlglycln ■.■-■■,■■■,■ ™ 

Uemmel, Ebimeo, A Blmpie 

process ot making sop- 

posltorlcB 218 

Mentborol ■ -,■:,■■■ "'' 

Mercuric chloride solution. 

Mercuric lodocacodyiate. 103 

Mercury, detection of, In f^-gg- 
M^li" Qei>'. 'li.'.'pirtrlUt .' ' .' .'204 
Messina essences, manufacture 

Msthenyl-ortbo-anisldin 98 

Mexico, drug business In.. ...308 
Microscopical preparations, """^^^ 

Microscopic oculaia. new 248 

MUk analysis.. ...... ....-■■ 78 

Mlttelbach, Wm., Prescription ^^ 

MoliT^daveiopment of in il<l-jgj 
Moos, growth of on nortli ■'''•-n^ 
Motor, water' an improviaed.. 8 

Monntant, gelatin. ^ 

Hn-erb, a food fnngo* 370 

Mnsoi : -25 

!i^oaf^arfSSSr;thi:::'a 
N'"&^rXb-.v..:.:.::.:^ 

N.A.H.D.not«...16^84.M 

plea for »• 

NsphU as a poison... 886 

Nerve force nature of 1B7 

Netherland pharmaceutical 8o- 

New Year"* preaents In Phar- 
macy ...lira 

Nsw York pharmacy law 
amendmenta " 

Niotorm ■.■...■■■■..;■:;.■ 

Nnx vomica, fluid extract, 

preparation of . . . . • ■ ■ ''g 

N. W^ D. A. committee* 18 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



Ohio's put la N. A. B. D. eon- 
Tmtlon 16 

OH, bargunot, mumfaetnre 

of 106 

citron. mulufsctnTe of.... 168 
lemon, mumlactnre of,... 166 

maattrd. iMa/ or S86 

ormon. mtumttctor* of 166 

Oils, Tolatlle, detannliu.tloD of 
In (plces 2TD 

Opium, deodoTlHd, prepara- 
tion of. ITa 

iDtrodoctlon of Into China.. 360 
■moklng, eTlla of. 368 

Optica, drnffUta' coanw In..T, 
89, TB, 184, 16i, ai9^ 278 

908, 8AS 

Oaborn, G., on old-faahloned 
profetaionallttn 298 

Oaaln 99 

Otto of nwa, prodacUon and 
pnrltj oL 11 

Oudatlon br copper aalta, ef- 
fecta of 10 

Oaonatlne 99 



Ptllndiam chloride. M 
FaDbotano. therapeutics 

of 808 

Fanldehjde IneompatlbU wltb 

potaiafDni bromide lOB 

PaieHrle, Bllxir of 9 

Petn&i 99 

Perrr, J. C; on S. N. Jonea' 

Dew contract plan 202 

Peroxide of alllcateaT 688 

Peraodlna 99 

Petrol 99 

Pharmaceatleal ooDTentlon, 

proceedlnga of a T4 

Pbarmadata Id tlteratnra. . . . 11 

llcenae, ho* obtained In 
New Yor* 224 

protnotlon of in Marine 

Boaplt&l aerrlce Bl 

Pharmacol orleaL aaaar of 

drnsB 104 

Pbarmacopedlea 3TS 

Pbarmacopedr, propoaed new 

word 278 

Pbarmacopoeia, proiren of 
work on SDO 

t««ta and standards of. 161, SIS 

the new Croatian 276 



Pbarnaclat*. nnmber of T«gl»- 
t«rad. In Great Britain aad 

tbe TTnltcd StatM U9 

Fhannaey moo&k tbe «nel«ot 

Bcntlana 1»4 

BoaM ot New Tork, antO- 

catlon ot. 85 

Caiparl's treatise on 3 

ealcal, profitable elde of.. 44 

Is China 41 

iMpector arrested IS, 8G 

law (N. Y.J, bearlnzOD.... M 
New York, amblgQl|T in... 384 
legiilatloD In New Tork, re- 
view of mesaures psssed 

br lestaUtnre. 304 

obllBitlons of. 342 

■practical," skit on 187 

present status of 3 

woman's, the first S76 

Ptienaeylphenetadln 00 

Phenol cellnloid. 09 

Phosphorus, detection of. 169 

preparatlona In medicine, 

TiclasJtudes ot 108 

^ospbomsnuitlc add 887 

Photorraphlc sappllea, aole of 

In amg Mores 44 

Pboto paste 100 

PbrslclBiia. dragglsta' rela- 

tlona^th....... »» 

Pbraol 90 

Fine consb core 328 

Plant aniijlslB 76 

Plants, enerBj of asalmllatloD 

of 888 

Plantose 90 

Pneumln 90 

Poisons, sale of br drugBlat*, 

llahllltr defined S4 

sale of in ETanee 321 

Pomade Honsrolse. 224 

Posts] Isw* on malUnf of liq- 
uids 348 

PotMS. bromide and paralde- 

hjde Incompatible 108 

Preacrlptlon cheek, trlptlcats 

{iilustratMl) 80 

min». 1, 87 

iaborstorr, antem In. 88 

record, practical 48 

armbol. proper attitude ot 

dmsBlat uiward. 46 

PrescriptTons. checking, flllns 

and pricing of 88 

Frlngle, J. M., Fraacrlptlou fll- 

Proi^ memorial, Caniegle 

and 2 

PnK, Hyron, portrait 8S1 

prise paper on coed bnTing.883 

FropbTlactol 99 

Proprietsrr medicine makers' 

annual meeting 242 

Protelds. eatlmatTon of br tbl- 

oalnamlne 16S 

Pnlmoform 99 

Pnrgatln 09 

Poroform 00 

Prramldon campborat*. 90 

aallcjlate 09 



Qnlnlne acetTlsallcTlate 320 
dlanlpbate, purity of.. . . 10 
mixture, chocolate 806 

salpbocreoBotate 230 

snlphophenolate 230 

nretbane 198 

Qulnotroplne 320 

Rachltol 90 
Badal 90 

Radio-actlTltr 4S 

Raines law, propoaed amend- 
ments to!. ...vTrr. 827 

Reaction between magneainm 
■nipbate. antlpTrlne and so- 

dlnm sallcTlate 108. 377 

Beagents, preserratlon of 48 

"Bed Albnmen " exposed.... 12 
Registration Burean, Mana- 

factOTlng Chemists' 387 

Interchange of between Con- 
necticut. New Jersey and 

New York 228 

of labels 248 

Rheumstlo 46. 09, 106 

Rhubarb, botanical origin of.. 270 

aeat of Hie trade In 370 

Rice, Charlea, neglected grave 

Rice memorial ' fund '. '. '. 68.' 81, 

98. lOe. 143. ITl. 201. 288 
Rose, otto, production and 

purity of II 

Rubber, sonree of. 103 

Rnhl. H. F.. portrait 831 

prlie paper on good buying. 839 



Saccharine Itgnlda, add mer- 
curic nitrate in anal jals ot . 331 
Bales, apedal, as a meana ot 

adTertlsIni; 76 

Ballcyllc add, synthetic prepa- 
ration A .V:iS8 

BlTcerln-ester 99 

BsIoloEthophosphlnat* 330 

Baloqulnlne 09 

Sanatolyn 00 

Saa-dil 370 

Sander, Rano, dinner to 143 

Sangostol 99 

SsDgnlnol 09 

Hanto Domingo, OPPortonltles 
for the ssle of onus In. . .282 

Satlnette starch finish. 18 

Scent, Cblneee hair oil 270 

Bears, C. B^ portrait 204 

SedberiT, Q. H., portrait 

sketch 213 

Seidllts powders, quality of. . CI 

Salenopyrln 09 

Seltsogene apparatos 889 

Senna, active constituents ot. . 43 

Septofonns 00 

Shammj skins 4D 

Bhelt bottles, Isbels for 888 

Sheppsrd, 8. A. D., Prescrip- 
tion filing TO 

Show globe colors 47, 77 

Show window dreMlng. 884 

Slop, J, D., portrait sketch.. 64 

BIdonal 320 

Bklnner, B. P., Ajnerlean trade 

abroad 281 

Bloan, Q. W., Tlie manufac- 
ture at sapposltorlee 210 

Bnake venom, antidote f.jr 388 

Soap powdera. 47 

liquid, for aurgeona' nae...l72 

medicated eoeoannt oil 12 

Boda water law of New York. . 31 

Sodium bl-lodo4allcTlate 98 

giycerophoepliate \u powder 

form! 306 

thtoaulpbate. chemlatry ot. .102 

Solanam ehenopodlnnm 377 

BolQtlon magnealum citrate, 
almpte method of keeping. 198 

" per deeenaum " 194 

Bolvosol llthlam. 220 

potassium 220 

Soum Africa, American trade 

In 202 

Sonth African trade, expected 

boom In. 811 

Bplegler's resgent, modified.. 48 

Bplrltus mindererll 248 

Spray, cocaine and quinine. . . 11 
Staebler, R., A mold device for 
encapanlning volatile oils. .ISO 

Starch gloM 18 

Stevens, L. F., portrait sketch . 180 
The beet routine method ot 

making suppositories 180 

Sroaa UaNMUUMNX-.B, 88,72. 
08. 183, 162, 191, 219. 244, 

371. 804, 884 
SuBSCUBXRs' Di sens sioHB. an- 
nouncement, 1, 88, 66, 98, 

137. 188, 241. 367, 299 
evidences of appreciation of. 188 

Prescription flluu 87 

Tbe bevt method ot encap- 
sulating liquid drugs 129 

The best routine method of 

making tupposltorles. . . . .180 
What rules should be fol- 
lowed In bnylns goods T. .839 
Substitution, a remedy for. ..301 

Sneramlne 220 

Sngar analysis, nnlfl cation ot 

methods of 196 

quantitative determination 

of, In urine 886 

Sappoaltorles, best roatlne 

methods of msklng 189 

manufacture of 218 

new bases for 78 

oreu, a new S7B 

Swedish Pbarmaeopoila assay 

methods 43 

Byrap glycerophosphates comp. 40 

horseradish 321 

hypophoephltea Co 270 

kola 838 

ledtbin 40 

manganese eaecbarate 104 

Tablets, compressed, ioinbil- 
Ity of 81 

Talcum powder, violet 806 

Tsnnalln 330 

Tannochrome 330 

Tarchlol 198 

Tartar emetic, Impurltlea In.. 162 

Tartropben 220 

Test, albumen In urine 48 

dlatlngnlablng. for blood.. 43 
tor purity of myrrh 11 



78 



TmOu deaet. bandy 

Tesfiffor lliamlnatlng oil : 

Thesis, my, by Uedora A. 
Gorman 183 

niloeol serum 220 

Thloslnanin 229 

"niampson, W, B., portrait 

aketch 10 

Thurston, Asor, storage bins 

for bottles 8 

Tbymatol 320 

Tincture Crataegl DxyacanthB.320 

dlfltaJla, valne ot. ST8 

Iron, tartrated 9 

nui vomica, pr^aratlon ot. 11 

opium, deodorised. 172 

silpbyus Isclnstns. 
TlnctDres from fluid i 

solid residue content ai...x«o 
Titles, pioprletarT, right to 

use of. 334 

Tobscco leaf. Imitating Ba- 

vena 140 

Todd, J. B., portrait 204 

Tonic pills for don 348 

Toning solution, platinum. ... 12 
Tooth paste. 48, 238 

wash 77, 238 

Trade-marka, how to take oat. 248 

Trefetben, A. J., portrait 134 

Trlferrln 220 

Tube, collapsible, ose* ot the.. 301 

TDberenloI albumin 220 

Tnbercnlosla by coogbing 172 

Tu-chnng 369 

Tnrpentlhe eomponnda 372 

with phosphorus. Iodine snd 

bromine 272 

Typhase 339 

Typhoid tever test 139 

Tyrotoxlcon, antidote for 838 

Upas tree, paleanani nature 
ot 67 

United States, the, ae a 
world's market 241 

Crea, ose* of In tberapeutlci.198 

tTrlne analysis, tunnel for 276 

methods of preserving. 194, 222 
sugar test 9, B8S 

Dror. 220 

D rosin 

VBlerydlne 108 
Validol camphorate.....220 

Tan Cleve, A. T., Improvised 
water motor 8 

Vanilla, commercial position 

ot 78 

extract, detection of tonka 
. In 196 

Tanlllln. commercial position 
of ^ 76 

Van Bteenburgh, W. M., Sup- 
pository making. 316 

Tarnish remover 12 

Tlolet tslcnm powder 306 

water 896 

TIslon, physiology of 7 

Tidatll* oils, eDcapsolating ot. 



Warner, Frank, Prescrip- 
tion filing 66 

Water analysis. 224 

filtration of 61 

softener 236 

source ot error Id Snbel- 
Tlemann'B test tor organic 

impurities In water 221 

Weill s. I. U.. Tinctures from 

fiuld extracts 98 

methods of fllilnf capsulea 

with volatile ofla 131 

Whisky, aale of on prescrlp- 

Whooplng cough embrocation. 40 

Wilkinson's liniment. 40 

Wines, comparative value of 

new and old for use ot sick, 274 
Wine of pepsin 40 

sweet ralaln. composition ot. 10 

Wood stains. 77 

Woman's pharmacy, the first. .276 

Wool tat, tertlng_of 161 

Wooten, T. VT^ht Cut-price 

evil In the drug trade 188 

World's Fair. Strtoula, 1908.174 
Window dressing 48- 

Yoblmbl bark, botanical 
source of. 168 

•Vomol 220 



(.* 



<^ 



AMERICA 



and PHAR 



NEW YORK 



I88U1ED SBMI-IIOMTHLT BT 

AMEILICAN DILUGGIST PUBLISHING CO.. 

eiMIB Wb8T Bboadwat, Naw Tobx. 
T§ltitkM€, 4470 Cortiandt, Cable addr9S9! "Amdruggttt, New York," ABC eod: 

A. R. RLLIOTT, President. 
CASWELL A. MAYO, Ph.G Editor. 

THOMAS J. KEENAN, Lie. Fhar Associate Editor. 

Chicago Office. 281 Randolph Street. 
ROMAINE PIER80N Manager. 

SosacBipnoH Pbiob: 

Paid in advance direct to this office^..... $1.60 

Foreign Countries 2.S0 

Subscriptions may begin at any time. 
Anvniisnvo ratbs quonn oh appucation. 




UGGIST 



ECORD 



13, 1902, 



OUR SUBSCRIBERS' DISCUSSIONS. 



Tbb AiODUCAif Drdooist AMD PHABMACBimcAL Rbcx>bd is issucd OH the 
second and fourth Mondays of each month. Changes of advertiaements 
should be recetyed ten days in advance of the date of publication. 

Remittances should be made by New York exchange, poet office or express 
money order or registered mail. If checks on local banks are used 10 cents 
should be added to coyer cost of collection. The publishers are not respon- 
sible for money sent by unregistered mail, nor for any money paid except to 
duly authorised agents. All communications should be addressed and all 
remittances made payable to American Brugglst Publishing Co., OS 66 West 
Broadway, New York. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

bditoriai.s ^ 1, 2 

Obzoxnai. Abticles: 

An Improvised Water Motor, by A. T. Van Cleve 8 

Bins for the Storage of Bottles, by Asor Thurston 8 

The Present Status of Pharmacy and Its Possible Improve- 
ment, by Bit H. liong 8-6 

Diphtheria Antitoxin and Its Recognition by the United States 
Pharmacopceia, by Joseph W. England 6 

Dbuqgibts' Coubbx in Optics : 

The Physiology of Vision T 

Dspartmbnt of Stork Managbkrnt: 

The New Year 8 

Cbsam of Curbrnt Litbbatitbe : 

Borated Dioxide of Hydrogen, The Passage of Wines through 
the Fresh Residue of Grapes, The Disinfection of PatiattS* 
Linen, Elixir of Paregoric, Tartrated Tincture of Iron, On 
the Clinical Determination of the Presence of Sugar In the 
Urine, by Orthonltroplienylpropionic Acid 9 

The Purity of Quinine Blsnlphate, Citrate of Iron and Quinine, 
The Resins of Balsam of Copaiba, Contributions to the Study 
of Emulsin, Tlie Effects of Oxidation by Copper Salts 10 

Notes on Pure Otto of Roses, The Official Test of Myrrh, On 
the Preparation of Tincture of Nux Vomica, The Apprentice 
Problem from a Scottish Point of View 11 

Qubbibs and Answbbs : 

To Remove VamiiAi, An Unusual Dose, Medicated Cocoanut Oil 
Soaps, "Red Albumen," Toning to Produce Carbon Effects, 
Acid Preservative for Meat 12 

Star|:h Gloss, Dyes for Solution in Collodion, Bucamphol 18 

Business Building: 

Some Facts and Figures 18 

Nbws of thb Dbuo Wobld 15-82 



w 



E again invite the attention of our readers to the 
new department of Subscribers' Discussions, 
which will be a feature of the American Druggist for 
1902. The question for the first discussion is What is the 
Best Method of Filing Prescriptions? This question is 
one of practical interest and is intended to call out many 
replies. Whoever among our Subscribers sends us the 
most satisfactory answer will receive a prize of $10.00. 
The answers must reach us on or before January 21, and 
the award will be announced as soon after that date as 
practicable. The object of these discussions being to se- 
cure information which will be of service to pharmacists, 
it is hoped that all who are in a position to reply will do 
so. Another question will be announced in our next 
issue. 



DR. RICPS GRAVE. 



TTHE Pharmaceutical Review, of Madison, Wis., pub- 
-*- lishes in its January issue an editorial note calling 
attention to the fact that the grave of Dr. Charles Rice, in 
Woodlawn Cemetery, New York, is as yet unmarked 
by any monument or tablet; and the disagreeable im- 
pression one derives from a reading of the article is that 
the friends of Dr. Rice have allowed the dead ' to be 
forgotten. The article closes with the solemn injunction 
not to " entirely forget the resting place of Dr. Rice and 
mark the spot in a measure befitting the character and 

temper of the man." 

The editor of the Review appears to be unaware of 
the fact that steps have already been taken by the friends 
of the late revered chairman of the Committee on Re- 
vision of the U. S. Pharmacopceia looking to the adequate 
marking of his grave. A movement to this end has been 
initiated by the United States Pharmacopceial Conven- 
tion, and there will be no question about the memory of 
Dr. Rice being kept green by the representatives of 
American pharmacy. Professor Coblentz and Professor 
Rusby, of New York, have been active, as have other 
New York friends of the deceased, and the pharmaceu- 
tical journals are ready to unite in the movement when 
the plans are fully developed. The American Drucxhst 
favors a general subscription for a monument over Dr. 
Rice's grave, and will be glad to receive and forward to 
the present chairman of the Committee on Revision any 
donations sent for this purpose. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



CASPARTS PHARMACY. 



MANY of our readers will recall the editorial notice 
_ of Caspari's " Treatise on Pharmacy," which was 
published in the American Druggist for November ii, 
1895, soon after the book made its appearance. As briefly 
noted in the American Druggist for November 11, 
1901, page 291, a new (2d), revised and enlarged edi- 
tion was issued from the press of Lea Brothers & Co. 
last November.* 

Our favorable impression of the book on its first ap- 
pearance is strengthened by a study of the latest revision. 
Those who are familiar with literature of this kind agree 
that for orderly arrangement of subjects, conciseness and 
eminent practicality, this treatise holds the premitmi. 
One can scarcely dip into the work at any part, whether 
in search of information regarding the most recent teach- 
ings on the constitution of the alkaloids, or for solutions 
to such problems as present themselves day by day in the 
experience of the l^usy pharmacist, without being im- 
pressed with the author's intimate knowledge of matters 
connected with the practical work of pharmacy. 

Science in any of its branches is seldom an alluring 
study, and it is much to the credit of Professor Caspari 
that he has been able to present subjects of such infinitude 
of details as pharmacy and pharmaceutical chemistry in 
so interesting and instructive a form. In these respects 
Caspari's Pharmacy gains by comparison with older 
works; though, in expressing this opinion, we are con- 
scious of our limitations, and realize the difficulty of put- 
ting ourselves in the position of a beginner who has not 
yet come under the influence of the charm that grows 
with ati extended acquaintance with drugs and their 
manipulation. We are among those who subscribe cheer- 
fully to the saying, " Once a druggist, always a drug- 
gist ; " for — 

Yon may break, you may shatter the vase, If you will, 
But the scent of the roses will hang round it still. 

And so the experienced pharmacist who has grown to 
love his calling is quick to appreciate evidences of a like 
sympathy in others, a s)mipathy which, revealed however 
inadequately, finds oftenest its highest expression in the 
literature of the craft 

Pharmacy has progressed in many of its branches 
since the work was first written, and the present edition 
lias been brought fairly up to date by the inclusion of much 
new matter, the chapters on Specific Gravity, Solutions, 
Compressed Tablets and Tablet Triturates, Plasters and 
Ointments and Suppositories having been largely rewrit- 
ten. Considerable new matter has also been added to the 
chapters on Syrups, Pills, Powders, Percolation, Mix- 
tures, Alkaloids, Alcohol and its Derivatives, and Vola- 
tile Oils; while new chapters on Prescriptions and the 
Assay of Alkaloidal Drugs have been introduced. The 
two last named chapters must be regarded as important 
additions, especially to the student. 

The typography of the book has been improved in 

1 A TBCATin Off Pbabmaot for Rtudents and Pharmacista. By Charles 
<Hupari, Jr., Ph.O.. Profeasor of the Theorr and Practice of Pharmacy to the 
Maryland College of Pharmacy. Second edition, teytaed and ©nJiWd. , I",'"- 
Sated with aoiwood cuts and a portrait plate. Lea Brothers A Co., Philadel- 
pSa and New York, 1901. Pp. Jriii-m Loloth, |4.«1. __ 



many respects, the use of heavy faced type for titles be- 
ing, in our opinion, a distinct improvement, while the 
many new and interesting illustrations on pp. 52, 60, 
61, 86, 132, 177, 178, 181, 213, 214, 215, 216, 218, 219, 
351* 352, 387, 388, 390, 402, 403, 446, 461, 642, 680 and 
681 should prove very serviceable, and certainly add to 
the value of the book. We think we are not mistaken in 
our belief that every one of these new illustrations ap- 
pears in a text-book of pharmacy for the first time. 

The resumf of analytical methods in use among chem- 
ists for the determination of the constituents of volatile 
oils, which is given on pp. 679, 680 and 681, is an addition 
which will commend itself particularly to advanced stu- 
dents. 

For superior finish of paper, typography and illus- 
trations the publishers deserve great credit, for in this 
respect the book is in a class of its own. The frontis- 
piece, consisting of a plate of portraits oh fine half-tone 
paper of " the leaders of American pharmacy during the 
last half of the nineteenth century," is an innovation in 
a work of this kind, which will not, in our opinion, meet 
with universal approval, though doubtless having a 
special interest of its own for students of the history of 
pharmacy in the United States. 

A few typographical errors have been noticed, two of 
which must be annoying to the author. On page 18, third 
line from bottom, the date 1890 should be i89i,andon page 

60, seventh line from bottom, & X number of degrees 

bXa 

should obviously be ^ ^ "^^^^ ^^ ^' ^^^ On page 
23, sixth line from top, Al^KaCSOJ should be ALK, 



CARNEGIE AND THE PROCTER MEMORIAL. 



ANDREW CARNEGIE has donated the sum of ten 
million dollars in five per cent, bonds for the estab- 
lishment of an institution devoted to higher education 
and the encouragement of research. The scope and pur- 
poses of the institution are set forth at length in our news 
columns. In explaining the purpose of the foundation 
Mr. Carnegie says: 

It is proposed to found in the city of Washin^rton, in the 
spirit of Washington, an institution which. vHth the e(h 
operation of institutes new or hereafter esttiblished, there or 
elsewhere, shall in the broadest and most liberal manner en- 
courage investigation, research and discovery; encourage the 
application of knowledge to the improvement of mankind; 
provide such buildings, laboratories, books and apparatus as 
may be needed, and afford instruction of an advanced char- 
acter to students whenever and wherever found, inside or 
outside of schools, properly qualified to profit thereby. 

The clause italicised offers a possible solution of the 
problem before the Procter Memorial Committee. That 
committee can scarcely hope to provide a fund large 
enough to erect and maintain an independent research 
laboratory, but they probably could secure sufiicient funds 
to equip, or possibly to build and equip, as a Procter 
Memorial Laboratory, a wing to a large central laboratory 
such as will probably be erected by the Carnegie Institu- 
tion. The intimation that co-operation will be welcomed 
by the Institution would warrant the Procter Memorial 
Committee in laying some such proposal before the di- 
rectors. J 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



AN IMPROVISED WATER MOTOR. 

By a. T. Vam Clbtb, 

BtDEtuuntOB. K. T. 

THE accompanying sketch gives the outlines of a water 
motor which I have constructed to run drug mills 
or tablet machines. Its method of construction may be 
briefly described as follows: On a small wooden cart 
wheel are fastened curved strips of tin, as shown in the 



A simple Water Uotor. 

sketch. To the axle of the wheel is fastened a belt, con- 
nected with another wheel attached to the machine which 
it is desired to operate by means of water power. A 
hose nozzle is attached to the water faucet connecting 
with the city main, and the drive wheel of the motor is 
arranged under the faucet in such a manner as to receive 
the full force of the water. 



BINS FOR THE STORAGE OF BOTTLES. 

By Azor Thubston, 
Qraod Bspld>. O. 

PROBABLY only a few druggists consider the storage 
of empty bottles of sufficient importance to make 
any special arrangements for the same, but prefer to push 
the cases, as received, under the counter, or in any other 
convenient place. 

The accompanying illustration shows an arrangement 



_ " f ' _ ' I 



Ik 






rj 



BIDS lor Storing Bottles. 

for the storing of ^, i, 2, 4, 8 and 16 ounce bottles. 
When a case of bottles is opened they are all washed and 
placed in the proper bin, and are then ready to be trans- 
ferred to the prescription case, as needed.- The illustra- 
tion represents the front and end view of the bin drawn 
to the scale of J4 inch to the foot. The bottom of each 
bin is movable, and thus the bin is readily cleaned from 
any accumulation of dust. 

If the bins are placed in the basement, the shelving 
above the bins can be utilized for storing ether, chloro- 
fortn, hydrogen dioxide and other substances that should 
be kept in a cool place. The space under the bins can be 
utilized for the storage of jugs, cans, etc. 

Bins as represented can be built for a few dollars, and 
the satisfaction of always having clean bottles at hand 
more than repays the moderate expense and trouble en- 
tailed. 



THE PRESENT STATUS OF PHARMACY AND 
ITS POSSIBLE IMPROVEMENT.' 

Bt Eu H. IiOKQ, H. D., 

BoOalo. S. T. 

THE wording of our topic implies the need of improve- 
ment in the pharmacy of to-day. It should not be 
construed as meaning that pharmacy has not improved 
along most essential lines ; neither should it be under- 
stood as assuming the right of the physician to exercise 
dictatorial censorship over the phannacist. There are 
certain phases of the relationship of pharmacy to medi- 
cine which must engage our attention or medical science 
as a whole will sufTer ; and our present topic is intended 
to furnish opportunity to outline some of these, and, with 
the aid of our esteemed pharmaceutical friends, to dis- 
cuss in a harmonious way some of the fundamental defi- 
ciences. The hope is indulged that the future may wit- 
ness efforts at improvement which shall be characterized 
by co-operation and forbearance based upon that common 
honesty and courtesy which are possessed not by one pro- 
fession only, but in large degree by the representative men 
of both. 

Let us, therefore, look through and behind the glar- 
ing evils of the present day pharmacy, such as substitution, 
counter prescribing, etc., which we all recognize only to 
condemn, and seek the causes and conditions which have 
brought forth and which perpetuate the same. 

pharmacy's dependence upon medicine. 
Pharmacy has been called the handmaid of medicine. 
Her normal relation is certainly one of helpfulness and 
dependence. But we as physicians must remember that 
the helpfulness is bom of a need of that help which many 
fail to appreciate and also that the dependence of pharma- 
cy implies an ability on our part to direct, to educate and 
to fix standards for our dependent. Furthermore, the 
question of ideals has more than a passing influence 
upon the character of pharmacy. Particularly at the 
present time, when it is a question 
whether pharmacy in the future shall be 
a trade with business ideals or a pro- 
fession with humanitarian ideals, should 
this thought engage our minds. Phar- 
macy naturally locks to medicine for her 
ideals. Is she disappointed? 

But let us not separate the two too 
widely. Pharmacy must be regarded as 
a part, a special branch, of medical sci- 
ence; and this relation is emphasized by 
the present tendency in medical schools, 
where a course in practical pharmacy is 
coming to be regarded as essential to a 
medical education. 

BEST THOUfiHT OF PHARMACY ABREAST OF PROGRESS IN 
ALL LINES. 

The abili^ also that parmacy has shown in meeting 
our needs in the way of more precise medication and pleaa- 
anter preparations, in the isolation of active principles of 
drugs, and in processes of assay which guarantee a cer- 
tain quality of preparation, should be appreciated. But 
in order that our respect for our helpers may not rest 
solely upon these achievements it is asserted that the best 
thought in pharmacy to-day is fully abreast of progress 
in all practical lines. If any are indined to doubt the as- 
sertion, ccMivincing support of the same may be found in 
the history of the United States Pharmacopceia during 
the past sixty years. In the successive revisions of this 

< A paper reid b«rore tha Bair«l» Aeaduv o( MedlelDc and e^ 
tributed tor poblleitloD In the Amimmx IttnooisT. 



Ilr 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARM ACETJl ICAL RECORD 



admirable book pharmaceutical aid has been in the in- 
crease since 1840, when it was first invited to the work of 
revising this our standard of materia medica. In the edition 
of 1840 the value of pharmaceutical assistance was evi- 
denced by the introduction of the process of percolation as 
a means of exhausting drugs. Since that time representa- 
tive pharmacists have regularly participated in the work, 
and their interest in the book even led to their delegates 
outnumbering those from medical bodies in the last phar- 
macopoeial convention. Corresponding with this en- 
larged pharmaceutical influence we note very great im- 
provements in the book amcmg which is that of the adop- 
tion of the metric system in its formulas. 

I admit that this is taking pharmacy at its best, and that 
some minds will at once draw a comparison with the aver- 
age drug store which may be very disparaging to the latter ; 
but I maintain that, in spite of the commercial atmosphere 
of the ordinary store, pharmacy is making a steady im- 
provement, largely unaided by us, and that its best men 
are anxious to keep pace with the rapid progress of medi- 
cine in the sphere of their relation to it. 

EVIDENCES OF IMPROVEMENT. 

Now, what are some of the evidences of improvement? 

In the line of literature, we find that, while during the 
fifty years from 1829 to 1879 there were established in the 
United States four pharmaceutical journals, or an aver- 
age of one in twelve and one-half years, during the six- 
teen from 1880 to 1895, inclusive, there were established 
twenty, or an average of one every ten months. 

In the line of restrictive legislation, previous to 1880 
the practice of pharmacy in this country was practically 
restricted except in five States and three cities. Since 
1880 there have been enacted thirty-nine State laws which 
originated in pharmaceutical bodies. These laws in the 
mam require four years' experience and an examination 
in order to obtain license to practice. 

Still greater evidence of progress is seen in the in- 
crease of colleges of pharmacy, from three in 1840 to fifty 
in 1895, and this without the existence of any legal neces- 
sity of a college training on the part of pharmacists. This 
advance cannot be bom of any commercial spirit, but must 
be expressive of an ambitioii to prepare well to meet the 
recognized need of trained men. But it is evident that 
the college training of pharmacists should be as broad as 
is possible within reasonable limits. The maxim, "A lit- 
tle knowledge is a dangerous thing/' is probably nowhere 
better or more generally exemplified than in our drug 
stores. The average dispenser without college training 
possesses some knowledge of medicine above that needed 
in his work and he frequently uses that knowledge im- 
properly. But the college man, if properly trained, though 
possessmg a larger knowledge of facts pertaining to medi- 
cine, has learned when not to use them. In other words, 
our college-trained men are not as a rule engaged in il- 
luminating the fences, in counter-prescribing, and in sub- 
stituting. The commercial so pre-eminent in the phar- 
ytXBiix of to-day with deficient training must be held 
ittt|^y responsible for such abuses, while the progress in 
)$dil6ii^idn, as shown in the increase of colleges, gives hope 
trt^H feetter state of aflFairs in the future. 



. '' » 



i^^WWWr THE PHARMACIST OUGHT TO BE, BUT IS NOT. 

;'.J;et us now consider another feature of our subject — 
Qiie ^t some importance — ^the individual pharmacist. We 
]|^ye^ drawn outlines of the picture of what he may be, and 
w|5\are very sure we know what he ought to be, but is not. 
Our, average pharmacist of to-day is a commercial man, 
and nbf the professional man we should want him to be. 
-Whjr^is^is? The reason is not far away if we follow 



the path of the drug clerk. And truly his path is not an 
inviting one. From the beginning of his apprenticeship 
as bottle washer and errand boy he sees the motto of the 
store plainly visible everywhere, and that motto is — busi- 
ness. He sees how things are done behind the counter. 
His employer is not a professional man, may even ridi- 
cule the college graduate. In his school of experience he 
has learned to place highest value upon the business qual- 
ities in a clerk and therefore the professional aspirations 
of the college man are all' moonshine to him. Do not 
blame him too severely, for he was trained in a business 
environment. 

WHY THE PHARMACIST IS A COMMERCIAL MAN. 

But it is evident that the whole atmosphere of {he store 
is such as to favor a perpetuation of his kind unless our 
clerk has professional instincts and is able to rise above 
the level of his surroundings. Even then his advisers are 
likely to take the business view and remind him that he 
need not go to college, he can study up and pass the State 
Board, and get his license, and what more does he want? 
Now just reflect upon the situation cf our clerk and im- 
agine what will be the bent of his mind by the time he 
comes to be manager of a store, add the business necessi- 
ties that attach to the modem pharmacy, and the question 
why our average pharmacist is a commercial man is an- 
swered. 

Most colleges have abolished the requirement of a 
number of years of drug store experience as a prerequi- 
site for graduation. This must be regarded as an ad- 
vance, for we will probably agree that after a certain 
amount of experience the earlier the college training is 
had the higher will be the ideals and more ethical will be 
the practice of the pharmacist. , A long experience of the 
ordinary drug store kind taken alone is certainly inimical 
to a professional development. 

INFLUENCES ADVERSE TO PROFESSIONAL ADVANCEMENT. 

But there are still other influences which help to make 
the pharmacist what he is. The rush of trade — soda 
water, cigars, candies, and the like, the appeals to turn his 
windows to account through well-paying advertisements, 
living or otherwise, the resurrection of celebrities of the 
past to preside over the cigar department, etc. In such 
a whirl of interests how can he be expected to give scien- 
tific pharmacy his first attention? He knows that infe- 
rior fruit syrups will be criticised more than inferior 
drugs. He knows that the cigar customer will not wait 
while the prescription is being compounded, so the latter 
has to. In short, the average pharmacist has to subor- 
dinate the scientific to the commercial. He is not wholly 
to blame. The conditions and usages which he has to 
face require it to a great degree. But we are led to say 
that, from our viewpoint, while the training of the phar- 
macist may be said to be simply deficient in character, the 
prominent features of the average drug store are an abom- 
ination. 

SOME THINGS THE PHARMACIST HAS TO ENDURE FROM 

THE DOCTOR. 

Our pharmacist further has to undergo a certain disci- 
pline. He has not only to consult the needs of the doctor 
but to humor his whims. He has to bear his criticisms, 
not always consistent or seasoned with charity, but does 
not usually trust to his own tact to retaliate profitably. 
He is aflFected, more than he sees fit to complain of, by 
the changing fashions and fads in medical practice. The 
doctor often does the experimenting at his expense. 
When he is asked to stock up with a high-priced new arti- 
cle he cannot refuse; but when, at the end of the 
year, he finds the stock lessened by the filling of 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



one prescription, he murmurs not, but the bal- 
ance in that transaction is on the wrong side of 
the ledger. His thoughts we will not reveal. But I do 
think that the educated and ethical pharmacist might be 
expected to regard with some contempt the physician who 
passes by the potent official preparations on his shelf, be- 
cause of ignorance of their action, or inability to properly 
prescribe them, but calls for one after another semi-pro- 
prietary mixture whose chief recommendation is its ex- 
tensive advertisement. What a short step to the sale of 
fully patented preparations. 

THE USE OF TABLETS AND A DECADENCE OF THE ART OF 

PRESCRIBING. 

These thoughts come so naturally in a discussion of 
this topic that I will presume upon your indulgence a lit- 
tle further. Legitimate pharmacy now for a number of 
years has had to endure serious competition from the 
tablet manufacturer /and his ubiquitous agent. We do 
not propose to discuss the comparative value of drugs in 
form of their liquid extracts or in the pleasanter tablet 
forms ; but it is evident that with certain drugs the use of 
tablets is to continue and must be accepted as a normal 
departure. But the use of tablets, as well as of other 
ready made combinations, encourages an unwholesome 
tendency to depend upon others for our formulae. 

And were I a pharmacist my bitterest reflection would 
be upon the decline of independent combining and pre- 
scribing on the part of physicians. Prescribing is des- 
tined to become a lost art unless our medical schools take 
warning and educate better along these lines. 

The decision against taking a college course is very 
often compelled by the meagemess of the ordinary clerk's 
salary. Indeed, small is the financial inducement to take 
a course of training which is optional, when after time 
and money is expended the probable income for years 
will not exceed twelve or fifteen dollars per week. 

It is said that all pharmacists save money. But that is 
due less to any large income or virtue on their part, than 
to the providential conditions which compel them to stick 
so closely to business that they haven't time to spend it. 

CO-OPERATION BETWEEN DOCTOR AND DRUGGIST. 

Now as to improvement in pharmacy. Every think- 
ing physician owes it to medical science as a whole to give 
serious thought to this subject. We cannot get along 
without pharmacy, much as we may condemn the prac- 
tice of the commercial pharmacist. You have doubtless 
seen in the foregoing remarks indications of a conviction 
that the medical profession is to some degree responsible 
for the present state of pharmacy. The writer is further 
convinced that no great improvement can occur without 
our thoughtful aid, and that the future usefulness of phar- 
macy requires a constant and considerable co-operation 
of physician and pharmacist. 

Our thought must extend in five directions : To the 
college, to legislation, to the pharmacist, to the store, and 
to ourselves. In the first two our aid must be less direct, 
but a brief allusion will indicate what should be our atti- 
tude. The colleges of pharmacy are probably as good as 
they are likely to be under present conditions. They have 
to provide an optional course of training for students who 
attend voluntarily, many of whom are obliged, for finan- 
cial reasons, to work in a drug store while attending. And 
let me state that there are many more ambitious young 
men who would gladly take a college course if there were 
sufficient opportunities for them to aid themselves in such 
way, but who are obliged to content themselves with a 
license granted by a board of pharmacy, and they aid to 
swell the ranks of the less ethical because less educated 
pharmacists. 



OBLIGATORY COLLEGE TRAINING. 

Pharmacy has reached that stage of educational prog- 
ress when a college training should be required by law. 
Medicine passed that stage many years ago and should 
now encourage and aid pharmacy to secure the benefits of 
such legislation. The result of such a law would be 
fewer pharmacists and better colleges, the devel- 
opment of the professional and lessening of the commer- 
cial spirit, and this is what physicians should always fos- 
ter. I believe no step could result in as great improve- 
ment in a short time as the enactment of laws making a 
college training obligatory upon the student of pharmacy. 

COLLEGE TRAINING SHOULD BE BROAD. 

The objection will be here raised that the colleges will 
teach too much of the use of medicines and make counter 
prescribers of their graduates. I do not fear this for one 
moment. And I repeat^ for the sake of emphasis, what 
appears earlier in the paper, that the little knowledge of 
medicine possessed by the commercial pharmacist is a 
dangerous thing, but that the greater knowledge pos- 
sessed by the professional man is a safeguard against the 
improper use of his knowledge. This must be just as 
true here as in medicine, where the better training in a 
special line leads to a practice restricted to that line. The 
college training should therefore be as broad as is possi- 
ble within proper limits. One thing in addition to the 
essentials seems specially important. That is the study 
of hygiene. A knowledge of the infectious and of proper 
sanitation would render him a valuable coadjutor to the 
physician in his community, where an intelligent public 
sentiment is so often wanting. 

THERE ARE PROFESSIONAL PH.\RM AGISTS. 

Our thoughts for the improvement of the pharmacist 
are partly involved in our previous considerations. Fur- 
ther than that he should be regarded as the ally and equal 
of the physician and as possessing in some directions 
knowledge and skill superior to the physician. Through- 
out this paper free use is made of the terms commercial 
and professional as applied to pharmacy and pharmacist. 
Are they not ^^d terms to employ? They will tend to 
preserve in our minds the distinction between what phar- 
macy largely is to-day and what it should be. They will 
aid in discriminating between what should be aided and 
what should be discouraged. And we must remember 
that there are professional pharmacists. There is great 
need of more. 

PROFESSIONAL PHARMACIES. 

The same distinction will apply to stores. And we 
must remember that there are also professional pharma- 
cies. In some cities there are strictly legitimate prescrip- 
tion pharmacies and there might be in every city or town, 
with the aid of the medical profession. With a knowl- 
edge of present conditions it is entirely proper, if not in- 
deed a duty, for the physicians to discriminate between 
stores for the compounding and dispensing of their pre- 
scriptions. Whatever the future has in store for phar- 
macy, a thoughtful regard and co-operation on the part of 
physicians would probably lead to two kinds of stores — 
the professional, where chief attention would be given to 
compounding prescriptions, and to commercial stores, 
where soda-water, cigars and proprietaries might be sold, 
scissors sharpened, bicycles mended, or anything you 
please. 

INFLUENCE OF MEDICINE UPON PHARMACY. 

In introducing our final direction of thought — ^toward 
ourselves, permit me to quote from the first part of the 
paper the following : " Pharmacy naturally looks to med- 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



icine for her ideals. Is she disappointed ? " Our influ- 
ence upon pharmacy, by our personal attitude toward the 
pharmacist, is inevitable. Our own ethical standard tends 
to determine his. Due courtesy toward him, therefore, 
will command a more careful attention to our needs, not 
upon the ground of policy, but because his standard of 
action is raised. On the other hand an inconsiderate be- 
havior on our part will tend to make his assistance in our 
practice only perfunctory, and will degrade the standard 
of his service. Our conception of professional ethics 
should be such as to lead us to treat with the utmost fair- 
ness and courtesy any one who is engaged in applying to 
any branch of medical science a skill supposedly equsd to 
our own in any direction. 



xDIPHTHERIA ANTITOXIN AND ITS RECOG- 

NITION BY THE UNITED STATES 

PHARMACXJPOEIA/ 

By Joseph W. England, 

Pbiladelphia. 

AT the meeting of your association in Richmond in May, 
1900, the writer read a paper urging the pharmacopoeial 
recognition of diphtheria antitoxin. Since that time a 
new edition of the German Pharmacopoola has been issued, 
and for the, first time in the history of pharmacopoeias, 
diphtheria antitoxin has been recognized. 

The importance of the official recognition of antitoxin can- 
not be overestimated. Fortunately antitoxin has been pre- 
pared In the past by reliable firms, but the only way to safe- 
guard its quality in the future and prevent unscrupulous firms 
marketing spurious products is to officially recognize it, fol- 
lowing somewhat the lin6s of requirements of the German 
Pharmacopoeia. 

This authority, after defining diphtheria antitoxin as " blood 
serum from horses immunized against diphtheria poison," 
provides for a njanner of testing and selling. It requires also 
that a vial of the liquid shall be labeled with the name of the 
maker, the content of immunizing units in each cubic centi- 
meter, and the total number of units in each vial. The liquid 
has the odor of the preservative (trlkresol or phenol), and must 
not contain more than a alight precipitate. The serums are 
all numbered by governmental authority and after their num- 
bers have been called in are not allowed to be dispensed. 

It will be noted especially that the content of immunizing 
units in each cubic centimeter and the total number of units 
in each vial are required to be stated on the label. This is an 
admirable provision, and, with the official recognition of anti- 
toxin by the United States Pharmacopceia, it should be re- 
quired. It is to the credit of the American manufacturers 
that one of their number was the first In the world to protect 
the quality of antitoxin by dating each package with its 
"life," so that old or weakened antitoxin could not be ad- 
ministered. The numbering system of the German Pharma- 
copoeia does not compare' in simplicity and efficiency with 
the dating system. . . . 

Briefly, diphtheria antitoxin i4S prepared by a reaction be- 
tween the tissues of horses and Injected diphtheria toxins, 
whereby an antitoxin Is formed. To prepare the toxins, diph- 
theria bacilli are grown in faintly alkaline bouillon; toxins 
are produced, and the bacilli are killed by the addition of 
trlkresol, and their dead bodies filtered out. 

The strength of the toxin solution is- determined by its 
Injection into guinea pigs, and It is then injected In gradually 
increasing amounts into horses, until trial bleedings demon- 
strate that the animal will produce antitoxin of sufficient 
strength to be valuable, when full bleedings are made, this 
period being from four to six months. The blood Is collected 
in sterile bottles, set aside for a time to clot, and the serum 
is pipetted off and preserved with trlkresol. The serum is 
then standardized, the standardization being expressed In Im- 
munizing units. A unit is the amount of antitoxin necessary 
to protect a standard weight guinea pig (one-half pound in 
weight) against 100 times its minimum fatal dose of toxin. 
The finished product Is placed In glass tubes, containing from 
260 to 600 units to each Gc, and hermetically sealed. 

In the making of this diphtheritic antidote the natural 
processes that take place In a human body infected with diph- 
theria are duplicated in the horse, with this difference: That 



^ Read before the St. LoqIb meeting of the American Pharmacentlcal 
Association, held September 19, 1901. 



in the human body the diphtheria organisms multiply with 
almost unthinkable rapidity and as rapidly" develop virulently 
poisonous toxins (which are the causes that bring about death), 
while in the horse its body is not infected by the diphtheria 
bacilli at all, but, subjected to a toxin free from bacteria, de- 
velops an antitoxin capable of combatting diphtheria and its 
effects in the human body In the same manner as does the 
body itself. 

In other words, when antitoxin Is used in the treatment of 
diphtheria the natural immunity of the human body is greatly 
Increased, Just as we may give certain enzymes— diastase, pep- 
sin, pancreatln, papoid, etc.,— to fortify the natural digestive 
processes. 

Commercially, antitoxin is sold In this country in vials 
containing either (1) over 250 units In each Gc. or (2) over 600 
units In each Gc. In Germany, according to the German Phar- 
macopoeia, it is sold in vials containing a total of from 100 
to 3,()00 units, the general range of doses in Germany being 
from 200 to 1,500 units, antitoxin containing over 800 units to 
each Gc. being called high potency antitoxin. 

DOSE AND USES. 

In this country much more successful results In reducing 
the mortality rate in diphtheria have been achieved than in 
foreign lands, and this has been brought about by the fact 
that American physicians inject antitoxin earlier In the dis- 
ease and inject a far larger number of units. The death rate 
from diphtheria abroad is fully 10 per cent; in this country it 
is one-half this. Where the Germans, for example, Inject 
usually from 200 to 1,500 units, the Americans have been using 
from 500 to 1,(X)0 units for immunizing doses, and from 1,000 
to 8,(X)0 units for curative doses, doubled in quantity at the 
second injection If necessary, the trend of practice being dis- 
tinctly toward still higher doses; and the results of the Amer- 
ican practice speak for themselves In Its cutting of the death 
rate in two. 

The advantage of using high potency antitoxin rests In the 
fact that smaller volumes are required for injection, and the 
less the volume the more rapid the absorption. While the 
high potency antitoxin weakens more quickly than the low 
potmcy, it can lose a much larger number of units and still 
remain much more effective than a weakened low potency 
serum. The disadvantages of using very high potency serums 
(1. e., 600 units and over to each Gc.) rests In the fact that as 
few horses yield it the supply is Limited. American physicians 
use very high potency serum for very grave cases and the 
lower potency serum for average cases. The supply of anti- 
toxin containing 250 or 800 units to each Gc. is practically 
unlimited. If the Pharmacopoeia recognizes diphtheria anti- 
toxin. It would sem to be the part of wisdom to follow the 
general trend of medical practice toward larger doses, and 
require not less than 250 or 300 units in each C!c., and more 
if practicable. In this way the usual dose of from 2 to 8 or 
10 Gc. would represent from 5(X) to 3,(X)0 units or more. 

It must not be forgotten that the basis of value in an anti- 
toxin Is always the number of units it contains. At the same 
time good medical practice demands that the volume of 
liquid to be injected should not be too large, should be uniform 
in amount, and should be uniform In unit strength, so that no 
matter what make of antitoxin was used, the same volume 
of liquid would always contain the same number of units. 

THE LIMIT TO TBE DOSE. 

The limit of dose of antitoxin that may be safely admin- 
istered has never been definitely fixed. In a most Interesting 
and instructive paper by Dr. John H. McGollom, of the Boston 
Glty Hospital, entitled "A Plea for Larger Doses of Anti- 
toxin," published in the Medical and Surgical Report of the 
Boston Glty Hospital for 1900, he reports upon 5,000 cases of 
diphtheria in which were employed injections of from 6,000 
to 10,(X)0 units as initiatory doses, repeated every four hours* 
and as much as 60,000 to 100,000 units administered in from 
12 to 24 hours. 

In the class of apparently hopeless cases, where further 
or any administration of antitoxin has been heretofore thought 
to be futile. It has proven beyond a question of doubt, by Dr. 
McGollom, that antitoxin has a positive value and should be 
administered In all stages of the disease. It matters not how 
advanced or severe the conditions may be, antitoxin should 
be administered in large doses, frequently repeated. The 
absolute safety to the patient of large doses of antitoxin has 
been demonstrated. 

Probably one of the most frequent Inquiries made by phy- 
siclans is, how much antitoxin is It safe to administer? In 
reply to this it may be stated, as proven by the experiments 
of Dr. McGollom, from 500 to 100,000 units in 12 to 24 hours, 
the initiatory dose being from 2,000 to 10,000 units, according 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



to the Beverity of the type. A repetition of the dose should be 
made at Intervals of not less than 4 to 6 hours or more often 
If necessary. The treatment being perfectly harmless, there 
can be no danger of over administration; the only danger 
lies In. insufficient amounts being administered. 

THB IMtfUNIZINO DOSE. 

For immunizing the dose is from 500 to 1,000 units. Chil- 
dren require as large a dosage as adults, since they are much 
more susceptible to the disease. 

In order to get the best results with antitoxin It should 
be administered as early in the disease as possible. 

The following interesting laboratory experiments, demon- 
strate the necessity of administering sufficient antitoxin, or 
else no beneficial results will be noted: 

Where 10 units of antitoxin have saved from death a guinea 
pig poisoned with toxin, 9 units of the same serum, used under 
the same conditions, with a guinea pig of the same family 
and weight, have failed to save life. 

This Illustration is merely pointed out as a cause why it is 
that when an insufficient dosage of the remedy has been ad- 
ministered there is no apparent benefit from the treatment. 

Another feature is interesting, likewise, and that is the 
necessity of administering double the amount when the dose 
is repeated. In diphtheria there is an active bacillus develop- 
ing and growing at a rapid rate. When an insufficient amount 
of antitoxin is administered, by the time a repetition of the 
dose is made a sufficient time has elapsed for this bacillus to 
increase and multiply and develop toxins, which latter arc 
rapidly absorbed by the system, and the conditions are as bad, 
if not worse, than they were at the time injections were first 
made. Consequently the same amount of a second injection 
would not be of benefit, whereas double the amount of anti- 
toxin would probably overcome and neutralize the toxin^. 

THB PBESEKVATION OF ANTITOXIN. 

Antitoxin should be kept in a moderately cool place, ice 
chest preferred, and it should be kept from exposure to light. 

Antitoxin has a tendency to gradually lose strength, and 
for this reason should be dated with the date when it is to 
be returned for fresh stock. The usual life of an antitoxin, 
before it begins to deteriorate to any appreciable extent, is 
about six months. 

Should antitoxin be administered after the expiration of 
the time that it should have been returned, its administration 
would be perfectly safe, but the product would not be of 
full strength, and with a life-saving remedy no hazardous 
risks should be taken. 



DRUGGISTS* COURSE IN OPTICS 

G>iidfictcd by C H* Bfowa» VLD^ 

President of the PhlUdelphia Optical College 

This series of papers is designed to furnish information wkiek 
is required by druggists for the intelligent handling of a line 
of optical goods. The first of the series appeared in our issue 
for September 24, igoo. 

THa PHYSIOLOGY OF VISION. 

THE eye is certainly the most useful, as it is the most 
wonderful, of all our organs of special sense. The 
organs of touch, taste and smell, in order to perform 
their functions, must be placed in actual contact with the 
foreign substances which excite their activity ; but the 
sense of sight is not so limited, but is equally sensitive 
to the impressions of light, whether it comes from an 
object close at hand or from the immeasurable distances 
of the fixed stars. 

The eye is in more direct communication with the 
brain and mind than is any other organ, and thus it often 
expresses the strongest passions and the most tumultuous 
emotions, as well as the gentlest thoughts and most deli- 
cate sentiments. Much of this external intelligence that 
dwells in the eyes is marred in persons who §quint or 
who are near-sighted. How often are we influenced in 



our judgment of the character of others whom we meet 
for the first time by the expression of their eyes. 

The cavity of the eye-ball is like a room with but one 
window, where all the light which enters must come from 
the front, and necessarily strikes the back wall of the 
apartment The construction of the eye-ball, in its gen- 
eral arrangement as an organ of vision, is very much 
like an optical instrument, and as such is subject to the 
same physical laws as govern any other optical instru- 
ment. Images of external objects are formed in the eye 
exactly as they are formed in a photographers' camera, 
where they fall upon a chemically sensitive plate and 
are made permanent by the chemical changes induced by 
light. In the eye they fall upon the nervously sensitive 
retina, and the impression they make is immediately con- 
veyed to the brain by the fibers of the optic nerve, so that 
it is reallv not the eye that sees, but the brain, as it is 
only after the brain takes cognizance of the image that 
is formed in the eye that the visual act is complete. 

The convex lens of the camera, which can be screwed 
in and out to receive clear images of objects at different 
distances, is represented in the eye by the crystalline lens, 
which has the faculty of changing its convexity, and thus 
accommodating the eye for far and near distances. The 
blackened inner surface of the camera is represented by 
the choroid, which lines the whole inner surface of the 
sclerotic with a dark pigment, and thus prevents reflec- 
tions within the eye and absorbs the excess of light which 
has passed through the substance of the retina. 

The conditions necessary for clear and satisfactory 
vision are as follows: 

I St. A well defined image must be formed on the 

retina at the yellow spot. 

2d. The impression there received must be conveyed 
quickly and directly to the brain. 

The optician is more particularly concerned in the 
first of these conditions, as it is his business to so correct 
existing optical defects as to make it possible for a dis- 
tinct image to be formed upon the retina. 

But if, after a perfect image is formed, the conduct- 
ing power of the nerve is so much impaired as to be 
incapable of conveying the impression of the image to 
the brain, then the case passes beyond the province of 
the optician, and requires treatment at the hands of the 

oculist. 

If either the conducting function of the optic nerve 
or the perceptive function of the retina should be abol- 
ished, there would be no vision at all ; but when the retina 
and optic nerve are healthy, the quality of vision depends 
entirely upon the transparency of the refracting media 
and upon the perfection'of the optical images which they 
form. Vision may, therefore, be imperfect either because 
the refracting media of the eye have lost their trans- 
parency, or because the images cast upon the retina are 
blurred by some optical defect. 

THE REFRACTING MEDIA. 

The refracting media of the eye are the cornea, the 
aqueous humor, the crystalline lens and the vitreous 

humor. 

The cornea is capable in a twofold manner of re- 
fracting and converging the rays of light that fall upon 
and traverse it; it affects them first by its density, and 
in the second place by its convexity. After the ray of 
light has passed through the cornea it next^ traverses the 
aqueous humor, which humor affects the ray but very 
little, its chief use being to maintain the proper convexity 
of the cornea, and at the same time to furnish a medium 
in which the movements of the iris can take place. 

In regard to the vitreous it may be said that its prin- 
cipal use appears to be to give the proper distention to 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



the globe of the eye-^ball, and also to keep the surface of 
the retina at the proper focal distance from the lens. 

The crystalline lens is the most important refractory 
medium of the eye ; it acts, by virtue of its double convex 
form, as a converging lens, bringing to a focus the lumi- 
nous rays that pass through it. 



STORE MANAGEMENT. 

Coodu d ed by W. A. Dawiocu 
In addition topudlishin^ a series of articles covering the commer- 
cial side of pharmacy, the editor oj this department will en- 
deavor to discuss, criticise, advise and give information on 
any question pertaining to the business management of the 
drug store propounded by readers of the Ameucan Dkuogist. 
This feature oJ the department is intended U> constitute a busi- 
ness query column for the readers of the Ambucan Druggist, 
amd all queries regarding business matters addressed to it will 
be freely answered. 

THE NEW YEAR. 

NOW that the rush of business consequent upon the 
holidays is over, this is a good time to plan store 
improvements. A rearrangement of the store fittings, a 
new show case or two and a general refurbishing of the 
whole interior of the shop and laboratory will help busi- 
ness by showing patrons that the proprietor is alive and 
up to the times. 

The new year is also the season that seems most ap- 
propriate to the making of new plans, new resolutions and 
new improvements; all mankind feels in some degree a 
desire to be better and do better at the beginning of a 
new year than at any other time. There is no proprietor 
of a pharmacy but what has in mind some improvements 
in his establishment that he intends to make " some day ; " 
let this be a reminder that there is no better time to carry 
out those intentions than at the beginning of the new 
year. 

NEW IDEAS IN STORE FURNISHINGS. 

This department has lately received from the various 
makers of store fixtures advertising in the American 
Druggist their catalogues, depicting and describing the 
latest ideas in modern store furnishing. These catalogues 
are rich in suggestion and information for the pharma- 
cist who contemplates making any changes in his store 
fittings, whether it be the addition of a new show case 
of simple design or the installation of an elaborate set of 
new fixtures running into the thousands of dollars in cost. 

The Department of Store Management is always 
ready to offer suggestions and advice to pharmacists who 
are contemplating changes in store arrangement or fit- 
tings, and will be glad to criticise and advise on any plan 
submitted to it. We have on file the catalogues of nearly 
every maker of store fittings in all lines, as well as those 
who make a specialty of fitting up drug stores. We are 
also in possession of the catalogues of makers of display 
fixtures, office fittings, makers of specialties for window 
trims, card writing, etc., so that we are in a position to 
give information as to where a certain style or make of 
article used in store furnishing or decoration may be 
obtained. 

' filing prescriptions. 

Apropos of the Subscribers' Discussion on the best 
method of filing prescriptions announced in the last issue 
of the American Druggist^ it is a noteworthy circum- 
stance to me that in the pharmacies to which I have had 
access in my career I have yet to see the pharmacy do- 



ing a large prescription business that does not file its 
prescriptions by pasting them in a book. Every once in a 
while some pharmaceutical genius who is young at the 
business invents a prescription file that is a marvel of 
simplicity and convenience, but they never seem to take 
to any great extent, for the reason that nothing will 
stand the wear and tear of a large business like a book. 

holiday trade. 

This year's holiday trade has again strongly impressed 
me with the fact that the man who does a large business 
is the one who makes adequate preparation for a big 
business. 

For the past eight years, in the store with which I 
am connected, we have made a special bid for holiday 
trade, each season making greater preparations than the 
preceding year and increasing the amount of business 
done. Holiday trade, however, like any other trade, must 
be built up. You cannot jump in and do a 'big business 
the first year you go at it. It is cumulative in effect and 
each year advertises the store for the next year until peo- 
ple are educated up to the fact that you always have a 
fine display of goods suitable for gifts and get into the 
habit of calling to inspect your stock each season before 
purchasing their presents. Its advertising value to the 
store is considerable, for, besides getting people who are 
not regular aistomers to visit the store, some of whom 
are sure to become regular patrons, it brings in trade 
from the country and smaller towns for miles around, and 
thus introduces the store to an ever widening clientele. 
As another result we havfe found that our year round 
trade in the fancy goods stock is constantlyon the increase 
and that we are every year stocking a higher grade of 
goods in this line. Seldom a week passes the whole 
year round that does not record the sale of a high priced 
bit of cut glass or sterling silver for a wedding or birth- 
day gift. The demand for articles suitable for prizes 
for social parties and for euchre and whist clubs con- 
tinues steady all through the winter season. 

The strong point. of our holiday campaign is always 
our window trims, and no reasonable amount of time and 
money is spared to have them well worth coming a good 
ways to look at. We have the display ready early in 
December, and simultaneously begin our advertising. The 
main argument of all our advertising at this season being 
the constant repetition in many ways of " Come and look 
at our show windows," " Our show windows are one of 
the sights of the town, you will miss something if you 
do not see them." The local papers send around re- 
porters to write a description of the display, and all this, 
together with the prestige gained by the displays in 
former years, brings the people of the town and a good 
many from outside to the store. The materials for this 
year's trim cost less than twenty dollars, and consider- 
ing that the month's sales exceeded those of previous 
years by nearlv a thousand dollars, it was very cheap 
advertising. 

Readers are invited to submit photographs of their pre^ 
scription laboratories or any part of them, or a de- 
scription of any interesting detail of their arrange- 
ment, for publication in this department. For a 
' good clear print, suitable for reproduction by the 
half-tone process, $i.oo will be paid. The dollar we 
offer is not intended as a prize or an award for a 
good picture, but simply to repay the sender in some 
degree for the trouble or expense involved in the 
taking of the picture. Photographs may be un- 
mounted and should be sent to the department 
editor, IV. A. Dawson, Hempstead, N. Y. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



Cream of Current Literature 

A •umm«ry of the leading Articles In contemporary pharmeceutlcal periodieele. 



L^nioo Pharmaccttt qtiCf December* 

Borated Dioxide of Hydrogen. By L. Delaye. — 
Hydrogen dioxide contains a marked proportion of min- 
eral acid which is often very irritating. The addition of 
boric acid has been suggested to neutralize this eflfect. 
To prepare a solution of hydrogen dioxide of this char- 
acter Delaye proceeds as follows: He takes a commer- 
cial product, determines its volumetric strength and neu- 
tralizes it completely. He effects this neutralization by 
the addition of a few drops of a i in 30 alcoholic solu- 
tion of phenolphthalein, and then, by adding small frag- 
ments of pure caustic soda until the liquid assumes a 
faintly pink color. Immediately thirty parts in a thou- 
sand of boric acid are dissolved in the cold solution. The 
liquid thus obtained is clear, colorless and almost taste- 
less, although it is clearly acid in reaction when tested 
with litmus paper. It may be used as a mouth wash for 
a long time undiluted without producing any disagree- 
able effect and has all the properties of hydrogen dioxide 
prepared in the ordinary manner. Preserved in well 
stoppered bottles its stability is not less than that of ordi- 
nary hydrogen dioxide solution. 

BuUetln Gmiincrcial, November. 

The Passage of Wines through the Fresh Residue 
of Grapes. By Dr. P. Carles. — ^The vintage of the past 
year has been collected in some parts of the world under 
deplorable conditions, and in order to get a better return 
of wine the expedient of passing the wine through the 
residue of grapes and thus increasing the amount pro- 
duced has been adopted in some localities. It has been 
known for a long time, perhaps for centuries, that the 
passage of old wine that has spoiled, become moldy, bit- 
ter, viscid, etc., can cure the trouble, and restore the wine. 
The residue must be taken from healthy grapes, which 
must not have been spoiled by heat, mildew or decay. 
If this precaution be not taken the old wine will be 
spoiled. The residue of grapes must also be deprived 
of its scum, in which mother of vinegar abounds, and it 
must be deprived of its wine by draining only, and not 
by pressure. 

Repertoire de Pharmacif, December. 

The Disinfection of Patients' Linen. By Dr. M. P. 
Carles. — ^According to the sanitary regulations of France 
the Bed clothes, etc., in a case of infectious disease are 
removed and sterilized by steam without any preparatory 
treatment. Such linen always shows spots which cannot 
be washed out by any means. These spots are caused 
by heat, which coagulates the proteids of the blood, pus 
or other secretions of the body. These coagulative ma- 
terials become fixed in the finest meshes of the tissue and 
form almost a part of the fabric, so that nothing can re- 
move them. This coagulation must, therefore, be 
avoided. For this purpose one must remove the proteid 
substances, and this can be accomplished by cold water 
or by water heated below 70 degrees, containing a non- 
coagulating antiseptic. The go<xl antiseptics which cor- 
respond to this requirement are limited. The two sub- 
stances which can serve in this manner are corrosive 
mercuric chloride and mercuric cyanide. In order to 
counteract the coagulation produced by mercuric chloride 
sodium chloride must be added to the solution, but still 
it does not give such good results as the cyanide. The 
latter is the best disinfectant for the preliminary washing 



of such infected linen. The only disadvantage is that 
it is a strong poison. In order to avoid mistakes the 
solution should be colored with indigo or potassium 
chromate. 

Elixir of Paregoric. By L. Daraignez. — ^The author 
discovered in the Codex an error in 3ie account of the 
preparation of this elixir. The formulae published in 
Dorvault's Dispensatory (L'Officine), and in the Formu- 
laries of Dujardin-Beaumetz, Yvon, Bouchardat, and 
even in Littre's Dictionary, call for 3 Gm. of extract of 
opium, 650 Gm. of vehicle (alcohol, 60 per cent.), but 
the label or signature states that 10 Gm. of this mixture 
contain 5 centigrammes of extract of opium. If these 
proportions are correct, the vehicle should be reduced to 
600 Gm. 

Tartrated Tincture of Iron. By Gaston Pegurier. — 
This preparation has been allowed to sink into oblivion 
of late, but it is sometimes prescribed. The tartrate of 
iron and potassium is one of the best forms of adminis- 
tering a soluble iron preparation. In the Codex of 1866 
the tincture was prepared by causing a reaction between 
iron filings, cream of tartar and water, at first in the 
cold, then in a warm solution, after which 90 per cent, 
alcohol was to be added. The supplement to the new Co- 
dex entirely changed this modus operandi, and prescribed 
that the double tartrate of iron and potassium be dis- 
solved in distilled water only. This formula does not 
describe a tincture, as the menstruum is not alcoholic in 
any degree. The Codex, in addition, tells us to preserve 
this tincture, when it cannot be preserved for any length 
of time in the manner in which it is prepared. Unfor- 
tunately, the double salt is insoluble in alcohol, and very 
slightly soluble in dilute alcohol. The author therefore 
recommends that a new formula be adopted in the Codex, 
prescribing an extemporaneous preparation, instead of 
the stock tincture. It would be best, however, to sup- 
press the formula entirely, as the French Codex contains 
a very much better preparation of the same salt, the 
syrup of ferric potassium tartrate. 

BoUettiiio Chlmico Farmaceutlco, November* 

On the Clinical Determitration of the Presence of 
Sugar in the Urine by Orthonitrophenylpropionic acid. 
By Guglielmo Buini. — The author used this reaction with 
success for two years, and found it sufficiently exact for 
clinical purposes. The reaction is obtained as follows, 
according to Hayeni : The reagent used is a 0.5 per cent, 
solution of orthonitrophenylpropionic acid in a 10 per 
cent, solution of caustic soda. Five Cc. of this reagent 
are allowed to boil with 10 drops of the urine to be 
tested. If the liquid shows a dark blue color then the 
urine contains at least 0.5 per cent, of glucose, or a quan- 
tity of reducing substances which equals that amount of 
glucose. The advantages of this reaction are as follows : 
(i) The reagent may be preserved indefinitely without 
any change. (2) The examination may be conducted 
with a few drops of urine. (3) The presence of albumin 
has no effect upon the reaction. 

The author found that when ten drops of urine were 
used there was a well marked blue color, first appearing 
as a greenish tinge, but only when the urine contains 
more than one-half of one per cent, of glucose this re- 
action is constantly obtained, while when less glucose is 
present we have to increase the number of drops. A 



20 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



small quantity of glucose gives only a greenish tinge, 
larger amounts give a blue color, which may also form 
if the mixture be cooled. In order to obtain this reaction 
it is generally necessary to boil the contents of the test 
tube for over half a minute, according to the rapidity 
with which the liquid changes color. When the urine 
begins to boil it is usually light yellow, then becomes 
reddish yellow, and gradually changes to greenish, and 
blue. In order to obtain the reaction more sharply the 
author used chloroform, a solvent of indigotin. The 
chloroform is added to the cooled greenish liquid, and 
the whole well shaken and allowed to stand. The chloro- 
form will be found colored a beautiful violet color. The 
chloroform should be added as soon as the liquid is 
cooled, for the access of oxygen destroys the reaction. 
In the absence of glucose the urine remains yellow, and 
the chloroform does not become colored. 

Albumin, peptone, albumose, uric acid, hippuric acid, 
pigments, various salts, including the hyposulphites con- 
tained in the urine of dogs, are not affected by this re- 
agent. There are, however, some substances, such as 
kreatinin, that react with the indican reaction, but this 
only takes place when 30 drops or more are used. 

The Purity of Quinine Bisulphate. By E. Carlin- 
fanti. — In all the recent treatises on pharmaceutical 
chemistry the test recommended for the differentiation 
of pure quinine bisulphate from mixtures of other cin- 
chona alkaloids is the ammonia test of Kerner. This 
method is also prescribed in all the pharmacopoeias, ex- 
cept the recent edition of the British. The test in ques- 
tion, however, does not take into account our recent 
knowledge concerning the solubility of the various salts 
of quinine, and the conversion of these salts into the 
neutral sulphate. The various methods proposed for this 
conversion included the solution of the neutral sulphate 
of quinine, together with the salts of potassium, sodium 
and ammonium, derived from the salts operated upon. 
These inorganic salts exercise a marked influence over 
the solubility of the neutral sulphate, and can change 
the amount of ammonia required to precipitate or re- 
dissolve a certain quantity of neutral sulphate. In order 
to evade this inconvenience the author devised the fol- 
lowing method of converting bisulphate into neutral sul- 
and ammonium, derived from the salts operated upon, 
its water of crystallization and dissolved in from 15 to 
20 Cc. of water. The solution is poured into a separator 
and shaken with 100 Cc. of ether, to which a slight excess 
of caustic soda solution has previously been added. The 
two layers, having been allowed to separate, the alkaline 
aqueous portion is decanted, and the ethereal solution is 
washed three times with small quantities of water, after 
which it is filtered and distilled, and a second extraction 
is performed on the distillate. The alkaloid thus re- 
covered is dissolved in absolute alcoh6l, and to it are 
added 1.49 Gm. of quinine bisulphate, and enough alcohol 
to make up the quantity evaporated. The solution is now 
evaporated on the water bath to dryness, the residue is 
dried, and Kerner's test is proceeded with upon the neu- 
tral sulphate thus obtained. 

Citrate of Iron and Quinine, By Bernardino Tei. — 
The following formula has given very good results in 
the author's hands: Fifty Gm. of ferric citrate are dis- 
solved in enough boiling water, and to this is added a 
filtered solution of 5 Gm. of quinine citrate and y2 Gm. 
of citric acid, until a complete solution has been ob- 
tained. The two solutions united in this manner are 
then evaported over a mild heat until a syrupy liquid is 
obtained. This liquid is spread upon glass plates, dried. 



and removed by scraping the scales off. These scales 
are of garnet color, very soluble, and hygroscopic. 

Archtv der Pharmade, VoL 239, No. 8* 

The Resins of Balsam of Copaiba. By E. Keto. — 
The results of the author's extensive series of investiga- 
tions on copaiba balsam show that the balsams of co- 
paiba and illurin correspond closely to those of the co- 
niferae in chemical properties. They consist of ethereal 
oils, resenes, so-called resin-acids, and small quantities 
of bitter principles. The relative proportion of these 
elements cannot be determined on account of the inti- 
mate manner in which they are mixed, and of the easy 
solubility they bear toward one another. The bulk of 
the balsams consists of ethereal oil, the indifferent 
resins occur in smaller quantities, and the resinous acids 
may be estimated at about 10 per cent, in the Para va- 
riety, and from 30 to 40 per cent, in the Maracaiba 
variety. The illurin balsams show such close resem- 
blance to the genuine copaiba balsams that they are 
probably derived from a closely related species. In two 
samples the author found illurinic acid. On the other 
hand, he was unable to find in any sample the copaibic 
acid of Schweitzer-Rose or the metacopaibic acid of 
Strauss. 

Contributions to the Study of Emulsin. By Dr. G. 
Hent. — The author found that amygdalin is not decom- 
posed by a ^2 to I per cent, solution of malic acid. A 
solution of this kind, however, if mixed with i per cent 
pepsin will rapidly attack slices of egg albumin and dis- 
solve the latter. The use of a J/2 to i per cent, solution 
of malic acid diminishes but does not destroy the influ- 
ence of amygdalin upon emulsin. 

The Composition of Sweet Raisin JVines. By Dr. 
Aug. Schneegans. — These wines are prepared by mincing 
raisins, covering them with water and fermenting carefully. 
The amount of water is so regulated that at the completion 
of the fermentation a sweet wine results. No artificial 
addition is used. The wines are perfectly clear and have 
a dark, reddish brown color. The author examined three 
samples. The first and second were prepared from dif- 
ferent varieties of currants, the third from Thyra raisins. 
The latter come from Asia Minor, and are not seedless, 
like the currants, and therefore the wine is more astrin- 
gent. The proportion of alcohol to glycerin in sample i 
was 100 to 11.20; in sample 2, 100 to 10.97; in sample 
3, 100 to 8.69. Hence the formation of glycerin takes 
place in these wines during fermentation in the same pro- 
portion as in the ordinary wines. 

The Synthesis of Alpha and Gamma Quinolines. By 
R. Camps. — An article dealing with the chemical rela- 
tions of these compounds. 

The Effects of Oxidation by Copper Salts, By Ed. 
Scauer. — This paper treats of the oxidising properties of 
certain copper solutions that can be utilized in the de- 
tection of minute quantities of copper. The guaiacum 
copper reaction for hydrocyanic acid, introduced some 
years ago by Schoenbein, is an example of this kind. The 
author tested the effects of copper salts in oxidizing vari- 
ous substances, especially in the presence of cyanides. 
The cyanides increase the capacity of copper salts to 
oxidize, by virtue of chemical properties. On the other 
hand, the author found that certain strong starch-reduc- 
ing substances and certain colloidal metals have the 
property of increasing the oxidizing power of copper 
salts by their mere presence or contact, — a phenomenon 
that has not yet been explained. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



II 



Pharmacetilical Toonal, December. 

Pharmacists in Literature, By John C. Sclater. — Sec 
American Druggist for December 23, pages 378-383. 
(December 7.) 

Notes on Pure Otto of Roses. By E, M. Holmes, 
F.L.S. — ^In this paper, which was read before the Phar- 
maceutical Society of Great Britain, Mr. Holmes touches, 
among other things, upon the influence of climate and 
soil as affecting the delicacy of the odor of otto of roses. 
That there is some influence in climate and in soil will 
not be doubted by any one who has cultivated roses. The 
more richly manured the soil and the moister the atmos- 
phere in summer the finer are the roses. There is at the 
present moment no absolutely reliable chemical or physi- 
cal means of ascertaining the amount of geraniol, or of 
Indian oil of geranium, that may be added by unscrupu- 
lous manufacturers or venders, either in the still before 
distillation or to the oil after distillation. An excess of 
white rose leaves, which are richer in stearoptene than 
the red leaves, may be added to the flowers before dis- 
tillation as a means of giving that crystalline appearance 
to otto of roses which is considered so good a criterion 
of its genuine character and freedom from adulteration. 
This addition might serve to cover the addition of Turk- 
ish oil of geranium. The Bulgarian otto of rose is pre- 
pared from a branching form of Rosa damascena, while 
the French otto of roses is obtained from a different 
species — ^viz., a slightly double form of Rosa, centifolia. 
The French otto gives the " white rose " perfume. It is 
well known that different roses have different perfumes, 
and if the odor of the fresh damask rose be compared 
with the Bulgarian otto, it will be found that the two are 
not absolutely identical. On this point Mr. Holmes says : 
" In Kasanlik and elsewhere I am informed it is known 
that the roses must be picked in the form of buds ready 
to expand, as exposure of the fully opened flowers to 
the air for a few hours results in the loss of perfume, the 
oil being situated, as shown by Blondel, in the epidermal 
cells of the upper and lower surface of the petals. On 
this account the buds, with the green calyx attached, are 
thrown into the stills. In gathering the roses a sticky 
substance adheres to and coats the fingers of the collect- 
ors. This is scraped off and made into small round balls 
of the size of marbles, and is used to mix with tobacco 
and give it a special aroma. For this purpose M. Mitow 
says it is chiefly used by the Arabs. 

There is no reliable test for the presence of geranium 
oil in otto of rose. To insure protection the oil should 
be purchased through a reliable source. The high priced 
genuine oil is in the end the cheapest, and the pure oil, 
freed from the odorless stearoptene, is cheaper than the 
oil containing an uncertain quantity of it, in spite of the 
enhanced price. The best method of testing the purity 
of the odor is probably by rubbing a drop of the otto 
with powdered starch or with chalk, or by placing a 
particle on a piece of blotting paper, and noting the 
changes in odor that it may or may not undergo during 
evaporation. A little practice soon enables one to recog- 
nize the odor of geranium oil, or of guaiacum wood, and 
the different characteristics of Bulgarian, French or Ger- 
man otto. (December 14.) 

The Official Test for Myrrh. By Henry G. Greenish. 
— ^The British Pharmacopoeia test for distinguishing 
myrrh from bdellium and false myrrh has proved un- 
satisfactory in the hands of Professor Greenish, and he 
also finds objections to the methods of the pharmaco- 
pceias of other nations. The requirements of the U. S. 
Pharmacopoeia would be satisfactory, he considers, if 
the test were stated in greater detail. He suggests the 
following test, which he says insures accurate results: 



it 



Half a gramme of coarsely powdered myrrh, occa- 
sionally shaken during ten minutes, with 10 Cc of ether, 
should afford a filtrate, 2 Cc. of which should yield, when 
evaporated, a residue that is slowly colored violet by con- 
tact with the vapor of nitric acid." Professor Greenish 
has tried Parker's method of making a tincture of the 
drug, allowing a few drops to dry on filter paper, and 
drawing a glass rod, dipped in nitric acid, across the 
portion that had been moistened, when the violet or 
purple color is gradually produced — but prefers the 
method that he has suggested, and which is stated above. 

On the Preparation of Tincture of Nux Vomica, By 
Henry G. Greenish, F.I.C., and F. A. Upsher Smith. — 
The authors have investigated the cause of the precipi- 
tation that occurs in tincture of nux vomica, and suggest 
a remedy. The cause of the deposit is stated to be un- 
questionably fat, which is introduced in excessive quan- 
tity in the concentrated weak percolate, and although 
soluble at summer temperatures in the tinctures, is de- 
posited when the solvent powder of the menstruum is 
lowered by reducing the temperature. The authors, 
therefore, suggest a modification of the official process 
to get rid of the oil. The general conclusions reached 
by the authors are stated as follows: 

(1) That the tlnctnre of nux vomica prepared as offlciaUy 
directed may be bright at summer temperatures, but deposit 
when cooled. 

(2) That this deposit Is largely fatty matter. 

(3) That nux vomica seeds contain from 2.6 to 4.7 per cent, 
of fat. 

(4) That the precipitation of fat may be avoided by remov- 
ing fat from the concentrated weak percolate before mixing 
It with the reserve percolate. 

(5) That the removal of the fat Is best effected by evaporat- 
ing the weak percolate to one-third of Its volume, filtering 
through paper and continuing the evaporation to the volume 
given in the British Pharmacopoeia. 

(G) That the use of kaolin does not effect the removal of fflCt 
better than paper alone; Its use has the advantage that It 
hastens filtration. 

(7) That the loss of alkaloid resulting from filtration may 
be neglected. 

(8) That the resulting liquid extract, together with the 
tincture made from it, do not deposit fatty matter; a mixture 
prepared from the tincture is bright when made. 

(9) That the process of repercolatlon presents a product 
loaded with fat which cannot be removed by filtration 
through kaolin; moreover, the process Is a slow one. 

(10) That in our opinion the ofllclal method is the best for 
preparing the liquid extract, provided the Improvement sug- 
gested in conclusion (5) be adopted. 

(11) That a No. 20 powder is more suitable for percolating 
nnx vomica seeds than either a No. 40 or a No. 60 powder. 

(12) That the extract obtained from the modified liquid 
extract is easily red need to powder. 

We therefore suggest the following addition to the text of 
the British Pharmacopoeia, page 118, under Bxtractum Nucis 
VomlCEB Liquidum:— L. 11, bottom, delete the words " remove 
the alcohol by distillation; evaporate the residue. . . ." 
Insert "distil until the alcohol has been removed and the 
liquid is reduced to one-third of its original volume; filter 
when cold; evaporate the filtrate. . . ." 

The Apprentice Problem, From a Scottish Point of 
Vie7V, By W. Lyon. — Difficulty is being experienced 
among Scotch pharmacists in obtaining apprentices of 
desirable character, especially as regards education, etc., 
and this paper discusses the subject very fully. It has, 
however, only a slight interest for pharmacists in this 
country, where apprenticeship is unregulated by law. 



G>caliie and Quinine Spray, 

Cocftlne gr. ilJ 

Camphor fr- zt 

Quinine gr. x 

Oleic acid m. XXX 

Liquid paraffin to SJ 

DiMOlye and mix 



12 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



Q\ieries and Answers 

We mhtll be gUd, in this department, to respond to calls for informstlon on sll plisrinsceutic matters. 



To Remove Varnish. — E. R. — ^The application 
to the varnished surface of a paste made by the addition 
to powdered whiting of a strong solution of lye will be 
found effective. The paste should be applied with a 
brush. 

An Unusual Dose. — E. F. C. writes: "In your 
Queries and Answers Department for the issue of (Octo- 
ber 14, 1 90 1, the following prescription appeared for 
criticism : 

Amount in each dose. 

QuinlB. bisulphat, Jij grs. Ix 

8pt aether, nltrosi, Slv 3ij 

Tlnct. nucis vom, JIJ 31 

Kalli iodid. 5I 5bs 

Spto. frumentis, ad Oi about Siv 

M. fet signa : Si every three hours. 
Was the dose intended to be one ounce (Si) every three 
hours, as it is printed? This dose would be very ex- 
cessive unless in some exceptional cases." 

We find, on looking up the prescription, that an error 
was made in stating the quantity of quinine. In the 
original quinine 5i was ordered, but even with this 
modification the dose of the different ingredients seems 
unusually large, a point which was overlooked in our 
-criticism of the prescription. We should certainly hesi- 
tate about sending out a mixture each single dose of 
which contained a drachm of tincture of nux vomica and 
so large a single dose of quinine as 30 grains, particular- 
ly when such doses were to be taken thrice daily. 

Medicated Cocoanut Oil Soaps.— H. D. Com- 
pany. — ^The following series of formulas for soaps of the 
Icind named in your inquiry appeared in a recent issue of 
a Russian contemporary, the Farmatsevtitchesky Jour- 
nal: Herb soap — Cocoanut oil, 40 parts; powdered 
melilot, 4 parts; liquor sodae, 39 degrees B., 20 parts. 
Tannin soap — Cocoanut oil, 40 parts; liquor sodae, 20 
parts; tannin, 0.5 part. Pine soap — Cocoanut oil, 288 
parts; liquor sodse, 144 parts; pine oil, 12 parts; Russian 
turpentine (pinus sylvestri), 4 parts; green coloring, 
soluble in fats, i part. Sulphur soap — Cocoanut oil, 8 
parts: liquor sodse, 4 parts; sublimed sulphur, i part. 
Iodine soap — Cocoanut oil, 288 parts; liquor sodse, 144 
parts; potassium iodide (dissolved in 30 parts of water), 
12 parts. Birch tar soap — Cocoanut oil, 8 parts ; liquor 
sodse, 4 parts ; birch tar, i part. Creolin soap — Cocoanut 
oil, 20 parts ; liquor sodae, 10 parts ; creolin, i part. Ox- 
gall soap — Cocoanut oil, 600 parts; liquor sodae, 300 
parts; Russian turpentine, 10 parts; potassium bichro- 
mate (dissolved in 35 parts of water), 5 parts; ox-gall, 
72 parts; green coloring soluble in water, i part. The 
various combinations are to be saponified secundem 
artem. ^ 

" Red Albumen." — Various inquirers. — ^As was 
explained editorially in the American Druggist for De- 
cember 9, 1901, page 341, there is no substance known 
to the trade as a definite product bearing the name, red 
albumen, though dealers in albumen refer the title to 
blood albumen, probably for the reason that the blood 
from which the albumen is obtained is originally red in 
color, though the product itself is colorless. In fact, 
dealers in chemicals and dye-stuffs are now offering to 
supply the trade with red blood albumen, which is, how- 
ever, not the substance which has been recently brought 
to public notice under the name of red albumen, which 



is a fanciful name for a mixture of unknown composition 
that has been advertised as a nutritive food for hens 
by the U. S. Salyx Company, of New Concord, Ohio, 
which has notified the trade not to sell blood albumen 
when " red albumen " is ordered. This company, by the 
way, have gained a somewhat unenviable reputation 
through the exploitation of other fancifully named sub- 
stances, such as " black pepsin,*' " per algretta," hyper- 
samphire, etc. The " black pepsin " fraud was exposed by 
the Division of Chemistry of the U. S. Department of 
Agriculture very soon after it was introduced a few 
years ago. " Black pepsin " was brought to the notice 
of the trade by methods very similar to those which have 
been adopted for the exploitation of " red albumen." We 
have not examined the '* red albumen " as sold by the 
U. S. Salyx Company, but have seen the statement that 
it consists of a mixture of ground oyster shells and red 
pepper. 

Toning: to Produce Carbon Effects. — E. E. 

R., Jr., asks us to print " a formula for treating paper to 
produce carbon effects." 

Assuming that the paper to be treated is sensitized 
albumen paper, a platinum toning solution is indicated. 
The following gives pure black tones on paper of the 
kind mentioned: 

Sodium acetate 2 drachms. 

Gk>ld chloride 4 grains. 

Platinum chloride 4 grains. 

Distilled water 2 pints. 

The solution should be allowed to stand over night 
before using. For use mix with equal parts of distilled 
water. The print should be rinsed in three or four 
changes of water before immersing it in the solution. 
After the required tone has been produced fix with hypo 
in the usual manner. 

Acid Preservative for Meat. — F. G. writes: 
'" Can you inform me what I must use with pyroligneous 
acid to make a compound for preserving meat and im- 
parting to it a smoky flavor ? Any information you may 
be able to give me will be appreciated." 

In these days of short cuts the old-fashioned process 
of smoking hams and other meats by exposing them to 
the products of combustion of slow-charring wood in 
the old-time smoke house is too slow, and it is becoming 
more and more the practice among meat curers to apply 
the " smoke " with a paint brush. The liquid commonly 
used is pyroligneous acid, but not the pyroligneous acid 
of commerce, which is deemed unfit for the purpose in- 
dicated. 

The more finely flavored hams are those which have 
been subjected to fumigation with the smoke of oak, 
birch or beech wood, while some famous ham-curers 
claim to use only the smoke from beech-nuts. It can 
be seen, then, that if one wishes to prepare a satisfactory 
preservative he must exercise care in the selection of 
his pyroligneous acid. Acid produced by the destructive 
distillation of the woods named will probably give the 
best results, and the simplest way to make certain of a 
correctly flavored and uniform product is to do one's own 
distilling, or enter into an arrangement with some wood 
distiller for a uniform product made from a certain kind 
of wood. There are a number of large wood distilling 
plants in the Eastern States, some one of which probably 
distills from beech wood only, and which might for a 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



13. 



consideration furnish an acid containing the full content 
of creosote. Failing in this, one might take a pyro- 
ligneous acid lacking in the proper flavor and treat it 
with beech wood creosote. Beech wood creosote being 
soluble in 150 parts of water, is often used in aqueous 
solutions for imparting a smoky flavor to meat, but meat 
thus cured lacks the fuller flavor of meat which has been 
subjected to fumigation by the smoke arising from the 
combustion of beech wood, a fact which is easily com- 
prehended when it is borne in mind that the smoke con- 
tains other volatile compounds besides creosote, as does 
also pyroligneous add. 

Starch Gloss. — J. A. G. — Formulas for starch 
gloss, or glaze, are numerous. It is supplied in diflferent 
forms, as a liquid, powder, or molded into cakes. The 
powder variety consists usually of a mixture of powdered 
talcum and powdered white soap in varying proportions. 
The following formula is given in " Pharmaceutical 
Formulas," and the product is said to be popular in Eng- . 
land: 

Powdered talcum 3 oz. 

Powdered white soap 1 oz. 

This is put up in one drachm packets to retail at the 
equivalent of five cents, with the following label : 

Directions.-— Take a piece of new dry flannel and dip it 
into the glaze-powder; rub it well over the right side of the 
starched article, then proceed to iron in the usual way, when 
a beantifnl gloss will be obtained. Put in a little borax in 
making the starch to give stiffness, as usuaL 

A so-called Satinette Starch Finish has the following 
composition : 

Powdered talcnm 1 oz. 

Powdered white soap % oz. 

Powdered borax ^ drachm. 

Liquid preparations are preferred by some, and the 
following is the formula of a preparation used in large 
laundry establishments: 

Powdered starch 2 drachms. 

Powdered acacia 1% drachms. 

Powdered borax 1 drachm. 

Glycerin % drachm. 

Water .2 oz. 

Dissolve the acacia in the water, followed by the 
borax and the glycerin ; then incorporate the starch, rub- 
bing up to a homogeneous mixture, which should be 
strained afterward to exclude any lumps. A tablespoon- 
ful of this mixture added to a quart of starch is supposed 
to produce the much desired glaze on linen which has 
been treated with the mixture. 

Dyes for Solution in Collodion.— J. W. R. asks 
us to state what particular dye is best adapted for color- 
ing a collodion to be used for coating electric light bulbs. 
The colors wanted are red, green and blue. 

Any of the aniline dyes soluble in alcohol will answer 
— ^. g., fuschin for red, resorcin blue M, for blue, and 
aniline green D. for green. These or similar dyes can 
be purchased through any wholesale druggist, or prefer- 
ably from a dealer in essential oils and confectioners' 
colors, such as W. J. Bush & Co., 5 Jones lane; Fries 
Brothers, 92 Reade street, or Fritzsche Brothers, Barclay 
street, New York City. 

Eucamphol. — S. E. P. asks us to inform him of a 
preparation sold under the name eucamphol, and where 
it is obtainable. Any of our readers who have informa- 
tion bearing on this query would oblige by sending such 
information to us on a postal card. 





BUSINESS BUILDING. 

Gwdocted by U. G. Manning* 

The Department Editor will be pleased to criticise advertisements y 
suggest improvements^ and answer all questions coming 
within the scope of this department. 



SOME FACTS AND FIGURES. 

I HAVE never known a single retailer who has done- 
good advertising, and enough of it, continuously 
for one year, who has failed to get satisfactory results. 
Exceptions have doubtless occurred, but I do not know 
of them. If any reader of this department has had the 
opposite experience I shall be pleased to hear from him. 
By good advertising I mean the use of sensible, newsy 
ads systematically presented. In the newspapers this* 
means a fresh ad at least once a week. If circulars are 
relied upon, at least twelve diflferent ones should be sent 
out during the year, under a system of distribution that 
insures their getting into the hands of those for whom- 
intended. 

There are few merchants outside the larger cities- 
who should not combine both circular and newspaper 
advertising, and each method should be carried on a& 
systematically as clockwork. 

THE OTHER SIDE OF IT. 

Also note that the above proposition involves doing 
enough advertising. Here is where you catch almost 
every advertising grumbler. Most retail advertisers try 
to make one horse pull a four-horse load. The necessary 
thing is to arrive, and enough power must be applied to- 
insure arrival. It is common to find combined with pro- 
fessed lack of faith in advertising a boundless hope as to 
results. 

A merchant spends $75.00 to $100.00 a year in adver- 
tising and is disappointed if he fails to get several hun- 
dred per cent, on his investment. As a result of the 
obvious power of advertising there lurks in the common 
mind a superstitious error as to its potency. People go 
into it as a sort of gamble. If the first turn of the card 
does not yield remarkable winnings they are ready to 
condemn. As a matter of fact their attitude is entirely 
wrong. 

ADVERTISrNG IS AN INVESTMENT. 

Advertising is an investment first, last and all the 
time. It should be looked upon, not as a lottery, but as a 
plain business proposition. It should be handled as sys- 
tematically as any other department of business. Time 
must be given for the investment to grow, and the ordi- 
nary advertiser must be satisfied with a reasonable result. 
The advertiser who spends one hundred dollars or less 
a year for advertising might easily have his money come 
back doubled and still not be able to trace any direct re- 
sults from his advertising. The average druggist spends 
less than one per cent, of his gross sales for advertising, 
when he should spend two and one-half per cent. This 
expenditure should be kept up, rtot one year, but every 
year, because that is the way to make money out of ad- 
vertising. Results are cumulative ; each additional dollar 
helps to increase returns from the preceding dollar. 

FORCING RESULTS. 

The man who wishes to force results, who wishes to 
see marked results at once, must back up his wishes with 
cash, must spend money freely. This is the last thing 
the average advertiser will do; he wants his results to 
come from his little expenditure. He can get results 
this way, but must remember that they have to be waited 
for. For instance, you have an average business, say 



14 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



$8,000, in an average town. Your appropriation for ad- 
vertising is $100.00 per year. This is put into one or 
more papers having a total circulation of 1,500 copies. 
Each paper is perhaps read by three people, making a 
total of 4,500 readers a week. You spend $2.00 each 
week to reach these people — that is, you expend about 
one-seventh of a cent, a week upon each subscriber, or 
one-twentieth of a cent, a week on each reader. In other 
words, yon spend about seven cents a year advertising 
to each family, or two and one-half cents a year to each 
individual. Now what do you expect from this two and 
one-half cents a year? The remarkable thing about it is 
that you dare expect anything, but you can. 

If you get on an average from each individual in- 
creased trade to the extent of three cents a month, thirty- 
five cents a year, your advertising has paid a profit. 

As results from advertising are cumulative and your 
expenditure per individual is so small, it is obviously 
unfair to hope to sec marked results in a short time. It 
is even impossible to form any correct idea as to results 
in as long a time as a year, because the money spent dur- 
ing the latter portion of the year has not had time to 
expend its force, and because you carry over into other 
years the new customers gained. 

Two good customers secured as a result of the entire 
year's advertising would in the long run be apt to repay 
the entire investment. 

THE PERMANENT CUSTOMER. 

This brings us to the point commonly overlooked, 
which is that the advertising of the average retailer re- 
sults in permanent customers rather, than in large imme- 
diate sales of the items advertised. 

Immediate results are desirable and c^n be had, but 
the fact remains that not one druggist in ten can or will 
do what is necessary to get them. To force results you 
must spend more money than you commonly spend, or 
you must make special price inducements (which is an- 
other way of doing the same thing). 

The moral of this homily is this : If you are spending 
a 'relatively small amount for advertising, you can be 
quite sure of ultimate results if you are persistent and 
systematic, though returns will necessarily be in keeping 
with the expenditure and will come slowly. If you 
spend, properly, 2j4 per cent, of your sales in advertising 
you should see marked results in a year and direct results 
as you go along. If you spend considerably more, you 
can see immediate results. 

What I wish to especially impress is that the man 
who is spending comparatively little for advertising 
should not be discouraged. It is almost impossible for 
him to fail to get profitable returns in time. If he does 
not keep at it he will get nothing. 

ji Ji Ji 

MAKE US USEFUL. 

Send in your ads for criticism or suggestion, or ask 
questions as often as you like. A little hint on adver- 
tising is often of much value. Any information at the 
command of this department is always freely given. 

CRITiaSM AND COMMENT. 

David Loeser, Montclair, N. J., submits the December 
issue of his store paper, which is called " Health Notes." 
This is a well edited little paper of eight pages, contain- 
ing a good selection of miscellaneous matter, interspersed 
with advertising. Some of the ads are displayed, others 
are in the form of reading notices. 

It is hard to get too much of a good thing, but it is a 
question whether a four-page paper of equal size would 
not do as well, and I believe that a larger proportion of 
the space could wisely be devoted to direct advertising. 



Too much liberality as to matter is apt to bankrupt one's 
supply of material and make later issues a burden, or 



After the 

GtRIPPB 



a troublesome cough usually remains. 
The more you cough the sorer your 
throat becomes. Don't waste time. 
Don't let the hack go on until your 
throat becomes raspy and sensitive 
so that you can hardly go out with 
comfort at night. 

Use Loeser's Cough Syrup. 

It is soothing and healing. It helps 
you discharge the annoying phlegm. 
The best testimonial for Loeser's 
Cough Syrup is the quantity sold of.it, 
over 2000 bottles during the past year. 



Loeser's Pharmacies, 

lORTCLlIR. I. J. 



A Ctood AdTertiaeiMnt. 



cause tlie intervals between issues to be extended. Any 
store paper should come out at least once a month. 



BDITOB BuBIinEBB BXHLDINO: 

I inclose under separate cover several advertlsementi 
which, if worthy of consideration, please enter in contest for 
business publicity. 

I enjoy noting each month your comments and crltlclsmsv 
and to me, outside of prices current, your department Is the 
strongest feature of the American Druggist. 

H. G. Plerson. 

Homellsville, N. Y. 

The ads sent are all good, good enough to pull busi- 
ness. The text is better than the display. I very mudi 
doubt if these ads are as conspicuous on the page as they 
should be. They are sandwiched in between other double 
column ads, are without border, and suffer from being 
set in unsuitable type. 

I believe this advertiser could make a ten strike by 

? getting a few fonts of type of a distinctive chanicter 
or his exclusive use. 

As to the ads sent, the following is the best. It is 
good from headline to signature: 

Moderate Priced 
WaU Paper, 

Why should moderate price mean bad art? It 
costs no more to print a good pattern In bright 
artistic colors than It costs to print a bad pattern 
In bad colors. We select all our patterns with this 
In view, for we find an artistic design will outsell 
a poor one. In a word, we touch the highest public 
taste without overshooting It. We Invite your In- 
spection. Price begins at 3 cents per single rolL 

The Plerson. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 
THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY. 



Twenlr-ftth Gtaml Meettng Held tl Houdoa Hall, Uolvcntty 
(rf PetuwylvanU, 

(SpeciiU Correipo7i4enee.) 

Pun^ADELPHiA, January 2, 1902. 

FOB tha flret time In eleven years the American Chemical 
Society bat held Its general meeting la Pblladelpbla. The 
local branch, which Is known as tbe Philadelphia Section 
of tbe American Chemical Society, and which Is one of tbe 
lar^st sections of that organization, fairly oatdld Itself In 
■bowing the hospitable nature of Pblladelpblans to tbe visit- 
ing members, many of whom had come long distances to at- 
tend the meeting. The meeting. In point of attendance and In 
the number and Interest of tbe papers read, was one of tbe 
moat successful hi the history of tbe organization. There were 
about 175 names on tbe registry list of members, and there 
were 37 papers offered, many of which bad to be read by title, 
owing to the limited Ume available for this purpose. 

Tbe sessions were held In Houston Hall, one of tbe numer- > 
ous buildings of the Dniverslty of Pennsylvania, and lasted 
from 9.30 a.m. until 1 p.m. on Monday and Tuesday, December 
SO and 31. At 1 o'clock, on each of these days, a bountiful 
lunch was served by the University, and the afternoons were 
devoted to sightseeing, a number of Interesting trips having 
been planned, whereby the chemists were enabled to visit 
many t^hnlcal laboratories and other places of professional 
Interest 

The opening session on Monday was presided over by J. 
Merrltt Matthews, tbe chairman of the local section, who made 
tbe address of welcome, and Introduced to the members bis 
honor, Samuel H. Ashbrldge, the Mayor of the city of Phila- 
delphia. After a brief address by tbe Mayor, who tendered 
tbe hospitality of the city to tbe guests, especially Inviting 
them to visit tbe new flttratlon experiment stations. Dr. Edgar 
F. Smith, vice provost of the University of Pennsylvania, wel- 
comed the visitors to the University Itself. 

President F. W. Clarke of the United States Geological 
Survey, the retiring president of the society, then made an 
address, and Albert C. Hale, tbe secretary of the society, read 
his annual report. In the secretary's report be called attention 
to tbe fact that In 1800 the society bad a membership of 238, 
vhlle to-day It Is 1,933. The Philadelphia Sections stands 
fourth among tbe local bodies, with Its 116 members. 

Various reports were read and adopted, and Dr. William 
H. Seaman, of Washington, D. C. reed a reaoiutlon in favor of 
governmental adoption of the decimal system In all depart- 
ments of tbe Government, except tbe public land surveys. 
This resolution was turned over to the Council for consid- 
eration. On Monday afternoon tbe trips which were offered 
were as follows: 

<1) Baldwin Locomotive. Works; United States Mint (2) 
City Filtration Experiment Station; Bergner & Engel's Brew- 
ery. (3) MIdvale Steel Company's Works. (4) Barrett Mfg. 
Company, working up of Coal Tar Oils; United States Arsenal, 
special laboratory equipment. (ES) John B. Stetson Company, 
bat manufacture; Duugan & Hood, Glazed Kid and Morocco 
Works. (6) C. H. Masland & Sons, carpet mills. 

Many members took advantage of tbe opportunities offered, 
and were hospitality entertained at each of the various places. 

On Monday evening, at 8 o'clock. President P. W. Clarke 
delivered bis address at tbe rooms of the Acorn Club, 1618 Wal- 
nut street. The address, which lasted for about an hour, was 
very attentively listened to by all present in It Professor 
Clarke outlined the progress of chemistry during tbe past ISO 
years, and showed the forces which bad operated to establish 
It upon a Arm footing. These forces he declared to be four In 
number: (1) Independent work by Individuals who are 
prompted by a love of Investigation: (2) Commercial require- 
ments; (3) Governmental research laboratories; (4j The work 
which has proceeded from educational InstltutlonB. Each of 
these was thoroughly considered in all of Its aspects, and atten- 
tion was called to tbe possibility of overdevelopment along 
certain directions to the exclusion of other equally Important 
branches. He stated that physiological chemistry was Just be> 
ginning to attain the importance which It should have had long 
before. In lUustratlng the wonderful growth of chemistry as 
a Klence, he mentioned that he thought It was Bersellus who 
had said: " I shall be the last man to know all about chem- 
Mry." His address ended with a plea for the establishment 
«C rMetrch laboratories where systematic efforts of trained 



' From titt PUtatMphto North Amtrleait. 
TWO OFFtCEBS Off TUB AMBSICAN CHEMICAL SOCIDTX. 



workers would result In giving to the world results which can- 
not be obtained by any other method. 

After the address was concluded the ladles of tbe Acorn 
Club tendered a reception to the members and visitors, and at 
10 o'clock the male members of tbe society proceeded to the 
University Club at 1510 Walnut street, where a smoker, or 
" kommers," as It was called, was held, and where good cheer 
reigned supreme until an early hour. 

The meeting on Tuesday was principally devoted to the 
reading of papers, among which were the following: "Tbe 
volumetric estimation of alumina and free and combined 
sulphuric add In alums," by Alfred H. White; "Aqua am- 
monia: Its Impurities and methods of analysis," by J. D. 
Pennock and D. A. Morton; "A method of analyzing oil var- 
nishes," by Parker C. McUhenny; "The oxygen bases, a re- 
view," by James Xiewls Howe; " Instantaneous chemical reac- 
tions and the theory of electrolytic dissociation," by Loula 
Kablenherg; "The electro chemical Industries at Niagara 
Falls," by Prof. C. P, Chandler; " What are the require- 
ments of a course to train men for work In Industrial chem- 
istry ? " by W. A. Noyes: " Latest types of formaldehyde re- 
generators," by Wm. Dreyfus. 

These papers were all listened to attentively, and Profeswr 
Chandler, especially, held tbe attention of the members for an 
hour, which seemed like fifteen minutes, so Interesting waa 
bis description of tbe wonderful electrolytic processes made 
possible by tbe harnessing of Niagara. 

Tbe list of papers presented shows a remarkable change In 
one respect from former lists. It seems to Indicate a reversion 
to inorganic work, for a large majority of the papers deal 
with Inorganic subjects, and very little was offered along the 
lines of organic work, which has held the attention of promi- 
nent Investigators for so long. 

The trips for Tuesday afternoon were well attended, and 
were as follows: (7) Baldwin Locomotive Works; United States 
Mint (8) Harrison Bros. & Co., Inc.. manufacture of chem- 
icals and paints, electrolytic method for production of sodium; 
Philadelphia Navy Yard. (9) Gllllnder &, Sons, glass works; 
Quaker City Dye Works. (10) Wetherlll & Bro.. white lead; J. 
Bavenson & Son, soap works. (11) City Filtration Bxperiment 
Station; GIrard College. 

On Tuesday evening a banquet was held at the Hotel Bing- 
ham on Market street where the members met for the last 
time this year as a body, and where the same good che^ pre- 
vailed as at the smoker, only In this case It waa added to ttf 
the presence of the ladles. 

The next meeting will take place In Pittsburg on June 80 
and July 1 of this year. The following officers were elected: 
President, Dr. Ira Bemsen, of Johns Hopkins nDlversltr, 
Baltimore; members of the council, to serve three years. Dr. 
A. A. Noyes, of the Massachusetts InstltDte of TechDologj, 
Boston; C. P. McKenna, of New York, and Dr, T. M. Drown, 
president of Lehigh University. The following electlona were 
announced by tbe council: Secretary, Dr. Albert C. Hale^ of 
Brooklyn; treasurer, Albert P. Hallock, of New York; Ubni^ 
Ian, B. Q. Ijove. of New York; editor. Dr. W. A. Noyes, of 
Terre Haute, Ind.; directors, to serve three years, B. B. Smith 
and Dr. G. F. Smith, both of New York; Committee on Papers 
and Publlcatioas. W. A. Noyes, editor; W. F. HlUetxiad. 



i6 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



Washington; J. H. Long, Chicago; William McMurtrie. New 
York; A. A. NoyeB, Boston; Edward Hart, Easton, Pa.; Dr. 
Bdgar F. Smith, Philadelphia; H. N. Stokes, Washington; 
H. P. Talbot, Boston; H. W. Wiley, Washington; Finance 
Ck)mmitt6e, J. H. Wainwright, Durant Woodman, O. F. Mc- 
Kenua, all of New York; Committee on Membership, William 
McMurtrie, of New York; C. L. Reese, of Newark, N. J.; 
B. G. Love, of New York. 

Many prominent chemists from all parts of the country 
were present at the various sessions, among whom may be 
mentioned Dr. Ira Remsen, of Baltimore, the new president of 
the society; H. W. Wiley, F. W. Clark, Chas. B. Dudley, Wm. 
McMurtrie, S. P. Sadtler. C. F. Chandler, F. W. Dodge, W. O. 
Atwater, Prof. C. A. Doremus, Prof. M. T. Bogert, Prof. C. E. 
Pellew and others. 



N. A. R. D. NOTES. 

Chicago, Jan. 1, 1902.— The following letter has been re- 
ceived at national headquarters: 

Murfreesboro, Tenn., Noyember 36, 1001. — ^Dr. Joi. R. Noel, organ- 
iser, N. A. R. D., Chicago. — ^Dear Sir : After a conference of the of&cers 
of the Tennessee State Druggists* Association we have decided to ask 
the N. A R. D. to send an organiser to this State tor the purpose of 
organizing local associations throughout the State, and this letter is 
written for the purpose of conyeylng such Inyltation to the N. A R. D. 
We hope the work can begin at an early date. Very respectfully, H. W. 
McDonald, president ; R. w. Vickers, secretary ; David J. Kuhn, second * 
Tloe-president ; John J. Ingles, first ylce-presldent ; J. C. Trehem, third 
vice-president ; J. C. Ammons, treasurer ; J. Ooldbaum, chairman Trade 
Interests Committee. 

The following are the new officers of the Detroit and 
Wayne County Association: President, Albert L. Walker; sec- 
retary. Grant W. Stevens; treasurer, Wm. Dupont; all of De- 
troit Mr. Chas. F. Mann, who has been officially connected 
with the association for about five years, during which time 
he has also served the State asaoclation as an officer, says he 
Is glad to be relieved of active work, but that he will never 
cease to take an abiding interest in the two organizations men- 
tioned and the N. A. R. D. Mr. Mann is a stanch advocate of 
the tripartite plan, with which plan he is confident " the Na- 
tional Association will yet win the day." 

A Western manufacturer, referring to the difficulty ex- 
perienced by the National Bxecutive Committee in accomplish- 
ing the purposes of the N. A. R. D. with the amount of funds 
placed in their hands, has this to say: " It seems to us the 
retailers do not take Interest enough in their association. In- 
asmuch as you have such an enormous number of people to 
draw from, the N. A. R D. would be much better off if they 
would stir up the retailers to take an interest in its affairs 
to the extent of paying a reasonable amount into the national 
treasury, say $5 per annum. In this manner you would have 
money enough to accomplish a great deal." 

Executive Committeeman Bingham has written as follows 
to a Southern jobbing house in Alabama: " Organizer Post 
has done good work in Alabama. He has organized Mont- 
gomery, Anniston, Gadsden and Huntsville, and in this latter 
place has succeeded in bringing the druggists together and 
stopping cutting^ and I recently saw a letter of thanks written 
to him from a prominent druggist there, stating that be had 
accomplished for them what they thought was an impossi- 
bility—the uniting of the druggists of the city and restoring 
prices. Mr. Post endeavors to take in all who handle patents 
and gives each member a price schedule agreed on by the 
membership. As to the fees charged, of $3.60 and 60 cents, 
the 13.60 is the fee fixed as an organization fee and the 60 
cents is the annual dues to the N. A. R. D. and is legitimate, 
being collected in the several States where we now have or- 
ganizers at work. The keynote of success for the tripartite 
plan is organization of local affiliated bodies. The results of 
the work, as a matter of course, largely, if not entirely, depend 
on the organized associations and their faith in each other. 
This Mr. Post nor no one else can control. Testimonials from 
many cities and towns in Illinois, Michigan, Ohio, Missouri, 
Indiana and other States are in our possession, showing the 
great value these organizers have been in cutting localities— 
healing breaches and uniting the druggists where before noth- 
ing but discord and cutting prevailed. Our national officers 
try to make the work self-sustaining by the fees charged, as 
above mentioned, which is small compared with the vast 
amount of good being accomplished to local druggists wher- 
ever associations are organized. I have «gone into detail in 
this matter to give you an insight into what the N. A. R. D. 
is trying to accomplish: and if it is accomplished it will prove 
of great benefit to the three national bodies representing the 
drug trade. I hope the druggists of Alabama will take ad- 
vantage of this opportunity to organize and work In unison 
to uphold the dignity of our profession." 

The following is a partial list of the associations that have 



recently become affiliated with the N. A. R. D.: Alabama- 
Madison County, Northwestern Alabama (comprising Lauder- 
dale, Colbert and Franklin counties), Fayette-Lamar Countj» 
Tri-County (comprising Walker, Winston and Marion coun- 
ties), Tennessee Valley (comprising Morgan, Limestone and 
Lawrence counties). Illinois— The following county associa- 
tions: Champaign, Cole, Clark, Cumberland, Crawford, Doug- 
las, ESdgar, Jasper, Lawrence, Richland, Edwards- Wabash, 
Wayne and White. So much interest was manifested in the 
organization meeting of the last named association that sev- 
eral of the country members drove to town, bringing their 
wives and daughters with them. An amicable adjustment of 
an unpleasantness of long standing between two druggrists of 
the county was effected and the new association starts out 
with fine prospects. Iowa—The following county associations: 
Adams, Adair, Appanoose, Clarke, Lucas, Madison, Marion, 
Monroe and Union. A lady pharmacist. Miss Lulu Snelson, 
of Fontanelle, was elected secretary of the association last 
named. Kentucky— The following county associations: Crit- . 
tenden and Livingston. Michigan— Kent County, with 78 mem- 
bers. Grand Rapids is the county seat in this county. Mis- 
souri—Cooper County. New York— Oswego County. In this 
county prices have been restored to full figure as the result of 
the organizer's work. Wisconsin— Grant County, Crawford 
County and Richland County. 

A vigorous cut rate war in which, after the first day, the 
druggists forced the fighting, has been won at Freeport, IlL 
In a very short time the cutter was glad to sell out and quit 
business. Secretary Jungkunz, after expressing the gratitude 
of his association for the help received from the N. A. R. D., 
assures the Executive C!ommittee of their continued loyalty. 

An Eastern proprietor finds fault with the N. A. R. D. be- 
cause, as he says, the retailers are not living up to their agree- 
ment to sell tripartite proprietaries " without argrument," even 
where profitable prices can be obtained for these goods. How 
much truth there may be in this claim is not known, but loyal 
members of the National Association should bear in mind con- 
stantly their obligation to give the proprietors who are co- 
operating with us the full benefit of their advertising. In this 
way only can the success of our plans to increase the profit- 
ableness of selling proprietaries be assured. By judicious, 
well directed advertising the opportunity is afforded every 
druggist to create a demand for his own preparations, and he 
ought to be Independent enough to let his goods take care of 
themselves and not seek to advance their sale by taking ad- 
vantage of the advertising of other manufacturers. The Jus- 
tice of this observation will commend itself to every right 
thinking druggist. 

The attorneys employed by the committee to look after the 
litigation by which the anti-trust law of Illinois is to be tested 
with reference to the enforceability of legal price restriction 
are getting its case in readiness, and it will be pushed with 
vigor and the determination to procure for the drug trade 
every advantage that can possibly be secured by the operation 
of the price restrictive plan. In this connection the committee 
urges upon all associations the necessity of keeping It In- 
formed of the conditions with reference to price cutting which 
exist in the territory covered by .these associations. The com- 
mittee is anxious to do all in its power to advance the inter- 
ests of the members of the affiliated bodies, but it is powerless 
to render any assistance without knowing what aid is needed 
and how this help can be effectively rendered. It would be, 
of course, the height of injustice to charge the committee with 
a lack of concern or a lack of efficiency in correcting the con- 
ditions in any given locality if the committee was not informed 
of these conditions; and it should not be forgotten that in the 
most favorable circumstances the task of keeping track of 
more than five hundred associations is not easy of accomplish- 
ment 

The National Executive Committee takes advantage of the 
beginning of the new year to congratulate the association upon 
the absence of all disposition to strife and discord which now 
happily characterizes the membership, and the determination 
everywhere manifested to go forward in the work of increas- 
ing the usefulness of the N. A. R. D. 



WHAT OHIO SAID. 



The ^American Drtigrgrist '^ Vindicated. 

[From The Druggiata Circular for January, 1902.] 

At the N. A. R. D. convention held at Buffalo in October 
last things reached fever heat at times, as all who were pres- 
ent, or have read the accounts of the meeting as reported in 
the journals, are aware. At one of the most exciting point* 
In the meeting E. C. Lingan, of Ohio, jumped to his feet and 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



madu a sbort ep«ccb wblcb bas beea very mucb discussed 
since. 

Tbere have been various reportB as to wbat Mr. Lfngan 
really said, and to ahl those interested in arriving at tbe facts 
In tbe case some quotations are here made. To begin witb, 
the Circular will repeat what It aatd In Its account of the 
meeting, and will add that any remarks which Mr. LIngan 
may have made and which It did not report were drowned by 
the hieses and cries which tbe Oret sentence of his speecb 
elicited. The Circular eald that Mr. LIngan " stated that he 
would not be responsible for the continued afflliatlon of hla 
State If tills vital matter was Juggled. His speech was re- 
ceivi'd with hisses." 

.Merck's Market Beport contains tbe following: 

Ad Ohio delegate atated that l( dlBCDisloa In reKsrd to price pro- 
tection were Bniaehered, " Ohio will not be respoiiBlEle tor ber future 
■ailBtlon wilh ths >HOeI>tlon," but wltb a tslr dlBCOiBloD tlie Ohio 
detegateB wanld lubmit to tbe rule of tbe majoritj. 

The account of the meeting as contained In the Amebican 
Dbuooist seems to have been tbe cause of some of tbe con- 
tention which has since arisen over the matter. It follows: 



would not be respouHlble for her afflfli. 

... -_^ initracted to tUe notice that It Che Worceiter plan la 

,_. or imothrred. Ohio will wltbdraw from the N. A. B. D." 

li declaration gn the part of Ohio did not anee with tbe temper ol the 
iherlDs In the allghteit,^ bot waa recelTetTwltb a tumult of hooting 



WS 



The Era did not report the remarks In question, but W. 
Bodemann, of Illinois, has written a letter to that paper In 
which the following words occnr; 

I heard with mine own earn that a Bentleman ahouted. " Oblo fllea 
notice right bare that U the Woccelter plan la relecCed Oblo wltb- 
drawi from the N. A. R. D." 

Mr. LIngan bas appeared In tbe public prints with a state- 
ment whicb Is here reproduced in part: 

M7 lansnage on the Boor of the convention, ai can be verlfled by 
ateaogTapblc report, waa aa foUowa : " Oblo dealrea to aa; that It 
tfala resolution la amotbered or plgeon-boled we will not be reaponalble 
tor the future coarae of Ohio In the National Aaaociatlon : but I( the 
matter is given a fair dlacnaalon b; the bod; of the convention we will 
aubmil to the will of the majority." 

Other pnblicHtions which have been examined do not make 
any specific nioiition of the speech. 



Ptunnacy Law Amendments introduced* 
Senator Hill, of Erie County, has Introduced Into tbe Senate 
or the State of New York the amendments to the pharmacy 
law agreed vpaa at the recent conference of local asBociatlons 
held under the auspices of the legislative committee of the 
State association. The following Is a summary of the amend- 
ments: Subdivision 2, relating to tbe constitution of the board, 
after the words: "No person shall be eligible for election to 
the State Board of Pharmacy unless he be a citizen of the State 
of New York and a resident and licensed pharmacist from that 
section of tbe State from which elected," Is amended by the ad- 
dition of the following: " And, if elected from the Bastem 
Section, unless be also be a member of an incorporated phar- 
maceutical society or association as provided In subdivision 4 
Immediately following." 

Subdivision 4 la amended by striking out tbe first twelve 
lines reading: " The election of the members of the State 
Board of Pharmacy for the Eastern Section shall occur In the 
month of June In each year, two of them shall be elected by 
the Manhattan Pharmaceutical Association, two by the Kings 
County Pharmaceutical Society and one by the German 
Apothecaries' Society," and the addition of the following new 
matter: " The election of the members of aald State Board of 
Pharmacy for the Eastern Section shall occur In tue month 
of June of each year. The State Board of Pharmacy shall 
designate a date in said month and a place in tbe Borough of 
Manhattan and a place In the Borough of Brooklyn for said 
election, and shall give fifteen days' notice of said time and 
place to the societies or associations In said section, herein- 
after described. At the time and place so designated in the 
Borough of Manhattan, three members for aald section shall 
be elected, and no person shall be eligible for election, or to 
vote at such election, unless he be a resident of one of the 
counties of New York, or Westchester, and n member of the 
New York State Phamsceutlcal Association, or of an Incor- 
porated pharmaceutical association or society In one of the 
said counties, whose members are required to be licensed pbar- 
maclsta or druggists. At the time and place designated as 
aforesaid In the Borough of Brooklyn two members for said 
section shall be elected, and no person shall be eligible for 
election unless he be a resident of one of the other countieB In 
said section and a member of the New York State Pharmaceu- 



rical Association, or of one of the incorporateil pharmaceutical 
associations or societies In said other counties, whose members 
lire required to be licensed pharmacists or druggists." 



A bill was Introduced in tbe Legislature on January 9 
having for Its object the amending of the public health laws 
by excepting regularly licensed and practicing physicians 
from the prohibitory clause which prevents them from con- 
ducting a drug store, and directing the State Board of Phar- 
macy to Issue a license to physicians who present proper 
proof that they are legally authorized to practice medicine. 
The bin was Introduced by Assemblyman Olln T. Nye, who 
iK Ji lnw.vp,r of Watkins, X. Y. 



N. Y. STATE BOARD OFj PHARMACY. 

Annt«I Meeting and Electionftrf Of&cets,T " 

The annual meeting of the New York State Board of Phar- 

Liacy waa held at Albany on Monday, January 6, at 10 

'clock a.m. President Hobert K. Smither, of Bntfato, called 



Byron M. Htdk, 
I'realdent of the New York State Board of Pharmacy. 

the meeting to order and asked for.a roll call by the Becretary. 
Members present were: Clarence O. Blgelow, New York- Al- 
bert H. Brundage, Brooklyn; George C. Dlekraan. New York- 
Sidney Faber, New York; WilUam Mnlr, Brooklyn; Warren 
L, Bradt, Albany; Byron M. Hyde, Rochester; George H 
Merrltt. Ithaca: Charles B. Sears, Auburn; Judson B. Todd 
Newburgh; Wlllta G. Gregory, Buffalo; Edgar M Jeweu' 
Batavia; Alfred M. Palmer, Olean; Geo. Belmann, Buffalo" 
Robert K. Smltber, Buffalo. 

At tbe suggestion of tbe president, Secretary Paber pre- 
sented the reports of the different sectional officers, and read 
his own annual report. Tbe secretary's report stated that 
there were 3,925 stores registered with the Board as phar- 
macies and twelve aa drug stores. Of the total number of 
pharmacies registered, 2,235 were located In the Bastem 
Section. 1,285 In the Middle and 405 in tbe Western Section 
Of the drug stores, two were In the Eaatem, six in the Mid- 
dle and four In the Western Section. The stores Inspected 
and reinspected were: Eastern Section, 2.869; Middle, 665 and 
Western, 358. More than 900 samples of drugs, medicinal 
preparations, etc., were examined to see whether they were 
up to the standard required by the law. Appllcante for li- 
censes were examined In the different sections as follows- 
PharmadstB, Eastern Section, 210; Middle, 74; Western 40- 
dnigglsts. Eastern Section, 3; Middle. 40; Western, 87. These 
were all new applicants. The total number of all applicants 
examined. Including those who were reexamined, waa about 

President Smitber's annual report to the Ooremor of th» 



i8 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



State was then submitted to the Board for its approTal, and 
after some discussion and modification was adopted. This 
report will be submitted to GoTemor Odell some time this 
month, as the law provides. 

The Board then adjourned sine die, but came together 
immediately after adjournment in order to effect an organiza- 
tion for the ensuing year. The members were called to order 
by Dr. A. H. Brundage, of Brooklyn, who acted as temporary 
chairman. Sidney Faber, of New York, was chosen temporary 
secretary, and there were named as tellers for the election of 
new officers. Dr. W. G. Gregory, of Buffalo; G. H. Merritt. 
of Newburgh. Nominations were then declared in order, and 
Byron M. Hyde, of Rochester, was named as president for 
the ensuing year, to succeed R. K. Smither. There was no 
opposition, but the formality of taking a ballot was carried 
out and Mr. Hyde was thereupon declared elected. The vote 
for first vice-president was not unanimous, but Albert H. 
Brundage, of Brooklyn, was elected. Dr. W. G. Gregory was 
unanimously elected second vice-president, and Sidney Faber, 
of ^ew York, was chosen general secretary and treasurer. 
Meetings of the three branch boards were held synchronously 
for the election of branch officers, when the officers who held 
office last year were re-elected, the chairmen and secretaries 
of the respective branches being named as follows: Eastern 
branch, Clarence O. Bigelow, chairman; Sidney Faber, sec- 
retary. Middle branch, Ghas. B. Sears, chairman; W. L. 
Bradt, secretary. Western branch, B. M. Jewell, chairman; 
George Reimann, secretary. 

The general Board adjourned to meet in Elmira on June 
26, 1902, with the State Pharmaceutical Association, when 
an election to fill the vacancy in the Middle branch caused 
by the death of J. O. Smith, of Plattsburg, wiU be held. The 
appointment by President Smither of Judson B. Todd was 
for the interim between the date of the appointment and the 
annual meeting of the State Pharmaceutical Association. 
Two elections will be held at this meeting. One to fill the 
unexpired term of the deceased member, which extended to 
January, 1903, and another for the full term of five years 
from that date. The fact that two elections must be held is 
something that is not generally known in the Middle Section, 
but such is the case, nevertheless. It is expected that Jud- 
son B. Todd, of Ithaca, will be named to fill the vacancy at 
both elections, though other candidates are in the field. 



CHARGED WITH EXTORTION. 



Phannacy Inspector Held for the Grand Jury. 

In the Amebican Dbugoist for November 25, 1901, page 
326, and for December 9, 1901, page 363, particulars were given 
of the arrest of an inspector of the Eastern Section of the New 
York State Board of Pharmacy on a charge of extortion pre- 
ferred by a licensed pharmacist in business in Brooklyn. The 
attitude of the members of the local branch of the board 
toward the case, it will be recalled, occasioned some surprise. 
Instead of supporting the pharmacist they put obstacles In 
his way and lent their counsel for the defense of the Inspector. 

It will be remembered by those who have followed the 
history of the case that Mr. Cipes, the plalntiflT. was not pres- 
ent in court when the case was called on November 29. Mr. 
Cipes explained his absence by stating that he believed court 
was not called until ten o'clock. He arrived five minutes be- 
fore that time, and was told that the case had been dismissed 
because of his absence by Magistrate Higginbotham. The 
belief was general upon this disposition of the case that it 
would end then and there. Mr. Cipes did not wish to appear 
as a persecutor of the man personally, but he at the same time 
believed that the Board of Pharmacy should not continue as 
one of its officials a man against whom crooked work had been 

charged. 

" I waited to see what the board would do," said Mr. Cipes 
to an American Dbugoist representative the other day. " and 
when, according to a report in a drug paper, they came out 
with a statement that they had investigated the complaint 
and found that it was all a conspiracy, that Mr. Lorenz had 
not yet been reinstated, but that he might be, I considered it 
my duty to show the board that there was no conspiracy, and 
that I had told the truth." 

Druggist Cipes. accordingly, on December 17, went to Mag- 
istrate Furlong, who had had the case originally, and made out 
an affidavit A summons was Issued for Lorenz to appear 
and give reasons why the case should not be reopened. He 
appeared without his lawyer and the case was for that reason 
adjourned until December 24. 

On that day there appeared in court the plaintiff, accom- 
panied by his lawyer, H. Kayflel, while LorenE and the Board 



of Pharmacy were represented by Dr. A. H. Brundage and Hie- 
ronimus A. Herold. A motion was made to dismiss the case 
on the technical ground that Lorenz was not a State officer, 
which Magistrate Furlong denied. Then Mr. Herold asked 
for an adjournment on the ground that he had not had 
time to prepare the case, but the Magistrate suggested that 
as Herold had the matter originally ou November 9 his plea 
would hardly stand. 

Counsel Herold then asked that the case be put over because 
of the absence of Sidney Faber, the secretary of the board. 

" What is he expected to testify to ? " asked the Magistrate. 

" To the defendant's good character," replied Mr. Herold. 

This was hardly believed by the Magistrate to be good 
reason for an adjournment, and so the case proceeded. 

The most important new testimony at the trial was that 
of Dr. M. A. Cohn, a druggist at 47 Belmont avenue. He 
testified that Lorenz had called and Informed him that in em- 
ploying a junior and leaving this junior in charge of the store 
he had violated the law. He called Dr. Cohn's attention to 
it and told him to desist Dr. Cohn thanked him, but de- 
nied the charge. He said tha,t the junior did not dispense 
medicines nor sell poisons, and he always had a registered 
clerk to attend to business. 

'' But I didn't come for thanks," this witness represented 
Lorenz as saying. "The board employs spies to watch you. 
These spies must be paid." 

*• Then let the board pay them," rejoined Dr. Cohn. 

The defendant explained that the thing couldn't be hushed 
up that way. The matter would have to be taken to. court 
Dr. Cohn then told him that he would be glad to have a test 
case made of his right to have a junior in the store. 

Mr. Cipes was the next witness. His story has already 
been told, but a new feature was his account of a visit from 
Lorenz during which Cipes said he was asked if he had any 
friends who would like to make a few dollars. All they would 
have to do would be to testify that Rubin, Dr. Cohn's junior 
clerk, had put up a prescription for them. Then in court they 
would merely have to testify according to what they had been 
coached to say. Mr. Cipes thanked the inspector on behalf of 
his friends, but told him that he knew no one who would fill 
the bill. 

Mr. Cipes also testified that he heard Lorenz say to the de- 
tective on being arrested: 

** For God's sake, don't take me to the station house with 
this money in my pocket." 

In all Mr. Cipes was an hour and a half on the witness 
stand. In his efforts to prove a conspiracy Mr. Herold, the 
counsel for the board, asked him If he was acquainted with 
Dr. A. L. Goldwater, the president of the Greater New York 
Pharmaceutical Society. The plaintiff admitted Imowing Dr. 
Goldwater, but replied in the negative regarding Dr. Schaplro 
and a Mr. Garfield. 

Magistrate Furlong appeared to be mystified by this line of 
questioning and asked Counsellor Herold as to what he was 
seeking to prove. 

**I will prove that this man and his gang are in a con- 
spiracy," said Mr. Herold. "There is an association which 
is to have representation on the board because it has to, but It 
will be watched." 

" Are you a member of an association ? " asked the Magis- 
trate. 

" I belong to no association whatever," replied Mr. Cipes. 
Mr. Herold showed his surprise at this answer, /ind put no 
further questions on that line. 

Other testimony was given by Mrs. Cipes, Detective Lynch, 
of the Slxty-flfth Precinct, who arrested Lorenz, and who cor- 
roborated Cipes In every particular, and another detective who 
found the marked bill in Lorenz's pocket 

The defendant was then put on the stand in his own behalf. 
He was asked whether, as he put the $5 in his pocket, he had 
said to Cipes: " Now you will be protected." 

He denied that he had said this, but stated that he had told 
Cipes Dr. Cohn could not be protected now. 

" What do you mean by the word * protected ? ' " he was 
asked. 

" Secretary Faber told me to say that" was the answer. 

'* But what did you mean ? " 

" I was told to use those words by Mr. Faber." 

This was all that could be gotten out of Lorenz on the 
subject He repeated his previous story that Cipes had given 
him the $6 as an advance fee for selling Cipes' drug store, but 
admitted that he had never sold any store while acting as an 
inspector. 

When asked whether he had said: " For God's sake don't 
taKe me to the station house with this money In my pocket" 
Lorenz denied it. What he had said, was: " Don't take me 
over this way." 

Magistrate Furlong reserved his decision until December 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND 

31. when be decided to hold Lorenz Id {300 ball for the Grand 
Jury. He beld tbat tbe detectJre, ax an Impartial officer, bad 
given testimony tbat had not been explained away, and tbat 
Lorenz himself bad made damaging admissions against him- 
self. 

Despite the teetltUoDy adduced at the trial, the board sought 
to vindicate the luspectoi by reinstating him, which was done 
at a special meeting. However, In order seemingly to " save 
its face," tbe board Immediately afterward " created a va- 
cancy " In tbe Brooklyn deportment, and the office which 
Lurenz beld has now supposedly ceased to exist. 



PHARMACEJTICAL RECORD 

William S. Thompson. 



THE CARNEGIE INSTITUTION. 

Scope jmd Plan E^Iaine4. 

Andrew Carnegie, in requesting tbe trustees of the Carnegie 
iQStltutloM to accept the o£3ce tendered them, explained tbe 
plan of the Institution as follows: 

It la proposed to found In tbe city of Washington, In tbe 
spirit of Washington, an Institution which, with tbe co-opera- 
tion of listltutions now or hereafter established there or 
elsewhere, shall. In the broadest and most liberal manner, 
encourage Investigation, research and discovery; encourage 
the application of Icaowledge to the Improvement of mankind; 
provide sueh buildings, laboratories, books and apparatus as 
may be needed, and afford instruction of an advanced char- 
acier to students, whenever and wherever found. Inside or 
oursid*! of schools, properly qualified to profit thereby. Among 
Its aims aro these; 

1. To iDcreaae tbe efflclenv; of tho DDlveraltJei aod otber loatltu- 
tloni of Jeaming throushoat the countrj bj ntElIdng and adding to 
their existing laeilltlea, and by aldlne teaclicn in the Torloai ItiBtlta- 
tloni for experimental and other work. In theie Instltutlong as tac as 
may be advliable. 

2. To dlicover the eiceptlonal man In ever; department of stadj, 
wbenever and wliereTer fonnd, and enable him b; flnanclal aid to make 
tbe work for which he s»ms ipeclall; dsalgned nls lite work. 

8. To promote orlelDal research, pa;iDg irreat Btteotlon thereto, as 
being one of the chief parpoaea of thla Inatltntlon. 

i. To Increase faelirtles for blgher education. 

S. To enable mcb atodents as ma; tlod Washington the tMit point 
for their special studies to STail themselves of such advantages aa may 
be open to them In tbe muaenou, libraries, laboratories. oMsrvatar;, 
metPoroToElcil, pliclcnltural and forestry schools and kindred Institu- 
tions of the several departmentB of tbe uoTemnieot. 

Q. To Insure the prompt publication and distribution of the results 
of scientific InvestlgBtlou, a neld considered to be highly important. 

These and kindred objects may be attained by providing 
the necessary apparatus, by employing able teachers from 
various institntloua In Washington and elsewhere, and by en- 
nbling men fitted for special work to devote themselves to it. 
throBgh salaried fellowships or scholarships, or throngb sal- 
aries with or without pensions In old age, or tbrougb aid In 
other forms to such men as continue tbeir special work at 
seats of learning throughout tbe world. 

The Board of Trustees elected by the incorporators to 
carry out the purposes of the Institution as Indicated are as 
follows: 

The President of the United States, the President of the Cnlt«d 
States Senate, the Speaker of the House of Beprtoentatlves, the Secre- 
tary of Snithionlan Institution, the President o( the National Academy 
of Bclences, Orover CleTeland. o( New Jersey ; John S. Billings, of New 
York: William N. Frew, of Pennsylranla ; L^man ]. Oage, of Illinois: 
Daniel C. Oilman, of Maryland ; John Hay, of the District of Columbia ; 
Abram B. Hewitt, of New York : Henry L. Hleglnson. of Hassachu- 
setta : Henry HltcLcock, of Hlssoocl : Charles L. HutChlnson^f Illinois : 
Wllllsm Lindsay, of Kentucky : Seth I<DW, of New York ; Wayne Mac- 
Veagb. of PenBflylTRnla : D. O. Mills, of California : S. Weir Ultehell. of 
Pennsylvenls ; William W. Morrow, of California; Ellhu Root, of New 
York : John C, Spooner, ol WIscoQBin : Andrew D. White, of New York ; 
Edward D. White, of Louisiana : Charles !>. Walcott. of the District of 
Columbia, and Carroll D. Wright, of the District of Columbia. 

It Is understood to be the purpose of Mr. Carnegie to 
transfer ?10,000.000 in 5 per cent, bonds to the Board of 
Trustees for the purposes above mentioned. 

The meeting for organization of the Board of Trustees and 
tbe ejection of officers has been called for January 29 at the 
ofQce of the Secretary of State, Washington, D. C. 

In the development of his plans Mr. Carnegie has consulted 
with a number of gentlemen in different parts of the coun- 
try. Including the heads of universities and otber sclentiflc 
Institutions, and particularly with the Hon. Abram 8. Hewitt. 
Dr. Daniel C. Oilman. Dr. John S. Billings. Dr. Charles D. 
Walcott and the Hon. Carroll D. Wright. 

Tbe promoters of n new Journal for advertisers and pub- 
llsben, tbe first numbnr of which made Its appearance last 
November, have paid the Aurbican Dbuoois-t the anuanal 
compHment of borrowing one of its department heading* for 
a title. The new publication Is called Business Building, and 
!s pobllsbed from llKi Broadway. New York. 



Founder of the Grown Perfumery Company. 

At tbe age of 79, when most men are dotards, content to 
rest Idle in chimney corners, William S. Thompson, wealthy, 
the founder of half a dozen successfnl enterprlsea, has em- 
barked in still another. Mr. Thompson's life story is that 
of a typically ingenious Yankee. Bom In Connecticut, he 
began life as a dry goods clerk, was tbe first to raanufactnre 
crinolines in tbe United States, and the first to make corseta 
by machinery. He was tbe second person to be operated on 
under an aneestbetlc, tbe operation having been performed at 
Hartford in 1848 by the discoverer of the ananitbetlc properties 
of nitrous oxide gas. At one time he had a thousand em- 
ployees, and had factories In New York, London, Paris, Brus- 
sels and Anaberg, Saxony. He made his home in Paris for the 
last nine years of tbe third Empire, and there entered upon 
the manufacture of corsets In a large way, being tbe first per- 
son to do so. He originated the " Thompson glove-fitting 
corset," which Is still widely known and used. In 1868 he 
paid f7S,000 for a patent on a railway spring and established 
the Crown Iron Works, at Glasgow, to make them. When he 
sold these works In 1SS7 they had spread out so that the 
buildings alone covered an acre of ground. 

About 1872 Mr. Thompson conceived the idea that tbe 
reason for the lack of popularity of English perfumes lay 
not so much In the quality of the perfumes as in the lack of 
taste in the way they were put up. He organized the Crown 
Perfumery Company in London, Where he then lived, and 
made a remarkable success, particularly with tbe 
Crown Lavender Salts and with the Crab Apple 
Blossom perfume. In 1885 Mr. Thompson established the 
American branch of tbe Crown Perfumery Company and 
expended $100,000 in advertising with the most gratifying 
results. Now, Mr. Thompson has recently purchased the 
Bnellsh rights to a new form of therapeutic application of 
high tension '■lectricnl currents, and Is as enthusiastic as a 
lad over its futurp. 

Committees of tbe N. W. D. A. 

President Walding has announced the following appoint- 
ments as chairmen of the respective committees of the Na- 
tional Wholesale Druggists' Association: 

Arrangcmeuts and Entertainment: Wm. P. Redlngton. San 
Francisco. Cnl. 

Passenger Rates and Routes: Frank A. Faxon, Kansas 
City, Mo. 

Fraternal Relations: John B. Purcell, Richmond, Ta. 

Relations with Local Associatloiis, City and Interstate: 
George W. Latimer, Columbus. Ohio. 

Commercial Travelers: W. J. Mooney, Indianapolis, Ind. 

Proprietary Goods: 0. F. Shoemaker, Philadelphia, Fa. 

Membership: David M. Cowan, Buffalo. N. Y. 

Memorials of Deceased Members: Chas. W. Snow, Syra- 
cuse. N. T. 

Dmg Maitets: Geo. R. Hllller, New Tork, N. T. 

Special Committee on Paris Green: Alanson S. Brooks, De- 
troit. Mich, 



20 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



Special Couiinittee to Take Charge of Suits Brought Against 
Members: M. N. Kline, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Legislation: M. N. Kline, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Adulterations: G. Frank Bailey, Baltimore, Md. 

Pharmaceutical Preparations: C. F. Weller, Omaha, Neb. 

Revision of Pharmaceutical Lists: Edward H. Nelson, De- 
troit, Mich. 

Transportation: C. P. Walbridge, St. Louis, Mo. 

Paints, Oils and Glass: M. E. Sherman, Des Moines, Iowa. 

Fire Insurance: Albert Plant, New York, N. Y. 

Special Committee on Commercial Travelers: L. R. Dron- 
berger, with the Mallinckrodt Chemical Works, St. Louis, Mo. 

Trade-Marks: Chas. H. Camp, the Centaur Company, New 
York, N. Y. 

Credits and Collections: W. A. Hover. Denver, Col. 



PHARMACISTS IN THE MILITARY SERVICE 



Crttidims of the Medical Supply Service of the Army. 

The following correspondence has appeared in the columns 
of the New York Sua: 

HOSPITAL STEW^ARDS 

Are They Adequately Paid Now by the United States 

Government ? 

'To the Editor of the Sun— Sir: The Sun of a recent date 
contained a paragraph about non-commissioned officers of the 
army attached to posts who are about petitioning Congress 
to make them warrant officers and to increase their pay from 
$34 to $75 per month. If post ordnance, commissary and 
quartermaster sergeants desire the same rank as gunners and 
boatswains at a salary of $75 per month, should stewards and 
acting hospital stewards receive less? 

From the writer's experience with hospital stewards in the 
Philippine Islands for two years and a half, they are better 
educated men than were the majority of volunteer officers in 
the Philippines, and these stewards' duties were none the less 
arduous. It requires years of college study to pass the rigid 
examinations required now for hospital stewards. To be brief, 
I shall quote Smart's handbook for the hospital corps of the 
United States Army. (See page 3.): 

"The duties of the stewards and acting stewards are to 
look after and distribute hospital stores and supplies; to care 
for hospital property; to compound and administer medicines; 
to supervise the preparation and serving of food; to maintain 
discipline in the hospital and watch over its general police; to 
prepare the hospital reports and returns; -to supervise the 
duties of the hospital corps in hospital and in the field. 

"The steward must be an efficient disciplinarian, expert 
clerk, accurate arithmetician, and a trustworthy pharmacist, 
with as much knowledge of materia medica, therapeutics and 
minor surgery as will enable him to give sound advice and 
suitable treatment in the minor ailments and accidents; in 
addition he must have that highei: knowledge for use in the 
wards which enables the experienced nurse to appreciate the 
condition of those who are seriously 111." 

In other words, he must be an educated man in the full 
meaning of the word, and he must be an expert nurse. Now. 
enlisted men with a very limited education— if the three R's 
can be .called " education '*— and with a good character and 
a few years of army experience, can be promoted to post ord- 
nance, commissary, and quartermaster sergeants. 

Let these sergeants get $75 per month, and be called 
" Mister," if they want, but give more encouragement to the 
education and character and experience of stewards and act- 
ing hospital stewards. 

When a carpenter in the navy gets $75 per month and 
board, should acting stewards receive less? The comparison 
is actually ricidulous. A graduate nurse in civil life very sel- 
dom gets less than $20 per week and board. An acting stew- 
ard must be an expert nurse and a pharmacist. At present 
his wajres are but $30 per month, the full steward $45 per 
month. The very least that an acting steward in the army 
should receive is $75 a month with full clothing allowance, 
and the hospital or full steward a first lieutenant's pay. An 
addition of $10 per month to privates of the hospital corps 
would also secure far better nurses. 

RiCHABP E. Delanet, 
Hospital Corps Nurse. 
Fort Adams, R. I., December 8, IflOl. 

THE MEDICAL SUPPLY SERVICE. 

Its Recent Organization Severely Criticised From the Pharma- 
cists' Point of View. 

To the Editor of the Sun—Sir: The letter published in your 
columns this morning concerning the inadequate pay received 



by hospital stewards touches upon one of the weakest spots 
in the organization of the United States Army— namely, the 
medical supply service. 

The system upon which the medical supply service of the 
army ;s organized is fairly well suited to the handful of regu- 
lars scattered in small detachments all over the United States^ 
which constituted the United States Army prior to the Span- 
ish-American War. The hopeless inadequacy of this method 
of organization in the face of an emergency was most abun- 
dantly and disastrously demonstrated throughout the Spanish- 
American War, and more particularly in the earlier portions. 
Even so late in the war as the return of the regular army to 
Montauk Point we had the lamentable spectacle of the land- 
ing of several hundred invalids at a point which had been 
designated weeks before by the Government as a recuperative 
station, with absolutely no medical supplies on hand. 

As all persons familiar with the circumstances will recall, 
the hospital at Montauk Point had from one to two thousand 
patients constantly on its rolls, and at the head of the separate 
divisions of this hospital, such as the quartermaster's diviaion, 
commissary division, the record division and the dispensing 
division, there were hospital stewards with the rank and pay 
of sergeants. The surgeons were nominally in charge, but had 
no detailed knowledge of what was going on in their respective 
departments, their time being fully occupied with attention to 
the sanitary and medical aspects of the departments under 
their supervision. The surgeons were not to blame for this,, 
for the fault lies with the organization of the service. 

Some idea of the importance of the work of each of these 
divisions may be drawn from the fact that in the record di- 
vision the sergeant had at one time ^xty clerks continuously 
at work. Each ward surgeon brought over his ward book of 
cases after each tour of duty to this sergeant (not to a com- 
missioned officer), and under his direction all the record work 
of this large central hospital was carried on, and carried on, 
to his credit be it said, satisfactorily. In the dispensing di- 
vision there were as many as fifteen dispensers, and in order 
to secure the services of a man with some special pharma- 
ceutical skill and training this division was put in charge of 
a volunteer hospital steward who had been in the army only 
five months, though he was a very competent phjirmacist. a 
graduate of the Massachusetts College of Pharmacy. This 
sergeant had complete control of the di^ensing division, and 
when under the caustic <*riticism of the daily papers the hos- 
pital authorities realized the necessity for taking immediate 
steps to secure necessary supi)lie8 without waiting longer on 
official red tape which was delaying the arrival of tlie sup- 
plies already ordered, this steward purchased some thousands 
of dollars' worth of supplies wholly upon his own Judgment 
as to the needs of the case. One of the commissary stewards 
had under his charge at one time $35,000 worth of supplies 
for invalids and convalescents, and while he may not have 
appeared in the army medical service as being responsible 
for these supplies, he was de facto in absolute ,control of them. 

The difficulty is that our present system does not meet the 
need for skill among pharmacists who should have charge of 
the medical supply service. The surgeon-general states that 
there is no need for a pharmacist in the army. This might 
have been true ten years ago, but it is no longer so, and the 
mere detailing of surgeons to act as medical purveyors is 
wholly inadequate to meet the needs of the case. 

In 1865, at the close of the Civil War, a correspondent of 
the Army and Navy Journal outlined a comprehensive plan 
for putting the entire medical supply service in the charge 
of an expert corps of pharmacists, with rank graded from 
that of colonel for the pharmacist-in-chlef to sergeant The 
members of this corps, who would hold commissions, would 
replace at a lower range of salary those medical officers who 
are now detailed to act as medical purveyors, thereby effecting 
an economy in salaries. Having this special branch of work 
as their permanent vocation, and having an opportunity for 
advancement In it, they would take a more intelligent and 
keener interest therein. All of these officers would be so 
graded and assigned as to always be lower in rank than the 
medical officers under whom they are serving, and the entire 
corps would be within the medical department and under the 
control of the surgeon-general. This plan was very carefully 
elaborated by the correspondent In question, who wVote as one 
having had experience throughout the Civil War. 

Curiously enough, after the war with Spain, after a long 
and careful study of the matter, a plan Identical In almost 
every particular was elaborated and published by myself with- 
out any knowledge of the existence of the above plan. The 
fact that two independent students of this subject at an in- 
terval of thirty years should have hit upon precisely the same 
plan, is In itself an indication that the plan must have some 
merit in It. 

The late President McKInley once announced himself as 
being warmly In favor of some such reorganization, hut h\n 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD 



Iu<l(ii'si lufuc was DuUlfled by the action of Surgeon -GeuenU 
Steriiln-r);, who flatly and without Btatlng any reason theretor, 
SBVt; bin personal preference la the matter, said that the plan 
was nut a good one and would not be adopted. There la no 
imssiblllty of aii}r change being made !n this connection ao 
long as General Sternberg Is at the head of the army meiUcal 
department, for he so completely dominates the Committee on 
Military Aftairs that his opinions, whether correct or Incorrect, 
will outweigh any argument that may be submitted In favor 
of improving this branch of the army medical service. But 
General Sternberg retires early next year, and it Is to be hoped 
that his aucceesor will either be more liberal minded In this 
direction or that his opinion will have leas weight with Con- 
General Sternberg Is an officer of bigb scientlflc attain- 
ments, bnt as an organizer he is not a consplcooue success, 
and save for the brilliant assistance rendered him hy some of 
his Immediate subordinates he would have made a conspicuous 
failure during the Spanish- American War. When that war 
began no one waa so positive aa he that women nurses were 
not wanted. Before It closed there was a corps of women . 
nurses In the army with a woman at the head of IL He baa 
been most positive that pharmacists are not needed In the 
army, but I am confident that he will live to see them Intro- 
duced to the great betterment of the service. 

Caswell A. Mato. 
Editor of the Amestcan Druocist .\sn Phaemaceutical 

RECor.i). 
New York, December 13. 

OENBBAL STXRKBERG'S POSITION tmTBHABLK. 

Cabweli. a. Mayo, Editor American Dbuggist awd Phar- 
maceutical Record: 

Sir —Id to-day's Sun I saw a letter from you, dealing with 
the question of improvement In the army medical service sup- 
ply. I wish to say that I thlnh that your opinion Is one that 
almost every physician who served In the volnnteer army dur- 
ing the war with Spain will concur in. I served in the capaci- 
ties of hospital steward and assistant surgeon, and was on 
duty at the First Division Hospital, Second Army Corps, 
CampE Alger and Meade, and so feel that I am qualified to 
speak. I am of the opinion that all volunteer surgeons, who 
had had any experience In hospital and civil practice, were 
often Incensed at the apparent disregard for the needs of the 
Held hospitals In the way of modern medical supplies. The 
medical supply lists were about twenty-flve to thirty years be- 
hind the practice of the time In which we were serving. 

General Sternberg's position that there is no need of phar- 
macists In the army Is untenable. Were there more pharma- 
cists the service would be better. It la my experience that 1 
get much better results from freshly compounded prepara- 
tions than I do from tablets, and I believe that any physician 
who will give the time and thought necessary to the study of 
the matter, and write correct prescriptions, will agree with 
this statement. Every regiment In the Held or In garrison 
needs at least one good pharmacist I believe that one reason 
for the profexsional stagnation of the surgeons of the army 
is tbelr unfamlliarity with drugs. Very sincerely, 

Geo. C. Merrimas. M.D. 

547 Adams Ave,. Scranton. Pa., Decem1>er 20. 1901. 



THE ANTI-SODA WATER LAV. 



Moving to Test Its Constitutionalitr. 

While no ilet-lBive action has as yet bee.n taken either to 
amend Chaptrr 494 oC the Laws of 1900, which practically 
forbids the manufacture of soda water in premises used 
either wholly or In part as dwelllngfi, or to nullify it by having 
It declared unconstltutloaal. neither the drug nor confection- 
ery trade or the manufacturers of carbonatlng machines 
have been idle since the decision of the Appellate Division of 
the Supreme Court was banded down confirming the con- 
viction of a confectioner under the law. 

A number of meetings have been held and the matter baa 
been dlaensaed very thoroughly. While It Is known that the 
original promoters of the measure had no Intention to harass 
the drug trade by Its passage. It Is also felt that the securing 
of an amendment would mean long and arduous work and 
great expense. On the coDtrarj-, the consensus of opinion Is 
that the Appellate Division's decision would not stand In a 
higher Court 

The American Drug Trade Protective Association, of 271 
Broadway, has been active for several weeks in endeavoring 
to impress upon the drug and kindred trades the Importance 
of decisive action in the matter before the arrival of the 
■ months, when interference with trade will mean 



considerable loss in profits. In talking of the matter recently, 
F. Howard Collins, counsel for the association, said: 

" There Is no doubt whatever that this law means unrea- 
sonable and unwarranted Interference with an occupation not 
Injurious to the community, and that It Is therefore uncon- 
stitutional. It was not intended to interfere with the manu- 
facture of soda water, except, perhaps, by those through 
whose connivance It was drawn up, -4 numl>er of decisions 
of the Appellate Division on the constitutionality of laws 
have been reversed by the Court of Appeals, and we are posi- 
tive that this one will be reversed If carried to that court. 

" It is the Intention of this association to recommend to the 
trade that a test case be made, founded upon a new arrest 
for alleged violation of the law, to flght it out on Its merits, 
every inch of the way. and then if it Is not killed In the lower 
courts to carry It up to the Coui-t of Appeals." 



ONMury. 



Edward Kemp. 

Edward Kemp, for four years president of the College of 
Pharmacy of the City of New York, died at bis home In this 
city of heart disease, on December 21. He had not been In good 
health since his return from bis annnal vacation In Europe 
last October. 

Mr. Kemp was head of the well-known firm of Lanmaii & 
Kemp, makers of Murray & Lanman's Florida Water and 
other successful proprietary preparations. He was born in 
Ireland in 1831. and was thus seventy-one years old at the 
time of his death. He came to this country in bis boyhood, 
accompanying his widowed mother, who settled In New Yorlt. 
His early experience was gained with the firm of Hussey &, 
Mdrray, at Old slip, and he was later connected with W. H. 
Halsey, a shellac importer, where he acquired a knowledge of 
the East India trade, and soon became recognized aa an expert 
In shellac. Indigo and East Indian products. In 1863 he en- 
tered the firm of Murray & Lanman, and the style of the firm 
was then changed to Lanman & Kemp, The Arm did then, as 
they do now, a large export business, and Mr. Kemp's earlier 
experience served him !u good stead; this, coupled with the ex- 
ercise of excellent business judgment, contributed greatly to the 
success of Lanman & Kemp. After the death of Mr. Lanman, 
Mr. Kemp took on his brother, George, as a partner in the firm. 
Mr. Kemp was chosen president of the College of Pharmacy of 
the City of New York at the annual meeting Id March, 1896. 
and he was re-elected president annually thereafter until IftW, 
when he was succeeded by Professor Chandler. 

Mr. Kemp was fond of displaying his power, and he liked 
the homage of the people among whom he bad cast his lot. 
Gossips tell a story, which Is probably more or less exag- 
gerated, which Illustrates this phase of bis character. The 
story, which we find In the Newark News. Is to the effect that 
at one time, many years ago, he wanted the men who were 
employed on his cotmtry place to tip their hats to him when 
he met them. The men got together and agreed that they 
would not do this. The next time Mr. Kemp sauntered out 
on his lawu where the men were at work they looked up at 
him and then continued at their work without raising thi-lr 
hats. Our ni.Tii. who wjis working n little apart from the 



22 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



others, tipped bis bat as Mr. Kemp came up. Mr. Kemp 
stopped, put bis band in his pool^et, took out a $5 bill and 
handed it to the man. When the other men saw this they 
turned green with envy. According to the legend they went 
down to the barnyard and began to eat hay, saying that men 
who would not raise their hats for $6 apiece ought to herd 
with cattle, because they did not have human intelligence. 

Mr. Kemp was for years a member of the Sixth Company 
in the Seventh Regiment. He went to Washington with the 
regiment during the CiTil War. He was largely instrumental 
in bringing about the erection of the Seventh Regiment Ar- 
mory Building. 

His will was filed on December 31. It was executed on 
December 9, and two codicils were added on the two following 
days. Mrs. Augusta Kemp, his widow, receives her husband's 
furniture, library and $100,000 in cash. A life interest in Mr. 
Kemp's farm, on the Rumson Road, on the Shrewsbury River, 
New Jersey, is also left to her. 

George, William and Edward Kemp, jr., nephews of the 
testator, are left $100,000 each, and $100,000 is bequeathed in 
trust for Mrs. Eliza Caldwell, a sister of Mr. Kemp. Other 
relatives are remembered. George Massey gets $50,000 in 
recognition of his long connection with the firm of Lanman & 
Kemp, and the residue of the estate is divided between Mr. 
Kemp's nephews. By the last codicil $50,000 is to be divided 
among the employees of the firm. 

The firm expired on December 31, according to the will, and 
the executors are authorized to form a new firm, investing not 
more than $500,000 of the funds of the estate. 

WILUAM TOWNLEY CASK. ^ 

On December 23, 1901, G. F. Boehringer & Soehne*s Ameri- 
can branch, Emil Levi, manager, 5 and 7 Gedar street, issued 
the following notice to the trade: 

Having received namerooB inquiries from tlie friends of oar former 
represenutlve, W. T. Case, as to his healtb and tbe possibility of his 
vlsitinff them sjKain, we beg to inform you that Mr. Case has finally 
deeidea to remain abroad, as the state of his health will not permit him 
to avain take up the arduous tssk of traveling. 

Mr. Case has represented us faithfully for many years, and the 
sterling qualities of his character have made for him many friends, 
who. we are sure, will regret his retirement as much as we do. 

In this connection we beg to say that, as long as we have no repre- 
sentative on the road, any orders from our friends will be carefully 
executed by sending them direct to the house. 

Six days later, on December 29, the intelligence was re- 
ceived of the death of Mr. Case at Ardlelgh, Sussex, England, 
of cancer. Mr. Case was bom in Liverpool, England, in 1842. 
He was apprenticed to a manufacturing establishment, and 
after serving his time, went on the road in the interest of the 
firm. Later he became connected with a large exporting firm 
in London, and traveled considerably in pursuit of business in 
Eastern countries. He also represented his firm for a time in 
America, visiting Mexico, the West Indian Islands and the 
Central American States. In 1888 he settled in the United 
States, forming a connection with Merck & Co., and two years 
later with the New York house of Boehrlnger & Soehne. Mr. 
Case was widely known in the wholesale trade, and he was a 
familiar figure at the annual conventions of the National 
Wliolesale Druggists' Association, at which he usually served 
oil the Committee of Entertainment. 

JOHN D. TITSWOBTH. 

John D. Titsworth, widely known for many years as a drug 
broker, and of late as manager of the downtown branch of 
Merck & Co., at 100 William street, died from a stroke of 
apoplexy, on Saturday, January 4, while on his way from New 
York to his home in Plainfield, N. J., in a Jersey Central train. 
A few moments after the train left Bayonne, Mr. Titsworth 
complained of feeling unwell. He handed his card to a gentle- 
man sitting beside him, and asked if he would assist him. 
When the train reached Westfield he was dead. Mr. Titsworth 
was a prominent member of the Jerusalem Lodge of Masons, 
and was sixty years old at the time of his death. He is sur- 
vived by his wife and two sons, Alonzo H. and Nathan R. Tits- 
worth. 

CHABLBS BAUMBACH. 

Major Charles Baumbach, prominent in the drug business 
at Milwaukee since the early sixties, died at his home in that 
city on Tuesday, December 24, aged 61 years. He engaged in 
the drug businesli with Theodore Gerbhardy in 1864, and 1886 
the firm was incorporated as the Charles Baumbach Company, 
with Major Baumbach as the president. Two years later the 
establishment was destroyed by fire, but was immediately re- 
opened and did a large business. A few years ago Major 
Baumbach disposed of his interest to F. T. Yahr and L. A. 



Lange, the latter a well-known Chicago drug man, and the 
name of the corporation has since been changed to the Yahr & 
Lange Drug Company. Major Baumbach, however, re- 
engaged in business as the head of the firm of Baumbach, 
Reichel & Co. He is survived by three children. He was a 
member of the Grand Army of the Republic and the Loyal 
Legion. 

F. E. BOEBICKE. 

Dr. Francis Edward Boericke, the prominent homeopathic 
pharmacist, died recently at his residence at Overbrook, Pa., 
aged 74 years. He had been an invalid for the last fifteen 
years. Bom in Glauchau. Saxony, in 1826, Francis Edward 
Boericke came to this country during the Revolution of 1848, 
and made his home in this city. His father was a prominent 
manufacturer and exporter of woolen goods in Glauchau. 
Soon after his arrival here the young man obtained a position 
as bookkeeper with Plata, a well-known dry goods merchant 
in Philadelphia. Following this he became a partner in Andie's 
music store. In 1852 he joined the Church of the New Jeru- 
salem, and opened a store where religious books were sold in 
Sixth street, below Chestnut A year later he was induced by 
Dr. Constantine Hering to turn his attention to the preparation 
of homeopathic medicines, and by his proficiency and indus- 
try soon gained the confidence of leading homeopathists in the 
country. In 1854 he married Miss Eliza Tafel, and in 1863 as- 
sociated with himself in the pharmacy business as a partner. 
Adolph Tafel, his brother-in-law. Dr. Boericke was graduated 
from the Hahnemann College in 1863. He received a scholar- 
ship and delivered lectures on pharmacy for some time. In 
1864 he added to his business an establishment for publishing 
homeopathic works, and soon enlarged his trade by estab- 
lishing branches throughout the country. In 1893 Major Tafel 
died, and after that the firm consisted of Dr. Boericke, Dr. F. 
A. Boericke, his son, and Adolph L. Tafel. 

Josiah Landis, a prominent Philadelphia druggist, died re- 
cently in that city, aged 79. 

Robert G. Creamer, formerly a druggist of Patersoa, N. J., 
died recently at the Soldiers* Home, at Hampton, Va. 

O. C. Hale, druggrist, of La Crosse, Wis., died recently In 
that city. He was 52 years old. 

James Hervey, the veteran druggist, of Dubuque, died at 
his residence In that city on December 18. He was sixty-eight 
years of age. 

Adam Conrath, a well-known druggist, of Milwaukee, Wis., 
died recently in that city. He was a native of Germany, and 
was 52 years old. He was for some years a partner of Chris- 
tian Widule, and in 1882 was appointed a member of the Wis- 
consin Board of Pharmacy. He was a member of the Ameri- 
can Pharmaceutical Association. 

James C. Roller, who was for many years manager for 
Smith, Kline & French Company, Philadelphia, died at his 
home, 1703 North Eighteenth street, in that city on Januai*y 
6. Mr. Roller, for the past year and a half, had been out of 
business, his health not permitting him to do work of any 
character. Mr. Roller was one of the best known drug men 
in Philadelphia, and for many years prior to his connection 
with Smith, Kline & French Company was the head of the 
firm of Roller &, Shoemaker. 

Governor Rogers, of the State of Washington, who died at 
Olympia on December 26, had once been a druggist He was 
born in Brunswick, Maine, on September 24, 1828, and re- 
ceived his education in the village schools. He left home when 
still a young boy, and went to Boston, where he learned the 
drug business. From 1851 to 1856 he was manager of a drug 
store in Boston, and then went to Mississippi, where he estab- 
lished a drug business of his own. In 1870 he returned to 
Maine, and for five years conducted a drug store in his native 
town. 

John C. McKee, late of Peterborough, Ontario, where he 
conducted a large retail drug business for many years, but 
who had for some time been detailing physicians in the United 
States for W. Lloyd Wood, general agent in Canada and the 
United States for Allen & Hanburys, Ltd., London, England, 
walked into the offices of that firm at 81-83 Fulton street, this 
city, on Saturday morning, December 21, and died in a chair 
about fifteen minutes after entering the place. He had just 
arrived from Bridgeport, Conn., and went to the oflSce after 
seeing his wife off on the train for Toronto. Mr. McKee was 
well and favorably known in Canadian drug circles, and was 
for many years a member of the Council of the Ontario Col- 
lege of Pharmacy. He leaves a widow and two sons in To- 
ronto, where his body was taken for interment. 



-J 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



23 



GREATER NEW YORK. 

Fire at 22, 24 and 26 Reade street on December 22 caused 
a loss of sereral thousand dollars In the perfumery manufac- 
turing estahUshment of the Theodore Blcksecker Company. 

Charles B. Meek, of Brooklyn, and John Budderman, of 
Astoria, are directors of the \'niole8ale Drug Trade Bowling 
Association, of New York City, incorporated with the Secre- 
tary of State. 

A Christmas tree coming into contact with a lighted gas 
Jet in the window of Claude Johnson's drug store, at 389 
Clinton street, Brooklyn, started a fire on Christmas Day 
which caused a damage of $500. 

The contents of the drug store at 419 Sixth avenue were 
recently sold by the sheriff under an execution against Charles 
H. Wettlin for $835, In favor of Braen. Bitchey & Co., the sale 
realizing about $500. Mr. Wettlin began business there in 
March last 

The Yitone Manufacturing Company, of New York City, 
nave been incorporated at Albany with a capital of $100,000. 
Directors: John Lindemann, Charles II. Grube and Valentine 
Fink, of New York City. They will manufacture medicinal 
tonics, etc. 

A lad named Harry Hunt, employed in a drug store at 
158th street and Courtlandt avenue, distinguished himself by 
rare honesty a few days after Christmas by depositing at a 
police station a bag containg diamonds, Jewels and banknotes 
to the value of several thousands of dollars, which he had 
found on the street. 

Willis H. Lowe, of 247 Atlantic avenue, Boston, was in 
town last week looking after the interest of his Wil-low brand 
specialties in perfumery material for the drug trade. Mr. 
Lowe, who has many friends throughout the trade, is very 
enthusiastic over his new line, and to judge from his order 
book his enthusiasm is contagious. 

Miss Wilhelmina Gertz and Walter Peters, of Passaic, N. 
J., were married on Christmas in St Joseph's Polish Church. 
Miss Gertz is a German, while the groom is a Pole. Both are 
well educated and graduated druggists. The marriage is the 
culmination of a romance that began in August, 1901, when 
Miss Gertz was taking a summer course at the New York 
College of Pharmacy. 

Clifford Bamsdell, formerly of the firm of Daggett & Bams- 
dell, retail druggists. New York, has taken charge of the West- 
em branch of the Fraser Tablet Triturate Manufacturing Com- 
pany, at 28 Washington street, Chicago, where a first-class 
prescription pharmacy is conducted under his management. 
Mr. Bamsdell will no doubt be pleasantly remembered by 
many of his quondam acquaintances in Manhattan. 

** Every employee will receive as a Christmas present a sum 
equal to one-half his weeldy salary " was the welcome notice 
which greeted the employees of E. Mllhau's drug store, at 167 
Broadway, the day before Christmas. The effect of the lib- 
erality was shown in the smiling faces and alert actions of 
every one about the place, from the soda boy to the manager. 
The example is one to be most heartily commended. 

The American Drug Company, of Newark, N. J., have been 
incorporated. The local agent is Charles F. Gerdes and the 
principal office is located at 800 Broad street. The objects «re 
to consolidate and conduct drug stores, to manufacture drugs, 
medicines, chemicals, paint, etc. The authorized capital is 
placed at $126,000, of which $2,100 is paid in by Charles F. 
Gerdes, Arthur W. Gerdes and Leonard Wishart 

A petition in involuntary bankruptcy has been filed against 
Louis I. Cherey, dealer in drugs and druggists' sundries, at 
150 Bowery, by the following creditors; Max S. Birkhahn. 
$115; William C. Bice, $100, and Hyman Schlmkovitz, $400. 
It was alleged that he is insolvent, and on January 2 admitted 
in writing his inability to pay his debts and willingness to be 
adjudged bankrupt. He has been in business several years. 

Scliedules in the assignment of Max Zeller, wholesale dealer 
in drugs at 37 Bowery, show liabilities $110,690, nominal assets 
$63,7.35 and actual assets $39,716. The principal items in the 
assets are: Stock, nominal. $31,726; actual, $13,370; book ac- 
counts, nominal, $80,337; actual, $25,000; cash in bank, $1,132. 
There are nearly 600 creditors, among them being Edward 
Zeller, of Stuttgart, Germany, $26,983; Blise Zeller, of Eis- 
lingen, Germany, $7,200; Louise Stumpp, of EisUngen, $3,884; 
Julius Zeller, of New York, $16,071, and Oscar Loeffler, $2,678. 

Cornelius A. Van der Sande, a druggist, 30 years old, who 
recently bought out a drug store at 132 Bedford avenue, Wil- 



liamsburg and was to have started in business for himself^ 
has been missing since December 2d, Van der Sande formerly 
had charge of a drug store in Hoyt street, Brooklyn, and 
through frugality managed to save enough money to buy the 
Bedford avenue store. He moved in rooms over the store and 
on Thursday morning he set out for the Internal Bevenue 
office to get a license. He paid for it and was told it would 
be mailed to him. After leaving the revenue office Van der 
Sande went to a nearby stationery store. Since then all trace 
of him has been lost His wife notified the police. 

Dr. Herman C. H. Herold has been served with notice of 
four suits for damages, aggregating $40,800, to be brought 
against him as Collector of Internal Bevenue of the Newark* 
N. J., district in the Supreme Court, by Johnson & Johnson, 
manufacturers of 'medicines and surgical supplies, of New 
Brunswick. The suits are brought for stamp taxes assessed 
upon various preparations made by the plaintiffs, under the 
act of June 13, 1898, relating to proprietary medicines. John- 
son & Johnson claimed that the articles in question were not 
taxable under the law, and the matter was referred to the 
Commissioner of Internal Bevenue, who decided against them. 
They sue for the money paid out for the stamps. 

The monthly meeting of the New York Section of the 
American Chemical Society was held at the Chemists' Club, 
108 West Fifty-fifth street, on Friday evening, January 10. 
The programme for the evening was as follows: William Jay 
Schieffelln and William B. Lamar, '* The estimation of lithium 
in lepidolite; " A. L. Winton, Experiment Station, New Haven, 
Conn., "The relation of microscopical analysis to chemical 
analysis in the examination of human foods, cattle foods and 
other vegetable products;" James F. Norris, Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology, Boston, "The commercial synthesis 
of indigo; " James Locke, Yale University, New Haven, Conn., 
"On the solubility of some Isomorphous double sulphates;** 
George E. Hosch, "A gravimetric method for the estimation 
of hydrogen peroxide;" F. G. Wlechmann, "The ion theory 
and some of its applications; '* Charles B. Davis, " A new form 
of alkalimeter, with new method for estimating carbonic acid 
in carbonates." (Demonstration with apparatus.) 

RICHARD HUDNUT EXONBRATBD. 

After a thorough investigation Collector Bldwell has ex- 
onerated Bichard Hudnut, of 92& Broadway, from complicity 
in alleged smuggling operations conducted by a steward 
named Volkmar, of the Hamburg- American liner Graf Wal- 
dersee. Volkmar was arrested on November 23 charged with 
smuggling perfumes, some of which were traced to Hudnut's 
Pharmacy. Mr. Hudnut, it is stated, has proved to the satis- 
faction of the customs authorities that he did not know that 
duty had not been paid on the goods. 

TREASURER OF THE WAKEMAN FI^ND. 

George J. Seabury, of Seabury & Johnson, has subscribed 
$200, and is treasurer of a proposed fund of $20,000 to be 
raised for Wilbur F. Wakeman, ex- Appraiser of the Port, who 
was recently dismissed by President Boosevelt 



Bfitt, Loeffler & Co. 

The firm of Max Zeller & Co., wholesale druggists, 37 Bow- 
ery, New York, have been succeeded by Britt, Loeffler & Co., 
who have issued the following notice to the trade: 

The undersigned beg to inform you that they have pur- 
chased the stock and fixtures which formerly belonged to Max 
Zeller, 37 Bowery, New York. They will continue to do busi- 
ness at the old address, Import chemicals, herbs, roots, essen- 
tial oils and specialties. The members of the firm were all 
employees of Max Zeller, also of his predecessor, Julius Zeller, 
F. .7. Britt having been 21 years, Oscar Loeffler 16 years and 
Henry Koster 23 years in their service, during which time 
they have acquired a thorough knowledge of everything con- 
nected with the drug business. Britt, Loeffler & Co. 



Reof gfanization of the J* L* & D« St Riker G>. 

The following announcement was made by J. L. & D. S. 
RIker on January 1: 

" John L. Riker and William J. Riker have this day retired 
from active business and from this firm. 

"J. L. & D. S. Biker." 

The retirement from active business of these two men. who 
have been the senior partners of a house that for forty yearn 
has occupied a leading position in its trade in New York and 
wbioh was for many years one of the largest house.s in its 



34 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



line in the world, naturally occasioned much comment In the 
■trade. 

J. L. & D. S. Biker, commission merchants in drugs, started 
in business at 46 Cedar street forty-one years ago. It was 
afterward moved across the street to 46, and has remained 
there ever since. 

D. S. Riker died twelve years ago, but William J. Riker, 
who joined John L. Riker, of the original firm, was a partner 
tor many j-ears. 

John L. Hiker when seen said that he would retire from 
all active business. His brother, he said, means to spend much 
of his time in traveL John L. Riker, as well as his brother. Is 
Interested in many enterprises and is a director in several 
banks. 

Two sons carry on the business, which hAs practically been 
presented to them, and a few days since J. L. & D. S. Riker 
were incorporated at Albany with $100,000 capital. 



Our Edftonal on Red Albumen. 

A subscriber writes: " Let me congratulate you upon the 
** Blood Albumen '* editorial in the first December issue; you 
were surely * Johnny on the spot ' in that, and right up to the 
minute. The A. D. is a newspaper for druggists, as well as a 
pharmaceutical journal. The information that this editorial 
conveyed was well worth the price of a year's subscription to 
any pharmacist doing business in the rural districts. Although 
I well remembered the * Black Pepsin * fake, I did not tumble 
to the thing until I saw your editorial. I have cut out the page 
containing it, outlined it heavily with blue pencil and posted 
it in a conspicuous place, and refer all inquiries for ' red albu- 
men ' to the editorial, for, like other Long Island druggists, we 
have had hundreds of calls for the stuff. I had not attempted 
to fill any order for it but referred inquiries to the poulterers* 
supply houses. 

'* What made the enormous demand for it in this section 
was that it was boomed on the editorial page of the Brooklyn 
£Sagle, in the shape of a letter to the editor from an ' old sub- 
scriber,' and it came Just at the time when fresh eggs had 
suddenly advanced to 48 cents a dozen. Most Long Islanders 
would as quickly doubt the Bible as the Enjfle." 



The Liability of 



for the Sale of 



Defined 



From W. H. Torbert, wholesale druggist, Dubuque, Iowa, 
we have received the text of the decision of the Supreme Court 
of the State of Iowa in a case defining the liability of the 
druggist in the sale of dangerous drugs. In communicating 
the decision to the American Druooist, Mr. Torbert says: 
" This case is .one without parallel in the jurisprudence of 
Europe and America, and it defines the definite status of any 
pharmacist for liability where he furnishes the article called 
for, labeled correctly, and an accident sul)seQuently occurs 
occasioning bodily Injury to the purchaser.'* Mr. Torbert 
adds: ** I will appreciate it if you will emphasize the fact that 
I have made this fight running over four years, not only for 
myself, but in the interest and for the protection of the drug 
trade of the country, and have conducted it without aid or 
assistance from any source.'* 

The opinion of the court in part, is that: 

" A\ lien a person who has reached the age of discretion, and 
who is apparently in the possession of his mental faculties, 
applies to a druggist for a certain drug, he represents to the 
dealer by Implication at least that he knows its properties and 
uses, and that he is a fit person to whom sale thereof may be 
made, and that unless there is something connected with th€ 
transaction or something previously known to the seller, indi- 
cating that the would be purchaser cannot safely be intrusted 
with the substance, the sale of the substance called for may 
be made without explaining its properties or the manner in 
which it may safely be used or handled, and that under such 
circumstances the seller is not liable in damages for injuries 
to the purchaser resulting from the improper use or handling 
of the article, no matter how little knowledge the purchaser 
may in fact have had of its properties or of the manner in 
which it could not be safely used or handled. It appears clear 
to us that the vender's legal duty to such a purchaser can go 
no further than to give him the Identical substances he calls 
for." 



Telephonic Sight* 

According to cable dispatches from Brussels a Dr. Sylvestre, 
formerly an American, but now a naturalized French phy- 
sician, has Invented a spectograph, which enables users of the 
telephone to soo vixch other. 



WESTER N NE W YORK. 

Boffalo Drugglsto Complain of Slack Btttloeis— Smallpox of a Mikf 
Type Still Prevakut-— Cuitoms Attthortttes Busy with Opitsm 
Qua — ^An Ambtttous Woman Phannadst* 



{From our Regular Correspondent.) 

Bufi'alo, January 9.— For some time past there has been 
much complaint of poor business on the part of the Buffalo 
druggists. The holiday harvest of old has not fallen to their 
part to any amount since the department store was estab- 
lished, and nothing of the sort is looked for now, but some- 
how the business of this time of the year has grown worse 
instead of better, even since it was supposed that these rivals 
had taken all special gains out of the Christmas season. 

SMALLPOX DYIHa OUT. 

Buffalo is enjoying a continuation of general health, even 
with an obstinate smallpox visitation among the Polish work- 
ing population of a small portion of the east side, but, as seems 
the rule of late with this disease, it is very mild, scarcely 
any one dying of It, and a great part of the cases being of 
days' or weeks' standing before they are discovered. It is the 
very mildness of the disease that makes it so hard to fight, 
as the people are not afraid of it and often keep at work days 
after being taken with it, some even being able to keep at 
work and conceal it till fairly well again. The health au- 
thorities have worked with great persistence on the Infected 
district and now appear to be In command of the situation. 
At least, the fear of its spreading over the city has so com- 
pletely departed that the sale of vaccine virus has almost 
ceased. 

OPIUM SMUOOLERS ON THE BORDER. 

The customs authorities have been very busy of late with 
opium cases. Buffalo is bo near the Canadian border and so 
well supplied with Chinamen that it is always a point where 
smuggling of this and similar drugs is to be looked for. It is 
usually claimed that the poor Celestial Is a mere tool of the 
sharper native, but he appears to be a very willing one usual- 
ly and as often as any way is in the game on his own account 
In December, 1900, a lot of 29% pounds of opium was sehsed 
here in the cellar of a Chinese store, that had been smuggled 
in from China through British Columbia. It was sold on the 
last day of last year to local Chinamen for $9 a pound, not 
much more than enough to pay the duty on it Since that 
time several Chinamen have been punished for selling opium 
without labels and otherwise violating the law. 

AN AMBITIOUS WOMAN PHARMACIST. 

The city drug store of George B. Jenkins & Co. has been 
sold to Mrs. F. B. Locke, wife of the Seneca street druggist 
Mrs. Locke graduated last spring from the Buffalo College of 
Pharmacy and appears to be ambitious to take up the business 
on her own account. Mr. Jenkins has gone to Denver to take 
up the same business. Some of the local drug men shake 
their heads at the venture, as they say that competition In 
the trade is much fiercer in the West than it is East. 

PRESENTATION TO THOMAS 6T0DDART. 

Thomas Stoddart, the well-kno\^Ti Buffalo druggist, who is 
president of the New York State Pharmaceutical Association, 
has just been given a most fiattering token of the esteem in 
which he is held by the members of the St. Andrew's Scottish 
Society, of which he has just retired as president. The gift 
was a Gebble edition of the works of Robert Bums. The edi- 
tion comes in six volumes, and few finer editions of any author 
have been published. On the front fiy leaf of the first volume 
is engrossed the emblem of the society and the following in- 
scription: 

" Presented to Thomas Stoddart, Esquire, by St Andrew's 
Scottish Society, December lOth. 1901." 

The presentation was made by John Carter, who succeeded 
Mr. Stoddart as president of the society. Appropriate remarks 
accompanied the presentation, and were briefiy responded to 
by Mr. Stoddart. Mr. Stoddart served five terms as president 
of tlio St. Andrew's Society. 

BUFFALO NEWS NOTES- 

Druggist Neil McEachren is still a candidate for the chair- 
manship of the Buffalo Board of Aldermen. 

F. N. Alderman, of 901 William street, Buffalo, has sold 
his drug store to W. Diefenbach. E. A. Darrow remains as 
manager. 

Henry Deuchler, of the druggist firm of Keller & Deuchler, 
Is agent for Horlich's malted milk and travels all over West- 
ern Now York as liis special territory. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



2S 



Walker &, Lathbury, at Vermont and West avenue, Buffalo, 
have sold their drug store to E. R. L. Smith, who has another 
store at West avenue and School street. 

C. W. Snow & Co., of Syracuse, have been Incorporated at 
Albany with a capital stock of $80,000. The company will do 
a general drug business. The incorporators are Charles W. 
Snow, Orrin J. Snow and Nelson P. Snow. 

A new drug store has been opened at Main and Virginls 
streets by Hayden & Twokey, two young men, lately clerks 
In the Wiltsie store on the same comer. A race is apparently 
on for the business of that locality. 

A. H. Reimann, son of Secretary George Relmann, of the 
western branch of the State Board of Pharmacy, who has 
been In the drug store of his uncle at Sag Harbor for some 
time, has taken a position in the Scheldt drug store in 
Brooklyn. 

The Erie County Pharmaceutical Association has lapsed 
Into inactivity of late, which is always a sign that the trade 
is going along very smoothly. There are some irregularities, 
but nothing that looks like an outbreak of price cutting, so the 
least done in the case the better. 

The next meeting of the Buffalo Druggists' Social Club will 
take place in Orpheus Parlors, Music Hall Building, January 
15. There will be an entertainment by the specialty troupe 
of the club in light theatricals, after which dancing will be 
the order of the evening. The club Is in a flourishing condi- 
tion, and the proceedings grow In Interest so rapidly that the 
management is very much encouraged with what seemed a 
-doubtful undertaking when the club was organized last fall. 

The Buffalo Druggists' Bowling Club has at length settled 
down on the High street alleys for permanent practice and Is 
now making them smoke every Friday afternoon, which has 
for a long time been the regular date. There are 26 members 
of the club and they keep four alleys very warm. The match 
game with Cleveland is off for the present, the change of 
alleys having something to do with the postponement. A 
game with the Unions, of Buffalo, is to come off soon, but the 
druggists were obliged to decline the invitation to join the 
tournament soon to open in the city, as it was felt that too 
much time would be required. 



MASSACHUSETTS. 



Meeting of the Boston Druggists' Association— Discussing the 
Question of Re-registratloa— Nexr Ltcentlates— Officers ot the 
M C P. to be Enteftained— The Purity of Drugs in Massa- 
chusetts — ^Impure Flavoring Extracts — News of the Hub* 



Central New York Altsmm Banquet* 

The Central New York students and alumni of the New 
York Ck>llege of Pharmacy held their second annual banquet 
at Utlca on December 26. About forty of the alumni, students 
and invited friends attended. 

Dr. H. B. Ferguson, of Little Falls* now Instructor in the 
College of Pharmacy, was toastmaster. The toasts were re- 
sponded to as follows: The Presidency, Arthur S. Evans, '97, 
of Utica; The Secretaryship, Frank N. Rutherford, '97, of 
Utlca; A Post-Graduate's Hardship, Dr. Gordon L. Hager. 
'97, of Rome; I Wished I Was One, Edward F. Greene, Utica; 
I Will Be One, Emll Hansman, Utica; What It Is to Be a Good 
Representative, F. J. Dwyer, Utlca; I Am One, J. H. Howarth, 
'03, Utica; I Am to Be One, William J. McGurty, Little Falls; 
What We Will Be, J. R. Vickers, Utica; I Won't Be a Dead 
One, Bert Ambrose, Utica. 

Among others present were: William Watson, jr., president 
of the Utica Retail Druggists' Association; William F. Cox- 
son and Arthur J. Bauer, of Blaikie's; Harry J. Broughton, 
H. E. Richards, W. M. Pritchard, of Rome; G. A. Walsh, 
Little Falls; Willard H. Roberts, Jay R. Vickers, R. W. John- 
son, William Brown, E. C. Ecyke, F. W. Preston, H. Preston, 
E. F. Green, M. J. Slavin, Emil C. Hansman, H. D. Staphen- 
beck, of Utica. 

Regrets were read from Charles F. Chandler, of Columbia 
University, president of the New York College of Pharmacy; 
Dr. H. H. Rusby, the dean; Prof. Virgil Coblentz, Prof. George 
A. Ferguson, Prof. George C. Dlekman, Thomas F. Main, 
secretary; C. O. Bigelow, treasurer, and Charles S. Erb, pres- 
ident of the alumni association; O. J. Griffin, assistant secre- 
tary, all of the college. Regrets were also received from 
Dr. Rudolph Gies, A. Meinicke, Eugene A. McCaffery, New 
York; B. K. Davidson, Buffalo; Prof. John Oehler, New York; 
William A. Hoburg, formerly secretary of the alumni asso- 
ciation; Prof. Smith Ely Jelliffe, Dr. Leroy Thomas, Samuel 
W. Fairchild, trustee of the college, all of New York; F. C. 
Berry, Malone; Dan D. Bronson, Lowvllle; Charles M. Beebe, 
Hamilton. 

A permanent organization was formed to be called the 
Central New York Alumni Association of the New York Col- 
lege of Pharmacy. The following officers were elected: Pres- 
ident, Dr. Gordon L. Hager, of Rome; secretary, Bert Am- 
brose, of Utioa: sergeant>at-arms, Edward J. Martin, of Utica; 
treasnr^^r. William J. >f((turtv. of Llttlo Falls. 



{From our Regular Correspondent,) 

Boston, January 8.— The last meeting of the Boston Drug- 
gists' Association was held at Young's Hotel on the evening 
of December 31. The guests and speakers were Frederick 
G. Pettigrove, chairman of the Prison Commission, and Joseph 
F. Scott, superintendent of the Concord Reformatory. They 
spoke upon prison reform and matters appertaining thereto. 
The following committees were appointed: On annual dinner, 
George H. Ingraham, James O. Jordan and Fred. A« Hubbard; 
on nomination of officers, Joel S. Ome, George H. Ingraham 
and Hon. Gorham D. Gllman. Then followed a general dis- 
cussion by the members of this question: "Are we, or are 
we not, opposed to re-registration in this State for pharma- 
cists?" The yes side brought up the following speakers: 
Messrs. Canning, Nixon, Hoyt, Adams and Tilden. Those 
who opposed the idea were Messrs. Gllman, Sawyer, Ingra- 
ham, Flynn, Roskell and Bartlet. The vote which followed 
showed a majority of two opposed to re-reglstration. During 
the discussion it was stated that the re-registration question 
had recently been considered at a conference between the 
members of the board and the officers of the M. S. P. A«, 
and that it was decided not to ask for the legislation during 
the present year. President Nixon of the board will prepare 
and read a paper on this subject at the coming meeting of 
the M. S. P. A. 

LICENSED BT THE BOARD OF PHARMACY. 

A meeting of the Board of Registration in Pharmacy for 
examinations was held December 31. Ten candidates were 
examined and the following were granted certificates of 
registration: Daniel W. Trickey, Boston; John A. Stanton, St. 
Johnsbury, Vt; James P. Lynde, Webster; Alvin F. Schmitter, 
Holyoke; Edward E. Griffin, Rockport; James M. O'Brien, 
Boston. 

The Association of the Alumni of the M. C. P., assisted 
by the Women's Club of the college, will give a reception to 
the trustees, faculty and students at the college building on 
the evening of January 15. The officers are making elaborate 
plans for entertainment, which Includes a class contest, re- 
freshments and dancing. A large attendance and a Jolly 
time is anticipated. 

According to last month's report of the State Board of 
Health, 94 samples of drugs were examined, of which 44 were 
found to vary from the legal standard. The samples of drugs 
found te be adulterated were acidum tannicum, capsicum, 
cera alba, cera flava, glycerinum, liquor calcis, oleum limonls, 
oleum olivae, sodii boras, sodli phosphas, spiritus setherls 
nitrosi, sulphur lotum, sulphur prsecipitatum, tinctura iodl. 
All of the samples of confectionery were found to be of 
good quality, but the six samples of flavoring extracts tested 
were all impure. 

BOSTON NOTES. 

There are five druggists in the legislature. 
Business in smallpox goods is quieting down. 

Now look out for the annual influx of bills inimical to the 
drug trade. 

William C. Pope is now in St. Louis acting as treasurer 
of the St. Louis Granule Company. 

O. B. Johnson, of the Dorchester district, is a recent pur- 
chaser of a fountain from James W. Tufts. 

The Christmas shopping was enormous in extent this year, 
and many of the drug stores did a good business and secured 
a share of the money. 

Stephen P. Sharpies, of Cambridge, is the State Assayer of 
Liquors, with a salary of $1,200. Governor Crane thinks the 
office a useless one, and that its functions should be assigned 
to the State Board of Health. Professor Sharpies does hot 
agree with the Grovemor. 

Prof. C. F. Chandler, of New York, delivered a lecture on 
the evening of December 17, before the Northeastern Section 
of the American Chemical Society, at the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology. His subject was The Electro-Chemi- 
cal Industries at Niagara Falls. It was replete with informa- 
tion and delivered with Professor Chandler's characteristic 
skill before a large audience. 



36 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



PENNSYLVANIA. 



Convention of tiie American Chemical Society a Notable Success— 
A New Discovery in Vaccination— Students of Pharmacy Play 
Basket Ball— Interruption to the Game* 



{From awr Regular Oarrespandent.) 
Philadelphia, January 9.— The twenty-fifth convention of 
the American Chemical Society was held in this city on De- 
cember 80 and 81, and according to President-Elect Ira Rem- 
sen it was the best meeting that has ever been held. " It 
was unusual," Professor Remsen said, " not only in point of 
attendance, but in the character of the papers and discussions 
and the enthusiasm of those who participated, and I think it 
win result in great benefit to the society." [A special report 
of the meeting will be found elsewhere in this issue.] 

VACCINATION ON THE NOSE. 

A number of years ago, when vaccination was first prac- 
ticed, it was the custom to perform the operation on the arm, 
but as civilization has progressed, and the women have be- 
come more desirous of attending balls and dressing in 
decoUette costume, the operations have been performed on 
other parts of the body, but generally in such places where 
the mark could not be seen. In some circles it has been a 
question what part of the anatomy was most susceptible to 
the vaccine virus. A head of one of the departments of 
Smith, Kline & French Company has his own views on the 
subject, and he considers the nose the most sensitive part of 
the anatomy to the action of virus. 

It appears that this gentleman has considerable to do with 
looking into all new goods that come into the place, and re- 
cently a vaccine point inclosed in paraffin wax. hermetically 
sealed, was brought to his attention. The seal was broken 
and the point, which was covered with glycerin, was ex- 
amined. In running his finger over the point the virus stuck 
to his finger, and as he had a cold in the head his hand made 
many trips to his nose during the day, and in some manner 
the virus was conveyed to the tip of his nasal organ, and 
now he has a full size vaccine mark, which does not add to 
the beauty of his physiognomy. 

PB ARM ACT STUDENTS PLAY BASKET BALL. 

On December 20 a basket ball game was played between 
the Medlco-Chi College pharmacy team and the team com- 
posed of students from the Philadelphia College of Phar- 
macy. The game was brought to a sudden termination in 
the middle of the second half by the referee's giving the game 
to the P. C. P boys. It appears that Medico-Chi had a player 
from one of the local professional teams playing forward, 
but the P. C. P. team did not learn of this fact until after 
the second half of the game was well under way. The P. C. 
P. team at once protested the game and left the floor, claim- 
ing that the game belonged to them, inasmuch as Medico-Chi 
was playing a professional. The referee then awarded thfe 
same to Medico-Chi by forfeit, but after he had consulted 
Secretary Kelly, of the A. A. U., he reversed his decision and 
j;ave the jrame to the P. C. P. The score at the time was 
tie at 8 to 8. Line-up: 

P. C. P. PosiTioy. 

Sloblg Forward 

D'Allenbentre Forward 

Scott Centre 

Kyle, Harmenlng Guard 

Holstein Gaard 



Mbdico-Chi. 
. Allen. 
. Oammon. 
. Hawkes. 
. Welmberger. 
O'Toode. 



QUAKER QTY ITEMS. 

The trustees of the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy 
held their regular stated meeting on January 8, but outside 
of routine business nothing was transacted. The students are 
all back at work after the holidays and everything is going 
along smoothly at the college. 

On January 8, the second of the course of popular lectures 
of the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy was given. These 
lectures are ail illustrated and there is a great demand for 
tickets. Dr. Samuel C. Schmucker gave an interesting dis- 
course on Little Brothers of the Air. 

The annual meeting of the Smith, Kline & French Company 
was held on January 11, and the present officers were re- 
elected. The report for the year showed the business done 
was greater than ever before and the company to be In a 
prosperous condition. 

Albert Silverthom, formerly with the Philadelphia Drug 
Company, has secured a position with Shoemaker & Busch, of 
this city. 



OHIO. 

Smallpox Epidemk Near Qncixmati A G>iiBpiracy of Sikace— 

Practically Ffce Telephone Service in OperaUon— The Volume 

of Holiday Trade — Evanston to have a Drug Store* 

(From our Regular Oorreepondeni.) 

Cincinnati, Jan. 9.— Smallpox is epidemic in Cincinnati and 
the suburban cities of Covington, Newport, Bellevue and Day 
ton, across the river in Kentucky, and the supply of vaccine 
virus has scarcely been equal to the demand, wliich has 
steadily increased. Druggists are interested in the announce- 
ment made the past week that Health Officer Dr. Clarke W. 
Davis was contemplating the matter of issuing a general order 
requiring every resident of Cincinnati— men and women and 
children— to be vaccinated without delay. There has been a 
conference of municipal physicians with this plan in view, but 
no orders have as yet been issued. Because four street car 
conductors were found to be infected with the disease every 
one of the 2,000 employes of the Cincinnati Traction Company, 
controlling the street railroad interests of the dty, were vac- 
cinated at one time, and all of the men have sore arms. Un- 
der an agreement between the local newspapers no mention 
of the epidemic is permitted, and the fact that there really la 
an epidemic is not generally known. Even the use of tiie word 
** smallpox *' is not permitted in the local press, and the rale 
is rigidly carried out The disease is particularly virulent in 
Newport, Ky., and a quarantine against the city may be de- 
clared by the Cincinnati Health Department. The sale of vac- 
cine virus and strong disinfectants has enormously increased 
in the local drug stores, and every public precaution is being 
taken with strong sanitary measures to prevent a further 
spread of the disease. 

NEW TELEPHONE BATES. 

Local druggists are interested In a new rate system in- 
augurated January 1 by the Cincinnati & Suburban Telegraph 
Company, which concern have a monopoly in the local tele- 
phone field. Under the new plan, now effective, whether in 
private houses or in places of business, where subscribers so 
elect, instruments will be installed and maintained free of 
rental, the cost of installation and maintenance to be paid by 
the subscriber at the rate of a nickel each time the telephone 
Is used, with a guarantee of from five to twenty-five cents a 
day, the amount to be regulated by the number of parties on 
the line. The charge, however, for the use of the instrument 
is established at five cents, no matter what form of party line 
is used. Under this system a druggist may have an instru- 
ment installed absolutely free of cost in his place of business, 
to be maintained entirely by the public, but he must pay if 
he desires to use the instrument himself, though no charge 
is made for incoming messages. With each telephone there is 
to be installed a nickel-ln-the-slot machine, and no charge Is 
to be made If the person using the telephone is unable to 
reach the person with whom he desires to speak. He is given 
the privilege without cost of calling up a business house or 
residence and Inquiring if the individual with whom he de- 
sires to converse is there. A reduction has also been made by 
the company in the measured service rates. Some of the drug- 
gists will avail themselves of the new rates offered, while 
others prefer the old arrangement, and there is a wide differ- 
ence of opinion on the subject, which is left for Individuals 
to decide. 

THE HOLIDAY BUSINESS. 

Cincinnati drujrglsts, wholesalers and retailers, generally 
speaking, pronounce the holiday business just ended the best 
for many years. Nearly all the larger dealers of late years 
have largely increased their stock of sundries and novelty 
goods, and these have had a surprisingly strong sale during 
the past few weeks. This is especially true in the suburban 
retail stores, and this line of business has become a most im- 
portant adjunct of the regular trade. With the wholesale 
dealers, of whom there are a very large number in Cincinnati, 
January is, as usual, their heaviest month, and the business 
this year promises to break all ordinary records. 

FIRST STORE IN EVANSTON. 

A number of Cincinnati druggists have been considering 
establishing a store at Evanston, one of the new and most 
thriving suburbs of Cincinnati, just beyond the city line. 
Though the village has a population of over 3,000, there has 
been no drug store there until the past month, when A. C. 
Green secured an excellent site in the center of the village 
and opened a splendidly equipped modem drug store with a 
large line of sundries. Mr. Green has been a cigar salesman for 
years past and has had no previous business experience in 
the drnjr trade, but he thought he saw a chance for a profit- 
able oponiiiir and availed himself of the opportunity. 



1 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



27 



MICHIGAN. 



ILLINOIS. 



A PhyiicUiis' Piufmacal Co. Incorporated— Dr. Bakom^s Myi- 
teHow Disappearance— A Druggist Soes tiie Supervisor of the 
Townsfiip — ^Average Cost of Prescriptions Eight Gents* 



(^Voffi cur Regular Oorretpimdmt.) 
Detroit, January &— Michigan druggists, and particularly 
those of Detroit, are speculating on the effect which the Phy- 
sicians' Pharmacal Company will have on the drug trade. 
The articles of incorporation have been filed in LAnsing, and a 
laboratory has been purchased at the corner of Ghamplain 
and Beaubien streets, Detroit, where the work of manufac- 
turing will begin at once. 

The capital stock of the company has been placed at $75,000, 
with shares at $10 each. The incorporators are the following: 
Dr. J. B. Book, 700 shares; Dr. J. J. Mulheron, 700 shares; Dr. 
B. B. Hoyt, 700 shares; Dr. Charles L. Finch, 700 shares; C. H. 
Bryan and M. L. Pierce, 700 shares each. In addition, 3,800 
shares are held in trust, and these may be taken by doctors 
located in all parts of the country. Shareholders will be given 
:dl supplies at cost. Dr. Book is president; Dr. Mulheron, vice- 
president and manager; M. L. Pierce, second vice-president; 
Dr. Hoyt, treasurer; C. H. Bryan, secretary. 

DR. BALCOM'S MYSTERIOUS DISAPPEARANCE. 

The most mysterious disappearance reported to the police in 
many months is now being investigated by the Detroit Police 
Department. On the night of Monday, December 16, at 11 
p.m., an unknown person is said to have appeared at the office 
of Dr. R. A. Balcom, proprietor of the Balcom Pharmacy 
Company, 1443 Michigan avenue, and asked the doctor to 
make a sick call. He left the drug store, and has never been 
seen by his friends since. His relatives believe that he has' 
met with foul play. A few weeks ago Dr. Balcom was charged 
with a statutory offense, but the case was in such shape that 
it was plain to the defendant that he would be declared inno- 
cent. The trial was to come up the day after the date of the 
disappearance. The company had opened a branch store at 
Sand Hill, Mich., and business was good. When Dr. Balcom 
left the drug store he had a large sum of money in his posses- 
sion. 

AN INTBBBSTINO COMPUCAITION IN COVERT 

Phy C. Bailey, who has friends in Detroit, is having 
troubles of his own in Covert, Mich. He undertook to open a 
drug store, and as a necessary precedent, presented a bond 
for the approval of the town board. This is a strong local 
option county, and on the plea that the sureties on the bond 
were insufficient, the board turned Bailey down. Bailey ap- 
pealed to both the Circuit and Supreme Courts, but the ac- 
tion of the town board was sustained. Subsequently the 
Supervisor of the Township, Truman A. Lampson, secured a 
complaint from Squire Theo. Randall, charging Bailey with 
keeping a place where intoxicating liquors were sold in viola- 
tion of the local option law. Now Bailey has instituted suit 
by capias charging Lampson and RandaU with conspiracy to 
ruin his business, destroy his credit and drive him and his 
drug store out of town. He wants damages in the sum of 
$10,000, and local druggists are wondering how the interesting 
case will end. 

NEWS NOTES. 

Dr. J. W. Rothacher, the city pharmacist, has compiled a 
report which is very interesting to druggists. In a period of 
twelve months 23,121 prescriptions were compounded by the 
pharmacist at a cost to the city of $1,806.67. August was the 
month of the smallest number of prescription, 1,109 being com- 
pounded, while the following month was the busiest. Dr. Roth- 
acher attending to 3,060 prescriptions. The average cost of a 
prescription was about 8 cents. 

Out of the goodness of his heart, Frederick F. Ingram, of 
Frederick F. Ingram & Co., manufacturing chemists, presented 
each of his large number of employees with a Christmas 
turkey. Mr. Ingram has bought out his special partners, R. B. 
and Chester Messer, of Hastings, Mich., and is now sole pro- 
prietor of his big manufacturing plant 

Mrs. C. B. Hollister, wife of the proprietor of the Wayne 
Hotel pharmacy, has Just returned from an extended trip 
through the States. She visited a number of drug stores and 
is convinced that Detroit is as good for the drug business as 
any city she found. 

Walter H. Roesser, druggist, at the comer of East Forest 
avenue and St. Antolne street, has bfon confined to his home 
for the past three weeks with stoinach trouble. 



A Great Pharmaceutical Library Planned for Chicago— The Lloyd 
Liiwary VUy Go There— Report of Salt Against N. A R. D. 
and N. W. D. A.— A Review of the Wholesale Trade for 
1901. 

{From our Regular Correspondent.) 

Chicago, January 6.— Albert E. Ebert has just made a gift 
of books, to the Crerar Library. The gift, while not large, has 
produced results of great importance, as it has brought out 
the fact that the trustees of the library have established a 
pharmaceutical department, and also that they intend that 
Chicago shall some day possess the greatest pharmaceutical 
library in existence. To accomplish this it will, of course, be 
necessary to obtain possession of the famous Lloyd Library at 
Cincinnati. Through Mr. Ebert, Prof. John Uri Lloyd has been 
in communication with Dr. Clement W. Andrews, librarian 
of the Crerar institution. Professor Lloyd informed Dr. An- 
drews that it was the intention of himself and his brothers to 
turn their immense library over to some institution as soon 
as they found the proper place. They prefer to have the 40,000 
valuable books remain in the West, and want them to be 
where they will do the greatest amount of good. Dr. Andrews 
was told to make application for the library, and it is needless 
to add that every effort is being made to secure the remarkable 
collection. 

SCOPE OF THE CBSRAR LIBRARY. 

The decision to take such action was reached at a rather 
late day, and Mr. Ebert kept at the trustees without success 
for a long time before they reached this conclusion. The 
Crerar Library is admirably suited to care for any collection 
of books. It is purely a reference library of scientific liter- 
ature. The present quarters are inadequate, but it is probable 
that a magnificent building will be put up on the lake front. 
The plan to build there is blocked at present by the action 
of the adjoining property holders, some of whom, including 
Mrs. Hetty Green, have withheld their consent. It is believed 
that they will finally be won over. In case this building is 
erected, it is believed Chicago will have first chance to secure 
the magnificent Lloyd collection. In addition, it is hoped that 
the books, 2,500 in number, belonging to the Chicago College of 
Pharmacy, can be obtained. This collection was formed soon 
after the great fire of 1871, when contributions were sent to 
Chicago from all over the world. Among the contributions 
were some extremely valuable works, many of which are not 
to be found in the Lloyd collection. These old volumes cannot 
be duplicated, and are getting more and more valuable as 
time passes. 

The hesitation of the trustees of the John Crerar Library 
to accept the task of forming a collection of pharmaceutical 
books was due to the manner in which the literary field is di- 
vided up among local institutions. The Newberry Library has 
the greatest collection of medical books in the world, and the 
Public Library also covers other fields. It has also been as- 
sumed that pharmacy would come under the medical head and 
the Newberry Library monopolized the field. It was found 
that the scientific field had so many ramifications that the 
Crerar Library would have to take In pharmacy along with its 
botanical and chemical departments, and therefore the New- 
berry Library's field will be narrowed hereafter to therapeutics 
and medicine proper. 

Druggists, especially Mr. Ebert, are doing all in their power 
so that the consent of all who own land along Michigan avenue 
will be obtained for the erection of the building on the lake 
front. The plans have been drawn and are most imposing. 

A SUIT FOR CONSPIRACY AGAINST THE N. A. R. D. 

Considerable attention has been given an item which has 
appeared in Chicago newspapers recently to the effect that 
efforts were being made to have the Attorney-General of Illi- 
nois bring action for conspiracy against the N. A. R. D. and 
the N. W. D. A. According to report some independent deal- 
ers have complained to Attorney-General Hamlin that they 
are the victims of discrimination, and are unable to buy goods. 
Mr. Hamlin is said to be investigating the charges. The com- 
plainants are said to have alleged that because they did not 
belong to the general organization, and thus enter into a com- 
bination to maintain an established price for patent medicines, 
soaps and other articles, the wholesale druggists of the State 
have refused to sell them patent medicines. It is said that an 
effort will be made to prosecute both organizations under the 
antitrust law. In this law severe penalties are provided for 
those who combine in order to maintain prices on merchiuidise. 
The standing of those who make the charges is not known, as 
their names have not been given out. At present they seem 



28 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



to be making a lot of dust, but notliiug, practically, has been 
done by them. 

THE DRUG BUSINESS OF 1901. 

In a review of the year's business, printed in one of the Chi- 
cago dailies, J. G. Peters, vice-president of the Fuller & Fuller 
Company, sums up conditions as follows: " The year 1901 in 
the wholesale drug trade has been one of continued prosperity. 
The volumo of sales will show an increase of about 10 per 
cent, over those of 1900, which was a record breaking year. 
The disposition of dealers at so-called remote points to avail 
themselves of the advantages Chicago affords as a primarj' 
market has been very pronounced. Collections have been very 
satisfactory, which is an added evidence of the improved con- 
dition of trade interests generally. Values have been weli 
maintained, although many staple articles, for economic rea- 
sons, show a lower range of values. The outlook for 1902 is 
one of great promise. The skies are clear and no cloud ap- 
pears on the horizon of a remarkably favorable condition of 
commercial interests in general.*' 

Another paper printed the following resume: "The drug 
business of the city of Chicago for 1901 was a healthy one, 
with an advance in the volume of business done of from 10 to 
35 per cent. Values remained steady, there being an absence 
of speculation. Prices changed but little during the last 
twelve months, the year being an exceptional one on that 
account/' 

M. C. METZQER SUCCEEDS W. C. SIMPSON ON THE BOARD. 

M. C. Metzger, of Cairo, has been appointed to the Illinois 
Board of Pharmacy, vice W. C. Simpson, of Vienna, whose 
term has expired. The better element among the druggists 
Is much pleased over this appointment which, very likely, was 
made at the suggestion of prominent members of the Chicago 
Veteran Druggists' Association. Mr. Metzger had the cus- 
tomary Indorsement of the Illinois Pharmaceutical Associa- 
tion, and Mr. Simpson, as his term neared its close, also de- 
clared in favor of Mr. Metzger. Much to the surprise of local 
druggists, they were informed that just at the end of his term 
Mr. Simpson had set the political machinery of Southern 
Illinois at work at the last moment and was making strong 
efforts to secure reappointment The message came in a 
telegram and appeals were at once sent to the (Governor to 
make the appointment In the usual manner and not to over- 
ride the recommendation of the Illinois Pharmaceutical Asso- 
ciation. Governor Yates has made the appointment as the 
druggists wished him to do, and the members of the Veteran 
Association and other drugqlsts are greatly pleased. 

THE CHICAQD DRUG TRADE BOWLlNCi LEAGUE 

has just entered on the second half of the season, and the 
finish promises to be exciting. Inasmuch as the team that 
is in first place leads by only a slight margin, and three teams 
are tied for second place. 

Tho sfandinp: of the clubs follows: 

. ^ . . Won. Lost. Percpntajfe. 

Sharp & Smith 2r» R .757 

Lard, Owen &Co 19 14 .57.^> 

B. H. Sargent & Co 19 14 .575 

Parke, Davis & Co 19 14 .r.7r. 

Buck k Raynor 11 22 .384 

A. M. Foster & Co 7 20 .212 

In tlic Husiiicss .Men's Lrajiue Baker's men are cutting 
quite a swath. January 2 they rolled 1,015 In one round, the 
first four-figure mark ever made In this league. 

The standing of the several teams In the Business Men's 
League Is ns follows: 

\Vr»n. Ixist. IVr cent. High, Total. AveraRe. 

Publisher 2s P .777 93« 30 955 859 :U-36 

Carson. I'lrle & To. .2(i 10 .722 907 30.071 85135-36 

Optician 20 10 .722 984 30.047 834 23-36 

Drug Trade 22 14 .011 1.015 30.400 846 4-36 

Lltho 18 18 .500 870 29.035 806 19-36 

Clnco IS 10 .500 893 28.744 708 16-36 

Western Electric 17 19 .472 905 29.330 814 3-36 

Binders 10 20 .444 927 29.554 820 34-36 

Illinois Brick Co 13 23 .361 930 29.018 800 2-36 

Broker 13 23 .361 921 2S.922 S0:< 14-30 

Produce 1(» 20 .277 906 27.729 770 9-36 

Peering 9 27 .250 970 27,962 776 26-36 

CHICA.GO NEVS NOTES- 

K. II. Sargent, the veteran druggist, who has been ill for a 
long time, Is quite low. He has been unable to appear at his 
store for a considerable period. 

J. P. Aiken has been given a sentence of five years in the 
penitentiary for breaking open and robbing receivers of auto- 
matic telephones. This Is the first conviction on this charge 
that has been secured by the Chicago Telephone Company. 
Aiken made his living In this manner for six months. 



MISSOURI 

Big Tblngi PMrnhed at tfie Annual Alfunni Ball— An Original 
Satire on Quacks to be PfCMated— Additloni to the Untfbrm 
PHce-Lbt- Minor Notes of Interest* 

{From our Regular Correspondent,) 

St. Louis, January 6.— There are to be large doings at the 
liloderkrantz Hall on the night of February 6. The druggists 
will all be there, both the young and the old. The wives, 
daughters and sisters of the druggists will be there. So will 
the drug clerks, and plenty of them, too; and there will also 
be ladies who are not yet related to either druggists or clerks. 
The annual entertainment and ball of .the St Louis College of 
Pharmacy Alumni Association is booked for this night. It is 
always the grandest affair of the season. No proprietor misses 
it unless sickness or death keeps him at home. The clerks go 
early. If they can get off duty, or come after closing time 
if they have to work. Wm. H. Lament has charge of the 
entertainment He has had considerable experience In the 
theatrical line and for the past three years has shown the 
druggists that he was as competent in this line as he was in 
winning gold medals at the College of Pharmacy. The play 
they have selected is entirely original and entitled Dr. Blow- 
er's Sanitarium, and will be a satire on quack doctors. 

Nearly all of those taking part in the play are connected 
with the local trade and have assisted in these entertainments 
for many years past. The following are their names: 

Wm. H. Lamont, L. A. Seitz, Theo. F. Hagenow, Paul 
Schneider, E. H. Voepel, A. V. Marquardt, Harry Konetszky, 
('has. Wagner, Ed. Zanglein, Wm. J. Pfeffer, Ed. Stensel, Miss 
Anna Heinrichs, Miss Jenevevie Vallance, Miss Emma Tytle, 
Miss Edith Klein and Miss Murphy. The play will be fol- 
lowed by supper and dancing. 

ADDITIONS TO THE PRICE LIST. 

The Retail Druggists' Association of St. Louis has sent a 
notice to every druggist in the city to make the following 
addition to their scheduled list, which has been in force for 
several months: 

Not to be sold for less than — 

Htearns' Roadi Paste is cts., 2 for 2!S cts. 

Sozodont 19 cts. and 55 cts. 

BeUadoniia Plasters 15 cts., 2 for 25 cts. 

Mellins* Food 38 cts. and 55 cts. 

Horlick's Malted Milk 38 cts.. 75 cts. and |2.95 

Nestle's Pood 20 cts., 38 cts., 2 for 75 cts., |2.50 

Mlcrocide Hair (i rower 7.'» cts. 

De Lacy's Hair Grower 71 cts. 

Yale's Hair Grower 75 cts. 

Danderlne 17 cts.. 34 cts., and 68 cts. 

Barry's Tricoptoerous 30 cts. 

Hayes* Hair Health 39 cU. 

Seven Sisters' Hair Grower :is ct.s. and 75 cts. 

Parker's Hair Balssm as rts. and 67 cts. 

Ayer's Hair Vigor 67 cts. 

UrIVh Hair Balsam 67 cts. 

QTY ITEMS. 
Mairs & Sheppard have moved their drug store from 
Browning, Mo., to 1212 Olive street. 

Henry Boardman, chief of the Meyer Bros. Drug Com- 
pany's paint department, is back from his long vacation, spent 
in California. He says that it is a poor country for such fel- 
lows as himself. Everything is so lovely that they do not 
need any paint out there. 

R. S. VItt has resigned the presidency of the St. Louis Re- 
tail Druggists' Association. Mr. Vitt has been foremost in 
the fight to stop the cut rate evil in this city, and much of 
the good work this association has accomplished has been 
due to his untiring energies. Mr. Vitt owns a large and 
prosperous drug store in South St. Louis, and he has recently 
resumed the study of medicine. These duties are making 
such heavy demands upon his time that he has found it 
absolutely necessary to drop some of his outside work. He 
will continue an active worl^er for the good cause, but feels 
that there are others who have more time to attend to the 
duties devolving upon the president of the association. 

Miss Lotta G. Merrell, daughter of the late J. S. Merrell, 
of the J. S. Merrell Drug Company, died of cerebral grip, after 
a short illness, on December 30. She was in the prime of 
young womanhood, of a most amiable disposition, and be- 
loved by all who knew her. She had frequently attended the 
meetings of the State Pharmaceutical Association with her 
brothers, where she was always a great favorite. She was 
very prominent in church and charity work, and her greate.<«t 
pleasure seemed to be in making others happy. Besides her 
widowed mother, she leaves a sister. Mrs. O. P. Walbrldge, and 
throe brothers— Hubert S., Ashbel N. and Geo. R. Merrell. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



2? 




'She Drug and Chemical Market 

The prices quoted in this report are those current In the wholesale market, and higher prices are paid for retail lots. 

The quality of goods frequently necessitates a wide range of prices. 



Condition of Trade* 

New York, January ii, 1902. 

THE volume of trade has increased slightly since the 
opening of the year, the demand being somewhat 
above the average for this period. Mail order business 
continues good, and while the bulk of the transactions 
are of a jobbing order, the inquiry extends over a large 
variety of articles. There is a good consuming demand, 
though notably large transactions are yet the exception. 
Regarding prices, we have no changes of special conse- 
quence to report, the price fluctuations that have come 
to the surface since our last report being mostly in buy- 
ers* favor, though considerable steadiness has developed 
in some lines. The principal fluctuations are tabulated 
below: 

HIGHEU. LOWER. 

Opium, Tannic acid, 

Bserine sulphate, Cream tartar, 

Pilocarpine hydrochloride, Lithium carbonate. 

Cacao butter. Thymol, 

Red rose leaves, Oroton oil. 

Spermaceti, Clove oil. 

Isinglass, Anise oil. 

Nitrate of soda. Ethereal oil, 

Gnm chicle, Cubeb berries. 

Cod liver oil. Senega root, 

, Naphthalin. 

DRUGS. 

Alcohol has not varied during the interval. A fair, steady 
demand is being experienced, and upon the present basis of 
values the market is firm in tone. The quotation is $2.55 to 
$2.57, as to quantity, less the usual rebate of 2c per gallon 
for cash in ten days. Wood is quiet, but steady, with GOc 
asked for 95 per cent. 

Arnica flowers are maintained in good position, with 
numerous Jobbing sales at 8%c to 9%c. 

Balsams.— Copaiba is in better supply, but recent arrivals 
have not served to weaken the market, stocks having been 
much depleted previously. Prime Central American is quoted 
at 34c to 36c and Para at 45c to 47c. Peru is moving steadily 
in a jobbing way, with the sales at $1.35 to $1.40. Tolu is 
quiet and business is confined to small jobbing parcels, which 
change hands at 30e to 32c. Canada Fir is moving in a 
light jobbing? way at $3.60 to $3.7.5. while Oregon is duU and 
featureless at previous prices. 

Barks.— Khii has developed some scarcity and holders are 
unwilling sellers, especially of powdered nud ground; recent 
sales of select were at 15c, and it is doubtful if this price 
could be shaded. Wild cherry continues scarce on spot and 
current quotations remain at 6c to 15c, as to quality and quan- 
tity. Quotations for other varieties of barks are uominaUy 
unchanged. 

Buchu leaves have developed no action of special im- 
portance since our last. The demand continues very light, but 
values are unchanged at 20c to 23c. as to quality and quan- 
tity. 

Cacao butter is fractionally higher, the quotations for bulk 
and cakes being 32%c to 33c and 38c to 40c, respectively. 

Caffeine continues irregular and unsettled, the leading 
• producers having failed as yet to come to any satisfactory 
agreement among themselves. Quotations are nominally $3.75 
to $4.00, as to quantity and holder. 

Cantharides met with very little attention and the market 
is tame and featureless, with such sales as are passing of 
Russian at 62c to 65c, and Chinese at 45c to 50c. 



Cassia buds continue in fair seasonable demand, with, 
numerous Jobbing sales at 23c to 25c. 

Cocaine is irregular and unsettled, owing to competition, 
among holders. While $4.80 to $5.00 is the established quota- 
tion, as to quantity, it is intimated in some quarters that 
down to $4.75 would be accepted on a firm bid. 

Cod liver oil is reported higher at primary' sources, and 
the inside quotation for the better known brands has been, 
advanced to $23.00. 

Colocynth apples are reported firmer and tending upward 
at primary sources of supply. Recent foreign advices are to- 
the effect that the Spanish variety is in extremely limited, 
supply, and prices are risfng. We quote the range at 38c to 
45c for Trieste and 16c to 17c for Spanish. 

Cream tartar reflects the Influence of keen competition- 
among holders, and manufacturers now quote at a decline ta 
19c to 19M!C for powdered. 

Cubeb berries have lost strength In the interval. Coupled 
with a slackened demand is more or less competition among, 
dealers, which has .served to send down prices to the basis of 
10c to 12c for XX and 10c to 10^ for common. 

Cuttlefish bone continues firm under the infiuence of 
light arrivals, though prices show no quotable change. 

Ergot has been without important demand. The opeih 
quotations of the market are 40c to 43c for Russian and 42c 
to 45c for Spanish, as to quality and quantity. Higher prices, 
are looked for, as the stock is small and under good control. 

Eserine sulphate has undergone two advances since our 
last, owing to continued scarcity of Calabar bean, the source- 
of the alkaloid. Manufacturers now quote 10c per grain ini 
5-grain vials and 13c per grain in 1-graln tubes. 

Ethereal oil is easier, manufacturers having reduced their- 
quotation to $5.75. 

Guarana continues selling in a Jobbing way at 75c. Stocks^ 
continue light and holders are indifferent sellers. 

Haarlem oil is passing out to the trade in a Jobbing way 
at $1.95 to $2.00, as to holder. 

Isinglass has advanced into stronger position, quotations- 
for delivery this year having been fixed at a considerable in- 
crease over that previously prevailing; 55c is generally 
named. 

Lyeopodium is meeting with only moderate attention, and: 
such Jobbing sales as come to the surface are at 50c to 51e 
for unmarked and 53c to 54c for Politz. 

Manna is reported higher in tlie primary market, but hold- 
ers in this market continue to quote at the old range of 35c- 
to 38c for small flake and 70c to 75c for large. 

Menthol is firmly held in view of slight scarcity, but cur- 
rent quotations show a wide range, .$4.15 to $4.50 being name^. 

Morphine Is not particularly active at present, the distribu- 
tion being largely regulated by current needs of consumption, 
but the market continues steady on the basis of $1.90 to $2.05 
for bulk, as to quantity; eighths quoted $2.35 to $2.40. 

Opium is fractionally higher, both here and in Smyrna, 
but the market lacks strength and the tone is easy. While 
natural in cases is held by most holders at $3.05, there are 
rumored offerings at a fraction less; for broken lots $3.07^ 
is paid, and powdered is offered at $3.80 to $3.85, as to test 
and quantity. 

Pilocarpine hydrochloride has advanced in the foreign mar- 
kets to the equivalent of $21.00 per ounce laid down here, but 
spot quotations are as yet unaltered. 

Quinine has developed no action of any consequence dur- 
ing the interval. Both manufacturers and jobbers report a 
good jobbing demand, and the tone of the market Is steady 
at manufacturers' quotations, or, say, 27c for bulk. Bulk 
in second hand offers at 26c to 26^, as to quality and quan- 
tity. 

Saffron, American, is lower, the revised range being 13c 



30 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



to 14c, as to quantity. Valencia is nominally unchanged at 
$6.00 to $6.25. 

Sugar of milk is passing out into channels of consumption 
in satisfactory volume at manufacturers* quotations, or, say, 
13c to 14c for i)owdered. 

Thymol is neglected and values are fractionally lower, 
recent sales being at $2.05. 

CHEMICALS. 

Acetate of lime has ruled quiet during the interval, but 
from previous quotations no changes in the market have oc- 
curred, 85c to 90c being named for brown and $1.25 to $1.30 
for gray. 

Arsenic, white, is a shade firmer, with sales at 3^c to 
S\c. Red is quiet, but steady, at 7c to 7^. 

Benzoic acid, artificial, is in moderate demand, with small 
sales at 37%c to 40c. 

Blue vitriol has developed a 'Weaker tone in sympathy 
with the market for copper, and we hear of sales at 4^ for 
small crystals. 

Boric acid is in moderate demand, with numerous sales of 
jobbing lots at our quotations. 

Chlorate of potash is in request, and the market appears 
steady on the basis of 8c to 8%c for domestic crystals and 
10%c to 10%c for foreign. 

Citric acid is weaker, and while manufacturers continue 
to quote 33c to 33^ for barrels and kegs, respectively, these 
figures are being shaded in second hands. Sicilian Is held and 
selling at 82^. 

Formaldehyde refiects the influence of competition among 
holders, and values are irregular and unsettled, though 15c 
to 16c and 14%c to 15c appear to be the ruling quotations for 
38 to 40 weight per cent, and 40 volume per cent., respectively. 

Nitrate of soda is stiffening in value under the influence 
of improved demand, delays in arrivals, and concentrations 
of stock; spot held at $1.97^. 

Quicksilver is lower in sympathy with the London market, 
and holders now quote 65^c to 65%c, with a fair business 
reported at this range. 

Tartaric acid has attracted some attention during the in- 
terval, owing to rumored offerings at Ic under manufacturers' 
prices, and though 2794c has been named in one instance for 
crystals, prices generally are not quotably lower, recent sales 
of powdered being at 28%c to 29%c. 

Tannic acid, crystals, is offered lower by manufacturers, 
who now quote 67c to 72c, as to quantity. 

ESSENTIAL OILS. 

Anise has eased off a trifle in the interval, and the range 
of ^the market now stands at $1.22i/^ to $1.25. 

Bergamot continues quiet, but steady, at $1.90 to $2.10. 

Clove has been reduced by the principal distillers to the 
range of 57^c to 60c for cans and bottles, respectively. 

Croton is offered at lower figures because of competition 
among holders, and buyers are being accommodated at the 
range of 90c to $1.00. 

Juniper is held with increased confidence, owing to stronger 
advices from primary sources, and the advancing tendency of 
berries, best brands being held at 60c. 

Limes continue dull and prices have been generally re- 
vised to the range of $1.90 to $2.00 for expressed and 60c to 
70c for distilled. 

Peppermint continues firm and H. G. H. has further ad- 
vanced to $2.15 from the hands of packers, though $2.00 will 
still buy from second hands. 

Sassafras, natural, is moving into firmer position, and 
values are maintained steadily at the previous range of 39c 
to 43c. 

Wintergreen is in moderate Jobbing demand, with sales 
reported at $1.60 to $1.65 for natural and 50c to 55c for arti- 
ficial. 

Wormwood is scarce and in demand, and most holders 
(luote $6.00 and upward, though $5.75 might be accepted on 
a firm bid. 



GUMS. 

Aloes are held about as before, say 6c to 6^ for cake, 
394c to 4c for Curacao and 20c to 25c for Socotrina 

Arabics of the different grades continue dull, but values 
are unchanged, current sales of first and second being at 40c 
to 45c and 30c to 35c, while sorts is held at lie to 14c. 

Asafetida is slow of sale for both whole and powdered, but 
the price is held firmly at 23c to 25c for prime quality as to 
quantity, with 20c named for Inferior descriptions. 

Camphor continues held at 57c to 57^ for domestic in 
barrels and cases, respectively, while 62c to 64c is named 
for Japanese in tablets and slabs. 

Chicle is firmer under the influence of reports regarding 
reduced crop estimates, and the quoted range shows an ad- 
vance of 33c to 85c, as to quality and quantity. The crop 
yield this year is reported very light. 

Senegal has ruled quiet since our last, but prices are 
nominally unchanged at 15c to 21c for the various grades of 
picked, 12c to 13c for sorts and 8c to 10c for siftings. 

Tragacanth has continued in fair request, and the market 
appears steady on the basis of 29c to 30c for Aleppo and 35c 
to 90c for Turkey. 

ROOTS. 

Business in nearly all descriptions of medicinal roots has 
seldom been quieter or more featureless than during the period 
under review, but notwithstanding this, there has been no 
unusual pressure to realize, and dealers express confidence in 
the situation. The only changes of importance consist of a 
fractional reduction in the price of Senega, which is quoted 
51c to r)2c for Western. 

SEEDS. 

Canary, Smyrna, is firmer, in sympathy with foreign 
markets, and spot quotations are well maintained at 3c to 
3%c. SicUy held at 3%c to 3%c. 

Caraway, Dutch, has marked a fractional advance, in 
sympathy with the foreign markets, and 6yic to 5^ is named. 

Cardamoms continue in moderate jobbing demand, and 
prices are unchanged at 60c to 75c for whole, as to quantity, 
and 57%c to 62^ for decorticated. 

Coriander is steady, with natural quoted at 2%c to 3c 
for natural and 3V^c to 3%c for bleached. 

Flaxseed is in improved position, whole clean, being held 
at $6.25 to $6.50 per bbl. Ground is also higher, at 3%c to 
3%c per lb. 

Hemp, Russian, is in moderate demand, with small sales 
at 2%c to 2%c. 

Mustard, California, is without important change, yellow 
being quoted at 4%c to 5%c and brown at 4c to 4%c. Ger- 
man brown is held at 3^c to 4c, while 7^^ is named for 
Trieste. English yellow is steady at 5%c to 6c. 

Poppy, Quince. Rape and the rest of the staple druggists* 
seeds are without new or interesting feature. 



Was This a Good Dinner ? 

The New York Tribune gives, in all the seeming barbarity 
of the old Saxon language, the bill of fare used at the elabo- 
rate banquet which took place at Delmonlco's recently in con- 
nection with King Alfred's millenary celebration. This great 
King of England died a thousand years ago; the menu does 
not resemble our modem ones, and only boundless faith in 
Delmonico*s could have emboldened the many distinguished 
guests to partake of a portion of " Juncate-Eboracum " or of 
" Sweta-Borys-Heb; " in fact, the only recognizable name in 
the whole list is " Apolllnaris," which in a double sense is 
familiar in millions of mouths, but even that is not a modem 
word, as good St. ApolUnarls died many centuries before King 
Alfred was bom. 

The unique menu is given as: 



Hiaf. 
Baedic. 



Aef en-Mete. 
Ostren. 



Olea. 
HyraMng Solle. 
Baore. Braede. 

Boletus. 
Praede-Cnxitnlftta. 

Sweta-Boryi-Heb. 
Fngele. Acetarla. 

Janeate-Plomme. 

Cyae. Knutu. 

ApolUnarls. Attr-Potlo. 



Brownis. 

ICyrtan. 

Janeato-8lM>nieom. 

Plflt-Aelfireda. 

cSKrytea. 
Frayts. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



THE KNIGHTS OF THE ROAD. 

Not«s of the Tra.velen Caught on the Fly. 



Buffalo.— Arthur C. Stallman, son of tbe senior member of 
the Stallman & Futton Company, of N&w York, lately save 
the Bulfalo drug trade a call In the Interest of his specialties. 

J. 8. MarTio, like all good traveling dmgglate, managed 
to Bpend the holidays at his home bere, and gave his spare 
time to the trade while in the city, selUag his usual big lot 
of goods for Seaburr & Johnson. 

P. H.'Estelle, with John Wyeth & Brother, as of old, also 
spent holiday week hi Buffalo and took in a satisfactory 
amouut of orders In his well known line of trade. 

E. G. Reynolds, Buffalonlan still In spite of his long con- 
nection with the Syracuse house of Charles Hubbard & Son, 
gives every Friday and Saturday to the city. He has some 
new stories as well as new goods. 

Qeorge E. Burrows, representative of Schleffelln & Co.. 
covers tlic cily as of yore, beginning the new year early by 

calling iiu nil Ills cUKtoiiieis hi ilie lliifTato tratU'. 

Justin Keith, representative of J. L. Hopkins & Co., man- 
aged to poll hlmeelt together sufficiently out of the Wabash 
wreck to reach Buffalo on time and take care of his trade in 
good shape. His role aa life saver la very creditable to him. 

George H. VanderschaS, Buffalo representative of the 
druggists' sundries house of Melnecjce & Co.. with an office 
in Elllcott square, has eugaged with the S. H. Wetmore Com- 
pany, of New York, and the place la vacant Just now. 

Genial George B. McLeod, State traveling agent of the 
Empire State Drug Company, spent the holidays with hla 
family in Buffalo aud then resumed business on the old 



Chu> L. Blem, 
Representing Baner & Black, of Chicago. 

Ghas. L. Bleser, who Is one of the iravellag staff of Bauer 
Jc Black, of Chicago, was born In St. Louis, December 16. 
18T4. His early education was obtained in ilie public schools 
of his native city. At the age of 14 years he entered the phar- 
macy of W. H. Lamont and remained with him until he grad- 
uated at the St Louis College of Pharmacy In 1895. He then 
entered the employ of Nelson, Baker & Co., where he remained 
uQtil May 1, 1901, when he secured his present position with 
Bauer & Black, and for which Arm he has covered most of 
the Southern, Western and Eastern territory In the capacity 
of a "special" He is popular and enet^tic and always a 
welcome visitor where he is known. He Is quite an athlete 
and fond of all nthlelic sports. 

B«<t«n.— L. r. SiihiKiir. niin-suntliig the Oranglne Com- 
pany, Chicago. WHS here n few days ago and did a good busl- 



Rndolph Wlrtb was around again booking orders for E. 
Fougera A Co.. of New York. 

E. Benslnger has been talking sponges greatly to the finan- 
cial beneflt of the Smith, Klein & French Company, Philadel- 
phia. 

A. M. Stone sent a large batch of orders from here a short 
time ago to the Upjohn Pill & Grannie Company, Kalamazoo, 
Mich. 

C. E. Keith has been telling the trade abont the specialties 
of Seabury & Johnson, of New York. 

H. Helnemen is pleased with the bustneos which he did here 
in plasters for Bauer & Black, Chicago. 



A crude drug salesman is a rare bird, but we have jnat had 
a visit from one. It was F. L. Bodeman. representing Parke. 
Davis it Co. 



W. A. OUlett, New York State agent for Beeman's pepsin 
gum, Is not a regular visitor In Buffalo drug stores, but he 
spent some time there early in December. 

John Paul Jones Is still sending out his racy postals to the 
drug trade in the interest of Sharp & Dobme. He made Buf- 
falo a visit a short time ago, with the usual good results.' 

George A. Wood, who travels for the firm of Hubbard & 
Co., but who has been off the road nearly a year on account 
of a close call he had from typhoid fever, bas returned to 
business and was in Buffalo lately. 

C. F. Monroe, representative of Hance Bros. & White, lives 
Id Buffalo and was in town to attend the last meeting of the 
Buffalo Pharmacists' Social Club, where he won the Oxst prise 
at progressive euchre. 

J. E. Barrett, formerly with Stoddart Bros.. Buffalo, but 
now traveling for the Bnrrough Bros. Manufacturing Com- 
pany, spent a proQtable season in the city about tbe middle 
of December. 

The perfumery firm of C. B. Woodwortb Sous Company, 
of Rochester, entertained their traveling representatives at 
dinner recently. Tbls dinner la an annual affair with this 
company. The traveling representatives of the company every 
year at about this time make it a point to be in Rochester at 
the home office of the company, and the annual gathering is 
made the occasion of festivities that are remembered wltb 
pleasure. Those present were: F. E. Woodworth, H. 8. Wood- 
worth, P. H. Halloway, New York City; Joseph B. Rose, Chi- 
cago; R. Q. Henry, Washington; Mr. Ambler, San Francisco; 
W. J. Marsbman. Detroit; T. 8. Chandler. Boston; James H. 
Dunlavey, New York State; W. G. Bridgeso, New York State; 
John Alexander, Rochester, and C. K. Loomls, Rochester. 

Philadelphia.— Bauer & Black's popular representative 
here, C. L. Bieaer. bas been transferred to Chicago, whence 
be will be assigned to a regular territory in place of doing 
special work as heretofore. 

Dr. Thos. S. Askew, who at one time represented the Emer- 
son Drug Company In Philadelphia, and was latterly wHb 
Hance Bros. & White, has recently secnred a position with 
the well known perfamery honse of Cbapman & Rogers, and is 
working the trade In this city. 



John 8. Lane, representing Schleffelln * Co., Nsw York, 
was anund among the trade in this vicinity recently. Baal- 
nofs was good. 



Gilpin, Langdon & Co., of Baltimore, recently had on ex- 
hibition at the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy a lino of 
their crude drugs In powder form. Their orator, 0. M. Ed- 
wards, was on hand to explain how they are enabled to sell 



32 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD 



drugs of so pure a quality at so low a price, but the record 
of this house is a sufficient guarantee for quality. 

W. H. Martin, of the Goodyear Rubber Company, is show- 
ing samples to the trade and selling many fat orders. 

Chicago.— A new buyer has been installed in the place left 
vacant by the death of Harry Jacobowsky, of Morrisson, Plnm- 
mer & Go. The newcomer is C. H. EIrieger, who has occupied 
a similar position with the Kauffman-Lattimer Gompany, of 
Columbus, Ohio, for many years. Mr. Krieger has a wide 
acquaintance among salesmen. 

Representatives of Parke, Davis & Co. to the number of 
fifteen met December 27 at a banquet in the rooms of the 
Chicago Athletic Club. Each did a stunt, and as a result all 
had a most enjoyable evening. 

A large number of salesmen are " lying low " Just at pres- 
ent. The taking of Inventories and filling out of lines of sam- 
ples is occupying most of their attention. They will soon be- 
gin to shake things np, however, with new lines of goods. 

W. J. Walters, who represents Johnson & Johnson in the 
West, is at the home office. G. W. Stout has also come in from 
Indiana and W. W. Mandevllle from Wisconsin. Alexander 
Harris is on the way home from a trip to the factory at New 
Brunswick, and G. W. St. Clair has just left for the Bast. 

St. Louis.— Chas. Bigelow, of Healey & Bigelow, proprie- 
tors of the famous Kikapoo Indian Remedies, passed through 
this city just before the first of the year on his way to the far 
West His firm intend to put several more Indian medicine 
shows on the road in the early spring, and he has gone West 
in quest of *' hair raisers." 

John W. Miller, of the Maltine Company, has been in the 
city stirring things up for the first of the year. 

G. B. Selff, in charge of Bll Lilly & Co.'s Kansas City office, 
spent Xmas with St Louis relatives. 

Samuel Livingston, for many years past one of the best 
known local drug clerks. Is now booming business for Merck A 
Co. in this State. 

J. S. Lithicum, that jovial representative of the Bromo- 
Seltzer people, has been in town this week. Throughout this 
country he is known as " Bromo." The boys all have a good 
time when he is around, and the meetings of the Missouri 
Pharmaceutical Association would not be a success unless he 
was there. 

John Goldsmith, for the past year with the local office of the 
Searle & Herreth Company, is now making things lively 
around town. 

Fred. Koch, formerly representing Johnson & Johnson in 
Germany, will help look after that firm's interests in this State 
during the ensuing year. 

The local trade were very sorry to learn of the death of their 
old friend, Townley Case, who represented Boehringer & 
Soehne for so many years. 

Earl Cook, Missouri representative of Johnson & Johnson, 
has just returned from a visit to headquarters. He says he 
intends to make this a record breaking year for his firm in this 
State. He was formerly one of the most popular St. Louis 
drug clerks. 

Clay Johnson, one of the best known knights of the grip in 
Missouri, whose sample cases are labeled " Meyer Bros. Drug 
Company." is taking a little rest up in the St. John's Hospital. 
It is not from being on a spree, for Johnson has never had time 
to learn those things; but some young men who were on a 
spree and imagined they were in the wild and wooly West, 
took Mr. Johnson, on the street car on which he was riding, 
for some fierce animal, and opened fire. The bullet was cut 
out of his side at the hospital, and he expects to be out on the 
road again in a few days. 

Chas. Milne, formerly representing Eli Lilly & Co., has gone 
to work for a local dry plate concern. He was at one time one 
of the leading local drug clerks and president of that organiza- 
tion. 

L. A. Fischer, who has been booming business for Bll Lilly 
& Co. through the towns of Missouri, has been called in to do 
detail work among the physicians of this city. 

G. L. Simmons, the well-known traveler for Seabury & 
Johnson, has forsaken the drug trade, and Is now connected 
with the JFAnsi Life Insurance Company. 



A Great Railway* 

The Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway owns and 
operates over 6,000 miles of thoroughly equipped road in 
Illinois, Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, South Dakota, North 
Dakota, Missouri and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. 

It owns and operates all equipment in service on its lint^s, 
including Sleeping Cars, Parlor Cars and Dining Cars, main- 
taining an excellence of service unequaled om any railway 
in the world. 

It has been a pioneer in the Northwest and West in the 
use of the block system in the operation of Its trains, in the 
lighting of trains by electricity, heating by steam and many 
otiler progressive methods, which have added safety, comfort 
and luxury to travel. It is always the leader in that direction. 

The Pioneer Limited Trains between Chicago, St. Paul 
and Minneapolis have the costliest and handsomest Sleeping 
Cars in the world and the best Dining Car service. 

Time tables, maps and information furnished on application 
to F. A. Miller, General Passenger Agent, Chicago. 



** Just a Money Maker " is what the New Idea claims to 
be. Write for a sample copy to Frederick Steam & Co., De- 
troit, Mich. It is bright, alert and well worth reading. 

One of the most useful almanacs recently published is the 
Ladies' Birthday Almanac for 1902, which is being distributed 
by the Chattanooga Medicine Company, manufacturers of 
Thedford's Black Draught and Wine of Cardui. It is dif- 
ferent from the ordinary cheap almanac, its accurate pre- 
dictions of atmospherical disturbances have been noted, and it 
has a circulation of 15,000,000 copies annually. 

An attractive little booklet has just been issued by the 
Antlkamnia Chemical Company, of St. Louis. It is entitled 
"A Start and a Finish*' (a parable), and from the initials 
of the author, one may easily judge that it is from the pen. 
of Frank A. Rnf, president and treasurer of the company. 
Judging from the number of words, there is not much in the 
booklet, but calculated from the standpoint of good, hard 
common sense, it is full of morals, artistic typographical ef- 
fects and useful advice. 

Although the holidays are over, the time has not yet passed 
in which the usefulness of a seasonable gift like the Lehman 
Heater will be appreciated. Physicians especially will find 
solid comfort in this article in their carriages, sleighs or auto- 
mobiles. Thus far 150,000 of them are in actual use, beini^ 
heated with Lehman coal, from which there is no smoke or 
smell, all unpleasant features of their use being eliminated. 
Mention the Ajcebican Dbuggist when you write for circular 
and price-list to Lehman Brothers, 10 Bond street. New 
York, or James W. Errlnger, 297 Wabash avenue. Chicago,, 
the Western sales agent. 

According to the claims made by the Puffer Manufacturing- 
Company, of 44 to 48 Portland street, Boston, there is no^ 
secret as to the cause of the popularity of their fountains. 
They lead, and they invite the drug trade to prove the state- 
ment by sending for the Puffer catalogue, because of the de- 
signs, workmanship, heavier material and greater durability 
of their apparatus. They claim that they can save the dis- 
penser money and give good value, and they are always- 
pleased to have their Boston factory or their New York ware- 
rooms, at 216 Centre street, New York, inspected by doubters. 
Mention this paper when you send for catalogue or call. 

The Illinois Medical College held the opening exercises of 
its January term at Its new college building, comer of Wash- 
ington boulevard and Halsted street, Thursday afternoon. 
January 2, 1902, at 2 o'clock. This building was recently pur- 
chased by the college at a cost of $50,000. It has been com- 
pletely remodeled and newly furnished at a cost of |15,00<». 
The most modern appliances and furnishings have been pur- 
chased and no better facilities for teaching can be found In* 
Chicago. The operating room and hospital are ideal in their 
completeness. The school of pharmacy in connection with 
this institution will have its opening exercises April 1 In the 
new building, with a large increase of space and greatly Im- 
proved facilities for teaching. 

The well-known firm of Gilpin, Langdon & Co., wholesale 
druggists and drug millers, of Baltimoi*e, Md., were incorporated 
recently at Trenton, N. J., as a company with a capital stock 
of $250,000, divided into shares of a par value of $100. The 
directors are Messrs. H. B. Gilpin and Charles F. Husted, of 
Baltimore, and Kenneth McLaren, of New Jersey. Officers 
will be elected sortly. No stock will be put on sale. The flmt 
have been In existence fifi voars. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST 

and PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD 



NEW YORK AND CHICAGO. JANUARY 27, 1902. 



IBSUXD nSMI'llOlVTHLT BT 

AMERICAN DRUGGIST PUBUSHING CO- 

QMS Wbbt Bboidwat, Nbw Yobk. 
rclf^*«M, U7Q CortlaiMlt. Cabtt uMr—: " Am^mgglgt, Mw York," ABO 

A. B. BLUOTT, Preddent. 
CA8WKLL A. UAYO, Ph.O. Editor. 

THOMAS* J. KEENAN. Lia Phar Aflsodato Editor. 

CihicAgo Office, sn Randolph Street. 
ROMAINE PIERSON Manager. 

SroecBiPTiov Priob: 

Paid in advance direct to this office .....$1.60 

Foreign Countries , 8.60 

Snbecriptlons may boRin at any time. 



ADTSBTISINO RATaS QUOTBD OV APPUCATIOH. 



Tan AxnucAiT Dbugoibt ahd Phabmaokutical Rioobd is issued on the 
second and fourth Mondays of each month. Changes of advertiaements 
should be receiTed ten days In adyance of the date of publication. 

Remittances should be made hy New York exchange, post office or e r pros s 
money order or registered maiL If cheeks on local banks are used 10 cents 
should be added to cover cost of collection. The publishers are not respon- 
sible for money sent by unregistered mail, nor for any mon^ paid except to 
duly authorised agents. All communications should be addressed and all 
remittances made payable to American Druggist Publishing Co., flt 08 West 
Broadway, New Yoik. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

BDXT0BIAL8 88-86 

Obioinal AmcuBs: 

Suggeatlona Toward Inereaaing the Preatlge of the Store 86 

DBPABnmiT or Stobi UAXAsmMmm: 

Syitem in the Preacription Laboratory 88 

DBuooiSTf CouBsa iM Optics: 

The Physiology of Vision 89 

Oatbibbd Formulas : 

Syrup of Lecithin, Bmulslon of Petroleum with Hypophoa- 
phites, B. P. C, Whooping Cough Embrocation, Wilkinson's 
Liniment, Compound Syrup of Qlyoerophosphatea, B. P. C. 
Cocaine and Suprarenal Solution, Bztraet of Malt with Cod 
LiTer Oil, B. P. C, Pepsin Wine, B. P. C, Oasterine, a new 
IMgestant 40 

CiBAii or CiTiiBBKT LxxniBuu : 

The State of Pharmacy in China, New Methods for the Detec- 
tion of Cocaine, A New Method of Determining the Iodine 
Figure of Fats 41 

The Disinfection of Dwellings by Formaldehyde, lb Distinguish 
Between Human Blood and ue Blood of Lower Animals by 
Means of Specific Serums. A Contribution to the Study of 
the ActlTe Constituents of Senna, The Assay of Drugs Ac- 
cording to the New Swedish Phsrmaoopceia 42 

A New Reagent for Albumin in the Urine. A Plea for Galenical 
Preparations Oyer Alkaloids, Preserration of Common Lab- 
oratory Solutions 48 

Asunonla, Iodine and Collodion, Sweetening Elixirs, Soma Piur* 
ing Adjuncts to a Drug Store, Chamois or JShamy Skins. ... 44 

Photographic Supplies m the Drug Store, How to Make a 
Tooth Paste^ A practical Prescription Record, A New Proc- 
ess for the Manufacture of Citric Acid, Window Suggestions. 46 

A Few Don'ts, The Sad Story of the Good DruggisVand the 
Bad Business, What Should Be the Attitude ofthe Druggist 
Toward the Symbol Prescription He Cannot Read? 
Rheumatin 46 

QvsBns AKD An awBBS : 

That Quinine Mixture, Haarlem Oil, Show Globe Colors, Soap 
Powders 47 

Bucamphol. Dealer in Second-Hand Drug Fixtures, Acid 
Seetodephlcum 48 

CoBBBSPomiBKca : 

Dr. Rlce^s QrsTe : A Suggestion for a General Subscription, by 
Prof. John UH Lloyd; The Illinois Board Appointment, 

Sayes on Market Reports 4S 

BusiNBss BmLDiNO. : 4ft 

NSws OF THE Drug World 50-64 



OUR SUBSCRIBERS' DISCUSSIONS. 



THE time allowed for manuscripts sent in answer to 
the first question : " What is the Best Method of Fil- 
ing Prescriptions?" expired on Tuesday, January. 2i. 
The number of replies received to this question was grati- 
fyingly large, and the papers are distinguished by a high 
order of merit, one of them, at least, possessing excep- 
tional features of novelty, and outlining a method of 
filing prescriptions which will commend itself very highly 
to pharmacists who do either a large or small prescription 
business. We»will now announce the second question of 
the series. It is this : What is the Best Method of Encap- 
sulating Liquid Drugs? This subject is one of peculiar 
interest at the present time, in view of the frequency with 
which liquid preparations of a volatile nature are -pre- 
scribed in capsule form, and we may suggest that the chief 
points for consideration might be: The treatment of 
the hard gelatine capsule to receive the unmixed volatile 
fluid — e. g,, creosote; the massing of the volatile fluid 
with a suitable absorbent substance ; the manipulation of 
chemically incompatible substances in brder to prevent 
the decomposition of the mass before it is swallowed — 
e. g., ichthyol and magnesium carbonate; when massed, 
the handling of the mass and filling of the capsule ; de- 
scriptions of instruments and appliances used in filling 
capsules. Answers to this second question of the series 
are to be received not later than February 25, 1902. They 
should be addressed to The Editor, the American Drug- 
gist, 62-68 West Broadway, New York. 



THE MARINE HOSPITAL SERVICE* 



A BILL has been introduced into the lower house of 
Congress, providing for a change in the title of the 
U. S. Marine Hospital Service to that of the Public 
Health Service, and also providing for some changes in- 
the grades of the surgeons of the service, but making no- 
mention of the hospital stewards, thus leaving them un- 
changed in the positions they now occupy. While the bill 
is understood to meet with the approval of the supervising 
Surgeon-General, it does not meet with universal ap- 
proval among the surgeons of the service, as it leaves un- 
changed several features which have been from time to 
time the subject of adverse criticism. 

This is practically the only Government service in 
which no provision is made for an anal3rtical check upon 
the medical supplies purchased. Even the Indian Bu- 
reau, which like the Marine Hospital Service is under the 
Secretary of the Treasury, has its analytical chemist, who 
passes upon, and not infrequently rejects, supplies fur- 



34 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



nished by contractors. It is, therefore, eminently desir- 
able that a concerted effort be made at this time to secure 
better recognition for pharmacy in this branch of the Gov- 
ernment service, and we urge every reader of this journal 
to write at once to his representative in Congress and to 
both the Senators from the State of which he is a citizen 
urging the adoption of the amendment to the bill which 
is printed in our news columns. 



AS TO AN ORGAN OF THE N. A^ R. D* 



WE learn with some degree of surprise that the Execu- 
tive Committee of the National Association of 
Retail Druggists has still under consideration the project 
of establishing an organ for that body. The folly of such 
a step has been so frequently pointed out, and we think 
so clearly demonstrated, as to have convinced any save 
the most prejudiced mind. The three reasons which have 
been most generally assigned as excuses for taking such 
a step as that in contemplation have been, first, the de- 
sirability of having an organ to voice the views of the 
Executive Committee, and chastise proprietors who fail 
to loyally support the N. A. R. D. plan ; the need of an 
additional source of revenue, and finally a means of ex- 
ploiting the association and its doings in an improved 
way. 

The answer to the first of the reasons stated is that 
the drug trade press has not in any single instance, so 
far as we are aware, failed to carry out the wishes of the 
N. A. R. D. as to the publication of facts concerning any 
recalcitrant manufacturer or jobber. Any concealment 
which has been practiced has been due to the failure of 
the N. A. R. D. to ask for the publication of facts which 
it deemed essential to the furtherance of its plans. As 
to the question of revenue, the association will certainly 
be leaning upon a very slender reed if it expects to derive 
any substantial income from any such arrangement as 
that proposed at the Buffalo meeting. The proposition 
there submitted pledged the association to a very large 
extent — namely,' a certain sum per capita for each of the 
members of its associations in membership as a subscrip- 
tion to a journal, without giving any definite pledge in 
return, save the very shadowy one of 50 per cent, of the 
expected profits, which were computed at ten to twenty 
thousand dollars. The absurdity of such a proposition 
must be apparent to any business man. It would be prac- 
tically impossible to draw up a contract along these lines 
which would give any assurance to the association of 
profit ; and admitting the possibility of a profit, as has al- 
ready been pointed out, any profit which mi^ht accrue 
would undoubtedly be at some cost in the respect and es- 
teem of the proprietary men which would make it very 
dearly bought indeed. If the officers of the association 
feel that they have the right to exact tribute from the 
proprietary medicine interests of the country, they would, 
in our opinion, obtain much better results, both in money 
and in good will, by soliciting direct subscriptions than 
in the very roundabout method of establishing an organ 



and taking a portion of the possible profits to be derived 
from the advertising end. 

Finally, as to the giving out of news, it has been pro- 
posed to the Executive Committee that an editor or re- 
porter be attached to the secretary's office for the prepara- 
tion and dissemination of news through the journals now 
established, and that the expenses of this work be borne 
jointly by the drug journals somewhat in the manner of 
the Associated Press. This proposition is eminently prac- 
ticable and one to which we do not doubt the trade press 
would willingly accede. With this means provided for 
the dissemination of news, it would seem that all reason- 
able grounds for the establishment of an N. A. R. D. 
organ are removed. 

THE REOOGNinON OF DIPHTHERIA ANTI- 
TOXIN BY THE PHARMACOPOEIA. 



IT will be recalled by our readers that at the Richmond 
meeting of the American Pharmaceutical Associa- 
tion, held last year, a special committee was appointed 
to investigate the question of introducing diphtheria anti- 
toxin into the U. S. Pharmacopoeia of 1900-1910. At the 
St. Louis meeting of the Association this committee, con- 
sisting of Prof. L. E. Sayre, E. H. Houghton, M.D., and 
Albert Schneider, M.D., presented a valuable and com- 
prehensive report, based upon information obtained from 
manufacturers of antitoxin, bacteriologists engaged in 
the actual production of antitoxin and biolc^cal prod- 
ucts, teachers of bacteriology, health officers in cities 
containing over 100,000 population, and prominent physi- 
cians, especially those devoting their entire attention to 
the subject of diseases of children. 

The conclusions and recommendations of the commit- 
tee were as follows : 

A careful study of these opinions by your committee leads 
us to the conclusion that the coming revision of the IT. S. 
Pharmacopoeia should follow the example of the Gterman 
Pharmacopoeia and officially recognize diphtheria antitoxin. 
The product is In almost universal use to-day by progressive 
physicians, and it should be possible to officially recognize it 
in such a manner that the sick could be protected against 
wealsened and worthless serum and the retail druggist could 
be protected In its sale. In Germany this is done by the 
paternalism of the Imperial Government, but in this country 
the whole genius of our national institutions Is against gov- 
ernmental paternalism. While It is vitally necessary, if diph- 
theria antitoxin be recognized by our Pharmacopceia, that it 
be standardized, in order to make recognition of any value, it 
would be as unwise to subject the control of the standardisa- 
tion to political influences as it would be to issue the U. S. 
Pharmacopceia under such auspices. We don't want science 
by government in this country! 

At the same time It should be possible to provide some 
means of controlling the strength of diphtheria antitoxin 
without governmental supervision. 

We believe that this can be done by requiring of aU manu- 
facturers that all diphtheria antitoxin sold as " U. S. P., 1900- 
1910," shall state upon the label of each container (1) the 
number of immunizing units in each Cc, (2) the total number 
of immunizing units in each container, and (3) the date after 
which the antitoxin ceases to have the strength claimed for 
it, and also that there shall accompany each package sold a 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



35 



dated and signed voucher by the manufacturer guaranteeing 
(1) the unit strength of the product in each Gc, (2) the total 
unit strength of the package, and (3) the date after which 
the antitoxin ceases to have the strength claimed for it. It 
might be well, also, to require that both label and voucher 
shall be numbered with a laboratory number of the lot made. 

The Pharmacopoeia should adopt a standard method for 
manufacturers to follow in determining unit strength, proba- 
bly Bhrlichs' method, and provide for a series of standard 
strengths of antitoxin. 

By this method the retail druggist could obtain adequate 
protection by buying of manufacturers who could and would 
guarantee it He would not need to malse costly tests re- 
quiring unusual facilities, nor wou|d he be compelled to have 
them made by political governmental Inspectors, but he could 
secure the fullest measure of protection by placing the burden 
of responsibility upon the shoulders of the maker, where it 
properly belongs. i 

Your committee would therefore recommend that this Asso- 
ciation send a copy of this report and the accompanying 
communications to the Chairman of the Revision Committee 
of the U. S. P. (1000-1910), and ask that, he issue a special 
circular to members of the committee, based upon this report, 
requesting that a special vote be taken upon the question of 
the Introduction of diphtheria antitoxin into the U. S. Pharma- 
copceia. 

The report was adopted by the American Pharma- 
ceutical Association. 

The one feature that stands out most prominently in 
the report of this committee is the fact that a method 
has been provided whereby retail druggists can be 
adequately protected in the sale of diphtheria antitoxin 
without being compelled to make costly tests requiring 
unusual facilities or have them made at their own ex- 
pense. 

This is most important for the reason 'that the main 
opposition to the official recognition of diphtheria anti- 
toxin has come from retail druggists, who objected to 
becoming responsible for the quality of a product which, 
apparently, they could not control. It was frankly ad- 
mitted that a remedy which, as Dr. W. W. Keen, of 
Philadelphia, recently stated, has reduced the mortality 
in Baltimore from 70 per cent, to 5 per cent., and has 
saved by its use in New York 1,500 lives during a single 
year, was deserving of official recognition, in order that 
its quality could be guaranteed to the sick and the dying. 
But how best to protect the public against the use of 
valueless serums, and how best to protect retail druggists 
in the sale of antitoxin, these were difficult questions to 
answer. 

The committee seems to have solved the difficulty 
and has presented an entirely practicable plan. By the 
method proposed the responsibility for the quality of the 
product would be placed upon the shoulders of the mak- 
ers, where it properly belongs, and retail druggists could 
obtain protection by buying a "U. S. P." product of 
responsible manufacturers who could and would guaran- 
tee protection. It only remains for the Committee on 
Revision to provide requirements controlling the sale of 
products labeled " U. S. P." by manufacturers. 

In view of the St. Louis cases, where apparently 
tetanus toxins were present in diphtheria antitoxin, it 



would be well for the Committee of Revision to i^equire 
that the antitoxin shall not only be sterile, but shall be 
free from any toxin, a fact demonstrable by control or 
physiological tests. 

We trust and believe the Revision Committee will 
give this question the careful consideration that its im- 
portance demands, and will see its way clear to recc^jnize 
the remedy, the use of which is to-day the accepted treat- 
ment for the infectious disease of diphtheria. 



WANTED: AN ALL-STATE BOARD. 



WE long, earnestly and consistently urged the unifica- 
tion of the several boards of pharmacy having 
jurisdiction in this State. The first step toward carrying 
out this consummation has been taken, and we now have 
a board that in name at least is the New York State Board 
of Pharmacy. The work is only half-way done, however, 
nor can it be considered as complete until all sectional 
diflferences are done away with and we have an all-State 
board in fact as well as in name. 

The law as it now stands is a compromise, and, like • 
most compromises, shows many weak points. There is 
a healthy spirit of inquiry abroad as to why the qualifica- 
tions of electors are not the same in every section of the 
State. The reasons assigned by those who defend the 
present status of things are not convincing, and it is only 
a matter of time when they will cease to be effective and 
the pressure for a uniform qualification for electors all 
over the State overcomes all opposition. Indeed, unless 
this opposition is shrewd enough to yield gracefully, the 
spirit aroused will carry the reform much further than 
the mere question of qualification, and will give us an 
all-State board devoid of any sectional divisions what- 
ever. 

Already a strong movement is under way in this city 
to throw open the franchise to all licensed pharmacists 
and druggists, and to make the Eastern- branch uniform 
in its workings with the other branches. The Manhattan 
Pharmaceutical Association has taken this position and 
urged the adoption of an additional amendment to the bill 
to effect this. It is the only logical position to take while 
the board is sectionally divided as it is. It is unfor- 
tunate for pharmacy generally in Greater New York that 
a borough so nearly situated to the old City of New York 
as Brooklyn should be in a position to exert an independ- 
ent function in the workings of the Eastern branch. The 
election for members of the Eastern branch should be 
held at one place in the old City of New York, and the 
official headquarters of the branch should be situated 
there. It is a most absurd and unheard of thing to divide 
the work of a branch board, and parcel out its offices as 

is now done. 

A satisfactory solution of the problem of pharmacy 
regulation in the State of New York will not be reached 
until the various boards of pharmacy are unified in fact, 
as well as in name, and all sectional differences are done 
away with. 



3^ 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



SUGGESTIONS TOWARD INCREASING THE 
PRESTIGE OF THE STORE. 

By Joseph F. Hostellet, 

OoUtngdale, Pa. 

IN a few modem pharmacies, where some of the finer 
business details are regarded, provision is made for 
speeding the time patrons voluntarily wait for prescrip- 
tions. The means employed to entertain are many : Cur- 
rent periodicals, the phonograph, the mutoscope, etc. 
There is a deep, underlying strata of practical wisdom 
in this proceeding which the superficial thinker is likely 
to underestimate. The appreciation felt by a customer 
toward any measure that relieves the tedium of waiting 
is a significant factor in a business equation.- The bear- 
ing it has on the business status of the pharmacist, as 
viewed by the public, is analogous to the reception ac- 
corded the customer by the druggist or his clerk. The 
address of the store attendant may be formal, friendly 
or familiar. The inherent faculties of the individual 
should tell him unerringly which attitude to assume in 
the proper situation. Sometimes, however, something 
seems amiss with the intuition of the innate attribute : A 
yokel is out of his field. When the public gives palpable 
preference to one pharmacy in a town or district, it is 
unmistakable that a peculiar something in the particular 
atmosphere of this store is the magnet. This something 
is business breath and breadth; the magnet is the man. 
He has good business judgment, tact and skill; he is a 
man of a modern, progressive spirit, and the critique 
of his clerks must be nearly on a par. He surrounds 
himself with the proper elements of a successful busi- 
ness and success is inevitable. 

PUBLIC SUPPORT IS CLAIMED BY COURTEOUS ATTENTION 

on the part of the store attendants, not by force of num- 
bers. Patronage is won by looking to details, by study- 
ing the minor elements of a business deportment as they 
have bearing on the* essential person of the customer. 
Patronage will naturally gravitate toward the point 
where human interests and instincts find a token of sym- 
pathy. Make a customer feel welcome, at home and at 
ease, from their entrance to their departure, and he or 
she will come gladly, voluntarily, frequently. 

" ENTERTAIN THE WAITING PATRON." 

The phonograph or the mutoscope admirably serve 
the waiting customer as a happy medium to relieve the 
tension of expectancy. Often a customer will wait pa- 
tiently for a prescription, be it powder or pills, with a 
comfortable chair and a popular periodical. A current 
magazine of the day, with bright, crisp fiction and fact, 
will shorten the minutes of waiting as though Father 
Time had taken pause to look through the pages himself. 
For the purpose in view, however, observation points to 
the illustrated comic sheet as one of the best and most 
appreciated expedients in print. Humor finds an affinity 
more often than science or art. This is evidenced by 
the dog-eared pages of a Puck or Judge so often seen 
beside but little thumbed monthly of more sober thoughts. 
The druggist might make capital of this prompting of 
human nature by compiling a comic volume of illustrated 
humor that would favor his business in every fla^h of 
wit, a volume that would cleverly turn seasonable jest 
into serious advertising. 

SUGGESTION FOR A STORE SCRAP-BOOK OF WIT AND HUMOR. 

Let a book of large blank pages and an attractive 
binding be procured ; select carefully illustrations of pure 
humor from some of the many available sources, and, 



with the aid of a paste-pot and brush, group them to 
advantage in the pages of the scrap-book. Colored illus- 
trations among the black and white will lend an artistic 
tone to the volume and greatly enhance the value of the 
book as an appeal to the eye. Each* page will present 
but a few selections. Beneath each illustration the drug- 
gist will carefully pen a brief, befitting commentary upon 
the witticism, appropriating the gist or the tenor of the 
jest as an advertising advantage. For example: Beneath 
one of Gus Dirk's inimitable conceptions of insect life 
the druggist will print or write, in red or black ink, 
something in the following vein : 

Did you ever see anything funny about a bug? You might 
smile at the way Smith's Insect Chaser makes them " take to 
the tall grass." Insect Chaser, 10 cents per package. 

As an apt comment upon one of the familiar "en- 
gagement " jokes, the druggist might say : 

We can offer the proper stationery whenever congratula- 
tions are in order. Pure Irish linen paper and envelopes, 30 
cents per box. 

Golf or football humor could be commented upon in 
these words: 

A rub down with Smith's Triple Strength Witch Hasel Is 
the proper supplement to a golf game. It Is a tonic to tired 
muscles and makes you feel fresh the day after. Price, 40 
cents per pint. 

An illustrated joke on the artist or painter might be 
commented upon in this way : 

Smith's Anti-Spot removes paint stains—and lots of other 
spots. 15 cents per bottle. 

One of the colored travesties upon the tramp so fre- 
quently seen in the comic world might offer an oppor- 
tunity to carry this counsel to the reader: 

To discourage a tramp, offer him n cake of soap. Butter- 
milk soap, 10 cents per cake. 

These few examples express the writer's ideas merely 
in a general way; to be more specific would restrict the 
scope of the suggestions; they should clearly convey to 
the reader, however, the idea in mind.. Such a highly 
original and interesting volume, if carefully and aptly 
compiled, should not only prove entertaining to waiting 
patrons, but materially benefit business as a novel and 
remunerative advertisement for the pharmacy in general 
and certain items of stock in particular. Entertain the 
wating patron ! 

PATRONS WITH PREFERRED CLAIMS. 

Just as an investor may hold preferred stock, certain 
patrons of a store are tacitly understood to have a " pre- 
ferred claim " upon the attention of the druggist. Little 
courtesies and concessions are always granted a certain 
few, whose patronage is most regular and remunerative. 
This is sanctioned by the schools of trade and traffic and 
is one of the traditional tactics of a legitimate business 
policy. Favor foi" favor is a fixed and immutable law 
of society. One of the cardinal virtues of the writer's 
preceptor as a business man was his ambition to please 
patrons. As " boy " in the store the writer g^reatly ap- 
preciated this element of a sound business policy, because 
it offered frequent opportunities to get beyond the con- 
fines of drug counters and cases, up town to deliver a 
prescription, down town to a jobber's to quickly fill an 
order for something not in stock. A call for an un- 
familiar article was never met with the simple assertion, 
" We haven't it in stock." Without exception the cus- 
tomer was told : " We can get it for you." And invari- 
ably the article was procured, even if an appeal had to 
be made to the manufacturer in some distant city. 
Patrons of the store were made to feel that at this phar- 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



37 



4t 



macy their wants would surely be filled, properly and 
as quickly as circumstances would allow. Nothing was 
permitted to delay the delivery of prescriptions. Meals 
must wait, lesser duties were postponed. 

Our list of " good customers " included several fam- 
ilies whose visits to the store were so frequent as to seem 
daily. Of course, in a busy store, this is not unusual. 
There are many families, particularly where there are 
children, in which some member is most always a doctor's 
patient. Very often the writer was deputed to ask the 
wants of a steady patron when he happened in their 
neighborhood. No concerted effort was made along this 
line, however, the patronage seeking the man in the old, 
orthodox way. 

A DELIVERY SYSTEM FOR THE DRUG STORE. 

Now it seems to the writer that a druggist in a 
home district " might establish a delivery system with 
much pecuniary profit, much like business men of other 
callings find advantageous. With the telephone and the 
apprentice as delivery clerk, the system would be in- 
stalled. To a few of the most persistent customers it 
would be tentatively suggested that the delivery clerk 
call once a day, " when in the neighborhood," to learn 
if anything in the drug line was wanted, explanation 
being offered that a delivery system had been inaugu- 
rated which would save customers much time and trouble, 
the delivery clerk making daily calls and delivering 
promptly anything that might be desired. If the cus- 
tomer could be called up by 'phone, this would simplify 
the system a trifle without affecting the result, except 
possibly to the advantage of the customer, who could 
request a delivery at any hour of the day. 

DOZING DRUGGISTS — NOT DOSING. 

• 

Now every druggist knows full well that even his 
" very good customers " sometimes buy elsewhere. 
This may be the result of one of many influences, — ^bar- 
gain offers, some other store being closer on a stormy 
day, one of the servants having a preference for another 
pharmacy, etc.; very often the head of the house will 
bring a prescription or some article of the drug list from 
down town on his way home from business, to save his 
wife or sister the necessity of getting dressed to go to 
the druggist's. This is not business fiction we are put- 
ting pen to, my druggist friend ; it is fact — fact put into 
plain speech by an observer in a position to observe and 
to know what is fact. And it is the plain, unvarnished 
fact that the average druggist the country over is just 
about half as enterprising as he might be. To one wide- 
awake druggist there are a dozen dozing. To one pro- 
gressive, up-to-date pharmacist there are many who seem 
not to care in the least whether it is " school hour or 
recess." They just go on, day after day, opening the 
door in the morning at the dawn of the business hour, and 
drawing the shades at night, with a long face and a per- 
functory air, apathetic to the modem demands of society, 
dwarfed in spirit by dull content or made indifferent by 
a mistaken conception of the business ethics of pharmacy. 

THE PROOF OF THE PUDDING. 

There has never been an idea put in print or practice 
of any distinction for originality that was not picked to 
pieces by critics and found full of faults before the in- 
vention could prove itself of profit or loss. Now, before 
the druggist critic condemns the delivery system, we sug- 
gest as impractical or fruitless, let him put the venture 
upon its merits by practical experiment, or waive judg- 
ment until actual results can be quoted from some other 
source. The proof of the pudding is not in its receipt. 

As a parting word let us add that if the customer 



who will voluntarily wait for a prescription is entertained 
in some practical and pleasant way, more customers will 
be willing to wait. Tliis will excuse the delivery derk 
from many errands and afford him more time to give 
attention to the delivery system. 

A NEW USE FOR PRESCRIPTION CHECKS. 

The system is a familiar one whereby error is avoided 
in delivering prescriptions to patrons waiting in the 
store, alid identification perfectly established, through 
the medium of prescription checks. An idea along this 
line suggests itself to the writer that would give to this 
system an intrinsic value in addition to that of its funda- 
mental principle. It might be made to serve the dual 
role of a factor toward accuracy and an advertisement 
for special goods in stock. The scheme in mind is to 
have printed, a little three or four leaf folder, each leaf, 
say, about 2 inches square, or possibly 2 inches by 3 
inches; just a convenient size to carry in a pocketbook 
or card case, or to slip into the vest pocket. On one side 
of the first leaf to the left a notice of this character will 

appear : " This check calls for prescription No 

The Modern Pharmacy, Main and Market streets." 
Each consecutive page to the right will speak, in a very 
few terse sentences, of some seasonable preparation pre- 
pared by the druggist, modest claims being made for the 
efficacy of the remedies and prices quoted. The leaves 
on the opposite side of the folder are similarly treated. 
The reverse of the prescription check will carry an ad- 
vertisement for some timely article. It is a matter of 
opinion as to whether the text of one face of a leaf shotdd 
be identified with the theme of the opposite side. The 
obverse and reverse might speak to some length of one 
and the same article, or two preparations could be nicely 
brought to the fore in a few words. 

USE OF THE FOLDER EXPLAINED. 

Now, when a prescription is handed over the counter 
to be filled for a customer who is to wait, or return, for 
the medicine, the recipient of the recipe records the cor- 
rect file number of this prescription on the check leaf 
of the folder, hands the latter to the patron and explains 
that, on the presentation of the check the prescription 
will be received. It is made clear to the customer, — ^in a 
few words if the latter be intelligent, in more explicit 
terms if the opposite, — ^that it is not at all necessary that 
the entire folder be returned, but only the leaf on which 
appears the prescription number — ^the check. At the 
time the prescription itself is delivered into the hands 
of the patron, the latter is told to keep the check for 
future verification should they desire the prescription 
refilled and not care to bring the bottle or box, or find 
that the original container has been mislaid. Very often, 
long after the first compounding of a prescription, there 
will arise an occasion for a repetition of the same, and 
nowhere is the original container to .be fotmd. With 
two records of the same prescription in possession, the 
chances are greatly in favor of a person finding one 
means of identification. 



The poisonous upas tree has had such an evil reputa- 
tion that it is frequently supposed to instantly poison 
any one who comes near it. This is, of course, incorrect 
and exaggerated; but its bark is full of a thick, milky 
juice, which yields a poisonous gas, and, as a naturalist 
says, *' a cup of it hidden in the room of a sleeper pro- 
duces stupor, and eventually death." This juice has the 
effect of immediately producing intense irritation of the 
skin, with painful rash. 



38 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



STORE MANAGEMENT. 

Con dttcte d by ▼• A. DawMMu 
In tMitioH to publishing a series ofartides covering the commet- 
cial side of pharmaty^ the editor oj this department witl en- 
deavor to discuss^ criticise^ advise and give information on 
any question pertaining to the business management of the 
drug store propounded by readers of the Ams&ican D&uogist, 
This feature of the department is intended to eonstituie a busi* 
ness query column for the readers of the Amulican Druggist, 
and all queries ngarding business matters addressed to it will 
be freely answered, 

SYSTEM IN THE PRESCRIPTION LABOR- 
ATORY. 

VEN when viewed from a purely business stand- 
point, the adoption of a system for the receiving, 
filling, checking and delivery of prescriptions is desirable. 

To build up his prescription trade the pharmacist 
must first get the confidence of the public. • The feeling 
of confidence that will carry a patron past the doors of 
half a dozen drug stores to have a prescription prepared 
at a particular pharmacy is not attained alone by a finely 
fitted store, or courteous attention^or low prices, or liberal 
advertising. It is true that these all help in a greater 
or less degree, but it is mainly by the systematic way in 
which this part of the business is conducted — impress- 
ing patrons with the careful attention, exactitude of meth- 
ods and precaution against possible error used in the 
prescription department, which begets the feeling of con- 
fidence and security that is the corner-stone of every large 
prescription business. 

RECEIVING THE PRESCRIPTION. 

The use of the triplicate prescription check is recom- 
mended in receiving prescriptions, and for the benefit of 
those who are not yet acquainted with it we give an illus- 
tration of the usual form of this check. When a pre- 
scription is received one of these checks is torn in two 
at the dotted line y and the right hand half given to the 
customer. The other half of the check contains two 
duplicates of the number and is gummed on the back. 
Section A is attached to the lower edge of the prescrip- 
tion which is then sent to the prescription coun- 
ter to be compounded. When the prescription is 
filled and the package wrapped up, section B of the 
check is torn at the dotted line x and attached to the 
wrapper of the prescription. 

Check slips of this kind are made by most drug 

label printers and are usually supplied bound in books of 

500 checks. A fault with many of these checks, as in 

the case of the one illustrated here, is that the printer 

does not allow space enough in section B for writing 

all the information that this part ojf the check should 

•contain. Where a larg^e business is transacted this part 

of the check should give all the necessary information 

to the prescription clerk and the form read something 

like this : 

Pjiice 

M 

Address 

Call. Send. Coll. 
Paid. Chgd. 

In some large establishments all prescriptions are re- 
ceived by the manager or person in charge at a desk near 
the front of the store. In this case the prescription check 
is of somewhat different form, being larger, and in fill- 
ing out the check a carbon copy is taken and retained 



» 



at the receiving desk for the manager's information and 
in order that he may keep close tab on the prescription 
department. Usually the manager prices and times the 
prescription, and, if it is to be charged to the customer, 
makes out the charge slip as well and notes the charge 
and price on the check. In timing the prescription the 
check is stamped with a time stamp, a clock dial showing 
the exact time that the prescription was forwarded to 
the prescription department, and on a line underneath, 

containing the words, " To be ready at 

is marked the time at which the prescription is to be 
ready. When a prescription is not reported as " ready " 
before the expiration of this time, the prescription clerk, 
if called upon to do so, is expected to furnish a valid 
reason for its not being ready; and where the prescrip- 
tion clerk upon receiving a prescription determines that 
it cannot be turned out in the time named, he must report 
that fact at the desk. When the receiving desk is at some 
distance from the laboratory a wire cash carrier is some- 
times used between the desk and laboratory, and general- 
ly the finished prescriptions are returned to the desk to 
be there delivered to the waiting customer or sent by 
messenger to the patient's residence at the time promised. 
The ordinary triplicate check may be used in the small- 
est business with benefit. This check always impresses the 
customer favorably and assures him that the claims for 
carefulness and accuracy in dispensing are not all adver- 
tising talk. Naturally the customer considers the filling 
of his prescription as a very serious matter, which it 
certainly is, and whatever means can be used by the phar- 
macist to impress the customer with the fact that he fully 
realizes his responsibility and exercises every care pos- 
sible in the safeguarding and compounding of the pre- 
scription should be taken. Aside from ethical considera- 
tions, the adoption of such measures is dictated by sound 
business policy. 

PREPARING AND CHECKING PRESCRIPTIONS. 

The old rule in preparing a prescription was : *' Take 
the container of each ingredient from its place, and after 
carefully noting the label, weigh or measure out the re- 
quired amount and at once return the container to its 
place, again carefully noting the label as you set it back.'* 
The new way is to take the container of each ingredient 
from its place, and after weighing or measuring the re- 
quired quantity, leave it on the counter until the prescrip- 
tion is finished and labeled; then with the prescription 
in plain view each ingredient with the weight or meas- 
ure used beside it is gone over and verified before it 
is returned to its place. The label is then compared 
with the prescription to see that number, date, doctor's 
name and directions are correct. Where there are two 
or more clerks this verification or checking should be 
done by some one other than the compounder of the pre- 
scription. 

As a convenience as well as a further safeguard, 
checking trays are used to separate the materials and 
weights used in each prescription from other materials 
and weights. Any shallow box or even a paper box 
cover will answer the purpose, but to have a more busi- 
ness-like appearance the trays should be of light wood 
well varnished; the most convenient size is about 8 x 14 
inches wide and i inch deep. 

Upon its arrival in the prescription laboratory a 
proper container is selected for the prescription and the 
label written and all placed in a tray where they remain 
until the prescription is finished and checked. 

FILING THE PRESCRIPTION. 

The most convenient form of day file is a Shannon 
arch file fastened to a heavy wood base to give it stability. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



39 



This file holds the prescriptions securely so that there is 
no danger of their being blown off or lost and the pre- 
scriptions may be readily turned back. This is intended 
for holding the day's prescriptions, the prescriptions be- 
ing transferred to the permanent file from it the next 
morning. It should be made the duty of the first or 



little effect on the customer, for he looks at the matter 
from an entirely different standpoint and too often draws 
the worst possible inference from the transaction. He 
reasons that because the doctor wrote something on a 
paper which he could not read that the druggist took ad- 
vantage of him and charged him more than he would 




o 

(0 




o 

(0 




DRUQQIST. 

692 Grand Street* BROOKLYN 
^ TO AVOID •J^TgSJ*^ J. 



o 

(0 



Triplicate Prescription Check. 



second clerk to transfer the prescriptions daily and this 
duty should not be allowed to be neglected. The last 
thousand or so prescriptions are the ones oftenest re- 
ferred to, and they should be in such shape as to admit 
of their bein|^ easily turned to. We have seen in some 
quite pretentious pharmacies the very poor system, or 
lack of system, of allowing a thousand or less prescrip- 
tions to accumulate on the receiving file before they were 
transferred to a permanent file, with the result that the 
prescriptions became dirty and dog-eared before being 
finally filed away. Getting behind hand on the prescrip- 
tion filing, like getting behind with the bodckeeping, 
creates a distasteful task, and is an evidence of slipshod 
methods. 

ABOUT PRICING PRESCRIPTIONS. 

Every pharmacy has, or should have, a scale of prices 
that is used as a basis in pricing prescriptions. The usual 
method is to have a minimum price for certain quanti- 
ties, and where a prescription calls for extra expensive 
ingredients to add the extra price to the scale price. As 
a matter of course there can be no hard and fast set of 
rules made that will work satisfactorily in every case, and 
the rules of common sense and business honesty must 
be applied in making the price on each prescription. One 
practice, that is fortunately falling into disuse and which 
has lost many a pharmacist a good customer and given 
some groimd for the popular belief that the customer is 
charged a price many times greater for an article sold 
under a prescription label than for the same thing sold 
over the counter, is the practice in some stores of charg- 
ing full retail price for a proprietary when dispensed on 
prescription and selling the same article ov«r the counter 
at a less price. We do not mean such prescriptions as 
contain one or more proprietary preparations as ingredi- 
ents, but where a physician writes a prescription for, say, 
a bottle of Pepto-Mangan or a bottle of Fellows' Syrup ; 
if the pharmacist is selling these preparations over the 
counter for 90c. and $1.25 respectively, and charging 
$1.00 and $1.50 when dispensing them from his pre- 
scription department, why, some time or other some of 
his customers will find it out and resent what they regard 
as a " squeeze." ' The customer loses confidence in that 
particular pharmacist and in pharmacists generally. 

The pharmacist may arg^e from the standpoint that 
he charged but the legitimate retail price and that his 
profit was little enough at that, and that even though he 
charged more for the* article as a prescription than at 
retail the difference simply covered the extra work of 
handling, labeling, filing, etc. But while this may justify 
the pharmacist to his fellow craftsmen and himself, it has 



have done if he had asked for the article by name, there- 
fore he feels that the druggist has not dealt squarely 
with him. If physicians wM prescribe proprietaries the 
only thing to do is to hand them out at your regular 
price and hope for happier days. 

DRUGGISTS' COURSE IN OPTICS 



Cmdnctol by C* ri« Bcowot M«D»t 
Preeldent of the PhiladelphiA Opeical College 



This series of papers is designed to furnish in/ormatum whiek 
is required by druggists for the intelligent handling of a line 
of optical goods. The first oj the series appeared in our issue 
for September 24^ igoo. 

THE PHYSIOLOGY OF VISION (Qmtintted)* 

THE function of the crystalline lens is to produce dis- 
tinct perception of form and outline. If the eye con- 
sisted merely of a sensitive retina covered by a trans- 
parent membrane, the impressions of light would be re- 
ceived, but would afford no idea of form or outline, pro- 
ducing merely the sensation of confused light, amounting 
simply to the perception of light from darkness. Such a 
condition is illustrated by the accompanying diagram. 




Fiff. 1. — Rays proceeding from an object and affording simply the 

sensation of confused light 

The arrow represents a luminous body, while the ver- 
tical line at the right represents the retina. The rays 
which diverge from the point of the arrow reach every 
part of the retina, and in like manner the rays which 
diverge from the butt of the arrow reach every part of 
the retina ; consequently the different points of the retina 
each receive rays coming from both the point and butt 
of the arrow. There can, therefore, be no distinction by 
the retina between the point and the butt of the arrow 
and no definite perception of its figure. 

But if now there is supplied between the arrow and 
the retina a double convex lens of the proper focus, the 
effect will be entirely different, as shown in the accom- 
panying diagram. 



4© 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



In this case all the rays emanating from the point of 
the arrow will be concentrated at one certain spot, and all 



GATHERED FORMULAS. 




Fig. 2. — Bays proceeding from an object and passing through a conyex 
lens, afford distinct perception of form and outline. 



the rays emanating from the butt of the arrow at another 
certain spot. Hence the retina receives the impression 
of the point of the arrow separate and distinct from that 
of its butt, and all parts of the arrow will be separately 
and distinctly perceived. 

From the for^;oing figures it is easily seen that dis- 
tinct perecption of the form of an external object is 
only possible when all the rays of the light emanating 
from each and every point of the object are accurately 
focussed on the retina by the crystalline lens of the eye. 
In order to accomplish this satisfactorily, the density of 
the lens, the curvature of its surfaces, and its distance 
from the retina must all be in proper proportion to each 
other. If the lens is too convex, or if it is too far from 
the retina, the rays would meet in focus before reaching 
the retina, and would cross each other and fall upon the 
retina in diffusion circles, as is illustrated in the accom- 
panying diagram. 

The image from a case of excessive refraction, as 
shown above, would not be clear and distinct, but would 
be diffused and indistinct, because the rays of light, in- 
stead of being concentrated to a definite point, are dis- 
persed more or less over the surface of the retina. 

If, on the other hand, the lens is too flat, or if it is too 
near the retina, the image again would be confused and 
indistinct. 

The image from a case of deficient refraction, as 
shown here, would not be clear and distinct, but would 
be diffused and indistinct, because the rays of light are 
dispersed more or less over the surface of the retina, in- 
stead of being concentrated to a definite point. In both 
of the above cases the rays of light strike the retina in 
diffusion circles without producing any well defined 
image ; in the first case, because they have actually con- 
verged and crossed each other, and, in the second place, 
because they have only approximated, but never con- 
verged to a focus. 

As has been stated, the rays of light, after being 
converged by the crystalline lens, form their image upon 
the retina, which, consequently, is the most essential part 
of the organ of vision, as it is the only one of its tissues 
directly sensitive to light. The retina is a delicate,^ 
transparent membrane, composed largely of nervous ele- 
ments, and lining the whole interior of the cavity of the 
eye-ball. The retina seems to be a continuation of the 
optic nerve, which enters the eye-ball by piercing the 
outer coats and spreads out to form this membrane. It 
has been found by microscopists to consist of a number 
of different layers, which together form this membrane, 
the whole being connected with the extremities of the 
optic nerve fibers. 

On account of the delicate nervous structure of the 
retina it is well adapted to receive the impressions of 
the rays of light and, by means of its intimate connec- 
tion with the optic nerve, to convey such impressions 
to the brain. 




Syfup ot Lecithin* 

[La MSdeolne Modeme.} 

Yolk of egg 10 ounces. 

Water : . 2 ounces. 

This should be beaten and strained. The following Is then added 
and dlssolyed while cold': 

Sodium chloride 8 drachms. 

Sugar ounces. 

Cherry-laurel water i 2% ounces. 

Qlyeerln 10 ounces. 

This syrup, which Is also called Syrup of Bggs. Is supposed to con- 
tain 66 per cent of lecithin In each dessertspoonful, which Is the usoal 
dose. 

Emulskm of Petrokum 'WHtt HypoplMtphltcs» B« P. C. 

Liquid paraffin 8 fl. oa. 

Qum acacia. In powder 4 os. 

oil of cinnamon 24 minims. 

lYagacanth, In powder 120 gr. 

Caloum hypophosphlte. 192 gr. 

Sodium hypophosphlte 102 gr. 

Distilled water a sufficiency. 

Mix the first four Ingredients well together In a mortar, and add all 
at once oss. of water. Triturate until a perfect emulsion Is produced. 
Then add gradually a solution of the hypophosphltes In 4 fi. oss. of the 
water. Finally adjust the Tolume to 24 fl. ozs. by the addition of water. 

Dose, 1 to 4 fi. dr. 

"Wlhooplng Cough Bmbrocatloii* 

Asafetlda 8] 

Alkanet root a 

OllTe oil Sxxxil ^ 

DlfBst the powdered drugs In the oil for a week, then filter and add : 

Oil of caraway 

Oil of turpentine 

OH of pumlllo pine 

OH of bergamot 

Mix. 

'WOkbmoa*t Llnliiieal* 

Nentralhse crude pyrollgneous add with powdered ammonluiii car*- 
bonate, strain, and preserve In blue glass bottles. 
Used for bathing or painting syimllltlc sores. 

Gompottnd Syrttp of Glyccfopl i ospbatci» B« P« C 

Cudbear .^os. 

DlstlUed water. lOfl. oss. 

Boll for ten minutes, filter, and dlssoWe In the warm filtrate : 

Caldnm glycerophosphate 160 gr. 

Potassium glycerophosphate 80 gr. 

Sodium glycerophosphate 80 gr. 

ICagneslnm glycerophosphate ^ 8^' 

Iron glycerophosphate. In scales 40 gr. 

Cltrtc add. 80gr. 

Caffeine citrate % 8^- 

Btrydinlne hydrodilorlde. 2 gr. 

Tlien add — 

Befined sugar 14 oa. 

Heat until dissolved, and stra(n. When cold, add, prsvlonsly mixed : 

Chloroform 20 minims. 

Alcohol (90 per cent) 40 minima. 

Tlien add — 

Distilled water sufficient to produce 1 pint 

Dose : 1 to 2 fi. dr. 

Cocaine and Sapnttnal Solullocu 

Cocaine hydrochloride '. . 'gr. xItIU 

Suprarenal extract (Mer<A) gr. xxIt 

Salicylic add gr* ■>• 

Distilled water to 8i 

Dlssolye. 

Extract of Malt with Cod Liver OH^ B. P. C 

Extract of malt 17 fl. os. 

Cod liver oil 8fl.os. 

Heat the extract to 110 degrees P., and pour It Into a warm mortar, 
add the oil gradually and with constant trfturation. 
Dose : 1 to 4 fl. dr. 

Pepsin TJTlne, B« P. C 

Pepsin 820 ar. 

Hydrochloric add. ? !* ^'* 

Glycerin t "*.*^' 

Sherry suffldent to produce 1 pmt 

Add the add to 18 fl. oaa. of the sherry. Bub in a mortar the pw- 
sln with the glycerin, and gradually add the mixed rtierry and add. 
with constant stirring. Set aside for a week, fllter, and add suffldent 
sherry to produce 1 pint 

Dose : 1 to 2 fl. dr. 



Gasterine, a New Digestant. Under the 
name Gastterine a natural gastric juice of dogs is now 
on the market as a superior digestive preparation. It is 
said to contain a large amount of pepsin and of rennet 
ferment, together with 5.6 per thfiusand of hydrochloric 
acid (or more than in ordinary gastric juice). Fromont 
tried this preparation with excellent results. — Annates de 
Pharmacie, 190T. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



41 



Cream of Current Literature 

A Bammmry of the leading aitldas la contemporary pharmaeontlcal periodicals. 



Phannaceistiiciie-CentradhaUe, December 12. 

The State of Pharmacy in China, By Herr Varges, 
Military Pharmacist. — The author came across a field 
pharmacy, or medicine chest> which probably belonged 
to a Chmese military sureeon. The outfit consisted of 
small, white, round porcdain bottles and of polygonal 
transparent vials that were stoppered with white wax 
and contained various powders. The majority of the 
bottles contained small, round granules, colored red with 
eosin or carmine. There were also large numbers of 
pills, large tablets marked with Chinese characters, di- 
vided powders, each containing 2 Gm. of jalap and 
rhubarb, etc. The labels on the bottles did not indicate 
the nature of the contents, but merely the firm which 
furnished the remedy. There were a number of wrap- 
pers marked with the names of the medicines, as well as 
elaborate directions for using them, which included lauda- 
tory statements as to the virtue of the prescription. 

Among the remedies the author noticed a number of 
vegetable powders which are not used by Europeans. 
In addition to this there were bone charcoal, Glauber's 
salt and calomel, cinnabar and rhubarb. The red granules 
which resembled our own homeopathic remedies, con- 
tained a vegetable compound with quinine or codeine, or 
possibly sulphonal (?). As there is a high duty on 
opium, the Chinese avoid the use of this drug by sub- 
stituting morphine, codeine and sulphonal. The pills 
contained sodium chloride, powdered rhubarb and per- 
fumes. All the drugs in the medicine chest were per- 
fumed strongly with a mixture of camphor and musk, 
and smelling them immediately provoked sneezing on 
account of the presence of some vegetable powder. One 
of the chief methods of treatment employed by the 
Chinese is by making the patient smell the medicine 
which is intended for him. Even the pills were intended 
to be rubbed between the palms of the hands and inhaled 
through the nose. 

The Chinese physicians as a rule prepare their own 
prescriptions, but some also have open stores, which, 
however, cannot be compared with a modern drug store. 
In most cases the son of the physician is his father's as- 
sistant and attends to the business of the shop. In this 
way he learns his father's " trade " and later continues 
in charge of his practice. In the larger cities there are 
also drug stores of more pretentious character, in which 
innumerable remedies, especially foreign patent medi- 
cines, are sold. No examination is required of pharma- 
cists. 

Apotheker Zettungy November. 

New Methods for the Detection of Cocaine, By Dr. 
Hans Proelss, of Wurtzburg. — ^The method of extraction 
devised by Stas-Otto, especially if combined with the 
calcium sulphate process of Hilger-Kuster, are, accord- 
ing to this author, the best methods of extracting cocaine. 
The best general extracting agent was found to be chloro- 
form, while for various alkaloids different combinations 
of chloroform, alcohol, ether, etc., were found to.be most 
efficient. The author also found that alkaloids, in gen- 
eral, are more resistant to the action of putrefactive sub- 
stances than has been generally supposed. Thus, he was 
able to demonstrate the .presence of alkaloids in organic 
material that had been kept for a number of days. For- 
merly it was thought that in tissues in the state of ad- 
vanced putrefaction it is not worth while to look for 
anything but the inorganic poisons, and perhaps for 



strychnine, cantharidin and other more resistant alka- 
loidal substances. The author found, however> that 
morphine, for example, could be demonstrated in ma- 
terial that had been kept for 260 days. Cocaine is an 
exception to the general rule as to the resistance of alka- 
loids to putrefaction, inasmuch as it could only be found 
in dead bodies fourteen days after ingestion, and later 
disappeared. The presence of cocaine is, moreover, very 
difficult to prove, for there is no positively characteristic 
reaction for cocaine. Of the tests hitherto described the 
author found the only one, — the reduction with calomel, 
could be used. The following reactions were found to be 
as practical as any yet described, (i) Cocaine and ec- 
gonine remain colorless on addition of a few drops of 
sulphuric acid, but on the addition of a crystal of potas- 
sium bichromate the liquid turns at first reddish brown, 
then a beautiful green. (2) Ecgonine, heated with sul- 
phuric and hydriodic acids for some time, becomes cherry- 
red, then brown, and on evaporation a brownish residue 
is left. Cocaine remains colorless and on evaporation 
gives a colorless residue. (3) Ecgonine, plus chlorine 
water, evaporated, gives a green color with sulphuric 
acid. Cocaine remains colorless. (4) Ecgonine with 
bromine water, evaporated, gives a colorless residue, 
which turns red on addition of sulphuric acid. Cocaine 
with bromine water gives a red residue on evaporation, 
which remains red on addition of H2SO4. (s) Ecgonine 
and nitric acid, plus hydriodic add, remains colorless 
in the cold state, turns red on heating, then brown, be- 
ginning at the margin, and on evaporation gives a brown 
residue. Cocaine remains colorless throughout. (6) 
Cocaine evaporated with hydrochloric acid and a solu- 
tion of cobalt nitrate does not g^ve any color reaction. 
If a drop of sulphuric acid be added to the mixture tfie 
alkaloid gives a beautiful blue color, which lasts until 
the crystals are dissolved. Ecgonine does not always 
give this reaction, and if so, the color rapidly disappears. 
The author found further that ecgonine is not soluble 
in any of the hitherto employed extraction menstrua, and 
that it cannot be removed from watery solution by any 
of these menstrua, whether the solution be alkaline or 
acid or ammoniacal, and as ecgonine cannot be obtained 
by means of the dry materials, like calcium sulphate or 
by precipitation with potassium iodide, or phosphomolyb- 
dic acid, he concluded that when cocaine has l^n trans- 
formed into ecgonine in dead bodies it can no longer be 
demonstrated. (November 2.) 

A New Method of Determining the Iodine Figure 
of Fats. By C. A. Jungclaussen.— Von Hiibrs method 
of determining the iodine coefficient of fats is incon- 
venient for the pharmacist. The author recommends 
the method described by J. Hanus because it is simpler. 
He compar/ed the results of Hiibl's method with those 
obtained by the new process, and found that the new 
method is of advantage in the assay of all oils except 
those of cacao and cod liver oil. Hanus' method con- 
sists of dissolving lo.o of iodine monobromide in 500.0 
of glacial acetic acid (the former being prepared by drop- 
ping 13.0 of bromine into 20.0 of finely powdered iodine, 
in a cooled beaker and stirring) by triturating in a glass 
mortar, although the trituration may be dispensed with 
and the shaking of the two constituents substitued. This 
reagent may be kept for several days without any change 
in its composition. The amount of iodine in 25 Cc. of 
the solution is then determined, and to 25 Cc. of this 
fluid in a flask holding 200 Cc. 20 Cc. of a ten per cent. 



4a 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD 



solution of potassium iodide are added, the mixture well 
shaken and titrated with a decinormal thosulphate solu- 
tion, with or without the addition of starch solution. 

The iodine figure of fats is also determined in a stop- 
pered flask of 200 Cc. capacity. The amount of fat taken 
for the test varies. In the case of the solid fats, like lard, 
cacao butter, etc., from 0.6 to 0.7 Gm. is taken; in the 
case of oils with an iodine figure less than 120, i.e., olive 
oil and oil of almonds, from 0.2 to 0.25, and in the case 
of oils with a higher iodine figure only o.i to 0.15 Gm. 
by weight. Ten Cc. of chloroform are now added, and 
25 Cc. of the iodine monobromide solution are dropped 
from a burette. The glass stoppered flask is now closed 
and allowed to stand for fifteen minues, shaking from 
time to time. Fifteen Cc. of a 10 per cent, solution of 
potassium iodide are then added, and the mixture titrated 
with decinormal thiosulphate solution, in order to de- 
termine the amount of free iodine. (November 6.) 

The Disinfection of Dwellings by Formaldehyde. By 
Dr. Rapp. — The method proposed by the author is as 
follows: The articles necessary for the disinfection are 
about 2 kilogrammes of good unslaked lime (Aetzkalk) 
for a room of about 50 cubic metres, a wooden tub of 
about 12 to 15 liters capacity, a linen sheet, such as a 
bed sheet, of rather dense texture, of such size that it 
will cover a triangular or square frame, and that the ends 
will overhang about 10 centimeters. The room should 
be, if possible, heated before the disinfection, and flat 
dishes with water should be placed on the stove or in 
the openings of the heat registers. For rooms that can- 
not be heated the amount of formaldehyde must be larger 
than ordinary. The lime should then be placed into an 
oven, surrounded by pieces of wood and coal, and brought 
to a red glow. Water should be heated to fill the tub. 
Plants and animals should be removed from the room, 
but all infected articles should be left in it. All access 
of outside air should then be prevented by stopping up 
the crevices in doors, windows, etc. A second tub is 
used to moisten the patient's clothing in a disinfectant 
solution, for example milk of lime or lysol solution. 
The furniture is moved away from the walls, the ward- 
robes, etc., opened, and the room made ready for the 
disinfection. In the middle of the room a piece of tin 
is laid on the floor, and upon it the tub, over which the 
frame with the linen cloth is hung upon a rope stretched 
across the room at a height of about eight or nine feet. 
The cloth is moistened in hot water and hung immediately 
upon the four nails of the frame, and the four comers 
of the frame are adjusted so that it hangs over the tub, 
with the ends of the cloth hanging over the edges, closely 
surrounding the tub. These ends are now pinned to the 
sides of the tub, leaving an opening on one side. A 
board is placed on the tub, upon which the formaldehyde 
is generated. The glowing pieces of lime are now 
brought into the tub on a tin tray, and sprinkled with 
water in a thin, steady stream. When fumes no longer 
rise the tub is filled with boiling water. The formalde- 
hyde is generated with the carbolic-formaldehyde bri- 
quettes of Krell-Elb, in Dresden, by heating the lower 
end of the brick by means of a spirit lamp. Two of these 
bricks, representing 100 Gm. of paraformaldehyde, are 
sufficient for a room of 50 cubic meters. The clothes 
worn during the preparatory work are now taken off, 
hung in the room, and the door closed tightly. After 
seven hours a dish with ammonia is to be placed in the 
room through the open door, a piece of glowing lime or 
a red hot stone is placed in the ammonia, and the door 
closed. After half an hour the door may be opened and 
the room ventilated. (November 9.) 

To Distinguish Between Human Blood and the Blood 



of Lower Animals by Means of Specific Serums. By 
Dr. E. Ziemke. — This problem has not been solved 
until within very recently, when a method has been de- 
vised by Wassermann and Uhlenhut, by means of which 
a stain may be examined with the certainty of determin- 
ing whether it comes from a human being or from a 
lower animal, and whereby one even can tell which ani- 
mal the stain comes from. The principle of this method 
is as follows. The blood serum of an animal that has 
been prepared for several weeks by the injection of small 
doses of the blood of another species of animals into 
its peritoneal cavity, or under the skin, when mixed with 
a solution of the blood of the animal of the species from 
which the immunizing injections were taken, will show 
a precipitate. If, for example, a rabbit be inoculated 
in the proper manner with human blood, and the blood 
serum of this animal be taken to test the solutions of 
blood from various animals, including man, the only 
solution which will show a precipitate will be that made 
from human blood. This serum is therefore called a 
specific serum, because it precipitates specifically one 
kind of blood, the kind belonging to the species of ani- 
mals which served as the source of the injections in 
preparing the rabbit for the experiment. The only ex- 
ception to this rule is the fact that the blood of monkeys,, 
which are closely related to man, gives rise to a precipi- 
tate on addition of " humanized " rabbit's serum. 

Specific serums may be prepared for all the common 
domestic animals. These serums may be kept for some 
time, but they lose their efficiency after a while. The 
reaction is obtained as follows: If the blood to be ex- 
amined is fluid it is diluted to a pale yellow color, but if 
it is in the form of old dried stains it is dissolved in a 
^'7S per cent, salt solution, or in a o.i per cent, solution 
of sodium hydrate. The blood solutions must be per- 
fectly clear, in default of which they must be filtered 
through a hydraulic filter. The serum is added to these 
solutions in small glass tubes, the addition being made 
drop by drop in the proportion of 1 130 or 40. If the 
spots are so old that they cannot be dissolved in salt or 
soda solution, they are dissolved in a solution of potas- 
sium cyanide, which is neutralized by means of tartaric 
acid to a very slight alkaline or neutral reaction. In this^ 
manner stains over twenty years old were recognized 
successfully. 

A Contribution to the Study of the Active Constitu- 
ents of Senna. By Dr. A. Aweng. — A study of the chemistry 
of the active principle of senna, the glucoside catfiartinic 
acid, showed that this substance consists of two gluco- 
sides soluble in water. One of these gave the rhamnetin 
reaction with alkalies (a yellow color) and the other 
theoxyanthraquinone reaction (a red color) with the 
same reagents. Both were precipitated with bromine 
water in watery solutions. The author found that his 
double glucosides, prepared from buckthorn and from 
cascara sagrada, also showed the presence of two distinct 
glucosides, the one giving the rhamnetin, the other the 
oxyanthraquinone reaction. (November 20.) 

The Assay of Drugs According to the New Swedish 
Pharmacopma. By G. Frerichs. — In the new edition of 
the Swedish Pharmacopoeia {Svenska Farmacopen), 
which became official on January i, 1902, a great deal 
of attention is paid to the examination of drugs for their 
purity and active constituents. Like the (^rman Phar- 
macopoeia the Swedish has adopted methods of estimating 
the saponification and iodine figures for fats and oils, of 
obtaining the alkaloidal percentage of drugs and ex- 
tracts, and of making a quantitive determination of an 
official substance wherever possible. Among other note- 
worthy facts the Swedish Pharmacopoeia defines what is 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



43 



understood by an unweighable residue, namely, anything 
below one milligramme. One minute is taken as the 
standard of time in the qualitative reactions. The color 
of reactions should be judged by examining test tubes 
of from 15 to 20 Mm. diameter by holding the tube at 
right angles to the axis of the test tube. 

The directions for obtaining the coefficient of saponi- 
fication for various oils and fats are very explicit. About 

1 Gm. of the clear fat, which may be melted beforehand, 
is weighed accurately and heated for half an hour on a 
water-bath with 25 Cc. of an alcoholic semi-normal potas- 
sium hydrate solution. After cooling a few drops of 
phenolphthalein are added and enough seminormal hydro- 
chloric acid to make the red color disappear. This 
method is not applicable to wax, on account of its very 
low figure of saponification. 

The iodine figure for fats and oils is obtained as fol- 
lows: A prescribed amount of oil or fat is weighed in 
a glass-stoppered bottle holding 300 Cc, dissolved in 
25 Cc. of chloroform and 25 Cc. of iodine solution and 
the same amount of silver chloride solution are added. 
The fluid is allowed to stand for four hours (in the case 
of dry oils eighteen hours), whereupon 15 Gm. of potas- 
• sium iodide and 100 Cc. of water are added, and a deci- 
normal sodium thiosulphate solution titrated until the 
fluid is colorless. The activity of the reagents is tested 
as follows at the same time: 10 Cc. of the iodine solu- 
tion and the same amount of the silver chloride solution 
are mixed and allowed to stand for 4 or 18 hours re- 
spectively, and after the addition of potassium iodide 
and water, are titrated with the decinormal sodium 
thiosulphate solution. (November 20.) 

Bolletifio Chlmico Fafmacetitlco, December* 

A New Reagent for Albumin in the Urine, By Pro- 
fessor E. Pollacci. — The following formula is recom- 
mended by the author as a modification of Spiegler's 
reagent : 

Powdered tartaric acid 1 Gm. 

Gorrosive mercuric • sublimate 5 Gm. 

Sodium chloride 10 Gm. 

Formaldehyde, 40 per cent 5 Gm. 

DlsMUed water 100 Cc. 

The first three substances are dissolved in water and 
the solution filtered, whereupon the formaldehyde is 
added and the whole kept in a closed bottle. The test 
is conducted in the same manner as that of Heller. About 

2 Cc. of the reagent are poured into a test tube, and a 
small quantity of the urine to be tested is cautiously 
poured over the surface of the solution, taking care, 
especially at first, to allow the urine to trickle drop by 
drop along the walls of the tube, which may be held 
slightly inclined so as to prevent the mixture of the two 
fluids. At the point of contact of the two fluids there ap- 
pears immediately a well marked ring. If this ring be- 
comes wider and extends upward, we may be certain 
that we are dealing with a urine which contains albumin 
as a result of disease ; if the ring is very thin and does 
not appear suddenly, but after eight, ten or fifteen min- 
utes, the urine is warmer and the small amount of al- 
bumin eliminated could not be regarded as a sign of 
disease. This very sensitive reagent never fails to re- 
veal the presence of albumin in the urine. A series of 
comparative tests showed that Polacci's reagent demon- 
strated the presence of i part of albumin in 370,000. 
The new reagent, as well as that of Spiegler, is also per- 
fectly colorless and transparent, so that it presents dis- 
tinct advantages in the study of the albuminous ring. 
The atithor Mieves that Heller's ring-test with nitric 
acid is not worth as much as the ordinary heat-test with 
acetic acid. 



LlJaiofi Pharmaceutiqtte, November* 

A Plea for Galenical Preparations over Alkaloids. 
By Dr. P. Carles.-^According to Professor Pochet, of 
Paris, the results which can be obtained with galenical 
preparations are far superior, in many instances, to those 
which can be obtained with the corresppnding active 
principles. These active principles, alkaloids or gluco- 
sides, vary in their effects on the human body according 
to the plants from which they come and according to the 
methods of preparing them. Fonsagrives has said: 
'* The natural theriaca in which the alkaloids are en- 
veloped by nature do not merit the disdain with which 
one is disposed to-day to regard them. Engaged in 
the pursuit of these quintessences of drugs, the impor- 
tance of which I do not deny, nor even the advantage of 
easy administration, we forget the natural substances 
out of which chemistry extracts the active principle. A 
clinical study which would pay attention to the differ- 
ences between the action of the complex substances and 
the principles which are derived from them will reveal 
differences which we cannot ignore conscientiously." 

Originally vegetable drugs were employed according 
to the theory of signatures, later according to that of 
Linnaeus. This botanist believed that plants which have 
the same system of structure must possess the same 
medicinal properties; this theory, true in its generality 
for the cruciferae and the laliatae, for instance, is not 
so for the solanaceae, for side by side with poisonous 
species we find here edible ones. Pharmacy, in isolating 
active principles, should not rob them of certain constitu- 
ents of the plant from which they are derived, which 
favor the action of the active portion. For example, cer- 
tain colloids happily retard the drastic action of some 
resins until they reach the intestines. Digitonin facili- 
tates the solution of digitaline in water, so that an in- 
fusion of digitalis is more active than the digitaline which 
could be extracted from the same amount of leaves. 
The use of morphine has made us forget the employment 
of opium. Heat alone is able to modify the action of 
isomeric bodies and in this way are explained the nu- 
merous differences which exist between isomeric essences 
of turpentine, lemon, lavender and copaiba. The method 
of extraction of an active principle and the origin of a 
vegetable substance may modify the action of the active 
principle, as, for example, in the case of atropine and 
hyoscine; in the case of the very variable digitalins of 
commerce, of theobromine, of ergot, etc. The alkaloids 
are, however, useful for the study of the physiological 
action of drugs, but their use to the detriment of the 
galenical preparations is nothing but an apparent im- 
provement and takes away from the total effect of the 
medicament. The alkalpid goes straight and quickly to 
its destination, but, be it remembered, that digitaline does 
not replace digitalis, nor does opium mosphine, and the 
santonin does not compare in its effect with the action 
of the seed. 

Phamucecstical Journal^ December and Jantsary. 

Calcium Oxalate Crystals in the Study of Vegetable 
Drugs, By Henry Kraemer. — ^This paper, which was 
read at the St. Louis meeting of the American Pharma- 
ceutical Association, was fully abstracted in the Ameri- 
can Druggist for October 14, 1901, page 202. (Decem- 
ber 28.) 

• 

Preservation of Common Laboratory Solutions. By 
F. H. Alcock. — The question as to the best means of 
preserving such liquids as are prone to decomposition 
like ferrous solutions, Fehling^s solution, tartaric acid, 
sodium acetate, sodium hyposulphite, solutions of albu- 
min, of gelatin, and others of an organic nature, comes 



44 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



up constantly in pharmacy. The author speaks of ex- 
pedients that have been suggested; thus for the first 
named the introduction of an iron nail and the use of 
hypophosphites ; for the second, keeping in separate bot- 
tles, addition of glycerin, keeping in " actinic " bottles, 
and also in the dark; for the third, the ofEcial recom- 
mendation of addition of 25 per cent, by volume of 90 
per cent, alcohol. The B. P. assumes that the fourth 
will keep because no mention is made that it should be 
freshly prepared, as is stated under a solution of tannic 
acid, tartar emetic and others. But any one who uses 
such an agent as this knows that it does not keep, and 
that it develops early fungoid growths. For the sixth 
of the list — ^that is, solution of albumin, Mr. Cripps sug- 
gested 5 per cent, of acetic acid, which retards decom- 
position, but only for a short time. (Mr. Alcock names 
acetic acid as a preservative of soditun hypophosphite, 
an error which he corrects in a subsequent issue), and 
for solution of gelatin, mercuric iodide has been used — 
an undesirable addition to a chemical reagent. Mr. Al- 
cock calls attention to the value of carbon disulphide as 
an antiseptic and preservative. He says that it has been 
found useful for the following solutions: solution of 
sodium acetate, tartaric acid, tartar emetic and sodium 
hyposulphite. As there does not appear to be at present 
any objection to the use of carbon disulphide as a pre- 
servative for such solutions as those named, he suggests 
that it be given a trial by those who have occasion to keep 
the solutions on hand. (December 28.) 

A Tour in South Germany. By F. Goldby. — ^This is 
the narrative of a tour in the Black Forest district, which 
is concluded from a previous issue. The article is one of 
general interest and has little in it relating to pharmacy. 
We have commented on it in previous numbers. (De- 
cember 28.) 

Vegetable Powders and Their Diagnostic Characters, 
By Prof. Henry G. Greenish and Eugene Collin. — ^The 
concluding installment of this excellent series takes up 
the study of certain leaves, stramonium, tea, boldo, buchu, 
barberry, sage and henna being considered. The article 
is illustrated with drawings by M. Collin, but they are 
badly printed and in some cases details are blurred. 
(January 4.) 

Testen Draggiit^ November and December. 

Ammonia, Iodine and Collodion. By Frederick T. 
Gordon. — The author has experimented with a variety of 
mixtures in varying proportions of these several ingre- 
dients. Summing up the results of his investigations 
and experiments, he makes the following statement as to 
the results of mixing equal parts of tincture of iodine, 
collodion and spirit or water of ammoma : 

1. Spirit of- ammonia, tincture of iodine and collodion 
form a clear solution, at first almost colorless and finally 
reddish brown. The final mixture contains free am- 
monia, ammonium iodide, iodate and nitrate, dinitrocel- 
lulose, and a little iodoform, dissolved in a mixture of 
ether and alcohol. 

2. Water of ammonia, tincture of iodine and collodion 
form a turbid, reddish mixture, and a whitish, gelatinous 
precipitate is thrown down, which finally dissolves, a 
clear reddish brown solution resulting. The final mix- 
ture contains ammonium iodide, iodate and nitrate, free 
ammonia, traces of iodoform, and dinitrocellulose, with 
traces of a red-brown substance that gives it its color, dis- 
solved in a mixture of ether, alcohol and water. 

In both mixtures free ammonia will be present if 
spirit and water of the full official strength are used ; the 
amount, however, will be quite small. In neither of these 



is free iodine present, nor is there any nitrogen iodide. 

Variations in the proportions of the prescription will 
cause changes in the final mixture. 

If iodine is in excess, all the ammonia will combine 
with it in preference to the trinitrocellulose, and with 
water of ammonia there will be an undissolved deposit 
of unaltered pyroxylin. 

If collodion is in excess, there will be unaltered py- 
roxylin left, and if the iodine is not sufficient to saturate 
the ammonia in the mixture there will be formed soluble 
dinitrocellulose. Such a mixture with spirit of ammonia 
will still be clear, the alcohol keeping the pyroxylin in 
solution, if not in too g^eat an excess, but if water of 
ammonia is used there will be a sticky mass of pyroxylin 
left. 

The proper proportions necessary to produce a final 
clear solution call for an excess of ammonia, as in the pre- 
scription given, which should be borne in mind in making 
the combination. 

The prescription no doubt owes whatever effect it 
may have to the free ammonia and ammonium salts 
formed and the alcohol and ether. It makes a rather 
sticky liniment, leaving a sticky feeling to the stdn when 
rubbed on until dry. While it is of interest, it seems as 
if the same therapeutic results might be obtained in a 
less roundabout way. 

Sweetening Elixirs. By H. C. Bradford. — ^The au- 
thor proposes as a sweetening agent the following stock 
saccharine solution: 

Saccharin 3iv 

Sodlnm bicarbonate. C. P 3iJ 

Water, enough to make O] 

Each fluid ounce is stated to be equivalent in sweetening 
power to a pound of sugar. Aromatic elixir is the best 
base to use in this connection, saccharine alone tasting 
rather flat. 

Some Paying Adjuncts to c^ Drug Store. By Ben- 
jamin G. Jones. — ^The author recommends jewelry as a 
side line in small towns and also recommends wall paper. 
He points dut the necessity of keeping the paper moist 
to a certain extent, as when it gets very dry it tears. He 
supplies the necessary amount of moisture by keeping 
pans of water under the racks on which the paper is 
stored. The author suggests as a means of displaying 
wall paper that each roll 1^ suspended on a piece of heavy 
wire, twenty-one to fwenty-two inches long, supported 
by screw eyes fixed into the ceiling. (November.)' 

The Profitable Side of Ethical Pharmacy. By Louis 
Emanuel. — The author admonishes the pharmacist that 
he must first of all be " worthy of his hire," be compe- 
tent, keep occupied, let the public know of his skill, and 
he can then obtain a fair recompense. He advises phar- 
macists to test the purity of purchases, to avoid substitu- 
tion (because it does not pay), to make all the U. S. P. 
and the N. F. preparations possible, and to send monthly 
letters to physicians on suitable drugs and preparations. 
He elaborates these different ideas and gives specimen 
letters to be addressed to physicians. 

Photographic Supplies in the Drug Store. By 
Dwight Darling. — ^The author claims that photographic 
supplies net an average profit of about 40 per cent, all 
round. On papers, plates and films the profit is about 
25 per cent, only, but on the cameras themselves and on 
the various chemicals and solutions the profit is so large 
as to raise the general average up to about 40 per cent. 
Aside from the profits obtained directly, the author be- 
lieves that the druggist is very much the gainer by get- 
ting people to come into his store on some other occasion 
than that of sickness. He observes that when a camera 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



45 



is sold this is only the beginning of expense to the buyer 
(an observation the truth of which no amateur will 
deny), though, after all, the amateur photographer gets 
more actual enjo3mient for the money expended than 
he could in almost any other form of amusement. Final- 
ly, the class of patrons attracted by a stock of photo- 
graphic supplies is a very desirablie one. 

How to Make a Tooth Paste, By I. M. Parry. — ^The 
author gives the following formula and direction^: 

Water 4 oz. 

Gelatin 120 gr. 

Glycerin 7 oz. 

Dissolve the gelatin in the water by the aid of heat, 
add the glycerin, and label " Massing Fluid." Then pre- 
pare the following powder : 

Precipitated chalk 15^ av. oz. 

Castile soap powder. ^ av. oz. 

Oil gaultherla 1 drachm 

Solution carmine, N. F., enough, or 1 drachm 

Mix and pass through a No. 8o sieve. Place the 
powder in a large mortar, pour on four ounces of the 
massing fluid and triturate thoroughly until a uniform, 
soft mass results. This is the right proportion for a 
paste to be sold in jars, but if it is to be sent out in tubes 
an additional ounce of glycerin should be added. 

A Practical Prescription Record. By Charles A. 
Overman. — ^The author recommends that a systematic 
record be kept in a book set apart especially for this pur- 
pose of every prescription filled. This record should 
give the following information : whether the prescription 
is new or old, the date of filling, the customer, the nature 
of the prescription, the number, the name of the dis- 
penser, the price, and the total of each day's business. 
By keeping this in a book appropriately ruled very little 
time is required to make the entry, and the book will be 
found of g^eat value in tracing a prescription which a 
customer desires refilled, but the ntunber of which he has 
either lost or forgotten. (December.) 

Merck's Report, December* 

Chamois, or Shamy Skins, By G. Holt. — The au- 
thor says that it is probably impossible to buy the genu- 
ine chamois skins outside of New York City, and even 
there the number sold forms an infinitesimally small 
percentage of those which purport to be the skin of the 
animal which is found only in the Alps. The best grade 
of commercial chamois, or, as the author terms it, 
" shamy " (most lexicographers spell the Americanized 
word with two m's), is prepared from the skin of the 
doe, the cheaper grades from the flesh side of the split 
sheep skin. The grain of the skin is first removed by 
scraping with a round knife or pumice stone. The skins 
are then put into a bath of bran liquor, wrung out, dried, 
again soaked in water, and then fish oil is forced into 
the grain of the skin by beating several layers of the 
skin soaked with oil with heavy wooden hammers. This 
process is repeated several times, the skins are then 
suspended on hooks in a warm room until a slight 
fermentation takes place, which dilates the pores and 
promotes the incorporation of the oil. The skins are 
then scraped and freed from excess of oil by treatment 
with weak potash lye, washed in an infusion of oak bark 
to give them a buff color, dried, smoothed, and made 
supple by passing between iron rollers. After sorting, 
both as to quality and size, the skins are put up in pack- 
ages of thirty, each package being called a " kip." The 
skins vary from six by eight inches to twenty by thirty- 
three inches in size. There seems to be no practical dif- 
ference between the true skin of the chamois and the 



imitation, which is the commercial article, but there is 
some difference in the texture, which enables an expert 
to distinguish between the two. 

An Elementary Course in Law for Pharmacists, By 
Frederick J. Wulling. — ^This is the "first of a series of 
articles on the subject. This installment takes up the 
general philosophy of jurisprudence. 

Chemistry of the U. S. P. Preparations. By Bern- 
hard O. Leubner. — This installment of a series of articles 
by Mr. Leubner is concerned with the syrup of hy- 
droiodic acid. 

Radio-Activity. By Samuel T. Hensel. — ^The author 
reviews in a general way the subject of radio-activity, 
including mention of the radio-active substance dis- 
covered by Prof. Charles Baskerville, of North Carolina, 
which he looks upon as a new element and for which he 
proposed the name Carolinium. This subject was treated 
in our issue for January 28, 1901, page 34. 

A Practical Photographic Narrative. By Joseph F.. 
Hostelley. — ^This paper is a rambling collection 01 sug- 
gestions as to methods for handling photographic goods 
to the best advantage. Suggestions are given as to ef- 
fective window displays, etc. 

Pfumnacfiftlcal Bra» December and Jamsafy* 

A New Process for the Manufacture of Citric Acid. 
By Dr. J. Ohly. — ^After a reference to the antiquity of 
the process for the manufacture of citric acid from lemon 
juice as generally followed, and to the difficulties in de- 
coloration, which the end product of this process makes, 
the author describes his own method, which he says affords 
a much greater yield in citric acid than the old one and 
is much more readily .performed. The new method, 
which the author of the present paper claims as his own 
invention, may be summarized as follows : 50 Cc. of con- 
centrated lemon juice are diluted with 100 Cc. of water 
and allowed to stand over night. The liquid is then fil- 
tered and mixed with a concentrated solution of calcium 
chloride. One and two-third ounces of caustic soda are 
then dissolved in water and the solution gradually added 
to the mixture of juice and calcium chloride so as to 
neutralize it. The pasty mass is then heated, transferred 
to a filter and washed with hot water in order to remove 
the salt in solution. It is then placed in a large evaporat- 
ing dish, neutralized with sulphuric acid and the mix- 
ture gradually heated to the boiling point so as to effect 
complete decomposition and saturation. The calcium 
sulphate produced in this way is filtered off, and the fil- 
trate heated, when more calcitun sulphate is deposited and 
removed. The brown colored liquid thus obtained is 
mixed with animal charcoal, previously freed from phos- 
phates by treatment with hydrodiloric acid. The mixture 
of purified bone black and citric add is kept at the boiling 
point for about fifteen minutes and filter^. Tlie filtered 
liquid is concentrated to the crystallizing point by evapo- 
ration and poured into a small wooden tray, when crystals^ 
of citric acid soon separate themselves from the solution. 
(December 19.) 

Window Suggestions. By Charles L. Berry. — Qean- 
glass and neat displays reflect credit on the owner of the 
store. The window should be cleaned and changed at 
least once a week, and displays should be made of one- 
thing at a time if possible. The display should be sea- 
sonable. Dniggists in a town where the water is apt to 
become poor should watch it closely, and as soon as the 
water appears cloudy or when there is an epidemic of 
typhoid fever some mineral water should be displayed, 
with appropriate signs. Frequent displays should be* 



46 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



made of one's own make of remedies. Mechanical win- 
dows are trade bringers. People will be attracted by 
moving objects when nothing else will arrest their atten- 
tion. Hints are given for the arrangement of mechanical 
windows. (December 19.) 

A Few Donfs. By J. S. Stowell. — This is a series 
of dogmatic abjurations, which will impress many as be- 
ing too slangy and familiar in their tone to be followed. 
The following specimens will illustrate : 

Don't take the salesmaa's head off. He may have some- 
thing you can use. He can at least quote prices, and to these 
your ear should ever be open. 

Don't leave hanging to the package you have Just tied up 
sufficient string for the use of the customer; peradventure he 
-or she may wish to commit suicide by hanging. No use plac- 
4ng temptation In their way. 

Don't give the small boy a large mortar, a pestle and a 
'** hunk " of India rubber and tell him you want It pulverized. 
For goodness sake think of something new. 

Don't sell anything and everything for the greed of gold. 
iSven a druggist may have his conscience pricked. 

Don't run a pharmaceutical rum shop. If you prefer to 
tend bar, walk around the city until you run across a saloon 
and hasten to apply for a position. 

Don't get too " chummy " with Dr. Healemup. Too much 
Intimacy breeds contempt. 

Don't get confused or have the least appearance of being 
puzzled when the colored lady asks for flesh colored court 
plaster. 

Don't advertise that you have the best soda water in town, 
-and then have the nerve to take the customer's good money 
for warm slops. 

Don't recommend your Infallible Hair Tonic and One Sec- 
ond Com Cure, while your own head shines like a billiard 
ball and your clerks limp about the store with corns. Be 
consistent. 

Don't argue over religion or politics with your customer. 
No use offending your patrons. Be like the Apostle Paul- 
all things to all men. (December 10.) 

The Sad Story of the Good Druggist and the Bad 
Business, By A. B. Burrows. — ^This story gives the 
career of " a good little boy " who learned the drug busi- 
ness, and entering a pharmaceutical college, graduated 
as a Doctor of Pharmacy, and in course of time set up 
in business for Tiimself, only to find that all his training 
served him in no good stead, since the doctors would per- 
sist in prescribing proprietary preparations. He had to 
sell out, and he closed his career by getting an appoint- 
ment as assistant professor in pharmacy, though imme- 
diately prior to this he had stumped the country lecturing 
on " kow to Make a Drug Store Pay," furnishing the 
drug journals meanwhile with articles on " Why I Was 
Successful in Pharmacy." (December 26.) 

Candy Colors. By C. G. Buchanan. — ^This is a side 
line, which the writer of the essay believes will bear going 
after at this time of the year. He names the colors and 
refers the readers for formulas to " any good formulary 
or by running through the back numbers of one of the 
journals/' Flavoring extracts and fruit essences are 
recommended as side lines, and general directions for the 
advertising and selling of these eoods are given. He also 
recommends the preparation of a domestic receipt book 
bv getting favorite receipts from lady friends. " The 
old ladies in the country," he declares, " make better pies, 
^nger bread, corn pone, cookies, dumplings and pickles 
than nine-tenths of the city people ever ate . . . and 
their receipts would be cherished and used by all for- 
tunate enough to get them. These receipts can be had 
for the asking, and can be gathered during one's vacation, 
and when added to those for making candy, cakes, etc., 
will make an acceptable little pamphlet, which will be a 
standing advertisement, selling not only colors, flavors, 
spices, etc., but drugs of all knds." (December 26.) 

Hurry Up, There! By Frank B. Styles. — ^The 
exclamatory heading is used by the writer to point the 



opportunities for improving business that are occasi<Miallx 
offered. When a new family comes to town, " Hurry 
up " and send a greeting to the head of the house and 
invite the patronage of that family. The same term is 
applied to new lines of goods, and a little pamphlet de- 
scribing the new arrivals in the store could be hurried 
out to customers with ^advantage. During odd minutes 
packages and bottles of ready salables can be prepared 
and set in convenient places. A list of the liquids that 
are offen asked for and which the essayist keeps put up 
in one or two ounce bottles is given. (December 26.) 

A Timely Warning. By Dr. H. Ohly. — ^The vagaries 
of examining boards of pharmacy in the character of 
questions put to candidates for licenses are touched upon 
in this article. As a protection against abuse or whim- 
sical and illegal procedure, the formation of a " National 
Pharmacists' Protective Association " is suggested, but 
the writer is not very specific as to his grievances. 
(January 2.) 

What Should Be the Attitude of the Druggist Toward 
the Symbol Prescription He Cannot Read. By Joseph 
F. Hostelley. — ^The practice followed by some physicians 
of entering into private arrangements with a certain 
druggist whereby formulas or remedies frequently pre- 
scribed are indicated by a symbol previously agreed upon, 
and the proper attitude to be taken by other druggists 
when a symbol prescription of this kind is sent to them 
are considered in this article. The writer calls it " a phase 
of the percentage injustice," and suggests the following 
method of treatment : The druggist who is ignorant of the 
code should call the doctor up by 'phone, tell him that 
one of his prescriptions has been handed in for some- 
thing, the reading of which is puzzling, and that a sug- 
gestion would be appreciated which would elucidate the 
enigma. Should the unknown quantity read something 
like this : " Pil No. 702," the druggist might as a subter- 
fuge to gain information request the name of the manu- 
facturer of pill No. 702. Now should the doctor, in order 
to preserve the secrecy so essential to the success of the 
percentage scheme, discourage further inquiry by simply 
saying, in a selection of words suited to his mood, that 
the pills could be had of Mr. Space, then let the drug- 
gist approach the man for the exact number of pills pre- 
scribed, and, if accommodated, dispense the same prompt- 
ly. Never care what the cost may be, or how small the 
margin of profit. The point is not to play into the hands 
of the percentage competitor by letting the prescription 
leave the store, to be filled where a prestige for knowl- 
edge and competence will be gained that may be an un- 
favorable commentary upon the ability of the first drug- 
gist. Should the physician appealed to politely decline 
or peremptorily refuse to acquiesce in the druggist's de- 
sire for information, let the druggist tell the patient in a 
plain, candid statement that for monetary or other mo- 
tives the doctor has written a prescription in symbols or 
characters which can be read intelligently by only one 
druggist, and that the doctor has just refused to interpret 
these characters, thus preventing the patient from having 
the prescription filled at the pharmacy where he had 
chosen to take it. (January 2.) 

Rheumatin is the trade name given to a salicylic ester 
of quinine salicvlate and has the formula CeH4.OH.COO. 
C20 HjjNjO.CeH^.OH.COOH. It forms white needles 
difficultly soluble in water, melting at 179 degrees C. and 
completely tasteless. It contains about 50 per cent, of 
salicylic acid, but its results in the treatment of rheuma- 
tism are much more positive than could be expected from 
a mixture of equivalent proportions of quinine and sali- 
cylic acid. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



47 



Qxieries and Answers 

We shall be glad, in this department, to respond to calls for information on all pharmaceutic matters. 



m 



That Quinine Mixture.— The reproduction 
the American Druggist for January 13, page 12, under 
the heading, " An Unusual Dose," of a complicated quin- 
ine mixture, in which unusually large doses were pre- 
scribed, has brought out the following communication 
from F. O. MuUaly, Attleboro, Mass.: "To relieve the 
mind of E. F. C. in regard to the quinine mixture com- 
mented upon in the January 13 number would say that 
the prescription was written by a veterinary surgeon 
and intended for a horse." 

Haarlem Oil.— G. D. C. writes: "Kindly send us 
at your earliest convenience a correct formula for Haar- 
lem Oil, as used in the imported article." 

This is rather a large order, for it is not definitely 
known what Haarlem Oil consists of. Analysis of the 
oil reveals little that could be turned to account, while 
writers are very much divided as to what enters into its 
composition. The published formulas vary ^eatly. On 
the authority of the editor of " Pharmaceutical Formu- 
las " the following are said to closely resemble the origi- 
nal article: 

I. 

Balsam of sulphur -5* 

on of turpentine o'V 

Mix. 

II. 

Balsam of sulphur -Sj 

Oil of turpentine ., 5U 

Huile de Cade 5iv 

All by weight. Mix. 

Show Globe Colors.— C. has had trouble with his 
show globe colors, which have changed color in some 
instances and in others have faded. He asks for a set 
of formulas for the standard colors used in the windows 
of first-class pharmacies. 

Solutions of chemicals should be used wherever pos- 
sible. The aniline dyes, which have come into use of late 
years, fade under the influence of light and are generally 
unsatisfactory, causing deposits, etc. Orange, blue, 
emerald and ruby are preferred tints for the liquids con- 
tained in show globes, and we give below approved for- 
mulas for these. 

ORANGE. 

Potamium bichromate 'h- 1 

Nitric acid • • • • -sy/y 

W^ater C<>°8- "*■ 

BLUE. 

Copper sulphate 8iv 

Aqua ammonia • ^'^^ 

Water ^o^e- "™ 

Dissolve the copper sulphate in 40 parts of water and 
add water of ammonia with constant stirring until the 
precipitate is redissolved, then add. the rest of the water. 

EMERALD. 

Nickel sulphate. S'^ 

Sulphuric acid • oVi 

^a^^r Cong, iiss 

RUBY. 

Potassium bichromate p- J 

Sulphuric acid • • • -Sxvi 

Water ^^°^* **^^ 

Very pretty shades bf purple can be made by combin- 



ing sodium salicylate with tincture of ferric chloride in 
water. One of these is termed 

AMETHYSTINE. 

Sodium salicylate gr. xvi 

Tincture of ferric chloride M. xxx 

Water Cong, iiss 

Dissolve the salicylate in the water and add the tinc- 
ture. A true purple may be produced by the following 
combination : 

PURPLE. 

Potassium permanganate gr. xl 

Sulphuric acid 3i 

Water Cong, iiss 

While we are about it we might as well give a for- 
mula for a rose-colored solution. This is made as fol- 
lows : 

ROSE. 

Cudbear Jij 

Water Jx 

Macerate for a day or two, filter, and add to the 
water till the required shade is produced. Then add to 
each gallon half an ounce of stronger water of ammonia. 

Soap Powders. — E. R. C. writes : " I desire a for- 
mula for a soap powder or a dry granular washing 
preparation, suitable for household use in washing col- 
ored fabrics and woolens, to be produced at an approxi- 
mate cost of five cents per pound. It is especially de- 
sired that the ingredients shall be harmless to aniline 
and other colors, and contain little, if any, washing soda 
or potash." 

This question presents some difficulties. A soap pow- 
der in order to possess detergent qualities to amount to 
anything must contain an appreciable amount of either 
sodium carbonate or potassium carbonate. Most of 
the washing powders of the market consist of varying 
proportions of powdered soap and the substances named, 
though some special brands contain borax. The variety 
of soap in most esteem by those who have occasion to 
wash delicate colored fabrics is the Ivory soap, which 
we imagine must have an animal fat as a basis. 

The whitest soap powder is obtained by using a soap 
having cocoanut oil as a basis, and a mixture of equal 
parts of tallow and cocoanut oil yields excellent results. 
The latter mixture is saponified by 90 per cent, soda 
alkali or by crystal sodium carbonate. The following 
particulars of the manufacture of soap powder are taken 
from " Pharmaceutical Formulas," an English au- 
thoritv : 

The soap (in thin slices) is put Into a steam-Jacketed pan 
containing at least its own weight of water. When nearly all 
melted put in a small quantity of soda, which helps to make 
the last of the soap melt more readily. Then introduce the 
remainder of the soda, and keep the whole well stirred until 
completely dissolved. The mixture is next transferred to a 
shallow table, about six inches deep, made of galvanized Iroo 
nailed to a wood frame and. set in a place where there is a 
draft. While the mixture Is run on to the table keep crutchtng' 
It to prevent separation, and continue crutchlng from time to 
time until the mixture has become quile thick. It may be left 
8 day or two, when it wiU be hard and ready to be broken up. 
By continuing the crutchlng for a considerable time, the ex- 
tract gradually falls Into a powder. 

The above is, of course, unsuitable for manufacturers 
in a small way, and we quote it merely to throw light 



48 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



upon the general principles observed in the manufacture 
of soap powders. 

The simplest form of a soap powder consists of a 
mixttu-e of borax, sodium hyposulphite and sodium car- 
bonate. The last named is used in the effloresced state — 
that is, after having been allowed to lose its water of 
crystallization by exposure to the air. The proportions 
are as follows: 

- Effloresced soda 90 parts. 

Sodium hyposulphite 10 parts. 

Boras 2 parts. 

It is evident, however, that a mixture such as the 
above would be injurious to delicate fabrics. Perhaps 
the best mode of procedure to obtain a soap powder of the 
kind required is to select good curd soap, any required 
quantity ; cut it into thin shavings and set it aside to dry, 
in any convenient place, though the process can be has- 
tened by the use of a dryer. As soon as the shavings 
are brittle enough to be powdered this should be done 
and the powder then mixed with half its weight of pow- 
dered sal soda. Borax may be added, if desired, in the 
proportion of i part of borax to 50 parts of the mixture. 

We could quote a dozen formulas for soap powders, 
but nearly every one would have the objection of being 
too strongly alkaline for our correspondent's require- 
ments. A little experimentation is recommended along 
the lines suggested. 

Eucatnphol. — S. E. P. — ^We have received a niun- 
ber of replies to our request for information regarding 
the preparation sold under the name of " Eucamphol. ' 
From these we take the following : " Eucamphol is an 
alkaline antiseptic and germicide solution, manufactured 
by R. L. Pentz, Phm.B., of the Anderson Drug Com- 
pany, FarmviUe, Va. (Signed) R. L. Pentz." 

Dealer in Second-Hand Drug Fixtures.— N. E. 

asks for the address of a dealer in second-hand drug 
fixtures, shop bottles, etc. 

We know of no second-hand dealer who makes a 
specialty of druggists' fixtures. Bargains in furniture 
of this description are most usually picked up in auction 
rooms, but desirable specimens are often to be found in 
the warerooms of second-hand furniture dealers. 

Acid Scetodephicum ? — L. — ^This is a common 
synonym of tannin, or tannic acid, but it is usually spelled 
'' scytodephicum." 

CORRESPONDENCE. 



DR. RICE'S GRAVE. 



A Suggestion for a General Subscription, by Prof. 

John Ufi Lloyd. 
To THE EnrroB: 

Sir,— I note in the American Druggist for January 13 an 
editorial entitled " Dr. Bice's Grave," and as I dictated a letter 
a few dajs ago to Professor Kraemer, of Philadelphia, that 
touched upon this subject, I shall presume to add just one word 
more to the line of your editorial. 

It strikes me that the proper thing to do will be to set over 
Dr. Rice's resting place a modest rough stone mark, and I am 
of the opinion, furthermore, that this should be a spontaneous 
contribution from his friends at large In pharmacy and medi- 
cine. In which both the rank and file could participate without 
any distinction. 

I will touch upon a bit of unwritten history connected with 
the monument recently erected to the memory of the old Ec- 
lectic philanthropist and scholar. Prof. John King, M.D. The 
question arose as to what would be the proper way to erect 
a suitable mark for his resting place. Some favored the taking 
of contributions for this purpose, and others a private arrange- 
ment by which a few personal friends would contribute the 

amount. 

It struck me that Dr. King's work had been in behalf of 
\humanity at large, and that while his affiliations had been with 



the Eclectic school of medicine, the time would come when be 
would be claimed by the world of progress as one of the world's 
workers in behalf of humanity, and I felt that under tbese 
circumstances It was Just and proper to let his monument be 
a spontaneous testimonial from his frl^ds,. regardless of af- 
filiations. Of course I anticipated that the largest part would 
be borne, and gladly borne, by his professional compatriots of 
the Bclectlc school of medicine. I therefore suggested a plan 
that would enable his friends to do this without any eflTort, and 
by which no one party could contribute a conspicuous amount. 
Therefore I wrote the little tribute to womankind, " The Right 
Side of the Car," and donated the profits from the booklet to 
the monument, placing the publication in the hands of a com- 
mittee appointed for iSiBt purpose, thus aUowing no one person 
to do more than contribute 12.00 to the fund. As a result of the 
announcement that was made mainly through the Bdectic 
Journals, more than enough money was subscribed to erect 
the stone desired, which in every way was what we felt should 
have been erected over such a man as Professor King; and, in 
my opinion, if a monument Is to be erected to Dr. Bice, such 
a plan as this should be adopted. To this I will add that offers 
were made wherein the entire amount of money necessary 
would have been contributed by a few persons. Dr. V. O. Price, 
of Chicago, a graduate of our school of medicine and a close 
and dear friend of Dr. King, being one who wished to accom- 
plish that end (and who would have taken the entire financial 
responsibility), but who acquiesced in the suggestion that it 
would be better to let the matter be spontaneous and one of 
love. 

I would, therefore, respectfully suggest that if a movement 
is made In the pharmaceutical profession by Dr. Rice's friends 
to erect a headstone as a contribution from his friends, it 
might be accomplished In such a way as to permit the many 
to take a part in that worthy object by making the contribu- 
tions uniform and very small and erecting a modest rough 
stone, in keeping with Dr. Rice's character and work. 

Sincerely yours, 

John Ubz Llotd. 
Cincinnati, O., January 15, 1902. 



The lOinofs Board Appointment* 

To the Editor: 

Sir,— Please allow me space to correct a wrong impression 
regarding myself as an applicant for reappointment on the 
Board of Pharmacy, as given In your regular correspondence 
from Illinois. AicEBicAN Dkuggist for January 13, page 28. 

Your correspondent was misinformed, and my naine was 
never presented to the (Governor. More than two years ago I 
asked Mr. Metzger to get himself in line to succeed me on the 
Board of Pharmacy, because he was my friend, good material 
and lived in this end of the State. 

In the mean time I did all I could to advance his interest, 
and when his name was presented to the €k>vemor I did what 
I could to secure his appointment I have the correspondence 
between the Governor and myself, showing my fidelity to Mr. 
Metzger. Just a week before the appointment was made I 
called on the Governor and insisted on the appointment of 
Mr. Metzger, and was assured that the Governor would ap- 
point one of the number that was recommended by the Illinois 
Pharmaceutical Association, and possibly Mr. Metzger. I did 
not set the political machine of Southern Illinois to work In my 
behalf. True, most of the working Republican politicians In 
Egypt are warm friends of mine, and to the few Inquiries as 
to whether I was an applicant for reappointment, I told them 
I was not, that I had Indorsed Metzger and caused several to 
do the same. I learn a couple of my friends asked for my 
reappointment, but It was without my knowledge. I served 
five years, am proud of the advancement and tlie general 
work of the board during that period. It was quite a sacrifice 
of my business, but I am very much pleased, and especially 
with Mr. Metzger's appointment 

I was never an applicant for reappointment and am a strong 
advocate of the plan of the Illinois Pharmaceutical Associa- 
tion for selecting its members of the Board of Pharmacy. 

Very truly, 

W. C. Simpson. 
Vienna, 111., January 16. 



Saves on Market Reports* 

Inclosed find check in pasrment of our subscription in ad- 
vance for the Amebican Dbugoist. We have saved more than 
this amount by the quotations In your market reports. We 
trust that you will keep your market reports fully up to the 
standard In the future as you have In the past. 

The Antidolar Mfo. CoicPAirr. 

Springville, N. Y., November 14, IWl. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



49 



BUSINESS BUILDING. 

Coodtfcted by U. G. Maimliig* 

TUke Deparimeni Editor ttnll de pleased to criticise advertisements^ 
suggest improvements t and anstver all questions coming 
within the scope of this department. 



THE MATTER OF DISPLAY* 

A. M. Stead of Cordele, Ga., sends a copy of his local 
paper, which contains two ads for the two stores in which 
he is interested. Both of these ads are fairly well writ- 
ten and are quite prominent in the paper because they 
have exceptionally good positions, being on local pages 
surrounded by pure news matter. Display is therefore 
not of great importance in this instance, but one of the 
ads will afford a basis for a little comment on display. 
This ad as it originally appeared had the heading set 
in caps of the same size used in the body of the ad. The 
heading of an ad is the attention arresting part of it. To 
do its part it must be in sharp contrast with its surround- 
ings. This ordinarily means that it must be set in type 
a gjeat deal larger than that used for the body of the 
ad. Now the manner in which an ad is set is not the most 
important thing, nor is it equally important in all cases. 
But as an ad must be seen to be read, and as its con- 
spicuousness depends very largely upon its setting, this 
matter of display must always be considered. Those 
who wish to make their ads stand out have one thing to 
icnow and one thing to do. The thing to know is that 
conspicuousness is always secured by contrast. An ad 
must be essentially different from its surroundings in 
order to stick out. The greater the difference the more 
the surroundings will push the ad at you. If the sur- 
rounding ads or matter are rather solidly set, open up 
your ad, using some white space in it. If you are sur- 
rounded by loosely set ads, go in for solid effects, etc. 
The thing for any advertiser to do who has trouble in 
making his ads conspicuous is to keep his eye*<:nit for 
examples of what he wants. Notice the ads in the papers 
and magazines received. If an ad hits you strongly, de- 
termine whether the same form of setting would not be 
suitable for your ads. Cut out ads and place them over 
you space in the paper, observing the effect. 

Good setting is, as a rule, simple setting; so simple 
that to-day in nine-tenths of the American newspapers 
very effective display can be had by merely making the 
heading bold enough. Small ads must usually be cut 
out from their surroundings by some sort of a border, a 
hght rule answering the purpose in many instances. 

To come back to Mr. Stead's ad, you will notice that 
the heading affords slight contrast with the body of the 
ad, while this body material is set leaded — ^that is, with an 
'Cxtra amount of white space between each line. In the 
average paper all possible space in this ad should be de- 
voted to the heading. In order to do this it would be as 
well to set the body matter in type one size smaller. The 
original heading of this ad is not good because it bears 
no relation to the subject of the ad, you realize at once 
that the writer was somewhat puzzled about what head- 



ing to use. In resetting the ad, in order to show con- 
trast, a somewhat more fitting heading has been chosen. 
The body type of any short ad can safely be as small as 
that used in revision. This is the type in which people 
do most of their reading. Where the ads are larg'e, a 
slightly larger body type is advisable. The matter of 
securing proper contrast will be an interesting study for 
many druggists who are writing their own ads, and a 
little practice in this direction will yield some very satis- 
factory results. A couple of little examples may help. 
The following would stick out on almost any page on 
account of the white margin, even though small type 
were used : 



STOP COLDS. 



Where white cannot be employed, a gray effect pro- 
duced with rules like example shown is apt to be good, 
because there is not apt to be anything else like it in the 
paper. 



STOP COLDS. 



You avert danger and discomfort 
by stopping colds in the start. 
Our Laxative Cold Cure, taken 
promptly, removes every sign of 
a cold in 24 hours — or your 



money back. 



2^ cents. 



BROADWAY PHARMACY. 



CRinaSM AND COMMENT* 

JUGGED GIFTS. 

Stoddard Bros., Buffalo, ran large reading notices 
headed in bold display, " Holiday Gifts at Half Price," 
the gifts being small jugs of various kinds of wet goods. 
The regular prices of the jugs being $i.oo, two jugs 
were offered at that price for Christmas trade. 



so 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD 




hay's shopping bag. 

H. H. Hay's Sons, Portland, Me., got out a holiday 
shopping list printed on a heavy red card. This card 
was indosed in an ordmary paper bag, flat, which was 
sealed with a red seal and mailed to customers. Above 
the address was printed : " Hay's Christmas Shopping 
Bag. Examine the Contents.*' This is an expensive 
little plan that no doubt secured attention for the contents 
of the bag, and which might be employed on other occa- 
sions. 

MIXED MERIT. 

Ed. J. Rodgers, Port Huron, Mich., sends papers 
containing a series of holiday ads. These ads started 
on November 23, the ad of this date being a preliminary 
announcement of the opening. This was an effective 
move and probably put an idea into the heads of people 
that remained there. The space employed was fine, right 
in the center of the page surrounded by news ; well worth 
the extra price it probably cost. 

The ads were not as good as they might have been ; 
simply a sentence or two displayed in the old-fashioned 
way, every other line display, and to the effect thatjl 

TO THE 
TRADE 

Have you a prescription to fi 
^ If so, why shouM you not chcos^ 
your Druggist as well as to choose 
your Physician ? Your recovery 
depends as much on the proper 
compounding of your preset ip ions 
as on the proper diagnosis and 
treatment of your case by your 
Physician. If your Druggist is 
wrong, it is little worth to you to 
have your Physician right. 

We need your trade. We guar- 
antee you purity, accuracy and 
skill. 

* V * * ^e « 

All cash purchases at this store 
will be credited on your ttiide card 
at the Cash Drug Store. See their 

ad this week. 

STEAD & WHIPPLE, 
229tf Peoples' Bank Stand, 

CordeJe, Ga. 

The Original, 

up-to-date holiday stock has come. The bright and 
sparkling line of Christmas gifts is ready for inspection. 
We invite your patronage, etc." 

Such an ad is a sign. A more effective kind is the 
sort that goes more into details. 

None of these ads gives any clue as to what the goods 
are, or any of the sort of information that holiday buyers 
crave. Ther^ was room for details. One strong display 



line always catches the eye better than half a dozen. 

Stand a peck of pins on their heads close together 
and you could sit down on the points — it's different with 
one pin. 



Let us 
fill it. 



Have yon a prescription to fill ? 
If 80, why ihould yon not choose 
year Druggist as well as to chooBe 
your PbysiGian? Tour recovery 
depends as much on the proper 
compounding of your preeciiptioDs 
as on tte pTo^er diagnosis and 
treatment of your case by your 
PhyBidan. If yonr Druggist Is 
wrong, it is little worth to yon to 
have your Physician right. 

We need yocr trade. We guar- 
antee you purity, accuracy and 
skUl. 

All cash purchases at this stoie 
will be credited on your trade caid 
at the Gash Drug Store. See their 
ad this week. 



STEAD & WHIPPLE, 

Peoples* Bank Stand, Ck>rdele, Qa. 



The Reviaiott. 



CHANGE OFTENER. 



Editor BusinesB Building: 

Inclosed find ads clipped from our weekly paper. These 
ads are changed every month and have produced good results. 
What criticism, if any, would you make upon the general ap- 
pearance of the ads? 

SCHULTZB Sc SBTDLEB. 

The general appearance of these ads is good. I have 
no doubt that they stand out, well in the paper. Appear- 
ance, however, is not the most important thing in adver- 
tising. It is what you say and the persistency with which 
you say it that does the business. Persistency does not 
mean, though, that an ad should be persistently used for 
four weeks. That is the sort of persistency that is rob- 
bing thousands of merchants of results. No one does 
good advertising who runs an ad four weeks. There is 
precisely as much reason for changing retail ads in every 
issue as for changing the editorials. These ads are done 
into panels, three panels in an ad, and a different item 
in each panel. It would be far better to present a single 
one of these subjects each week ; or, if it is desirable to- 
mention several items in an ad and to mention them sev- 
eral weeks in succession, change the copy each week and 
say something new each time. That would educate peo- 
ple into the habit of reading the ads ; the present system 
will educate them out of the habit. The matter in these 
ads is good, but it will get pretty stale in a month. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARM ACEUl ICAL RECORD. 



S> 



THE PHILADELPHIA COLLEGE. 



Fourth PhafOEUcetftical Meeting— Origin and History of Digestive 
Ferments— Filtration of Drinking TJTater - Solubility of Com- 
piessed Tablets -Variattons in TJTeight of SeidtiU Powders. 



(From our Regular Correspondent.) 

Philadelphia, January 22.>-The fourth of the series of phar- 
maceutical meetings of the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy 
tor 1901-1902 was held on Tuesday, January 21. AVilliam L. 
Cliffe, well known for his actlTlly in pharmaceutical matters, 
presided. 

ORIOm AND HISTOBT OF DIGESTIVE FilKMENTS. 

The Unit speaker was Benjamin T. Falrchild, New York 
City, a member of the firm of Falrchild Brothers & Foster, 
who gave a very comprehensive paper on " The origin and his- 
tory of digestive ferments and the evolution of their uses In 
medicine." The author treated of the genesis of the subject 
in its relationship to pharmacy and medicine, and briefly re- 
ferred to the brilliant researches of Spallanzani, Schwann, 
Kahne, Bttckner and others. Mr. Falrchild considered the 
different theories In regard to fermentation, the production of. 
digestive ferments in the animal cell, their action upon the 
various kinds of tissues with which they may be brought in 
contact and the different conditions and substances which 
influenced and destroyed their action. This was. then fol- 
lowed by the utilization and isolation of these physiological 
principles and especially the advances made in bringing them 
into available form in medicine. 

The use of pepsin in pharmacy and medicine was referred 
#0 in detail by the speaker, who said that the first pepsin to be 
prepared in a commercial way was of French origin. The 
introduction of pepsin into the different pharmacopceias was 
discussed, their strengths noted and also the manner of test- 
ing. The different methods of extracting and preparing pepsin 
for the market were considered, and the author in this con- 
nection presented the different theories In regard to the origin 
of pepsin; the peculiar conditions necessary for the action of 
digestive ferments, and the care that should be exercised In 
combining them with substances that will have only an in- 
hibitory effect or destroy its action entirely. The pancreatic 
ferments were also considered, and It was stated that while 
the pancreatic Juice is alkaline in character, that nevertheless 
the fresh glands are slightly acid. 

Joseph W. England moved that a special vote of thanks 
be tendered Mr. Falrchild for his valuable paper. 

FILTRATION OF DRIMKIKG WATER. 

William G. Toplis, a well-known expert In the examination 
of drinking water, read an interesting paper on the subject of 
Filtration in Drinking Water. He said that nature had seem- 
ingly pointed the way to the purification of water, and that 
art seeks to copy the changes so long carried out in springs, 
but with scientific exactness. Instead of the haphazard chance 
as in springs. He said filter, therefore, means the most exact- 
ing, painstaking care to establish the proper conditions, to- 
gether with the wise application of much chemical, bacter- 
iological and engineering knowledge. The container is com- 
monly built of concrete, the bottom part being carefully 
graded, and the underdralns are built of broken stone or large 
gravel, measuring 2 or 3 inches on 3 diameters. It is spread 
in a layer, 6 to 8 Inches deep; on top of this is spread several 
Inches of smaller gravel, then finer, until a bed of 12 to 16 
inches in thickness is produced. Upon this is placed 4 feet 
of fine sand, exercising care to pack It evenly and avoiding 
holes and ways. The filtration during the first two weeks 
shows an Increase in the bacteria, rather than a decrease, 
owing to what Is known as the ripening of the filter. When 
filtration is once under headway it Is found that the particles 
of sand are surrounded by the zoogloea colonies of bacteria, 
and they relieve the water of its organic matter, changing 
them Into CO,, H;|0, nitric acid and its compounds. Of course 
to accomplish this the proper conditions must be maintained, 
and. perhaps, the most Important factor, aside from the bac- 
teria in the operation of the filter, is oxygen, three different 
classes of organisms being concerned In the transition of or- 
ganic Hint tor to the inorganic state. 

SOLUBILITY OF COMPRESSED TABLETS. 

A. M. llance had a paper on Solubility of Compressed Tab- 
lets, in which he pointed out that solubility was an Important 
factor, except in certain tablets, as In throat tablets, where 
the solubility Is lutentlonally of slow degree. 



8B1DLITZ POWDERS. 

Roland H. French has examined the Seidlltz Powders of 
the markets and finds tliat the tartaric acid is almost iml- 
iormly of good quality, but that the seidlits mixture shows 
quite a little carelessness in weighing or measuring. In the 
examination of the various commercial powders, the author 
concludes that for commercial purposes a seidlits powder 
analysis consists in making a COa determination, calculating 
the sodium bicarbonate therefrom and (providing the quali- 
tative test shows no contaminating impurities) determining 
the Rochelle salt by difference. 

PROGRESS IN PHARMACY. 

M. I. Wllbert, apothecary to the German Hospital, Phila- 
delphia, made a review of some of the advances made during 
the past year. One of the interesting facts noted was that 
the requirements of the German Pharmacopoeia are of such 
a nature that many German apothecaries have found it ad- 
visable to attend at the universities short post-graduate 
courses In practical work with the microscope and chemical 
burette. The author, in his usual thorough way, compared 
the advances in the newer pharmacopoeias and text-books and 
briefly referred to the advances In medicaments of all kinds. 

Merck &, Co. had an exhibit of gaduol (the alcoholic extract 
of cod liver oil) and the various preparations which can be 
made from it. Gilpin, Langdon & Co. exhibited a line of 
spices and distributed small samples. A. H. Wlrz showed a 
number of different kinds of pill machines, bottle stoppers and 
collapsible tubes. 

Before adjourning the secretary announced the following 
provisional programme for the next meeting, on February 18: 

The Basis of Atomic Weights. By Prof. Bdgar F. Smith, 
University of Pennsylvania. 

Adulteration of Foods and Drugs. By Dr. Albert Robiii, 
Bacteriologist and Pathologist of the Delaware State Board of 
Health. 

Deodorized Opium Preparations. By Albert B. Ebert, Chi- 
cago. 

Dose Measures and Measure Doses. By M. I. Wllbert . 

Discussion on Modem Drug Store Methods. 



TO PROMOTE PHARMACISTS IN THE U. S. 
MARINE HOSPITAL SERVICE. 



An Amendment Pfopoied to the BfU Now Before Gmgr^ 



A bill was introduced in Congress some weeks since, known 
as House Bill 7180, to increase the efficiency and change the 
name of the United States Marine Hospital Service to the 
Public Health Service. This measure, which is understood to 
have the approval of the supervising surgeon-general of the 
service, rearranges the grades of the surgeons, but leaves the 
hospital stewards unchanged. To remedy this the foUowhig 
amendment has been proposed: 

An amendment to H. R. Bill 7189 (S. Bill 2162). Amend by 
striking out the words *' Hospital Stewards " on page 2, line 1. 
Add as a new section the following: 

"That the President shall appoint and commission the 
Senior Hospital Stewards of the Marine Hospital Service, now 
serving as such, * Pharmacists, United States Health Serrice,' 
with the relative rank of and after Second Lieutenants of the 
Army and Bnslgns of the Navy, with an annual compensation 
of $1,200, 10 per cent Increase for each five years' service and 
present perquisites. 

" That new appointments to the grade of ' Pharmacist * 
shall be made from the list of hospital stewards after three 
years of satisfactory service as such, and after due examina- 
tion in the various branches of their profession by a board 
composed of medical officers and pharmacists, equally di- 
vided." 

Druggists should write at once to the members of the fol- 
lowing committees, urging them to approve of the amendment 
quoted above: Senate Committee of Public Health and Na- 
tional Quarantine.— George C. Vest, John P. Jones, Samuel D. 
McBnery, Stephen B. Mallory, Charles S. Culberson, Jacob E. 
Gallinger, John C. Spooner, Wm. C. Deboe, Chauncey M. 
Depew. 

House of Representatives, Committee of Interstate and 
Foreign Commerce.—Wm. C. Adamson, Frank L. Coombs, 
.Tohn D. Corliss, Robert C. Davey, Robert W. Davis, Loren 
Fletcher, Wm. P. Hepburn, Charles F. Joy, Wm. C. Loverlng, 
James B. Mann, Wm. Richanlson. Wm. B. Ryan, Dorsey W. 
Shackleford, James E. Sherman, James P. Stewart, Samuel 
Tompkins, Irving P. Wanger. 



s* 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



OUT OF THE N. A. R. D. 



Manhattan Piurmaceatkal Afsodation Fofmally WiAdnwn from 
the National Anodatloa — ▼m« C« Alpen the Advocate of Se- 
cenion — Vote Unanimoos — The N* A* R. D* Has Now No 
ReprcKnUtive in the OU City of New York— The Anoda- 
tion Votes to Ftirther Amend the Pharmacy Law—Every 
Licemed Pliarmadst in Baatem Sectioa to Have the Right to 
Vote for Members of the Board- Bills Affecting Pharmacy 
Now Before the Legislature — ^Proceedings of the Monthly Meeting, 



A feature of the usual montlily meeting of the Manhattan 
Pharmaceutical Association, held at 116 West Sixty-eighth 
street, on Monday, January 20, was the withdrawal, upon the 
motion of William 0. Alpers, ex-president of the New Jersey 
pharmaceutical Association, of the association from member- 
ship in the National Association of Retail Druggists. The 
action of the Manhattan Association was as surprising as it 
was unexpected. It followed the reading of a communication 
from the national secretary, calling attention to the fact that 
the dues 6t the Manhattan Association for the fiscal year 
were owing and now payable. On the question as to what 
action should be taken with the communication, Mr. Alpers 
rose promptly and, addessing the chair, said: "I move we 
withdraw from membership in the National Association of 
Retail Druggists." There were some thirty-five members pres- 
ent and they rose almost as one man to second the motion of 
Mr. Alpers. The motion was put and carried unanimously, 
with, at the same time, a degree of enthusiasm which could 
hardly be accounted for, in view of the esteem in which the 
N. A. R. D. is held in other parts of the country. As one mem- 
ber remarked, *' New York is truly sul generis." 

The meeting was called to order by President J. Maxwell 
Prlngle, jr.. at 9.10 p.m. After Secretary S. V. B. Swann had 
read the minutes of the preceding meeting and these had been 
adopted, Treasurer George H. Hitchcock presented his monthly 
report, as follows: Balance on hand at last meeting, I146JK2; 
received in dues, |26.26; disbursements, nil; balance, $172.77. 
The report of the Legislative Committee was then called for 
anl submitted by Mr. Hitchcock, chairman. Carrying out the 
instructions of the association, the committee had called a con- 
ference of the Legislative committees of the various pharma- 
ceutical associations In Greater New York, for the purpose of 
discussing the Anti-Soda Water Law, which Interferes with 
the manufacture of soda water by the use of liquid carbonic 
acid gas. Representatives of the dlfTerent carbonic add gas 
manufacturers were invited to the conference, but only one 
responded— Mr. Bauer, of the Liquid Carbonic Add Gas Mfg. 
Comimny. It was agreed at this conference, which was par- 
ticipated in by representatives of the Kings County Phar^ 
maceutlcal, German Apothecaries' Society, and New York Re- 
tail Druggists' Association, that the simplest and surest course 
tor drug^sts to pursue was to Introduce a bill at Albany re- 
pealing that section of the law which prohibits the charging of 
soda fountains with liquid carbonic acid gas on the premises, 
if any portion of the building is occupied as living rooms. A 
bill has accordingly been Introduced by Senator Audett, which, 
amends the penal code by striking out the provision in ques- 
tion. 

BILLS AFFECrma PHARMACY. 

The committee announced that the Hill Bill to amend the 
Pharmacy Law, chan^^ng the mode of election of members of 
the Bastem Branch of the Board of Pharmacy, has been duly 
introduced into the Legislature, and attention was called to 
certain changes in the wording of the bill which had not re- 
ceived the sanction of the various associations Interested. The 
new wording referred to provided that any member of the 
New York State Pharmaceutical Assodation could take part 
in the election, whether or not he was a member of the local 
associations. The committee asked for Instructions on this 
point, which occasioned a spirited debate later on. Various 
other bills affecting pharmacy, which had been Introduced 
Into the Legislature since the last meeting of the association, 
were then enumerated, as follows: By Senator Wagnei^Pro- 
hlblting extra telephone charges for messages between the 
boroughs in the city of New York (Jan. 7). By Senator 
Brackett— Legalizing the practice of osteopathy (Jan. 7). By 
Assemblvman Nye— Exempting physicians from the operation 
of the pharmacy law (Jan. 9). By Senator Slater— Prohibiting 
the adulteration of drugs (Jan. 14). By Assemblyman Prince 
—Permitting the Factory Inspector to name special deputies 
upon the application of a recognized labor organization (Jan. 
17). By Senator Marshall— Providing for the use of a special 



cork for bottles containing poisonous substances (Jan. 22)^ 
By Senator Andett— Striking out the provision of the penal 
code prohibiting the manufacture of soda water from Uqnid 
carbonic acid gas In premises occupied wholly or in part for 
dwelling purposes (Jan. 22). 

A general discussion followed the reading of Mr. Hitcb- 
cock's report, which was participated In by A« C. Searle8» 
J. M. Tobin, Felix Hirseman and W. G. Alpers, among others. 
With regard to the Anti-Soda Water Law, the sentiment was 
unanimous in favor of continuing the work for the repeal of 
the obnoxious provision of the law. 

The debate on the amendment to the Pharmacy Law came 
up under the head of new business, but previous to this tbe 
report of the Legislative Committee was adopted as a whole. 

Various other routine business was then transacted, in- 
dudlng reports by the committees on Finance and Trade In- 
terests. The last named submitted the most recent circular 
of the Pharmacists* Mfg. Company, advertising that concmi; 
also a communication from the New York BoaM of Trade and 
Transportation, asking for the appointment of a conunlttee 
of three members to represent the Manhattan Pharmaeeutioal 
Association on the joint committee on commercial bodies, 
which Is urging Congress to appropriate funds for the erec- 
tion of a new post office. The request was granted, and a com- 
mittee appointed, composed of J. M. Prlngle, George SL 
Schwelnfurth and Charles H. White. It was at this point 
that Secretary Swann read the letter from Thomas V. Wooten, 
secretary of the N. A. B. D., in which request was made for 
the payment of membership dues in the N. A. R. D., with tbe 
results noted in the opening paragraph of this report The 
action taken by the Manhattan Association leaves the national 
organization without a representative by membership In the 
old city of New York. 

MAKHATTAN TOTES TO GIYS THE FRANCHISE TO ALL LICBNSEO 

PHARMACISTS. 

Opening under the Iiead of new business, that portion of 
the report of the Committee on Legislation relating to the Hill 
amendment to the Pharmacy I^w was brought up for discus- 
sion. A. C. Searles leading off with a rehearsal of the various 
steps which had ended In the passage of the present law. He 
dosed by expressing tbe hope that the law would be further 
amended by allowing every licensed pharmacist in the Bastem 
Branch the privilege of voting for members of the board, as 
obtains in the other two branches. Dr. George C. Diekman, of 
the Board of Pharmacy, called attention to the disparity of 
representation as regards the various sections. He Instanced 
the fact that the Western Section with a census of only 400 
pharmacists had a representation of five members on the board, 
while the Eastern Section with a census of 3,000 was only en- 
titled to the same representation, five members. He conidd- 
ered that the law should be changed to remedy this condition, 
and afford a more adequate representation to the more thickly 
populated portions of the State, as is done In the case of repre- 
sentation in the Legislature. Mr. Hirseman said it would be 
unwise to attempt to secure any additional amendments to the 
law at present. John M. Tobln, who Is ever a valiant cham- 
pion of the rights of the Individual, here expressed his opin- 
ion that the franchise should be thrown open to every licensed 
pharmacist and druggist In the Eastern Section, Irrespective 
of his affiliation with any organization. This was opposed by 
W. C. Alpers, who said that nothing had ever been accom- 
plished for the advancement of any good cause by the mob, a 
reference which was hotly resented by Mr. Tobin as a slur on 
the great body of pharmlslsts not identified with organisatioDS. 
and his rufiled feelings were not smoothed over until Mr. Alp- 
ers explained that hci meant the reference In a general and not 
a specific sense. Hueben R. Smith called attention to the fact 
that the representatives of the several associations had met 
and agreed on the necessity for certain definite changes in the 
Pharmacy law, and he feared that any attempt to introduce 
additional changes now would only defeat the passage of the 
bill now before the Legislature. A. Bakst, of the New York 
Retail Druggists* Association, suggested that the Legislative 
Committee concentrate its efforts on the elimination of the 
words " New York State Pharmaceutical Association " In tbe 
Hill amendment; or else secure the incorporation of a clause 
providing that members of the New York State Phamaceutlcal 
Association participating in the election shall be licensed phar- 
macists. It WAS brought out in the course of the discussion 
that the holding of a certificate as a licensed pharmacist is not 
a prerequisite for membership In the New York State Phar- 
maceutical Association. 

MR. TOBIN GAINS BIS POINT. 

J. M. Tobin offered an amendment, which he asked Mr. 
Bakst to accept, prorldlnir that all licensed pharmacists or 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEaXICAL RECORD. 



53 



druggists In the Eastern Section be entitled to vote for a mem- 
ber of tbe Board of Pharmacy. The amendment waa accepted 
by Mr. Bakst. An amendment to tlila, which then became the 
original motion, was proposed by Mr. Searles, Instmctlng tlie 
Legislative Committee to take steps to carry ont the spirit of 
the motion, and adding as a rider that the provlalou In the 
present law dividing the Eaatem Section Into two Imaginary 
districts, as New York and Brooklyn, be stricken ont. and that 
there be but one meeting place for the Eastern Branch, and 
one election tor members. A division of the qnestlos was 
called for by Mr. Alpers, and the motion as Anally stated waa 
then carried, Mr. Hitchcock [King Instructed to go before the 
Committee on Pabtlc Health of the State Legislature and urge 
the paseage of an amendent to the Pharmacy Law tn accord- 
mice with the action taken. 

TO OBT CLOSBB TO THX HKDICAL PBOFBSSION. 

A coramonlcatlon was read from Prof. C. S. N. Hallberg, of 
Chicago, urging upon local associations of pharmacists tlie de- 
sirability of getting Into closer touch with the local medical so- 
uietles, and he suggested the appointment of a committee of 
tliree to co-operate with the Section on Materia Medica and 
Therapeutics of the State Medical Society. Mr. Alpers, who 
read the commnnlcatlon, on the floggeetion of the chair, made a 
uiutiou for the appointment of such a committee, and on ibla 
were nppolnted W. C. Alpers, George G. Diekman, M.D., and 
F. O. CoUlns. 

After the transaction of sundry other routine business the 
meeting at 11.20 p.m. adjonmed. 



WHOLESALE PROSECUTION IN PHILADELPHIA 

Sixty Tairants Out for Druggiili Vho Have TramgmMd the 
Pluraucy Uw- Foot Csn* AbeadT Tried and Olhcn WOl 
Sooa Be Brought Up. 



Philadelphia, January 22.— The State Pharmaceutical Ex- 
BiiiiQlng Board is again at work stirring up the druggists In 
tills city, who they claim have not lived up to the pharmacy 
laws. It is said warrants are out for sixty druggists charged 
n-lih selling medicines or preparing preflcrtptlonB Illegally. 
The members of the board say there are a vast number of per- 
sons In this city and State tf ho have hired cerUBcatea or have 
engaged unregistered managers to run tlie drug store. 

The cases of four druggists of this city were brought up 
for a hearing February 22. They were George Solonlmskl, of 
Seventh and Pine streets; Dr. P. W. Friedman of Wash- 
ington and Passyunk avennes; Dr. Joseph CammlngB, of 4U1 
South Third street, and Dr. W. H. Long, who resides at 46GT 
Lancaster avenue, but Is said to be the proprietor of a drug 
store at Thirteenth and FItzwater streets. The testimony heard 
in the case of Solonlmskl revealed the fact that he ran his es- 
tablishments at Seventh and Pine streets under a certificate 
rented from another party. To the charge he pleaded guilty 
and was held under (400 ball for court 

Dr. Wm. Henry Long, who. It Is said, has a certificate, but 
ran a drug store at Thirteenth and FItzwater streets, was 
next brought to the stand. Dr. Long said he once owned the 
pharmacy, but three years ago sold out. He declared he must 
have left his certificate there, which the present proprietor, 
A. H. Tonng, was using. The latter, In r signed paper to the 
agent, denies owning the drug store, but claims Dr. Long was 
the proprietor, and as hie practice as a physician on Lancaster 
avenue was so great he had an assistant and manager to con- 
duct the business. The defence of Dr. Long was so weak. In 
the mind of the magistrate, that he was held under $400 for a 
further hearing. Dr. Joseph Cummlnge, who has been a drug- 
gist at the sontheaet comer of Third and Pine streets for the 
past thirty years, was next called to answer a charge of sell- 
ing poisons and preparing prescriptions without a certificate. 
Dr. CummlDgs said that when he went in business. In 1^2. 
he was given no certificate, although be bad graduated and 
been accepted by the State Board. Mr. George, secretary of 
the Pharmaceutical Board, declared that since then certUcatea 
had been Issued to every druggist in the State. Mrs. Clara 
Cheese testified that she purchased medicine In the store from 
a Joseph Caaaidy, who. It Is alleged. Is an tmquallfled clerk. 
Dr. CummlDgs was held under similar ball. The case of Dr. 
P. W. Friedman was deferred. Besides a charge of selling 
goods without a certificate. It Is said a complaint of assault 
and battery will be brought against Dr. Friedman. 



THE MICINLEY MEMORIAL. 

Geo. J. Seabur}', as chairman, has announced the following 
Bub-committee on the McKInley memorial, composed of rep- 
Hcntattves of the drug trade, manufacturing chemlets, whole- 
sale druggists, manufacturing pharmacists, importers of drugs 
and chemicals, manufacturing druggists, druggists' glassware, 
perfumers and soap makers, proprietary medicines, surgical 
Instruments, oils and varnishes, and all branches contlgnoas 
thereto, In the metropolis, allied professional and educational 
institutions included: 



Each special Industry of sufficient prominence will be rep- 
resented by a collector, who will be furnished, on application 
to the treasurer, with circulars, stationery, subscription blanks 
nnd lists. If of sufficient number the Memorial Association, 
through the treasurer, on being fnmlshed with names, will 
address the same and alHx stomps without charge. In fact, 
all tabor and materials consumed In this most acceptable task 
will be furnished gratuitously by the New York City Memoriai 
Committee. 

All remittances to this fnnd should be made payable (o 
Isaac V. HlUier, treasurer, 100 William street. New York, 
who will send receipt; and a final souvenir receipt, when 
printed, will be sent by the National Committee. 

Mr. Seabnry states that " the question which confnsed the 
people a few weeks ago has been amicably settled between tlie 
Government and the National Memorial Committee. Congress 
will appropriate funds for the Washington arch, and the na- 
tion In a popular subscription will complete the UcElnley 
memorial at Canton, Ohio (of which we are an Integral part), 
as a tribute to bis memory. 

" We are sanguine of obtaining aatlsfactory contrlbntlous 
in our sectltm toward erecting the McKInley National Me- 
morial, as an expression of onr aftecHon for him, as a clttsen 
and President; one who will live In the minds of the present 
and future generations as a grand example of American man- 
hood, animated, as he was, by the loftiest of human principles 
and sentiments, and of unsurpassed patriotism." 



The Piopoied Poiacm Law for Washinglofi. 

Manufacturers of proprietary medicines generally are deep- 
ly Interested in the proposed legislation which Dr. W. C. Wood- 
ward, the health officer of the District of Columbia, has pro- 
posed for regulating the sale of poisonous dmgs In Washing- 
ton. A draft of the bill has been prepared and Is to be pre- 
sented to Congress. 

The mil provides restrictions for the sale of the following 
drugs: 



Bctiednls A. — Aconlts, stkhIc and Its prapsratloDs. nrbalie acid, 
..iToelvc ■ubllmate, wblte precipitate, red pr«cipltste. blalodlde or 
mercary. eymlds of potuiilnili, hrdrocraDle add. chloroform, chlorsi 



bvdnite, polaonoDa v(«etable alkaloidn and tbeir aaiiia, eueniiu on oi 
bitter almoDds, oplam and lt> praparatioDS, except paregoric wben sold 
in qpuitltlei ot not mora tbatt one ooiics. 

Bebedale B. — Beltadooiia, colchlcnm, eoolam, nui romlca. benbane, 
,_ __„ . — ..__.. j.^ nd rtiBli • 



iiallc add. 

The rules governing the sale of poisons mentioned in the 
schedules are: 

" No druggist shall retail any preparation in quantity con- 
taining a toxic adult dose of any such poison without tlrat. In 
the case of poisons, plainly and legibly labeling the bottle, box 
or paper containing tbe same, with the popular name of ancb 
poison, and In the case of poisons and of snbatances and com- 
pounds aforesaid labeling the bottle, box or paper containing 
the same with the word ' poison,' an intelligent statement of 
the treatment of poisoning thereby, the name of the owner of 
tbe pharmacy and the address of the place wbere sold. Nor 
unless the person to whom the same Is to be delivered be per- 
sonally known to the pharmacist or person making the delivery 
to be more than sixteen years of age, and upon due Inqniry 



54 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



found to be aware of the poisonous character of the poison, 
compound or substance which he is about to receive, and rep- 
resent that it is to be used for a legitimate purpose." 

Besides these schedules there are other items relative to mak- 
ing a druggist keep a record of all poisons he sells, and making 
it unlawful for any person to compound or dispense more than 
one prescription containing opium or its preparations or de- 
rivatives, cocaine or its salts, or chloral, when such preparation 
has written or printed on its face not to be repeated. The part 
in the bill relative to affixing the word *' poison " to all boxes 
or bottles of any preparation sold in quantities containing a 
toxic adult dose of any such poison is the one that hits the 
proprietary manufacturer, and, while the bill in its present 
shape only applies to Washington, it is thought that, if 
Congress should take it up, a bill would be introduced of gen- 
eral application so far as it is possible for Congress to act in 
this direction. 

The Legislative Committee of the N. W. D. A. has taken 
the matter up and it is believed a' successful fight will be made 
to prevent any legislation of this kind. It is contended by the 
manufacturers of proprietary medicines that such a law would 
drive them out of business, for to put the word " Poison " on 
their preparations would stop the sale, and there would be no 
demand for goods that now have a ready market. M. N. Kline, 
chairman of the Legislative Committee of the N. W. D. A., 
went to Washington on January 21 and he began an investiga- 
tion of the matter. It is said the local druggists will unite in 
an effort to kill any legislation of this character. 



THE HEARING ON THE PHARMACY LAW 

AMENDMENT. 



New Patent Medfcme 

The District Commissioners of Washington, D. C, have 
decided to put a stop to the promiscuous distribution of sam- 
ples of patent medicine in the vestibules and doorways of 
private buildings, dwellings, etc., and are preparing for 
adoption two health regulations, which it is believed will 
effectively cover the case. The proposed regulations are as 
follows: 

*' Section 0. No person shall throw, cast, deposit, drop, 
scatter or leave, or cause to be thrown, cast, deposited, 
dropped, scattered or left upon any public highway or place 
in the District of Columbia, any medicinal or toxic substance, 
either in package or in bulk, except officers, employees and 
agents of the United States or the District of Columbia, dis- 
tributing such material for the purpose of disinfecting or 
cleansing. Any person violating the provisions of this sec- 
tion shall, upon conviction thereof, be punished by a fine 
of not less than five nor more. than twenty-five dollars for 
eaoh and every such offense." 

Section 10 provides that the medicinal or toxic substances 
must not be left " in or upon any premises in the District of 
Columbia, without the consent of the owner or occupant of 
said premises, except officers, employees or agents of the 
District of Columbia." 



Qaim for Drawback Disallowed. 

The Comptroller of the Treasury at Washington has pre- 
sented an opinion on a claim of McKesson & Robbins, of 
New York, for drawback of the internal revenue tax paid on 
medicinal proprietary articles shipped to Manila on April 23, 
1001. The claim is made under the War Revenue Act, which 
provides that "there shall be an allowance of drawback on 
articles mentioned in schedule * B ' of this act, on which any 
internal revenue tax shall have been paid, equal in amount 
to the stamp tax paid thereon, and no more, when exported," 
etc. The Commissioner of Internal Revenue allowed the 
claim, but the Auditor held it up on the ground that the 
drawback privilege extends only to articles mentioned in 
schedule " B " when exported to a country without the Juris- 
diction of the United States, whereas the Supreme Court has 
decided in the "Fourteen Diamond Ring Case" that the 
Philippine Islands are domestic territory. The Comptroller 
approved the Auditor's decision. 



Searle & Hereth Win in the Warner Trade-Mark Suit. 

Chicago, January 21.— The U. S. Circuit Court of Appeals 
to-day handed down a decision In the case of W. R. Warner & 
Co. vs. Searle & Hereth, dissolving the injunction which had 
been granted, and allowing the defendants to continue the use 
of the name pancropepsin, which had been claimed by Warner 
& Co. to be an infringement on their trade-mark. 



The ManhatUn As oclation Fights for a Widening of the Fran- 
chhr— Kings County Representatives woold Restrict Soffnse— 
Mr* Mtilr Against Granting Traveling Salesmen tibe Rigfit to Vote> 



There was an interesting hearing on Wednesday, January 
22, at Albany, before the Public Health Committee on the 
amendment to the State Pharmacy Law, which had been In- 
troduced by Senator Henry W. Hill, of Erie County, proyldlng 
that the right to vote for officers for the Eastern Section of the 
State Board of Pharmacy should be granted only to members 
of local pharmaceutical associations wherein the prerequisite 
for membership is tlie holding of a certificate as a licensed 
pharmacist or druggist. 

The various pharmaceutical societies and bodies were repre- 
sented at the hearing as follows: 

New York State Board of Pharmacy— Warren L. Bradt, Al- 
bany. 

New York State Pharmaceutical Association— Prof. G. 
Michaelis, Albany. 

Dcutscher Apotheker Verein— George Kleinau. 

Kings County Pharmaceutical Society and New York State 
Pharmaceutical Association— Wm. Muir. 

Manhattan Pharmaceutical Association— A. C. Searles and 
George H. Hitchcock. 

Retail Druggists' Association of New York— Joseph Wein- 
steln and Messrs. Bakst, Diamond, and Bernstein. 

Messrs. Searles and Hitchcock led off in opposition to the 
Hill amendment. As members of the Legislative Committee 
of the Manhattan Pharmaceutical Association they reported 
the action of that society on January 20 in urging that the bill 
be amended so that the franchise be granted to all licensed 
pharmacists in the Eastern Section, irrespective of their aflllia- 
tlon with any organization. 

In urging this plan Mr. Hitchcock stated that it would only 
be acting in conformity with the rules affecting the other sec- 
tions of the State. If all the pharmacists of the Middle and 
Western Section could select and vote for one of their number 
there was no reason why New York and its vicinity should not 
be accorded equal privileges. 

Mr. Searles offered a substitute to the amendment pro- 
viding that there should be but one election for the Board- 
that It take place in New York City, and that all the registered 
pharmacists of the Section have the right of franchise. 

Wm. Muir next spoke in favor of the Hill amendment, and 
in opposition to that section of the proposed measure which 
gives the franchise to all members of the New York State 
Pharmaceutical Association. To obviate the objectionable fea- 
ture, Mr. Muir offered as an amendment to Senator HlU*s 
amendment the insertion after the words, " And a member of 
the New York State Pharmaceutical Association,*' of the clause, 
" Provided he is a registered pharmacist or druggist" 

Mr. Muir held that members of the State association, not 
pharmacists, were not in position to vote intelligently upon 
the pharmaceutical qualifications of the men likely to be named 
for elevation to the board. Many of the members were travel- 
ing men qualified to act intelligently on any question, and yet 
their voting strength might outweigh that of the working 
pharmacists who were really more affected by the personnel 
of the board. In other words, traveling salesmen for wholesale 
houses. In no way or but little affected by the actions of the 
Board of Pharmacy, could by acting In unison prevent the re- 
tail pharmasist from seating his candidate in the board. 

In connection with the provision that the franchise power 
should only be given to members of pharmaceutical organiza- 
tions, Mr. Muir stated that there could be no question as to the 
common sense of such a provision. It would stimulate the 
present organizations, and bring others into existence, and he 
doubted whether any one in the drug business disbelieved in 
organizations as such. 

As for the point made by the Manhattan Association mem- 
bers that the franchise should be granted alike to all phar- 
macists, whether members of an association or not, it should 
be remembered that the conditions in rural districts were 
not at all to be compared to those In the cities. In the country 
everybody knew everybody else, and If a man were recom- 
mended for office his fellow pharmacists knew all about him. 

In a big city like New York this was not the case. A man 
could attain prominence in his chosen profession, be recognised 
as an able man and one well fitted to pass upon vital ques- 
tions, and yet be unknown to hundreds of druggists who were 
not members of associations and did not keep up to times in 
other ways. If he were a member of an association he would 
be more liable to be informed as t© what was going on. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



55 



Mr. Muir argued tbat nuifonuity of action all over the 
State was not sought. He nn-ognizecl that the Pharmaey Law 
even with the passage ot the proposed amendments, would 
not be a perfect measure. The question of a voting place had 
never been satisfactorily settled. Sometimes the election was 
held at one end of the State, where druggists at the other end 
could not vote because of the expense of traveling. Still, the 
present law was better than the last, and by continually im- 
proving it, there might come a time when it would reach the 
ideal. 

The Brooklyn member was followed by Prof. Michaelis, 
who indorsed his statements, and by Messrs. Kleiuau, Wein- 
stein, Bakst and Bernstein, all of whom, in brief addresses, 
showed that they held the same views as Mr. Muir had elo- 
quently expressed. 

It was held by the latter speakers that if a pharmacist did 
not evince interest enough in his business and profession to 
l)ecome a member in one of the many pharmaceutical associa- 
tions by the payment of a nominal fee, such as $2 a year, he 
was hardly to be adjudged entitled to the right of a vote for 
the board membership. 

Senator Henry W. Hill, the introducer of the amendment, 
i'losed the debate. He stated that he was perfectly willing 
to accept Mr. Muir's proposed amendments, and that he he- 
lieved the measure would pass as it stood; He believed with 
Mr. Muir that only registered pharmacists should be entitled 
to a vote. 

I^etters were also read from the Greater New York Associa- 
tlon favoring the passage of the bill with Senator Hill's amend- 
ment. 



Meeting of the Kincfs CountyPhannaceutical 

The Kin^fs County Pharmaceutical Society held the first 
meeting of the year on January 14, in the lecture room of the 
Brooklyn College of Pharmacy, 329 Franklin avenue. 

The attendance was unusually large. President Oscar C. 
Kleine, jr., called the members to order and Frederic P. Tut- 
hill acted as secretary. After routine business these new 
members were elected: George W. Conklin, 1073 Bedford 
avenue; H. L. Gaige Dairy mple, 98 Court street; Henry R. 
Loehr, 605 Evergreen avenue; Peter Ullrich, 64 Grand street, 
and Gottlieb P. Esslg, 764 DeKalb avenue. 

Six applications for membership were received and referred. 
They were Arnold W. N. Brandenberg, New Dorp, Statcn 
Island; Fernando E. Y. Brandenberg, 302 Clinton street; 
Charles A. Cannon, 195 Main street, Astoria, L. I.; Louis J. 
Jacoby, 33 Avenue B, Manhattan; Henry B. Lentz, 1093 Han- 
cock street, atad Nicholas McDonald, Bay Shore, L. I. 

Dr. Peter W. Ray, treasurer, reported that there wa.s a 
balance of ^284.13 in the society's treasury, and |7,807.69 in the 
college treasury. 

Wm. Muir, as chairman of the Legislation Committee, sub- 
mitted a report relative to a conference held by the Legislation 
committees of the various pharmaceutical societies in this 
State. It was decided that steps should be taken looking to a 
revision of the constitution of the New York State Pharraa- 
ceutical Association in order to provide that only licensed 
pharmacists and drpggists should have a voice in the annual 
election of the association. 

On motion of Dr. Ray the Legislation Committee was in- 
structed to do all in its power to have repealed the law rela- 
tive to the manufacture of carbonated waters in premises 
occupied in part as dwelling houses. 



Annual Meetincf of the Dracf Trade Section. 

The annual meeting of the Drug Trade Section of the New 
York Board of Trade and Transportation was held on Janu- 
ary 16. A protest against the new classification and rate 
schedule recently issued by the New York Board of Fire Un- 
derwriters was adopted unanimously. The special committee 
appointed to investigate the subject reported that extensive 
adulteration of the essential oils used in the manufacture of 
confectionery and flavoring was being practiced in this city. 
OflScers for the ensuing year were elected as follows: 

Chairman, Jesse L. Hopkins, of J. L. Hopkins & Co.: vioe- 
chairman, Albert Plant, of liehn & Fink; treasurer, William 
D. Faris, of H. J. Baker & Brother; secretary, William F. Mc- 
Connell; director representing the Drug Trade Section in the 
New York Board of Trade and Transportation, Jesse L. Hop- 
kins. 

Executive Committee: Edward W. Pitch, of Parke. Davis 
A, Co.; Thomas F. Main, of Tarrant A Co.; William S. Mer- 
serenu, of Schieffelin & Co.; Joseph A'. Velsor, of Peek & N'el- 
sor: .John Anderson, of Chnrles Pfizer & Co. 



GREATER NEW YORK. 

Albert Plant, head of the firm of Lehn & Fink, is winter- 
ing in the South. When last heard from he was at Palm 
Beach, Fla., en route to Cuba. 

A jury before Justice Fitzgerald, in the Supreme Court, on 
January 16, gave a verdict of ^,639.65 against the city in favor 
of Prof. Rudolph Witthaus, the chemical expert in the trial ot 
Roland B. Molineux. 

John C. Gallagher, of Jersey City, widely known as a mem- 
ber of the Executive Committee of the N. A. R. D., is extend- 
ing his business in various directions and has recently opened 
a second store at 601 Grove street. 

Louis I. Cherey, dealer in druggists' sundries at 159 Bowery, 
has filed a petition in bankruptcy, with liabilities $5(M4 and 
no assets. An involuntary petition in bankruptcy was filed 
against Mr. Cherey individually by three creditors, January 3. 

Max Montesi, proprietor of the pharmacy at First avenue 
and East Fifty-seventh street, was badly burned by an ex- 
plosion of chemicals in his store on January 17. The explosion 
also caused a fire that cost $1,000. The drug store was 
wrecked. 

J. A. Carpentier, who until lately was proprietor of a phar- 
macy at 2284 Eighth avenue and who failed in business, has 
been mentally unbalanced by his troubles. He was examined 
by a magistrate a few weeks ago and committed to Bellevne 
Hospital. 

S.W.Bowne, of Scott & Bowne; Edward B. Amend, of Einier 
& Amend, and Prof. C. F. Chandler, president of the New York 
College of Pharmacy, are among the members of the com- 
mittee appointed by Mayor Low to receive Prince Henry of 
Prussia, on the occasion of his visit to this city. 

M. W. Lauer, of Magnus & Lauer, the well-known dealers 
in essential oils, has Just returned from a three months' busi- 
ness and pleasure trip, during which he visited London and 
the principal Continental cities, going as far south as Messinar 
Sicily, the center of the Messina essence district. 

J. C. Eliel, of the Lyman-Ellel Drug Company, Minneapolis, 
spent a few days in New York last week while booking hia 
passage for Europe on one of the big liners. He visited many 
of his acquaintances in the drug market during his stay. He 
goes to Europe to obtain much needed rest and recreation. 

M. Rafter, for many years manager of F. Bagoe's phar- 
macy at 423 Fourth avenue, and who is widely and favorably 
known in the district, has entered business for himself by 
purchasing the old established pharmacy of F. W. Kinsman 
& Co. at 343 Fourth avenue. His many friends wish him suc- 
cess in the underlaking. 

The business of the late J. E. Brannigan, at 161 Amsterdam 
avenue, is being looked after by Thomas Brannigan, a brother 
of the deceased, who is well fitted by training and experience 
for this work. He is not a graduate of pharmacy, but lia» 
taken up the study of pharmacy, confining himself meanwhile 
to the financial end of the business. 

The drug store and postal sub-station of Karl F. Behrens- 
& Co., at 97 Sands street, Brooklyn, was entered by burglars 
recently and fourteen boxes of cigars, a lot of postage stamps 
and $5 in cash stolen. As this is the second or third visit 
within a few months, Mr. Behrens is taking extra precautions 
to see that the next raid is an unprofitable one. 

George J. Seabury has received notice of his election to the 
chairmanship of the Literary Committee of the American Pro- 
tective Tariff league. The election was made at the meeting 
of the Board of Managers, on Thursday, January 16. Mr. Sea- 
bury has been granted the unusual privilege of naming the 
rest of the meml>ers of this important national committee. 

The serving of hot drinks at the drug store of Reid, Yeo- 
mans & Cubit, 140 Nassau street, was interrupted for a few 
days recently. Late one afternoon the steam trap which 
generates the hot water for the soda fountain exploded, shiver- 
ing the plate glass window of the store and cracking the Ten- 
nessee marble counter. The damage was estimated at $350. 

When it was first proposed to hold the annual meeting of 
the N. W. D. A. at Monterey, Cal., grave misgivings were ex- 
pressed as to th^ ability of the members in the East to be 
absent from their business for the length of time that travel 
covering so great a distance would entail; but wholesalers in 
the East think lightly of such trips, an instance In point beln? 
the departure last week of Charles Hubbard, of Charles Hub- 
bard, Son & Co., Syracuse, accompanied by his wife and 
(laughter, for a vacation stay of two months in California, 



56 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



Seabury & Johnson's team are keeping up their fine work 
in the wholesale drug trade tournament, and they won two 
more games on the 18th Inst from Dodge & Olcott and Colgate 
& Co. Buddiman, the anchor of the D. & O. team, made a 
splendid effort to pull his men out of the rut of defeat, but 
his best efforts failed to bring a victory in either of their two 
games. He rolled 208 pins in the first game against Seabury 
& Johnson, and IGl in the second against Colgate & Co., but 
neither time could his men bring their total up to the required 
800 mark, and a double defeat was the result 

Leopold Hoff, of Hamburg, the original introducer of the 
Hoff malt extract into the United States, is in this city on a 
visit Mr. Hoff is a thorough cosmopolite. He lived in the 
United States for three years when he first introduced malt 
extract here in 1806, and later resided for several years in Paris. 
He has traveled round the world and all over Europe, and now 
has settled down as a gentleman farmer near Hamburg, where 
he can drive into the city to look after his malt extract busi- 
ness and get back to his rural life within a couple of hours. 
Mr. Hoff is as full of energy and enthusiasm as is his son, 
who is now just 24 years of age. He expects to spend several 
weeks in the United States. 

The annual meeting of the B^yonne (N. J.) Druggists' Asso- 
ciation was held on January 16, and these officers elected for 
the following year: President, Charles H. Landell; vice-presi- 
dent, N. Cadmus; secretary, M. Strauss; treasurer, William 
Whitehead. Beyond the election of officers only routine busi- 
ness was transacted. Mr. Landell, who was chosen president, 
was recently elected, at the meeting of the directors and stock- 
holders of the Greenville Banking & Trust Company, a mem- 
ber of the Auditing Committee. He has been In business 
many years at Avenue D and Thirty-second street, and is well 
known and popular. He is the president of the Central Bay- 
onne Land Improvement Company. 

The interesting personality of G^eorge W. Busteed, the re- 
tired veteran pharmacist, was called to the attention of the 
general public a week or two ago when a general alarm was 
sent out by the police, at the instance of his son-in-law, to the 
effect that he was missing from his home, 15 Bast 128th street. 
It appears tiiat he left there early in the afternoon for a call 
on an old friend, and when he did not return for dinner in 
the evening the matter was reported. Several hours later be 
turned up at the house safe and sound and explained that he 
had taken a southbound instead of a northboimd car. The 
doctor is 80 years old and was one of the best known phar- 
macists in the city. For many years he had a drug store at 
Third avenue and Twenty-third street During the cholera 
epidemic in 1849, he made "The Sun Cholera Cure," which 
was used as a standard medicine all over the country. It was 
adopted into many medical and pharmaceutical works of ref- 
erence and was generally approved and valued. The foripula 
is given in the National Formulary. 

Lehn & Fink's new wholesale drug establishment, at 120 
William street, is a constant source of wonderment to out-of- 
town visitors, it is so entirely different from similar establish- 
ments in the drug market The ground floor is long and nar- 
row, and is furnished with a series of handsome roll top desks 
and similar office furniture, the usual boxes and bales of drugs 
being conspicuous by their absence. As one visitor remarked 
to Mr. Lampa the other day, " I was directed to you as a 
wholesale drug house, but this is not the kind of a drug house 
I am used to. I have been accustomed to wade through boxes 
and barrels and bales of drugs before I could reach the office. 
Have I made a mistake? Is this not Lehn & Fink's?" The 
genial Mr. Lampa assured him that he was in the right place, 
and then asked him to step upstairs, where he surprised the 
visitor by showing him a display of roots, barks, herbs and 
other drugs, mostly In original packages, that for extent could 
scarcely be equaled in the United States. Lehn & Fink occupy 
the entire building. 

DEATH OF CHARLES A. OSMUN 

The intelligence of the death at his home in New York dn De- 
cember 29. 1901, of Charles A. Osmun. for many years a member 
of the New York College of Pharmacy and of the American 
Pharmaceutical Association, besides numerous other organiza- 
tions, will come as a shock to many, though it was well 
known that the deceased had not enjoyed good health for 
some months previous to his death. Mr. Osmun was bom 
near Hackettstown, N. J., May 17, 1845. He attended school 
there and at Newark, graduating at the High School of New- 
ark when sixteen years old. After leaving school he was ap- 
prenticed to the elder Hegeman, and in the pharmacy at Ninth 
street and Broadway obtained a thorough knowledge of all 
branches of the retail drug business. After nine years* serv- 



ice with the firm of Hegeman & Co. he went into business for 
himself, opening the drug store at 18 Seventh avenue, in the 
old Ninth Ward, or Greenwich Village, as the district is still 
sometimes called. He conducted this store successfully almost 
up to the day of his death and succeeded fairly well in a finan- 
cial way, even amid all the vicissitudes which overtook the 
locality; for while the majority of the older residents moved 
away from the district, they still retained an attachment for 
Osmun's drug store, and Mr. Osmun used to be fond of telling 
bow old customers traveled down from Harlem and the Bronx 
to the old Ninth Ward drug store to get their supplies of medi- 
cines. Mr. Osmun was taken sick on August 7 last, and lu 
November he was compelled to give up business entirely, 
leaving the store to the care of his wife and a qualified assist- 
ant He married Miss Susan Shiels in New York City in 1872. 
his wife being herself an old Ninth Warder by both birth and 
ancestry. He is survived by Mrs. Osmun and two daughters. 
Mr. Osmun Joined the American Pharmaceutical Assodatiou 
in 1868. Besides his membership in the College of Pharmacy, 
he was a member of the Manhattan Pharmaceutical Associa- 
tion and was one of the founders of the New York Branch of 
the Interstate Druggists' League, which he served as president. 



WESTERN NEW YORK. 



The Boafd of Pharmacy Busy— Oppotttlon to the Nye Bill— 

Glycerin Tonic as a Beverage. 



{From our Regular Oorrespondent,) 

Buffalo, January 22.— For some reason the Buffalo druggists 
are doing better than they were through the holiday season, 
and those who complained most then are now saying that they 
are doing q.ulte well. Still there is no prevalent disorder and 
no condition of the weather that explains the improvement 
In business. 

THB BOARD OF PHARMACY. 

The Western Branch of the State Board of Pharmacy has 
been in session most of the time lately, to accommodate the 
druggists of the district, all of whom are required to make re- 
ports of their business during the month. The blanks furnished 
are somewhat puzzling, and it is often necessary to coach the 
people very carefully, and then erasures are quite common. 
Very many of the reports that come in by mail have to be sent 
back for correction. The poison label is left off or there is an 
error somewhere. Some of the reports are very amusing In 
some of their details. One report declares that the store is 
using the 1900 Pharmacopoeia, although it is not yet in the 
hands of the printer. Another has it that the store is provided 
with weights to the 104th part of a grain, and a third has 
nothing less than an ounce. Another has apothecarys' weights 
from an eighth of a grain to two pounds. It takes a deal of 
straightening out to bring these reports into line, so the board 
prefers to hold open sessions and do it on the spot. 

At the last examination held by the Western Branch seven 
candidates for pharmacist's license and three for druggist's 
appeared. 

The stores are sending in their registration blanks in a very 
satisfactory manner. Half of the 400 in the Western Division 
reported during the first half of the month. 

MOVING IN OPPOSITION TO THE NYE BILL. 

As the bills affecting the pharmacy law make their ap- 
pearance, the board takes a shy at them, and has already sent 
out invitations to leading druggists in the district to oppose 
the bill Introduced by Assemblyman Nye, of Watkins, authoriz- 
ing any physician of long regular practice to conduct a drug 
store without a license. It is stated that the Assemblyman 
has a doctor among his friends who is doing this very thing, 
so when the board got after him the bill was framed to help 
him out. It is threatened that if the bill passes another, 
authorizing a practicing druggist to set up as a doctor under 

certain circumstances will be introduced. 

I 

A GLYCERIN TOXIC RECOMMENDATION. 

We are having some sport over a new preparation that a 
Buffalo druggist is sending out. A doctor sent the foUowiuK 
"recommendation," apparently unsolicited: "The glycerin 
tonic came to-day. We supposed it was sherry and each took 
a drink. B. is full and in bed to sober up. I took a smaller 
drink and am partly sober. I think it is a good thing." 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



57 



MASSACHUSETTS. 



PENNSYLVANIA. 



Tlie Aiwiiiil EatefUinmeiit a Succcsb— New Offlcen for the Con- 
necticut VaUey^UmbreUaB at Drag S.oret* 

(Frwn our Regular Corrupondmi.) $ 

Boston, January 22.— The entertainment given by the As- 
sociation of the Alumni, assisted by the Woman's Club, at the 
eoUege building on the evening of January 16, was a huge suc- 
cess. It was a combined reception to the trustees, faculty and 
students. The reception was followed by a social, in charge 
of President Simpson. This Included music, singing by the col- 
lege quartette, an address by Prof. Scoville, and a literary 
class contest between the senior and Junior classes. The paper* 
by the senior class was read by Mr. Paddock and that for the 
juniors by Mr. Mott The Judges decided in favor of the 
seniors. Then followed the presentation of a flag to the senior 
class and a cup to the Jimlors. Refreshments were served and 
this was followed by dancing. 

CONNECTICUT VALLEY DUUOG18T8. 

A meeting of the Connecticut Valley Druggists' Association 
was held at Greenfield, January 9. About twenty-five mem- 
bers were present They discussed matters pertaining to prices 
in their section and adopted resolutions against the use of trade 
coupons. The association has in force a price-list on patents, 
and a committee was appointed to arrange a price schedule 
on pharmaceuticals. The following oflScers were elected: 
President, C. E. Bardwell, of Holyoke; vice-presidents, George 
D. Clark, of Northampton; C. B. Ball, of Holyoke; Bliot Nash, 
of Greenfield; secretary, F. L. Vaughan, of Springfield; treas- 
urer, Bdward Leonard, of Springfield. Bxecutlve Committee, 
F. N. Wheeler, of Springfield; L. G.*Heinritz, of Holyoke; D. F. 
Keefe, of Springfield; W. A. Coleman, of Northampton; C. J. 
Smith, of Basthampton; C. N. Payne, of Greenfield; J. F. Hood, 
of Turners Falls. Legislative Committee, A. B. Lerche, of 
Springfield; F. B. Wells, of Greenfield; L. S. Davis, of 
Northampton. 

UHBBKLLAS AT DRUG STORES. 

Biany of the drug stores in this city are interested in an 
umbrella scheme which has Just been established by an um- 
brella concern. A great number of stores are used as stations 
at which umbrellas may be left and obtained by patrons of the 
company. The concern own the umbrellas, and they are is- 
sued on a check plan to patrons. The company sell the checks 
to customers. 

BOSTON JOTTINGS. 

C. P. Flynn, of South Boston, recently delivered an address 
before the Lauriat Improvement Association, Dorchester. 

The Walker-Rlntels Company had a fire in their Summer 
street store January 12. It was due to spontaneous combus- 
tion, and the damage was about |500. 

Chester H. Sweatt, now clerking at the Sumner pharmacy, 
Huntington avenue, will quit the drug business for a time, hav- 
ing accepted a lucrative advertising position in Portland, Me. 

Pharmacist John Cowan, recently on duty at the Charles- 
town navy yard, is sick and has been sent to the Marine Hos- 
pltalt Chelsea. He has been In poor health since his return 
from the Philippines and has applied for retirement, but his 
application was rejected. 

J. A. S. Woodrow, Ph.G., who is now with W. C. Durkee, 
Ph.G., Boylston street. Is to give a talk to the M. C. P. students 
January 29 on the subject of " Sponges." This is Mr. Wood- 
row's hobby, and he can give the boys many valuable points 
and will exhibit a variety of interesting specimens. 

Becently small sums of money have been missed from the 
rooms of the State Board of Pharmacy. A watchman was 
finally detailed to investigate the matter, and he succeeded in 
detecting one of the State House porters In the act of abstract- 
ing more money. An arrest and trial was followed by a sen- 
tence of six months. The thief was recently ordained to the 
Baptist ministry. 

BAY STATE ITEMS. 

James W. Tufts has Just shipped a reliable carbonator to 
Bouke & Martin, of Worcester. 

John M. Kelleher is to open a new store in New Bedford. 
He is to fit it with one of James W. Tufts' fountains. 

Billings & Stover, Harvard square, Cambridge, recently 
purchased a new fountain and marble counter from James W. 
Tufts. 



Tlie loatififratlon of the Tripartite Plan Hanging on the Deciiion 
of One Firm — A Former Ditsggist Honored by the King of 
Siam— Vholciale Trade in Pfoepcrous Condition* 

• (From our Regular Correepondent.) 

Philadelphia, January 22.— The tripartite plan is going 
ahead, and each week the oflicers who have this matter in 
charge report additional conquests. The plan as applied m 
Chicago, Pittsburg and other Western cities is making good 
headway, and renewed effort is to be made to get the Bastem 
Jobbers and retailers in line. In the New Bngland States there 
Is more of a disposition shown to unite, but in this city little 
headway has been made. It is said only one large retail drug 
house which has refrained from Joining the Retail Drug Asso- 
ciation and abiding by its rules is willing to accept the tri- 
partite plan, and when this is done all the leading houses in 
this city will be a party to it. This house has prevented the 
carrying Into effect the plan establishing a higher price for 
proprietary goods, and while the local wholesale houses re- 
fused to fill orders for it,* there was no difilculty experienced 
In securing all the goods wanted, as the Jobbers of other cities 
readily filled the orders, and in cases of emergency the retail 
dealers helped the house by ordering goods in their names and 
subsequently turning them over to the cut rate store. When 
this house is brought into line, which It is thought will be done 
shortly, a greater effort is to be made to solidify the retail in- 
terest in this city. 

THE WHOLESALE TRADE IN A PEOSPKRQDS CONDITION. 

The drug business of this city for the past month has shown 
an improvement over the corresponding period of 1901. While 
the city trade has not shown much change, the country and 
distant city trade has grown and the outlook is encouraging. 
The houses that do a Southern and Western business feel 
greatly encouraged, as their agents are sending in large orders 
daily. Maris & Co., one of the oldest and most progressive 
houses here, have received more orders from their salesmen 
this year than ever before. George M. Smyth, the popular 
representative of this house, is now in the West renewing his 
acquaintanceship and he is meeting with considerable success. 
H. Chambers, the Beau Brummel of the sundry business, is in 
the far South, mingling with the druggists of perpetual sum- 
mer. 

THE WANDERERS' HOODOO 

< 

The ** Wanderers," who are the bowling representatives of 
out-of-town drug houses, have a hoodoo among the members, 
and until it is caught and relagated to a seat '* away back," 
it is likely that the "Wanderers" will continue to remain 
near the bottom of the list Whitall, Tatum & Co.'s team has 
so far made the best showing, although Aschenbach & Miller's 
team is a close second. At this writing It seems as though 
the fight for supremacy will be between these two teams. 
Wampole's team is sure to win the booby prize, it having lost 
fifteen games straight 

The following shows the standing of the clubs on Jan- 
uary 20: 

Won. Loit. Per cent. 

vniltBll Tatum 14 1 .SSS 

Ascbenbach 18 2 .866 

Smith-Kline 10 6 .666 

Mulford 6 9 .400 

Wanderers 6 12 .38S 

Shoemaker 5 10 .388 

Wampole 15 .000 

HONORED BT THE KINO OF SIAM. 

Dr. Thomas B. Hayes has had an unuenial honor bestowed 
upon him by the King of Slam in person. The honor bestowed 
was no less than the Royal Order of the White Blephant, 
which Is the highest of Siamese orders, and is rarely bestowed 
upon a foreigner. Dr. Hayes was at one time a drug clerk for 
Frank R. Rohrman, the present manager of the Philadelphia 
Drug Company, when he was In the retail drug business at 
the comer of Charles and Read streets, Baltimore, and it was 
while clerking for Mr. Rohrman that Dr. Hayes attended lec- 
tures at the Maryland University, and after graduating at that 
institution, became a medical missionary in Slam. He soon 
opened a retail drug store in Bangkok and latterly entered the 
Siamese navy, where he has attained the rank of surgeon 
major. He has received many honors from the King of Slam 
and is rated as a millionaire. He pays taxes on $600,000 worth 
of property in Chicago alone, and owns some valuable real 
estote in Baltimore. 



58 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL' RECORD 



QUAKER NEfTS NOTES. 

U. Kaudall has sold bis store at Eighth and PaiTish streets 
to VVertley & Co. 

^ J. D. McFerran has sold his store at Twelfth and Bace 
streets to Mr. Campbell. 

William Van Dyke has opened a new drug store at 311 
Church lane, Germantown. He has named it the *' Wlngo- 
hocklng Pharmacy." 

A. H. Bolton, who Is connected with a large retail store 
In Germantown, has gone into the druggists' sundries business 
and has opened an office at 410 Arch street. 

Dr. J. M^ Wallis, who for many years owned and operated 
the pharmacy at Lehigh avenue and Thompson street, died 
at his residence in this city on December 30. 

Dr. G. E. Dahis, who owns and operates the pharmacy at 
Forty-ninth and Woodland avenue, has been elected Scribe of 
Oriental Chapter of Boyal Arch Masons, which is the largest 
Masonic body in the world. 

B. S. Doak, who for many years conducted the drug store 
at Fifteenth and South streets, died on January 20. Mr. Doak 
has for many years been located in the neighborhood and had 
built up a good trade. 

Dr. Beiman, who for many years has conducted the drug 
store at the northwest corner of Fifth and Poplar streets, has 
bought the property on the southwest comer, and he intends 
building a new store. He will tear down the present structure 
and erect a new and modem store. Owing to the tenants hav- 
ing a lease until June, he cannot begin operations until they 
vacate. He has given a contract for the work and it will cost 
upward of $4,000. 

Schandien & LInd report a steady increase in business. This 
Urm moved to their present quarters, 206 North Fourth street, 
early last year. It was then thought that there would be 
ample room, but the business has grown so that it will not be 
lou^ before additional space will have to be secured. Mr. 
Scliandlen looks after the office business, while Mr. Lind does 
the outside work. Mr. Lind is now in the South and has taken 
a large number of orders for early spring delivery. 

On February 13 and 14 the eighth annual meeting of the 
Manufacturing Perfumers* Association of the United States 
will take place in New York. The association is in a flourish- 
ing condition, having over 100 members, embracing all the 
principal manufacturing perfumers, together with the manu- 
facturers who sell the perfumes. This meeting, it is said, will 
be an important one, as many questions relative to the per- 
fumery business are to be brought up for discussion. 

At the annual election for officers of the Philadelphia Drug 
Company, Ltd., the following were chosen: President, B. B. 
Oatchel; vice-president, W. Mclntyre; treasurer, D. H. Boss; 
aecretary, W. F. Stemmitz. The retiring president, Mr. Buck- 
man, read a statement of the affairs of the company, which 
ahowed the concern to be In fine financial condition, and the 
business done the past year was stated to be much in excess 
of that done in any preceding year. The meeting was large- 
ly attended and the stockholders were jubilant at the showing 
•of the annual report 



OHIO. 



Drag Qcrks' CrganUation Gaining Strength— Many Gocsnty 

ciations Affitiatcd with the N A« R. D.— An Umutfal 
Acddeot* 



Registcfcd in Mxchisfan* 

The Michigan Board of Pharmacy held a meeting at De- 
troit on January 14 and 15. There were 57 applicants present 
for examination— 42 for registered pbarniacist certificate and 
15 lor assistant papers. Fifteen applicants received registered 
pharmacist papers and 9 assistant papers. Following is a list 
of tbose receiving certificates: 

llegistered pharmacists: Miss Dora L. Bodine, Clio; Wm. 
J. Cassldy. Detroit: Alf. J. Carlisle, Detroit; A. C. Deno, Burr 
Oak; M. L. Hoffmnn. Detroit; C. L. Klingensmith, PrattvlUe: 
J. R. Knorr. Grand Rapids; E. L. La Bocque, St. Ignace; F. 
B. McCain, Detroit; W. L. McKinnon, Port Huron; R. B. Mills, 
Ahuont; Ray W. Olin, Port Huron; F. S. Pierce, Beaverton; 
R. W. Rennie, Detroit; Wm. H. Zentner. Detroit. 

Assistant pharmacists: C. M. Barry, St. Louis; Alf. 
Bourassa, Chatham, Ont; Geo. Hemmeter, Saginaw, W. S.; 
Del M. Knlll. Port Huron; M. E. Pickens, Detroit; Archie 
Peasley, Port Huron; Arthur Royoe, Mecosta; James G. Strong, 
Detroit; Chas. W. Zlegler, Sajerinaw. W. S. 

The next meeting of the board will be held at Grand Rapids, 
:March 4 and 5, 1902. 



{From our Regular Cotreapondent.) 

Cincinnati, January 20.>-The Drug Clerks* Association of 
Ohio is a very lusty Infant organization. Though it is only a 
few months old, the membeiahip Is rapidly nearing the 500 
mark, and the ratio of Increase, though rapid, is steady and 
certain. The association has l^een organized with many ob- 
jects in view. The primary object, according to those engaged 
in fostering the organization, is to prevent the employment of 
young men who have had no previous knowledge of the drug 
business, and whose entrance into the business has resulted in 
a general reduction of salaries. The association will endeavor 
to procure employment for its members, and the social and 
intellectual advantages it can ofter are expected to aid In in- 
creasing the membership. Another aim of the association will 
be the intellectual and discriminating encouragement of the 
study of pharmacy and the encouragement of pharmaceutical 
organizations leading to a betterment of the science of phar- 
macy. The employment bureau will be the chief feature of 
the association when it is fully developed. The association 
wants to enroll among Its members every drug clerk of good 
character in the State of Ohio. The line is drawn at 
proprietors of pharmacies, of necessity, but the organizers 
feeling that an injustice would be done the workers in the 
ranks who should in time become employers, instead of em- 
ployees, the association has made provisions for these persons 
In the constitution. The first officers are: Fred. Scheibenzuber. 
president; Clifford J. Tranter, first vice-president; Edward A. 
Ohm, second vice-president; Harry J. Schmuelling, secretary 
and treasurer; William A. Mueller, chief of employment 
bureau. Regular meetings are held twice a month and elec- 
tions of officers semiannually. The annual dues are $3, with 
an initiation fee of $1. 

OOUNTT ASSOCIATIONS AFFILIATED WITH TUB K. A. R. D. 

. The following county associations of Ohio have become 
affiliated with the National Association of Retail Druggists: 
Seneca, Wyandotte, Sandusky. Ottawa, Wood, Champaign, 
Logan, Union, Licking, Knox, Morrow, Jefferson, Harrison, 
Carroll, Tuscarowas, Musklnghum, Coshocton, Belmont, 
Perry, Morgan, and Noble, and more are being organized. 

INJURED BY ACID. 

A peculiar accident occun'ed in a Fourth street drug store 
last week that may result in a civil action for damages. The 
victim was Hibbenie Hoobeu. a comedian, who lives at 49 
Plum street. He had called at the store to purchase nitric 
acid, and the clerk In charge removed the bottle from an upper 
shelf and was shaking it violently to loosen the glass stopper, 
when the stopper flew out, and the acid was spattered in the 
face of the customer, who fell shrieking to the floor of the 
store. His face was badly burned by the acid, which did not. 
however, reach the eyes, and after his injuries had been tem- 
porarily dressed he was removed to the City Hospital for 
treatment. 

AOIINST SAUPLIXQ PATENT MEDICINES. 

P. A. Mandabach, president of the Ohio Institute of Phar- 
macy, of Columbus, is the author of a bill to prohibit the 
dangerous practice of distributing drug:s in the form of sam- 
ples. During the past year 17 accidents and 14 deaths 
have resulted from this method of advertising, in every case 
the victim being a child. The text of the measure follows: 

An act to prohibit the delivery or depositing of dmn, medicines, 
antiseptics, disinfectants and cosmetics either for internal or external 
use upon the premises of another. 

Section I. — Be It enacted by the General Assembly of the State of 
Ohio, That any person who shall, by himself, his servant or agent, or 
as the agent or servant of any other person. leave, throw or deposit, 
or have in his possession with Intent to leave, throw or deposit upon 
the doorstep or premises owned or occupied by another, or who shall 
deliver to any person or any child under fourteen years of age. any 
patent or proprietary medicine or any preparation, pill, tablet, powder, 
cosmetic, disinfectant or antiseptic, or any drug or medicine that cou- 
tains polHon or any ingredient that is deleterious to health, as a sample, 
or in any quantity whatever, for the purpose of advertising, shall be 
deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and sha!l be punished as provided for 
in Section III of this act. 

Sec. II. — The terms drug, medicine, patent or proprietary medicine, 
pill, tablet, powder, cosmetic, disinfectant or antiseptic, as naed in 
this act, iOiail include all remedies for Internal or external use either 
in package or bulk, sample, mixed or compounded. 

Sec. In. — Whoever violates the provisions of Section I of this act 
shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction shall be fined 
not exceeding one hundred dollars nor less than twenty-five dollars, or 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



59 



imprisoned not exceeding one hundred nor less than thirty days, 
or Doth, at the discretion of the conrt, for each and every Tlolatlon. 

Sec IV. — This act shall take effect and be In force ^ days after its 
passage. 

NEWS OF THE TRADE IN dNCINNATL 

Dr. R. H. .Weatherhead, who Is one of the most widely 
known druggists in the State, through his big establishment 
at Sixth and Vine streets, in Cincinnati, celebrated his sixtieth 
natal day last week with an elaborate dinner, attended by a 
large number of guests, at his handsome residence in Avon- 
dale. 

F. J. JBanta's chewing gum factory, at Lima, O., was de- 
stroyed by fire January 16. The fire is supposed to have been 
caused by an incendiary, as a man was seen entering the cellar 
with an armful of wood half an hour before the flames broke 
out. The loss is about $30,000. The Arm supplied several large 
wholesale drug houses with different brands of chewing gum. 

The Ohio Valley Chemical Company, of Cincinnati, were 
Incorporated at Columbus last week, with a capital stock of 
$10,000, by Ephraim R. Blaine, R. H. Wurlltzer, H. F. Wur- 
litzer, J. E. Thompson and Wm. S. Little. Two of the in- 
corporators are well known advertising men, and the new 
firm win do a mall order and general manufacturing drug 
business. 

The next regular meeting for examinations by the Ohio 
Board of Pharmacy will not be held at Columbus until June 
14 and 15. Application may be received any time before thai 
date, but must be on file before June 9. It is believed that there 
will be an extraordinarily large number of applicants this 
year, though the nature of the examinations is steadily be- 
coming more stringent. 

The Steln-Yogeler Wholesale Drug Company have in con- 
templation extensive improvements to their Sixth street ware- 
house and retail department, which will be undertaken In the 
early spring. An option has just been secured on two pieces 
of private residence property, adjoining their building on the 
east, and it is proposed to erect a five-story building, to cost 
$50,000, for which architects are preparing plans. 

The members of the Kentucky State Board of Pharmacy, 
which was in session at Newport, across the river from Cin- 
cinnati, last week, concluded their session at the Burnet 
House, Cincinnati, and announced that the next meeting would 
be held In Ijouisville in April. Among the most prominent 
members in attendance were Addison Dimmitt, of Louisville; 
J. W. Gale, of Frankfort, and John E. Storms, of Lexington. 

John 6. Fratz, a well-known druggist, at Kenyon avenue 
and Baymiller street is defendant in a civil suit brought by 
his sister, Marie H. Fratz, who charges that he has failed to 
properly account to her, as guardian, for the estate left by 
her father, a pioneer druggist. Miss Fratz charges that ac- 
cording to his last report, the form of assets has changed, and 
that he had not on band $3,2S8.83, as the report shows. She 
asks for an opening of the account and judgment. 

John Keeshan, said to be the oldest druggist in Cincinnati, 
who was recently compelled to abandon his old location at 
Sixth and Walnut streets for smaller quarters in the same 
neighborhood, has confessed judgment for $440 in favor of 
the Wolff estate and Daniel Wolff, owner of his store, for un- 
paid rent .Mr. Keeshan^s attorneys assert that the confession 
of judgment does not mean that he is insolvent by any means, 
but is merely made as a matter of court record. 

The first business failure of the new year in Cincinnati was 
that of a druggist, Henry Wrede, who was one of the pioneer 
retail apothecaries of the city. For many years he was in 
business at Everett street and Freeman aveiue, and was at 
one time considered wealthy. His business decreased in ratio 
with the development of active competition In the neighbor- 
hood, and he was finally forced to the wall, with assets of 
$1,000 and the amount of his debts not appraised. 

George W! Gale, the dmggist at Fifth and Sycamore 
streets, had an unusual experience with a thief last week. 
For weeks Gale has suffered from systematic visits by the 
thief, who took small sums of money and inexpensive drugs 
and sundries. Several traps neatly 9et failed of their purpose, 
and finally Gale determined to establish a personal watch. It 
was about midnight when he saw the front door open, the 
thief admitting himself with a duplicate key. The man went 
at once to the money drawer and Gale promptly grappled with 
him, at the same time recognljslng his visitor as the son of a 
wealthy and respectable suburban family. A hand-to-hand 
fight followed, but the man finally broke loose, before the ar- 
rival of a policeman for whom Gale had telephoned as soon as 
he heard the man fumbling at the door, and escaped. Because 
of the man's family Mr. Gale decided not to press the matter 
any further, satisfied that the thefts would not continue. 



MICHIGAR 



Offioen of Parke, Davis & Co. Re-elected— Tlie Retatlefi Elect 
I— A Bottk of Pnd. Novy'i New Germidde Fxplodcs« 



{From our Regular Correspondent,) 

Detroit, January 20.— Once again the men who are con- 
ducting the great drug firm of Parke, Davis & Co. have met 
and elected otticers for another year. The reports at this an- 
nual meeting showed that the concern were in excellent con- 
dition, and more improvements to the already extensive plant 
are being considered. 

The following is the list of officers: Theodore D. Buhl, pres- 
ident; David G. Whitney, vice-president; William M. Warren» 
general manager; Henry A. Wetzel, secretary; John H. Smed- 
ley, treasurer. Directors: Truman H. Newberry, E. G. Swift, 
William M. Warren, Theodore D. Buhl, David C. Whitney, 
Henry A. Wetzel, John H. Smedley. 

A P. D. MABBIAGK. 

There is quite a sprinkling of romance in the engagement 
of Miss M&ry Shaughnessy and Leon C. Fink, both of Detroit 
Mr. Fink is assistant superintendent of Parke, Davis & Co.*s 
plant, secretary of the Board of Control and chief of the com- 
pany's crack fire brigade. He has been with the company 
for twenty-two years, and it need not be said that he is a 
popular man. Miss Shaughnessy has been in the employ of 
the company for a long time and has superintended the work 
of 300 girls in the finishing room. An attachment grew up 
between the young man and woman, and the marriage, which 
will occur shortly, is only the consummation of courtship of 
months— yes, years. 

THB DBTKOIT RETAIL DRUOOISTS* ASSOCIATION 

has elected the following officers for the ensuing year: Presi- 
dent, W. G. Leacock, with Webb, Third avenue; vice-president, 
A. P. Young, with Burke, Grand River avenue; second vice- 
president, F. B. North, with Parke, Davis &, Co.; secretary, 
J. P. Toomey, with Diedrich, McDougall avenue; financial sec- 
retary, V. J. Teyhonohy, with W^alker, Woodward avenue; 
treasurer, W. J. Longstaff, with Hall, Girswold street. The 
organization is in good condition, both in membership and 
financially. 

PBOF. KOVT'S OKBMICIDB EXPLOSIVE. 

Pharmacists are interested in the case of Dr. A. R. Mc- 
Cracken, of Detroit, who may lose the sight of one eye as the 
result of an explosion of a bottle of Prof. Novy's receiht germi- 
cide discovery. While the doctor was experimenting the bot- 
tle exploded and a piece of glass penetrated one of the doctor's 
eyes. The surprise is in the fact that it was not believed that 
the drug would explode. 

DBUG GLEBES* ASSOCIATION HAS SUCCESSFUL MEETINGS. 

The Drug Clerks' Association of Michigan. has been enjoy- 
ing a pleasant series of winter meetings, and the novelty of 
having invited guests from the members of the medical fra- 
ternity has proved a success in every particular. At the last 
meeting Dr. Preston M. Hickey, of 82 West Adams avenue, 
read a splendid paper, his subject being The X-Ray, and his 
illustrations were the best ever shown to the druggists. At 
the present time the clerks are thinking of the annual elec- 
tion of officers, which will be held January 8 in the hall of 
the association, 80 Gratiot avenue. 

DRUG TRADE HEMS. 

Arthur H. Webber, of Cadillac, will assume the duties of 
his office as a member of the State Board of Pharmacy on 
New Year's Day. 

Even though the State Board did pass a bunch of young 
men and a young woman, registered drug clerks are a scarce 
article in Detroit 

The new scientific laboratory at the plant of Parke, Davis 
^ Co. is about completed. Other smaller manufacturing build- 
ings will be erected shortly. 

The drug stock of W. H. Robinson, 1164 West Fort street^ 
has been transferred to C. S. Elliott, formerly with D. S. Hal- 
lock, 764 West Fort street. 

Bowling teams are getting to be the proper caper among 
the Detroit druggists and, in the big wholesale houses, a num- 
ber of interesting games have been bowled. 

Since the purchase of the stock of goods and physicians' 
supplies of the Seeley Pharmaceutical Company by W. H. 
Burke & Co. the firm have been known as the Central Vtuk 
Company. 



6o 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



ILLINOIS. 

A Shorter Houfs Movement In Chicago —Women ai PhyildauiB — 
TcJepfionc Qufgci Reduced by Law— A Shake-Up in Phar- 
macy Expected— Officen of the Board of Pharmacy* 



{Frtnn our Regvlar Correspondent.) 

Ciiicago, January 20.— Ohicago drug clerks are making a 
systematic, businesslike effort to secure shorter hours. They 
are willing to work 140 hours every two weeks, which would 
hardly be called " shorter *' hours in otiier linea They have 
secured the co-operation of the Chicago Association of Retail 
Druggists, and it seems likely that the movement will succeed. 
The clerks have started the agitation with the following ob- 
jects in view: 

Maximum amount of work to be 140 hours every two weeks. 

Sleeping back of the store to be prohibited, or else to have 
inspection regarding sanitary conditions provided for. 

Minimum salary scale for assistant and full registered men. 
(Probably 960 for assistants and $75 for B. P's). 

It is the intention to secure le^slation with the foregoing 
ends in view, and committees from the Drug Clerks' Associa- 
tion and the 0. R. D. A. will work together in framing the 
bill which the Assembly will be asked to pass. S. T. Hart and 
Secretary C. A. Ullman, of the clerks' organization, spoke at 
the last meeting of the 0. R. D. A., and the druggists voiced 
no opposition to what they had to say regarding Ihe clerks' 
needs. It was decided to appoint a committee to act with the 
clerks, and it seems certain that the clerks will finally be suc- 
cessful. In his speech before the druggists Mr. Hart called 
attention to the things which the clerks believed should be 
rectified. He said the clerks were suffering injustice in many 
instances, but that they were anxious to have a satisfactory 
arrangement and united action instead of trying to force a 
bill through the Assembly themselves. Other meetings are to 
take place soon and committees will be appointed, so that it 
seems reasonably certain that action will be taken before long. 

WOMEN AS PHYSICIANS. 

James H. Raymond, one of the trustees of the Northwest- 
em University School of Medicine, in explaining the reason 
for the discontinuance of the coeducational featpre of that 
school, said: 

'* It is impossible to make a doctor of a woman. Women 
cannot grasp the chemical and pharmaceutical work, the in- 
tricacies of surgery, or the minute work of dissecting. At our 
women's medical department we do not get as high a class of 
scholarship as is set by other colleges in Northwestern Uni- 
versity." 

Mr. Raymond probably wishes ho hadn't, for there has been 
a perfect flood of Indignant protests rained on him by women 
and those interested in the advancement of the " cause of 
woman." 

A DECISION IN THE TELEPHONE MATTER. 

As a result of the decision of Judge Guley to the effect that 
$125 shall be the maximum charge for telephones, the City 
Council has issued an order to Corporation Council Walker to 
draft an ordinance fixing the charge at this amount. Judge 
Guley held that the amount paid in excess of $125 a year 
could be recovered by the customer. This amounts to about 
$2,000,000. The court granted the prayer for a preliminary 
restraining order preventing the telephone company from col- 
lecting the extra $50. The company always pleaded that they 
could not supply 'phones at $125, the rate they accepted with the 
ordinance, which gave them the right to operate in Chicago, be- 
cause instruments had been greatly improved, the copper metal- 
lic double circuit now being in use. On this point Judge Ouley 
said: 

** The defendants' answer clearly shows the inadequacy and 
inefllciency of the 'old service for the changed conditions of 
affairs." 

The suit was brought by the Illinois Manufacturers' Asso- 
ciation. City Electrician Ellicott has prepared a table show- 
ing that only one other city. New York, has a higher telephone 
rate than Chicago. Mr. Ellicott says there shoud be an in- 
stallation charge and a uniform charge for each message. It 
is not entirely clear as yet whether the action of the judge and 
aldermen will have any effect on druggists' instruments. Al- 
most all the druggists have slot telephones, but if a new ordi- 
nance is drafted all Instruments may be affected by the pro- 
vision regarding an insitallation charge, and the rate might 
poRsibly be made greater or less than one dime for each call. 
The rate will, of course, have to be what the Council decides. 



If the rate is too low, the company might retaliate by putting 
back the old instruments first in use. 

PBSPARINO TO PBOSEOUTE PHARMACY LAW OFFENDERS. 

The prospects are that prosecutions on behalf of the State 
Board of Pharmacy will soon be pushed with thoroughness. The 
State's Attorney has asked for two more assistants and will be 
able, when his request is complied with, to give all Infractions 
of the law proper attention. The request was made to the 
county commissioners, who are asked to make an additloiial 
appropriation. This action was taken because of the recent 
ruling of the Attorney-General in regard to the Goyemor's 
right to appoint attorneys for various State Boards. The. 
boards which are affected are the State Board of Pharmacy, 
State Board of Health, State Board of Dental Examiners and 
State Board of Architects. 

A curious case came before Judge Dunne recently. It 
was charged that pharmacy certificate 8,182, issued in 1899 to 
Edward Csemiowski, had been rented to Karel Kvitk for $15 
a month. Kvitk admitted on the stand that the charge was 
true, and the certificate was ordered returned to the State 
Board of Pharmacy. It is charged that Kvitk used the certifi- 
cate in his business of fitting up drug stores and that he would 
loan it to customers until they were able to secure one. A 
curious feature of the case is the fact that Czemiowski is said 
to have died in 1898. 

OFFICERS OF THE BOARD. 

The state Board of Pharmacy has organized for 1902. as 
follows: 

President.~B. Schwartz, of Salem. 

Vice-President— H. Sohrbeck, of Moline. 

Treasurer.— W. Bodemann, Chicago. 

Secretary.— L. J. Hoy, Woodstock. 

Mr. Bodemann was elected treasurer for the third time. At 
the last examination the following were granted certificates as 
registered pharmacists: 

Chas. H. Althoff, M. J. Bericskowski, Peter Czaja, Albert A. 
Eberlein, Eugene H. Haines, Harry L. Hull, W. T. Isted, Stan- 
ley J. Jerusal, Frank P. Sanderson, Paul G. Stahlfeld, Clinton 
K. Sherman, Joseph Swanson, J. Earl Taylor, Winfield S. Clax- 
ton, F. D. Grifllths, Adolph W. Henke, Edgar Roberts. 

These will receive certificates as assistant pharmacists: 
George N. Gouy, John R. Neal, Jr. 

The next regular examination will take place in Chicago. 
February 11. The next apprentice meeting is scheduled for 
February 7. 

A STUDENT BMOEER. 

A notable affair took place at the Chicago office of Parke. 
Davis & Co., 44 Frankllh street, on the night of January 18, 
when 350 members of the graduating classes of Northwestern 
University Medical School and the College of Physicians and 
Surgeons were entertained at a joint smoker. Prominent mem- 
bers of the faculties of both schools took turns in telling the 
young men stories of the humorous side of a physician's life 
and reminiscences of their early years. Among those who told 
stories were Drs. J. B. Murphy, L. Blake Baldwin, A. R. Ed- 
wards^ G. Frank Lydston, W. E. Schroeder, W. S. Christopher. 
Joseph Zelsler, F. X. Walls, W. A. Evans and H. P. Hendricks. 

Press Woodruff got off a number of jokes and clever sayings. 
The Parke-Davis Orchestra furnished the music. During the 
intervals between story telling and music the students from 
the two colleges indulged in a contest with the object, ap- 
parently, of seeing which crowd could deliver its college yell 
with the greatest vigor. 



<i 



WHY WE WERE PLACED ON THE CUT-OFF LIST. 



M 



Robert Stevenson & Co. have issued a circular under the 
above heading, which reads as follows: " It appears that our 
floor salesman took a few C.O.D. orders from a small dealer, 
I. N. Empie, Seventy-first street, Chicago, whose name was on 
the list of advertised cutters, but had escaped the attention of 
our City Department The total sales to this party was less 
than $50. We have not sold a dollar's worth of goods to State 
street cutters or elsewhere except in the instance above dted. 
The circular sent out by the association is misleading and con- 
veys the impression that we wilfully violated our obligations 
to stand by the tripartite plan, which is not the case. It is 
well known that we have steadfastly refused to sell cutters 
anywhere, for many years, to whom we could have sold 
thousands of dollars annually. We have not changed our 
policy of protecting the retailer and are wrongfully accused, 
as you will learn in due time." 

CHICAGO NfiVS NOTES. 

N. R. Stewart, who has been manager of the Venetian 
building store of Gale & Block! for several years, is about to 
open a new stove at 76 Dearborn street, in the Unity building. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND 

A. W. Adamlck has purchased the store of Lada^ P. Ohen^sr 
at 237 North Clarke street. 

The Plaza Pharmacy Company, of Chicago, have taken cot 
incorporation papers. The incorporators are Fritz Goetz, B. D. 
Oarter and W. S. Dillon. 

As the result of ill health, Mr. Dewey has retired from tho 
Arm of Pomeroy, Dewey & Co., at Sixty-flfth street and Went- 
worth avenue. 

F. A. Dmehl, of Druehl & Franklin, druggists at Salt Lake 
ijiij, was In Chicago recently to att^id the funeral of his 
mother. 

Bmll Thlele, who already owns several stores, will open a 
new one at Sixty-third street and Lexingrton avenue as soon 
as a building now going up on that comer is finished. 

The Veteran Druggists' Association at its next meeting will 
listen to a paper on one of the old time drug firms, to be read 
by Albert B. Hunt. 

Dr. J. G. Craig Is going to put $10,000 Into a store at Fifty- 
ninth and Halsted streets. He will have an office upstairs 
where he will carry on his practice. 

C. F. Schmerker, who had a store at Twenty-second and 
State streets, went out of business suddenly January 7. Sev- 
eral wholesalers say they have cause to regret his action. 

The Clarke Helme Loomis Advertising Company have been 
incorporated with a capital of $40,000. This is the concern 
who get out the local organ of the N. A. B. D. The incor- 
porators are Clarke Helme Loomis, G. H. Bunge, F. W. Sayers. 

The Hfiyden Mining & Milling Company have changed their 
oame to the Hayden Chemical Company. The company will 
hereafter manufacture chemicals, medicines and fruit bever- 
JLges. 

The Dr. Auld Medical Company, which will deal in drugs 
.and medicines in Chicago, has Just been incorporated. The 
<;apital stock is |10,000 and the incorporators are Isaddre 
LAsker, J. C. Wilson and William Slack. 

Walter M. SempiU, the veteran druggist. Is ill at his home. 
fi. H. Sargent, another of the old timers, who has been ailing, 
is much better. James S. Barclay, of Oak Park, formerly 
president of the Veteran Druggists* Association, is very low. 

Members of the Committee on National Legislation of the 
American Pharmaceutical Association assert that a bill will 
«oon be introduced into Congress providing that the hospital 
stewards (pharmacists) of the marine hospital service be al- 
lowed the rank of second lieutenant. 

The Chicago Drug Trade Club gave a most enjoyable enter- 
tainment on the night of January 16. There was a reception 
and muslcale In the club rooms, and the members were there 
in force. There was a humorous reading by H. A. Antram 
and an address by George P. Bngelhard. 

Ezra C. Fahmey, vice-president of the Dr. Peter Fahmey & 
Sons Company, a corporation capitalized at $8,000,000, and 
engaged in the manufacture of patent medicines, will not have 
to pay a claim for $110,000 made against him by William J. 
Kelly, of Arkansas. The litigation has been going on for three 
years, and has been ended by the action of Judge Kohlsaat, 
who has overruled a motion for a new trial. 

Bdwin O. Gale, of the firm of Gale & Blocki, haa Just fin- 
ished a history of Chicago which will be put into the pub- 
iishers' hands within a short time. Mr. Gale is one of Chi- 
cago's pioneer druggists, and has always made it a point to 
gather historical information. It was only lately, however, 
that he decided to give out his vast store of facts. Albert B. 
Bbert, his brother historian, has read the manuscript, and says 
the book will be the most interesting volume of the sort to be 
bad. 

WESTERN NEWS ITEMS. 

DeHa A. Day has purchasedthe A. B. Arnold store, at Mar- 
risoBTlUe, III Mr. Arnold died recently. 

Dr. H. F. Leedom has succeeded Leedom & Don at Morocco, 
Ind. 

Carl H. Nelson has purchased the store of W. H. Thorp, at 
Dowagiac, Mich. 

At Bagle Grove, Iowa, A. E. Minzer has retired, and the 
store is now being run by Miller & Crumrine. 

L. B. Bachelle has succeeded Rudolph Bachelle at 75 Bast 
Forty-third street. 

Edward Flagg, who recently sold his store at Hoopeston, 
111., has moved to Westfield, 111., where he has opened a store. 

H. S. TerwilUger has bought an interest in the store of C. 
H. IIoflTman at Hoopeston, 111. 



PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 

MISSOURI. 



6i 



Jobbers Make Concessioas to RetaiUn— Moving for Better Pay in 
the Marine HoipiUl Service— Banquet of the Drag derks. 

{Frwn our Regular Correspondent.) 

St Louis, January 21.— Every druggist in the city has re- 
ceived a copy of the following circular letter from the local 
wholesale drug firms. It practically explains itself: 

St. Louis^ January 14, 1002. 
To the Retail DrqgglBts of St. Louis and vicinity. 

Gentlemen : We, aa the result of negotiations had with your com- 
mittee^ hereby amend our circular letter to the trade of June 29, 1901, 
as is set forth In the following correspondence, which we kindly ask 
you to take notice of: _ ^^^^ 

St. Louxs^ January 7, 1902. 

Mr! a'SfMBBBBii, } Committee, St. Louis, Mo. 

Gentlemen: We' have carefully considered the request you made of 
ua in Mhalf of the retail druggisU of St Louis and vicUiltv to modify 
the arrangements as to the return of containers and the rate of 
caiOi discount, and we beg to say that it afCords us pleasure to amend 
our circular of June 29, 1901, as follows : . . ^ ^^ 

Containers will be received for* credit by the house from which they 
were purchased, if In good condition, credit being based upon a dis- 
count of 20 per cent, less than the amount charged for such containers. 
This being your proposal. 

Beginning with purchases of January, 1902, our caah discount will 
be IH per cent, when bUls are paid prior to the lOth of the month fol- 
lowing date of purchase. 

No cash discount will be allowed after the lOth of the month. 
In meeting the wishes of our retail friends, we ask in return their 
cordial co-operation to maintain In their Integrity the principles of the 
N. A. R. D. and N. W. D. A. . - ^ . ^ 

will you communicate this decision to every member of the trade, 
or rtiall we do so? . ^ ^ . ^ 

Your prompt reply will very much oblige us, and with best wishes, 
we are, 

Very truly yours, 

MBYBB BROTHERS DRUG CO. 

Per C. W. Wall, Treasurer. 
J. S. MBRRBLL DRUG CO. 

Per C. P. Walbrldge, President. 
MOFFITT-WBBT DRUG TO. 

Per C. H. West. Secretary. 
St. Louis, January 8, 1902. 



1 



MEYER BROTHERS DRUG CO. 
MBRRELL DRUG CO. \Citj, 

MOPFITT-W^ST DRUG CO. 

Gentlemen: Yours of the 7th Inst, received, and on behalf of the 
Committee I wish to thank you very kindly for the Interest taken In 
our behalf In allowing 1^ per cent, discount on purchases if paid be- 
fore the lOth of the month following date of purchase, also 20 per cent, 
discount from price (diarged on empty containers when returned In as 
good condition as when received. 

You will kindly notify the retail druggists of the city of the action 
taken by the wholesale druggists. 

Thanking you again for your prompt action, I am. 

Very truly, A. NAY. 

While we feel that the changes made In our circular letter of June 
29, 1001, were fully Justified by the conditions exIstlAg. yet desiring to 
do everything possible to please you, it affords us pleasure to meet 
your views aa expressed by your committee. 
With best wishes. 

Very truly yours, 

MEYER BROTHERS DRUG CO. 
J. 8. MERRELL DRUG CO. 
MOPFITT-WB8T DRUG CO. 

TO PROMOTE PHA.R1IACISTS IN THE U. S. MARINE HOSPITAL 

SERVICE. 

Copies of an amendment to the " Health Service " bill have 
been sent to every druggist in the city, and the great majority 
of them are using their infiuence upon their representatives In 
Congress to secure its passage. The amendment provides for 
an Increase in the rank and pay of the pharmacists in what is 
now known as the U. S. Marine Hospital Service, but which It 
is proposed to call the United States Health Service. 

THE SATURDAY NIGHT CLUB 

The St Louis RetaU Druggists' Saturday Night Club have 
elected the following officers for the ensuing year: President, 
J. M. Good; vice-president, Dr. A. J. Bnderle; secretary, 0. D. 
Merrem; treasurer, A. J. Davenport They have decided to 
hold their meetings in future on the second Tuesday forenoon 
at the Mercantile Club. 

THE ANNUAL BANQUET OF THE ST. LOUIS DRUG CLERKS* 

SOCIETY 

was held at the West End Hotel on the night of January 16. 
There were about fifty present O. F. C. Bausch acted as 
toastmaster. It was a stag temperance affair, but highly en- 
joyed by all present. There were no regular toasts on the pro- 
gramme, but nearly every one present was called upon by the 
toastmaster. Besides the faculty of the St. Louis College of 
Pharmacy, there were present representatives from each of 
the local wholesale drug houses. 



62 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



S6e Drug and Chemical Market 

The prices quoted in this report are thoee current in the wholesale raerket, and higher prices are paid for retail lots. 

The quality of goods frequently necessitates a wide range of prices. 




Condition of Trade. , 

New York, January 25, 1902. 

ALTHOUGH most dealers continue to pursue a cau- 
tious policy in regard to buying, and this, coupled 
with an almost entire absence of speculative interest, gives 
to the market a quiet and tame appearance, jobbing or- 
ders continue in fair receipt, and reports from travelers 
indicate an early revival of business. The orders which 
are coming in through travelers from interior points in- 
dicate a fairly general activity, and the market situation 
on the whole is considered satisfactory. Few fresh fea- 
tures of interest have developed during the interval, such 
fluctuations in prices as have come to the surface since 
our last being comparatively unimportant, save, perhaps, 
in one or two instances. Opium continues weak and un- 
settled and is fractionally lower, while quinine remains 
quiet but steady. The price of salol has been reduced 
by manufacturers, and lithium carbonate and citrate have 
further declined. Cocaine continues very irregular, and 
reports are current that the inside quotation is being 
shaded by manufacturers, lending some demoralization 
to the market. The continued scarcity of Calabar bean 
has served to further stiffen values on this article and its 
derivative eserine ; and the same may be said of jaborandi. 
The hypophosphite salts are generally lower, the simple 
salts of potassium, sodium and calcium having declined 
Sc. The principafl changes of the fortnight are included 
in the following table : 



HIGHBR. 

Spirits turpentine, 
Sodium phosphate. 
Calabar beans, 
Juniper berries. 
Gum guaiac, 
Ck)lch!cnm corm, 
Gum beniEoin, 
Buchu leaves, long, 
Pilocarpine muriate, 
Stillingia root, 
Rumex root. 
Oil pennyroyal, 
Coca leaves. 
Quince seed. 



LOWER. 

Opium, 

Salol, 

Lithium carbonate. 

Lithium citrate, 

Golchicum seed. 

Cocaine muriate, 

podium salicylate. 

Sodium benzoate, 

Hypophosphite salts, 

Messina essences. 

Ipecac root. 

Belladonna leaves, 

Ergot, 

Camphor oil. 

Anise oil. 

Salicylic acid, 

Cardamoms, decorticated, 

Golden seal root, 

Jalap, 

Bleaching powder, 

Quicksilver. 

DRUGS. 

Alcohol is without Important change. The demand has con- 
tinued moderately active at previous prices, or, say, |2.55 to 
$2.57, as to quantity, less the usual rebate; wood held at 60c 
to 65c for 95 and 97 per cent 

Barks.— There has been no movement of consequence 
in the various lines of druggists* barks, and prices generally 
are without quotable change. Elm continues scarce, and for 
the limited supply available 15c is asked. Wild cherry is still 
wanted and values are well sustained at the range of 6c to 
15c, as to quality and quantity. 

Belladonna leaves continue scarce and in demand, but prices 
have not further advanced, sales being made at our quotations, 
or. say, 14c to 16c. 



Buchu leaves, long, are in very limited supply, and for the 
small quantity available up to 65c is asked, though a firm 
bid on a quantity offer might be accepted at a shade under 
this; short is in more liberal supply, and values are less firm, 
though no price changes are to be noted. 

Cacao butter Is slightly firmer, as the result of the recent 
auction sale at Amsterdam, but only a moderate Jobbing busi- 
ness is reported, at the range of d2%c to 33c for bulk and 3dc 
to 40c for 12-lb. boxes. 

Calabar bean continues to show an upward tendency, owing 
to scarcity, and holders do not now offer under 20c, which ia- 
said to be below the cost to import. 

Cocaine muriate is weak and unsettled, owing to keen com- 
petition among manufacturers, who are naming prices in in- 
stances below the established quotation, and we hear of par- 
cels changing hands during the interval down to $4.30, though 
$4.50 to 14.60 is generally quoted. 

Cod liver oil, Norwegian, continues steady upon spot, and 
the demand is of seasonable proportions; quoted ^1.50 ta 
$25.50, as to brand and quantity. 

Cubeb berries are not taken with any interest, but the ab- 
sence of demand has not infiuenced holders to urge the dis- 
tribution, and prices are as previously quoted, or. say, 10c to 
lie for whole, and 13c to 16c for powdered. 

Damlana leaves are scarce and wanted, and the inside quo- 
tation has been advanced to 9^^, with 10c generally asked. 

Ergot has remained quiet, and holders are disposed to offer 
more freely at a decline from previous prices, or, say, 39c to 41c 
for German, and 42c to 45c for Spanish. 

Guarana is in limited stock, and such sales as are making 
are at 75c. 

Jaborandi leaves continue to show an advancing tendency, 
though prices are not quotably higher, 12c to 15c being asked a» 
to quality. 

Juniper berries have developed some scarcity, and holders 
of prime quality have advanced quotations to 3c to 8%c, and we 
hear of numerous sales at this range. 

Lithia carbonate reflects the influence of continued keen 
competition among manufacturers, and we hear of some sale» 
down to $1.50, though the ordinary jobbing demand is being 
met at $1.85 to $2.00. 

Lycopodium is receiving more attention, and holders are 
flrmer In their views with little now offering below 51c for un- 
marked. 

Manna has remained in flrm position, and prices are well 
maintained at the previous range, or, say, at 80c to 85c for larj^e 
flake, and 33c to 37c for small; sorts is almost out of market. 

Menthol is inactive, and in the absence of important de- 
mand, the market is nominally quiet at $4.10 to $4.15. 

Opium continues extremely dull, and prices are again frac- 
tionally lower. A fair jobbing demand is reported, but inquiry 
for case lots is practically suspended. Importers are evincing 
more of a disposition to urge sales; and $3.00 is now named aa 
inside. For broken lots the quotation of the market is $3.02^ 
to $3.05, while powdered is held at $3.80 to $3.35, and a 
moderate jobbing business Is reported at this flgure. 

Quinine has met with about the usual sale during the inter- 
val, and a slightly flrmer feeling is manifested on the part of 
holders, owing to the receipt of stronger cable advices from 
Amsterdam. The market is said to be steady, with no defi- 
nite tendency manifested in either an upward or a downward 
direction. The trade are not purchasing in quantities much in 
excess of jobbing orders, but less reserve in bnylng has been 
shown since the bark sale at Amsterdam on the 23d inst, at 
which the price of bark was fairly well maintained, the de- 
cline which was expected only amounting to al>out V,^ per 
cent. Large bulk from manufacturers has sold during the 
interval at 27c to 30c, while German In second hands has l>een 
offering for sale at 26c to 26^c, on a parity with Java. 

Rochelle salt is being urged for sale in some quarters^ and 
more or less competition exists, with the result that recent 
transactions have been at a decline from previous prices, or, 
say, 16c to IGV^c. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



63 



Salol prices have been reduced by manufacturers to the 
range of |1^ to $1.30. as to quantity; ounce packages are 
quoted at $1.86, less a rebate of 5c per lb. on lots of 25 lbs. 
and 10c per lb. on lots of 100 lbs. 

Sodium salicylate is lower, in sympathy with the decline in 
the price of acid, and sales in a large way are now making al 
85c to 40c 

Thymol continues somewhat in*egular and unsettled. De- 
spite adyices from abroad reporting scarcity of ajowan seed, 
the crude material, prices are nominally lower, the wide range 
of $2.90 to $8.15 being quoted. 

Vanilla beans have been in moderately active demand, but 
Importers are meeting the wants of the trade at prices within 
our quotations, or, say, $(i.75 to $11.00 for whole Mexican, $51M) 
to $6.25 for cut and $3.00 to $6.75 for Bourbon. 

CHEMICALS. 

Alum has sold well in a jobbing way of late, and the de- 
mand for consumption continues good, with prices well main- 
tained at $1.75 to $1.80 for lump, and $1.80 to $1.85 for ground. 

Benzoic acid, synthetic, is offering a shade lower in quantity 
lots, 36V^ being now named; for broken packages up to 40c is 
«till named. 

Bleaching powder has come to hand in liberal quantity dur- 
ing the interval, and under the influence of freer offerings 
there are sellers of casks at $1.37% to $1.75 for English, Ger- 
man R at $1.90 to $2.00 and Continental at $1.90 to $1.95 per 
luindred lbs. 

Blue vitriol continues unsettled in sympathy with the metal, 
and values are barely steady at the recent decline to 4^ to 
4%c. 

Brimstone, crude seconds, remains quiet with spot and near- 
by parcels quoted at $24.00; forward shipments can be con- 
tracted for at $23.50. 

Carbolic acid is given very little attention at the moment, 
and prices for drums are a shade lower, 17c to 18c being 
named for crystals; lb-bottles are unchanged at 23c to 24c. 

Chlorate of potash is fairly well sustained at the range of 
8c to 8%c for domestic, and lOV^ to 1094c for foreign crystals, 
as to quantity; foreign powders held at 8%c to 9c. A moderate 
demand is experienced. 

Citric acid remains seasonably quiet, and the bulk of the 
sales are from second hand, who quote 33c to 33!4c for barrels 
and kegs respectively. 

Cream of tartar is passing out fairly in a Jobbing way at 
regular manufacturers' quotations, or, say, 19c to 19V^. A 
good consuming demand is also reported. 

Salicylic add has shown a weaker tendency during the in- 
terval, and manufacturers have announced a decline in quota- 
tions to 34c to 36c, as to quantity. The salts of this acid are 
correspondingly lower, sodium being quoted at 36c to 38c. 

Tartaric acid from second hands is obtainable a shade be- 
low loading manufacturers* quotations, 28c to 2Sl^ for pow- 
dered. The market for this article is a trifle unsettled, and it 
Is Intimated that prices are being cut In some quarters. 

ESSENTIAL OILS. 

Anise is a shade easier, and the market Is weak at $1.20 to 
$1.25. 

Bergnmot has declined to $1.80 to $1.90; Jobbing sales only 
are reported. 

Camphor Is lower. Sc now being quoted as the inside price 
l>y most holders. 

Caraway is firmer iu sympathy with the seed, but sales are 
making at the range of $1.00 to $1.20. 

Cassia has not changed in the interval, but the market 
lacks strength at 70c to 75c for 75 to 80 per cent. 

Clove is advancing Into stronger statistical position, and an 
early advance is looked for. 

Lemon is lower, with the other Messina essences, the de- 
cline being attributed to the arrival of new crop of oil. and the 
revised quotation Is 80c to 85c. 

I^mongrass is tending upward, and up to $3.00 is now 
named for redistilled. 

Myrbane is easier. 7^;o to Sc and SU»c to 9c being ndw named 
for drums and cans respectively. 



Orange has declined to $1.40 to $1.45, on account of recent 
arrivals. 

Pennyroyal has been in steady moderate demand since our 
last, and there appears to be some paucity of stock, giving the 
market an upward tendency. At the close $1.25 was named as 
an inside quotation. 

Peppermint is maintained in firm position, with a good 
Inquiry, Westei-n in tins being quoted at $1.80 to $1.90, and 
New York in tins and cases at $1.80 to $1.90 and $2.00 to $2.15, 
respectively. 

Saffrol has receded to 34c to 36c, the quotation from first 
hand. 

Sassafras is maintained steadily at 38c to 40c, as to qual- 
ity; artificial is a shade lower and offers at 27c to 28c. 

GUlffS. 

We have no large transactions or important price changes 
to note in this department. Only a small Jobbing trade is be- 
ing done in the various lines of mucilaginous gums, but prices 
are generally well sustained on all varieties. Benzoin, Sumatra, 
Is a shade higher in consequence of increased demand and re- 
stricted stocks, 80c being now named as inside. Gualac is 
scarce and prices have advanced 5c, the revised range being 
25c to 80c, as to quality. Gamboge is tending higher, the last 
open quotation being 57%c to 60c for pipe and 55c for blocks. 

' ROOTS, 

Althea, cut, continues very scarce, and holders generally 
are firmer in their view:s, at an advance to 25c. 

Colchicum is reported scarce at primary sources, and hold- 
ers here are quoting at an advance to 9c to 9V^ for conn. 

Gentian is firmer in the face of stronger advices from 
abroad, but quotations are nominally unchanged, there being 
yet an absence of important demand. 

Golden Seal is in better supply and ordinary grades offer 
at 48c to 50c, as to quality and quantity. 

Ipecac has sold indifferently during the interval, and hold- 
ers are showing some disposition to urge their goods by mak- 
ing price concessions. We quote the range as follows: Bio, 
$2.60 to $2.70; Carthagena, $1.42% to $1.47^^. 

Jalap offers more freely at a decline to 12c to 13c for whole 
and 17c to 18c for powdered. 

Rumex (yellow dock) is in less abundant supply, and hold- 
ers have advanced their inside quotation to 8c. 

Sarsaparilla, Mexican, Is meeting with a fair Jobbing In- 
quiry, with the sales reported at 7c. 

Senega quotations have been generally revised to agree with 
the range of quality now offering; dark root held at 50c and 
choice at 54c, with several large transactions reported at these 
iigures. 

Stilllngia Is scarce and wanted, and recent sales have been 
at 9c. 



Little of Interest has transpired in this department since 
our last, and the conditions are practically unchanged, so far 
as demand and prices are concerned. Colchicum has eased off 
a trifle, and is now held at 40c, while prime red German quince 
has advanced to 40c to 42c, and Russian quince to 38c, owing 
to scarcity both here and abroad. 



War in the Winidow Glass Trade* 

A conference was held at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, In this 
city, on January 23, between the Window Glass Jobbers' As- 
sociation, the American Window Glass Company, and the 
Federation of Co-operative Window Glass Companies, of 
Muncie, Ind. As one result 500,000 boxes of glass were sold 
to the Jobbers for $1,500,000, which was considered to be a re- 
markable low figure. 

There is every reason ifi believe that a war of prices Is im- 
pending In the business. The principal circumstance upon 
which this belief Is founded Is that the Independent Glass 
Company of the United States were not represented at the 
meeting, the attendance at which comprised about twenty, 
who were there in the Interests of the manufacturers, the 
others being from the Jobbers' Association. 

Prices made on the sales were based upon the manufactur- 
ers' list of January 1, 1901, and were computed from the quo- 
tations which it gave, as follows: Single strength, 89.02H per 
cent.; double strength, ^.05 per cent. 



64 AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND 

THE KNIGHTS OF THE ROAD. 

Net«a of the Tr«.val*ra Ckught on tlw Fly. 



PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



Chlcigo.— A sew man him beeo put on by Puke, DaTlfl ft 
(^. to cover tlie subarbao dlBtrlct la the rlclnl^ of Chicago. 
Tbe newcomer Is W. H. Rammage. to whom bat beeo asiignetf 
a Inrfce territory. 

T^ J. McDonald 1b at tbe home office of Wm. B. Wamer * 
Co., " posting up " preparatory to gathering In orders during 
the coming season. 

O. W. St. Clair and Alex. Harris, of Johnson & Johnson, 
have Just returned from a trip to tbe East. At the meeUog of 
Bolemen at the factory, nil reported excellent bueioees during 
the laet year. 

C. M. Wilkinson hna been assigned territory in Central and 
Ksfltem Illinois by Morrison. Plumaier & Co. The chang« 
wns made because of a rearrangement of routes. 



J. D. Sipp on January 1 became sales agent for the Duroy 
A Haines Company, of Sandnsky, O., with headquarters at 
1 and S Park row, New York City. Mr. Slpp la a naUve of 
Brooklyn and received bla education In that city. He went to 
IllinolB Id 1883 and tn 1891 opened a retail drug store In Blver- 
side, a suburb of Chicago. His health breaking down, in 1896 
be went with Obas. Tmax, Qreeue & Co. as local buyer for 
two years, and then went on the road for A. R. Bremer Com- 
pany and introduced Coke's Dandruff Cure from New York 
to Virginia, making his beadquai-tere In New York and Baltl- 
more. Mr. Sipp will cover the whole territory from New York 
to New Orleans east of tbe Blue Ridge Mountains, introducing 
the soda fountain supplies and wires of the Duroy & Haines 
Company, of Sandnsky, O. 

Boston,— Dr. Paul Plessner, represenUng the Trommer Malt 
Company, Fremont, Ohio, was in town recently. He was glT- 
Ing the trade pointers in his specialty. 

C. C. Church has been looking after the -Interests of Fair- 
child Bros. Si Foster, New York City. He reported a good 
bnainees. 

Buffalo.— The holiday season Is fully over, and the traveling 
salesman Is again as DUtnerous as before. Yonng ft Smylle 
send to BufTalo, as an occasional visitor, Louie Austin, who 
knows bow to make tbe most of their specialties. 

One of tbe traveling representatives of Parke, Davis & Co., 
C. J. A. Fltitslmmons, stopped off fn Buffalo this month and 
sold a lot of the crude drugs that the firm are noted for. 

G. A. Fuller, who scatters the Ed. Pinaud perfumes wher 
ever be goes, and Is ns popular as the goods themselves, was 
In the city after the middle of the month at bis old vocation. 

The Gold Queen's advance agent Is tbe title given himself 
by A. E. Allbright, lately In Buffalo, looking after tbe best In- 
terents of the Tbeo. Rlckaecker Company. 

Frank L. Williams, who comes to BufFalo with a full Hat of 
the goofis of the Tyer Rublwr Company, of Andover, Mass., 
gave up part of the last half of the month to tbia center. 

One of the regulars In the drug traveling trade Is E. M. 
Wtllaey, representative of the Albany Chemical Company, who 
lately gave us his usual call with the naual satisfactory re- 
sults. 

Not an every day visitor, bnt a welcome one alt the same, Is 
8. H. Greenbnrg. who has lately sold his cnstomary amount of 
goods for J. Ellwood Lee Company, of Consbolincken. Pa. 

Wayte A. Kn.vnionrt. ever welcome representative of Alfred 



A Cnide Dru; Citalosuc 

Parke, Davis & Co. have Introduced an Interesting Innova- 
tion in tbe line of catalogue publications. Tbey have issued 
a handsome little catalogue and price-list devoted entirely to 
their Importing department, probably the first booklet ever 
devoted exclusively to crude drugs. Tbe catalogue Is also pro- 
fusely Ulnstrated with half-tones of the drugs In their orlginat 
packages, the majority of the illustrations being exact repro- 
dnctlons from photographs. Gums, Insect powders and san- 
dalwood logs are sbown as they leave the vessel's cargo, and 
an interesting photograph of tJie methods of dryliq; rbnbart» 
In China Is also given. 



They I^ Tluii Own CapsuLs. 

Clump & Llnnlg, of Lexington avenue and Seventy-si xtb 
street. New York, writing to the Nuns Capsule Compa&7, De- 
troit, Mich., under date of December 28, 1901, says: " We here- 
by beg to acknowledge the receipt of tbe 4-10 M racks you s» 
kindly sent ns, for which please accept otir thanks. As to giv- 
ing you a testimonial, we don't know whether we can say any 
more In the testimonial line, except that we use a large quan- 
tity of your Empty Elastic Capsules and that we like then* 
very much. We make all of our own capsules, such as Sandal- 
wood, Wlntergreen Oil, Creosote, etc., and we find them very 
satisfactory." 

The Proof of the Puddine, Etc 

The old familiar adage, " The proof of the pudding is In the 
eating of It." Is especially applicable to every day bnslneaa 
life. The druggists reallEe that the best and purest soda water 
Is not always drawn from the handsomest marble or onyx 
fonntain. Quite frequently the fountain that presents a band* 
some exterior is reeking with germs and filth Inside. The 
syrup containers are often covered with slime and dirt, and 
Hffonl convenient lodging places for germ life of every descrip- 
tion, which may contaminate the soda water. 

The Twentieth Century Sanitary Fountain, manufactured 
by the L. A. Becker Company, Chicogo, Is a marvel of elegance 
and attractiveness, and gives proof of the cleanliness of all 
soda drawn from it, by having all syrups In glass-stoppered 
bottles In plain view of tbe public, entirely separate from the 
Ice chambers or fountain proper. The Twentieth GenttuT 
Sanitary Fountain Is modem, durable and elegant, and Is 
claimed by the makers to be the only perfectly sanitary 
fountain on the market. 

It is claimed tor the Cincinnati College of Pharmacy that It 
Is tbe best equipped Institution of Its kind In the Dnited 
States, and photographs of Its laboratories and lecture rooms 
prove that the assertion Is not lightly made. With unsur- 
passed laboratories and radlltles It would be hard to Improve 
upon, the college claims that it gives the best course in phar- 
macy otTered by any pharmaoal teaching school. There are 
no charges for apparatus or material, and the Board of Phar- 
macy records show that Us graduates make the highest aver- 
ages. For further particulars Intending students should write 
to C. T. I'. Fennel, actuary, mentioning the Auzrican Dbco- 



Unmlstakable evidence of tbe growing popularity of Hart'* 
Swedish Asthma Cure is fonnd in the fact that the proprietors 
have been compelled by the demand for the remedy amonc 
German speaking people to print tlie label with directlona In 
German ax well ns tn Kii^'IIhIi, 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST 

and PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD 



NEW YORK AND CHICAGO, FEBRUARY ro. 1902. 



ISSUXD Sna-MOIITBLT BT 

AMERICAN DRUGGIST PUBLISHING CO„ 

OMS Wbr Bboaswat, Mbw Tobk. 

Tthfktm, 4470 Oort/anM. Cabl9 aMiwft: ** MmiruggM, Nnt fork," ABO •§«•. 

A. R. RLUOTT, President. 
OAfiWXLL A. MAYO, PIlO Editor. 

THOMAS J. KEENAN; Uo. Phar Aasodirte Editor. 

Chicago Offloe. VI Bandolph Street. 
■OMAINK PIEB80N ;..... .;..,i Manaser. 

SuMGBipnoii Pbicb: 

Paid in adyanoe direct to tbia office $1JS0 

riorelgB Oouitriea 2.80 

Sobacriptlona maj beffin at any time. 



A RICE MEMORIAL FUND. 



ADTSBunixe aATM quoTiD oa aptuoatioii. 



Ten AmDUOAM Dauoeurr axd Phabmaobutigal Bboobd ie ianiad on the 
second and fourth Mondays of each month. Changes of adverUsemeats 
shoold be reoeiired ten days in advance of the date of publicatton. 

Bemittances should be teaide by New York exchange, post oflloe or express 
mcmeiy order or registered maiL If checks on local banks are used 10 cents 
sboald be added to corer cost of ooUeetion. The publishers are not respoo* 
sible for nMmey sent by unregistered mail, nor for any money paid except to 
duly aothoilBed agents. All communications should be addressed and all 
remtttanees made payable to American Druggist Pnbhsbing Co., M 08 West 
Broadway* New York. 



table of contents. 

Bditobxals 65, 

PBISB B88AY : 

What is the Best Method of Filing PrescripUons, by Bndle 
Bmnor, Phar.D. 67 

OVB BmMClXBBBB' DI8CT788XOX8. — ^THB CABB OF PBIICBIPTIOVS : 

Filing In Drawers, by Wm. 8. Tunnel 68 

CoBTCBlenee of the Shannon File, by Frank Warner 68 

A Box Afraagement, by Wm. Mlttelbach. , • 

A Strong File, by J. Maxwell Pringle 

Pasting in a Scrap-book, by S. A. D. Sheppard 70 

SVOBB Makaobicbbt : 

1\> Insure Promptness In Bxecuting and, DellTerlng Orders. ... 72 
DBti«oi8T9' C0UB8B IN Optics ! 

Hie PliyBlology of Vision 78 

Obxoiiial Communications : 

Proceedings of a Pharmaceutical Conrentlon 74 

Cbbam of Cubbbnt Litbratubb : 

Pharmaceutical Apprenticeship Before or After the College 
Course? Vanillin and Vanilla, New Suppositories with a 
Paraffin and Lanolin Base 76 

Deeompositlon of Salt Codfish : The Determination of Sudi De- 
composition In Its First Stage, Plant Analysis, A Handy 
Testing Closet, Chronological Account of Important Dates 
Connected with Pharmacy, Logical AdTertislng, Special Sales 
as a Means of Advertising 76 

QUBBIB8 AND Answbrs : 

Counter Prescribing, Herb Tea, Powders for Staining Wood, 
Blue Show Globe Fluid, Manufacturers of SilTsr Polish, 

Metric and Apothecaries* Weights, Tooth WaA 77 

Interchange of Board Licenses 78 

COBBBSPONDENCB : 

Tlie Misuse of Drug Journals 78 

Book Rbvibwb : 

Bogus Hollow. 78 

Pharmaceutlscher Kaleader 70 

BuaiNBBS Building 70 

NBW8 or thb Drug World 80-04 



AT the suggestion of several friends and admirers of 
the late Dr. Charles Rice, the American Druggist 
has opened a subscription list toward the erection of a 
suitable monument over the grave of the late revered 
chairman of the Committee on Revision of the United 
States Pharmacopoeia. Partictdars regarding the Memo- 
rial Fund are given in our news columns. It may, how- 
ever, be well to emphasize here the statement that any 
donations contributed to the American Druggist Funi> 
will be eventually deposited with the Committee on Re- 
vision of the United States Pharmacopceia, which ha» 
started a similar movement among its own members, but 
is at the same time desirous of giving every one who cares 
to participate an opportunity of doing so. 

It is no exaggeraticm to say that the eminent prestige 
which the Pharmacopoeia of the United States enjoys 
among the pharmacopoeias of all nations is prindpaUy 
owing to the unselfish and patient scientific work of the 
man whose memory we would seek to keep green by the 
erection of a simple slab or memorial shaft over the place 
where his earthly remains rest, and we are sure that the 
response to our appeal for funds will be immediate and 
liberal. 

Since the labors of Dr. Rice were for the good of the 
many his monument should represent the contributions 
of the many, and small contributions from the rank and 
file of the profession would therefore be most appropriate. 



THE FILING OF PRESCRIPTIONS. 

ELSEWHERE in this issue we publish the prize paper 
in our first series of Subscribers' Discussions. The 
paper is an answer to the question, What is the Best. 
Method of Filing Prescriptions ? and the prize of $10.00 
has been awarded to the writer, Emile Brunor, Phar.D., 
of New York. It is a novel and entirely modem method 
of prescription filing which Dr. Brunor describes, and 
perhaps the best system we have yet seen suggested. 
The box form of prescription file is a favorite one with 
many pharmacists, and Dr. Brunor's idea of pasting the 
prescriptions on cards of uniform size seems to remove 
the last objection to this method of filing. It avoids one 
of the chief objections to the box file — namely, the soiling 
and mutilation of the prescription by frequent handling. 
The card file protects the prescription from wear and 
tear, and the cards on which the prescriptions are pasted 
being of uniform size allows of their systematic filing 
without the aid of strings, covers or other bunching de- 
vices, besides allowing easy access to the prescriptions. 



66 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



and keeping one prescription only in view while a " re- 
peat " is being dispensed ; while at the same time enabling 
two or more clerks to work on nearby numbers without 
interfering with each other. As was announced in our 
issue for December 23, 190I1 it is our intention, in addi- 
tion to publishing the successful essay, to publish the 
substance of such of the other answers submitted as seem 
to us most likely to prove interesting to our readers, and 
in accordance with this we print several contributions to 
the discussion which were deemed worthy of publication, 
though unsuccessful as prize winners. 

Lest some of our readers may have overlooked the 
announcement of the second question of the series in the 
previous issue, we now repeat it, and invite a general par- 
ticipation on the part of our subscribers. The second 
question is : What is the Best Method of EncapstdcUing 
Liquid Drugs? As was pointed out before, this question 
is designed to draw out information of a practical charac- 
ter bearing on the treatment of liquid drugs of a volatile 
nature to permit of dispensing them in hard gelatine 
capsules. We then suggested that the chief points for 
consideration might be : The treatment of the hard gela- 
tine capsule to receive the unmixed volatile fluid — e. g,, 
creosote ; the massing of the volatile fluid with a suitable 
absorbent substance; the manipulation of chemically in- 
compatible substances in order to prevent the decom- 
position of the mass before it is swallowed — e. g., ichthyol 
and magnesium carbonate; when massed, the handling 
of the mass and filling of the capsule; descriptions of 
instruments and appliances used in filling capsules. An- 
swers to this second question of the series are to be re- 
ceived not later than February 25, 1902. They should 
be addressed to The Editor, the American Druggist, 
62-68 West Broadway, New York. 



AN IMPORTANT ACQUISITION. 

THE library of the New York College of Pharmacy 
has just been enriched by the acquirement of one of 
the most important works of reference ever published, 
presented by George Massey, member of the Board of 
Trustees and of the Library Committee. The book, partly 
because of its costliness and partly because of the tech- 
nical nature of its subject, is rather rare. There are 
probably not more than ten copies, very likely not more 
than half of this number, in this city. For these reasons, 
although the book has been published for some years and 
is well known in botanical circles, some account of it will 
be of interest to many readers of the American Drug- 
gist and to visitors to the library. 

The work referred to is the Index Kewensis and its 
object is .the presentation, in alphabetical sequence, of 
every botanical name of a flowering plant ever published, 
together with a statement of the family relationships and 
a citation of the place of publication. Since these names 
number upward of a million and represent less than two 
hundred thousand species, it is clear that there are, upon 
an average, more than five names for each plant. There- 
fore it was necessary for the authors, in printing those 



names which they regarded as synonjons, to refer them, 
as equivalents, to those which they regarded as the appro- 
priate names. Unfortunately rules concerning the basis 
of selection among these synonyms differ and customs 
differ in their observance. Since the British custom, or, 
rather, usage, for it is notable for its want of consistency, 
is at variance with those of nearly all of the rest of the 
botanical world, this part of the book is of little use ex- 
cept to British botanical interests, though these are of 
enormous importance and influence. Fortunately, the 
records furnished enable the advocates of all systems to 
get their statements clear and to make their meaning 
intelligible to all others. 

Naturally, no amount of care upon the part of the 
authors could prevent occasional omissions, or even in- 
accuracies, though the latter are rare in the extreme. 
The work is so nearly complete that it becomes a very 
simple matter to make the necessary additions through 
the ordinary channels of botanical literature and to con- 
tinue the collation from the year 1895, when the book 
was published. 

The work constitutes a large quarto of 1268 pages, the 
margins closely trimmed, printed in three columns in 
fine type. The copy now in the possession of the New 
York College of Pharmacy is bound in two parts, though 
it is the usual custom to bind it in four. 

Those who are familiar with the cost of printing can 
realize the expensiveness of such a work, even from a 
purely mechanical standpoint, after all the highly ex- 
pensive cost of authorship is eliminated. The work never 
could have been published upon an ordinary business 
basis, and it is due to the liberality of Charles Darwin, 
who supplied the money, and of the Kew authorities, who 
supplied the services of the talented and specially fitted 
author, B. Daydon Jackson, and a corps of assistants, 
that its publication at a nominal cost of about $60.00 was 
made possible. The New York College of Pharmacy 
is clearly to be congratulated on this most recent acquisi- 
tion to its already extensive library. 



OUR CREAM OF CURRENT LITERATURE. 



OUR readers will have noticed a recent addition to the 
number of journals abstracted in our department 
of Cream of Current Literature — ^the Russian pharma- 
ceutical journal, Farmaizevtitchesky Journal. This is the 
leading pharmaceutical weekly in Russia and is now in 
the fortieth year of its existence. It is the ofiicial organ 
of the Imperial Pharmaceutical Society, of St. Peters- 
burg, and was formerly published in German as Die 
Pharmaceutische Zeitschrift fUr Russland, under which 
name it was well known to some American pharmacists. 
In this department we have been publishing abstracts 
of the original articles published in the German, French, 
Italian and Dutch pharmaceutical journals, and we glad- 
ly seized the opportunity of adding a representative Rus- 
sian journal to the list of periodicals regularly reviewed. 
This is but a step toward the goal of making this depart- 
ment the most complete of its kind. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



«7 



Our Subscribers' Discussions. 



A SERIES OF MONTHLYTPRIZE ESSAYS. 

Quesfions/or discussions in this department are announced once 
a month. The time allowed for manuscripts sent in answer to the 
first question; " What is the Best Method of Filing Prescrip- 
tions T" expired on Tuesday, fanuary 31. The number 0/ replie 
received to this question was gratifyingly large, and the papers are 
distinguished by a high order of merit, the prize-winner possess- 
ing exceptional features of novelty. 

We will now announce the second question of the series. It is 
this: 
II — What is tbe Best Method of Eacapsulatins 
Liquid Dnirs? 

This subject is one of peculiar interest at the present time, in 
view of the frequency with which liquid preparations of a volatile 
nature are prescribed in capsule form, and we may suggest that 
the chief points for consideration might be : The treatment of the 
hard gelatine capsule to receive the unmixed volatile fluid— e. g., 
creosote ; the massing of the volatile fluid with a suitable absorbent 
substance; the manipulation of chemically incompatible substances 
in order to prevent the decomposition of the mass before it is 
swallowed— e. g„ ichlhyol and magnesium carbonate; when 
massed, the handling of the mass and filling of the capsule ; de- 
scriptions of instruments and appliances used in filling capsules, etc. 

Whoever among our subscribers answers the above question in 
tha manner most {satisfactory to the editor and his advisers will 
receive apprize of $10. No imporiance whatever will be attached 
to literary style, but the award will be based solely on the value of 
the substance of the answer. We shall publish the substance of such 
of the answers as seem to us most likely to prove interesting to our 
readers, and we reserve the right to publish any of the answers as 
original communications. 

Answers to the second question of the series are to be received 
not later than February 2$. 1903 They should be addressed to 
The Editor, the American Druggist, 62-68 West Broadway, 
New York. 

Only subscribers to the Auerican Druggist will be entitled 
to compete. This prize will not be awarded to any one person 
more than once within one year. Every answer must be accom- 
panied by the writer's full name and address, both of which we 
must be at liberiy to publish^ 

The prite of $to for the best essay submitted this month has 
been awarded to Emile Brunor, J^ar. D. , New York, whose paper 
appears below. 

PRIZE ESSAY NO. L 

▼bat U the Bat Method of TViaz Pfcicriptioiu ? 
By Ehilb Bbdhob. Phak. D,, 

New York. 

OF the many systems for filing prescriptions there is 
none so cumbersome and disagreeable as the book 
file. Its faults are obvious to every user, but there is 
hardly a druggist who has not used it at one time or 
another, its use on account of routine being almost uni- 
versal. Where the pharmacist does a good prescription 
business these books accumulate very rapidly, since only 
500 to 1,000 prescriptions can be safely filed in each book. 
To point out the main objection to this system, let 
us suppose that clerk No. i is putting up prescription 
No. 5,509, and that at the same time clerk No, 2 wishes 
to compound prescription No. 5,530, which is located a 
few pages after the first prescription, and both are re- 
quired at once. The result will be that the book is planked 



on the prescription counter, with two clerks looking dag- 
gers at each other when one or the other turns to his 
place in the book ; and when the T^ needs checking then 
one clerk must wait till the other is ready. Of course, 
when two prescriptions are contained in separate books, 
this is not likely to. happen, but think of the desk or table 
space taken up by two large folios wide opened ! In the 
meantime the prescriptions become soiled by contact, as 
the two pages usually contain anywhere from 10 to 20 
prescriptions. The constant opening of the heavy pre- 
scription books, too, cracks the binding, starts the leaves 
and gradually loosens the pages. 

The only system that should appeal to the up-to-date 
pharmacist is the card system. 

This is a system of the utmost simplicity, and where 
it is to be introduced the following plan is suggested : 

Procure i,ooa 4 x 5 or 4 x 6 perforated cards and an 
iron document box fitted with a movable rod. Paste each 
prescription on a card as it is received, and if a triplicate 



check system is used, paste the first check with custwner's 
name, address and price on the left hand top comer of 
the prescription; then, if it is desired to jot down any 
remarks on the prescription, such as price on 2 X,^ weight 
of mass, size of capsule, shape of pill, make used, etc., 
they may be noted in the space underneath the check. 
After filling the prescription orders are placed on an ordi- 
nary stick file until the next morning, when they are put 
away in a box. The box is fitted with a wooden block 
for keeping the cards flat, as they are apt to curl when 
freshly pasted with ordinary label paste. Time and a 
little pressure straightens them so that they take up little 
space. 

The ease with which a prescription may be repeated 
using this system can be easily demonstrated. One sim- 
ply thumbs over the cards to the right number, pulls out 
the card, places it on the counter where it is not in the way, 
and then compounds the prescription independently and 
individually. When the prescription is made up the card 
containing the prescription order is again placed on file 
and recorded as repeated. 

It is well to note any change of address on repetitions, 
as the address feature may at times pay for the whole 
outfit. If it is desired to send circulars to prospective 
< Doable qnantlty. 



^8 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



customers in the neighborood, these addresses are worth 
5 to 10 dollars a thousand, that being the amount very 
often paid for the names of bona fide drug consumers. 
These names are of people who have confidence in the 
sender, and advertising sent in this way is sure to bring 
returns. When the druggist beccxnes thoroughly familiar 
with this system a handsome and durable card index cab- 
inet may be invested in. And the arrangement can be ex- 
hibited with advantage to physicians and customers, since 
such things reflect credit on the dispenser and are just 
as essential to a modem store as a complete stock. 

The card system is within the reach of all classes of 
pharmacists, whether they compotmd 5 or 500 prescrip- 
tions a day. The cost of cards is from 50 cents to $1.25 
per 1,000, according to quality and quantity, and the 
original outfit can be started in a wooden box made to 
fit the cards. 

nUNG IN DRAWERS. 

Wm. S. Funnel, of- Huntington, Long Island, N. Y., 
suggests the following as a good method: 

Select as a standard size the largest blank which comes 
in regularly, say, for example, 3 J^ by 5 inches ; smaller 
blanks work into the scheme all right, and larger ones are 
readily brought into shape by a little trinunihg and fold- 
ing. If the blanks are printed across the narrow end, odl 
the bottom the base ; if printed the long way of the blank, 
call the left-hand end the base. As the prescriptions come 
in, keep them temporarily on the prescription desk or 
counter in a spring clip. When fifty have accumulated, 
make them into a bunch with all the '* bases " at tfie bot- 
tom, and with one of the little devices which are well 
known, fasten the bunch with two wire staples, driven 



No Date. 

For 



Dr, 









> 



1^ 



.) 



(Base.) 



through about % inch from the bottom. Cut binders of 
very heavy manila paper, slightly larger than the standard 
blank, fasten over the bunches with a little paste at the 
base, and press even with a heavy weight. 

Mark the outside of the wrappers as follows: The 
front with the number of the last prescription in the 
bunch and the date of same, near the lower right-hand 
corner of the cover; the reverse side with the number 
of the first prescription in the bunch and its date, this side 
being marked with the bunch turned upside down, and 
the mark placed at the upper right-hand comer of the 
cover when in this position, as shown in the accompanying 
sketches. 

Provide drawers of a depth to accommodate the 



bunches when placed in vertically, say, 5>4 inches deep. 
Run thin partitions from front to back of these drawers, 
leaving between them a clear space of, say, 4 imches. Such 
drawers will hold a surprising number. 

On the top edge of the drawer front cut a little recess 



Top. 



OuUide of Cover. 
Front. 



100,000 
Jan, i, 1902 



99,9Sl 



Dee. $4, 1901 



Outeid€ of Cover, 
Back. 



Top. 



in front of each row of prescriptions into which a slip of 
card may be pressed, on which is written the first and last 
numbers of the prescriptions contained in that section. On 
the front of the drawer have a card or label showing the 
first and last numbers in the entire drawer. 

The advantages of this method are evident at a glance. 
First, though not most important, it is cheap, quick and 
simple ; then it preserves prescriptions in the smadlest pos- 
sible compass, there being nothing whatever besides the 
prescriptions themselves, except a thick paper binder for 
each fifty. Any prescription may be found with the great- 
est readiness and if necessary to carry it around, you 
have only a bunch of papers weighing less than two 
ounces to handle. One drawer 15 inches square inside 
will hold 10,000 prescriptions, and by using upright cab- 
inets of such drawers the system is capable of indefinite 
extension. 

CONVENIENCE OF THE SHANNON FILE. 

Frank Warner, of Ashland, Wis., says: 

Why waste tim^, and time is money, filing prescrip- 
tions by stringing on wire, pasting or cop3ring in books, 
fastening in blocks of 100, and putting away in " any old 
box" that will hold them. Does the progressive drug- 
gist do this with his letters and invoices ? No. He files 
them in a convenient receptacle made for that purpose. 
Why not treat prescriptions in the same way ? They are 
worth a hundred times more than are letters and invoices 
after being read or checked. 

Get a Shannon prescription file for about 50 cents, 
and as many prescription transfer cases, No. 25 holding 
500 each, costing $3.60 a dozen, as may be needed. All 
of us know how convenient sectional filing cabinets are 
to the busy office man. Proceed on the same plan. Make 
shelves to hold prescription files. Have a sectional pre- 
scription cabinet, and build up the space as needed. 

The handling of a prescription by this method is very 
simple. The file is- kept to the right of the label desk. 
After the prescription is put up and labeled, the com- 
pounder is within easy reach of the file, and the prescrip- 
tion is convenient if it is desired to refer to it before 500 
have accumulated. The " bunch " of 500 can be put in 
the transfer file, and corresponding numbers marked on 
the outside of the package in five minutes. It takes but 
a minute to have any of the prescriptions at hand on the 
prescription counter in case of a repeat, and back in place 






AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



69 



in another minute after the repeat has been filled. The 
prescriptims neither get soiled nor lost, and should it be 
wished to remove the original from the transfer file, it 
can be done as easily as from the original prescription file. 
This is not intended as an advertisement for the Shan- 
non file. Just a heart to heart talk from a druggist of 
nearly twenty years' experience, who is glad he adopted 
this method eight years ago, and feels like advising his 
brother druggists, " Go thou and do likewise." 

A BOX ARRANGEiyiENT* 

Wm. Mittelbach, of Boonville, Mo,, says: 
File the prescription, when first received, on an ordi- 
nary file, its is shown in Fig. i . When two hundred have 
been filed in this way take the papers off the file, arrange 
them neatly between two pieces of heavy White cardboard 
measuring 4x6 inches, taking care that they are placed 
in consecutive numerical order, and tie the bundle with 
a nice strong twine ; or, if preferred, small rubber bands 
may be used. This makes a neat, compact bundle of 





Z. 



/. 





^. 



Mlttelbac]i*8 Box Arrangement. 



200 prescriptions, easily accessible for any needed pur- 
pose. Now mark the top cardboard showing the numbers 
of the prescriptions in such package, as shown in Fig. 2. 
Next secure an empty wooden box of the kind in which 
Thomas sends out his prepared chalk ; clean it thorough- 
ly and paint the outside in some light color, preferably 
white. This box easily holds 6 packages of prescrip- 
tions as prepared above (Fig. 2), is of a handy size and 
readily obtainable in nearly all drug stores. Ntmiber 
the front of the box so as to show what numbers of 
prescriptions are contained in it, and attach a small pull 
of some kind to the front, as is shown in Fig. 3. We are 
now ready for the final disposition of the prescription. 
This is simply a collection of boxes of the kind described 
built into a compact case against the wall, or set out 
upon the floor, as shown in Fig. 4. The case might be 
built in under the counter, where it would be out of the 
way. 

The whole arrangement is simple and convenient 
and can be readily made by any one. 

A STRING FILE. 

/. Maxwell Pringle, Jr,, of Netv York, contributes 
the following: 

For the first or temporary file use a brass paper file 
which has the sharp stem running through a close fitting 
detachable tube, extending about an inch above the top. 
A stiff piece of cardboard, 6x4 inches in size, should 
rest on the base of the file with the stem through its cen- 
ter. This makes a firm platform for the prescription 
papers to rest upon. 

Number the prescriptions in the upper right hand 
corner as the papers face you with their lengrths running: 



from left to right. Place them on the temporary file in 
the same position, pierced as nearly in the center as pos- 
sible. The average blank is about 5^ by 3>4 inches, and 
where larger they are readily folded or cut to the average 
size. The smaller ones are held in place on the file by 
the larger ones. Start right by placing the paper straight 
on the temporary file. It's just as easy as slopping them 
on any which way. 

The permanent file is designed to hold two thousand 
prescription ^papers. It requires the following articles : 

Two pieces of sole leather, having rounded comers 
and measuring 7x5 inches, are perforated in the center 
by a 1-16 inch hole; two pieces of smooth cardboard, 
measuring 6x4 inches, are treated in the same way. 
Two and a half yards of linen cord, 1-16 inch in diameter, 
thoroughly waxed, complete the equipment. The perma- 
nent file is made with two pieces of leather, one for the 
back and one for the front with their smooth sides out, 
the inner rough surface of the leather being lined with 
smooth cardboard. They are connected by running the 
cord through the center holes and knotting several times 
on the outside of the back leather to keep it from pulling 
through. 

The method of using is to take the papers from the 
temporary file as they accumulate by pulling off the de- 
tachable tube on which they are filed. Remove the front 
leather and cardboard from the permanent file, and then 
run the cord through the tube f romthe bottom ; now push 
the paper off the tube onto the cord and up to the card- 
board lining of the back leather, or to the papers which 
have been previously filed. Then take the tube off the 
string, replace the front cardboard and leather, push up 
tight to the paper, wrap securely with cord and secure 
with a half hitch. 

The prescription numbers contained on the file are 
indicated on the front leather with ink. 

The temporary file should be of the best quality, with 
brass stem and tube. They can be bought for twenty-five 
cents and one will last for years. 

The sole leather should not be of the best quality, but 
ordinary, because the best is too stiff and the cheaper 
g^rade is pliable and strong enough for the purpose. 
Pieces of leather of the kind described can be bought 
from the leather binders for ten cents a piece, when taken 
by the dozen. The linen cord can ^be bought of fishing 
tackle dealers at the price of 25c. for a hank of forty or 
fifty feet. 

The advantages of this file are convenience and safety 
of reference and saving of cost and timei The prices of 
the different articles have been given, and it will be seen 
that the cost of a permanent file is less than twenty-five 
cents for one to hold two thousand papers. 

The saving in time is almost too great for computation. 
It takes only a few minutes to transfer any quantity of 
papers from the temporary to the permanent file. It tiJces 
only a moment to slip the half-hitch, pull the front leather 
bade, and glance along the upper right hand comer, which 
at once gives the location erf the desired paper. 

Perhaps the greatest advantage consists in the safety 
of the file in compounding. When the desired prescrip- 
tion is found the papers in front are pulled forward so 
as to give the cord a little slack. The back number? con- 
taining the desired prescription are then tumed up so 
that the one original prescription only is in view, and it 
is impossible for the eye to glance inadvertently from 
one to another and cause mistakes, which sometimes have 
occurred in the use of books containing several prescrip- 
tions on a page. 

We have used these files for ten years, and the original 
files are in perfect condition, we having never lost a paper 
from them. 



70 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



I first saw this plan^used in the store of L. A. Podol- 
ski, of Philadelphia, where it has been in use for twenty- 
five years, but have never seen it advocated anywhere 
else, and I trust that some of your readers may find it 
worthy of a trial. 

PASTING IN A SCRAP BOOK. 

, S. A.D, S hep par d, of Boston, writes: 

In regard to the question, What is the Best Method 
of Filing Physicians' Prescriptions ? I am reminded of 
the definitions given to the words orthodoxy and hetero- 
doxy, the former being'" my doxy," and the latter, " the 
other man's doxy." Each of us is prejudiced in favor of 
his own old custom. Take my own case, for instance. For 
forty-three years I have been pasting the original pre- 
scriptions into large scrap books made for the purpose, and 
to me there seems to be no other proper method. I have 
the original prescription always in good shape for refer- 
ence, and in several cases during my business experience 
this has proved to me a valuable fact, serving to prove 
my case correct, in spite of the memory of the physician. 



NEW REMEDIES OF I90I. 



BELOW is a list of the more promising of the new 
remedies introduced during the past year. The 
claims of the introducers are set forth without indorse- 
ment by this journal. The references given are to earlier 
numbers of the American Druggist : 

Abroma Auirastifolium. The fresh sap of an East Indian 
tree, Olnt Kombool, used in the treatment of dysmenorrhcea. 

Acopyrln, phenyldlmetliylpyrazolon acetylsalicylate, is a 
white crystalline powder. It Is administered as an antipyretic 
in acute muscnlar rheumatism In doses of half a gram six 
times per day, and also In headache, migraine, etc. zxxix, 316. 

Adrenalin is the active principle of the suprarenal capsule. 
It appears fu commerce in the form of a solution of adrenalin 
chloride, as a cl^ar, odorless liquid, of a slight saline taste. 
xxxix, 857. 

Agurln, acet-theobromine-sodium. A white hygroscopic 
powder, freely soluble in water, giving an alkaline reaction. 
Incompatible with acids. Solutions should be freshly pre- 
pared. Dose seven to fifteen grains for adults, three to four 
times dally. Agurln is a reliable, safe and non-irritating 
diuretic, increasing not only the amount of urine, but also the 
elimination of its solid ingredients, especially urea, phos- 
phates and chlorides. It does not disturb the digestive organs, 
and is said not to irritate the urinary tract It does 
not affect the nervous system, and is devoid of any depressing 
action upon the heart and circulation. The diuretic effect is 
often prolonged over a number of days after its administration 
is discontinued. It is recommended in dropsical effusions in 
general. Agurln may be administered in solution in some aro- 
matic water, or in wafers or capsules. To be kept in a dry 
and cool place and protected from air. It Is made by the 
Farbenfabrlken of Klberfeld. xxxix, 349. 

Albargin (Qelatose-Silver). An antiseptic, germicide and 
antigonorrheal remedy, containing 16 per cent, of silver, twice 
the amount of any other silver proteld. The gelatose molecule 
is very much smaller than is that of albumin, and this fact al- 
lows of a more ready and thorough penetration of the tissues. 
Because of the greater silver strength, a lesser percentage so- 
lution is needed to destroy the various forms of bacteria, 0.1 
to 1.0 per cent, being used, according to indications. This fact 
very materially lessens the cost of treatment also, a not un- 
important Item. Albargin is not precipitated from solutions 
by hydrochloric acid, sodium chloride solution, nor does it 
coagulate albumin, thus building an impossible barrier to the 
antiseptic virtues of silver. This product seems to possess all 
the requirements of an ideal antiseptic for the treatment of 
gonorrhea, eye and ear conditions, as well as throat effections 
where a remedy of this character is indicated. Victor Koechl 
& Co., of New York, are agents for the remedy, xxxviii, 827. 

Alboferrin is a preparation of iron and albumen, which has 



been recommended for those purposes for which iron Is gen- 
erally used. 

Amyl salicylate is the salicylic ester of amyl alcohol, and 
has been recommended in the treatment of acute rheumatic 
affections. It is used both internally and as an external ap- 
iHication. xxxviii, 327. 

Anffiniin. Solution of iron peptone. Tonic. 

Alpha-eunol, alpha-naphthol and eucalyptol, antiseptic, etc. 

Anonacein is an alkaloid derived from the fruit of xylopia 
sethlopica. 

Anozol is a mixture of ten parts of trional and ninety parts 
of iodoform. Do not confound with anusol, a proprietary sup- 
pository, xxxviii, 0. 

Antiarthrln is a preparation composed of equal parts of 
sallcln and saligenin tannate. 

Antiepileptlc serum is a serum prepared by the Jenner In- 
stitute, of London, and recommended for the treatment of 
epilepsy in dogs. 

Antypyrlne sallcylacctate. See Tyrosal. 

Antitussln YerwelJ is a syrup recommended for whooping 
cough, similar to the pertussin of Taeschner. 

Antisputol is the name of a disinfecting powder Intended for 
use in cuspidors. It is claimed that the po'W'der will destroy 
all germs which are likely to be present in a cuspidor, and 
thus keep the cuspidor In an aseptic condition. The preparatioxi 
is marketed by G. Hell & Co., Troppau, Germany. 

Apallagin is the mercurial salt of nosophen (tetroiodophenol 
phthaleln), which is recommended as an antiseptic, xxxix, 
386. 

Aphthenol is a prophylactic against mouth and foot disease. 
Administration of a few tablespoonfuls of this preparation 
to an animal is said to protect the healthy animal from an at- 
tack of the disease. 

Arsenic-salicyl-cannabis-plaster mull consists as its name 
indicates of a plaster mull containing arsenous acid, extract 
of cannabis, and salicylic acid. It Is recommended as a top- 
ical application in the treatment of carcinoma and of cancer- 
ous growths generally. 

Arsycodlle, is a cacodyl preparation, which has been recom- 
mended in neurasthenia, skin diseases, malaria and diabetes* 
It is put up in two forms— namely, as pills, and as a subcutane- 
ous injection. 

Artemassin pills have been recommended for the treatment 
of chlorosis and anaemia. They contain ferrous oxalate, arte- 
misln and quassin. 

Bismutol, or Bismatal, a mixture of sodium salicylate and 
soluble bismuth phosphate recommended as an antiseptic. 

Bismutose. This is a new albuminous compound of bis- 
muth, containing about 22 per cent of the metal and 66 per 
cent, of albumin. It is a white, fine, odorless and tasteless 
powder which becomes slate-colored on exposure to light It 
is Insoluble in water and other solvents; partly soluble in di- 
lute acids with heat, easily soluble in alkalies. It is said to 
reach the lowest parts of the bowels without much decomposi- 
tion by the Intestinal juices. The doses are: For Infants, " a 
pinch " several times daily. In children, % to 1 teaspoonful 
3 or 4 times a day. In adults, larger doses. In mineral water, 
honey, etc. It may also be administered In a starch-enema. 

Boliformln is a veterinary preparation, which is claimed to 
have a drying and healing effect upon wounds. It occurs as a 
grayish-white powder, with a faint odor of formaldehyde. It 
is a compound of formaldehyde and aluminum silicate. 

Borogen is boric add ethylester, which has been recom- 
mended as a disinfectant of the respiratory organs by Inhala- 
tion. 

Brannolin is a traumatic remedy, composed of tincture of 
arnica, tallow, wax, oil, spermaceti and extract of myrrh. 

Bromopan is the name given to a preparation which is in- 
tended to introduce bromine through the medium of bread 
rolls. It is recommended in the treatment of epilepsy. 

Galcinol is calcium lodate, which has been recommended 
as an antiseptic, particularly as a gastro-intestlnal antiseptic. 
It is both odorless and tasteless, and is proposed as a substitute 
for iodoform. 

. Calcium glycero-araenate. This is an easily absorbed and 
reliable arsenic preparation. It is given by the mouth In 
doses, beginning with 0.01 gram, xxxix, 43. 

Calcium lodate. See Calcinol. 

Calmine, which is put up in both powder and tablet form, 
consists of a mixture of antlpyrin and heroin, and Is used In the 
treatment of whooping cough. 

Camphoric-add Phenetidid. See Phenetidid. 

Camphidon and camphidin are products which are expected 
to prove useful In pharmacy on account of the fact that their 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



71 



action resembles that of camphor. They are made by Boeh- 
ringer & Roehne. 

Ginnamyl-caoodylic acid. The same therapeutic properties 
and doses as the caecodylates. 

Cereyislne. Desiccated yeast; recommended for the treat- 
ment of boils, etc. 

Chloromethyl-menthyl ether. See Forman. xxxiz, 386. 
Chloropepsold. A remedy for gastric disturbances general- 
ly. 

Chrysolein Is n preparation of sodium fluoride, of French 
origin. 

Ghuchuarin is an alkaloid prepared from Senecarpus ana- 
cardia, which is highly recommended as an aphrodisiac. 

Cinchona elixir. Haosman has given the name Fortlfled 
<TerBt2lrktes) Cinchona Blixlr to an aromatic tincture of 
cinchona, to which glycerophosphoric add and tincture of 
nuz vomica have been added. 

Cinchonlne sulphocreosotate. Antipyretic and prophylactic 
for malaria. 

Cinamyl-cseodylic add. Similar in use, properties and 
dosage to the cseodytates generally. 

Contrayerva, or Dortensla Brasiliensis. Tonic and dia- 
phontic. Dose as a tonic, 30 grains; as a diaphoretic, 1 to 2 
drachms dally. 

Collfetina Is the name given by a Vienna manufacturer to 
his rubber plasters. 

Colyticine. Antiseptic, disinfectant and parasiticide. 

Gorpulln. Tablete said to contain extract of bladder wrack, 
tamarinds and cascara sagrada. 

Cutamelhyl. An antiphlogistic for local application. 

Derival is a specially proposed for the cure of rheuma- 
tism, and is manufactured by the " Janus *' Chemical Institute, 
Berlin. It is said to be composed of spirit of mustard, am- 
monia and oil of turpentine. 

Dortensla Brasiliensis. See Contrayerva. 

Dermosapol is a superfatted soap intended for use as a me- 
dium for the application of external remedies. 

Dermozon is a toilet cream made of oxygenated lanolin 
cream. It Is made by Radlauer. 

Didymium salicylate. See Dymal. 
DIthan. Trlonal. 

Dymal, prlndpally didymium salicylate, occurs as a fine 
odorless powder, used either as a dusting powder, or in 10 per 
cent, lanolin salve; antiseptic, xxxlx, 75. 

Erosln is a resinous extract from Chadamlcum luteum. It 
is recommended ns a sedative and dluretie, and also as a 
anthelmintic. 

Ethylol is chemically pure ethyl chloride, which has been 
recommended as a local anaesthetic. 

Eubiose is a concentrated hremotogen free from glycerin, 
and rendered permanent by a treatment with carbon dioxide. 
S7. 

Ethylendiamin carbonate is employed as a solvent of uric 
add. It is prepared by E. Scherlng, of Berlin, by passing car- 
bon dioxide through a 20 per cent, alcoholic solution of ethylen- 
diamin,. and, after cooling and shaking, collecting the crystals 
upon a filter, washing in alcohol and drying in the air. 

Euguform, acetylated methylene dlguaiaeol, is a grayish- 
white, odorless powder, which appears to be suited for use in 
the treatment of wounds in veterinary practice, xxxlx, 115, 
238. 

Extract of Arenaria. Both the solid and the fluid extract 
of the entire herb of arenaria (spergularia) rubra. The remedy 
Is recommended in acute and chronic catarrh of the bladder, as 
well as in dysuria, cystitis and gravel. 

Fluid extract of horseohestnut seed has been recommended 
as a local application for the treatment of rheumatism, neu- 
ralgia, etc. 

Extrait de canne is a sweetening agent, containing the so- 
dium salt of saccharine, glycerin and water. 

Ferralbin is a liquid iron albuminate prepared by the " Ja- 
nus '* Chemical Institute, of Berlin. 

Forman. Chlor-methyl-menthylether. It Is recommended 
for the treatment of cold in the head, either by the use of im- 
pregnated cotton, or by the aid of the nose cup. ' 

Formazol is an antiseptic oxidizing inhalant for the treat- 
ment of pulmonary and laryngeal tuberculosis, which in addi- 
tion to 80 per cent, formaldehyde contains small quantities of 
iodoform, chloral hydrate terpene hydrate and menthol. 

Galega. An elixir, a syrup and a tincture made from the 
3ierb of galega officinalis are used ns galactagogues. 



Gasterln is a preparation made from the gastric Juice of the 
dog, andis used in the same manner as pep^. 

Geranim is an extract prepared from various varieties of 
geranium with cinchona bark, and which is claimed decreases 
materially the amount of sugar secreted in diabetic patients. 

Gluton is a nutrient preparation of gelatin which is recom- 
mended for use in diabetes and other diseases as preventing 
waste of proteids. 

Glycogenol (glycogen according to Dr. Rorig) is a whitish 
powder. It is derived from animal organism, and is used in 
the treatment of tuberculosis and typhus, both internally and 
by subcutaneous injection. The dose is O.O^ grams, subcu- 
taneously, or 1 gram by the mouth, xxxlx, 886. 

Gualacol sulphonate of triphenyl guanldln is obtained by 
decomposing barium gualacol sulphonate with triphenyl guanl- 
dln sulphate. It is a local anaesthetic. 

Guaiacol-terpin consists of a mixture of gualacol, terpinol 
and eucalyptol. 

Guaiacol-terpin-chlor-ichthyol consists of a mixture of guala- 
col, terpinol, eucalyptol, chloroform and ammonium sulph- 
ichtl^yolate. 

Guttacura tablets, made by Radlauer, of Berlin, are said to 
contain quinlc acid and hexamethylenetetramine, and are rec- 
ommended for the treatment of gout and the uric acid dia- 
thesis. 

Hsemaphoskol is a combination of kola with sodium gly- 
cerophosphate and concentrated hsemoglobin. 

Hiematofor is a hsematogen, consisting of a solution of iron 
and manganese , albuminate, glycerin, a Greek wine and an 
aromatic essence. 

Hiemoform-hsematogen is a permanent and agreeably fla- 
vored hiematogen. xxxviii, 15. 

Haimose is a blood preparation said to contain the most 
valuable constituents of the blood in an unaltered condition. 
Is given in doses of two or three teaspoonfuls. 

Hermophenyl is a' mcrcury-sodlum-disulphonate. It is an 
amorphous white powder containing about 40 per cent of mer- 
cury, and is recommended as an antiseptic application for 
wounds. It is soluble, non-corrosive, and does not precipitate 
albumin, xxxix, 2(Xd. 

Hetofonn is bismuth cinnamate. It Is a white powder 
with an odor resembling that of cinnamon. 

Hydrargotin is the name given by G. Hell & Co. to their 
preparation of mercury tannate. 

Iboga and Ibogaine. Iboga is the native name of the Ta- 
bemantha Iboga, a plant found in the Congo country, which 
contains an alkaloid ibogaine. The alkaloid stimulates the 
brain and spinal cord, producing somewhat the effect of largo 
doses of alcohol. 

Ichthyosote is a combination of ammonium Ichthyolate and 
creosote' carbonate. It is recommended in various stages of 
pulmonary tuberculosis. 

Ichthyosote pills contain ichthyosote and oil of peppermint. 

Ichthydrln is said to be a by-product in the preparation of 
ichthyol. 

Iodized meat Juice, which iS; prepared from chopped ment 
and potassium iodide, is recommended for the treatment of 
tuberculosis. 

Iodized meat powder is made by mixing iodine with meat 
powder and heating the mixture on a water bath. 

Ipdogenol is an iodine compound prepared from peptonized 
albumen, which is proposed as a substitute for the ordinary 
iodine preparations, xxxix, 171. 

lodocol is a compound of iodine and gualacol, which has 
been recommended in tuberculosis and allied complaints in 
the dose of 0.2 to 0.5 grain four or five times daily. 

Isano. The seed of the drupe produced by the isano tree, a 
member of the natural order Ohaside, which is found in trop- 
ical Africa. It is a violent purgative. 

Iodine paper (topique iodd) is a new form for the external 
application of iodine consisting of absorbent paper saturated 
with a solution of potassium iodide and potassium bisulphite, 
and then dried. It is to be moistened immediately before ap- 
plying to the skin. 

Iron and ai*senlc, ammonia citrate of, is a soluble iron and 
aracnic preparation, which Is recommended for subcutaneous 
injection in the treatment of pellagra. 

Iron plcrate has been recommended for the treatment of 
hypertrophy of the prostate, and for its accompanying symp- 
toms. 

Jequiritol is a sterilized solution of abrln, which is recom- 
mended for use in ophthalmology, xxxlx, 321. 

{To 6e conch^ded^ 



72 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



V. 



STORE MANAGEMENT. 

Condttcted by ▼• A* Dawmmu 
in MUiiiom to finishing a series of articles covering the commet' 
dot side of phamuuy^ the editor oj this department will en- 
deavor to discuss, criticise, advise and give informaUon on 
am^ fnesHon pertaining to the business management of the 
drug store propounded by readers of the Ameugan Dkuogist. 
Tkisfeaiwre oJ the department is intended to constitute a busi- 
ness qnerv column for the readers of the Ambucan Dkuogist, 
amd all queries regarding business matters addressed to it will 
be freely answered. 

to INSURE PROMPTNESS IN EXECUTING 
AND DELIVERING ORDERS. 



BEING ON TIME. 

NOTHING is more annoying to customers than having 
to wait longer for a prescription than was expected, 
or having it delivered after the time promised. 

When a prescriptiwi is handed in, the customer should 
be informed about how long it will take or when it can 
be delivered, and every precaution taken to see that it is 
delivered to the customer within the time named or an 
explanation given for the delay. Where the customer 
is told at the time of receiving the prescription that it 
will take about ten niinutes and something happens to 
delay its completion in that time, a courteous apology 
for the delay, as " We find that your prescription will 
take a little longer than we thought ; it will probably be 
five or ten minutes yet before it is ready. Shdl we send 
it to you ? " or something of that sort, will put the cus- 
tomer at ease and convince him that he is not being neg* 
lected. Whereas, if this is not done, the customer will 
probably fume inwardly at what he thinks is carelessness 
and unnecessary delay in filling the order. 

The pharmacist who is careful to keep his word, or 
oflFer an acceptable apology for not doing so, with his 
patrons soon acquires for his establishment the reputation 
of being a " dependable " drug store. 

SYSTEM IN DELIVERING GOODS. 

In small villages there is little or no delivery service 
demanded, but in the cities, both large and small, there 
is considerable business to be retained by a delivery 
system. A system that will insure promptness in de- 
liveries is essential to any business, even when the num- 
ber of packages sent i3ut daily is small ; a druggist who 
is habitually dilatory in delivering orders advertises him- 
self as being slow and slack. 

When a customer asks to have a prescription or order 
delivered it is well to ask if he is in a hurry for it and 
about i^hat time it is wanted, and to make a note of the 
stated time. 

It is a good thing to have a printed address label 
afiixed to the outside wrapper of packages. The printed 
label looks neater than does the address written on the 
wrapper of the package and is likely as well to be more 
accurate, since it is filled in at the time of taking the 
order. The label should not be larger than, say, 2x3 
inches, and, in addition to the card of the store, should 
contain a lined space for filling in the name and address 
of the customer, the time it is to be delivered and whether 
it is "collect," "paid," or "charged," and the price. 
Like the prescription checks, they should be made up 
in books or pads and kept at the desk or serving counter 
ready for instant use when an order is received. 



THE UTILITY OF A " SEND " BOX. 

Packages which are to be called for and those that 
are to be delivered should be kept in two separate places — 
those to be called for on a shelf or on the ledge back of 
the serving counter, or some other convenient locality in 
the front store. A " send " box or shelf might be pro- 
vided for delivery orders in some part of the laboratory, 
and the boy or messenger made to understand that it is 
his particular duty to keep track of the packages in the 
" send " box and see that they are delivered on time. 
Besides being a receptacle for packages to be delivered,, 
the " send " box receives letters for mailing and money 
and memoranda for any purchases the boy is to make, 
such as stamps to be bought or errands to be attended 
to. In short, whatever the boy is to attend to outside the 
store is brought to his attention through the medium of 
the " send " box. 

With the delivery of the orders thus systematized 
the clerks are relieved of some of the responsibility of 
seeing that things are sent out on time, and the errand 
boy, having written orders, is' deprived of the oppor- 
tunity of offering the time honored excuse of " I forgot," 
and " didn't hear you," as is often the case with verbal 
orders. 

The " send " box need not be large, as where a bulky 
package is to be sent out it may be placed elsewhere and 
a slip of paper dropped in the box stating, " Package for 
Mr. So-and-so by 4.30 p.m.," or, where an order for, 
say, a prescription and some siphons is to be sent, the 
wrapped prescription bearing the address label is placed 
in the box with the memorandum attached, " Three 
siphons of vichy to go with this." 

Where an order is received for prescriptions and a 
number of sundry articles, the prescriptions are sent into 
the prescription department with the list of other goods 
wanted attached. The prescription clerk returns the 
finished prescriptions, together with such other items of 
the list as may come from his department, to the front 
store, where the order is finished, wrapped and labeled 
for delivery. It is well to have some particular place in 
the store for placing such unfinished orders and instruct 
the store clerks to see that these orders are promptly 
finished off and wrapped. 

SYSTEM IN EXECUTING ORDERS. 

In the vicinity of the " send " box there should be a 
hook or clip for holding memoranda of orders. In send- 
ing out an order there is often a doubt as to whether the 
customer will pay on delivery or ask the messenger to 
have the goods charged, so that, except in .strictly 
C. O. D. packages, a charge slip for the goods may be 
made out and placed in the clip until the messenger re- 
turns. If the customer pays, the slip is destroyed ; if not, 
the slip goes to the desk. A system of marking packages 
in such a way as leaves no doubt in the messenger's mind 
as to what he should do in the matter of collecting for a 
package is essential to the working of such a system as 
this, and, at the same time the addressing should give 
the addressee no clue as to what the messenger's instruc- 
tions were. For instance, where a package is marked 
C. O. D. the messenger understands that he is to bring 
back either the goods or the price; if the marking is, 

" Price ," it is all right to leave it if the customer 

does not pay, and if marked, " Charged," he, of course, is 
not to hesitate or stop to see if the recipient wishes to 
pay. If a customer tries to hold up a C. O. D. package 
without paying, the messenger can, without giving 
offense to what is possibly an unknown yet perfectly 
good customer, say that as the clerk has marked the 
package C. O. D. he must return with it and get further 
instructions. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



73 



MARKING PACKAGES FOR DELIVERY. 

Occasionally a physician will sav to a patient : *' I will 
send you up something from the drug store/' and when 
the goods are delivered the patient often thinks that it is 
the doctor's place to pay for it. In such cases the pack- 
age should be very plainly labeled, " Ordered by Dr. 
for Mr ; Price . .." Whether the pack- 
age be sent C. O. D. or not depends upon the pharma- 
cist's relation to the physician, as well as the reliability 
of the patient. Sometimes the customer is a charge cus- 
tomer, and, W(hen a bill is sent in, objects to some item 
on it, claiming that he never bought any such article ; it 
is, therefore, a good plan to not only mark the package 
as above, but the charge slip as well, so that the item 
on the books and in the bill will explain that it was 

" Ordered by Dr ," as it is often the case that 

the patient is under the impression that the medicine 
has come directly from the doctor's office, for the latter 
may be careless in explaining that he will order it from 
the drug store, and perhaps simply states that he will 
send up some medicine. A good many druggists suffer 
from this sort of thin|^, and losses from this source may 
be almost entirely eliminated and many disputes pre- 
vented by the use of a conspicuous address label and the 
exercise of a little care in properly marking the package. 

Tboie Laboratory Pfiotograpfis* 

The responses to this Department's request for pho- 
tographs of laboratories have so far been disappointingly 
limited in number, and of the pictures received not one 
has been sharp enough to reproduce successfully by the 
half-tone process. We confess to a feeling of disappoint- 
ment over this, because among the readers of the Ameri- 
can Druggist there must be thousands of pharmacists 
who have prescription laboratories of which they are 
proud, and being proud of, should feel gratified to see 
them pictured in the columns of their favorite drug 
journal. If you cannot get a clear, daylight time ex- 
posure, try a flashlight at night after hours. A series 
of pictures of laboratories will be of great assistance to 
the pharmacist about to fit up or refit a laboratory, and 
in giving the result of your experience you will be helping 
along the cause of good pharmacy. If you cannot send 
a picture, send a description and sketches, and if worthy, 
we will publish them and remunerate the sender. The 
dollar we offer for photographs suitable for reproduction 
is not a prize, but simply a slight compensation for the 
trouble of taking the picture. Photographs may be sent 
unmounted and should be addressed to the editor of this 
Department, W. A. Dawson, Hempstead, N. Y. 

ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. 

A SHOW OASE TO RBPLAOE PRBSORIPTION PARTITION. 

An Ohio pharmacist writes: ** We are thinking of making 
some improyements in our store, and would like some sugges- 
tions as to a show case to take the place of our prescription 
partition. We are crowded for space, and our show cases are 
foil to overflowliig. Could use a case 12 foot long, front to be 
glass doors, and the hack solid,, so tliat shelving can be fitted 
to the back of the case. What is wanted is something suitable 
for displaying trusses, hot water bottles and other goods of 
that chus. Our store room is 00 feet deep and 18 feet wide.** 

We would suggest a 12-foot " Bnglish " style wall case of 
the same kind of wood as the other fixtures. The dimensions 
of such a case would be: Length, 12 feet; width of base part, 
80 inches; height of base part, 88 inches; depth of top part, 12 
inches; total height of case, 8 feet 6 inches. The base part Is 
fitted with desk shaped glass cases with either slanting or oyal 
fronts, and in the lower part of the base under these cases are 
closets with glass doors. The top part is diyided by partitions 
into three cases about 4 feet wide, and is fitted with adjust- 
able shelves; the doors of top part slide sideways as do the 
doors of the lower closets. The doors on the slant fronts lift 



and slide back like the front of a sectional bookcase, or, if 
these cases are fitted with cylinder or oval fronta,they revolye 
back. The base part of the case is partitioned off into three 
parts like the top, thus making altogether three lower closets 
about 46 inches wide, 28 inches deep and 15 inches high; three 
"Bnglish" slant front cases of about the same dimensions; 
and three upright compartments about 45 inches wide, 5 feet 
high and 10 inches deep inside. For showing trusses the 
shelves had best be removed from the center top closet, and a 
number of ornamental brass bracket hooks about 9 inches 
long screwed to the back of the case; the trusses being hung 
from these hooks. 

The lower closets of such a case will store and display to ad- 
vantage such goods as chamois, sponges, absorbent cotton, 
surgical dressings and the like. The slant front cases may be 
filled with the bulb and fountain syringes and other rubber 
goods, and the two remaining upper cases used for various 
sundries. If would be a good idea to display in this case only 
such goods as are bought by physicians, or used in the sick 
room, keeping nothing that is classed with " fancy goods " in 
it. A case of this kind will cost about $150, and ought to pay 
for itself in a year or two from the profit on the increased sales 
of the goods displayed. 



DRUGGISTS' COURSE IN OPTICS. 



CoDi i M cte cl by C* H* Bcowot BiL^^ 

Preetdent of the Philadelphto Optical OoUeg« 



Tkis series of papers is designed to furnish in/onnaiion wkidk 
is required by druggists for the intelligent handling of a lim 
of optical goods. The first oj the series appeared in our isma 
for September 94^ igoo. 

THE PHYSIOLOGY OF VISION (Contintied)* 

ALL parts of the retina are not equally sensitive to 
light ; there is one portion called the yellow spot " 
— from its color — ^that is more sensitive fhan any other 
part. In fact, it is the only spot on the whole retina that 
affbrds clear and perfect vision, while vision becomes 
gradually more and more imperfect as the image is im- 
pressed upon the retina farther and farther from this 
yellow spot. Consequently it becomes necessary in read- 
ing to move the eyes backward and forward along the 
lines of the print, so as to bring each word of every 
line, and each letter of every word, in the direct line of 
vision in order that its image may fall upon this sensi- 
tive yellow spot. 

So, in distant vision, the eyes must be in continuous, 
though unconconscious, motion, in order that the diflFer- 
ent objects around us may be placed in such a position, in 
reference to the eye, that their images may again fall 
upon this sensitive yellow spot. An active, sprightly 
person moves his eyes quickly from object to object, so 
as to see everything clearly by bringing everything into 
a direct line of vision with this yellow spot ; while dull, 
phlegmatic people are satisfied with a general view of 
things as their images may happen to fall upon any part 
of the retina, without taking die trouble to move their 
eyes and adjust their accommodation, so that the same 
images may be sharply focused upon the yellow spot. 

THE BLIND SPOT. 

In contrast with and very near to this sensitive yellow 
spot there is a small spot that is insensible to the rays 
of light, which means that it is a blind spot. At first 
thought it seems somewhat strange that there should be 
a blind spot in every man's eye, and also that this spot 
of least vision, or blind spot, should be so near to the spot 
of best vision, or yellow spot. But this is the case, and a 
still more curious fact is that this blind spot is just at 
the entrance of the optic nerve, where it would naturally 
be thought that vision ought to be more acute. The ex- 
planation of this is that the nerve fibers here belong to 



74 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



the conducting layer of the retina, while the percipient 
layer is wanting at his point. 

It would seem reasonable to suppose that, if there 
is a blind spot in every one's eye, there ought to be a 
corresponding dark spot in the field of vision. Such is 
not the case, for the following reasons: When the eye 
is directed toward any object, to see it, the image falls 
upon the yellow spot, which is in the visual axis of the 
eye, while the blind spot is situated a little to the inner 
side of this point. Consequently, the image of an object, 
which is directly examined in the normal line of vision, 
cannot fall upon this blind spot. 

When both eyes are opened an object may be so 
placed that its image falls upon the blind spot of one eye, 
in which case, however, it will necessarily fall upon the 
yellow spot of the other eye and the object be distinctly 
seen. It is impossible for an object to be placed in such 
a position that its image could fall upon the blind spot 
of both eyes at the same time. 

If, however, only one eye is used, there is always a 
small portion of the field of vision that is imperceptible. 
This deficiency is not noticeable, because it is located in 
a part of the field of vision to which our attention is 
scarcely directed, and where the perception of various 
objects is so imperfect that the momentary absence of 
one of them is not regarded. That this blind spot does 
exist can be readily made apparent, and any one can ob- 
serve it for himself by using for the test a single strongly 
defined object, like a white spot on a black ground or a 
black spot on a white ground, the presence or absence of 
which may be quickly noticed. 

* • 

The left eye is to be closed and the right eye to be 
directed steadily at the cross on the left-hand side of the 
illustration, the round spot will also be visible, though 
less distinct than the cross, because it is not in the line 
of direct vision. Let the page be held vertically before 
the eyes and at a convenient distance for seeing both ob- 
jects in the manner just mentioned. If it now be moved 
slowly backward and forward, a point will be found at a 
certain distance, about lo or 12 inches, where the dr- 
cular spot disappears from view, because its image has 
fallen upon the optic nerve entrance or blind spot, which 
is insensible to the rays of light, to reappear again if the 
paper be moved nearer or farther. It may also be made 
to reappear, even at the same distance, by inclining the 
page laterally, to the right or left, since this would bring 
the circular spot either above or below the level of the 
blind spot. The phenomenon of the blind spot is well 
illustrated in the following figure. 



Modifiecf Eibach's Reageat 

The following modlflcatlon of Bsbach*8 reagent for the quantltatlye 
eatlmation of albumin in the urine Is Dropoaed by Galyalowekl In CHor- 
nale di Farmaciu di Trieste, 1901. p. 824 : 

Picric acid 10 

Citric add ,20 

Dlaaolye in water 500 

Add alcoliol, 95 per cent ^555 

Add water to make 1,000 



Ointment for Frost Bites. 

O. Lasaar recommends that cloths smeared with the following oint- 
ment be laid on the altected parts over night : 

Lead oirtment ^5 g™- 

Petrolatum J2 S™' 

Olive oil 20 Om. 

Carbolic acid ? g™« 

Oil of larender 1 Om. 



PROCEEDINGS OF A PHARMACEUTICAL 

CONVENTION* 

O* O. Slab's Plea for Impfoveaicnt* 
By W. W. Ebbr, 

Fullerton, Oal. 

ON one occaBion, not so yery long ago, there was an Im- 
portant convention held in this country. This being an 
age of conyentlons held by all sorts of people for the 
dlscnssion of all sorts of subjects— social, moral, political, re- 
ligions, pharmaceutical and otherwise— and for rectifying all 
sorts of wrongs and abuses, it would seem that it would be 
impossible to get up one that would be out of the ordinary, 
but the one we have in mind was Just that The difference 
did not consist in the subjects discussed, but in the discussers, 
although even in this regard It resembled the ordinary con- 
vention in that they were, Indeed, dis-cussers. 

DISCUSSION BT THE IMPLEMEKTS 

The convention was held In the back room of a drug store 
where so many (in some respects) similar pow-wows have 
been held, especially when the boss was out, but on this oc- 
casion it was not among the clerks, as usual, with the soda 
water man in the chair, the drug cub at the secretary's table 
and the porter for doorkeeper, but between the assembled 
pharmaceutical implements. They had been brought together 
by the porter with the view of a general cleaning up some 
day, when the head tycoon of the prescription department, 
with an irritable customer Impatiently waiting for his pre- 
scription to be filled, should be looking all over the store for 
a clean spatula. 

Perhaps the untidy condition in which these implements 
found themselves may have been the cause of an evident afar 
of dissatisfaction tliat pervaded the assemblage and gave 
color to the pessimistic discussions that characterized their 
subsequent deliberations. However that may be, that air of 
dissatisfaction was evidently there, coupled with a longing 
expression for something as yet unattained, and under it 
all a seeming determination to effect a change in existing 
conditions or break up the institution, and over everything 
the customary uncertainty as to how to pi'oceed. 

After a protracted, Quaker-like silence, waiting for the 
spirit to move them (the only moving spirit about the place 
being in the other room, corked up in a bottle, and so inac- 
cessible), it was suggested by some one that the only way 
to get at the matter was to hold a convention, and in support 
of his position he cited innumerable precedents. There was no 
getting around the weight of these precedents, and so, no 
doubt, as to the wisdom of the proposition, but there seemed 
to be great uncertainty as to the best way to proceed to organ- 
ize a convention. The only available experience at hand was 
their observation of the aforesaid clerical pow-wows, and 
they seemed to have been too barren of results to suit the 
exigencies of this occasion, but there must be a convention 
held. 

RETORT STAND MAKES A MOTION 

This "confusion worse confounded*' grew to such an ex- 
tent at last that there seemed to be great danger that the 
whole question would be decided by a general smash-up of 
pharmaceutical glassware, but, as usual, there is always a 
man for every great crisis, and so it proved In this. Reputa- 
ble Retort Stand, the tallest member of the party, and about 
the only one that would have been left if the threatened 
smash-up had come about, suggested that the first thing to 
do was to ascertain who were eligible to seats in the proposed 
convention, after which they could proceed intelligently to 
an organization. 

CALLING THE ROLL. 

The suggestion seemed to meet with general favor with 
all except Growling Graduate, who was the noisiest member 
of the group and the hardest to satisfy. It was his opinion 
that the first thing to do was to read the minutes, but after a 
sharp retort from the aforesaid R. R. Stand, he subsided suf- 
ficiently to allow the proposed programme to be entered upon. 
The suggester was requested, after some further discussion, 
to call the roll, when, besides Reputable Retort Stand, the 
following answered to their names: Spouting Spatula, Pessi- 
mistic Pestle, Mortified Mortar, Growling Graduate, Oily 
Ointment Slab, Drowsey Drug Mill, Funny Funnel, Particular 
Percolator, Stately Stirring Rod, Supposing Suppository Mold 
and Pouting Pill Tile. 

(7o 56 oofieliMM.) 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



75 



Cream of Current Literature 

A summary of the leading articles in contemporary pharmaceutical periodicals. 



Repertoire de Pharmacia, January 10* 

Pharmaceutical Apprenticeship Before or After the 
College Course? By M. P. Carles. — Professor Carles, of 
Bordeaux, gives the pros and cons of this question, which 
is at present under discussion in France with a view of 
regulating it by law. The advantage of apprenticeship 
before entering upon the college course is that it is al- 
ready a method which has proved successful in training 
pharmacists. In France the intending apprentice passes 
from the " college " to the drug store and at once is forced 
to adopt the habits and the discipline of a pharmacist. 
During his apprenticeship he is brought into contact daily 
with substances which he will study later, and thus learns 
a great deal about them in a practical way. If he finds 
that his talents do not lie in the direction of pharmacy he 
can easily retire in time while he is an apprentice, for he 
sees the profession in all its reality. If he is fortunate 
in the choice of his preceptor, he will improve morally and 
often materially by the impressions which he will gain, 
but if be is unfortunate in this choice he will suffer from 
the consequences later on. 

The disadvantages of the present method of pharma- 
ceutical education are several. The proprietor of the 
pharmacy, in order to evade a multitude of inevitable de- 
tails in his business, tries to have assistants who remain 
in his employ for a long time. The condition of phar- 
macy at the present time does not allow him to pay his 
employees very liberally, and therefore he seeks and tries 
to keep in his establishment young men who are more 
than modest and more predisposed to manual labor than 
to intellectual. In this way the prestige of the profession 
is considerably lowered, for the young men who enter 
the profession in this manner forget the intellectual side 
of the profession under the neglect of the proprietor. 
Such men enter the college after their apprenticeship, and 
the best teachers find it impossible to arouse their en- 
thusiasm. They obtain their diplomas only by the laxity 
of the examiners and never see anything in pharmacy 
but a small retail trade. This, therefore, is the bad side 
of apprenticeship before the college course, for it loads 
the profession with nonentities and is the cause of the 
social inferiority in which a part of the public holds phar- 
macy. 

The advantages of apprenticeship after the college 
course are that by this method the number of pharmacies 
will become limited of itself. In principle it is the only 
logical method, for theory should always precede prac- 
tice, and it is in this manner that the lawyer, the engineer, 
the physician, etc., are trained. There is a danger, how- 
ever, that the college course will become too theoretical 
if the proposed reform be adopted. At the same time 
this new method will act in weeding out the recruits in 
our profession. When a family will have sacrificed 
enough to make a son a Bachelor of Sciences,^ it will 
consider well before supporting this son for three years 
longer as a student; only such young men as will com- 
mand enough means and enough intelligence not to fear 
failure, will be tempted to enter our profession. After 
graduating from college the would-be apprentice would 
be able to select a capable and well equipped preceptor 
and to learn in two years what the apprentice now learns 
in three or four. 

The disadvantages of the method are that, after they 

> To FraQce rhis degree is requirei by law for entrance in the schools of 
pharmacy. 



have reached the age of twenty or more, the young men 
would have to enter upon a sedentary life which is with- 
out a parallel in any other profession. They will be bored 
by the endless small details of the daily routine and will 
not willingly submit to the orders of the less well trained 
assistants or even of a proprietor, be he ever so well in- 
formed. The practical examination at the close of the 
apprenticeship will more than ever degenerate into a mere 
formality, for the graduated apprentice will certainly 
pose before the examining committee as a man of science 
rather than one of practice, and in this way be able to 
hide his deficiencies in the practical knowledge. On the 
whole there is no question that the proposed method will 
make pharmacy both a more remunerative and a more 
scientific profession. 

Vanillin and Vanilla. By M. P. Carles. — The vanillin 
of commerce in 1878 was priced at 2,500 francs per kilo- 
gram. In 1889 it was worth 800 francs, and now it is 
sold for 100 francs per kilogram. When, in the face of 
these figures, the dealers in vanillin gravely announce in 
good faith that one part of vanillin is worth, according to 
the brand, from ten to fifty parts of good vanilla, one 
cannot help asking why we consent to pay 98 francs for 
a kilogram of vanilla and how it is that the cultivation 
of this plant has not ceased ? Has not the introduction of 
artificial alizarin injured the sale of madder root and 
that of chemical indigo the sale of natural indigo? On 
inquiry the importers and the large consumers of vanilla 
gave the following interesting answers : " In spite of the 
ever growing production of vanillin the consumption of 
vanilla has not diminished. The prices have even risen 
considerably during the past ten years. Vanillin gives 
the odor well enough, but only vanilla gives the taste. 
Vanillin is always incomplete without vanilla, while the 
latter is always complete without the former. Sugar 
flavored with vanillin is well enough on the surface of 
confectionery, otherwise its odor is fleeting. The same 
may be said of chocolate. The gourmands claim that 
vanillin gives a bitter, acrid taste to sweets immediately 
after swallowing, while vanilla gives quite the opposite 
sensation. Finally everybody agrees that for quality and 
durability vanilla can never be replaced, while vanillin 
may be used for products of inferior character. 

New Suppositories with a Paraffin and Lanolin Base, 
By M. Ed. Crouzel. — Everybody knows the difficulty 
of preparing medical suppositories with cacao butter. 
This preparation is especially difficult in cases where an 
extract is to be incorporated with the suppositories, for 
extracts do not dissolve in the oily base, and when the 
mixture is subjected to heat the molecules of the extract 
become still more coagulated, with the result that the 
medicament is unevenly distributed in the suppository. 
The author therefore suggests a new formula, which, ac- 
cording to his statement, facilitates the preparation of 
homogeneous suppositories containing very large doses 
of drugs (extracts, alkaloids, mineral or organic salts, 
vegetable powders, etc.). The proportion of active prin- 
ciples soluble in water which can be incorporated in these 
suppositories may be calculated by remembering that 
anhydrous lanolin absorbs its own weight of water or of 
saturated saline solution or of solutions of vegetable ex- 
tract. The following formula is therefore recommended : 
Lanolin, anhydrous, 3; paraffin, i. 



76 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



FarmatBevtiftclietky Journal^ December* 

On the Question of the Decomposition of Salt Cod- 
fish: The Determination of Such Decomposition in its 
First Stage. By K. Chr. Kouptche. — The author studies 
the methods of recognizing the presence of decomposition 
in codfish during the first stage of the process, i,e., be- 
fore an alkaline reaction has made its appearance. He 
determined the toxicity of salt codfish in the first stage 
of decomposition by experiments on animals, and his 
conclusions were as follows: The presence of the first 
stage of decomposition in salt codfish is made apparent 
by the yellow coloring of the filtrate obtained by mixing 
the meat with water and the subsequent addition of a 
reagent, consisting of lo parts of potassitmi iodide, 5 
parts of mercuric chloride, 10 parts of a 30 per cent salt 
solution, and 37 parts of distilled water. In beginning 
decomposition of salt codfish this color reaction should 
appear promptly after the addition of the reagent. A 
slightly acid reaction, however, is not always an indication 
that the cod is fit to eat. In gradual decomposition of 
salt codfish the first products that appear are ammonia, 
indol, skatol, and skatot-carbonic acid. In the beginning 
before the appearance of the neutral reaction, there is no 
change in the relative proportion of peptones and albu- 
mins, and there is an increase in the acidity of the oils 
in salt codfish, while Hubl's iodine figure and Kottsdor- 
fer's saponification figure become smaller. Salt codfish 
in the first stage of decomposition, before the appearance 
of the neutral reaction, does not produce any injurious 
effects on the health of the consumer. When a slightly 
alkaline reaction is noted, however, it may be assumed 
that it produced injurious effects upon the digestive tract 
of mammals. (December 4, 11, 18 and 25.) 

Dntggliti OteisLUf January* 

Plant Analysis. By L. E. Sayre. — ^The author pre- 
sents the outline of a scheme for a brief course in plant 
analysis which follows the general method originated 
by H. B. Parsons and A. B. Prescott. The determinations 
made are: The moisture in the fresh drug and in the 
air-dried drug, the ash, its inorganic constituents and 
solubility; the volatile and the fixed oil, resin, wax, etc., 
organic acids and alkaloids, sugar, gum, albuminoids, 
starch, cellulose and the principal active constituents. 
The subject is to be continued in a later number. 

A Handy Testing Closet. By W. A. Dawson. — ^The 
author describes a closet which may be made to fit into 
a wall section of any desired size. The essential feature 
of the device is the perpendicular section of the closet, so 
that the front half swings out at right angles, with its 
bottles in place in the shelving. The lower shelf of the 
fixed half of the closet is omitted and a shelf attached 
to the lower edge of the fixed half, which folds up within 
the fixed portion of the closet when it is closed, but when 
it is open this shelf falls down, forming a table on which 
to carry out the ordinary operations of urinary or simple 
volumetric analysis. By having all the reagents and 
apparatus required for urinary analysis at hand in this 
manner, the celerity with which examinations may be 
made is very much increased. 

The Therapeutic Value of Rest. " A Hospital Physi- 
cian " is accorded considerable space for the discussion of 
this subject. 

Mefck^s Report, January* 

Milk and Butter Analysis for the Retail Druggist. 
By Frederick T. Gordon. — The author advocates the en- 
try of the retail druggist into the field of food analysis 



generally and gives the methods to be used in milk and 
butter analysis. The article is to be continued. 

Practical Business Suggestions. By Joseph F. Hos- 
telley. — The author presents a number of suggestions on 
minor points intended to aid the pharmacist in his work. 

An Analytical Scheme for the Microscopical Exami- 
nation of Powdered Drugs. By Burt E. Nelson. — ^This 
is a continuation of an article covering this field, which 
has previously been referred to in these columns. The 
drugs treated of in this number are those in which starch 
granules are present and in which crystals are absent or 
seldom found. The drugs described include bryony, 
kava kava, valerian and althea, the latter being among 
the class of drugs in which crystals are present. 

Chronological Account of Important Dates Connected 
with Pharmacy, Etc. By William H. Madison. — ^Be- 
ginning with the year 2400 B.C., the author presents in 
chronological order the dates of ntmierous inventions and 
discoveries more or less connected with pharmacy and 
the allied sciences. 

Pluffmacetftleal Era, January* 

Logical Advertising. By Rollan G. Bowe. — What 
the author means by logical advertising is the advertis- 
ing of articles in season. While the prescription depart- 
ment of the drug store may be advertised profitably at all 
seasons, it would be a waste of money to advertise a 
cough cure in January and keep it up in the same space 
all the year ; or to advertise, say, fly paper in the winter 
time. With the retail druggist logical advertising de- 
mands a careful differentiation between seasons for ad- 
vertising certain articles and then the subdivision of these 
seasons as circumstances may seem to dictate. The dif- 
ferentiating and diagnosis must be done by himself, and 
it is not always the most profitable method to turn over 
the department of publicity of the drug store to an ad- 
vertising specialist. The doctor of advertising is a 
specialist in a general sense ; the druggist must make his 
work effective by being a specialist in a local sense. The 
foregoing is the gist of the article, which contains many 
useful hints and suggestions. (January 9.) 

Special Sales as a Means of Advertising. By Edwin 
R. Mohler. — This writer has tried the plan of offering 
on Saturday of each week a special discount of 20 per 
cent, on a certain line of goods, and he relates experience 
and results. Three ways of informing the public of 
these sales were adopted. The first was by making a 
window display each week of the article to be sold at 
a discount on Saturday of that week, and displaying a 
card above this which announced a special sale. The 
second was by inserting an advertisement of the goods to 
be sold in all the newspapers of the town, also inserting 
small locals in different parts of the paper announcing 
the special sale. The third method consisted of the use 
of printed sign cards advertising the sale, which were 
tacked up at the entrances of the large mills and factories 
of the town in a conspicuous place at about the height 
of an ordinary sized person from the ground. Toilet 
soaps were placed on sale at the 20 per cent discount 
the first week. The week after a window display of 
tooth brushes was made by stretching cords from the 
top of the window to the bottom and fastening the 
brushes along the entire length of these cords with a 
space of about four inches between each brush. Special 
sales of stationery, perfumery and all-rubber goods fol- 
lowed each other in order, a different article being of- 
fered each week, and the sales proved very satisfactory, 
not only as a means of advertising, but also as an aid in 
selling goods. (January 9.) 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



77 



Q\ieries and Ans^vers 

We ahall be glad, in this department, to reapond to calla for information on all pharmaceutic matters. 



Counter Prescribing. — Trional writes: "Will 
you kindly give me through the columns of the Ameri- 
can Druggist the following information : How far may 
a druggist go in recommending medicines or prescribing 
for customers ? For instance, a man appproaches a drug- 
gist and says, ' What can^ou give me to make me sleep? ' 
and the druggist sells him a dose of trional. Anodier 
says : ' Look at my face, that is erysipelas ; what can you 
give me for it?' The druggist gives him a bottle' of 
Wyeth's Glycerite of Chloride of Iron, with directions 
for taking it. A third customer says : ^ Look at my hands, 
what would you call that, and what can you give me for 
it ? ' The druggist examines the condition of the man's 
hands and tells him that he has eczema and then supplies 
an ointment. Now the question I wish to adc is, Qin a 
druggist diagnose and prescribe in the above manner 
legally, or does he lay himself open to prosecution by the 
Medicad Society by so doing?" 

If the druggist gives medical advice, and accepts pay- 
ment for such advice, he is liable to be prosecuted for 
violating the law governing the practice of medicine. 
The instances cited would undoubtedly be considered 
violations of the law under a strict interpretation of the 
letter of the law. Not long ago an inspector of the 
Medical Society caused the arrest of a druggist in New 
York for prescribing milk and lime water for an infant, 
the lime water being sold over the counter. While we 
have little sympathy with a law which apparently inter- 
feres with one citizen giving advice, medical or other- 
wise, to another, the law as it stands should be observed 
in its essentials. We may suggest that many of the diffi- 
culties surrounding the exercise of a druggist's right 
to recommend medicines may be overcome by the exercise 
of a little tact and common sense at the right time. 

Herb Tea. — D. E. H. writes: "I wish to put up 
an herb tea, also a tooth wash. I have already experi- 
mented with two preparations which have not proven 
satisfactory. If it is possible for you to furnish me with 
tested and proved formulas, I would greatly appreciate 
it." 

Our correspondent fails to state the particular kind 
of herb tea he desires to put up. Three approved formu- 
las for the several kinds of tea or species are given in 
the National Formulary. One is an emollient species, in- 
tended for use as a cataplasm or poultice, while the other 
two are respectively laxative and pectoral species or teas. 
Formulas for herb teas are quite numerous, being quoted 
in nearly every standard formulary. The teas are recom- 
mended for various disorders, each tea having its special 
application, so that it is necessary to indicate the kind 
of tea desired before a satisfactory formula can be sup- 
plied. 

Powders for Staining Wood.— L. D. C. asks 
us to quote formulas for making stain powders soluble 
in boiling water for staining wogkI the colors of mahog- 
any, forest green, Flemish oak and weathered oak. 

Preparations of aniline dyes are sold by all large 
painters' supply stores under the names of the finishes 
desired, and the stains named by our correspondent can 
be purchased in powder form in this way through any 
of Sie well known dealers. Vegetable dyes were much 
used at one time, and the compilers of recent formularies 
have failed to keep pace with the march of progress so 
foLT as wood stains are concerned, for none of the books 



compiled for druggists' use say anything about the use 
of aniline dyes for staining wood, and vegetable dyes 
are now greatly out of date. 

Blue Show Globe Fluid.— H. W. Rockwood, of 
W. S. May & Co.. Underbill, Vt., kindly furnishes the 
following note on a method of producing a blue show 
globe fluid which is permanent. He says : Take an old- 
fashioned copper cent and dissolve it in one ounce of 
hydrochloric acid; decant the solution in the globe and 
nearly fill with distilled water, adding finally a sufficient 
quantity of strong ammonia water to clear up the solu- 
tion. 

Manufacturers of Silver Polish,— W. A. C 

asks for the addresses of any manufacturers of silver pol- 
ishes contained in bags of chamois skin. 

We are unable to place any manufacturers of the 
articles named. Leading manufacturers of silver polishes, 
who may put up the powder in some such form as that 
described by our correspondent, and to whom it might 
be advisable to write are, J. A. Wright, 3 Maiden lane. 
New York ; the Paul Mfg. Company, Boston, and Johns 
Brothers & Co., manufacturers of Seldyt Cloth, New 
York. 

Metric and Apothecaries' Weights.— W. B. L. 

— Consult one of the Dispensatories or any text-book of 
pharmacy for tables showing the relative value of apothe- 
caries' and metric weights and measures. The question 
is rather an elementary one for consideration here. 

, Tooth Wash.— D. E. H.— There are tooth washes 
and tooth washes, some are foaming and some sapona- 
ceous. The foan^ing dentifrices owe their frothing char- 
acter to the presence of quiUaja bark, while soap, usually 
the castile variety, gives the saponaceous diaracter to 
the dentifrices so distinguished. The first two formulas 
yield foaming dentifrices, containing soap bark : 

I. 

Powdered qnillaja jij 

Glycerin a. ^^ 

Sodium salicylate 31J 

Oil berg:ainot fl, sm 

Oil winterjpreen fl. sm 

Oil cloves gtt X 

Alcohol .fl. gi 

Solution of carmine, N, P .'.q. b. 

Diluted alcohol fl. jxvi 

Macerate the soap bark with the glycerin and twelve 
ounces of diluted alcohol, and percolate. Dissolve the 
oils in the alcohol and add the solution to the percolate, 
followed by the sodium salicylate and sufficient solution 
of carmine N. F. to impart the desired shade of color- 
Shake thoroughly and filter through wetted talcum, re- 
turning the first portions of the filtrate until the remain- 
der runs through clear. Make up the bulk to one pint 
with diluted alcohol. 

II. 

Powdered qnUlaJa. jy 

Powdered cinnamon '. . . . .Mij 

Alcohol ' gx 

Water ..!!!!! !gx 

Ground red sandalwood /^' xx 

Macerate the ingredients named for four days, then 
tranfer to a flask and boil for one minute. Allow to cool 
and filter, passing sufficient water through the filter to- 
make the filtrate measure twenty ounces. Then add : 



,8 AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND 

I 

Glycerin A- 25iv 

Oil peppermint M- ^ 

Oil wintergreen ^- ^ 

Oil anise ;^^. v 

Oil rose 'ZT'ui 

Creosote M. uj 

Allow to stand three or four days before filtering. 
The following are types of saponaceous dentifrices: 

T. 

Castile soap shavings -JxiJ 

Potassinm carbonate 5W*J 

Powdered rhatany W* 

Glycerin fl* g"^ 

White sugar 5xxx 

Water • • •<!• ®; 

Alcohol Con«- 1 

Oil cinnamon, true 2' §**? 

OU wintergreen S' 5 « 

Oil anise r A- ijvi 

Oil clove J- 3iv 

Oil peppermint ". 3iv 

Dissolve the potassium carbonate in cold water, i 
gallon, and add the soap, stirring until solution is ef- 
fected. In another gallon of. cold water place the sugar, 
glycerin and powdered rhatany, and to this add the solu- 
tion of soap and the flavoring oils, the latter previously 
dissolved in the alcohol. Lastly add sufficient cold water 
to make five gallons. Set aside and shake occasionally 
during two weeks. Allow the mixture to remain at 'rest 
two weeks more, then siphon off the clear solution and 
filter the remainder. 

II. 

Castile soap shavings. i'^?* 

Glycerin ^' |*^ 

Deodorized alcohol 2* « } 

Hot water. • ^- 5vi 

Oil peppermint j^' ^^ 

Oil wintergreen tJ^^ 

Oil cloves -^^ ^ 

Vanilla extract fl. 588 

Solution carmine, N. P <1- s. 

Dissolve the soap in hot water and add the glycerin 
and vanilla extract. Dissolve the oils in the alcohol. Mix 
both solutions, add sufficient carmine solution to produce 
the. desired shade of color, and after having allowed the 
mixture to stand for twenty-four hours, filter through 
paper on which has been sprinkled a little animal char- 
coal. 

Interchange of Board Licenses,— M. A. R. — 

The following information regarding the practice of the 
different State Boards of Pharmacy as to the recognition 
of licenses issued in other States is taken from a state- 
ment prepared by the secretary of the Michigan Board of 
Pharmacy. In reply to the question, Does your board in- 
terchange with other Boards of Pharmacy ? the following 
replies were received : Alabama, No ; Arkansas, Yes ; Cal- 
ifornia, No ; Colorado. No ; Connecticut, No ; Delaware, 
No- District of Columbia, No; Florida, No; Georgia, 
Yes- Iowa, No; Illinois, No; Kansas, No; Kentucky, 
Yes; Louisiana, Yes; Maine, No; Maryland, No; Massa- 
chusetts, No; Michigan, Yes; Minnesota, Yes; Mis- 
sissippi, Yes; Missouri, No; Montana, No; Nebraska, 
No ; New Hampshire, No ; New Jersey, No ; New Mexico, 
Yes - New York State, No ; North Carolina, No ; North 
Dakota, Yes; Ohio, Yes; Oklahoma, No; Oregon, No; 
Pennsylvania, No; Rhode Island, No; South Carolina, 
No; South Dakota, Yes; Tennessee, No; Utah, No; Ver- 
mont, No ; Virginia, No ; Washington, Yes ; West Vir- 
<rinia, No ; Wisconsin, Yes. 



PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 

CORRESPONDENCE. 



The 



of Drugf Journals* 



lo the Editor: 

Blr,--Knowing you have the interests of the retail druggist 
at heart, I would call your attention to the fact that a great 
many people outside of the trade now take the drug Journals 
—for instance, barbers, bakers, cobblers, jewelers. If a drag 
paper is for druggists why send it out to the general public. 
One paper insists on putting on its subscription blank the 
business a man is engaged in. How often do we see a drug 
Journal in a Jewelry shop! Perhaps we sell a Jeweler a pound 
of cyanide of potash, and he notes quotations and expects us 
to sell one pound of the chemical as cheap as fire pounds. 
Barbers and bakers, whom druggists formerly supplied with 
essences, bay rum, etc., get hold of a Journal, write for a for- 
mula, and put up the articles themselves. I am in favor of 
all formulas being printed in Latin when published in papers. 

If the trade papers want to do so much to help the retail 
druggist let them take every name off their mailing list who 
is not a bona fide druggist o'r chemical manufacturer or whole- 
saler. 

Several of us have agreed to write to our trade papers, as 
well as to notify pharmaceutical societies, and see what can 
be done to remedy matters. 

Please publish and oblige, 

RUBSCRIBEB. 

[Deeming this communication one of special interest for the 
readers of a drug Journal, we depart from our usual custom of 
declining to publish letters which are unaccompanied by the 
name of the writer and print it. So far as the Americajt 
Druggist is concerned subscriptions are solicited only from 
retail druggists and persons engaged in lines of occupation 
collateral with pharmacy. The dilficulties in the way of keep- 
ing technical Journals out of the hands of individuals who 
might use the information contained in them against the in- 
terests of bona fide subscribers are too obvious to require ex- 
tended comment We are quite favorable to the idea of print- 
ing formulas in I^tin, and intend to extend the custom so far 
as is consistent with the character of the formulas printed, 
though it is questionable if this would prove a safeguard 
against the misappropriation complained of by our correspond- 
ent—En.! 



Book Keviewi. 

Bogus Hollow. A Tale of the Blue Jeans Town and Vicinity. By 
Benjamin Franklin Buchanan. 1901. The Walker Lith. ft Print- 
ing Co., Dayton, O. [Price, $1.00.] 

It is evident that if the atmosphere of current events 
is to be retained for the historian of the future, it must 
be largely the result of contributions by local authors, who 
record that which comes to them as a part of their lives. 
The present is soon to be the past ; a picture of the past 
is what men call history, hence the man who writes con- 
scientiously of things he knows is making history-prints 
for the future historians. 

From hundreds of localities their local pictures of 
life and character are being artistically produced, to be 
prized now by friends and students, to be utilized in a 
time to come by searchers after facts concerning, the 
deeds and life methods of those who are no longer here. 

Such is this book, " Bogus Hollow." It pictures 
Rising Sun, Ind., as the author knows the place. It shows 
the points of interest, natural and artificial, the people, 
the habits of the people. There is fun and pathos, but not 
much of the somber. It is richly illustrated by half-tone 
views, which add a charm and value not attainable by 
less exact methods. The frontispiece presents a view of 
Rising Sun from the opposing Kentucky hills, and this 
reviewer may be pardoned for saying they are to him of 
particular interest because the Stringtown Knob-lands 
lie just in their rear. And the book is of general interest 
to us of the mortar and pestle by reason of the fact that 
Mr. Buchanan is a pharmacist, who takes this method to 
both recreate and serve his people. 

" Bogus Hollow " will be sought in a time to come 
bv men who desire such life touches and natural views 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



79 



of the present as are to be found in this interesting little 
volume. J. u. l. 

PuABMAGBUTiBCHa Kalbmdbb. 1902. Mlt Notlikal«nder inm ULg- 
UchMi Gebraodi. nebst Hilftmltteln fflr die pbarmaceotiadie Prazfi. 
Heranagegeben von Dr. B. Fiidier and G. Arenda. Berlin: Jallna 
Springer, 1902. lOmo., pp. ca. 400. 

The first part of this book is devoted to a calendar for 
1902, followed by a calendar for the collection of various 
plants and for the manufacture of certain preparations 
that are influenced by the weather, etc. A diary for the 
year follows, and the remaining two parts of the book, 
covering upward of 245 pages, are devoted to series of 
tables of information that may prove useful in the labora- 
tory and the dispensing department. 

The part devoted to Dispensing Helps opens with 
rules for the compounding of prescriptions. Then fol- 
lows a table of maximal doses, a table of abbreviations 
used in prescription writing, of maximum doses of medi- 
cines employed in the domestic animals ; tables of drops 
and of the comparative weight of a drop of various 
liquids ; tables of neutralization ; of solubility ; of quanti- 
ties and areas of plasters ; of poisons and antidotes ; of 
incompatibilities ; of the newer remedies ; of disinfectants ; 
of foreign coins, measures and weights; of the metric 
system; of electrical units, the construction of various 
batteries and the conductivity and relative resistance of 
various metals and alloys. A brief chapter on the men- 
suration of surfaces, angles, etc., is appended. 

The part headed Laboratory Helps includes a large 
number of tables of analytical standards, etc., such as 
tables of specific gravity; methods of obtaining the spe- 
cific gravity of various substances; elements and atomic 
weights according to the latest researches; MendelejeflF's 
periodic law illustrated by a chart ; formulas and molecu- 
lar weights of various substances; formulas for pho- 
tography; tables for volumetric analysis; comparative 
tables of weight and volume; alcohol tables; tables for 
the analysis of wines, beers and spirits, for freezing and 
heat producing mixtures and for milk analysis; direc- 
tions for examining human milk, gastric juice, urine, 
urinary calculi, blood, sputum, and for the most im- 
portant bacterial examinations ; the chief tests for cow's 
milk, butter, margarine, and drinking water, and the 
methods of estimating the percentage of medication in 
surgical dressings; the composition of various articles 
of food, their value in calories and their cost; table of 
fees for chemical and microscopical examinations, and of 
the chief anal3rtical constants used in the laboratory. 

A glance at the contents will convince any one fa- 
miliar with the needs of the pharmacist, especially the 
pharmacist of smaller towns who is obliged to be more 
or less of a food-chemist and who often must rely upon 
his own resources for examinations and analyses of 
chemicals, secretions, etc., that this little book contains 
much that would have to be sought in a dozen text-books 
on as many subjects. With it at hand, therefore, the prin- 
cipal data that must be accessible in accurate pharma- 
ceutical work will be convenient for instant reference. 

While wishing that we in America had a diary and 
reference book of this kind in the English language, we 
take this opportunity to recommend the book under re- 
view to all our German reading and speaking readers. 

An appendix, issued by the publishers as Part II of 
the diary contains a digest of the German laws and ordi- 
nances affecting the pharmacist and a directory of phar- 
macists in the German Empire, together with a mass of 
statistics and information concerning the German univer- 
sities, etc. 



BUSINESS BUILDING. 

Coodacteid by U. G* BAaaolng* 

The Department Editor will be pleased to criticise advertisements^ 
suggest improvements^ and answer all questions coming 
within the scope of this department. 



PAMPHLETS* ETC, RECEIVED* 
Constltiition and by-laws of tbe Kings County Pharmacen- 
tical Society, and its collejre, the Brooklyn College of Phar- 
macy, 1902. Brooklyn: 829 Franklin avenue. 



THE GROWING HABIT* 

A LETTER recently received affords another illus- 
tration of the scriptural adage which the late Bill 
Nye paraphrased as : " Them that has gets." The more 
you have the more readily more comes, and this applies 
to trade. 

The writer of the aforesaid letter wrote another about 
three years ago, to which the present epistle is a sort of 
sequel. The previous letter was written after two or 
three years of vigorous advertising and announced that 
the writer's business for the previous year had reached 
$10,000, which he believed to be the limit for a town the 
size of his — ^a small town of the kind where a business of 
$7,000 or $8,000 is seldom exceeded. This man believed 
in advertising, however, and continued to spend a definite 
portion of his receipts for this purpose. The present 
letter announced that business for last year was between 
$17,000 and $18,000 and that the present year starts out 
ahead of last. Again he wonders whether he has not 
reached the limit, though he does not propose to let up 
on his efforts to increase. While this man's trade is a 
somewhat phenomenal one for a town of the size and 
character, the probabilities are that it will continue to 
increase somewhat as long as times remain good. There 
is a high-water mark somewhere, but it is very doubtful 
if it has been reached in this instance, because this man's 
business has gotten into the growing habit. It has se- 
cured momentum that is attracting trade from unusual 
distances and is developing a great deal of latent trade. 
The chances are that new avenues for growth will open 
up. That is one of the things that happens to a growing 
business. This is a case where a man's expectations were 
more than realized, and it is a consummation attained 
only by the patient and persistent. The earlier years of 
effort showed no such results as have come later, yet the 
results were there in a gradual accumulation of force 
which has yielded results later. Direct results from the 
advertising have seldom been seen, except when special 
offers were made, yet each year's business has shown an 
accelerated growth. This man has accomplished what 
not one merchant in a hundred does, because he has done 
what not one in a hundred will do — ^advertise to the limit 
in season and out, keeping it up, no matter whether the 
earlier prospects seem to justify it or not. 

This little story has no application for the timid or 
doubtful, or for those who desire to get each dollar back 
before the next dollar is spent in advertising. The best 
rewards come to those who have confidence and nerve. 
Advertising will always be a somewhat complicated 
proposition for those who lack faith, foresight and stay- 
ing qualities. 



So 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. * 



CRITiaSM AND COMMENT. 



Garrett Byrnes & Co., E. Orange, N. J„ send an at- 
tractive eight-page folder, issued previous to the holidays, 
which, while not primarily a holiday circular, mentions 
a few lines suitable as gifts, as well as other seasonable 
goods. The matter is well prepared and the printing is 
attractive. An additional expense of about 50 cents on 
a thousand for stitching would have turned this folder 
into a booklet. A booklet is enough more readable to 
justify the difference in cost. The first, or title, page of 
this folder was left blank with the exception of an orna- 
ment in the center. This is unusual, and may be justified 
because unusual. In most cases it is best to put some- 
thing on the title page that will help to stimulate an in- 
terest in what's inside. 

SARATOGA ALMANAC. 

T. J. Scannell, Waterford, N. Y., sends a copy of his 
Saratoga County Almanac for this year. The present 



Our 86c 

HOT WATER 
BOHLE 

won't 



1 

e 



k 
at 
just 
the 
time 
it is 
most 
needed. 
It is cloth lined and war- 
ranted. 



I 



H. H HAT'S SONS, 

Middle Street 



•edition is similar to previous issues. It has a clay mod- 
eled cover and contams a good selection of miscellaneous 
matter, relieved by half-tone illustrations of local interest, 
lliis book contains local and foreign advertising, in addi- 
tion to Mr. Scannell's own ads. These outsiders probably 
pay all of the cost of publication. 

BOUND TO BE SEEN. 

E. R. Roach, Amarillo, Texas, sends copy of his local 
paper in which his ad is easily the most conspicuous fea- 
ture. 

It is headed "New Year Resolutions" and occupies 
a position in the center of the local news page, entirely 
surrounded by news matter, and is the only display ad 
on the page. It is a specially good example of eflFective 
setting, but is too large for reproduction. The argument 
is good, and it is doubtful if any reader of the paper got 
away from the ad. 

REALISM. 

H. H. Hay's Sons, Portland, make a rather unique 
attempt at realism in the hot water bottle ad shown. They 
must have an obliging lot of compositors up Portland 
way. 

LEFT-HANDED CUTTINa 

T. D. A. wants to know how to get a reputation for 



making low prices without cutting on patents or starting 
a cut-rate war. . ^ 

This is something that has to be done with consider- 
able caution, and the temper of one's competition will 
have to be carefuUy considered. The wav to get a rejwi- 
tabon for low prices is to actually make' them. No one 
who makes leaders of a few items and then evens up on 
other things wiU long deceive the public. When aU prices 
are as low or a little lower than one's competitors, they 
can often be made to appear lower than they are by ludi- 
aous use of special prices on single items. 

If goods chosen for such purposes are not of some 
standard grade or price, so that comparison with the 
pnces at other stores is difficult or impossible, competition 
IS not apt to be greatly aroused. I have even known deal- 
ers m cut-rate cities to build a reputation for low prices 
and to largely increase business by judicious use of lead- 
ers, making no effort to enter into the general war on 
patents. 

Buy goods with a view to making leaders of them. A 
small and unimportant article will often answer as well 
as a better one, as far as creating an impression on the 
public IS concerned. The essential thing is that the price 

-??• ^^^ .^^^* ^^" ^^^^ sufficient fuss about it. 
This whisk broom ad is an example. It is not to be 

To-morrow, Whisks 8c 



Whisk Brooms, 

nine inches long, good stock, for eight cents, 
to-morrow only. This one special bargain 
out of many is pressed on your attention be- 
cause yon need whisks— everybody does— and 
yet you never think to buy them. Better get 
one or more of these ; the opportunity lasts 
but a day, for the stock will hardly outlast 
one day's brisk selling. The price is half the 
nsual one— less than regular wholesale cost. 
The reason why doesn't matter, for we assure 
you the brooms are all right. 



Blank's Pharmacy, 



330 Main. 



expected that you will sell the entire town brooms: you 
may sell but a few. The chief result will be that you add 
one more to the series of impressions necessary to make 
people feel that they can be sure of bargains at your store. 



ANOTHER STORE PAPER. 



The Ferris & Ferris Company, Franklinville, N. Y., 
send No. i of a store paper they launched. 

This is devoted largely to pure advertising matter, 
although some clipped matter is included. It consists of 
four pages only, about 10 x 12, which is large enough 
for a monthly publication. 



A Waukegan druggist adverUses "railroad tlckete and 
cratches for rent" This combination of wares has led a was 
to remark that the druggist must be expecting a wtw± in m« 
neighborhood. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



8i 



THE RICE MEMORIAL FUND. 



N- A. R. a EXECUTIVE MEETS. 



Tlie ^ American Dtugfgist ^ Opens a Stihscription List* 



Our editorial in tlie Amebican Druggist for January 13, 
followed by the publication in our issue of January 27 of a let- 
ter from Prof. John Uri Lloyd, concerning the erection of a 
monument over the grave of the late Dr. Charles Rice, have 
ied a number of the friends and acquiUntances of the deceased 
to indorse the plan of the Ahbbioan Dbuooist to open a gen- 
eral subscription for the erection of a memorial shaft over his 
grave, and among other communications we have received the 
follow^incr: 

Mr. A, A. Blliott, PreHdent American DruggUt PuhlMMng Co,, 66 
We9t Broadway, New York. 

Dbab Sib. — I notice in yonr Jonmal of Jannary 27 a letter from 
Prof. Jolin Uri Lloyd, making a ■ugseetlon for a ijeneral ■ubserlptton 
for a stone mark to be placed on the grave of the late Dr. Charlee 
Rice. 

While I agree with Profeesor Lloyd in hie plan for ralalng the 
jneane necessary for that purpose, I wish to add to his sucgeitlon that 
yon open a subscription Ibt at your ofBce and give the friends of Dr. 
Rice an opportunity to show their appreciation of this great scholar, 
who devoted most of his entire life for the good of hnmanlty. Let a 
committee be ajppointed by yon among his friends In New York to 
select such a tribute to his memory as they think best, and the funds 
for that purpose be raised by the subscription started by yon. I will 
donate a sum as large as any other of his friends, or I wUl send to you 
jqy check to start the contribution. 
Very truly yours, 

V C Pbicb 

*262 iLiiZNOia Stbibt, Chicago, January 81, 1002. 

We are glad to act on Dr. Price's suggestion, and open a 
•subscription list to afford pharmacists generally the opportu- 
nity of contributing to so worthy an object as the erection of 
a monuirient over the grave of Dr. Rice, and we hereby invite 
contributions from all who care to be identified with the move- 
ment Donations to the fund are already acknowledged as 
follows: 

Prof. John Uri Lloyd 126.00 

Dr. V. C. Price 26.00 

A. R. Elliott. 26.00 

D. J, Gerrlty 6.00 

Robert A. Lee 60 

George W. Seellg 1.00 

Dr. A. Bernard Cannon 1.00 

Dledrlch Blebrandts 1.00 

H. Allan Lakln 60 

John Jones 60 

Arthur J. Reeder 1.00 

Wm. J. Quencer 1.00 

J. li. a\)bln 1.00 

The AmniCAK Dbuooist 26.00 

The Ahebican Druggist fund is intended to be supplement- 
ary to the fund collected by the Committee on Revision of the 
United States Pharmacopoeia, and all donations received at 
the office of this Journal will be finally turned over to the gen- 
eral fund of the Revision Committee. It is generally felt' that 
druggists throughout the country will esteem it a privilege to 
honor the memory of Dr. Charles Rice in the manner sug- 
gested, and it is with the object of affording the rank and file 
of the profession an opportunity of doing so that the Aifxai- 
CAH Dbuooist invites contributions of large or small amount 
to Its memorial fund. Donations of any sum, from 60 cents 
upward, will be gladly received and acknowledged in the reg- 
ular issues of the Journal. 

PRAISED BY REMIMQTOK AND RUSBY. 

Commenting in a recent letter to the editor on the Aioebi- 
CAjf Dbuooist Memorial Fund, Prof. J. P. Remington, the 
present chairman of the Committee of Revision of the United 
States Pharmacopoeia, says: " Inasmuch as Dr. Rice's reputa- 
tion was national and international, the committee will un- 
doubtedly welcome the aid of pharmaceutical Journals and 
friends tliroughout the country. It pleases me very much to 
know that in Dr. Rice's own city a movement is being started 
with tills object in view, and therefore I say again that I am 
sure your action will be greatly appreciated." . . . "It 
pleases me greatly that the prospect of honoring Dr. Rlce^s 
memory in a substantial and befitting manner is now in fair 
prospect of realization." ..." I am sure that the commit- 
tee will be grateful for any help which the Aiobbioak Drug- 
gist will give." 

Prof. H. H. Rusby, of New York, has signified his approval 
of the movement started by the Aiibrigan Druggist, which he 
regards, as a most worthy ^one; and he has expressed himself 
as especially well pleased at the thought that the Memorial 
Fund is being raised by the pharmaceutical Journal of which 
Dr. Rice was so long the associate editor. 



Many Important Matters Diicttsied— ManfsfacttsrcfB Who Send Al- 
manacs and Advcrtiting Matter to Gotten— Financial Gonditioa 
of the Anodation Unsatisfactory— Annual BSeetings of State 
Assodations to be Attended by Members of N. A. R* D* Ex- 
ecutive— Next Annual Meeting to be Held in Cleveland- 
Moving for a Legal Decision In Re the Price Protective 
(Garst) Plan— New Standing Committees. 



{From our Regular Correspondent,) 

Chicago, February 3.— A highly important meeting of the 
Executive Committee of the N. A. R. D., which occupied two 
full days, took place here January 27 and 28. The entire mem- 
bership of the committee, consisting of the following, attended: 
Simon N. Jones, J. W. Seeley, F. E. Holliday, John C. Gal- 
lagher, C. Fleischner, W. E. Bingham and F. W. Meissner. 
Among the matters discussed was the action of manufactur- 
ers in sending advertising matter to aggressive cutters, re- 
garding which many complaints have been received, especially 
from the country. Almanacs are often sent out, it is said, with 
the names of aggressive cutters printed on them. The man- 
ufacturers answer that these almanacs are often printed a 
year in advance, when It is often impossible to foresee what 
the attitude of the druggist is going to be. The secretary was 
Instructed to do what he could toward securing more cordial 
co-operation between the druggists and the manufacturers of 
proprietaries. The financial condition of the association came 
up during the talks. The committee is suffering some embar- 
rasment in its work because of the slowness with which dues 
are coming in. Arrangements are to be made so that a mem- 
ber of the Executive Committee will be present at the annual 
meeting of every State pharmaceutical association. The work 
of the N. A. R. D. was reviewed in detail, and the situation 
all over the United States, as to organization, was carefully 
discussed. It is the aim to complete the organization as rap- 
idly as possible. In the spring the organizers vrill go Bast 
and finish the work there. As examples of the work being 
done, organization has lately been perfected in Memphis, 
Washington and Richmond. The convention of 1002 vrill take 
place in Cleveland in September or October, the exact date not 
haidng been determined upon as yet One of the principal 
features of the meeting was the conference with the attorney 
employed to bring suit against some cutter to establish the 
right of the manufacturer to recover damages in the maimer 
contemplated by the Worcester plan. It was decided to push 
the matter to a test in Illinois, where the laws affecting this 
matter are exceptionally stringent It is thought that if the 
plan can survive the test of an Illinois court it can stand sim- 
ilar teste in other Stetes with ease. The successful working 
of the Tripartite plan was also telked over. Biforto will be 
made to secure a reduction in the tex on alcohol, which is a 
serious burden to druggisto, manufacturers and artisans. The 
attention of Congress will also be called to burdens caused by 
the present laws in regard to trade-marks and patento, and ef- 
forts will be made to secure a number of important amend- 
ments. 

New Standing Committees. 

The following Stending Committees were chosen: 

National Legislation.— Robert N. Harper, Washington, D. 
C; P. W. Yaughan, Durham, N. C; Chas, Freer}cks, Jr., Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio; W. C. Gordon, Wheeling, W. Va.; N. S. Whit- 
man, Nashua, N. H. 

Trade-Marks and Patente.— W. Bodemann, Chicago, 111.; 
Chas. T. Heller, St. Paul, Minn.; B. H. Owen, Clarksville, 
Tenn.; Chas. W. Ward, Rutland, Vt.; W. G. Shepard, Seattle, 
Wash. 

Commercial Relations.~Geo. D. Case, Milledgeville, Ga.; 
D. W. Heseltine, Portland, Maine; T. B. Cartmell, Wilming- 
ton, Del.; A. H. HolUster, Madison, Wis.; N. R. Gilchrist, Wa- 
konda, S. D. 

Pharmacy LawiC— Wm. D. Wheeler, Boston, Mass.; John 
H. Pickett, Oscaloosa, Iowa; J. W. Gayle, Frankfort, Ky.; B. 
B. Lair, Topeka, Kan.; Paul L. Hess, Kansas City, Mo. 

Form of Organization.— Wm. O. Fralley, Lancaster, Pa.; 
Wm. H. Barr, Milwaukee, Wis.; H. S. Foulkes, Terre Haute, 
Ind.; Chas. R. Sherman, Omaha, Neb.; Fredk. Reed, Norman, 
Okla. 

Auditing.— Geo. B. Feltner, New Orleans, La.; W. H. Skin- 
ner, Pocahontes, Ark.; W. L. Shockey, Cripple Creek, Col.; 
Walter Master, Willow City, N. D.; F. M. Fisk, CassopoUs, 
Mich. 

Transportation.- E. C. Lingan, Cleveland, Ohio; J. P. 



Si 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



Koehler, Stockton, Gal.; B. M. Delgado, JackBonville, Fla.; W. 
E. Brown, Baltimore, Md.; John M. DouU, Bntte, Mont; A. W. 
Allen, Portland, Ore.; Albert Fenner, Providence, B. I.; Frank 
M. Smith, Charleston, S. 0.; N. D. Grammer, Fort Worth, 
Texas; R. W. Williams, Three Rivers, Quebec. 



WORCESTER PLAN DECLARED ILLEGAL. 

Advene Deciiloo Reodefed in Philadelphia on the Price Restrictive 
Plan— QploloQ of the Goifrt— Views of the N. V* D. A* GocsnaeL 

{From our Regular Oarretpondent.) 

Philadelphia, February 2.— The Common Pleas Court of this 
city on January 30 rendered a decision In regard to printed 
contracts on goods which is of unusual interest to the drug 
trade, both retailers and wholesalers, inasmuch as the court's 
decision is that no contract passes with the sale. 

On January 27 the question whether or not the maker of 
a proprietary medicine can impose upon a purchaser a con- 
tract determining its price and preventing " cut rate " selling 
came up for argument before President Judge Martin and 
Judges Ralston and Davis in Common Pleas Court No. 5. 
Thifi question attracted considerable attention, as it liad never 
been decided in tliis State. It was Intimated by counsel that 
powerful influences were back of the litigation In a war upon 
druggists who sell patent medicines and proprietary articles 
at prices lower than those determined by the maker and usu- 
ally charged by retail dealers. 

THE COMPLAINT. 

The suit was brought by Dr. Julius Garst, trading as the 
Phenyo-Caffelne Company, of Worcester, Mass., against Arthur 
J. Wlssler, to recover $105 for alleged breach of contract. The 
plaintiif asserted that he was a manufacturer of pills, which 
ho put up in boxes bearing a notice that title continued in the 
maker to prohibit a sale at less than 25 cents, or five boxes 
for a dollar; that the acceptance of the box was an assent to 
this condition of sale, and that the . defendant broke faith 
when he sold them at 18 cents each. 

Mr. Wlssler in liis affidavit denied that he had any dealings 
with the plaintiff or notice of the condition from the dealer of 
whom he purchased the boxes. He also claimed that he had a 
right to sell the boxes for whatever price he chose, and any 
restriction was not binding upon him. It was also alleged 
that the notice was illegal and contrary to public policy, the 
claim for damages excessive and that no right of action ex- 
isted. 

Counsel for plaintiif argued that a notice such as was on 
the box had been decided to be a condition of sale and the 
buying of the pills amounted to an assent to the condition. 
It was also claimed that the system of " cut rate " selling 
worked an injury upon the maker and patentee, the public and 
retailers by driving the sale of medicine from the stores of 
the latter, who were willing to comply with the conditions. 

Counsel for the defendant asserted that there was no ques- 
tion of public policy or copyright Involved, and the sale of 
cut rate medicines benefited rather than injured the maker. 
The notice was directly at variance with the legal principle 
of purchase and sale, he continued, in that when the property 
was bought and sold the title passed absolutely to the pur- 
chaser, and the only way a conditional sale could be enforced 
was by direct and expressed notice of the condition, which 
did not exist in the present instance. The words on the box 
could not be considered to express notice. The dependant was 
three times removed from the plaintiff, or, in other words, the 
box had been sold and title passed twice before it reached him, 
and this fact removed the plaintiff too far away from the 
maker to permit the latter to enforce the contract 

The Judges took the case under advisement, and on Janu- 
ary 80 Judge Ralston decided that a condition on a package 
of patent medicine fixing its price is of no effect against the 
purchaser. The court holds that it will not recognise a con- 
dition on a package of medicine providing for its sale at not 
less than a stated price. In rendering the decision Judge 
Ralston said: " There Is no averment that the defendant ever 
agreed to the terms of the notice. He merely took into his 
possession the boxes of pills, but had no contractual relations 
w hatever with the plaintiff. The plaintiff by printing a notice 
on the box attempts to make a contract with each person 
accepting a box, whether that person assents to it or not In 
Garst vs. Harris, 177 Mass., 72, the defendant purchased the 
pills directly from the plaintiff, the terms of the agreement 
were read to him and a written statement delivered to him. 
He expressed no dissent, and it was held that he agreed to the 
terms and was liable. 

" In Garst vs. Hall & Lyon Company, Mass., 61 N. B. Rep. 



219, the defendant did not purchase fnmi the plaintiff. The 
facts were nearly similar to those of the case at bar. The 
court said: 'This right is founded upon contract alone, and 
it can be enforced only against the contracting party. To say 
that this contract is attached to the property and follows it 
through successive sales, which severally pass title, is a very 
different proposition.' 

'* The court is of opinion that so far as persons having no 
actual contractual relations with the plaintiff are concerned, 
the notice upon the box has no effect whatever; that the ac- 
ceptan<*^ of a box of pills without notice constitutes no con- 
tract and that the plaintiff cannot Impose his contract upon 
a person wtio «loes not assent to its terms, nor can he alone 
establish the acceptance of the box as evidence indicating 
such an assent Rule discharged." 

OPINION OF THE COUNSEL FOR THE N. W. D. A. 

Henry lia Barre Jayne, counsel for the N. W. D. A., com- 
menting on the decision, says: 

** In reply to your inquiry about the effect of the recent 
decision of the Court of Common Pleas No. 5, in the suit 
brought by the manufacturer of Phenyo-Caffeine, to collect 
damages from one who purchased his goods in the ol;>en mar- 
ket below the price marked upon the bottles, I beg leave to 
say tliat this decision is in accordance with the established 
law and in my Judgment cannot be successfully questioned. 
The decision can in no way be made to apply to the rebate 
contracts between manufacturers and their vendees, regulat- 
ing the price at which a manufacturer's goods shall be sold 
by his own vendee. After the title to the goods passes from 
the manufacturer to his vendee the vendee may s^l at any 
price whatever, but he is answerable to the manufacturer in 
damages by reason of the expressed or implied contract made 
between them at the time the goods were sold. This liability, 
however, cannot be made to extend to subsequent vendees.* 



ft 



LEGISLATIVE MATTERS AT ALBANY. 

The Patent Cork Bill IVohably Dead— The Phannacy Law Amend- 
ment to be Fought— Details of the Sftuatloa. 



On Tuesday, February 4, a hearing was held before the 
Flealth Committee of the Assembly on the Slater pure food 
bill, the only r^resentative of the drug trade appearing being 
William Muir, of Brooklyn. On Wednesday the Marshall 
patent cork bill was up for a hearing before the Senate Com- 
mittee on Health. This bill was vigorously opposed by sev- 
eral representatives of the drug interests of New York City, 
including Joseph Weinstein, of the Retail Druggists' Associa- 
tion; Geo. Kleinau, of the New Yorker Deutscher Apotheker 
Verein; G. H. Hitchcock, of the Manhattan Pharmaceutical 
Association; William McConnell, of the Board of Trade, and 
William Muir, of the Kings County Parmaceutical Society. 
Messrs. Bradt and Michaells, of Albany, also appeared in op- 
position to the measure, which will no doubt be unfavorably 
reported by the committee. The amendment to the explosives 
Mil, proposed by Senator Audet, which exempts soda water 
from the operations of the law, was set down for a hearing 
on Wednesday, but no hearing was had, 4t being postponed 
until next week. On Tuesday of this week (February 11) a 
hearing will be given on the pharmacy amendment referred 
to below. 

MEW POISON OOBC BILL. 

Senator Marshall's bill, known as the special cork bill, re- 
ferred to in a previous issue, prohibits any drugs^ apothe- 
cary or his clerk or any physician, surgeon or dentist or any 
person carrying on business as a dealer in drugs or medicines, 
selling, giving away or dispensing any poison, poisonous medi- 
cine, drug or preparation in a vial or bottle unless such vial or 
bottle is corked in such a manner as to apprise by the sense of 
touch the person uncorking the same that the contents thereof 
contain poison. This act is not to affect any other law pre- 
scribing other precautions in similar cases, nor apply to patent 
or proprietary medicines. 

Secretary McConnell, of the Drug Trade Section, told the 
Senate Committee that, in his opinion, and he voiced ^he senti- 
ment of prominent drug interests, the bill should not be passed. 
Its effect would be most far-reaching. A preparation might 
contain only a small fraction of strychnine to a dose, but this 
proposed law would require the bottle containing it to be 
corked in the same manner as a bottle of carbolic acid, laud- 
anum or other poison. He pointed out the fact that there Is 
no provision in the bill to secure unlforml^ in the corking of 
bottles of poison, and a variety of corks or devices would de 
feat the supposed object of the measure. After a botfle with 
a patent poison cork had passed to the consumer, it would 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



83 



•often be emptied, he said, and refilled with a household remedy. 
The practical effect of the measure, he thought, would be to 
cause great inconvenience and much expense to the drug and 
-other trades without accomplishing the desired end— namely, 
to protect the public. 

Wm. Mulr expressed similar views. " People at present,** 
he added, " do not at present rely upon the sense of touch to 
<letermine the nature of the contents of a bottle, and I think 
the number of mistakes would be increased rather than di- 
minished. The bill would apply to practically every prescrip- 
tion. Furthermore, ordinary corks are liable to be put into 
bottles of poison, just as at present persons in handling bottles 
pick up any cork that happens to be at hand." 

Others who spoke against the bill were Professor Michaelis 
and Warren L. Bradt, of Albany, representing the State Phar- 
maceutical Association; George Kleinau, of the German Apoth- 
■ecaries' Society, and George H. Hitchcock, of the Manhattan 
Phamiaceutlcal Association. 

Governor Odell. it will be recalled, vetoed a poison bottle 
bill last year. The pending measure is believed by many to be 
of a like nature and its cliancos of passage are considered 
small. 

THE AMENDMENT TO THE PHARMACY J.AW. 

Much interest is being manifested in the proposed amend- 
ment to the pharmacy law which was introduced in the Legis- 
lature on January 1. This amendment was discussed at the 
.last meeting of the New York State Association and its gen- 
eral outline indicated in the resolution adopted by the asso- 
t:iatlon. In October Mr. Stoddart, chairman of the Legisla- 
tive CJommittee of the State Pharmaceutical Association, came 
<]own to New York and held a conference with representatives 
from the Manhattan Pharmaceutical Association, the New 
Yorker Beutscher Apotheker Verein, the Kings County Phar- 
maceutical Society, the Greater New York Association and 
the Retail Bruggists* Association, when the whole subect was 
<3iscussed and tiie general outline for the amendment agreed 
uiion. It was understood that the amendment was to be 
drafted and submitted to the different associations. George 
H. Hitchcock, who represented the Manhattan Pharmaceutical 
Association at this conference, stated that his committee was 
not empowered to pledge the association to support any meas- 
ure agreed upon, but could only report back to the association. 

So far as we can learn tlie final draft of the bill was not 
submitted to the various bodies interested before being intro- 
duced at Albany. It is claimed for the bill, however, that it 
represents fairly the agreement arrived at in the conference. 

The amendment provided for the extension of the fran- 
chise in the eastern section to all members of any incorporated 
pharmaceutical society or association. The Manhattan Phar- 
maceutical Association, as has already been reported, has de- 
cided to opi>ose this amendment, taking the ground that the 
franchise should be extended to all pharmacists without re- 
gard to their affiliation with any society or association, and 
for that reason the Ck>mmittee on Legislation of the Manhat- 
tan Pharmaceutical Association proposes that the amendment 
Introduced by Mr. BUll, of Erie, be not adopted, but that the 
following amendment be substituted, namely, that section 
190, subdivision No. 4, page 4, lines 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13, of 
the bill, be repealed as intended, and that the new matter 
therein printed and underscored be amended to read as fol- 
lows: 

" The election of the members of said Board of Pharmacy 
for the eastern section shall occur at a meeting of licensed 
pharmacists and druggists to be held in the month of June of 
each ye:ir. The State Board of Pharmacy shall designate a 
date in said month, and a suitable place in the city of New 
York, for said meeting, and shall give at least fifteen days' 
notice of said time and place to all licensed pharmacists and 
druggists residing in said section, according to their books of 
registration; and no person shall be entitled to a vote at such 
election unless hi> be a lawfully registered pharmacist or 
druggist, residing within the said eastern section, and such 
election shall be by ballot." 

The hearing upon this measure will come up on next Tues- 
day, February 11, at Alb.«iny. The Legislative Committee of 
the Manhattan Pharmaceutical Association are very much in 
earnest in the matter, and it is expected that they will appear 
to urge the substitution of their amendment for that intro- 
duced by Senator Hill. 

THE SODA WATER LAW 

A prominent representative of drug and other interests who 
will attend the hearing at Albany to-morrow said: 

*• The recent decision of the State Supreme Court confirm- 
ing the act passed at the last session of the Legislature, with 
a view to preventing the use of carbonators by druggists and 
confectioners, renders some action necessary in the interest 
of all soda water dispensers. 



" The act was apparently passed solely in the interest of 
a few soda water manufacturers, whose trade was being re- 
duced by the growing sale of carbonators. It is manifestly a 
gross injustice to dispensers to be compelled to buy their soda 
water from a manufacturer at ten cents a gallon when they 
can manufacture it themselves for one cent. We believe that 
the proper couT*se to pursue to secure justice is to bring the 
matter again before the Legislature, and that the latter will 
annul or amend last year's act, for the reason that in passing 
it it had no idea that it would apply to the manufacture of 
soda water. The heading of the act refers only to gunpowder 
and other explosives, and the law make.«i no mention of soda 
water or carbonic acid gas. 

*• Senator Ford, who introduced the bill last year, has stated 
that the manufacture of soda water was not contemplated in 
its provisions. For fifty years soda water has been made 
in tenement houses, and during all that time not a single in- 
stance can be shown of injury to a family or member of a 
family residing in the same building where the manufacture 
has been carried on. 

*" The law as it stands to-day benefits only a few manufac- 
turers of soda water, whose Interest it is to prevent individual 
druggists and dispensers from making their own soda water, 
so that they themselves may furnish the dispensers therewith 
at a price many times greater than the dispenser can himself 
manufacture for." 

THE PURE DRUG BILL. 

At the hearing to-morrow, the enactment of the Slater Pure 
Drug Bill will be advocated. The bill seeks to prevent adul- 
teration of and deception in the sale of drugs, chemicals and 
other substances mentioned in the U. S. Pharmacopoeia. The 
Attention of the Assembly Committee will be called to the 
necessity of such legislation in the interest of public health, 
especially in view of the discovery of extensive adulteration 
in many articles or drugs, through investigations conducted 
under the auspices of the State Board of Pharmacy. Those 
investigations showed that such products as cream of tartar, 
spices, mustard, borax and the like, sold at many grocery 
stores in this city, were nothhig more than preparations or 
mixtures of foreign substances, some samples containing only 
a slight trace of the genuine article. The State Board of Phar- 
macy's jurisdiction, however, is, under the present law. con- 
4ned to drug stores and pharmacies, and while the board is 
not responsible for the introduction of the Slater bill, the lat- 
ter. If passed, will materially enlarge the board's powers, so 
that it may reach and correct the abuses referred to. 

The bin provides, among other things, that "no person, 
firm or corporation shall add to or remove from any drug 
medicine, pharmaceutical preparation, chemical or substance 
recognized or authorized in the U. S. Pharmacopoeia, any in- 
gredient or material for the purpose of adulteration or sub- 
stitution, or which shall deteriorate the quality, commercial 
value or medicinal effect, or which shall alter the nature or 
composition of such drug." etc., " so that it shall differ from 
the standard strength, quaUty or purity established by the 
latest edition of the U. S. Pharmacopoeia." The bill prohibits 
the sale or offering for sale of such adulterated products un- 
less they are labeled so as to prevent deception upon the pur- 
chaser. The penalty for each and every violation of the act 
is |25, the penalty to inure to the State Board of Pharmacy 
which is authorized to bring suit in its own name against of- 
fenders in any court of the State having jurisdiction. 

AN ANTI-SAMPLINa BILL. 

A bill has been Introduced in the New York State Legisla- 
ture by Mr. Rlchter, entitled "An act to amend the Penal 
Code by prohibiting the careless distribution of medicines, 
drugs and chemicals." The bill adds a new section to the 
Penal Code, numbered 405b, and provides that any person who 
distributes any free or trial samples of any medicine, drug, 
chemical or chemical compound, by leaving the same exposed 
upon the ground, sidewalk, porch, doorway or in any other 
manner that children may become possessed of the same, shall 
be guilty of a misdemeanor. 

This section shall not apply to the direct delivery of any 
such article to an adult 



Regfistered m Massachusetts. 

During January the Massachusetts Board of Pharmacy held 
four examinations and granted certificates to the following 
candidates: Mergerdlph Boyajlan, Boston; Michael F. Sullivan, 
Pall River; Charles E. Bagley, Boston; John J. AUman, South- 
bridge; George A. Bdmands, Boston; Prank J. Moriarty, Bos- 
ton; Charlen H. Racon, Danvors; William D. Macpherson, 
Boston; Frank N. Glle, Boston; Harry A. Bartholomew, Bos- 
ton; Joseph A. Radcot. Chelsea, and Abraham G. Boitman, 
Boston. Alessrs. Boyajlan and Edmands are students at the 
M. C. P. 



■r AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



Oliinurv. 



jAHKs w. TDrrs. 

James W. TafU. president of the American Soda Fonntaln 
Company, of Borton, founder of the famons Plnehnrrt col- 
ony In North Carolina, died of heart disease at his residence 
In North Carolina on February 2. He went Sonth January 7, 
and at that time seemed to be In unueaally good health. The 
body will be brought to Medford. James W. Tufts was born 
In Charlestown, February 11. 1830. He was educated In the 
public schools. In his boyhood he developed an aptitude for 
buslnesa and often earned pin money by peddling losengea 
about the street. In his early teens he was apprenticed to ■ 
druggist In Oharleatown. When 21 he purchased a drug stor* 
In Somerville. Later he sold out and then purchased a store 
Id Medford. This place was also sold, and he then began In 
Wohnrn, and about the same time secured an Interest in the 
■tore comer of Washington and Hanover streets, Boston. - 

Mr Tufte became a manufacturer of soda fountains al- 
most by acddent. He wanted an apparatus for his own store 
in Medford, and designed It and had it made. It seemed to 
be Ruch a good thing that he had a few more made, and of- 
fered them for sale. From this small beginning was gradually 
developed the big soda fountain plant on Congress street. He 
was a member of the Unitarian Church of Medford and of the 
Twentieth Oentory Club of Boston. He was an unostenta- 
tiouB philanthropist, and was especially Interested In the Nortt 
End Mission. He treated his employees liberally, and estab- 
lished profit Bharting for their benefit In 1888. Mr. Tufts is 
the father of Plnehnrst, N, 0. Teats ago he bought a tract of 
a dosen acres there, laid out the town In a beautiful manner, 
erected public bnlldlngs, cottages and a hotel with accommoda- 
tions for 200 guests. , ,, ,. J . 

Mrs. I'ufts, a son, Leonard Tufts, of Medford, and a 
daughter. Mrs. W. T. Jenny, of Medford, survive. 

The funeral was held at his late home In Medford on Feb- 
ruary ^ In the morning a special memorial service was held 
for the employees. The service was attended by a vctj large 
number, who went out In a body from Boston, and Included 
men who had grown old and gray In his employ, eitendlng In 
some cases over a period of more than thirty years, dowii to 
the youngest ofllce boy. all eager to pay affectionate tribute to 
the man who had been bo much to them. The regular serv- 
Ices for friends and relatives was In the afternoon. 

The offices and factories of the company all over tne umtea 
States were closed; aot a wheel moved, and never was man 
more sincerely mourned than by those who came in such close 
contact with this honest, upright, tender and thoughtful man. 

EHtL aOaBFFBB. 

Prof Emil Scheffer. the well-known chemist and manufae- 
tnrer of pepsin, died on January 22 at his home In LonisviUe, 
kT He W been confined to his bed for three months. His 
Mndldon became critical foor days before he died and the 
oatlent sank steadily to the end. Professor Scheffer was bom 
n Stuttgart. Wnrtembcrg. Germany. July 7. 1822 He came 
to America to 1846. In 1860 he entered the dmg bustnew in 
Louisville. For many years be conducted a store on Market. 



between Floyd and Preston, It was as discoverer of a new 
process of making pepsin in ISTO that Professor Scheffer was 
trest known. The announcement of his discovery was made In 
the American Journal of Pharmacy for March, 1S70. Hl» 
process solved the problem of an economical and effective 
method for the preparation of liquid pepsin. Two years later 
he published the formula for making saccharated pepsloL 
Professor Scheffer waa one of the founders of the Lonlsvllle 
College of Pharmacy and was associated with that Institution 
at the time of his death. In 1K)7 he retired from business. 
I'rofesEor Scheffer married Mrs. Knelss. who was formerly 
Miss Olivia Beckham. The surviving children are Emll Schef- 
fer, Jr.. Misses Minnie L. Scheffer and Ida F. Scheffer. Mrs. 
Olivia Owlngs and E. B. Scheffer. All were with him whea 
he died. Th4 will of Professor Emll Scheffer was probated 
on January 81. He gives 91,000 to his sisters In Stuttgart. 
Germany, and his chemical apparatus and library are glveit 
to the Loolsville College of Pharmacy. His grandchildren are- 
given the Jewelry. The residue of the estate Is left to the 
testator's children, but his daughter. Mrs. Ollle B. Owlngs. 
Is to be charged with |1,000 expended on her wedding ou^t. 
Testator's sons, Emll Scheffer and Ed. B. Scheffer. are nameA 
as executors. 

After a brief lUuess of two days, William Kadam, well 
known as the msnufacturer of Itadani's Microbe Killer, at 
1210 Broadway, died Inst week at his home, 124 West ElighU- 
etb street 

Cliarles W. Pordy. the last member of the wholesale drug 
drm of Patterson & Purdy, of this city, died at his bome In 
Brooklyn on Sunday, February 3, of pneumonia, after a weA'* 
illness. The deceased was in his sixty-third year. He was bom 
in this city and was a descendant of the Debevoise family, 
which settled on IjOng Island over 200 years ago. 

One of the btst known members of the wholesale dm( 
trade of this city. William B. Stafford, died at his home. 60 
West Ninety-second street, last Monday. Bom In Madison, 
N. T„ in 1818. he came to New Tork In 18tS5, and soon there- 
after became a member of the wt^olesale dmg firm of Dudley 
& Stafford. Although he retired from active buslnesa In 1872. 
tie still continued to look after his business Interests. From 
1877 to 1894 be was president of the North River Savings 
Bank. 

Charles E. Coombs, Ph.C, of 270 Massachusetts avraine. 
died very suddenly on the morning of January 8. He dosed 
the store the night before and was found dead In bed Uie next 
morning. He had suffered from a throat ailment for a number 
of years, but was In apparently good bealtb when last seen 
alive, The cause was acute laryngitis and asthma. Mr. 
Coombs had been In business for himself about fifteen year» 
and was extremely popular with the trade. He was a native of 
Maine, where the remains were taken for burial. He was » 
Knlgbt Templar and a member of the Ancient and Honorable 
Artillery Company. 

Gerhard Mennen, the well-known manufacturer of Uen- 
nen's Talcum Powder, died at Ms home In Newark, N. J., on 
February 8. He contracted a severe cold during the holldaya, 
which developed Into pneumonia. The decased was about 46- 
.vears of age. He was bom In Germany and came to tbls 
country when quite young. He established a dmg store In 
Newark some 20 years ago, and It was there that he flrrt 
started to manufacture the preparation which has since made 
his name n familiar one throughout the country. A few years 
ago he sold his dmg store and devoted his time and attention 
to his other Interests. His wife and two children survive him. 
liie funeral took place on Thursday. He was a member of 
the Sane Lodge of Masons, the Board of Trade, American 
Pharmaceutical Association and other organisations. 

James S, Barclay, a veteran Chicago dmgglst, died Jan- 
uary 23, at bis home In Oak Park, He had passed bis seventy- 
first birthday by only six days when death came. He was 
bom at Russelvllle, Ky., and teamed the dmg business in 
Philadelphia In 1850 to 1864. In 1807 he went into the wholo- 
saie business with his brother, P. W, Barclay, at Cairo, III., a re- 
tall store being establlsbed later. In 1888 the partnership was 
dissolved, and in 1S91 Mr. Barclay moved his retail busInesB 
to 103 Marion street, Oak Park, where he has been ever since. 
He leaves a widow, a daughter and two sons. The funeral 
took place January 26 at the Methodist Chnroh, tu the suburb 
of Oak Park. It was arranged by a Masonic fraternity and 
the Chicago Veteran Drngglsts' Association. The vetemns 
were represented by the following: John Block!, Tboma« 
Braun. Paul J. Bebrens. William J, Baxter, W. Bodemann, Al- 
bert E. Bbert W. K. Forsyth, Charles W. Orassley, T. N. 
Jsnileson, T. H. Pntterson. F. J. Schroeter, Louis Wolters- 
dorf, L, K. Walron, Robert Stevenson, Sidney G. Manny. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



8S 



Bmlle Bnmor, Fhar.D., wliose answer to tlie question, 
What Is the Beet Method of Filing PreecrlptlDDs? Id the Berie§ 
of BubecrlberB' DlBcusslona begun with the pi'eeent Tolnme 
of the AuKHicAn Dbvqoist, was adjudged the best submitted, 
and to whom the prize of 110.00 was awarded, conducts a soc- 
cessful pharmacy known as the Bed Croes Pharmacy at 2tMS 
Eighth avenue. New York. Dr. Bnmor Is a naUve Parislaa, 
having been bom In Paris In 1876. He was graduated from 
the Brooklyn Coliegeof Pharmacy In 1897, where he won the 
senior gold medal for possessing the highest percentage of 
marbs In his class; and he was the class valedictorian. A year 
later he graduated as Doctor of Pharmacy, and afterward 
studied medicine for three years at the Long Island College 
Boapltal, but forsook his medical career to open a drug store, 
to which he now gives his whole attention. 

GR-EATER NEW YOR.K. 

William 8. Mersereau, of Schleffelin & Co., who has been 
spending several weeks in Europe, arrived on the Lncanla 
from Liverpool Inst week. 

The North Hudson DrngglBtB' Association held an enter- 
tainment at Ruth's Hall on January fl. The programme was 
arranged by H. Eckert and Wm. Kyvlts, of West Hoboken. 

The Retail Druggists' Association of Paterson, N. J., held 
a banquet In that city on January 9. Speeches were made by 
President W. E. lllll, Vice-President R. W. Loveland, aecre- 
lary Q. H. Ooldlng ond Treasurer L. W. Kent. 

G. 0. Welsman, of Victor Koechl & Co., accompanied by 
bis wife, Is now sojourning In Europe, having sailed recently 
OD the steamship I.ahn, They expect to be abroad several 
weeks and will visit the chief points of Interest In Bonthern 
Europe. 

A frand order has boon Iraued from Washington, D. C, 
to stop the mall of the Herba-Onra Company, at 100 Maiden 
lone. This concern advertised to give away sewing machlnee 
to women who would sell enough of the concern's pills. ■' Send 
$2 for eight boxes," was the proposition. 

The Post OlBce Department has Issued a fraud order 
against the Empire Perfume Company, of 330 Fulton street, 
Brooldyn. The concern are denied the use of the malls be- 
cause, as alleged, they advertised to give Jeweh^ away with 
ordcre for perfumes, and forgot, at times, to Inclose the valu- 
ables. 

The well-known firm of Battello & Kenwick, who were es- 
tablished over sixty years ago and during that period have 
occupied their present quarters at 163 Front street, have been 
Incorporated nnder the same name, with the following officers: 
President, John G. Steenkeu; vice-president and treasurer, E. 
J. Brockett, and secretary, William J. Bennett 

On account of 111 health Andrew B. Rogers, of Rogera & 
Pyatt, Is contemplating a trip to the Pacific Coast Mr. Rogers 
bos not been ^oylug the best of health for some time, and on 
the advice of his physician he has decided to give np active 
participation In business In order to recuperate. Accompanied 
by his wife and daughter, he will probably visit some of the 
Sonthem States on his way to the coast 



The druggists of the town of Hempstead, L. L, have formed 
an association to promote their Interests and to regulate the 
price of medicines; also, to see that the law regarding the sale 
of medicines and the compounding of prescriptions Is enforced. 
The officers chosen for the first year are as follows: President 
G. W. Caldwell, of Rockvllle Centre; vice-president William E. 
Golder, of Freeport; secretary, Charles W. Bedell, of Freeport; 
treasurer, Carman R. Lush, of Hempstead. Qxecutlve Com- 
mittee: Adolpb Englehard, of lAwrence; Thomas Scott ef 
Baldwin; Edward T. Thurston, of Rockvllle Centre; Anthony 
Ertel, of Hempstead; Thomas Johnson, of Freeport 

The copartnership heretofore existing between Andrew B. 
Sogers and Runyon Fyatt, under the firm name of Rogers & 
Pyatt prominent Importers and manufacturers of drugs, shel- 
lacs, etc, has been dissolved, Mr. Rogers withdrawing. The 
business, however, will be continued by a corporation formed 
under the laws of New Tork State by Mr. Pyatt and Henry 
8. Chatfleld. under the corporate name of Rogers & Pyatt 
The new firm assume all liabUltles and the business will be 
continned in the same building at 78 and 80 Maiden lane. Mr. 
Pyatt has been chosen president and Mr. Chatfleld secretary 
and treasurer. Mr. Andrew B. Rogers is one of the oldest 
active members of the drug trade in this city, having begna 
biiBlneSB in 1886 with the late Charles Downer. Owing to ill 
health be has been obliged to retire from active business, al- 
though he still retains a financial interest In the new firm. 
The old firm of Rogers & Pyatt were formed some twenty 
odd years ago as wholesale druggists and Importers, making 
a spedalty of shellac and bleached shellac. Prior to that time 
they were In partnership as drug brokers. Mr. Ciutfield hss 
been connected with the firm for several years. 

The annual meeting of the Manufacturing Perfumers' As- 
sociation of the United States will be held in this city on 
Thursday and Friday of this week. The bnslness sessions 
will be held In the rooms of the Down Town Club, on Pine 
street A dinner and a vaudeville performance on Thursday 
evening will be a social feature of the meeting. Manufactur- 
ing perfumers from all parts of the country are expected to be 
present President James E. Davis, of Detroit, will preside 
and will make a report on the work accomplished by the as- 
sociation during the past year, and also on the present con- 
ditions of the trade. Reports will also be made by the stand- 
ing committees, among the latter being the Committee on Leg- 
islation, Henry Dalley. of New Tork, chalnnan; the Committee 
on Importations and Undervaluations, Richard A. Hudnut of 
thl6 city, chairman, and the Committee on Freight and Trans- 
portation, Justin B. Smith, of Detroit, chairman. The pro- 
posed reciprocity treaty with France will probably be one of 
ttie subjects discussed, since it contains a provision redudng 
the duty on manufactured i^rfumes 10 per cent The asso- 
ciation la ntre.idy on record as being opp<»ed to the ratifica- 
tion of the treaty. 



CASE AGAINST PHARMACY INSPECTOR 
DISMISSED. 



A Letter from the Eastern Branch of the Board. 
The case of Theodore Lorena, an ex-lnapector of the East- 
em Section of the New York State Board of Pharmacy, who 
was charged with extortion and held for the Grand Jury, as 
told In the Aubbicas DnuaaisT for January 13, was deemed to 
be not a Grand Jury case by that body, which sent It to the 
Court of Special Sessions, where it was beard on Wednesday, 
February 6, Justices Keady, Fleming and Forker on the bench, 
the first named presiding. When the caae was called Hlerool- 
muB A. Herold, the attorney of the local Board of Pharmacy, 
appeared for Iiorons, and moved the discharge of the prisoner 
on several grounds. Reciting the case In detail, Mr. Herold 
contended that the facts In the complaint did not constitute 
the crime of extortion, though larceny might be charged, but 
he would not admit even this. Justice Forker asked If Lorens 
was not a public officer, and Mr. Herold showed that the board 
bad no power to appoint a public officer In the legal sense; 
Lorens was merely a servant of the local Board of Pharmacy. 
Justice Forker said that under section 62S of the Penal Code 
the facta In the complaint constituted petty larceny, presiding 
Justice Keady agreeing, upon which Mr. Herold read the sec- 
tion in qoeetlon. Justice Fleming then announced that he 
would hold that a charge of petty larceny could not be estab- 
lished by the evidence. Presiding Justice Keady then called 
Lorenz to the bar, and said: "The complaint against yon Is 
dismissed, and yon are discharged." Justice Forker thereupon 



86 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



asked the stenograplier to note his dissenting opinion, which 
he voiced in set terms. 



In connection with our previous report of this case, the fol- 
lowing communication comes to us from the secretary of the 
Eastern branch of the State Board of Pharmacy: 
To the Editor: 

Sir,— In the issue of your journal dated January 13 the fol- 
lowing article appears: " Despite the testimony adduced at the 
trial, the board sought to vindicate the inspector by reinstating 
him, which was done at a special meeting. However, in order 
seemingly to * save its face,* the board immediately afterward 
* created a vacancy * in the Brooklyn department, and the of- 
fice which Lorenz held has now supposedly ceased to exist" 

These statements are entirely without foundation in fact, 
and are devoid of truth, as could easily have been ascertained 
by an inspection of the board records. As these statements 
are a serious reflection on the integrity of the Eastern branch 
of the State Board of Pharmacy, this body expects you to as- 
certain the real facts In the matter and to publish them in your 
next issue in as prominent a position as that accorded the orig- 
inal statements. I am Respectfully yours, 

Sidney Fabeb, 
Secretary Eastern branch. State Board of Pharmacy. 

[The foregoing refers evidently to the concluding paragraph 
of the news article in the Amebican Druggist for January 13, 
page 18, in which an account of the police court proceedings 
at which Lorenz was held for the Grand Jury was given. The 
only statement there which could be termed erroneous is that 
in which it is set forth that the board sought to vindicate the 
inspector, despite the testimony adduced at the trial. This was 
an inadverent misstatement which the American Druggist 
regrets. Our reference applied to an earlier police court pro- 
.ceeding. As to our statement regarding the action of the 
board in reinstating the inspector and afterward removing 
him by "creating a vacancy" in the Brooklyn department 
we had this on the very best authority— namely, from a mem- 
lyer of the board itself.— Ed.] 



THE AMERICAN DRUGGISTS' NEWS COLUMNS 



Warm Words of Commendation* 

To the Editor: 

Sir,— I received my copy of the American Druggist to^ay, 
and I want to congratulate you upon the excellent report of 
matters pharmaceutical which it contained for the Eastern 
Section. Your editorial, Wanted: An All State Board, was 
most carefully thought out, and very ably written; while 
your report of the meeting of the Manhattan Pharmaceutical 
Association was -very accurate and very complete, and your 
account of the hearing before the Senate Health Committee on 
the proposed amendments to the present pharmacy law was 
correctiy given and unbiased. This kind of work should and 
will commend your journal to the pharmacists of the Eastern 
Section, yes, of the whole country. Again complimenting you 
upon so full a report of what is taking place in pharmaceutical 
<'lrcles, I am, Very respectfully yours, 

G. H. Hitchcock, 
Vice-president of the New York State Pharmaceutical Associa- 
tion, treasurer of the Manhattan Pharmaceutical Associa- 
tion, and chairman of the Committee on Legislation. 
New York, January 26, 1902. 



THE ALUMNI BALL. 



The Gfeatest Succen of the Sefiei— Nearly a Thousand in At- 

tendence— Dandng TiU Daylight* 

The seventh annual concert and ball of the Alumni Asso- 
ciation of the College of Pharmacy of the City of New York,^ 
which was held at the Lenox Lyceum on Thursday evening, 
February 6, was the most successful of the series, each of 
which has been an Improvement on its predecessor. When the 
first of these balls was undertaken seven years ago, the pro- 
moters were met with dire prognostications as to the results 
of their eiforts to get the druggists of the city together on a 
social basis. So successful have these efforts proven that on 
Thursday evening over six hundred people participated in 
the grand march, and even with this large number on the 
floor the boxes and galleries were well filled, and it is probable 
that there were not far from a thousand persons in attend- 
ance during the course of the evening. The proportion of 



dancers among those present was unusually large, and the 
only drawback to the pleasure of the evening was the fact that 
during the early part of the ball the floor was uncomfortably 
crowded. The Committee of Arrangements are earnestly dis- 
cussing the question us to whether the Grand Central Palace 
or Madison Square Garden will be required to accommodate 
the still larger number which will undoubtedly attend the 
eighth annual ball in 1903. 

The march was led by Charles S. Erb, president of the as- 
sociation, accompanied by Mrs. Erb. H. A. Herold, '94, acted 
as floor manager, assisted by Ed. T. Pfaff, jr., *00, and an able 
committee. The members of the Executive Committee were: 
Fred. Borggreve, chairman; Chas. H. Bjorkwall, Henry J. K. 
Binder, jr.; Bruno R. Dauscha, Geo. C. Diekman, M.D.; Wm. 
H. Ebbitt, Leo W. Gelsler, Jr.; L. F. Gregorlus. Nelson S. Kirk, 
Eugene F. Lohr, Frank N. Pond, Joseph Pierson, Geo. E. 
Schwelnfurth, K. H. Timmermann, Fred. Wichelns. 
A partial list of those present is given below: 
Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert T. Reeder, Mr. and Mrs. W. E. H. 
Schneider, Wm. Hauenstein, Miss Renz, Mr. and Mrs. Erb, 
Mr. and Mrs. W. M. Davis, Mr. and Miss Muir. Mr. and Mrs. 
Frank Wanior, Max Miriamson, Mr. and Mrs. Raffler, Mr. and 
Miss Dick, T. M. Davles, Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Kleins, F. P. and 
Mrs. TuthlU, Joseph Geisler, Mr. and Mrs. Martin. Utica, N. 
Y.; Charles F. Schleussner, Oscar Goldman, H. Kantrowitz, 
Dr. Gustav Pfingsten, Mr. and ^Mrs. A. Major, Miss Major. 
Mr. and Mrs. R. Schoenfeldt, S. Chears, Mrs. Levy, Miss Mae 
Bei-nhardt, Misses Carrie and Rosalie Schwarz, Miss Rosalie 
Schwarz, of Chicago; Miss Lillian Callahan, Miss Sadie Quig- 
ley. Miss Mamie Quigley, Miss Ida B. Kahnus, Mrs. Dr. L. 
Splngarn, Eugene J. Ward, Miss Lucy D. Williamson, Miss 
Katharine S. Anderson, Miss Carolyn Reidmiller, Miss E. 
Irene Scout, S. E. Siskar, E. Siskar, Mrs. F. J. O'Rourke, Miss 
E. Wenige, W. Mayne Schellhammer, Mrs. Hugo P. Geisler, 
Saginaw, Mich.; Miss A. McKenna, Miss N. McKenna, New 
Hampshire; Mrs. J. J. Brown, Mrs. L. C. Herdfelder, Mrs. J. 
Livingston, Miss E. Sllbie, Miss Delia Clarke. Miss M. Frances 
Pfingsten, Miss Marie C. Pfingsten, W. Ward, Edward and 
Miss Roland. Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Delnosky, Dr. and Mrs. Ru- 
dolph Gies, J. W. Travis, L. W. Geisler, jr., *94; Geo. J. Durr, 
'95; A. D. Ellsworth, '01; H. P. Fordham, '02; M. Kassal, '02; 
Fred. K. Stock. T. Bruce Fumival, *98; Geo. W. Geschwind, 
'97; Mr. and Mrs. L. B. Jandorf, P. St Cappe, Miss E. V. Cappe, 
St. M. Dixon. Miss Anna G. Blinn, Edward T. Pfaflf, R. H. 
Zimmerman, '96; Fred. C. Gans, '96; Al. Voltz, '05; W. Oliver 
Patton. Miss Rose Lauri, W. B. Fitch, Miss Rose Shevlin, 
Leonard F. B. Geiry, '02; Geo. H. Ihnen, Jos. F. Emmons, '02; 
A, W. Hobey, '00; F. N. Ames. '02; Edw. E. Kahn. H. P. Hill, 
jr., '01; Mr. and Mrs. S. V. B. Swann, M. D. Tuyasch, Abraham 
Bakst. John M. Tobin, J. L. Lascoff, Amelia Fendler, Ph.G.. 
M.D.; Julius Tannebaum, M.D., Ph.G., '93; Jas. H. Rogers and 
Miss Rogers, Wm. A. Hoburg, jr., and Miss Hoburg. Charles 
P. Loeser, Miss M. D. Hoerle, Miss Fr. Hoerle, George C. 
Halbe, Alfred Levi, Paterson, N. J.; A. L. Schulthles. Paterson, 
N. J.; J. H. Howard, '03, Utica, N. Y.; J. H. J. Slaven, '03, 
Utica, N. Y.; W. J. McGurty, '03, Little Falls; C. M. Dunhau, 
Mr. and Mrs. H. C. Boysen, Mrs. W. Ihnen, Miss A. Higgens, 
A. Nltschke, Chas. Barthen, jr.; Miss Mary Lyons, L. G. 
Scharmkow, F. Widmayer, '01; A. C. Thompson, J. D. Murphy, 
W. B. Revel, H. L. Dechaert, J. H. Droon, J. M. Graeve, J. S. 
Maxwell, S. Jack Lawrence, B. R. Dausche, M. J. Levitt, M.D.; 
Nathan Levitt, P. E. Zahn, A. G. Gilmore, '03; E. F. Burke. 
'03; Roy Duckworth, '03; D. H. Dudley, '03; L. Hermes, '02; 
E. J. Emelin, W. D. Dannheimer, jr.; Maurice R. Thurlow, 

C. Lewis Stephens, C. T. Rlchter, Will Claxton, E. M. Reynolds, 
J. C. M. Makholm, Mr. and Mrs. W. B. Damm, Mr. and Mrs. 

D. M. Nolaman, Frederick W. Knapp, Mr. and Mrs. B. B. Ham- 
lin, C. T. Dill. Oscar Dittman and Miss Dittman, Geo. P. 
Hermes, O. Datter, '99; F. M. Suling. '01; E. B. Bngstrom, '01; 
J. J. P'enton. '00; Benj. M. Menke, Thos. E. Ryan, '00; John W. 
Ferrler, '74; Hugo P. Geisler, Saginaw, Mich.; Thos. H. Hether- 
Ington, Miss Suzette Jackson, R. W. Phillips, jr., '02; J. A. 
Custom, Geo. H. Malveny, '68; Mrs. H. Malveny, M. J. Culling, 
C. M. Goldspink, Geo. Hassell. Dr. H. W. S. King, G. B. 
Geisler, M. Kaufmann, Henry Llnd, H. D. Fraser. Sam Hart, 
William Becker, M.D.; S. Krohn, L. Annsbach, J. J. Redmond, 
John Mitchell, Mrs. John Mitchell, Geo. P. Nicholson. Miss 
McMahon, L. S. Patterson, '98; O. S. Kealley, Wm. C. Steuben- 
rauch, Phar.D., '99; Floyd Spence, A. M. Piatt, Francis B. 
Hays, J. Wilson, M.D.; Louis Moes, F. J. O'Rourke, Whitestone, 
L. I.; Edward Baldwin. Whitestone, L. I.; Mr. and Mrs. L. 
J. Finch, jr.; J. E. Shuttelworth, Brooklyn; Miss A. M. Cuzner, 
Brooklyn; C. H. Bjorkwall, Otto E. Bjorkwall. Miss Bjork- 
wall, H. B. Ferguson, Miss Dora Bernhelm, Miss Adele Troup, 
Mrs. F. H. Shaul, Mrs. P. Herz, Miss Elma Muriel Herz, Miss 
Cyrllla Herz, Mrs. A. B. Wilson-Barker, Miss Edith Lewis. 
Miss Estelle Bumham, Mrs. Edwin P. Lant, Miss Kathleen 
Mills, Miss May B. Tucker, Miss Ethel Anderson, Miss Viola 
Allen. Mrs. George H. Hassell, Mrs. Emil Elchler. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



87 



WESTERN NEW YORK. 



Snow aad ButiiiMi Plentiful in Buffalo— Tlie Social Qub a 

— ^Votk of tfte 'WttUta Bfancli. 



MASSACHUSETTS. 

The Botloa Dra ggitis' Aaiociatloii ESedi Offioen— DraggbU Chafged 
with Coo^incT— Drag Stores Bofglarized—'OZ at Dinner— A 
Ctfl-Rate Store for Pittsffeld* 



(From our Regular Correspondent) 

Buffalo, February 4.— The Buffalo druggist has become 
something of an athlete of late by the allopathic use of the 
snow shovel, but he has been able to console himself more or 
less in two directions. Severe weather stimulates trade, and 
there have been so many reports from outside of weather much 
worse than any experienced by him that he is entirely recon- 
ciled to the situation. Business is decidedly improved. There 
is 80 little complaint of irregularities of any sort in the trade 
that everybody is pleased to note that a strong society is a 
great thing, so that there will be no failure to maintain the 
Erie County Pharmaceutical Association in all its vigor as a 
reserve force. 

THE BUFFALO DRUaOISTS* SOCIAL CLUB 

is Steadily becoming more popular and the bowlers are becom- 
ing more active, as one member of the trade after another 
confesses that he is in need of the exercise and drops in for a 
roll. The club was beaten in its late match with the Unions, 
of Buffalo, but it happened that some of the best players were 
obliged to be away. 

TOO MUCH POLITICS. 

Druggist Thomas Stoddart, of Buffalo, is having a large 
increase of exi)erience in political affairs in his capacity of 
City Councilman. He was scarcely in office before the city 
treasuryship was vacant, and in the deadlock that ensued over 
the choice of a successor it was necessary to hold meetings of 
the Common Council nearly every day for three weeka At 
last he became so disgusted over the proceedings that he Joined 
in a side movement that broke the deadlock and restored the 
old order of things. 

THE WESTERN BBAMCH OF THE BOABD. 

At the last examination held by the ^Vestem Branch of the 
State Board of Pharmacy at Buffalo, M. A. Richter was given 
a pharmacist's license and F. G. Bitter and F. G. Briggs drug- 
gists' licenses. All hold positions in Buffalo drug stores. Most 
of the candidates were rejected. Numerous exchanges of old 
State or county licenses for new State licenses were made. 

Secretary Reimann, of the branch, is giving practically all 
his time to the examination of store licenses, which are coming 
in very fast and in great part defective in some way, so that 
they have to be returned for completion or correction. This 
requires a great amount of clerical work. 

The NewB of Kingston* 

Kingston, February 7.— The Kingston Drug Club is a flour- 
ishing organization, which has been in existence two years. 
It has well fulfilled the object of its existence, and has been 
produbtive of a kindly feeling among the druggists of this 
city. At the annual election of officers, held January 21, the 
following were chosen: President, Chas. C. Ten Broeck; vice- 
president, Chas. L. McBride; secretary, Wm. M. Cooper; treas- 
urer, John S. Bums. 

As a Committee on Trade Interests the president appointed 
H. G. Connelly, jr., Chas. L. McBride and John H. Bltlnge. 

EABLY CLOSING IN KINGSTON. , 

The druggists of Kingston are now following their annual 
custom of closing their stores at 8 o'clock each evening, except 
Saturday evening. This custom is followed from January 1 
to April 1. An arrangement has been in force in the upper 
imrt of the dty for one year and has been found entirely sat- 
isfactory; it will therefore be continued indefinitely. 

C. O. Ten Broeck, W. F. Dedrfck and Cooper & Harden- 
burgh take turns in opening Sundays, which gives each drug- 
gist two Sundays out of three for himself. Since then some 
such an arrangement was entered Into by Connelly Drug 
Company, B. W. Johnston and the Laycock Pharmacy in the 
otter end of the city, and it works to the satisfaction of every- 
body. Very soon afterward Chas. L. McBride, Crispell & 
Boughton and John S. Bums, of the central portion of the city* 
made a similar agreement among themselves. 

Mention is made of these facts to show that the tendency 
in favor of less hours for labor is setting in strongly. There 
are peculiar conditions in Kingston, possibly, which render 
arrangements of this kind comparatively easy to make. 



(Frorn our Regular Correspondent) 

Boston, Febmary 5.— The annual meeting and dinner of the 
Boston Dmggists' Association was held at Young's Hotel on 
January 28. At the business meeting routine matters were 
transacted. Samuel A. D. Sheppard's name was proposed for 
membership and the following officers were elected: President, 
Fred. A. Hubbard; treasurer, George H. Ingraham; secretary, 
James O. Jordan; Bxecutive Committee, Reuben L. Richard- 
sou, chairman; George F. Kellog, Dr. Albert Nott, Joel S. 
Ome, Elliot W. Keyes, Cornelius P. Flynn, and William D. 
Wheeler; Membership Committee, Amos K. Tilden, chairman; 
Henry Canning, John G. Godding, Frank A. Davidson and 
William F. Sawyer. Mr. Hubbard is the second man to be 
favored with a nomination to the presidency of this associa- 
tion. At the dinner President Hubbard sat at the head of the 
table and the speakers were Hon. Rufus A. Soule, Hon. James 
J. Myers, William J. Bullock, Henry Bally, James F. Guerln 
and Samuel A. D. Sheppard, Ph.G. 

CHAKQED WITH CONSPIBACY. 

The alleged overcharge for medicines recently reported at 
Lawrence was finally brought to the attention of the grand 
jr.ry, and as a result eleven prominent citizens of that city 
arc charged with conspiracy. Among the number are the fol- 
lowing druggists: John H. Greer, Ph.G.; John J. Forest, pro- 
prietor of two stores; Albert E. Roy, a clerk In the store of 
N. E. Miville; John H. Cronin, William J. Duffy and John F. 
O'Sullivan. One of the defendants, not a druggist, in an in- 
terview just published, states that the trial will reveal the 
innocence of all the persons involved. 

BUEGLABS PABTIAL TO DEUG STOBES. 

Burglars have been active in East Boston and drag stores 
have been their special prey. On one night three stores were 
raided, and two of the stores had been visited before, when 
the thieves made a clean sweep in the money line. The three 
stores were those of G. H. Packard, Ph.G., Central square; 
Cobum's, Meridian street, and Carlton W. Crocker's, Lexing- 
ton street At Mr. Crocker's the thieves secured $15. 

A CLASS DINNBB. 

The class of 1902, M. C. P., held their annual dinner at 
Young's Hotel on the evening of January 27. It was a merry 
affair. President J. W. Burke occupied the seat of honor' and 
M. V. Paddock was the toastmaster. The speakers were 
Messrs. Ackerman, Bennett, Lyston, Hawthorne, Mayo, Blake, 
Hull and Marshall. Music was furnished by the M. C. P. 
Qiiartette. The menu was cleverly arranged and contained 
some happy take-offs on the teaching corps of the school. 

A CUT BATE BTOBE IN PITTSFIELD 

It Is reported that Dr. W. H. Currier & Co., of Plttsfield, 
who were formerly cutters, but who have lately been acting 
in concert with the local trade, have joined the Drag Mer- 
chants of America, the organization of big cutters, and with 
their backing will open a cut-rate establishment. 



Troy Drugfgfsts Banqtict« 

Troy^ January 29.— The first annual banquet of the Pharma- 
ceutical Association of Troy and vicinity took place last night 
at the Altruria and was a great success. 

Seated at the speakers' table were Henry Schneider, presi- 
dent of the association; Warren L. Bradt, of Albany, secretary 
of the Middle Branch of the State Board of Pharmacy; W. A. 
Thompson, X, M. Knowlson, W. Leland Thompson, Frederick 
Schneider, Arthur M. Wight, representing ttie Chamber of 
Commerce; Charles E. Shacklady, and Charles F. Polk. Presi- 
dent Schneider acted as toastmaster most acceptably. After 
President Schneider had made an address of welcome and ex- 
tended a cordial greeting to all, he introduced the speakers, as 
follows: Warren L. Bradt, William A. Thompson, Chas. F. 
Polk, Fred. Schneider, A. M. Wight and A. M. Knowlson. Let- 
ters of regret were read from William C. Anderson, of Brook- 
lyn, and S. H. Carrigan, of New York. The drammers were 
represented by Mr. Jones, of Detroit, Mich., and Robert Rals- 
ton. The success of the event was largely due to the able 
efforts of the Banquet Committee, consisting of J. F. Killilea, 
.Tohn J. Healy and W. G. Adams. 



88 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



PENNSYLVANIA. 



Annual BAeding of the Drug Exchange— Glmbel Bros. May Open 
a Drug Department— A Million Dollar Syndicate— Details of 
the Plan* 

{From our Regular Correspondent.) 

Philadelpliia, February 4.— The forty-flrBt annual meeting 
of the Philadelphia Drug Exchange was held on January 29, 
but, contrary to custom, it was held in the evening, and after 
the election an elaborate banquet was held in the Bourse Res- 
taurant The following officers were elected: President, Adam 
Pfromm, of the firm of Pfromm & Kindig; vice-president, B. 
J. La vino; secretary, William Gulager; treasurer, Bdward H. 
Hance: directors. Dr. Richard V. Mattison, Walter V. Smith, 
John Fergusson, H. B. Rosengarten, Glayton F. Shoemaker, 
Mahlon N. Kline and Gharles E. Hires. 

RUMORS OF A DEPARTMENT STORE CUT RATE ESTABLISHMENT. 

It is rumored that as soon as Glmbel Bros.' new store at 
Eighth and Market streets is completed the comer will 
be devoted to a drug department. All arrangements for con- 
ducting a first-class pharmacy have been made, a manager 
s(*cured and most of the stock purchased. This move is caus- 
ing considerable anxiety in drug circles, as it is believed that 
tho other department stores will follow suit About a year 
ago Lit Bros. & Co. made all arrangements to do a retail drug 
business, and goods were to have been sold at popular prices. 
This company, however, when approached by representatives 
of the retail drunlts, agreed not to open a drug department, 
but it is thought that if one of their competitors should do so 
they will do likewise. 

OROANIZINO A SYNDICATE TO OONTRd^ RETAIL STORES. 

During the latter part of last month there was a conference 
held in this city between a number of well-known retail drug- 
gists and some financial men, with a view of forming a com- 
pany to buy up many of the independent drug stores in Phila- 
delphia. At the meeting a temporary organization was 
formed. John J. McFadden is at the head of the scheme. 
Mr. McFadden conducts two drug stores, one at 1701 South 
Twentieth street and the other at 1440 South Twentieth street 
At the meeting he was chosen temporary chairman, and was 
authorized to confer with the principal Independent druggists 
of this city and invito them to attend a meeting. The capi- 
talization of the new company is to be $1,000,000, to be divided 
in 100,000 shares at $10 a share. 

THE ANNUAL ^UCHRE OF THE P. A. R. D. 

will take place on Tuesday evening, the 11th inst. The com- 
mittees having the matter in charge expect to even eclipse the 
wonderful record of previous years, when this affair has drawn 
together the largest number of -people interested in pharmacy 
that were ever together at one time. 

HOW THE BOWLERS STAND. 

The merry hum of the rolling balls continues among the 
various clubs of the Drug League. On January 80 the stand- 
ing of the clubs was as follows: 

Total Team 

Nam«. Oames. Won. Loet pins. aTonun. 

Whitall-Tatum Company 21 18 8 16,088 808 

ABCbenbath & Miller 18 15 8 18,908 772 

Smith, Kline, French Company 18 18 5 18,428 746 

H. kT Mnlford ft Co 18 8 10 12.426 690 

a Shoemaker ft Co 18 6 12 12,769 708 

Wanderers-. 21 6 16 14,268 678 

H. K. Wampoie ft Co 18 18 11,148 619 

COLLEQE BOTS VISIT WHITALL, TATUM ft CO. 

Over one hundred members of the graduating class of the 
Philadelphia College of Pharmacy visited the glassware fac- 
tories of Whitall, Tatum &. Go. at MilMlle, N. J., on January 
29, and after inspecting the works were served with an elabo- 
rate dinner. 

NEVS NOTES, 

On February 12 the third of the series of illustrated lec- 
tures will be given under the afispices of the Board of Trustees 
of the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy. This evening's pleas- 
ure has been mapped out by Prof. Lewis M. Haupt and his 
subject will be Interoceanlc Ganals. Professor Haupt is a 
member of the Nicaragua Canal Commission, and is an engi- 
neer of standing and of wide experience. 



OHIO . 

Sale of CoGaiat to Be Restricted by Law Dnsggiati Favor the 

BUI— Some Vant it Strengthenea, 



{From our Regular Correspondent,) 

Cincinnati, February 4.— Wholesale and retail druggists in 
Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus, Toledo, Sandusky and the 
larger cities throughout the State are greatly Interested in 
the proposed State legislation against the indiscriminate sale 
of cocaine. A bill has been drafted by Harry H. Hoffheimer, 
prosecuting attorney of Hamilton County, which will be pre- 
sented to the State Legislature, now in session at Columbus, 
by a member of the Hamilton County delegation. This bill 
is aimed to absolutely prohibit the sale of cocaine by drug- 
gists or any one else, except upon the prescription of a regu- 
larly registered and accredited physician and for medical pur- 
poses only. A heavy fine or imprisonment, or both, is at- 
tached as a penalty, with an increase in the penalty provided, 
for additional offense. The sale of morphine and opium is al- 
ready restricted by similar laws, and it is the belief of the au- 
thorities that if cocaine cannot be so readily secured as at 
present it will not be so freely used, and its baneful effects 
will not be so widespread. 

MANY DRUGGISTS FAVOR THE BILL. 

All of the larger retail druggists, interviewed on the subject 
by the American Druggist correspondent, expressed not only 
a willingness but a desire* to assist the authorities In their ef- 
forts to restrict the sale of the drug, and correct the present 
abuseis. They say that the reputable dealers will suffer little 
loss by the movement. One estimate places the number of 
victims of the cocaine habit at not less than 10,000 In Oln- 
dnnati alone, and those l>est informed consider this a most 
conservative opinion. The bill will be introduced by S^iator 
Longworth. 

SOKE WANT stronger COCAINE BILL. 

An effort will be made by Dr. I. N. Fraid, who has an office 
in the Bradford Building, to fight the bUl. Dr. Fraid, In an 
interview, said that a number of druggists Joined with him in 
the opinion that the bill prepared by the Cincinnati authorities 
was not far reaching enough in its effects. They propose to alter 
the bill by making it illegal for physicians to write prescrip- 
tions for people known to be addicted to the cocaine habit. 



MICHIGAN. 

Remarkable Lmovatlon by Par k^ Davii & Co.— Employcci Ad- 
mitted Into Gopartnenhip— Benefidarics Highly Elaled. 

(Frwn ihtr Regular Correfpondent.) 

Detroit, February 6.— The managing directors of Parke, 
Davis A Co. have JusI carried out a most remarkable project. 
The plan involves the issue of four thousand shares of the 
company's stock to a list of veteran executives of the firm- 
branch managers, superintendents, foremen and other depart- 
ment chiefs— who have been fifteen or more years in the serv- 
ice of the house. The management offers these employees the 
option of purchasing a number of shares varying with their 
responsibilities and period of service at |66 a share. The 
beneficiaries of this admirable plan are, of course, highly elated 
and will eagerly embrace the rare opportunity. To them it 
means copartnership purchased on extremely generous t^rms. 
On every share thus allotted the purchaser gains at a stroke 
a clear present profit of $16, to say nothing of its possible con- 
tinned appreciation, the prospect for which is the very opposite 
of dark. 

NEWS OF THE TRADE. 

Charles F. Mann is now located in his new quarters, comer 
of Woodward and Forest avenues. 

Things are lively around the big wholesale drug houses, and 
patent medicines, especially cold cures, are selling fast, for 
Detroit is experiencing zero weather. 

" News in the drug line is exceedingly dull in this dty," re- 
marked J. W. Seeley, manager of the Central Drug Company. 
" The trade is up to the standard." 

" Business is getting better," said a Detroit druggist, " Judg- 
ing from the way thieves are breaking into drug stores in this 
city. For a few weeks it was nothing but drug stores. In one 
case the clever burglar, when nearly captured by the night 
clerk, said he wanted to telephone for a doctor. When he got 
a good chance he darted away in the darkness." 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



89 




'She Drug and Chemical Market 

The pricM quoted In this report mre thoee current in the wholesale mmrket, and higher prices are paid for retail lots. 

The quality of goods frequently necessltstes a wide range of prices. 



Condition of Trade* 

New York, February 8, 1902. 

THE volume of business in the several departments of 
drugs and chemicals has been rather below the aver- 
age during the period under review, and for this the severe 
weather conditions have been largely responsible. De- 
layed mails and impeded traffic have a quicker influence 
in retarding trade in the wholesale drug market than 
possibly in any other branch of business. Many orders 
from interior points are received by mail, and these have 
not been so much in evidence during the past week or 
so, owing to the interruptions caused by the widespread 
storm and the unusually cold weather. The demand for 
most lines is somewhat irregular, and the trade are evinc- 
ing little desire to branch into speculative purchasing, 
though fairly liberal orders are the rule. There are indi- 
cations of some weakness in price in a few lines of staple 
chemicals owing to siharp competition among the manu- 
facturers, but few reductions in price are openly an- 
nounced, most of the cutting being done under cover. 
No change of importance is to be noted in opium, which 
remains dull and easy, and the situation with regard to 
quinine is also practically unchanged, though there is 
rather more inquiry perhaps and a more confident feeling 
as to the future of prices prevails. So far as is apparent 
on the surface there is no important pressure made to 
realize or to force stocks in excess of consumptive re- 
quirements, and the general tone of the market is firm. 
The principal changes of the fortnight are tabulated be- 
low and receive comment in succeeding paragraphs : 



HIGHER. 
Balsam coimlba, 
Balsam llr, Canada, 
Oil turpentine, 
Oil spearmint. 
Oil pennyroyal, 
Oil hemlock, 
Oil spruce, 
Mandrake root, 
Japan wax. 
Gum gamboge, 
Gum benzoin, Sumatra, 
Hempseed. 



LOWER. 
Opium, 
Acetanilid, 
Glycerin, 
Silver nitrate, 
Alcohol, 
Oil anise, 

Oil rose geranium. 
Oil wintergreen. 
Ipecac root. Carthageua, 
fiarsaparllla, Mexican, 
Buchu leaves, short, 
Resorcin, 
Chloral hydrate. 
Cacao butter. 
Thymol, 

Cuttlefish bone. Jeweler's larfi:e. 
Rochelle salts, 
Seidlitz mixture, 
Benzoic acid, natural. 
Quicksilver, ^ 

Larkspur seed. 

DRUGS. 
Acetanilid is oiTered lower in some instances, manufacturers 
of foreign quoting at least 2c below domestic brands, and 17c 
to 19c is now generally quoted. 

Alcohol has been reduced by the trust managers to the range 
of |2,&8 to $2.55, as to quantity,, less the usual rebate of 2c 
per gallon for cash in ten days. No reason for the reduction 
has been given. 

Balsam copaiba appears in li^ht supply, and prices are well 
sustained at our quotations, with an advance named in most 
Instances on the inside figure, some sales being recorded at 



38c to 89c, whUe 37c has been paid for uncleaned natural for 
export 

Balsam fir, Canada, is in rather limited supply, and holders 
are firmer in their views, though no actual appreciation in 
prices is to be noted, the sales being at $8.66 to #3.75 for Job- 
bing parcels. The export demand is reported nnosually good, 
but supplies are not coming forward satisfactorily. 

Barks.— There is a fairly active demand for the different 
varieties of medicinal barks, and the tone of the market is 
steady, but no important changes have taken place since our 
last. Sassafras has been most in demand, and the stock being 
small, a stronger feeling has developed, with no sales reported 
under 7c. Select elm is maintained in firm position, and the 
t^dency is stiU upward, though prices are nominally un- 
changed, 15c being named in most instances. Angostura has 
met with increased inquiry during the interval, but sales are 
few and far between, as buyers and holders are stiU apart in 
their views, the latter naming 35c as the price for prime qual- 
ity. 

Buchu leaves, short, are offered with less reserve, but the 
trade requirements appear to be very small, and values have 
eased off a fraction, with 19c to 20c now generaUy named. 
Supplies are fairly Uberal, and, as noted, holders are showing 
some disposition to realize. 

Cacao butter has declined abroad and the market here is 
lower in consequence of this and a generaUy lessened demand. 
We quote the range at 81c to 31^ for bulk and 87^ to 88c 
for cakes in 12-lb. boxes. 

Caffeine continues weak and irregular, owing to competi- 
tion ajnong manufacturers, no arrangement having yet been 
arrived at as to a uniform scale of prices, and such sales as 
come to the surface are making at |8.75 to $4.00. 

Cantharides have remained quiet, the demand for Russian 
in particular having fallen off considerably, and holders have 
revised quotations to the range of 00c to 03c, a decline of 2c. 

Chloral hydrate is affected by the prevailing competition 
among dealers in chemicals, and prices are generally lower^ 
sales of <»tiBt8 being reported at S6c to 90c, and of crystals at 
00c to 96c, as to quantity. 

Coca leaves are very firm, despite a lessened inquiry. Re- 
cent advices from sources of supply dispose holders to offer 
with reserve, though quotations are nominally unchanged, re- 
cent Jobbing sales of Truxillo and Huanuco being at 22c to 
28c and 32c to 35c respectively. 

Cocaine is not taken with any spirit, and the market re- 
mains weak and unsettled, with prices somewhat irregular 
and uncertain, owing to the continued keen competition among- 
manufacturers. 

Cod liver oil, Norwegian, has sold actively during the inter- 
val, and holders are quoting firmly at the established range 
of $21.50 to $25.50 for the better known brands. 

Colocynth apples are slow of sale, but holders are not in- 
clined to offer at any concession from recently quoted values, 
recent sales of Trieste being at 36c to 40c, and of Spanish at 
15c to 16c. 

Cuttlefish bone is in limited supply, but important inquiry 
is lacking, and the market is a trifle unsettled, notwithstand- 
ing the firm position of the article abroad. There is no impor- 
tant change in price to be noted, prime Trieste selling at 21c 
to 22c, and Jeweler's large at 80c to 85c; Jeweler's small offers 
a shade under previous quotations, or, say, 42c. 

Damiana leaves have developed considerable firmness in 
view of extreme scarcity both here and at the Coast, and quo- 
tations have been advanced to the range of lie to ll^c, as to 
quality and quantity. 

Ergot continues weak and inactive nt the decline previous- 
ly noted. It is not expected that prices will remain stationary' 
at this range for long, and it is believed that as soon as a bet- 
ter demand sets in values will undoubtedly go higher. 

Glycerin is fractionally lower, the revised quotations for 
refined being 14c to 14i^c for C. P. in drums, 14^c to 14%c in 
barrels and 15c to 16c in cans, as to quality and quantity. 
Crude glycerin is reported to bo higher abroad, but the market 



9© 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



here is unaffected, most holders being willing sellers of refined 
at the decline. 

Haarlem oil has attracted some attention since our last, and 
the market has been somewhat unsettied owing to competition 
among dealers, who offer in some instances down to $1.90, 
though $i.d5 is the popular quotation. 

Isinglass is held and selling fairly at the advance previously 
noted, or, say, 55c to 57%c for American, 65c to 70c for 
Japanese, and $4.10 to $4.20 for Russian. 

Lycopodium has met with a slightly better inquiry and the 
market is showing a firmer tendency, though prices are 
nominally unchanged, sales of unmarked and Pollitz, re- 
apectively, being at 51c to 52c and 53c to 55c. 

Manna has eased off a trifie, and holders appear a little more 
disposed to meet the views of possible buyers, quotations for 
large fiake now standing at 70c to 75c, and prime quality small 
flake at 34c to 36c. 

Morphine is in good demand, and the market is well sus- 
tained at $1.90 to ^.05 for bulk and $2.35 to $2.40 for eighths. 

Nux vomica is in better supply, and holders offer more 
freely at 2^ to 294c. 

Opium in case lots has sold during the fortnight at $8.00; 
offers of a shade less have been submitted, but turned down, 
and the tone of the market is steady, though there is yet a 
lack of important demand, such sales as are reported day by 
day being of broken lots, which change hands at $8.05. Pow- 
dered is selling well, both In a Jobbing way and for consump- 
tion, at the previous range of $8.80 to $3.85, as to test and 
quantity. 

Quinine is meeting with a better consuming demand, and 
the market is stronger in consequence of the fact that higher 
prices were realized at the auction sale of Java in Batavla on 
the 5th Inst. The average price paid at this sale was 20V^ 
florins, against 20^ florins at the December auction. There is 
a rather better inquiry in this market and manufacturers' quo- 
tations are well sustained on the basis of 27c for bulk, though 
small sales of German in second hands are making at 26%c. 

Seidlitz mixture reflects the position of the basic material, 
Bochelle salt, and manufacturers have reduced quotations to 
the range of 12%c to 13c, as to quantity, without, however, 
improving the demand. 

Thymol has marked a further decline, owing to lack of in- 
quiry, and the revised quotations are $2.80 to $2.85. The de- 
mand has not been stimulated by the reduction and continues 
slow and unimportant. 

CHEMICALS. 

Acetate of lime has developed some firmness since our 
last, owing to increased demand, and gray is steady at $1.25 to 
$1.30 and brown at 85c to 90c. 

Arsenic, white, continues to show an upward tendency, and 
S^fi to Z%c is generally named, as to quantity. 

Benzoic acid, natural. Is irregular and unsettled on account 
of competition among holders, and our quotations have been 
revised to the range of V/2C to 8c per ounce; artificial from 
Toluene is quiet and nominally steady at our quotations, 36%c 
to 40c, as to quantity, the inside figures being for large con- 
tract ordersw 

Bleaching powder has been in better demand, but prices 
are without further change. 

Blue vitriol is stiffening- In value with the improvement in 
the price of metal, and 4%c is now named for Jobbing parcels 
and 4%c to 4%c for carload lots, as to quality. 

Carbolic acid is not inquired for to any extent, and prices 
are a trifie irregular, owing to keen competition among holders. 
While we hear of sales of drums at 16c to 19c, pound bottles 
are generally quoted at 22c to 23c. 

Chlorate of potash upon spot is quiet, though contract or- 
ders are fairly numerous. Jobbing sales of powdered are 
making at 8c to 8%c, as to quantity, while for forward deliv- 
ery 7%c is named. 

Citric acid is seasonably quiet, but manufacturers' prices 
are well maintained at the previous range, holders being dis- 
inclined to offer at any concession from the decline previously 
announced. 

Cream tartar is unchanged from 19c to 19%c for powdered 
In a jobbing way, though orders for round lots are taken at a 
^'vaction under this quotation. 



Nitrate of silver is offered lower by manufacturers, who 
now quote the revised range of 37^^ to 89c, as to quantity, the 
inside figure being for 1,000-oz. lots. The decline is attributed 
to a drop In the price of metal. 

Quicksilver is fractionally lower, in line with a number of 
other staple chemicals, which are affected by competition 
among dealers, and 1 to 5 fiask lots are now obtainable at 
64^, thopgh some holders still quote 65c. 

Tartaric add is in moderate demand, with the bulk of the 
sales at manufacturers' prices, or, say, 28c to 28^ for pow- 
dered; parcels in second-hand are olfered at a shade under 
these figures. 

ESSENTIAL OILS. 

Anise offers more freely and at slightly easier prices, the 
range of the market now standing at $1.10 to $1.12%. 

Cassia has weakened since our last, and while the open 
quotation of the market is 70c, we hear of some sales of 75 to 
^ per cent at 65c. 

Clove continues quiet; the quotations remain at 60c to 62)^ 
as to quantity. 

Cubeb is without important change; Jobbing sales at $1.05 
to $1.10. 

Geranium, Turkish, is 25c lower, and now offers at $3.50 to 
$6.50. 

Lemongrass is held with increased firmness, $2.37% to 
$3.00 being generally required. 

Pennyroyal is moving into firmer position, and prices are 
generally higher, owing to the limited stock and improved de- 
mand. The range of the market is $1.35 to $1.40. 

Peppermint continues on the upward grade, and it is doubt- 
ful if any supplies of pure in bulk can be obtained below 
$1.85, though the movement is limited to moderate jobbing 
lots. A letter from the producing districts under date of Jan- 
uary 30, says: " Qil peppermint continues very firm and some- 
what higher in the West, owing to light stocks, which are 
largely concentrated and firmly held. Prices have advanced 
5c to 10c during the last week. Further advances will take 
place, in our opinion, in the near future." 

Spearmint is scarce, and holders generally have advanced 
their quotations to the range of $1.35 to $1.45 for spot goods, 
while it is reported that producers are asking $1.50, and are 
looking for still higher prices, the following information being 
contained in a Bronson (Mich..) letter of January 30: "Oil 
spearmint is materiall};^ higher, and nothing is to be obtained 
below $1.50 per pound. The production of this oil has almost 
entirely ceased, owing to the low and unremunerative prices. 
It is our opinion that the market will work up to $2.00 to 
$2.50 per pound for this oil before any quantity of it can be 
produced." 

Wlntergreen, synthetic, is fractionally lower, recent sales 
being at 47%c to 52c; natural offers sparingly at the previous 
range of $1.50 to $1.60. as to quantity and seller. 

GUMS. 

Aloes are in steady, moderate demand for the different 
grades and without important change In price. 

Asafcetida Is finding a moderate consuming outlet and meet- 
ing with a fair inquiry in a jobbing way at previous prices. 

Benzoin, Sumatra, is in reduced stock, and values are given 
a steady support, the sales during the interval being at 30c to 
32c, as to quality and quantity. 

Camphor is maintained in firm position and a good con- 
suming demand for forward delivery is reported. 

Chicle is passing out quite actively to consumers, and we 
hear of several large sales within the range of 33c to 35c. 

Tragacanth Is in moderate request; Jobbing sales of Aleppo 
and Turkey firsts at 70c to 75c and 75c to 85c, respectively. 

ROOTS, 

Only a small Jobbing demand is reported for the different 
varieties and prices are somewhat nominal on most lines. 
White cut althea is extremely scarce, and while parcels to 
arrive are offered at 19c, sales of spot were at 25c. Mandrake 
is scarce and wanted, and nothing now offers below 4^(ic. 
Golden seal continues to show a wide range of quotations, 49c 
to 60c being named at producing points. Ipecac, Carthagena» 



r 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



9» 



Is dull and easy and a lower range of values prevails, $1.40 to 
$1.45 being now named. 

SarsaparlUa, Mexican, is fractionally lower, recent sales 
for export being at 6%c to 6%c. 

SEEDS. 

We have no important changes to report in this department 
either as regards price or demand. The market is steady, but 
quiet, for nearly all varieties. Russian hemp is scarce and 
holders have advanced their views to 3c to 3%c. Colchicum is 
offered more freely at 40c to 42c. Larkspur has eased off a 
trifle, and holders now ask 60c. 



CHICAGO NEVS NOTES. 



ILLINOIS. 



Drag Clerks Agitating for Shorter Hours— EnUstiog the Press and 
Public— Candidates for / ppointment to the Board— A Vacancy 
to be Filled— The New Slot Telephones Condemned. 



{From our Regular Correspondent) 

Chicago, February 4.— The offer received by the National 
Association of Retail Druggists at the Buffalo convention in 
regard to the publication of an official organ has been rejected 
by the Executive Committee. The members of the committee 
discussed the matter fully and decided that it would be wiser 
to continue to furnish news to the regular drug journals, as 
is now being done. Instead of embarking on the proposed 
venture. Whether the matter will ever come up again is not 
entirely clear, but the plan is given an effectual quietus for 
the present 

The agitation which was recently begun by the Drug 
Clerks* Association of Illinois has attracted a great deal of at- 
tention, and the Chicago dailies are devoting much space to 
the matter. The plan of the clerks is to start its campaign by 
means of district meetings in various sections of the city. All 
drug clerks will be appealed to to Join the fight, and to attend 
the meeting in their vicinity. The public will be appealed to 
through press and pulpit, and will be asked to aid in the short- 
er hour movement. It is charged by some members of the as- 
sociation that the number of certificates in Illinois Is nowhere 
near as great as the number of pharmacists and assistants In 
stores^ and that the law is being violated every day. It is as- 
serted that while the State Board has issued only 4,439 certif- 
icates to registered pharmacists, more than 5,000 are known 
to be in charge of stores. The clerks also assert that condl- 
ditions have become so intolerable that comparatively few are 
studying to become druggists, and that there has been a fall- 
ing off in the number of those seeking certificates. The clerks 
have asked the public to report cases where certificates are 
not displayed in drug stores. 

CANDIDATES FOR APPOIKTMENT TO THE BOARD. 

The Illinois Pharmaceutical Association has selected the 
following to be voted upon in the twenty-five Congressional 
districts of this State for appointment to the Board of Phar- 
macy to succeed G. H. Sohrbeck, Moline; George P. MUls, 
BSvanston; N. J, Horn, Jollet; L. C. Lewis, Belvidere; C. P. 
Guenther. Freeport; C. H. Sohrbeck, Moline; Geo. C. Lescher, 
Galesburg; W. M. Benton,^ Peoria; Ralph P. Bradford, Pontiac; 
A. Essllnger, Danville; B. M. Knowlton, Urbana; Joseph 
Shreve, Jacksonville; C. C. Webster, Staunton; Thomas Knoe- 
bel. Bast St. Louis; G. W. Bower, Olney; G. W. Corrothers, 
Fairfield; Frank Thomas, Cairo; Albert B. Bbert, Charles 
Avery, B. S. Cooban, F. M. Mares, John Stucklik, Frank J. 
Knowles, Otto Hartwig, J. H. Hottinger and Herman Fry, of 
Chicago. 

THE ADVISORY BOARD OP TDE UKIVERSITY OF ILX.INOIB. 

For members of the Advisory Board of the Department of 
Pharmacy, University of Illinois, the president of the Uni- 
versity will make a selection of a successor to Albert E. Bbert, 
of Chicago, from a list of three, to be submitted by the Phar- 
maceutical Association, and selected from the following list: 

B. A. Tyler, Bvanston; A. E. Holmes, Aurora; P. A. Ander- 
son, La Salle; William Siniger. Galena; F. W. Bohnsen, 
Rock Island; W. H. Bchmledeskamp, Quincy; Fritz Lueder. 
Peoria; H. H. Green, Bloomington; F. M. Stacey, Tuscola; W. 
H. Garrison, Pearl; F. R. Milner, Litchfield; J. J. Weingartner, 
Belleville; William Florin, Altamont; A. H. Porter, Xenia; T. 
8. Campbell, Plnckneyvllle; Walter H. Gale, Joseph B. Grubb, 
Grant L. Kidder, Alvln, Dietz, W. A. Stucklik, George H. Acke- 
ran, F. B. Folkenbery^ Louis liehman and Fred. Haeger, of 
Chicago. 



The wife of Herman Weber, a member of the Chicago Vet- 
eran Druggists* Association, died on January 27. 

The McCarr Medicine Company, who will do business la 
Chicago, have been gtanted incorporation papers. The capital 
stock is $5,000, the Incorporators being Charles A. Winston, 
Fayette S. Munro and Rudolph H. Wollner. 

The Chicago Veteran Druggists' Association met on Jan- 
uary 21 at the Union Hotel, and listened to a paper on Fuller 
and Fuller, by Albert B. Hunt. They also partook of a fare- 
well supper to Henry Blroth, who started the next day for Eu- 
rope. 



HINTS TO BUYERS 

The Ryquina Company have a very salable specialty offer.. 
Write them for Introductory terms. Their address is 38 Mur- 
ray street, New York. 

Three hundred per cent profit for the retailer is offered by 
the Giant Chemical Company, of Philadelphia, on their Acorn 
Salve. Write them for particulars, mentioning this journal. 

The Lawrence Williams Company, Cleveland, Ohio, have 
some interesting pictures for free distribution which will help- 
th«* sale of Gombault's Caustic Balsam. Write them for a 
supply. 

" The Barkeeper's Friend " is a metal polish which is es^ 
pecially useful at the soda fountain. Druggists who have- 
never tried it should write for a free sample to George William 
Hoffman, 295 Bast Washington street, Indianapolis. 

Every man who writes knowingly about the prescriptloii. 
counter Insists upon fine corks as a prerequisite for a successr 
ful prescription trade. The druggist who orders and insists- 
upon having " circle A " corks will be sure that he is getting 
corks which will not disappoint him. 

Johannis-Lithia is a very palatable water, and can be drunk 
continuously, as it contains the proper amount of lithia to- 
secure therapeutic effect without any attending disadvan- 
tages. Write to the United Agency Company, 603 Fifth ave- 
nue, for quotations on this water. 

New-Skin is the ideal liquid court plaster, and jumps into- 
popularity immediately wherever It is properly introduced. 
Write to the Douglas Mfg. Company, 107 Fulton street. New 
York, for information concerning this profitable and taking^ 
specialty. When writing, mention the Amebican Druggist. 

Otto Zweltusch & Co., Milwaukee, Wis., make a line of 
soda fountains which are rapidly growing in popularity. 
Druggists who have not seen these fountains should not fall 
to Investigate their merits before making purchases. Write Uh 
the manufacturers for descriptive list, mentioning the Amebic- 
CAN Dbuggist. 

Cystogen Is growing rapidly In favor among physicians 
for the treatment of acute and chronic gonorrhea, cystitis,, 
etc. Write for descriptive matter to the Cystogen Chemical 
Company, St Louis, Mo., who will be glad to help you build 
up a demand for this preparation among the physicians In 
your neighborhood. 

Sen Sen is one of those little adjuncts to the drug business 
which sell steadily without any effort on the part of the drug- 
gist beyond the mere displaying on the counter, and which in 
the course of a year bring in a very respectable profit. 
Write to the Sen Sen Company, Rochester, N. Y., for free ad- 
vertising matter, mentioning the Aicebican Dbuggist. 

The Donnell Mfg. Company, whose White Rabbit Baster 
Eg^ Dyes are advertised on the colored insert in this number, 
offer to the trade one of the most profitable of the smaller 
specialties on such a margin of profit that there is practically 
no risk whatever in sending in an order. When ordering 
kindly mention the Akebican Dbuggist. 

Dr. Charles Hunt Powell, editor of the " North American 
Journal of Diagnosis and Practice." writes that "wherever 
elimination is desirable or the salicylates are indicates, tonga- 
line is a most reliable prescription." Write the Mellier Drug 
Company, St. IjOuIs, Mo., for therai>eutic notes on the uses of 
this remedy, which is one exceedingly popular with physicians. 

The Chicago Wire Chair Company have been compelled to 
move to the comer of Fulton and Jefferson streets, Chicago, 
the rapid increase in their business has rendered it necessary 
for them to secure larger quarters. The chairs made by this 
firm will be found at many soda fountains, and wherever 
found the proprietor is well pleased with the service rendered. 



' AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



The Welch Qrape Jnfce is made Crom the choicest grftpea Id 
the world famed grape l>elt in the lake retrlon of New York 
State. Druggists who want to bnlld np a trade on grape Juice 
can Bafel7 count upon securing renewal orders If the7 furnish 
the Welch Grape Juice. Write the company, at Westfleld, N. 
Y., for free advertising matter, mentioning the Amebicak 
Dbcooist. 

The Chicago Water Motor & Fun Oompanf, 216 Lake 
street, Chlcairo. furnish motlre power for running all sorts 
of machinery and applinnces sucb as the druggist Is apt to 
have. If in need of any motive power write them, telling 
what you wuit opemted. and they will give you expert ad- 
Tlcc on the subject without any cosl When writing please 
mention the Auxbicax Dauooiar. 

The Albany College of Pharmacy, at Albany, N. T., Is one 
of the straightforward teaching Institutions which tnnu out 
good practical druggists. Young men who want to understand 
how to get the most out of a drug store would do well to look 
Into the course offered by this instltntlon. For Information ad- 
dress, De Baun Van Aken, secretary of the college, Albany, N. 
T. 

Druggists should read carefully the announcement made by 
the Chichester Chemical Company, 2S17 Madison square, Phil- 
adelphia. This house has been active in prosecuting Infring- 
ers, and have always shown a firm determination to protect 
tkelr trade-mark rights. They have an established business, 
and naturally propose to treat the marauders with all sever- 
ity. 

AU manufactnrera and every retail druggist can use methyl 
alcohol, and consequently the advertisement of the Common- 
wealth UannfactnrinfT Company, of Everett, Mass., should he 
a matter of general interest. The spirit manufactured by this 
company Is eqnal to grain alcohol in every respect, save for 
Internal nae. It la stable In color, practically odorless, and pos- 
sesses high solvent and other properttes. The advertisement 
of the company will be found In another part of this Issue. 

Druggists contemplating any chaDges In the interiors of 
their stores, or refitting entirely, will do well to consult with 
William Kleeman & Co., Ninth street and Avenue D, New 
York. This concern announce themselves as the largest store 
fixture factory In the world. They offer a series of Interior de- 
signs at peculiarly attractive prices, and offer to pay all ex- 
penses to New York to purchaaera. Druggists shonld certainly 
figure with thMU before finally placing their orders. 

A twentieth century idea la store furniture Is the utlllsft- 
tlon of bicycle tubing In conjunction with quartered oak In 
the manufacture of stools, tables and chairs. The results ob- 
tained are at once durable and artistic. The advantages of- 
fered by the use of bicycle tubing in the matter of strength 
and finish are too apparent to need any comment Druggists 
who wish to get up-to-date stools and chain shonld write to 
the Tesbera Manufacturing Company, Toledo, for descriptive 
drcnlar, mentioning the Ahxbtcak Dbuooist. 

The American Soda Fountain Company recently sent out 
one of the most original drculara ever Issued to the drug trade. 
The drcnlar bears the title, " 1-20 of a Dollai^Its Power." 
After pointing out the fact that one of the greatest enterprises 
of the world, the elevated railway system of New York. Is 
based solely on five cent custom, the company presents very 
powerful arguments in favor of pushing the soda water busi- 
ness, which should be read by every retail druggist with care. 
If yon have not seen this little circular, write to the American 
Soda Fountain Company, either at Boston, New York, Phila- 
delphia or Chicago, asking them to have a copy of It sent to 
yon. 

Some of the neatest and most convenient prescription 
blanks ever shown are made by the International Blank Com- 
pany, of Cincinnati, Ohio, A style that has proven unusually 
popular la known as No. 3. The blanks are printed on a blue 
tinted 16-pound bond paper, and put up In 20 books to the 
],00u to fit aluminum cover. It Is vest pocket size (3% by 4% 
Inches), and the price per thousand ranges from {1.25 If but 
one thousand la ordered down to fl.lO per thousand on a three- 
thousand order, and even tower when larger quantities are 
culled for. The aluminum covers are 30 cents each, and they 
may be had handsomely satin finished, with shaded border 
and engraving. The doctor's name on the cover costs two 
ceutH per letter extra, or an average price of 20 cents addl- 
tlocal for each change of name may be obtained. These pre- 
scription blinks make most acceptable presents to physicians 
and are apureclated, where badly printed or commoner ar- 
ticles are n.erely set to one side. 



The Quaker Qtr Mills at the Massachuaetti CoUece. 

Pi-ofesBor Bi. H. Lapterre, of the Massachusetts College of 
Pharmacy, writing to A. W. Stranb & Co., mannfactnrers, 
says: "A few months ago I purchased of you a number of 
Quaker City Mills. In my opinion It is all that you claim for 
It. I am well pleased with It In every way. The thought has 
occurred to me that you might be willing to send a duplicate 
to this college, and, If yon so elect, I will agree to demonstrate 
It before the class each year, and say all that I can for IL" 
The snggestloD was acted upon, and at the meeting of the 
Board of Tmstees of the Hassachusetts Collie of Phar- 
macy, held December 2, a vote of thanks was tenderd to 
Mesara. Stranb ft Co. for their contribution of a Quaker City 
Drug Mill. 



Photographic Goods in the Drug Store. 

The Bocbester Optical & Camera Company place before 
our readen In this Issue a brief announcement of the full and 
attractive line of photographic goois which they make. The 
advantages of going Into the photographic supply buslnesa 
have been so frequently pointed out In our reading columns 
by various contributors Uiat all of our readera must by this 
tlmn t>e thoroughly familiar with the Idea. If they have not 
been convinced, they will certainly be so after they have read 
the advertising mater which will be furnished without charge 
by the Bochester Optical Sc Camera Company to ap^lcants 
mentioning the Ahbbicait Dbugqist. 



Malt Sinew. 
We Introduce to our readers this month the product of 
the Malt Sinew Company, Chicago, who 
are spending thousands of doltara to 
bring the consumer of malt extract to 
your pharmacy. The medical profes- 
sion Indorse this product for Its purity 
and virtue as a mild stimulant and 
tonic for those who need to tone op 
the system. The package Is. a hand- 
some one, and their window and counter 
advertising will certainly move the 
tonic. In writing for agency do not 
fall to toll where you heard of them. 
Applications for literature and adver- 
tising materia! and exclusive agenciea 
should be addressed to the Malt Sinew 
Co., Chicago. III. 



A Gr»t Advertising Propositloa. 

The manufacturer or Jobber with a partlcnlar article who 
desires to reach the buying public, and who does not want to 
spend dollars where cents will reach the trade, should com- 
municate with the Meyercord Company, Chicago, IIL, regard- 
ing th^ permanent opalescent window signs, as th^ will 
gladly furnish samples, nketches and prices free for the asking. 

This advertising Sign, while only on the market one 
year, has rant with snch success that already over one-quarter 
million dollars has been Invested in them by the leading ad- 
vertisers of the United States. They are prepared to duplicate 
any trade-mark design or lithograph in natural colors- The 
sign is cheap, effective, lasting and not affected by weather 
conditions. The cost of distribution is nothing, as a salesman 
can place one on a window in half a minuta Thousands of 
these signs can be shown which have t>een In use for a year 
and are In as good condition as when placed on the window. 

The signs are placed on the windows of stores where your 
goods are handled and are a direct reminder to the prospective 
customer, and they are so neat and attractive that no objec- 
tion has ever been raised by retailers to their use. 



The Home of the Grape. 
The Duroy & Haines Company are located at Sandusky, 
Ohio, which appears to be the home of the grape In this coun- 
try. Every product of the graye Is made by this firm of the 
vei-y highest order. Their lino of concentrated symps, freah 
fmlts and soda fountain nuppllea generally Is one of the best 
available for the drug trade, .ind such of our readers as have 
not handled Ihelr line of goods should write them at once, for 
they give assurance that they can save money for the dealer. 
When writing please mratlon the Auiricak Drcooist. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEQTICAL RECORD. 



93 



They FHI Their Own dpsules. 

Plump A LJnnlg, of Lexlng^ton avenue and Seventy-sixth 
«Creet, New York, writing to the Mens Gapsnle C!ompany, De- 
troit, Mich., under date of December 28, 1001, says: ** We here- 
by beg to acknowledge the receipt of the 4-10 M racks you so 
kindly sent us, for which please accept our thanks. As to giv- 
ing you a testimonial, we don't know whether we can say any 
more in the testimonial line, except that we use a large quan- 
tum of your Empty Elastic Gapsules and that we like them 
▼ery much. We make all of our own capsules, such as Sandal- 
wood, Wintergreen Oil, Creosote, etc., and we find them very 
«atl8factory." 

Liquid GtffxMiic Acid MisT* Co* 

The strong and attractive advertising insert of the above 
<!ompany which appears in this issue, is as full of information 
for the dispenser as an egg is full of meat 

The first page presents again to our readers the cultured 
little Boston girl with her copy of Browning, and the informa- 
tion that ** Liquid " fountains are even colder than this sweet 
tittle damoselle, whom the head line says is the '* Chilliest 
Thing on Barth." The makers claim that "Liquid" foun- 
tains consume lees ice and deliver colder soda water than any 
other fountain on the market At the head of the page are 
two short testimonials from users, the writer of one of whom 
is pleased beyond words, and say's unqualifiedly that the 
** lilquid '* fountain is the best fountain made. 

The second page of the insert is devoted to a unique de- 
«isn advertising '* Liquid Fruits,'* sixteen varieties, as the ideal 
•oda water syrups. Now is the time to begin to think of or- 
•dering your supply of soda water syrups for the season. Soda 
water syrups are necessarily a very delicate product, and the 
noers of ''Liquid Fruits*' may have absolute confidence in 
the purity of all " TJquld Fruits " put up by this company. 
They are made on their own premises under the direct super- 
▼iflion of the "Liquid people," and no pains nor expense is 
spared in order to have them absolutely the finest. 

Write, wire or 'phone the nearest branch if in need of a 
ooda fountain or immediate service on any of the products of 
the " Liquid Company; " their line comprises everything from 
a stiaw to a soda fountain. They claim that their prices are 
right, and that their service is the quickest and best in the 
market. 



Meadows' Malted Milk« 

The Elgin Milkine Company, of Elgin, 111., have placed on 
the market Meadows' Malted Milk at $2.60 and $20.00 per dozen 
respectively for the small and hospital sizes. The Horlicks 
Food Company made application for an injunction restraining 
the Elgin Milkine Company from using the words "Malted 
Milk/* As soon as the defense was filed, however, the Hor- 
Uckfl Food Company withdrew their complaint Druggists 
who wish to handle this malted milk should write to the El- 
gUn Milkine Company for a copy of the dedirion of the United 
fitates Patent Commissioner on the application for registration 
of the words, " Malted Milk," by the Horlicks Food Company. 



Rerentie Stamped Goods to Be Recalled* 

The entire drug trade should be interested in the announce- 
ment made by Raymond & Co., 61 Beekman street, New York 
Olty, who are recalling all of the Raymond Pectoral Plaster 
bearing revenue stamps, and issuing fresh stock in its place. 
The announcement will be found in another part of this issue. 



A New Tar Soap* 

We Invite special attention to the advertisement of the 
Binder Company, of Philadelphia, which appears on the front 
cover of' this issue. This house has gone into the whole ques^ 
tlon of the manufacture of this tar soap in a thoroughly scien- 
tific spirit, and the result is a product which they have no hes- 
itation in commending to the attention of pharmacists. They 
have a special opening offer to make, which will undoubtedly 
be of interest to the trade. 



Pure Carbolic Acid* 



It should be interesting to every pharmacist and physician 
to know that the Mallinckrodt Chemical Works offer and have 
sold for many years a strictly pure carbolic acid, known to the 
trade as " Qilt Label." For medicinal and dispensiqg purposes 



this acid should always be given preference over the regular 
grades. It has a very high melting point, which indicates ex- 
ceptional purity. The Mallinckrodt Chemical Works also sup- 
ply the " Black Isabel " carbolic acid, which is extensively sold 
by the jobbing trade, and is unsurpassed in quality by any for- 
eign or domestic make. Pharmacists should distinguish care- 
fully between these two grades when ordering. 



A New Vaccination Shield* 

INDORSED BT THE MEDICAL PB0FB8BI0N. 

The Oliver vaccination shield, which is illustrated here- 
with, possesses several special points of excellence which will 
undoubtedly commend it to the medical profession. The shield 
is made of aluminum, and is therefore very light, but at the 
same time strong and durable. It is so adjusted as to insure 
perfect ventilation and still to afford complete protection from 
the irritating contact of clothing, etc. 




Fig. 1. 

The above illustration (Fig. 1) shows the all aluminum form 
of the Oliver shield. The shield is affixed to the arm by means 
of strips of adhesive plaster, to which the shield is attached 
by means of flexible strips of aluminum, which pass up 
through slots in the shield and are then bent down. To re- 
move the shield, the metal strips are unbent, and the shield 
thus removed without disturbing the strips ofplaster. 




Pfg. 2. 

Fig. 2 shows a form of the shield in which the top of the 
shield is of mica. The facts that the shield and dressing can 
be so accurately adjusted that they can be removed, the shield 
sterilized and fresh dressings substituted for the old with so 
little trouble, are undoubtedly of great advantage. They may 
be purchased through Jobbers or direct from the makers, the 
Oliver Shield Company, Newark, N. J., at |1.00 per dozen. 



An essential feature in the success of the old cork house of 
Justus Brauer & Son, 248 North Front street, Philadelphia, la 
that their corks are always fully up to sample and invariably 
of full count They mak^ a specialty of prescription corks, 
and such other fine goods as druggists use. Their advertise- 
ment is to be found in another part of this issue. 

Henry H. Sheip & Co., Philadelphia, make a specialty of 
white wood syringe boxes, but manufacture as well every 
form of druggists* wood boxes. Upon application they will 
send samples and quotations. Their facilities are so wide that 
they are in a position not only to quote as low or lower than 
the market, but to Insure prompt delivery, the latter point be- 
ing one which will appeal vefy strongly to manufacturers, 
whose business has been held up upon occasion by dilatory 
box makers. 

All forms of tablet machines from the smallest to the larg- 
est are made by the F. J. Stokes Machine Company, Philadel- 
phia. This house has made quite a specialty of a small and 
cheap hand machine for druggists, which has proved to be 
abundantly satisfactory. By addressing the house, illustrated 
catalogues and other information may be obtained. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



Rutb — A Souvenir. 
Buth l8 the title of " Goodrich Olrl," a most cbartulng crea- 
ture, at leaBt she looks so Id the picture, which the B. F. 
Goodrich Company, of Akron, Ohio, furnish to the members o( 
the drug trade. To the unfortunate outsider the price of the 
picture postpaid Is 75 cents. We Infer from the Information 
at hand that If our readers will be careful to mention the fact 
that they are regular readers and admirers of the Auebicas 
Obdooist they will not be considered as outsiders, and will be 
favored with a copy of the picture without cost. Write them 
on this head. 



Straws. 

The piitent paper straws manufactured by the Estate of M. 
C. Stone, Washington, D. C, are an absolutely necessary ad- 
Juuct to every up-to-date soda fountain. DrugglBtB who have 
not used these Btraivs should write at once to the Estate of 
M. C. Stone, Washington, D. C„ and secure samples and cir- 
culars. Those who have already used them will remember 
that this la about the time to order them from their Jobbers. 



The .accompanying UluatraUon of the No. 1 size and ex- 
planations show the principle upon which the fountains are 
operated. Their larger sizes, No. 2 and No. S, are made of 
Imitation of onyx or marble, and would be difficult to ols- 
tlDgulsh from the ordinary fountain upon a store counter. 
TLelr Imitation marble counters are very bandaome, and foun- 
tclns or counters, or both, will be very attractive and an or- 
nament to auy store. 

A very attractive catalogue will be mailed upon applica- 
tion to whoever may be Interested. 

They have orders hooked already for over 500 of these 
fountains for later deUvery, and they state, judging from the 
Inquiries they are now having, their abilities will be tared to 
the utmost during the neit five or six months to meet the de- 
mands for this class of fountain. 

See ad. and cut of No. 3 fountain on page ^. 

A represents a faucet through which the soda solution la 
drawn. B represents the body of the fountain. G Is a small 



Worth Tatkiaz About, 

It is a pleasure to handle a line of goods that is worth 
talking about and that yon feel sure will satisfy your cus- 
tomers. That Is exactly what a line of perfumes, toilet waters, 
etc., of your own manufacture from the Wll-low Floral Oils 
would do. Every druggist should take advantage of the fact 
that Easter will soon be here, and there Is no line which would 
be any more appropriate than a line of perfumes, etc. It 
might be Interesting to some of our readers to know some- 
thing of the history of Mr. Lowe. The original WU-low 
started his brilliant business career in 1882 as a drug clerk, 
when he tolled for fourteen weary hours each day. He soon 
took np the study of pharmacy, and during bis Junior year 
received a testimonial of merit. He graduated from the 
Northwestern University as a Ph.G. In 1888 with high honors, 
being valedictorian of his class. He went abroad In 1S90, at 
which time he visited many famous perfumers, and gained 
valuable Information which he Is using at the present time. 
For ten years after his return to the United States he traveled 
east and west, acquiring a better knowledge of the world and 
Its ways. He also established a complete laboratory at his 
home to assist him In continuing his studies. 

On January 1, 1900, he launched bis present line of the 
Wil-low Otis. To say that he has been successful would be 
but mildly expressing It The Wll-low Oils and his clever 
trade-mark, Wll-low, derived from the first three letters of 
his first and last names, Wlllts H. Lowe, are attaining a na- 
tional reputation, and they have come to stay. The single fact 
that the Wil-low Oils require no color Is a saving of both time 
and money to every druggist He has associated with him 
several of the most famous chemists and perfumers. 

C. W. Dewey and J. F. McCullough are traveling for him 
In New EneLond and W. .T, Taylor la making a trip through 
New Tork Srate. He has local representatives In nearly every 
large dty. You have only to drop a line to Wll-low to receive 
tall Information In regard to the prices, etc., of his oils. He 
does all In his power to assist his customers, furnishing them 
free with handsome and appropriate labels. Instructing them 
as to the beat ways of putting the goods up, and explaining 
the quickest and cheapest methods of Introducing them. He 
would be pleased to receive a trial order, which would receive 
his careful attention. He has just eatra^d new and commodi- 
ous quarters at 247 Atlantic avenue, Bonton, Mass., where he 
occupies a whole floor of a six-story double building. 



A Fotintam for the Small Store. 
The Acorn Brass Works, of Chicago, are preparing for n 
large demand for a little soda fountain which Is destined to 
meet the requirements of thousands of small stores whose 
trade would hardly warrant Investment for a soda fountain 
that runs up In cost to the hundreds of dollars. This is called 
the Perfection Soda Fountain and sells for from $16 to 550. 
These fountains are not charged with carbonic gas, as Is the 
case with tlie ordinary higher priced fountains, but the soda 
Is forced from the reservoir and cylinder surrounded by Ice 
by air pressure, and Is a very simple as well as Ingenious de- 

Bedpes for making sjTups and charging fountains accom- 
pany each fountain, which allows customers to draw a de- 
licious glass of soda 500 miles from a railroad station at a 
cost of about ^ cent per glass, and practically as cheap as If 
he were In a large city. 



rubber hose connecting with cylinder D which draws the soda 
solution from the bottom of the compression cylinder to the 
fsucet D Is a compression cylinder, having a vent cock on 
top and also a place to attach rubber hose F and 0, and at the 
bottom Is a metal base forming a check valve, which serves 
to sink the compression cylinder In the solution In the Jar 
npar the bottom. B la a four or five gallon Jar, or any other 
suitable vessel, for holding the soda solution. (Not furnished 
with fountain.) F is a robber hose which conducts the air 
from air pump G to the compression cylinder D. G is an air 
pump, fastened to the floor, for pumping air into cylinder D. 
H Is a vent cock to let the air out of the compression cylinder, 
thereby allowing the solution In the Jar to pass through the 
check valve automatically, seeking its level In compression 
cylinder D. After the soda solution has all been drawn from 
compression cylinder you need only to open the vent cock and 
allow It to refill from the Jar, then close the vent cock and 
apply air pump again. 

Compression cylinders hold from ten to fifty glasses or 
soda, according to size of cylinder. For descriptive circular 
address Department B, Acorn Brass Works, Chicago, 111. 



Warning: to Infringers. 



The .illegretti Chocolate Cream Company, of 159 State- 
street Chicago, and 92T Broadway, New York, have Issued a 

warning to the trade against the purchase of any chocolate 
creams bearing the name " Allegretti," not made by this house. 
No one has a right to use the name. " Genuine Allegretti " or 
" Allegretti," alone In connection with chocolate creams or 
confectionery save the Allegretti Chocolate Cream Company. 
Druggists who wish to secure a very profitable agency should 
address this company at 159 State street, Chicago, asking for 
terms to agents. When writing, kindly mention the Ahekicau 
Drttoqist. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST 

and PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD 



NEW YORK AND CHICAGO, FEBRUARY 24. 1902. 



IBBUSD Sna-MOIRHLT BT 

ANEIUCAN DICUGGIST PUBLISHING CO« 

ttM8 Wb8t Bboadwat, Nkw Yobk. 
TM9^k9m, 4470 CortttUMlt. Cabt9 aMr—»: " Am^ruggltt, NtB York,'* ABO 

A. R. ELUOTT, Frasldent. 
CASWELL A. MATO, FIlO Editor. 

THOMAS J. l^BENAN, Lie. Pbar Anodate Editor. 

Chicago Office, SSI Randolph Street. 
ftOMAINE PIEB80N, Manager. 

SuBSOBiPnoN Pbiob: 

Paid in adyaooe direct to this office $1US0 

Foreign Coontriea 8.60 

Subecrlptions may begin at anj time. 



THE RICE MEMORIAL FUND. 



ADmnsiBo aATU quotid oh appucatiov. 



Tbb Ajobbigax Dbuoout A2n> Prabmaobutxgal Rkcobd is iflsued on the 
•eoood and fourth Mondays of each month. Changee of advertlaenients 
•boald be receired ten days In adrance of the date of publicadon. 

Bemittanoes should be made by New York exchange, post office or express 
«noney order or registered nudl. If checks on local banks are used 10 cents 
sbofuld be added to coyer cost of collection. The publishers are not respoo* 
Bible for money sent by unregistered mall, nor for any money paid except to 
dnly authorised agents. All conununicationB should- be' addressed and all 
remittances made payable to American Brugglst Pubhshing Co., 6t 06 West 
Broadway, New York. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

bdxt0bial8 95 

Obxoihaii Abticuib: 

Tinctures from Assayed Fluid Extracts, by Isaac VL Wellls. . 08 

K»W RSMBOIBB »OB 1901 98 

DBPABTMBlfT OF STOBB MANAOnCBKT : 

Belationa with Physicians 09. 100 

OKBAK of CUBBBIfT LiTEBATUBB : 

Shining Curacoa Aloes, Poisoning with Poppy Capsules, The 
Catalyptic Action of Potassium Iodide in the Quantitative 
Determination of Iron, New Process for Fluid Extract of 
Ergot, Amount of CInnamIc Add in Cinnamon Water 101 

iBOvelerlanate of Copper, Relation of Canadlne to Berberlne, 
Tlie Constituents of Kousse Flowers, Sodium Thlosulphate 
from the Physical and Chemical Viewpoints, Rubber, Christ- 

mas and New Year Presents In Pharmacy 102 

Interaction Between Magnesium Sulphate, Antipyrtne and 
Sodium Salicylate, The Native Remedy for Blackwater 

Fever, Note on Ichthyol 108 

The Pharmacological Assay of Drugs, The Adulteration of 
Drugs, The Assay of Cinchona Barks, The Sugar Coated 
Pill, Color Reactions for Certain Coal-Tar Derivatives. Fill- 
ing Capsules with Essential Oils, Ground Flaxseed Adulter- 
ated with Mineral Oil, A New Reagent for Albumin in the 
Urine 104 

Qctbibs and Answbbs : 

Incompatibility of Potassium Bromide and Paraldehyde, 
Cream for Chapped Hands and Face, Lecithin, Acid Alcohol. 105 

Fletfi Reducers, The Action of Alkalies on Aloin 100 

Bbvuwb of Books 106 

Busx^rasB BuniDiNO 107, 108 

HmwB or thb Dbuo Wobld 109-126 



TO the credit of the pharmacists of this country be 
it said the contributions to the Rice Memorial Fund, 
originated in our last issue, are coming to hand in a 
most gratifying manner, gratifying because the subscrip- 
tions received are almost invariably accompanied by ex- 
pressions of pleasure that a movement has been inaugu- 
rated for giving a permanent form and substance to the 
appreciation felt by the pharmacists of the United States 
for the arduous, self-sacrificing and life-long labors of 
Dr. Rice. As we go to press subscriptions have been 
received amounting to over $300, and the interest 
in the fund and the projected monument is constantly 
spreading. We wish to again accentuate the fact that 
no one need feel ashamed to subscribe a small amount 
toward this fund. While large donations will, of course, 
be received with pleasure by the c(»nmittee, it is the 
number of donors, rather than the gross sum donated, 
which will be of value as a demonstration of the fact 
that the labors of Dr. Rice for the good of the many 
were appreciated by the many. A list of the contributors 
to the American Druggist Fund is printed on another 
page. 

OUR SUBSCRIBERS' DISCUSSIONS* 



TO-MORROW, February 25, is the last day on which 
replies to the second question propounded in Sub- 
scribers' Discussions — What is the Best Method of En- 
capsulating Liquid Drugs? — can be received. While the 
responses to this question have not been very numerous, 
a sufficient number have come to hand to give proof qf 
the widespread interest which is taken in this new de- 
partment of the American Druggist^ and it is to be 
hoped that all who intend to compete for the prize will 
send in their manuscripts so as to reach us as early as 
possible to-morrow. The prize essay, as well as other 
essays which may be deemed worthy of publication, will 
be printed in our issue for March 10. 

The topic selected for discussion in our third series 
of Subscribers' Discussions is : " What is the Best Routine 
Method of Making Suppositories?" This question 
opens up a wide field of inquiry, and embraces, among 
other considerations, a discussion of the merits of the 
different suppository bases, the relative merits of rolled 
and molded suppositories, the best forms of- molds, and 
the relative advantages or disadvantages of rolled, 
molded or compressed suppositories. Other points for 
consideration will readily present themselves to the work- 
ing pharmacist Answers to this third question of the 
series are to be received not later than March 25, and all 



96 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



manuscripts should be addressed to The Editor, the 
American Druggist, 62-68 West Broadway, New York. 
As it is designed in these Discussions to enrich the 
general fund of information regarding druggists' meth- 
ods and other knowledge of a practical character having 
a bearing on pharmacy and pharmaceutical processes, it 
is hoped that all subscribers to the American Druggist 
who are in a position to reply will do so. 



THE STATUS OF THE *" UCENSED DRUGGIST "* 

IN NEW YORK. 



IN view of the number of times that the new pharmacy 
law for the State of New York has been published 
in the various drug journals, we should have expected a 
better knowledge of its provisions on the part of those 
interested. The distinction between the two grades of 
licenses is but poorly understood by a large number of 
pharmacists throughout the State. We are convinced of 
this by the occasional receipt of inquiries from prospec- 
tive candidates for the examination for the " licensed 
druggist " certificate, and of inquiries regarding the privi- 
leges of a person holding such a certificate in Greater 
New York. It is quite evident, therefore, that the provi- 
sions of the new pharmacy law are not well under- 
stood, for there is nothing in any of its various sections 
and subdivisions which would lead any one to suppose 
that a "licensed druggist" has any standing whatever 
in the metropolis. As regards the privileges of a " li- 
censed druggist " under the law, subdivision 4 of Sec- 
tion 194 defines his rights as follows : 

Subdivision 4. It shall be lawful for a licensed druggist 
under this act, who shall conform to the rules and regulatioiu 
of the State Board of Pharmacy, to take, exhibit and use the 
titles, "licensed druggist" and "drug store," and to have 
charge of, engage in, conduct or carry on, on his own account 
or for another, the dispensing, compounding or retailing of 
drugs, medicines or poisons, in any place which by the last 
State or United States census had a population of less than 
one thousand, but no licensed druggist shall have charge of 
more than one drug store at the same tima 

Under Subdivision 5 he has the right to dispense, com- 
pound or retail drugs, medicines and poisons in a phar- 
macy or drug store under the management and super- 
vision of a licensed pharmacist, except in cities having 
a population of a million or more inhabitants. 

The restrictions under which a " licensed druggist " 
is allowed to practice are clear and evident from the fore- 
going citations from the law. He may not open a drug 
store and conduct the same in a town having a popula- 
tion of more than one thousand, and he has not the right 
to dispense, compound . or retail drugs, medicines and 
poisons in cities having ttiore than a million inhabitants, 
even under the supervision of a licensed pharmacist, 
which latter provision clearly bars the " licensed drug- 
gist " from the city of New York. In places where he 
is permitted to keep open store he is prohibited from 
styling such store a "pharmacy," and is limited to the 
use of the titles " licensed druggist " and " drug store." 

" The licensed pharmacist " has a roving commission 



and enjoys the right of practicing pharmacy in any part 
of the State, and it is lawful for him " to take, use and 
exhibit the titles * licensed pharmacist ' and * pharmacy ' 
and ' licensed druggist ' and ' drug store,' to have, charge 
of, engage in, or carry on for himself, or another, the 
dispensing, compounding or sale of drugs, medicines or 
poisons, an)rwhere within the State, but no licensed phar- 
macist shall have personal supervision of more than one 
pharmacy or drug store at the same time." 

There is no real necessity for the existence of two- 
grades of licenses in this State, as the distinction bears 
no relation to the distinction that prevails between the 
different grades of licenses issued in countries like Great 
Britain and Germany. The only excuse for its retention- 
in the law at the time of the change from the local board 
system to an all-State pharmacy law was to preserve the 
rights of the " assistant druggists " recognized by the old 
State Board and one of the local boards. When the law 
is finally revised to meet the views of educated pharma- 
cists throughout the State the lower grade of license will 
probably be abolished. 



THE TRAINING OF THE APPRENTICE. 



THE training of the beginner in pharmacy is a moot 
question in more countries than our own. The 
pros and cons of store experience before or after the 
college, course have been amply discussed in previous 
numbers of the American Druggist. Perhaps the ma- 
jority of successful men in the business of pharmacy are 
convinced that store experience prior to graduation from 
a college of pharmacy makes the better pharmacist, while 
a goodly number of those engaged in pharmaceutical 
pursuits believe otherwise. The question has been by 
no means definitely settled. 

The advocates of store experience prior to graduatioi> 
point to the fact that this is a method which has already 
proved successful in training pharmacists, and those 
who are opposed to it — such opponents belonging chiefly 
to the newer generation of pharmacists — ^maintain that 
the prestige of the profession is lowered by a system of 
training which fastens the young clerk's attention more 
upon the small retail trade side of his future vocation 
in life than the more professional part of pharmacy, and 
that clerks who are trained in this way are apt to forget 
the intellectual side of the profession under the neglect 
of their proprietors. The point is made that theory 
should always precede practice, though the danger of the 
college course becoming too theoretical under the new 
system is not at the same overlooked. 

A number of individuals prominent in British phar- 
macy have recently participated in a remarkable sym- 
posium on the subject of the training of the apprentice 
in the Winter Issue of our London contemporary. The 
Chemist and Druggist, Little evidence is brought out 
in this symposium to show that real systematic train- 
ing was ever the chief feature of the old-time pharma- 
ceutical apprenticeship, a fact which must be disturbing to- 
the ideas entertained by certain conservative souls who- 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



97 



have no love for the new, or anything that lacks the flavor 
of antiquity. Speaking from our own experience, if we 
were asked to name the chief feature of the training of 
the apprentice in olden days, we should unhesitatingly 
answer, Hard work. For the first two years of the pe- 
riod for which he was indentured the old-time appren- 
tice was charged with the work which now devolves upon 
the porter. He was the recognized errand boy of the 
establishment, and when not tramping wearily through 
the town delivering siphons, prescriptions and packages, 
he was engaged in the work of cleaning utensils, sweep- 
ing the floor, washing the shop furniture, or cleaning the 
windows and the woodwork of the counter, shelves and 
ornamental fixtures of the store. He was early initiated 
into the art of cleaning greasy spatulas and mortars and 
pestles, and the manufacture of mercurial ointment was 
often a diversion from the trying task of powdering 
ipecac root in a Wedgewood mortar whose term of life 
was uncertain and usually a short one. After about a 
year of work of this kind, which began every morning 
as soon as the apprentice took the shutters from the win- 
dow at 7x>'clock and lasted, with intermissions for lunch 
and dinner, until the store was closed at lo o'clock in the 
evening, the apprentice — who was meanwhile permitted 
occasional opportunities of acquiring expertness in the 
wrapping of parcels, through experimentation with sand, 
sawdust, coriander seed, senna leaves, or Gregory's pow- 
der — was allowed to assist in the preparation of infusions, 
tinctures, ointments and the numerous other galenical 
compounds then manufactured by the retail pharmacist. 
He was not trusted to compound prescriptions until about 
his third year, and then always under the supervision of 
a senior or the proprietor himself. As narrated in the 
reminiscences of Henry Deane, who was one of the best 
exponents of the craft that British pharmacy has known, 
while grinding Prussian blue or powdering roots and 
«eeds, the apprentice pondered over their physical con- 
stitution and afterward read up their natural history in 
a Dispensatory. 

At the conclusion of his term of apprenticeship, which 
lasted from three to five years, the young man, released 
from his indei^tures, was generally presented with an 
honorarium of some kind, consisting either of a round 
sum of money or an article of apparatus. He then became 
an " assistant," and if advancement did not come to him 
in the establishment in which he had served his appren- 
ticeship, and he was ambitious, he reached out for a 
position in one of the metropolitan centers, or in India 
or the Colonies. The apprentice was, of course, expected 
to pass the preliminary examination of the Pharmaceu- 
tical Society during the term of his apprenticeship, and 
be prepared to go up for the minor examination and be- 
come a registered Chemist and Druggist at the close of 
his apprenticeship, or soon thereafter. In the time of 
which we speak apprentices received no pay for their 
services, but their parents and guardians were often ex- 
pected to deposit a pretty stiflF premium for the privilege 
of learning the art and business of pharmacy. By the 
terms of his indenture the apprentice bound and obliged 



himself " to serve honestly, faithfully and diligently, by 
night and by day, including Sabbaths, when necessary, 
and fiuther not to reveal the secrets of his master's busi- 
ness or his employer's, nor to dispense drugs or medi- 
cines on his own account." On the other hand, the master 
bound and obliged himself to teach and instruct the in- 
dentured one during the time of his apprenticeship in 
the art and business of a chemist and druggist, " and in 
every part thereof, as he himself knew and practiced the 
same, and to use his best endeavors to make the appren- 
tice skilled and expert therein." The indenture usually 
contained an agn'ecment to allow the apprentice time to 
attend study in a preparatory school. 

The significance of our contemporary's symposium 
is sufficiently expressed by the editor, who emphasizes 
the fact that " the opportunity for training is not made 
for the apprentice, but by him, and it is the lad whose 
powers of observation are above the average, and who 
is desirous of learning the business well, who finds him- 
self superior to any disadvantageous conditions in which 
he mav find himself." And he concludes that " retail 
pharmacy is now ditferent, and the improvement of meth- 
ods and better commercial conditions have thrown into 
the hands of wholesalers a large amount of work which 
was previously done in retail pharmacies, so that ap- 
prentices are deprived of the opportunity of making large 
quantities of plasters and tinctures, rolling big pill masses 
and sweating over horse-balls. But there are compensat- 
ing advantages, and youths of the old type, who are will- 
ing to work and willing to learn, have as good, if not 
better, chances now as any of our contributors had." 

It must be admitted that all this does not advance 
matters much. It does not bring us any nearer to a solu- 
tion of the question as to whether the training of the store 
should precede the training of the college ; that is, from 
the practical standpoint; And we suppose the subject 
will always remain a topic for discussion among pharma- 
cists while pharmacy retains its semi-business, semi- 
professional character ; but, no matter how the discussion 
may wax and wane, it will not be questioned that not only 
the apprentice, but the art of training him as well, is a 
fading pharmaceutical factor. 



THE PURITY OF OUR DRUGS AND 

CHEMICALS* 



IT is particularly opportune that in this semi-centennial 
year of the foundation of the American Pharmaceu- 
tical Association a committee should be appointed upon 
the drug market, the duty of which will be to examine 
into and report upon the quality of the drugs and chemi- 
cals found in the open market. One of the main objects 
of the organization of the American Pharmaceutical As- 
sociation, or, rather, of the meeting which resulted^ in 
the organization of the association, was an effort to im- 
prove the quality of the drugs and chemicals in the Amer- 
ican market by preventing the importation of adulterated 
drugs. In pursuance of a resolution adopted at the St. 
Louis meeting a committee has been appointed which 
consists of E. L. Patch, of Stoneham, Mass.; Eustace 
H. Gane, of New York, and Henry Kraemer and Mr. 
Ihlhardt, of Philadelphia. 



98 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



TINCTURES FROM ASSAYED FLUID EXr 

TRACTS. 

By Isaac Mosheim Weills, 

Washington, Pa. 

SOME time ago I noticed in one of the journals an 
article condemning the use of fluid extracts for the 
manufacture of tinctures for dispensing or other pur- 
poses, and bringing forward the contention that the U. S. 
Pharmacopoeia directs tinctures to be made from the 
crude drug. It is true, if every druggist were perfectly 
qualified and possessed of the necessary apparatus for 
making the analysis of all drugs, that it would be right 
and proper to follow the letter of the Pharmacopoeia, 
but when it is considered that many of the drugs vary 
in strength at different seasons of the year, allowance 
should be made for thes^ variations. 

As an instance take Eupatorium purpureum, Queen 
of the Meadow, or, as it is often called, Joe-Pye weed. 
In the spring of the year, just after the stalk has grown 
up and while yet young and tender, the plant contains 
little of the medicinal qualities that will be found later. 
Just after the plant begins to bloom and before the flow- 
ers blow, or, to put it better, just between flower and 
seed time, all its medicinal qualities are concentrated in 
. the foliage. A few days later it will be found that much 
of the strength has gone to ripen the seed. Now if a 
tincture be prepared from specimens gathered at the 
different times specified one will have three separate 
and distinct strengths of tinctures of the same herb; 
while if the tincture is made from an assayed fluid ex- 
tract and diluted to a certain strength it will always be 
of uniform strength, and the physician can place rdiance 
on the tincture thus prepared. 

I have before me an assay made in the laboratory of 
Parke, Davis & Co., of Detroit, Mich., from which we 
quote the following, showing the different percentage 
strength of certain drugs as commonly found on the 
market. The figures are : " Cinchona, red, total alkaloids, 
per cent., 5.9, 5.2, 7.5, 6, 4.6, 8.3, 4.2, 8, 5.8, 6, 7.5, 4.2, 9, 
' 6.88, 7.35, 8.5." Here we have a variation of from 4.2 
to 9 per cent. 

Again, " Colchicum seed, per cent, of alkaloid, 0.56, 
0.4, 0.67, 0.72, 0.52, 0.55, 0.45, 0.8, 0.62, 0.67, 0.32." 

The advantages of assay work in connection with the 
standardization of drugs may be understood better from 
this exhibit. Now how do Parke, Davis & Co. proceed 
in cases where so considerable a variation is noted ? Sim- 
ply if the formula calls for one pound of the crude drug 
to make one gallon of the extract to assay at 100 per 
cent., and the pound fail to bring it up to that standard 
they add enough of the crude drug until it will stand 
the test, even if it should take one and a half pounds or 
more. Now it is evident that physicians prescribing 
tinctures or extracts made in this way will get the re- 
sults they expect from the dose they prescribe. But how 
about tinctures made from the crude drugs? To give 
point to my contention I will instance the fact that some 
years ago a cargo of cascara bark, in transit from New 
York to Philadelphia by water, was sunk in the canal, 
where it remained for about two weeks. The boat was 
raised, brought to the dock at Philadelphia, and the cargo 
of cascara bark placed upon the wharf. The drug was 
submitted to an expert for examination and this expert 
decided that the bark was rendered worthless by the 
soaking it had been subjected to. The firm ordering it 
therefore declined to accept it; the consignment was re- 
jected. A drug broker passing that way observed the 
cargo of cascara bark in this condition and made a bid 
for the whole lot at a small price. His offer was ac- 
cepted, the lot of drug was sold to him, and he, drying 



it out, forwarded it to a drug mill to have it ground. 
The material was then shipped to New York and sold 
for ground cascara bark. 

Now what would follow if the average druggist was 
to order ground cascara bark and it should be ^led from 
this stock? Not having the means at hand to test its 
strength, or trusting to buying his drugs from a first- 
class wholesale house, the druggist would innocently 
perpetrate a fraud. He would make up his extract from 
this bark, make no assay and dispense the liquid. The 
physician, failing to get the result expected, would won- 
der why. The wholesaler, the druggist and the physi- 
cian would all be innocent of any intended fraud on the 
patient, but the result would be the same. All this tends 
to show the importance of having tinctures made from 
assayed extracts; this seems to be the most expedient 
way out of the dilemma. 

NEW REMEDIES FOR i90U 



{Continued from Page 71.) 

BELOW is a list of the more promising of the new 
remedies introduced during the past year. The 
claims of the introducers are set forth without indorse- 
ment by this journal. The references given are to earlier 
numbers of the American Druggist : 

Jamrosin, which appears in the market in the form of a 
fluid extract, is recommended in doses of six drops three times 
daily for diabetes. It is said to be obtained from an East In- 
dian member of the family Myrtacese. 

Lactanin is a bi-lacto monotannate of bismuth. It is a yel- 
lowish powder, and is a powerful intestinal antiseptic 

Levico Ochre is a mud derived from the springs at Levico, a 
Tyrolean health resort This is applied in the form of a hot 
poultice in neuralgia, chronic inflammatory processes and exu- 
dates, and also in sexual diseases. It contains both iron and 
arsenic. 

Limanol, an extract prepared by boiling the mud from the 
Liman Springs at Odeasa. It is recommended as an applica- 
tion in gout and ischia. 

Liquor Thiophosphini is a substitute for syrup of guaiacol. 
The solution contains potassium guaiacol sulphonate in con- 
junction with calcium compounds. The dose is 5 to 10 grama 
three times daily. 

Lygosin Compounds. The sodium and quinine compounds 
of di-ortho-cumarin ketone (lygosin) have been recommended 
as bactericides. 

Lycoform (or lyciform?) is a solution ot formaldehyde in al- 
coholic potash soap solution faintly perfumed. 

Lysulfol is a sulphur compound of lysol, containing 10 per 
cent, of sulphur. A thick black fluid, nearly of the consistency 
of an ointment, and used in various skin diseases, especially 
the parasitic ones. 

Maltogen is a malt extract made by the manufacturers of 
tropon, Boeder & Co., of Vienna. 

Mediglydn is the name given by the Helfenberg Chemical 
Works (Deitrich's) to their Uquid glycerin soap, to which va- 
rious medicaments may be added. 

Menthorol is a mixture of menthol and parachlorphenoL It 
is a rather thick fluid with a pleasant odor and taste, as com- 
pared with parachlorphenol, and is used in 5, 10 and 16 per 
cent, solutions in glycerin as a local application to the larynx. 
The new remedy possesses all the therapeutic virtues of para- 
chlorphenol without the disadvantages of the latter. Para- 
chlorphenol, it may be noted here, has been used since 1894 In 
tuberculosis of the larynx. The remedy is used in 5 or 10 per 
cent, solutions in glycerin as an application, and In )4 or % 
I>er cent, solutions for inhalation. 

Methenyl-ortho-anisidin, which is prepared by the action of 
ortho-formic add ester upon ortho-anlsidln, has been recom- 
mended as an ansesthetlc. 

Musol, which has been recommended as a specific against 
diabetes, is put in boxes each of which contains 20 cachets^ 
with 1 gram of salol in each cachet 

Sodium bi-iodo-salicylate has been recommended as a sab- 
stitute of iodoform in the treatment of syphilitic sores, either 
alone or as an addition to dusting powder. 

Nioform is the name which has been given to lodo-chloro- 
oxy-chinolin, which is said to have pronounced bactericidal 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD 



99 



properties, to be nontoxic and to be available for subcutaneous 
injections. It has been recommended as a substtiute for iodo- 
form. 

Ossln Is a cod liver oil preparation made by Stroscbein, of 
Berlin, whicb presents the oil in tbe form of a permanent 
emulsion, readily mlsclble with water. 

Ozonatine is an aerial disinfectant composed principally of 
oil of turpentine and various odoriferous oils. 

Osonoform is a preparation marketed by Badlauer, of Ber- 
11 11, as a combination of ozone with a distillate of the silver 
leafed flr. The preparation is intended for use as a disinfect- 
ant in sick rooms. 

Palladium chloride has been recommended in the treatment 
of tuberculosis in the dose of ten drops of a 8 per cent solu- 
tion. 

Pegnin is the name given by the Hoechst Farbwerke to a 
rennet ferment, which when added to cow's milk facilitates 
its digestion and renders it more like human milk. 

Persodine is the French specialty which has been recom- 
mended for the treatment of tuberculosis. It consists of a so- 
lution of two parts of sodium persulphate in 800 of water. 

Petroz is the name of a substitute for vasogen, which is 
said to consist of a mixture of 100 parts of paraflin oil, 50 parts 
of oleic add and 25 parts of alcoholic ammonia solution. 

Phenacylphenetedin is a non-toxic phenacetine preparation 
readily soluble in alcohol and glycerin, and insoluble in water. 

Phenol celluloid is a preparation prepared from collodion 
cotton, carbolic acid and camphor as a dressing for wounds. 

Physol is a permanent pepsin preparation. 

Plantose is a plant albumen obtained from the pressed cake 
of rape seed. It is tasteless, and contains from 12 to 13 per 
cent of nitrogen. 

Pneumin, or methylene creosote, is an odorless, tasteless, 
yellowish powder, which Is non-toxic, and is claimed to have 
proven of great value in the treatment of tuberculosis in 
^ doses of 0.5 to 2 grammes. 

Prophylactol Is the name which is given to an apparatus, 
and also the medicament itself, for injection into the urinary 
tract The liquid consists of 20 per cent, of protocol and gly- 
cerin, containing con*oslve sublimate in the proportion of one ' 
part to 2,000. 

Pulmoform, or methylene digualacol is a yellowish, odor- 
less and non-toxic, and tasteless powder, which has been rec- 
ommended in the treatment of tuberculosis. 

Purgatin is an anthrapurpurindiacetate, and occurs as a 
yellow, microcrystalline powder, melting at 175 degrees C. 
Originally it was styled purgatol. The dose is 0.5 6m, it gives 
a free movement without griping. Pugn^atln may be given 
in capsules, or In watery solutions, or in tablets with chocolate 
containing 0.30 Gm. each. I*urgatin colors the urine red, and 
it may lead to confusion in testing for blood and for the Ehr- 
licb dlaso-reaction. 

Puroform is the name given to an antiseptic and disinfect- 
ant made by Radlauer, of Berlin, which contains a compound 
of zinc and formaldehyde, thymol, menthol and eucalyptol. 

Pyramidon camphorate. Both the neutral and the acid 
salt have been used with good results in tuberculosis, the dose 
being from 0.75 to 1 Gm. 

Pyramidon salicylate is said to yield good results in doses 
of 0.75 Gm. in advanced cases of phthisis. 

Bachitol is a product of the suprarenal glands, which is 
said to produce excellent results in the treatment of rachitis. 

Badal is a prophylactic recommended for the prevention of 
gonorrhoea! infection. It contains 20 per cent of protargol. 

Bheumatin is the salicylic salt of saloqulnine. It forms 
white needles, difficultly soluble in waler, and appears to be 
an excellent anti-rheumatic in doses of 3 Gm. daily. 

Salicylic add glycerin-ester is recommended as a valuable 
antisepttc and anti-rheumatic both for internal and external 
application. 

Saloqulnine is a quinine ester of salicylic add. It forms 
crystals insoluble in water. It is highly commended in tbfi 
treatment of intermittent fever, and in acute diseases such as 
neuralgia and neuroses, generally. 

Sanatolyn is a disinfectant obtained by mixing carbolic 
acid with sulphuric acid, a small percentage of ferrous sul- 
phate being present 

Sangostol (liquor calcii iodo ferratl) is a preparation of iron 
and caldum, which has been recommended in the treatment of 
rachitic and scrofulous children. 

Sanguinol is a dark brown odorless powder obtained from 
sterilized cairs blood. 

Selenopyrin Is a new antipyrin derivative obtained by de- 
composing potassium selinide with a so-called antipyrin chlor- 
ide. 

Septoforma is an antiseptic and antiparasitic consisting of 
a condensation product of formaldehyde dissolved in an al- 
coholic solution of linseed oil-potassium soap. It is intended for 
use in veterinary medidne. 



STORE MANAGEMENT. 

Condtfcted by W* A» Dawson. 
In tuUUion to publishing a series of articles covering the commer- 
cial side of pharmacy^ the editor oj this department will en- 
deatfor to discnss, criticise^ advise and give information on 
any qnesHon pertaining to the business management of the 
drug store propounded by readers of the American Dauocasx. 
This feature of the department is intended to constitute a busi- 
ness fuerr column for the readers of the Amuucan DaaoaisT, 
amd all queries regarding business matters addressed to it will 
be freely answered. 



::I31ELATI0NS WITH PHYSIC^NS* 

AS soon as possible after opening a new pharmacy 
or taking over an already established business, the 
pharmacist, if the town is a small one, should make it 
his dutv to call upon and pay his respects to the physi- 
cians of the place, or, if in a large dty, visit the physicians 
in the neighborhcxxl of the store. 

As a means of introducing himself and of creating 
a good impression in this introductory call the pharma- 
cist should have prepared especially for the occasion a 
suitable card. The card should be more of a visiting 
card than a business card, and contain nothing but the 
name, qualification and address of the owner. If a gradu- 
ate in pharmacy, the name, should have "Ph.G." ap- 
pended to it, the name of the college and year of gradu- 
ation being engraved on the succeeding line, as New 
York College of Pharmacy, '87 ; " in the case of a licen- 
tiate the line might read, '' Licensed Pharmacist, Ohio, 
'93." The address should be placed as on a visiting card, 
the town or city tmder the name to the right and the 
street address in the lower left hand comer. 

The introductory call should be brief, formal and 
dignified. No attempt should be made to drum up trade 
at this time — ^that can come later on. The impression 
the pharmacist should seek to convey is that his visit is 
mainly actuated by a desire to fulfill the professional 
amenities by making himself "known to the medical prac- 
titioners with whom he may afterward hold business or 
professional relations. 

It is quite proper for the druggist to state his experi- 
ence and qualifications, the degrees and certificates he 
holds from different colleges and boards, the length of 
his experience and the leading firms with which he has 
been associated. It is also permissible to speak of the 
location of the new store, the size of the stock and the 
completeness of its laboratory appointments, and a cor- 
disd invitation should be given to the physician to call 
and inspect it, without, however, making any direct solici- 
tation or appeal for trade or influence. Of course, where 
a physician appears interested and asks questions the 
pharmacist can talk business and explain some of his 
plans, aims and ambitions in connection with his new 
business enterprise. 

A CARD INDEX OF INFORMATION. 

As an aid to following up these introductory calls and 
systematically advertising the pharmacy to physicians, a 
card index of data pertaining to physicians should be 
established. On the face of die card, besides the name 
and address, should be noted such information as may 
from time to time be obtained regarding each physician, 
his school of practice and the size of his practice, whether 
a liberal prescriber or furnishing medicine himself, his 
credit and reputation, his peculiarities, likes and dislikes, 
and the pharmaceuticals preferred by him, and so on. 



lOO 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



Not all of this information can be obtained at once, so 
that the pharmacist must be constantly on the look out 
for pointers of this character and enter them in the index 
for future reference. Information of this kind will be 
found of the greatest value in future interviewing or in 
the distribution of advertising matter. An index that 
has been kept in this way for two or three years will come 
to embrace a mass of information and data that enables 
the right sort of a business man to skim the very cream 
of the physician's trade in his vicinity and to laugh at 
the efforts of his competitors and the supply houses to 
get it away from him. All they will get will be what he 
leaves and that they will be welcome to. 

In addition to physicians, the index should contain 
the names of dentists and veterinary surgeons, each class 
of names being kept on cards of a different color, and 
after visiting the physicians, the dentists and veterinary 
surgeons should also be called upon personally. 

As soon as the introductory visit has resulted in a 
successful interview, a pad of prescription blanks should 
be mailed on the same day or the day after, so that they 
will reach the doctor while the visit is fresh in his mem- 
ory, and after that advertising matter in various forms 
should be mailed at regular intervals, once a week as a 
rule and certainly at least once a month. 

A very good plan is to mail a supply of blanks month- 
ly along with a typewritten letter detailing laboratory 
methods and recent acquisitions to the stock ; and between 
times mail such other advertising matter as may suggest 
itself, booklets and circulars describing special prepara- 
tions and galenicals, manufacturers' price-lists of such 
goods as can be furnished at the list price, and the like. 

ADVERTISING TO THE PHYSICIAN. 

Once a month or so a representative should leave 
samples and literature of specialties and galenicals with 
the physicians of the neighborhood, and once in a while 
it is a good idea to leave some advertising novelty that 
will be of use on the office desk, for such a device, if pre- 
served, will advertise the store to the patient as well as 
to the physician : a desk pad, paper weight, ruler, or some 
such thing, and, of course, to be effective it must be at- 
tractive and too good to throw away. 

A strong card, because proof of ability, is sending out 
at intervals with other advertising matter a price-list of 
analyses fees, water, urine, blood, sputum, etc. If de- 
sired, little outside of simple testing need be done by the 
pharmacist, as arrangements can be made with some large 
chemical or analytical laboratory in the large cities to do 
the important operations. The pharmacist should be capa- 
ble of performing water and urine analysis, and it is the 
latter that is of most importance to the average physician. 
Besides the gain in prestige a steady trade in urinary 
analysis .is a paying proposition, even at a fee as low as 
50c. The urinary analysis trade of two or three insur- 
ance doctors in a good-sized city will usually average 
several examinations a day for the year through, and 
represent no mean turn-over at the end of the year. 

In his introductory call and in subsequent ones the 
pharmacist should invite the physician to visit his phar- 
macy, and when the physician calls he should be con- 
ducted at once to the laboratory and shown about. This 
is the crucial time, the trade and good will of the physi- 
cian depending a good deal upon what impression is made 
upon him at this time, hence the necessity of having the 
laboratory right in equipment and appointments. The 
physician cares little how big the soda fountain is or how 
grand the store fittings, nor does he care how many thou- 
sand ^s:lasses of soda are sold daily, provided he sees that 
the real thing, pharmacy proper, is not being neglected 



for the " side lines." He should at every opportunity be 
impressed with the fact that the front store and the 
laboratory are conducted as two separate businesses, or, 
rather, as two distinct departments of the one business; 
the professional part governed by the highest code of 
pharmaceutical ethics and the business part conducted 
along the lines of reputable and up-to-date business meth- 
ods. Most physicians understand that, divorced from its 
side lines, pharmacy does not afford a living to the phar- 
macist, and not a few of them know that the pharma- 
cist who has a large general trade is the one who can 
best give to his laboratory the finest equipment in the 
way of modern appliances, large stock and expert as- 
sistance. 

DO NOT RUN DOWN COMPETITORS. 

In talking with physicians, and laymen as well, one 
should always be on guard against being betrayed into 
making disparaging remarks about competitors or one's 
predecessors. Nothing is more tiresome than to listen 
to a business man nmning down his opposition, and one 
cannot help but feel that the tirade springs from jealousy 
and a desire of self-glorification. Such talk is always 
taken at a discount, usually leaves a bad impression and 
does the speaker more harm than the person disparaged. 
If one has but one business rule it should be this : Know 
all about your competitors in business, but never let any 
one else loiow that you know anything about them. 

OBJECTIONABLE PRACTICES. 

Two things that the physicians regard as most ob- 
jectionable in a pharmacist are counter prescribing and 
faking prescriptions, and justly so, for no honest pharaia- 
cist countenances either of these disreputable practices. 
But there are quack druggists as well as quack doctors, 
andwiththe large proprietary houses doing detective work 
and holding up to the medical profession as horrible ex- 
amples the quack druggists they catch at substituting, 
this evil is greatly exaggerated and medical men are thus 
rendered unduly suspicious of pharmacists in general. 
Another bugbear to the physician, who, although he feels 
kindly toward the "proprietary," is the "patent medi- 
cine," which is simply the proprietary in its most blatant 
form, and for the sake of the physician, if not for his 
own personal dignity, the pharmacist should be careful 
of the sort of patent medicine advertising that he allows 
his name to be appended to and the nature of the displays 
made of these goods in the store and windows. 

There are some preparations to which the pharmacist 
may give as much prominence and advertise as loudly 
and insistently as he pleases without giving offense v to 
the physicians of the town. Preparations for the hair, 
teeth, skin, etc., corn cures, plasters, salves, and many 
other things. But any man will kick when you touch 
his pocket, and advertising a preparation that comes into 
active competition with the physician will be certain to 
alienate his good will. For example, malaria is prevalent 
in your town and physicians have considerable practice 
in treating cases of it; if, then, you advertise a malaria 
cure with a great flourish of trumpets, you come into di- 
rect competition with the local physicians, and, naturally, 
they won't like it. On the other hand, no doctor feels 
offended at a big window display of Castoria, but objec- 
tion is made to a display of a prolapsus uteri nostrum. 



Dextrin Moontant* 

White dextrin W 

Alcoliol ^1 

Boiled distilled water 5Vj 

DIsRolve the dextrin In the water, and when nearlj eold add tb» 
alcohol and strain. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



lOI 



Cream of Current Literature 

A •Qinmary of the leading articlee in contemporary pharmaceutical periodicale. 



Pharmaceutisch Weekbladt Jantsary. 

Transactions of the Nederlandsche Maatschappij ter 
Bevordering der Pharmacie {Netherland Society for the 
Advancement of Pharmacy.) By Jacobus Pollak, Presi- 
dent of the Society. — ^A historical sketch of the move- 
ment to found an official organ of the society. Begin- 
ning with the present issue the Pharmaceutisch Week- 
blad has been constituted as the organ of the Maatschap- 
pij, and will publish its transactions, which include the 
most important pharmaceutical articles written in Hol- 
land. Formerly the transactions of the society were pub- 
lished irregularly at various intervals as " Berichten der 
Nederlandische Maatschappij ter Bevorderung der Phar- 
macie," the last number of which appeared on November 
I, 1901, as No. 8 of the third series. The Weekblad ap- 
pears with the present issue in a new and more attractive 
form; instead of the exceedingly ctmibersome folio size 
sheet of eight pages, it is now a neat little octavo of a 
little over twenty pages weekly. (January 4.) 

Shining Curacao Aloes, By P. van der Wielden. — 
This drug was supplied to the author by Brogades & 
Stheeman, of Meppel, and was found to consist of black 
shining pieces, among which there were some of liver 
color. On thin sections under the microscope no crystals 
whatever could be seen. The same obtains in the case 
of Cape aloes, while a sample of " dull " Curacao aloes 
showed the presence of aloin crystals. A small piece of 
the sample of shining aloes gave a red color on addition 
of nitric add, and in a little while was dissolved in this 
acid. The same test with dull Curacao aloes gave the 
same color reaction, but the aloes did not dissolve com- 
pletely. Cape aloes gave a greenish yellow tint with the 
same reagent (Bainbridge and Morrow's test). On dis- 
solving the aloes in water — i-ioo— a resinous sediment 
remained. The solution was, on filtering, yellow in color, 
but on standing and heating it turned a darker color. 
The qualitative reactions showed that there was a close 
correspondence between the shining and the dull Curacao 
aloes. True emodin does not occur, or only in traces, 
free in the shining aloes. The shining aloes are, there- 
fore, probably not adulterated with other substances. 
The analysis showed : Water, 10 per cent. ; ash, 2.08 per 
cent. ; constituents soluble in water, 66.87 per cent. ; con- 
stituents soluble in alcohol, 98.06 per cent. ; in ether, 1.04 
per cent.; in chloroform, 0.62 per cent.; in carbon di- 
sulphide, 0.42 per cent. ; resin, -{- 30 per cent. ; in the sub- 
stance freed from water, aloin melting at 149 degrees C, 
16.4. per cent. (January 4.) 

Poisoning with Poppy Capsules. By Van Ledden 
Hulsebosch. — Among the lower classes of society in the 
Netherlands there exists the reprehensible custom of 
giving decoctions of poppy " bulbs " to infants whenever 
these become troublesome. These preparations are 
popularly called " slaapbollen " or " slaapsdroop " 
(Syrupus papaveris). Of course, while the unripe cap- 
sules of Papaver somniferus contain a large amount of 
opium in the milky juice that exudes therefrom, the 
dried fruit of this plant contains but traces of the 
opium alkaloids. Certain it is that the decoctions and 
syrups prepared from these capsules have a somniferous 
effect upon children in very small doses, and that even 
fatal results have followed their administration. (Janu- 
ary 4.) 

The Catalytic Action of Potassium Iodide in the 
Quantitative Determination of Iron, By D. Schuh. — In 



the ordinary titration method of determining the amount 
of iron, with potassium iodide and sodium thiosulphate, 
the iodide exercises a catalytic action. In the presence 
of potassium iodide the reaction takes place according 
to the following formula: 2Fe,Cle+4Na2S20j=2Na,S4 
Oo+4FeCl2+4NaCl, while the reaction in the absence 
of potassium iodide takes place thus: 2Fe2Cla+6Na,S2 
03=2FeS508+2FeS^Oe+i2NaCl. (January 11.) 

New Process for Fluid Extract of Ergot. By W. 
Stoeder. — ^The following method of preparing this fluid 
extract is used by the author: One hundred parts of 
ergot powder, B30, dehydrated by percolating through 
petroleum ether, and dried by exposure to calcium chlo- 
ride, are mixed with the following: 

Diluted alcohol, 70 per cent Parts 80 

Glycerin Parts 20 

The moistened powder is macerated in a percolator 
for 24 hours and slowly percolated by additions of 70 
per cent, alcohol until 85 parts are obtained. This is 
set aside, and the percolation is continued with diluted 
alcohol until the percolate is very slightly tinged with 
red, and does not contain any ergotinin, so that 2 Cc. of 
it, diluted, with 2 Gc. of water and made alkaline with 
one drop of ammonia, on shaking with ether and pouring 
the latter upon strong sulphuric acid, no violet color is 
present at tiie point of contact of the two fluids. The 
second percolate is now evaporated to 15 Cc, making the 
rest of the 100 parts of the extract. (January 11.) 

Plytfmacetttische Gentralhalle, Jantsary, 

The Amount of Cinnamic Acid in the Official Cinna- 
mon Water. By Dr. Eugene Holdermann. — ^The purpose 
of this investigation is to determine the role of cinnamon 
water with increased amounts of cinnamic acid in the 
official Liquor Ferri Albuminati of the Ph.G. IV. In the 
preparation of this solution the precipitated and washed 
iron albuminate is dissolved in a minimum of free sodium 
hydrate, with care to avoid an excess of the latter, so as 
to prevent a disagreeable faste and to prevent the neu- 
tralization of the gastric juice. In preparing large quan- 
tities of the solution it is easier to limit the amount of 
lye used to the minimum, and in these cases the cinna- 
mon water, if it contains an excess of cinnamic acid, 
causes a precipitate of iron albuminate. In order to find 
out whether cinnamon water developed an additional 
amount of cinnamic acid, on standing by the oxidation 
of the aldehyde contained therein, the author tested acidi- 
metrically a Sample of freshly prepared cinnamon water 
and one of this preparation which had stood for a year, 
taking the precaution in preparing the new sample to 
use the same amount and the same lot of cinnamon bark 
thkt had been used in the preparation of the old one. He 
found that the old sample contained 0.1776 per cent, of 
cinnamic acid and the new sample contained only 0.088S 
per cent, of this acid. He found, therefore, that the dif- 
ference is one of serious consequence in the preparati(>n 
of large quantities of Liqtior Ferri Albuminati. (Janu- 
ary 9.) 

Isovalerianate of Copper. By Dr. Wm. Kinzel. — 
The amount of water of crystallization in this salt [Cu 
(C5Ho02)2] is variously stated by chemists. Schmidt 
gives no water of crystallization, while Beilstein gives 
one molecule. The oily appearance and the scant solu- 
bility of the salt in water made it scarcely probable that it 
contained much water of crystallization when ordinarily 



xos 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



formed. The compound was, therefore, prepared from 
pure copper oxide and pure isovalerianic add ; the salt 
formed was found to be very slightly soluble in water. 
It was very soluble in alcohol (50 per cent.^ and crystal- 
lized from this solution in beautiful, intensely green crys- 
talline needles, which formed spherical groups. In very 
dilute alcohol the salt is soluble, tinting the solution in- 
tensely green, the color being so strong that die addition 
of concentrated adds leaves a slightly colored solution. 
This intense color is interesting because it explains 
the beautiful reaction of copper acetate upon resinous 
adds in the resin canals of plants bdonging to the order 
of Coniferae, etc. Dried in the exsiccator between two 
pieces of filter paper, the salt formed dark green trans- 
parent needles unchanged on contact with air. Copper 
itovalerianate upon amlysis was found to contain no 
water of crystallization in the pure, ordinary form, but 
it is possible that a salt exists which contains a molecule 
of water. (January 16.) • 

Archftv Fiser PhanauAep December. 

The Relations of Canadine to Berberine. By J. 
Gadamer. — In 1875 Hale found a third alkaloid in the 
rhizome of hydrastis canadensis, in addition to berberine 
and hydrastine, but the existence of this substance was 
denied by other observers. E. Schmidt, in 189 1, isolated 
this new alkaloid and called it canadine. Its formula was 
said to be CmH,iN04 — ^i.e., it had 4 more atoms of 
hydrogra than berberine. Schmidt was also able by 
abstracting hydrogen to convert it into berberine. When 
this berberine was reduced again it was found that it 
became, not canadine, but its isomere, hydroberberine. 
The exact nature of the isomerism was, however, in 
doubt The author found that physical isomerism was 
the relation between these two alkaloids, for he was 
able by means of bromocamphosulphcnic acid to 
convert the optically inactive hydroberberine into dex- 
tro and laevo-berberine. He found further that laevo- 
canadine, melting at 135 degrees C. and polarizing at 

[X] ^ == — 298 degrees, was identical in every re- 
elect with " natural " canadine. He also shows that 
berberine is a strong quaternary base, with a formula 
of (VI,.NO«. 

On the Constituents of Kousso Flowers. By Dr. A. 
Lobeck. — ^The author analyzed the kussin of Merck's 
make, after crystallizing it repeatedly in hot alcohol until 
it melted constantly at 142 degrees C. He found that 
the properties and formula (CatHj^O^) given by Leich- 
senring were correct. His next care was to determine 
whether kussin is a principle or a compound, for Dac- 
como and Malagnini have asserted that it is a complex 
substance. By repeated re-crystallizations he succeeded 
in obtaining a body which mdted at 160 degrees C, in- 
stead of 14S degrees C, as originally. From the mother 
liquors he isolated a second substance which melted at 
121 degrees C. The former he called alpha-kussin, the 
latter ^ta-kussin, the latter occurring in the proportion 
of 4 per cent, in the commercial product. 

Alpha-kussin occurs in beautiful elongated lemon- 
yellow needles, which give the same reactions as kussin, 
except that alpha-kussin in absolute ether set free hydro- 
gen on addition of metallic sodium, and is physiologically 
inactive. He found it to contain two methoxyl ^oups, 
thus [C,iH,4(OCH,),Ob]. Beta-kussin crystalhzes in 
intense yellow prisms, gives the same reactions as alpha- 
kussin, and has the same composition as kussin (C,, 
H„0,)- 

The author next examined the prindples isolated 
from kousso flowers, protokussin and kusotoxin, in order 
to fiaid whether they are constantly present in the flowers. 
The materials for these investigations were obtained by 



a method similar to that devised for the extraction of the 
prindples in aspidium (the magnesia method), from a 
kousso extract furnished by Merck. Protokussin oc- 
curred in small, colorless, shining needles, easily soluble 
in ether, benzol, chloroform, acetone and hot alcohol, 
sparingly in cold alcohol, insoluble in water. Its formula 
is that given by Ldchsenring — ^i.e., Q^HsgO^. 

Kussidin, the second constituent, melts at 178 degrees 
and crystallizes in small square, almost colorless, plates, 
and is easily soluble in ether, chloroform, benzol and 
alkalies. It has a weak physiologic action resembling 
that of kussotoxin. Its formula is CsiH^^On. 

Kussotoxin is a ydlowish white, amorphous sub- 
stance, and its formula is C^tHnnO^of instead of C^gH^^Oi^, 
as Leichsenring has it. 

PhannaoetttlBche Pott^ December, 190U 

Sodium Thiosulphaie Considered from the Physical 
and Chemical Viewpoints. By Prof. F. R. Faktor.— 
The molecular weight of sodium thiosulphate Na^SsO, 
is, according to this author, 158 [i.e.j without consider- 
ing the weight of its water of cnrstallization]. The dec- 
trie conductivity of this salt is from 26 to 27 units, and 
the ionization takes place by degrees — ^that is, first into 
NaS,0, and Na, then into Na and S,0,. In order to 
convince himself that hydrolysis actually takes place the 
author conducted a series of experiments with the aid 
of the inversion of sugar. One Gm. of sodium thiosul- 
phate was dissolved in 100 Cc. of water and 20 Gm. of 
cane sugar were dissolved in the same volume of water. 
Twenty-five Cc. of each solution were pipetted off and 
the observation tube of the polarimeter was filled with 
mixture. The polarimeter showed the salt actually invert 
sugar. (December i.) 

Rubber. By Dr. M. Schneider. — ^Rubber is obtained 
by tapping certain tropical plants which contain milky 
liquid. These juices are precipitated by the addition of 
add fruit juices or solutions of other acids, or by evapora- 
tion of a thin layer of milky juice, which leaves thin sheets 
of rubber. The method used in Para, in Northern Brazil, 
is the most rational. The milky juice is converted into 
compact rubber by the so-called smoking process, which 
is carried out as follows : Under a chimney made of tin or 
clay a wood fire is built, into which nuts of certain va- 
rieties of palms, particularly atalea excelsa, maximiliana 
regia, and Euterpi edilus or the beans of the Para or 
Brazil nuts are thrown, whereby acetic acid and creosote 
are formed. When white fumes escape from the chimney 
the gatherer of rubber dips a wooden shovel, which is 
smeared with clay at its lower end, into the " milk " and 
holds it over the hot smoke until all the water has evapo- 
rated and the rubber remains as a thin skin. This pro- 
cedure is often repeated and a thick layer of rubber is 
finally separated with a knife. The rubber thus prepared 
is the best and contains only one or two per cent, of resin, 
losing only fifteen or seventeen per cent, in weight in the 
process of purification. The German Pharmacoporia re- 
quires that I part of rubber be soluble in 7 5-10 parts of 
petroleum benzine within a few hours. This method of 
testing, however, will not enable us to recognize the best 
variety of rubber. The ash of rubber shows slight traces 
of ferric-oxide, which is probably derived from the re- 
fining apparatus. The amount of sulphur is determined 
by melting with potassium nitrate and predpitating with 
barium-chloride. The following method is also easy of 
execution : Rubber is melted with sodium in a combustion 
tube until all the superfluous sodium evaporates. The 
residue is dissolved in water, filtered and tested with a 
solution of sodium nitrocyanide, i in 50, which g^ves a 
violet color if sulphur is present. (December 8.) 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



103 



Christmas and New Yearns Presents in Pharmacy: A 
Historical Study. By Herman Schlenz. — The custom of 
giving presents at the festival of the New Year existed 
among the old Romans. In Germany the custom of giv- 
ing New Year's presents became obsolete, and it is only 
in France that this custom is abused. Formerly it was 
a frequent custom to give presents to friendly physicians 
on their birthdays, as is seen from the records of the 
fifteenth century in Vienna. The relations between physi- 
cians and pharmacists were probably cordial enough in 
the Middle Ages, and it was usual for the pharmacists 
to supply the physician with remedies free of charge for 
his own use or for the use of his family. In 1224 Fred- 
erick II issued a decree which prohibited physicians from 
associating with pharmacists and enjoined the two pro- 
fessions each to keep its own station. A law, which was 
inspired by Thomas, of Sarepta, a celebrated priest physi- 
cian in 1350, prohibits the physiciaji from living witli a 
pharmacist and provides that the patient shall be free to 
purchase his medicines wherever he pleases. Similar 
provisions were passed later in Constants and Nurem- 
berg. An ordinance of the old city of Worms expressly 
provides that the druggist must supply medicines, paper 
and ink for prescriptions to physicians free of charge 
and that physicians shall be obliged to treat the pharma- 
cist and his family gratis. In the sixteenth century it 
was the custom to hold banquets at which a great deal 
of wine and beer were consumed whenever a committee 
of physicians were sent by the government to visit a phar- 
macy, in order to inspect the establishment. These fes- 
tivities became obsolete in 183 1. 

The ordinance which was enforced in Lucerne in the 
year 1592 concerns the official city physician and provides 
that he must seek to maintain friendly relations with the 
pharmacists and must not lend money -to physicians nor 
make gifts to them, except at New Year, and diat he must 
not give away to them more than four shillings' worth of 
meat and drink during the year. A court decree, dated 
December 29, 1771, prohibits the giving of New Year's 
or other gifts by pharmacists to physicians in Austria, and 
also any secret or prohibited tmderstanding concerning 
prescriptions written in a secret code, under the penalty 
of closing the drug store or revoking the license to prac- 
tice medicine. In 1798 Frederick William issued a decree 
against " the custom, old as it may be, but incompatible 
with the principles of a proper government, namely, that 
of pharmacists making so-called Christmas presents to 
the physicians of their locality, in the shape of sugar, 
coffee, spices, etc.," and imppses a fine of twenty thalers. 
The custom of giving gifts on various occasions was so 
prevalent in Germany in the eighteenth century that phar- 
macists were in many places obliged to make costly pres- 
ents to the various city officials in addition to the physi- 
cians. These presents gradually came to resemble bribes 
to such an extent that steps were taken to abolish the 
custom everywhere. Of late there have been no laws on 
the subject in Germany, and the pharmacist who enjoys 
the confidente of the physician and the public need not 
make any gifts to physicians as a matter of business 
policy. (December 15.) 

Pharmaoettttcal Joofnal^ Jantuur* 
Interaction between Magnesium Sulphate, Phenazone 
[antipyrine] and Sodium Salicylate, By J. P. Gilmour. 
— ^The author describes a series of experiments made to 
determine the cause of precipitation in the following 
mixture : 

9 Phenazoni 31 

Sodii sallcylatiB Sllj 

Potass, bromld. 31t 

Magnesll solphatis gL 

Olycerlnl jM 

AquiB ad. grUj 



When the bottle was returned to be refilled it con- 
tained a copious deposit of cluster, white prismatic crys- 
tals, accumulated on the bottom, and adhering firmly to 
the sides. As on theoretical grounds there was no reason 
to expect the formation of an insoluble compound in 
such a mixture it became necessary to get at the cause 
of the interaction by a process of elimination. Accord- 
ingly the following solutions were prepared and set 
aside for twenty-four hours at a temperature, as recorded 
by a maximum and minimum thermometer, ranging from 
60 degrees to 51 degrees: j 

(1) Sodii salicylas + phenasBone No I4>paient change \ 

(2) Potass, bromid. + phenaaone No apparent change 

(3) Potass, bromid. + phenazone Np apparait cbaage 

+ aodii salicylas. 

(4) Magnesli snlph. + phenazone. . . .No apparent change 

(5) Magnesii solph. + sodii No apparent change 

salicylas. 

(6) Magnesii sulph. + sodii salicylas. .Orystalline deposit 
+ potass, brom. + phenazone. 

(7) Magnesii snlph. + phenazone Crystalline depoati 

+ sodii salicylas. i 

Experiment No. 7 was repeated in various forms. 
With a concentrated solution there was an immedia^ 
formation of minute detached crystals, which multiplied 
so abundantly that the contents of the vessel soon became 
semi-solid. In solutions of the strengdi of the original 
prescription the reaction dSd not become visible for some 
hours, when tiny crystalline fod could be detected on the 
sides of the glass. 

The interaction is shown to be between the magnesium 
sulphate, phenazone and sodium salicylate, and the exist- 
ence of these substances in the crystalline deposit waf 
demonstrated by appropriate tests. (January 11.) 

The Native Remedy for Black Water Fever. By E. 
M. Holmes. — In a note published in the Pharmaceutical 
Journal for November 30, the author referred a plant 
used by the natives of the East Coast <d Africa as a 
remedy for black water fever to Cassia c^breviata, Oliv. 
(see American Druggist, December 23, p. 389)^ From 
an examination of a mature pod of the plant, which has 
since been handed to him by the discoverer. Dr. O'Sulli- 
van Beare, of Pemba, Mr. Holmes now decides that the 
plant is not identical with the Cassia abbreviata, Oliv. 
His description of the plant is convincing of this, and he 
has named it after £he discoverer, calling it Cassia 
bearedna. The appearance of the pods and seeds is shown 
by sectional drawings. The root of Cassia beareana is 
used by the natives for haematuria and black water fever, 
while the leaves are used as an application to ulcers and 
skin diseases. Dr. Beare is anxious that die remedy 
should receive a fair trial, and offers at his own expense 
to supply material for any medical man in East Africa 
who will try it in black-water fever and haematuria, and 
report the results to him. (January 18.) 

Note an Glacial Acetic Acid. By F. H. Alcock. — 
Attention is called to the fact that glacial acetic add 
suffers loss of strength by evaporation from loosely stop- 
pered bottles. (January 18.) 

Treatment of Wounds in Animals. By " Centaur.*' — 
The various kinds of wounds to which animals are sub- 
ject are described and appropriate treatment outlined 
(January 18.) 

The Preparation of Compressed Tablets. By an Ordi- 
nary Pharmacist. — ^This is a continued article designed 
to supply information to British pharmacists regarding 
the manufacture of the different dasses of compressed 
tablets.^ The author acknowledges his indebtedness to 
the writings of such American pharmadsts as Edd« 
CoUentz, McFerran and Remington. (January 18.) 



IC4 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD, 



Note on Ichthyol, By David Harley. — The origin of 
the word ichthyol from the Greek Icthus, a fish, is given, 
and the source of the substance from a mineral oil dis- 
tilled from a bituminous quartz containing fossil deposits 
— chiefly fish — shows the significance of the name. The 
mineral oil is treated with sulphuric acid and neutralized 
with ammonia — the product being ammonium sulpho- 
ichthyolate — ^a complex sulphur compound, the formula 
for which is said to be: (NH^)2C2gH,,S80«. The vari- 
ous forms in which ichthyol is used in medicine are noted 
and the pharmacy of the substance receives passing men- 
tion. (January 25.) 

American Journal of Pharmacy, January* 

The Pharmacological Assay of Drugs. By Arthur R. 
Cushny. — The author discusses first the general subject 
of assaying and gives the details as to the methods of 
pharmacological assay of digitalis. He says that the 
chemical assay of digitalis may be dismissed as imprac- 
ticable at present, and, in all probability, for many years 
to come. He looks upon the pharmacological assay as a 
useful substitute for chemical assay in the case of many 
remedies in which the latter is not applicable, as it per- 
mits of a standard being formed for these preparations 
which is sufficiently constant and exact for therapeutic 
purposes. The author regrets the exclusion of pharmaco- 
logical tests by the pharmacopoeial convention, for in ex- 
cluding these it has rejected what is in many cases the 
only method of assay and has also excluded antidiphther- 
itic serum, which is certainly the most important acquisi- 
tion to therapeutics for the last quarter of a century. 
[The author is in error in assuming that the interdiction 
of physiological assay will necessarily result in the ex- 
clusion of serums from the Pharmacopoeia, the phrase- 
ology of the instructions to the Committee of Revision 
being such as to leave the committee itself in doubt on the 
subject. In fact, a vote is now being taken in the com- 
mittee to ascertain whether or not the instructions are to 
be construed as permitting of the introduction of serums. 
The motion positively instructing the committee to intro- 
duce serums was lost in the convention principally be- 
cause it was mandatory. — ^Ed. Am. Drug.] 

State Pharmaceutical Associations, By Joseph L. 
Lemberger. — ^The author reviews the origin, history 
and influence of State Pharmaceutical Associations, giv- 
ing them credit for being very important factors in the 
development of pharmacy. 

The Adulteration of Drugs. By Lymaq F. Kebler. — 
The author cautions the reader against assuming that 
because so many reports are published showing adultera- 
tions in drugs the majority of the drugs in the mar- 
ket are adulterated. A careful examination of the reports 
will show that they are in fact as well as name reports 
of adulterations, and not to be considered as reports 
on the purity of drugs. The proportion of intentional 
adulterations actually met with does not exceed five per 
cent. The author describes at length a number of adul- 
terated articles and the means best adapted for detecting 
the adulterations. Many of these have already been re- 
ferred to by the author in articles contributed to the 
American Druggist. 

The Alkaloidal Contents of Cinchona Bark, By J. 
B. Nagaelvoort. — The author reviews the work of Van 
Ketel on this head and arrives at the conclusion that 
Van Ketel's method does not yield as favorable results 
as its orginator had hoped for. 

The Sugar-Coated Pill By William R. Warner, Jr. 
— It was not until 1856 that the scientifically prepared 
and inviting sugar-coated pill was manufactured and 
introduced in America bv William R. Warner, at that 



time a retail apothecary, located in Philadelphia, who 
had spent much time and thought upon the subject and 
finally gave to the world his conception and its results. 
Notwithstanding the fact that many variations upon this 
sugar-coating have been introduced, pills coated with 
sugar still remain very popular. Thomas S. Wiegand 
contributes a brief note upon the same topic, giving the 
method used to coat pills with sugar. 

Color Reactions of Certain Coal-Tar Derivatives. By 
Robert A. Hatcher. — The description given in a recent 
publication of the color reactions occurring between a 
mixture of formaldehyde and sulphuric acid and several 
coal-tar derivatives so closely agrees with the color pro- 
duced by the reaction between this reagent and morphine 
as to cause possible confusion. The author therefore 
has undertaken a comparison between the reactions of 
morphine and that of the coal-tar derivatives. The re- 
sults of this comparison show that while the test is a 
reliable one for morphine, it is well for the analyst to 
be familiar with the reactions of the coal-tar derivatives, 
as otherwise an error may be made, while if any of these 
derivatives are present it is desirable to remove them 
before applying the test. 

Filling Capsules with Essential Oils, By William G. 
Toplis. — The author recommends the addition of arrow- 
root or preferably of potato starch to the oil. To dispense 
half a drachm of terebene weigh out half a drachm of 
potato starch, place it upon the pill tile, add the terebene 
and mix with a spatula. Now add three or four drops 
of water and stir briskly. Again add a few drops of 
water, stirring as before, and repeat if necessary until 
the mass becomes solid, after which it can be divided 
into the necessary number of parts and put into capsules. 

Estimation of Berberine, By H. M. Gordin.— The 
author suggests several modifications of the two methods 
proposed by him at the St. Louis meeting of the Ameri- 
can Pharmaceutical Association for the estimation of 
berberine and published in the American Druggist for 
October 14, page 203. 

Ground Flax-seed Adulterated with Mineral Oil, By 
Lyman F. Kebler.— The author states that a little less 
than two years ago Eustace H. Gane called attention for 
the first time to the adulteration of flax-seed meal, which 
consisted in the removal of the natural fixed oil and the 
substitution of a mineral oil. This observation, which 
was recorded in the American Druggist, Volume 
XXXVI, page 4, was confirmed a few months since by a 
report published in a British journal. Mr. Kebler has 
experimented with ground flax-seed, expressing the oil 
and substituting a mineral oil, the result liing a flax-seed 
meal which would respond to the pharmacopoeial require- 
ment of 25 per cent, of fixed oil, though, of course, the 
oil was not saponifiable. Mr. Kebler has himself found 
one sample of ground flax-seed which contains an ab- 
normally high proportion of unsaponifiable oil having 
the characteristic fluorescence of the mineral oils. 



A New Reap^ent for Albumin in the Urine 

Polacci (Giornale di f armada di Trieste, 1901, p. 235), 

offers the following formula for a reagent for albumin in 

the urine : 

Tartaric acid i Gm. 

Corrosive sublimate 6 Gm. 

Sodium chloride 10 Gm. 

Dissolve in 100 Cc. of distilled water, add 5 Cc. of for- 
maldehyde. Two Cc. of the reagent are poured into a 
test tube, and on the surface of the liquid 3 or 4 Cc. of 
urine are carefully placed. When albumin is present a 
white ring will appear at the junction of the two fluids. 
The test is said to be very delicate. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



10$ 



Qvieries and Ans^vers 

We than be glad, in this department, to reapond to calla for information on all pharmaceutic matters. 



Incompatibility of Potassium Bromide and 
Paraldehyde. — A. L. asks us to comment/ on the sub- 
joined prescription and point out wherein the ingredients 
are incompatible, with each other : 

R Potass, bromidll 31 

Paraldehyde ; 31v 

Elixir simpliciB, q. s. ad Sly 

Sig.: 3ij to produce sleep. 

It is questionable whether the quantity of paralde- 
hyde prescribed in this mixture will entirely dissolve in 
the amount of simple elixir ordered, especially in com-' 
bination with the potassium bromide; but, apart from 
this, there is a chemical incompatibility between the 
paraldehyde and the potassium bromide. The tendency 
of paraldehyde to act as an oxidizing agent is well known. 
In contact with a solution of potassium bromide it would 
be very apt to convert the latter into a bromate salt, and 
the reaction would necessarily weaken the therapeutic 
values of both drugs, besides producing a combination 
different from that which the prescriber intended to ad- 
minister. It is, however, a combination which is not in- 
frequently prescribed, and unless a lengthy interval 
elapses between the time of compounding and the time 
of taking the medicine the incompatibility would not 
devlop sufficiently to affect very materially the proper- 
ties of the compound. 

Cream for Chapped Hands and Face.— F. & 

F. write : " We want a good formula for a preparation 
for chapped hands and face. We have many, but should 
be glad to see what you would suggest." 

Of the numerous preparations put up and sold as 
emollients for chapped surfaces we know of oone so gen- 
erally satisfactory as the ointment-like compound which 
is sold under the name of Cucumber Cream. Various 
formulas are extant for this preparation, but it is general- 
ly admitted that the product yielded by the following 
process, which is one given by Askinson in his work 
on " Perfumes and their Preparation," is of superior 
excellence : 

Oil of sweet almond 2 lbs. 

White wax 2% ozs. 

Spermaceti ; . .2^ ozs. 

Cucumber extract 5^ ozs. 

Cucumber Juice 2 lbs. 

The cucumber juice is warmed carefully to a heat of 
140 or 149 degrees F., rapidly filtered from the curd, and 
at once added to the rest of the mass, which has been 
previously melted. 

Cuatmber extract is made as follows : 

CUCUMBER EXTRACT. 

Cucumbers 1 lb. 

Alcohol 20 fl. ozs. 

The cucumbers are peeled, cut into thin slices and 
macerated in the warm alcohol. If the odor is not de- 
veloped sufficiently in the alcohol after a few days' mac- 
eration, it is poured over some fresh slices, the macerated 
residue is expressed, and at the end of the operation all 
the liquids are united and filtered. 

Cucumber juice is best made after the following 
process : 

CUCUMBER JUICE. 

Take aicumbers in the green state, wash them thor- 
oughly, then slice them with the skin on into small frag- 



ments, place in an earthen or porcelain dish, pour upon 
them hot water to cover, and let simmer for half an hour 
or more, being careful that the heat is not too high, or 
the water too low so as to scorch. Then strain through 
a colander or muslin, and to every pint of the juice add 
4 fluid ounces of alcohol. Let stand over night and filter. 
Salicylic acid, borax or formaldehyde may be employed 
instead of alcohol as a preservative. 

Lecithin. — R. J. — Lecithin exists as a natural con- 
stituent of nervous tissue and of yolk of egg. Being a 
compound of cholin with glycerophosphoric acid, on de- 
composition with acids or alkalies it yields glycerophos- 
phoric acid, fatty acids and cholin. Lecithin is said to- 
represent five per cent, of the yolk of the hen's tgg, its- 
phosphorus content varying between 3.7 and 4.1 per cent, 
in amount. Various methods have been proposed for the 
preparation of lecithin from yolk of tgg, but the prin- 
ciple in each is the same. The yolks are first extracted with 
ether by shaking until the ethereal solution takes up no 
more pigment. The ethereal extracts are united, the 
ether is distilled off, and the oil filtered off at the tem- 
perature of the body. The yellow, somewhat frothy, ma- 
terial which remains on the filter is dissolved in as little 
ether as possible and precipitated with acetone. The 
precipitate is collected on a filter and washed with acetone 
until the wash-acetone dissolves no more cholesterine. 
The residue is again dissolved in a small amount of ether 
or benzol. To this solution an excess of absolute alcohol 
is added, when, on standing, a white amorphous sub- 
stance separates out. After filtration the pure lecithin 
can then be obtained by distilling off the alcohol and 
ether. Lecithin is a yellowish whitCj waxy hygroscopic 
solid, soluble in ether and in alcohol ; it swells and forms 
ultimately a kind of emulsion with water or saline solu- 
tion. 

The pharmacy of lecithin has not been studied to any 
extent, at least not in this country. In France, where 
elegant pharmaceuticals enjoy the greatest vogue, vari- 
ous preparations of lecithin are put up for sale. It is 
generally prepared in pill, tablet, or capsule form, though 
a solution in oil for hypodermic administration is also on 
the market. 

It is somewhat interesting to note the vicissitudes 
of phosphorus preparations in medicine. Some fifty 
years ago the simple phosphate salts enjoyed consider- 
able popularity, being largely prescribed in conditions 
where the glycerophosphates are now supposed to be in- 
dicated or useful. After the phosphates came the h)rpo- 
phosphites, which came largely into use in various morbid 
conditions supposed to be dependent on malnutrition of 
the nervous system, and are still largely prescribed in 
medicine, though they have been supplanted to some ex- 
tent of late by the glycerophosphates, which were intro- 
duced into medicine by an eminent French physician. 
The indications to-day are that the glycerophosphates 
will in turn be supplanted by the lecithins, which, as we 
have indicated above, are also glycerin derivatives rich 
in phosphorus. 

Acid Alcohol. — A. M. asks us to state what is 
meant by the term " acid alcohol." 

The fluid wKich goes under this name is made by 
mixing ten volumes of a 25 per cent, solution of hydro- 
chloric acid in ninety volumes of 96 per cent, alcohol. It 
is also called Bunge's fluid. 



io6 AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD, 

Flesh Reducers.— T. P. A. K. asks for particu- REVIEWS OF BOOKS. 

lars regarding the system followed by jockeys f or „ _ „ 

reducing their weight while undergoing training. He Berlin: juHum springer, 1901. i2mo., pp. 238, wSh laitiStioM 

asks particularly in regard to the drugs which are em- ^ ^^ ^"'* 

ployed for this purpose. In Germany the " Drogist " constitutes quite a dis- 

We do not think that drugs play any part in the sys- tinct class from the pharmacist. He is restrained by 

tern pursued by jockeys and their trainers for the reduc- rather strict laws from selling a large number of drugs 

tion of weight: excessive sweating by means of steam and chemicals that may be sold by pharmacists. He is 

baths, exercise and appropriate diet are the agents com- not permitted to compound prescriptions. His business 

monly employed. The bromides and iodides have been is not regarded as a profession, and he is classed as a busi- 

recommended for reducing flesh, but we doubt whether ness man of higher intellectual attainments than the 

their use would be advisable in the case of jockeys, average storekeeper. He deals, in all household articles, 

though there would be less objection to their use with such as soaps, paints, varnishes, oils, crude drugs for 

these men than with men under real training, where the domestic use and for the laundry and factory, perfimiery, 

object is not so much to reduce weight as to fit the sub- toilet articles, etc 

ject for some unusual physical strain. The use of blad- The growth of this branch of business has been re- 

derwrack as an obesity cure had a great vogue some markable in Germany and there is now scarcely a town of 

years ago, its use being suggested probably by the fact any magnitude that does not boast of a " Drogerie," in 

that it is known to contain appreciable amounts of iodine addition to its pharmacies. Naturally, there is a good 

and bromine. A typical formula for an anti-fat prepa- deal of rivalry between the pharmacist and his competitor 

ration containing bladderwrack (Fucus vesiciilosis) is the drogist. The pharmacists of some towns are in 

the following: favor of abandoning the strict and conservative profes- 

Eztract of fucus vesiculosis 2% lbs. sionalism that has so long characterized the German 

I>j8t**i«l water 7% lbs. apothecary, and of entering into things with more eye 

-^^^^^^ 20 OSS. ^ profit and to commercial success. However, the great 

The extract is dissolved in the water by heat, and the majority of German pharmacists are opposed to any such 

alcohol added to the fluid when cold. Dose: One table- new policies. The result is that the drogisten are reap- 

spoonf ul, thrice daily. ing a rich harvest almost everywhere ; that it is easier to 

The remedy is sometimes prescribed in pill form, get young men with good education and fair business 

either alone or combined with other ingredients, as in training to enter the ranks of the drogisten than to em- 

the following: bark on the rough sea of pharmacy, and that even the 

„ , ,^ I- ^^ ^ business of the drogist is becoming overcrowded. 

LXmrca5S^^S.::::::::::::::::::::::::::^GS: , f "/^^r"!' T^*^ ^?'' the/y^T^tic instruction 

Extract of bladderwrack 20 Gm. ®^ "^^ drogist m the theoretical side of his calling. The 

Powdered guaiacum . * 40 Gm. reason is simply this, that the drogist is a comparatively 

Powdered senega 40 Gm. new figure in the German commercial world. He is in 

Dfv^tatolmB^^^etSi^O.isQm. '* *e course of development and has not reached his full 

jj growth as yet. The young men who enter the store of 
Extract of bladderwrack. . . '. gr. iv. * drogist become, first of all, apprentices, and later ad- 
Powdered niarBbiiiaUow q.8. vance to the dignity of assistants. There are unofficial 

Fiat pilula. Dose : One or more pills with meals, examinations for apprentices wishing to qualify as assist- 
thrice daily *"*' conducted by the associations of drogists in various 

The Action of Alkalies on Aloin.- J. A. W. ^^^ Germany and Austria. ^ . , ^ 

writes: "Kindly pnbUsh in your inquiry column next ,V^J, P'"*^*"* ^o'"*"* e»ves in a bnef and very sys- 

issue what action alkalies like sodium bicarbonate have Tf^JT'T • "'?"*'.^l ^j *^ theoretical side of 

upon aloin, and what would be the medicinal action of L k^- f ''"*"^i^- ^* ^eludes elementary treatises 
^uch a combination? " chemistry and botany, and chapters on the vanous 

It is believed by some-Professor Caspari among J^^f of goods carried in stock in such establishments, 

others-that aloin when it passes through titie stomach J°i!"^rl^?f*?°" and arrangement it corresponds 

is converted into emodin by the alkaline intestinal fiuid, 1?,^!. l^f f u k "^^^ °* pharmaceutical practice, 

and that the emodin so foiiied is the real laxative prin- '"? *^ !j^* ?l^''^^°!f ' ^"^ «f ^pl«« but it is. of course, 

ciple of the drug. It is reasonable to assume that the 2?* ^u^f^^^J""^ does not go so much into details, 

addition of sodii^ bicarbonate, or a similar alkali, would ?^„rT f I., * i ! ki ''°^°"' ^^^^V"^^' «t*^' *^« 

tend to increase the laxative action of aloin, especially Ho^5!li°:l^%^°"" f table, givmg origin, composi- 

in the case of the average aloin of the market, wWdi is ^^^VCT^,^' in • iu^*'"' ^"'^/'^isame tabular arrange- 

jiiSrmK p^°^"^^ ^"^ °^«^ ~"^^*^ -'* s^dii^iJsrw'ith z ifw: al^sSe ^™s.4 s 

resinous mauer. n ^xt t^ ^xt a another concerns itself with the methods of testing the 

Waterproof Drawing Ink.- G. W. P.— We do different classes of goods for their purity and oth«- re- 

not know the composition of Higgins "waterproof draw- quired qualities '^ -^ 

ing ink. A very black and indelible drawing ink may The book is intended as a manual for the beginner 

be made by dissolving shellac m a hot water solution of and is naturally very elementary in style. The subject 

borax and rubbing up m this solution a fine quality of is, however, handled in an attractive manner, and there 

India ink. is no doubt that it will serve its purpose well. It will 

be the means of introducing the young drogist to the 

Rheumatin is the neutral salicylate of saloquinine. studies that underlie the practice of his art. 

(See American Druggist for December 9, p. 352). It 

is tasteless, sparingly soluble in water, and combines the ^^ 

effects of the acid and of quinine. It is recommended PAMPHLETS* ETC, RECEIVED. 

in rheumatic pains, and has proved valuable in the most uorS^^SS^Slon St'ow^Potat fff ^^ v^'o^tow isTiS" 

severe cases of articular rheumatism, complicated by 1901. a. B. Merrlam. secretary. 19 Wabash' arenne. ^tt^! 

heart failure. Ill, 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND 

BUSINESS BUILDING. 

Cooddctod by U« G« ISaimliig* 

771/ Departf9tent Editor unll be pleased to criticise advertisements ^ 
suggest improvementSy and answer all questions coming 
within the scope of this department. 



PHARMACEQTICAL RECORD. 



107 



HIS DREAM CAME TRU& 

SOMETHING over a year ago a suggestion was made 
in this department that at least one man acted upon. 

It was to go after the individual ; to pick out lists of 
people trading with competitors and go after them per- 
sistently through the mail. * 

One man has been doing this on an extensive scale for 
the past thirteen months, and the other day he made a 
report 

He has spent for a series of booklets, circular letters 
and one or two little gifts made to the people on his list, 
about $260.00. The results, as far as he can trace them, 
are about $2,500,000. He apparently got more than he 
deserved from his outlay, due probably to specially suit- 
able conditions in his locality. But the fact remains that 
he would not have done this but for the suggestion given 
him ; the moral is obvious. 

This idea of going right after the man wanted is be- 
ing widely developed in many directions, and it is easy 
to see that it is a scientific method. Any campaign of 
that sort should be carried on in connection with general 
advertising, for those already your customers must not 
be neglected. 

CRITICISM AND COMMENT. 

AN ABORTIVE EFFORT. 

I recently saw a window display that missed being as 
effective as it should because the central idea was badly, 
expressed. 

A pair of old shoes were tucked against a hot water 
bottle, accompanied by a sign to the effect that there 
would be no cold feet these winter nights if hot water 
bottles were used. As most people are not in the habit of 
going to bed with their boots on, the result was a trifle 
confusing. The basis for a good display was here, but 
badly worked out. 

The thing to do is to portray the thought dearly. 
This might have been made effective by borrowing a 
large doll and doll's bed and presenting a genuine sleep- 
ing scene. Or a tailor's dummy could have been em- 
ployed. 

INSURING AGAINST RESULTS. 

Open many a country newspaper, particularly in the 
East, more particularly in Pennsylvania, and you will 
find druggists advertising in some such manner as this ; 

Smltli** Drns Store, %% B. IHarlLet St. 

Finest llnefi of medicines. 
PrescrlptlonB carefully componnded. 

Such an ad not only does no good, but may even do 
harm. In these days, when advertising is becoming more 
and more a test of merchants' fitness to survive, an 
archaic ad of the above sort reads " fossil " as plainly as 
though it bore the words. 

Such cards ordinarily occupy from one and one-half 
to two inches space, which, while not large enough for 



the most effective advertising, is large enough to do 
good if properly used. How much better, for instance, 
to employ such a space for short talks changed daily, or 
even weekly; something like the following, which is one 
of a series of three hundred used by one druggist : 

Prescription Talk No. 6* 

Experience counto In the filling of prescriptions. 
We find we have compounded, upon an average, five 
thousand annually since we started in business. 
This we believe to be at leajst half of those written 
in this city in this period. Our experience adds to 
your security, but not to your exi>ense. 

SAUNDER'S PHARMACY. 
S S S 

Lewis R. Whitacre, Merchantville, N. J., sends the 
quinine pill ad which is reproduced. This is an extremely 



IT FITS 
THE POCKET 



I UDGING from the demand, 
^ those bottles of 50 two 
grain Quinine Pills at i8c are 
filling a long felt want. These 
are not the kind of pills usually 
put up in bottles to sell at a 
"cut price," which too often 
means " cut quality " ; they 
are the best pill we can buy 
regardless of price. Their 
makers' name stands for all 
that is best in their line. 

We have these pills in plain, 
sugar-coated and gelatine- 
coated forms. 

Instead of paying loc for a 
dozen, try a bottle of these. 

A neat screw-cap bottle, " It 
fits the pocket. " 




good ad, one that should sell the goods. The only fea- 
ture to argue about is the heading, which to me sug- 
gested a pocket flask — ^perhaps this is a reflection an me, 
rather than on the ad. It also suggested Kodaks ; I think 
the Kodak people once used this same line in reference 
to pocket cameras. At any rate, it is best to have the 
heading epitomize the ad when possible, so that those 
who give the ad a glance only will catdi its import None 
but those who have need of them are going to buy quinine 
pills, so the heading vrould have be^ better had it em- 
bodied Quinine. This ad is probably but one of a series, 
m which case there is no objection to putting the "fit 
the pocket '' idea forward in one of the ads. 



HE NO DOUBT LANDED THEM. 

E. C. Barker, Canisteo, N. Y., sends copy of his local 
newspaper, issued before Christmas, in which he is by 



Jo8 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



far the largest and best advertiser. He has one full page, 
a separate space of about 24 inches, besides gets liberal 
editorial mention. It is certain that no one got away 
from this advertising. 

The ads are well written and arranged, the display 
being so planned as to give prominence to all the various 
lines of goods. The whole effort shows skill and judg- 
ment. The man who has the stock to justify it, and who 
dares do this sort of a thing is the one who makes certain 
of satisfactory results. 

EXCELLENT DISPLAY. 

The sponge ad of the French Drug Company, Ta- 
coma, Wash., is a good example of simple but effective 



Sponge»> 



Lux\iry—« 



Yon might ask—" who ever 
heard of sponge Inxnry ? " 
We answer — only those who 
have used one of onr large 
bath sponges. A large va- 
riety of the beet Sponges for 
toilet and.bath nses. From 

Bo To SI. 78 



FRENCH DRUG 

Pf\ Z3^o PacHk Ave. 
^"^ Tel. Main 69. 

SEE WINDOW 



display. This small ad would be conspicuous on the 
page of almost any paper. 

Vhat They Say. 

Tibbett's Little Liver Pills are made for sluggish 
livers. They bring about normal, healthy action of the 
liver and stomach, and remove constipation. Small dose, 
small price, 15 cents. Tibbett's Pharmacy, Chelsea, 
Mass. 



A chance to figure with you when in need of anything 
in the line of drugs, paints and oils is all that we ask. 
We guarantee our prices to be the lowest for the best 
goods on the market. Jno. H. Witte, Burlington, Iowa. 

Compounding physicians' prescriptions is the greater 
part of our business. Bring us your prescriptions and 
have them prepared by experienced pharmacists only. 
Ask your neighbors about our service, they trade with 
us. A. T. Hodnett, York, Pa. 

Real tooth brush luxury cannot be had unless you 
have a good tooth brush, one which cleans every little 
nook and crevice and does not shed its bristles. The 
Caughell brush is just such a brush. It is 25c. White 
Drug Store, Aylmer, Ont. 

Cunningham's Headache Powders cure headaches. 
That is the only thing they do, but they do it well. They 
are pleasant to take and leave no bad after effects. Cun- 
ningham's, Detroit, Mich. 



• Sick Room Goods. — Let the sunshine in. Make the 
sufferer more comfortable. Real necessities are here 
waiting for a chance to brighten some sick room. Bal- 
lagh's, Nevada, Mo. 



Prescription precision is a certainty here. No matter 
how simple the prescription may be, it is filled by an ex- 
perienced pharmacist. That means accuracy. Only the 
purest drugs are used in compounding prescriptions here. 
That means quality. Andrew R. Cunningham, Detroit^ 
Mich. 



Good Aidvertisins:« 

It is not often that a retail drug store furnishes the topic 
for a leading editorial article in a metropolitan daily. This 
good fortune, however, has happened to J. Milhau*8 Son, in 
front of whose store at 183 Broadway appears a very promi- 
nent sign reading: 

WE GIVE YOU JUST WHAT YOU ASK FOR. 

The homily which the editor of the New York Journal 
preaches on this text runs as follows: 

We are glad to seize upon this occasion to pay a 
tribute to this motto, and, incidentally, to point out a 
dishonest and very common practice among merchants 
—that of substituting one article for another. 

One business man devotes all his energy, his 
money and his time to building up the reputation of a 
certain article. He enables the retailer to make a 
large profit, and he spends his money that customers 
may be plentiful. 

When a customer asks for the article in question it 
is dishonest to say to him, as many do: 

"Don't buy that We have something else Just as 
good and much cheaper." 

If the merchant has something good and cheap of 
his own, let him sell it to his customers by all means. 
But let him not steal the trade of a man whose energy 
helps to build up his business. Let him not divert to 
his own pocket all of the profit which he ought to in 
honesty share with another. 

There are wares that are made enormously profit- 
able to the retailer simply because men push their busi- 
ness with intelligence and perseverance. It is ungrate- 
ful as well as dishonest for the sake of a little extra 
profit to cut into the legitimate business of the advertis- 
ing manufacturer. 

Incidentally the public, as well as the storekeeper 
and the manufacturer, are interested in this question 
of substituting one article for another. 

That which is represented as "Just as good" is 
usually NOT Just as good, but very far from It 

If a man has spent a million dollars building up the 
reputation of a certain article, it is to his advantage to 
keep up the quality of the material which enters into 
the manufacture of that article. His profit is large if 
he is honestly treated, and it would be suicide for him 
to use inferior material for the sake of a little extra 
money. 

The man who makes up an Imitation article and an- 
nounces it as " Just as good " has no such sum at stake. 
He has Invested nothing. He has no valuable name to 
ruin, and it is to his interest to make the "Just as good " 
article JUST AS CHEAP as he can make it 

The buyer should remember these facts and put his 
confidence in that retailer who, Uke the man quoted at 
the head of this article, gives to the customer JUST 
WHAT HE ASKS FOR, treats the wholesaler honestly, 
and shows gratitude for the energy which builds up a 
successful business and makes the retailer prosperous. 



About Hot Chocolate. 

There may be so much said for this delicious drink that I could not 
find space enough in this little paper to say It all. The kind I refer to 
Is the rich, creamy, always hot. bat not scalding drink, with % topping 
of whlppnd cream. There's nothing better on a cold day than a cap or 
onr hot chocolate. 

It's different from others because of the material, and then oor ap- 
paratus costs many times as much as other druggists care to spend for 
a hot soda fountain. It requires just such a machine as you'll find in 
my pharmacies to make good hot chocolate. Pouring hot water on 
chocolate and adding milk doesn't make hot chocolate as it ought to beu 
If you had the other kind, try lioeser's ; that means you'll come agalik. 
That's what I am aiming at. 

A GOOD STORT WEI«L TOLD. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



109 



THE RICE MEMORIAL FUND« 



The ^American Dtu^^ist^ Subscription List Swelled 

by Numerous G>ntributions. 

V 

The project of honoring in a substantial and befitting man- 
ner the memory of the late Dr. Charles Rice is now in fair 
prospect of realization. The fund started by the Amebican 
Dbuggibt in the issue for February 10 has been swelled by the 
receipt of numerous donations of both large and small 
amounts, and included among the acknowledgments printed 
below are the names of a few friends and admirers of the de- 
•ceased who have asked to be put down for the sums opposite 
their names. In forwarding their donations to the fund sev- 
«ral contributors have expressed their feelings of pleasure at 
being privileged to participate in the movement for the erec- 
tion of a monument to the deceased. In addition to the plac- 
ing of a suitable memorial shaft over the place where there 
rest the remains of the late beloved chairman of the Commit- 
tee on Revision of the United States Pharmacopoeia, it is the 
purpose of the Board of Trustees of the United States Phar- 
macopoeial Convention to prepare a volume containing a por- 
trait with a sketch of the life and labors of Dr. Rice, and cop- 
ies of this memorial volume will, we suppose, be presented to 
«nbscribers to the fund. 

In our last issue we emphasized the desirability of receiv- 
ing numerous small contributions from the rank and file of the 
profession, and with a view of reiterating and further em- 
phasizing this, we print the following extracts from a letter 
inclosing a small contribution. The writer says: "I am one 
•of a multitude who cannot afford to do a hundredth part of 
what we would like to do for this most worthy object I be- 
lieve you would make thousands of poor men like myself 
feel more comfortable if it were understood that a dollar or 
two was as much as is expected, inasmuch as this amount 
from each one desirous of contributing would be sufficient. I 
believe there are many who will do nothing rather then suffer 
t>y comparison with their more fortunate brothers. At the same 
time a dollar subscription plan would not Interfere with large 
-checks to the committee.** 

In sending his personal check for $25 M. J. Breitenbach 
-writes: " I do not know of any contribution which I have ever 
made toward a fund of a like nature which afforded me as 
-much pleasure in giving, and I might say a privilege as this 
•one. During the years of my connection with the drug busi- 
ness I have known of no one who was more deserving of a 
^memorial of this kind than Dr. Charles Rice." 

In forwarding his contribution to the fund, Theo. D. Wet- 
^erstroem, of Cincinnati, says: " Now is the time for the Cin- 
-cinnati druggists to show their appreciation of Dr. Rice's ef- 
forts in their behalf a few years ago." 

George J. Seabury writes: ** The movement meets with my 
profound approval. The memory of this unique personality 
<Dr. Charles Rice) who labored so long and so arduously for 
pharmacy should be honored in some special manner. I will 
give $100." 

The Ambbigah Dbuooibt acknowledges, in the order of their 
jreceipt, contributions from the following: 

Prof. J. Up! Lloyd ^?5-5$ 

Dp. V. C. Price 25.00 

A. R. Blllott 26.00 

D. J. Oeppltty 6.00 

R. A. Lee 60 

-Q. W. Seellff 1.00 

Dp. B. a. Cannon 1-00 

D. SlebpandtB 1.00 

H. A. Lakin. 60 

J. Jones 60 

Apthup J. Reeder 1.00 

W. J. Qnencep 1.00 

Eustace H. Gane 2.00 

J. M. Tobin 1.00 

Wallace Ppoctep, Philadelphia 1.00 

W. N. Stem, Philadelphia 1.00 

T. 8. Wlegand, Philadelphia 1.00 

Dp. W. J. Koblnson 5.00 

Sewapd W. Williams 2.00 

Falpchlld Epos, ft Foster 50.00 

M. J. Bpeltenbach 25.00 

Lehn ft Pink 10.00 

B. V. Zoeller, Tarboro, N. C 5.00 

W. Hall Wickham 5.00 

Dp. Oustavas Balser 25.00 

" Cash •• 25.00 

A. B. Saype 10.00 

Geopge J. Seabupy 26.00 

T. D. McRlhenle 1.00 

Theo. D. Wettepstpoem, Cincinnati 1.00 

-The AMBBICAN Dbuoqist 26.00 

Total $806.50 



ANNUAL MEETING OF MANUFACTURING 

PERFUMERS- 



Trade Evils i>lscui8ed— Fake Imported Goods— A Growing Evil 
Among Essential Oil Dealers — Reoommendatiofis of tlie Freii- 
dent— Resolutions Adopted— The Growth of the Association — 
The Qtfcstlon of Prepaying Freights— Repeal of the Tax on 
Alcohol* 



The annual meeting of the Manufacturing Perfumers* Asso- 
ciation was held in the rooms of the Down-Town Club, New 
York, on Thursday and Friday, February 13-14, and was at- 
tended by representatives of leading perfume firms from all 
sections of the United States. President James E. Davis, of 
Detroit, presided over the sessions of both days. Many sub- 
jects of vital Interest and importance to the trade were dls- 
cu&fsed and acted upon, among them being reciprocity, the tax 
on alcohol, discounts, misrepresentation of domestic perfumes 
by selling them under fictitious foreign names, etc. The first 
day was taken up mostly with the president's annual address 
and reports of various standing committees, the greater part 
of the discussions and business of the meeting taking place 
on Friday. 

BECOMMESDATIONS OF PBBSIDENT DAVIS. 

In his annual address. President Davis urged that efTorts 
be made to bring about a more stable method in the matter 
of the prepayment of freights and the terms of credit given. 
There is more and more demoralization each year 1b these 
particulars, he said. He also referred to the Increasing prac- 
tice of selling goods and dating ahead. " Some manufac- 
turers," said he, " think that if they can date their Invoices a 
little further ahead than their competitor, they are bound to 
gain ground. I think this Is a mistake. A more harmonious 
method will materially benefit the manufacturing industry of 
this country as a whole." Mr. Davis then gave a list of other 

TBADB EVILS 

that he thought should be remedied, among them being: The 
consignment of goods, putting up of American perfumes un- 
der fictitious foreign names, giving the Impression of being 
Imported, thus Increasing the demand for foreign goods; free 
ofTers or premiums; the tendency to Increase discounts beyond 
reasonable limits; giving bonus of advertisements In publica- 
tions; exchange of goods that do not sell with the retailer; an 
extra discount for cash varying from 8 to 6 per cent; claims 
for shortage; supplying formulas for making perfumes to 
those who are not legitimate manufacturers. 

AN OBJXCTIONABLE PBACTICB. 

On this last point, Mr. Davis said that a growing evil is a 
custom existing among essential oil dealers to secure orders 
by ofTerlng to supply formulas and small quantities of essen- 
tial oils to those who were not bona fide manufacturers, from 
whom they think they can secure a little business by so do- 
ing. Particular attention was also called to the fact that cer- 
tain foreign manufacturing perfumers have started branch 
houses in this country and are manufacturing, or, at least, 
bottling and packing their goods in this country so as to avoid 
paying duty, and are selling them as if made and put up in 
France. 

BB80LUTIOK8. 

Gilbert Colgate, chairman, presented the report of the Com- 
mittee* on Resolutions, which was acted upon section by sec- 
tion. In accordance with the president's suggestion, the com- 
mittee favored legislation requiring foreign agents who put up 
perfumes in this country to use labels indicating that the 
goods have been bottled in the United States. 

The recommendation of President Davis, that some action 
be taken to stop the practice followed by certain essential oil 
houses by giving formulas to retail druggists and others, 
thereby encouraging them to make their own perfumes, pre- 
cipitated a lengthy debate as to the best and most practical 
means of wiping out the evil. This practice, it was declared, 
had resulted in " fake " mixtures and imitations being placed 
upon the market, deceiving purchasers and Ixyuring the repu- 
tation of goods that are imitated. 

The following resolutions were adopted: 

" Resolved, That it is the sense of this meeting that the 
members of this association shall pledge themselves in writ- 
ing to the proper officers of this association, that upon notice 
from the secretary that a manufacturer or dealer in first ma- 
terials is selling or proposes to give formulas as an Induce- 
ment to engage in the manufacture of -perfumery, they will 



no 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



thereupon ceaee to purchase from such houses and continue 
such course until satisfactory assurances to the Bzecutiye 
Board are given that these practices are discontinued; and be 
it further 

" Resolved, That the matter be referred to the Bzecutive 
Board for definite action with full power to carry out the 
sense expressed in this resolution." 

Treasurer Harry S. Woodworth reported that the total re- 
ceipts for the year. Including dues, interest and balance from 
the previous year, amounted to 11,216.85; disbursements, 
$1,170.13, leaving a balance on hand of 945.22. 

ACQUISITIONS TO MEMBEBSHIP. 

W. B. Bobeson, chairman of the Membership Oommittee, 
reported that the association's membership had been increased 
during the year by 28 active and 31 associate members, mak- 
ing a total membership of 51 active and 45 associate. The 
new active members are: 

A. P. Babcock, D. R. Bradley & Son, Bruen, Ritchie & Go., 
Galifomia Perfume Company, A. B. Galisher & Co., Solon 
Palmer, Lehn & Fink, Herman Tappan, Richard D. Young 
Perfumery Company, Blsinore Perfume Company, R. H. Macy 
& Co., Herbene Pharmacal Company, of New York; Allen B. 
Wrisley Company, Junius J. Smith and John Blockl & Son, 
of Chicago; Elysian Mfg. Company, Frederick Steams & Co., 
of Detroit; A. J. EUIbert & Con., Milwaukee; Freeman Per- 
fume Company, Cincinnati; The George Lorenz Company, 
Toledo; I. F. Nace*s Sons, Vail Bros., Philadelphia; Mellier 
Drug Company, St Louis; Paul Rieger & Co., San Francisco; 
Abner Royce, Cleveland; The Stevens & Stevens Company, 
Urbana, O.; Virot & Co., Warren, Pa.; Youthful Tint Com- 
pany, Rochester, N. Y. 

A BURBAU OF TBADB NA1CE8 AND TRADB-MABKS. 

O. P. Meyer, of St Louis, chairman of the Committee on 
Trade Interests and Fraternal Relations, reported that a 
bureau has been established to keep records of trade names 
jEuid trade-marks so as to avoid similarity of marks and their 
indiscriminate use. He mentioned many Instances where 
various firms had claimed the same trade-mark. The com- 
mittee has issued a pamphlet or list of copyrighted, registered 
and trade-marked names of perfumers of the United States. 
The committee recommended a scale of discounts and gave 
statistics as to the length of credit given by various firms, the 
time ranging from 10 to 60 days. 

Theodore Ricksecker, chairman of the Bzecutive Board, 
submitted the report of that committee, which among other 
things referred to work done in v^ous branches of the asso- 
ciation. 

AOITATIRO FOB A BBDUCTION OF THB TAX ON ALCOHOL. 

The report of the Committee on Legislation contained 
much information important and valuable to the members. 
It was submitted by Henry Dalley, chairman, and was in 
imrt as follows:— 

"A question of great importance to manufacturing per- 
fumers—the reduction of the tax on distilled spirits— will prob- 
ably be brought up at the present session of Congress. I find 
that as the result of persistent agitation regarding the heavy 
taxation to which alcohol used in the arts is subjected, which 
has been carried on by agencies with whose work you are all 
doubtiess familiar, there is a strong sentiment in Congress in 
favor of reducing the tax on distilled spirits from |1.10 to 
90 cents per proof gallon. As to the drawback of tax upon 
exportation, efforts have been made during the past eight or 
ten years to secure an amendment of the laws relating to 
domestic distilled spirits so as to allow the payment of a 
drawback of the Internal revenue tax paid on such spirits 
when exported as a constituent of manufactured articles. As 
a result of a memorial from leading manufacturers using 
alcohol to the Senate Committee on Finance and the Ways 
and Means Committee of the House, I am Informed that these 
committees favor such an amendment, and if the work is con- 
tinued, It will become a law at this session.*' 

He referred to the new Treasury ruling as to the assess- 
ment of duties on the weight of botties or other containers in 
addition to that assessed on perfumery as such. It is an ad- 
vantage to the domestic trade, said he, for It increases the 
equivalent ad valorem duty, making it that much more diffi- 
cult for foreign manufacturers to bring in their goods; he 
thought it impolitic however, to so largely increase the duty 
as to prohibit importations, and thereby create inducements 
to foreign manufacturers to establish factories in this 
country. 

As chairman of the Committee 

ON ITNDBBYALnATIONS OF DCPOBTBD GOODS, 

Richard A. Hndnnt said that perfume manufacturers were 
more concerned with possible undervaluations of perfume 



manufactured abroad than they were in undervaluation of 
raw materials by dealers in perfumers* supplies, sn^ as eth 
sential oils, pomades, etc. The true values of these, he said, 
were quite well known and, therefore, easily detected by the 
customs authorities. Relative to importations of manufac- 
tured perfumes, "the invoicing below the actual foreign 
value," said he, " might well result in placing these goods on 
our markets at prices below the normal, which means the 
breaking through of the tariff wall erected for our protection, 
and the creation of a competition both unfair and injurious.** 
Importations had increased 16 per cent, during the past fiscal 
year as compared with the previous year. He spoke of the 
difficulty of securing information on alleged undervaluations^ 
and requested the members to co-operate with the committee 
In every possible way. 
The subject of 

PREPAYING FBBIOPT 

provoked much discussion. Some members wanted to wipe 
out the practice altogether; others favored fixing a certain 
limit, and still others thought that no practical solution could 
be found to the problem without seriously affecting various 
trade interests. Messrs. Hudnut, Dalley, Ricksecker and 
others took part in the discussion. Mr. Hudnut moved that 
no freights be prepaid in any market of the United States; 
that goods be sold f. o. b. at place of shipment Mr. Dalley 
moved to refer the matter to the Committee on Trade Re- 
lations. His motion was finally carried. 

On motion of H. S. Woodworth the selling of domestic 
goods under foreign names was discountenance The ques- 
tion of dating invoices ahead was discussed, but no formal 
action taken. 

Adolph Splehler, of Adolph Spiehler & Son, Rochester, 
chairman of the Committee on Nominations, reported the fol- 
lowing officers for the ensuing year, who were unanimously 
elected: 

President, James B. Davis, of Detroit; first vice-president, 
Gilbert Colgate, of New York; second vice-president, Jos^ih 
Cave, of Philadelphia; secretary, Henry Dalley, of New York; 
treasurer, H. S. Woodworth, of Rochester. Bxecutive Board, 
term ezphing 1006, Richard A. Hudnut, Sturgis Cofflfn, Alfired 
G. Wright; 1904, Frederick K. Steams, Theo. Ricksecker; 
1905, Bddy Palmer, George A. Lorens. 

An enjoyable banquet and vaudeville entertainment at the 
Waldorf-Astoria on Friday evening, which was attended by 
between sixty and seven^ members and guests, conduded 
what was generally ^needed to have been the most tmcccoi 
ful meeting, from a business and social standpoint, in tlie 
history of the association. 



SUIT AGAINST DRUGGIST DISKDSSED. 

Employers Not liable for Acts of Their Clerks* 

Clarence P. Fish, a bricklayer who had injured one of his 
fingers while playing ball, went into the drug store of Howard 
Menu, at 911 Bast 105th street. New York, and submitted his 
finger to the druggist's clerk for treatment Fish claimed 
that the clerk advised him to use a carbolic solution and gave 
him a bottie of the pure acid without Instructions to dUute the 
same, and believing thai he had received a solution, he poured 
the undiluted acid upon bandages and gangrene set In and the 
finger was consequentiy amputated in St Luke's HospltaL 
Fish brought an action for |15,000 damages against Menn, 
charging him with negligence for the Improper treatment and 
advice given to him by his clerk. The action was brought to 
trial in the Supreme Court before Justice Charles F. MacLean 
and a Jury. 

Counsellor Joseph Steiner, of 309 Broadway, attorney for 
the druggist, contended that the evidence showed that the 
clerk had no authority to practice medicine and surgery, and 
he, not being a duly registered physician, his employer could 
not be held responsible for his alleged misconduct or neg- 
ligence, and that Fish's damages, if he had any, was against 
the clerk individually and not against his principal. It also 
appeared that Fish knew the dangerous, poisonous and cor- 
rosive character of the drug and was chargeable with con- 
tributory negligence. Judge MacLean took the same view and 
dismissed the case. 

This is a very important decision for all druggistB, but 
nevertheless great care should be exercised in the handling of 
carbolic acid, and where, under their humanitarian Impulses, 
druggists and their clerks wish to relieve sufferers, it is al- 
ways advisable to prepare a weak soluti(m of carbolic add. 
as ignorant people are liable, as in this case, to use the pura 
add in treating their wounds. At any rate this dedsfon shows 
that employers are not responsible for medical and surgical 
treatment and advice dispensed by their clerks. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



Ill 



THE SOCIETY OF CHEMICAL INDUSTRY. 



N. A. It a NOTES* 



Montfily Meeting of tlie New York Section. 

The usual monthly meeting of the New York Section of the 
Society of Chemical Industry was held at the Chemists' Club, 
Friday evening, January 24, Clifford Richardson in the chair. 
The first paper presented was on Sulphur Blacks and Their 
Action Upon Cellulose, by Louis J. Matos/ In view of the very 
generally accepted theory that black dyes weaken the fabrics 
to which they are applied, the author carried out a series of ex- 
periments with the sulphur blacks, testing the textile strength 
of the cellulose fibers before treating with the dye, after treat- 
ing with the dye, and after treating with the mordant or as- 
sistant. The results obtained seem to prove conclusively that 
the loss of textile strength through the operation of the dye and 
mordant is practicaUy nothing, but that the loss of strength 
which is frequently observed in practice is due to a failure to 
wash the goods entirely free from the acid used in fixing the 
dye, and It is this residual acid, wheUier acetic, chromic or sul- 
phuric, which is the real cause of the loss of strength. 

THB PRESENCE OF COPPER IN DRUGS AND CHEMICALS. 

Eustace H. Gane, head of the manufacturing laboratory of 
McKesson & Bobbins, presented a note on the Presence of Cop- 
per in Powdered Drugs and Chemicals. The presence of small 
quantities of copper in various powdered drugs and chemicals 
had, he said, been frequently observed, and traces of this metal 
have also been noted in the ash of various drugs. The pres- 
ence of the copper has generally been attributed to the absorp- 
tion of the metal from the soil by the plant, though its casual 
occurrence and the irregularity with which it appears has led 
the author to attribute it to the careless handling of copper 
utensils. The rejection of several consignments of powdered 
ammonium carbonate which had developed a blue mottled ap- 
pearance rendered it necessary to determine the origin of the 
copper so as to avoid future trouble. Bvery iK>ssible source of 
contamination was eliminated, the use of brass sieves, and of 
copper, or of tinned copper scoops and utensils in the milling 
room being interdicted, but in spite of these precautions the 
same trouble occurred again. Bventually the author was able 
to trace the origin of the metal to the copper rivets and to the 
copper lacings of the leather belts used in the milling room for 
the transmission of power. The rivets and lacing are worn 
down by friction, and the air of the room becomes in this way 
contaminated with copper, which deposits on all exposed pow- 
ders. 

In the discusaion'whlch followed Caswell A. Mayo said that 
the occurrence of copper in various powdered drugs and tiieijr 
preparations had long been a source of trouble, and had been 
very widely commented on in the pharmaceutical press, the 
general consensus of opinion appearing to be that the contam- 
ination was of chemical origin and due to the utensils used 
either in milling or in subsequent operations. The suggestion 
by the author as to the probable source of contamination was 
certainly entirely novel, and seemed to offer a very reasonable 
ex^anation of a problem which had long been a subject of 
sp^ulation among manufacturing pharmacists. 

The next paper had as its subject, The Influence of In- 
digo Bed in Indigo Dyeing. In the absence of the author, J. 
Merritt Matthews, the paper was read by Dr. H. Schweitzer, 
secretary of the Section. The author said that one of the rea- 
sons frequently assigned for the better results obtained from 
the use of natural indigo as contrasted with those obtaiined 
with artificial indigo was the presence of indigo red in the 
natural product. This theory, the author set out to prove, was 
not tenable, and he adduced a number of facts to prove its 
erroneousness. He believed that a careful investigation 
would show that the poor results obtained with the artificial 
product were due solely to faulty methods of manipulation. 
They certainly were not due to any favorable infiuence which 
the presence of indigo red might exert in the natural product. 



The A* Ph*A. Committee on Drug: Market* 

At the St. Louis meeting of the American Pharmaceutical 
Association provision was made for the appointment of a 
committee on the drug market whose duty it would be to 
prepare a report upon the quality of the drugs and chemicals 
found in the' open market This committee has been an- 
nounced, as follows: E. L. Patch, of Boston; Bustace H. Oane, 
superintendent of the manufacturing department of McKes- 
son & Bobbins: Prof. Henry Kraemer and George Ihlhardt, 
of Philadelphia. Druggists who meet with drags of doubtful 
quality are requested to forward samples to some member 
of this committee for examination. 



Over Thfee Hundred Associatlona Organised by N* A. R. D« 
^orken- Excellent SLesislts Obtained in the Soifth— The New 
Certificate of Membenhip— The Chicago Case. 

m.. t 

Chicago, February 15.~A resume of the work done up to 
January 1, 1902, shows that 325 associations have been 
formed by the organization department of the N. A. B. D. 
These are mostly county associations whose average member- 
ship is fourteen. They have been formed largely in the 
Northern and North Central States. During the winter it was 
thought best to send the organisers South, where the weather 
conditions are more favorable to the economical handling of 
the work than they are in the North during the winter season. 
With the advent of spring, however, the organizers will begin 
to work east, and the work will be continued with vigor until 
the entire country is covered. 

THE WOBK IN THB SOUTH. 

Nearly all of the organizers of the N. A. B. D. are at pres- 
ent in the South. One of them is in Southern lUinoUi, and 
others are in Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, Florida, 
Louisiana, Virginia and Washington, D. C. They are meet- 
ing with distinct success in their work, and as they gain in 
experience success comes easier. It is expected that next 
week the city of Washington will be completely organized. 
N. W. Hoffman, the organizer, is meeting with a cordial re- 
ception, and the druggists of the capital city seem to be ready 
for the work. 

The druggists of Bichmond, Ya., /have been reorganized, 
and much is expected of the new association. The dtles of 
Norfolk and Newport News are being organized as fast as 
Organizer F. C. Vincent can attend to the work. 

In Tennessee Organizer B. O. Bottume has done what the 
retail drug trade of the South has considered impossible. He 
has organized the city of Memphis and reconciled the dis- 
cordant elements among the druggists there. James S. Bobin- 
son is president of the Memphis association and T. B. Ballard 
is secretary. 

In Alabama Organizer W. L. Post Is meeting with a very 
cordial reception, and considerable good work is being done. 

THC CERTIFICATB OF HKMBBRSBIP. 

The N. A. B. D. has gotten out a very handsome certificate 
of membership, which is presented to those associations or> 
ganlzed under the organization department and which, there- 
fore, pay a nominal organization fee. Members of other as- 
sociations auxiliary to the N. A. B. D. will be supplied with 
these certificates of membership in quantities of less than 
ten certificates at five cents each, more than ten and under 
fifteen at four cents each, and in quantities of fifty or more 
at three cents each, charges in all cases prepaid. These 
certificates read: 

N. A. B. D. 

No 

/ Shield illofltrated and ) 
(Scroll) In nnion there J Inscribed : United we L (Scroll) Oar motto : 
Is strength. ) stand ; divided we f To live sad let live. 

^ fall. ' 

CerUfloate of MembertMp, 

This is to certify that 

is a member of the national AasoczATioir or Rstail Dbuooxsts, sad 
is entitled to all the rights, privileges and beneSts goaranteed by the 
constitution thereof. 

Given under onr hands this day of 19. . . 

, Local Secretary. 

Thomas V. Wootbn, National Secretary. 

A CBIOAGO JOBBER BROUGHT TO TIME. 

It will be remembered that Chairman Jones, of the Bze- 
cutlve Committee, gave the Jobbers warning at the meeting of 
the N. W. D. A. convention last fall that If positive proof were 
secured against any firm violating the trlparite agreement 
the full power of the N. A. B. D. would be used in adminis- 
tering a reminder. After much labor the members and ofll- 
cers of the Chicago Betall Druggists' Association at last got 
tangible evidence against a firm in Chicago. Though It was 
known that this house consistently refused to sell to depart- 
ment .stores and aggressive cutters as a rule, it was con- 
sidered best to advise the trade in the Central States of the 
evidence in the possession of the association. While it is true 
that the amount of goods sold to the aggressive cutter was 
very small and the sales were doubtless made inadvertently— 
as was later on made plain— yet even carelessness has the 
same ultimate efTect as deliberate intent. Inasmuch as 
through carelessness the cutters get the goods and snap their 
fingers in the face of the N. A. B. D. It is undoubtedly true 
that no house in the country would admit having sold to a 
cutter otherwise than by inadvertence, and If every house 



I I 2 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



must be given the liberty to slip up a given number of times 
for carelessness, then the N. A. R. D.. like " Old Uncle Ned." 
might Just as well ** hang up the fiddle and the bow " and go 
to the rear and assume the customary attitude. It is a great 
pleasure to inform the trade that the Chicago house referred 
to have given the association the most satisfactory assurances 
of their intention to be more strict in future with regard to 
aggressive cutters who are listed, and it is hoped that all re- 
tailers will show their appreciation of this firm's present 
satisfactory attitude. 

NOTES OF GENERAL INTEREST. 

In a letter received not long ago from Mattoon, 111., it is 
said that the agreement is the salvation of the druggists there 
and that every one is getting full prices. 

Another great victory has been achieved in Duluth, Minn., 
whore the druggists and the department stores are all lined 
up on a differential proposition that seems to be fair to every- 
one concerned. E. E. Chapman is the organizer and deserves 
the commendation of the trade. 

All associations afBliated with the N. A. R. D. are espe- 
cially requested to be prompt in the payment of their dues. 
In order that the work may be carried on properly sufficient 
funds must be promptly available for the purpose. All asso- 
ciations in arrears are, therefore, requested to send in their 
remittances with the least possible delay. 

The St Louis association has adopted a salesman's card, 
which. It may be stated for the information of those who do 
not know the purpose of these cards. Is issued to salesmen 
calling on the druggists of the city representing any house 
which is in accord with the N. A. R. D. Not only In St Louis, 
but in territory contiguous to it, a rigid insistence on the 
salesman showing the St Louis card should be made by 
every druggist 

The N. A. R. D. congratulates the various associations of 
retail drug clerks which have been formed upon their com- 
mendable efforts toward more satisfactory general conditions 
and rejoices that the clerks recognize the fact so fully that it 
. is through organization alone that they can secure what they 
seek. The N. A. R. D. feels that this is a good preparatory 
school for the clerks, introducing them later on to the larger 
work of the N. A. R. D. 



INDEX OF LEGISLATION AT ALBANY* 



The Wm of Mr. Tufts. 

The funeral of James W. Tufts, president of the American 
Soda Fountain Company, was held February 5 at the family 
residence, Medford. The 400 employees of the factory went 
out from Boston and viewed the remains before the services. 
The Rev. Henry C. Deliong delivered a short eulogy. There 
were no pallbearers, but three young men— Sidney Gleason, 
George W. Crockett and Lyman F. Sise— asted as ushers at the 
house. The interment was at Oak Grove Cemetery. Mr. Tufts' 
will has Just been filed. He was rated as a millionaire. The 
bulk of the estate is left to his widow, son, daughter and son- 
in-law, all of Medford. His son, Leonard, and son-in-law, Wil- 
liam T. Jenney, are named as executors. 

To the employees of the American Soda Fountain Company 
who have been employed as foremen by the company for a 
period of two years within the four years immediately preced- 
ing his death, the sum of |600 each is given, as follows: G. 
Barton, George Kuhns, 0. G. Cheney, William Helmer and 
Conrad Adami; also |600 each to the following employees in 
the counting room: F. J. Morton, A. M. French, W. H. S. Jarvis, 
George A. Sweetser, W. S. Stone* and John Macksey. 

The will provides for $200 to each male employee of a par- 
ticular branch of the Tufts factory, and who have also been 
employed at the new quarters on Congress street, providing 
said employee has a wife depending upon him for support 

To each unmarried employee, whether male or female, who 
comes within the descriptive limitations, $100. 

To each domestic servant other than those employed at his 
estate, Pinehurst the sum of $100. 

To his daughter, Mary Gertrude, is left $50,000 uncondi- 
tionally and unrestricted, but with the suggestion that she use 
the Income or principal of the fund for securing for deserving 
grirls or women either rooms or a suitable building where they 
can board at a low cost in comfort and conditions healthful 
and respectable, paying therefor only the cost of supplies and 
attendance. 

Under the fifth clause it Is noted that Mr. Tufts had intended 
to make provision for the establishment of a trade school, but 
owing to the likelihood of such a school being undertaken by 
others, he concluded to withdraw such bequest thinking that 
one such school would be more productive of good than two. 
He recommends, however, that his wife preserve an active 
Interest in this school, if established, and that if necessary she 
give it financial support to the extent of $25,000. 



Position of Bills Affectios: Pharmacy. 

In the list below is shown the position of all bills introduced 
at this session of the Legislature of the State of New York 
affecting the interests of New York pharmacists, up to Satur- 
day, February 15. We are indebted for the particulars here 
given to the Brooklyn Daily Eagle, which prints a complete 
index of all bills of general interest in the State and local to 
Greater New York in its issue of February 15: 

In Senate. 

PosmoH. 

No. INTBODUCKR K^D TiTLI. SbN. ASSBK. 

406. Ambler (Columbia), Adulteration of Food Agr. .... 

184. Audett (Kings), Penal Code, Explosives, Soda Water. Cod. .... 

276. Hill (Brie), Amendment to Pharmacy Law (Id. 

O'Malley) P. Pub. H. 

221. Marshall rKlngs). Poison Cork Pub. H 

116. Slater (New York), Adulteration of Drugs Pub. H 

336. Slater (New York), Pure Food (Id. GraeS) Agr 

Lx Aaaetnbly* 

709. Fancier (Cattaraugus), Sale of Certain Drugs Pub. H. 

27. Fltsgerald (New York), Antitoxin Law Cit. 

689. Graeff (Essex). Pure Food (Id. Slater) Agr. 

129. Nye (Schuyler), Practice or Pharmacy bj Physi- 
cians Pnb. H. 

416. Nye (Schuyler), Drugs. Adulteration of Pab. H. 

70. O'Malley ( Erie) , Amendment to the Pharmacy Law. 

(Id. Hill) Pub. H. 

407. Riditer (New York), Relating to Sale of Drugs. Cod. 

97. Smith (New York), Manufacture of Soda Water Cod. 

Explanation of Abbretiations. 
Agr. — In Committee on Agriculture : CIt. — In Committee on Affairs 
of Clues ; Cod. — In Committee on Codes ; P. — Passed ; Pub. H. — In Com- 
mittee on Public Health ; Id. — Identical, when there are similar bills 
In the Senate and Assembly. 



HEARINGS ON PHARMACY BILLS. 



Local Pharmadsts at Odds. 



PHARMACY LAW AMENDMENT. 

Before the Assembly Committee on Public Health a hear- 
ing was held on Tuesday, February 11, on the Hill amendment 
to the State Pharmacy law, changing the method of electing 
members of the State Board of Pharmacy from the Eastern 
Section. George H. Hitchcock and A. G. Searles, of the Man- 
hattan Pharmaceutical Association, appeared in opposltiou to 
the measure. Those present to urge Its adoption were Thomas 
Stoddart, president of the State Pharmaceutical Association; 
William Muir, of the Kings County Society; George Klelnau, of 
the German Apothecaries' Society; Mr. Bernstein, of the New 
York Retail Druggists' Association, and Mr. Zeitler, of the 
Drug Clerks' Circle. 

Mr. Stoddart referred to the resolution passed by the State 
Association at its meeting in June last. The State Leglslatiye 
Committee had beeninstructed to draft an amendment idong the 
lines 01 that leeolution, and in order to further create harmony he 
went to New York with the LegislatlTe Committee and con- 
ferred there with similar committees of pharmaceutical organ- 
izations. The result was the amendment in its present form, 
with one little exception— namely, the provision that the voter 
be a licensed pharmacist Mr. Stoddart said he considered it 
bad faith on the part of the Manhattan Association to oppose 
the pending measure, and the general opinion was that local 
opposition should stop. From the State meeting in Jane ap 
to the time of introducing the amendment no objection, he 
said, had been raised, and Manhattan's opposition now was 
therefore unexpected. 

Mr. Hitchcock, speaking for the Manhattan Association, 
said he believed the franchise should be open to every licensed 
pharmacist, and that the election should be held in New York. 
He ofTered an amendment to that effect 

William Muir, of Kings County, said It looked singular for 
an organization to plead for men who were not organized. He 
called attention to the fact that the unorganized interests 
were not represented at the hearing. Mr. Bernstein said that 
If a pharmacist did not take enough Interest In trade matters 
to belong to an organization he should not be entitled to vote. 

The fate of the Hill amendment is left uncertain. 

THE SODA WATER BILL. 

On Wednesday, February 12, a hearing was given before the 
Senate Committee on Codes on the bill introduced by Mr. 
Audett to amend the law passed at the last session with re- 
gard to the manufacture of gun powder and other explosives. 
The amendment exempts carbonic acid gas from the provisions 



AMERICAN ^ DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



"3^ 



of the law. Before the hearing started Senator Elsberg said 
he had been requested by ex-Senator Ford, who introduced 
the bill last year, to adjourn the hearing for another week In 
order that opposition to the amendment might be heard. The 
request was granted, but those who had come to the hearing 
to favor the pending measure were allowed to state their 
views. 

Thomas Stoddart, president of the State Pharmaceutical 
ABSociation, said that unless the law was changed in this re- 
spect Its enforcement would work great hardship all over 
the State, and especially in the outlying country districts. 
George Klein^iu, for the German Apothecaries'- Society, said 
that there had never been any accidents from carbonic acid 
eras* except from charged water in tanks. Mr. Hitchcock, of the 
Manhattan Association, said that that body had passed resolu- 
tions favoring an amendment, and that the present law was 
unfair and uncalled for. William Muir, of the Kings County 
Pharmaceutical Society, declared that the original bill was 
introduced and passed in the interest of manufacturers of soda 
water, and not in the Interest of public safety. Ninety per 
cent of the druggists occupy the first floor over their stores. 
If there is any danger, it is to one close to the carbonator. The 
law as it now stands, he said, leaves a chance for blackmail. 



Passed the Kentucky* Board. 

At the meeting of the Kentucky Board of Pharmacy, held 
in Newport, January 14, of a class of twenty-four the follow- 
ing applicants successfully passed the examination: C. W. 
Aitkin, Lexington; B. B. Downs, Greenup; E. H. Higgins, Hop- 
kinsville; F. L. Lee, La Grange; T. J. Turner, Mayfield; N. B. 
Davidson, Louisville; B. F. Hermann, Newport; D. L. Lawson, 
Louisville; A. H. McNaughton, Louisville; H. R. Smith, Belle- 
vue. 

The next meeting of the board will be held In Louisville, 
April 8. Applicants should file papers with the secretary, J. 
W. Gayle, Frankfort, Ky., at least ten days before the time of 
meeting. 



Death of William Martmdale. 

I From our London Correspondint.) 

London, February 2.— William Martindale, F. C. S.. F. L. S., 
died suddenly of syncope on Sunday, February 2. He was 
found dead in his study at 19 Devonshire street, London, 
having only recently returned from a brief trip to the Scilly 
Isles for the benefit of his health. Mr. Martindale was bom 
near Carlisle on June 12, 1840. He came to London in 1862 
and passed his examination for registration as a pharmaceuti- 
cal chemist In 1866. After a short period as an assistant he 
was appointed pharmacist and lecturer on materia medica 
at University College Hospital. He left that position in 1873, 
T^hen he commenced business in New Cavendish street, Lon- 
don. The business was an old one, but Mr. Martindale much 
extended it, and it became one of the largest and best known 
of purely pharmaceutical concerns. Mr. Martindale was for 
ten years an examiner to the Pharmaceutical Society, and on 
his resignation was elected on the council of that body. He 
was chosen treasurer in 1898 and president in the following 
year. He was twice president of the British Pharmaceutical 
Conference (a body of similar constitution to the A. Ph. A.). 
in 1801 for the Cajrdlff meeting and in 1896 for the Liverpool 
meeting. He was chosen last year a member— the only phar- 
maceutical one— on the committee appointed by the Privy 
Council to consider the regulations as to the sale of poisons, 
and his death before the conclusion of the committee's labors 
is particularly unfortunate. Outside pharmacy, Mr. Martin- 
dale was a fellow of the Chemical and Linnean Societies. He 
was mayor of Winchelsea, where he had a country house, 
in 1893. His chief recreation was golf. The " Extra Phar- 
macopoeia," of which he was joint author with Dr. Wynn 
Westcott, was first published In 1883. It became extraordi- 
narily popular with medical men and pharmacists, reaching the 
tenth edition last year. Mr. Martindale, with Michael Car- 
telghe and N. H. Martin, was a British delegate to the Inter- 
national Pharmaceutical Congress held during the World's 
Fair at Chicago. The funeral took place on February 5 and 
was attended, in addition to private friends, by a large number 
of leading physicians and pharmacists. Mr. Martindale leaves 
a widow, two sons and two daughters. The eldest son is Dr. 
W. H. Martindale, Ph.D., who had been for some years as- 
sociated with his father's business. 

OBITUARY NOTES. 

Charles Carroll Gardner, president of the Century Perfume 
Company, of this city, died at his residence in Newark on 
February 5 at the age of 49. Though bom in Piermont N. Y., 



his childhood was passed in Georgia. In 1867 his family came 
to this city and he entered the employment of McKesson &, 
Bobbins, with whom he remained for many yeara He be- 
came interested in the Doty Plaster Company, later had charge 
of the New York office of Grosvenor & Richards, and in 1887 
took charge of Seabury & Johnson's salesmen. In 1893 he 
left Seabury & Johnson to accept a similar po9ition with 
Lazell. Dalley & Co., taking an interest in the business. His- 
health gave way about 1897, and he withdrew entirely from 
business for a while, but finally resumed his duties, and later 
accepted the presidency of the Century Perfume Company. 
Mr. Gardner was highly esteemed as a man of mosrt exemplary 
character and great business acumen. 

On February 6 Frank E. Engelman, who for many year& 
had been identified with the drug trade of Philadelphia, died 
from a complication of diseases at his late residence, 63 West 
Logan street, Germantown. Mr. Engelman was one of the 
best known men in the drug trade. He was born in this city 
and for a number of years was connected with a prominent 
drug house. For the last eight years he has been a druggist's 
attorney and notary public. He did an extensive business in 
buying and selling drug stores, and a few days before hi» 
death he effected a deal by which Jesse W. Pechin pur- 
chased the drug store at Germantown avenue and Cambria 
street. He was a member of the Merchants' Beneficial Asso- 
ciation and the Pennsylvania Council Royal Arcanum. A 
widow and one daughter survive him. 

Harvey C. Clark, a member of the wholesale drug house 
of Farrand, Williams & Clark, died of acute bronchitis, on 

FoItT"*^^ ^' ^^' ^^^^^ ^*^ ^^"^ 8^* Cuyahoga Falls, O.. In 
1839. and received his early education at Warren, O., later 
graduating from Western Reserve University in 1861 He 
then entered the employ of his uncle, William Farrand. of 
Detroit, in the drug house of Farrand, Sheley & Co. In 1872 
he was made a junior partner and in 1890 was admitted into 
full partnership in the larger firm. He was one of Detroit's 
most prominent merchants and was noted for his public 
spirit, being prominently connected with the Y. M. C. A and 
other educational and charitable institutions. 

Mrs. Rebecca Church, who was the widow of Peter Pruyne 
one of Chicago's first druggists, died January 4 at her home! 
184 Lincoln Park boulevard. Mrs. Church came to Chicago 

^^\ ^^L ^iS ^^^ °^^y ^^ inhabitants. She was born 
October 25. 3820, and waa the daughter of Silas W. Sherman, 
of Brookfield. Conn. On the death of her first husband she 
married Thomas Church. Mrs. Church was the mother of 
Mrs. Seneca D. Kimbark. The funeral took place January 6. 

Charles W. Sutterfield, of West Union. O., died last month 
after a long Illness. He was a pioneer druggist at Adams 
County and was considered not only one of the shre\^dest, but 
one of the most popular business men in that section of the 
State, having, been twice elected County Treasurer. His 
daughter was recently married to Frank J. Kapp, at one time 
connected with the Cincinnati drug trade. 

John A. MacKlmmie, druggist, of Norfolk. Va., died recent- 
ly in that city. Mr. MacKlmmie was bom near Edinburgh. 
Scotland, and went to Norfolk from Detriot, Mich., where he- 
had lived and conducted a drug business for nearly 30 years. 
He is survived by a widow and two sons. 

George G. Cowl, who was connected with the firm of A. B 
Sands & Co. until the dissolution of that firm, and for the 
past 30 years or so had been in the drug brokerage business, 
died Sunday, January 26. He was 58 years of age. 

o*^if; ^^^^®s ^' Serre, a chemist and pharmacist, died at 
St. Mary 8 Hospital, Passaic, N. J., from consumption, on 
January 22. aged 40. He was a member of the Society of 
Chemical Industry. 

Died at Scranton, Pa., on January 28, Charles Henwood. a 
well-known druggist, aared 55. He was born in Penzance. 
Cornwall. England, and came to the United States when 2i 
years old. 

^^^^ P' 5®^°®; druggist of Syracuse, N. Y.. died on Jan- 
uary 13 In that city, after a long Illness, aged 75. He hart^ 
conducted a pharmacy on North Salina street for nearly half 
a century. ' 

Edwin Fisher, who conducted a drug store at 513 North 
Ninth street, Reading, Pa., died at his home in that city on 
Januarj' 26, aged 42. ^ 

^-?'®? Q * ^u^^^' ^- •^•' ^"^ January 27, George Amdt drug- 
gist, at South Orange avenue and Bergen street, aged 50. 

ai-^t??iT«i?^^^?*??'.*.'^**^^ druggist, of Louisville, Ky.. 
died at his home in that city on January 30, aged 77. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD., 

Coben. The liabiUdes were given as $8,619.08 and aaaeti 
$47.46. Amonj; tbe creditors mentioned In tbe acbediile are 
the Norwich Pliarmaceutlcal Compan;, o( Norwich, N. T. 

The many friends of William J. Baird, with the New York 
office of Powers & Wetghtman, will be glad to ieam that be 
baa recorered hla health after a Bevera lllneaa, and Is to be 
found ODce more In his accustomed place. His return to the 
office was marked b^ floral gifts on tbe part of his aasoclates. 

Oscar O. Kallsb, the drugglert of Fourth avenue and Tw«it7- 
tblrd street, Is proud of a cablegram from Edna Ma;, the 
actress, testifying to the virtues of American cold cream orer 
the English article. MIbs Maj Is playing In London. Her 
third order was received on January 10. It read: " Send by 
fltst steamer $10 worth of cold cream. The kind I always use. 
Have forwarded money. Edha Mat." 

Tbe annual election of officers of the Drug Trade Club of 
New York took place January 19, witb the following result: 
President. J. L. Hopkins; vice-president, William Hamann; 
treasurer, Alexander Robb; secretary, Harry HIIL Tbe fol- 
lowing non-resident members were elected: George B. Crabbs. 
Lockland, O.; Qeorge Simon, Passaic, N. J.; Q. B. Heckel. Phil- 
adelphia; Arthnr H. Elliott Philadelphia; Charles Phdps. 
Racine, Wis. 



A Bermuda Drug^ Store. 

The first thing that the Ajiebican Dbitooibt man did when 
be set foot on His Majesty's Island of Bermuda was, quite 
naturally, to look for a drug store, and to his pleasure and 
surprise be found that J. H. Bradley, manager of the leading 
pharmacy, Tbe Pbtenlz Drug Store, was a fellow alumnus of 
the BuSaio College of Pharmacy. Mr. Bradley is the hand- 
some gentleman who. In the accompanying snapshot, occupies 
the center of the field. Though a native of the " still Text 
Bet-moothes," Mr. Bradley picked out the Buffalo College as 
his alma mater, and has kept In close touch with the United 
States and with American goods. In fact, though there are 
but few Americans In the Island, Mr. Brsdley finds It better 
to get his supplies from New York than from London. He 
likes American methods of doing business. Our wholesale 
bouses are more accommodating and make more ellort to please 
customers than do those of England, while tbe service Is more 
prompt here as well. American manufacturers take the most 
advertising space In the Island newspspers and hence their 
goods arc In demand. The cut rate evil has not yet struck 
Bermuda, all dollar articles bringing 4 shillings, English, 
equal to 96 cents ia D. S: coins, which, after all. Is really a 
bit of a cut Mr. Bradley ts a keen, wide-awake business man 
and will soon make another visit to New York City. ^ 



GREATER. NEW YOR.K. 

Oeorge U. Olcott, of Dodge & Olcott, "baa sailed for tbe 
West Indies, where he will seek rest and recreation during 
tbe month of March. 

Harry Warrick, formerly well known In the drug trade as 
a dealer in essential oils, and who was of late in the emitloy 
-of FrItzBchie Bros., died at bis home In this cityon February 13. 

Thomas P. Cooke, of the New York Quinine & Chemical 
Works, has recently concluded a auccessful trip among the 
Jobbing drug trade of the Southern and Southwestern States. 

Schleffelln & Co. have made an arrangement with the well- 
known liondon firm of Thomas Christie & Co., 410412 Old 
Swan Lane, London. E. C., to act as sole agents for the United 
States for their well-known speclaltlea. 

The firm of Daggett & Ramsdell, pharmacists. New York 
City, were Incorporated at Albany on February 16, with a 
capital stock of 130,000 and the following directors: V. Cbapin 
Daggett of Richmond Hill; H. M. O'Neill and A. H. Stephens, 
of New York. 

A new drag firm under tbe name Martinez Pbarmacal Com- 
pany have been incorporated under the laws of the State (MT 
New York, to deal In drugs In New York City. The firm are 
capitalized at $3,000, and have the following directors: A. M. 
Jinlenes, Francisco Escobar and Santiago Mortlnes, all of 
New York. 

Oeorge R. Hllller, president of R. HlUler's Son Company, 
tbe widely known wholesale drug dealers, has received a solid 
bronze medal from the State of New Jersey, In recognition of 
bis services as a member of tbe First Regiment' of New Jersey 
Tolnnteers, that responded to the Presldsnt's call in the Olvll 
War in 1861. 

A petltinn in bankruptcy was filed a few days ago by the 
Buropean & American Medical &, Surgical Institute, at 1T4 
iSecond avenue, composed of Isaac Welnsteln and Charles J. 



The annual meeting of the Newburgh Druggists' Association 
was held last month, when officers were elected, aa follows: 
President Isaac C. Chapman; vice-president Richard Ennls; 
secretary, Frederick Wallace; treasurer, Clarence Miller. 
Executive Committee: Geo. H. Merrltt Isaac B. Locler, F. A. 
Grenzebach. Legislative Committee: Geo. H. Merrltt and P. 
W, Nutt Frederick Wallace was appointed to represent the 
organization at the annual meeting of tbe N. A. R. D. 

Thomaa J. Mncmahan. manufacturing pharmacist SI West 
Thirteenth street New York, has filed a petition In bankruptcy, 
with liabilities $15,172 and no assets. The liabilities were con- 
tracted principally from 1888 to 1894. Mr. Macmahan has for 
years been a trustee of the New York College of Pharmacy, 
and was formerly proprietor of a successful pharmacy on 
Sixth avenue. Of late he has been in business as a manu- 
facturer of various pharmaceutical specialties under tbe firm 
name of the MaAnahan Pbarmacal Company. 

Some of tbe leading Jobbers of this city are quite Inter- 
ested in the controversy over the threatened atMlltlon of the 
Indian Warehouse, at New York, and tbe transfer of bids for 
Indian supplies to other and rival trade centers. Sevool 
ye:irs ago bids for furnishing the Oovernment with drug Bup- 
ptles for tbe Indians used to be opened here. In recent years, 
however, the drug bids have been opened In Obicaga Tbe 
closing of the warehouse In this city does not In Itself Interest 
them very much, beyond the loss of prestige to this market 
but tbere seems to be some prospect of having all tbe bids 
for Indian supplies trnnsfctrred to WashlngtoQ and opoied 
there, a change that It Is thought would be advantageoiu ts 
local Jobbers who put In bids. They regard New York as tbe 
primary market for this line of supplies. 

Robert H. McCutcheon. well known In drug trade cirdei 
here as a manufacturer of capsules under the name of the 
American Capsule Works, at 265 Green^vlcb street Is In trou- 
ble. Deputy Sheriff Campbell recently received two execu- 
tions, aggregating $6,308. against him, one for $3,311 in favor 
of Henry and Charles E. Spruck, of Richmond County, and the 
other for $3,087 In favor of the Chatham National Bank on a 
note to the order of Charles A. Boynton, against whom also 
attachment was Issued in favor of the bank. Besides bdng a 
manufacturer of capsules, Mr. McCutcheon has been Identlfled 
witli a number of other Interests, among them the Dnited 
States Capsule Company, of Detroit; tbe Perfection Playing 
Card Company, the United States Playing Card Company, the 
United States E^intlng Company, the Security Conduit Com- 
pany, of this city, and the New York National Exchange Bank. 



Drug: Fire Insurance Controversy. 

Members of the drug trade who have been protesting 
against seeming Inconsistencies and dlscriml nations In the 
new drug Insurance schedule recently put into effect by the 
Fire Insurance Exchange, of this city, feel that their griev- 
ances will be adjusted and that tbe present schedule will be 
revised so as to eliminate its most objectionable features. 
They are much gratified with the treatment received at tbe 
hands of the fire Insurance interest as manifested by tbe 
letters' eipresaed desire and willingness to reconsider tbe 
matter aod rectify mistakes. A conference was held on Mon- 
day, January 27, at the headquarters of tbe New York Fire 
Insurance Exchange between members of the apedal commit- 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



tee appointed by the Drug Trafle Section of the New York 
Board of Trnde and TranBportatlon and the Warehouse Com- 
nilttee of the Fire luaurance Exchange. The drug trade was 
represented by J. L. Hopkine, of J. L. Hopkins & Co., ohatr. 
aian of the drug section, and John H. Stallman. of the Htaii- 
mau-Fulton Company, chairman of the special committee. 
Other membera of the committee are John M. Peters, of Wm. 
J MathesonA; Co.; Albert Bruen, of Bruen &. Bltchle; PhUlp 
S. Tllden, of the Franklin Kalbflelflch Chemical Oompany; 
William A. Hammon. of the RoMBler & Hasslacher Chemical 
Company, and William J. Carr, of Parke, DbtIb ft Go. P. O. 
Uoore, chairman, and other members of the Warehonae Oom- 
iDlttee of the exchange were present The drug men tub- 
milted an elaborate and detailed Btatement of their side or 
tbe case, calling attention to what they considered Inconalstent 
and absurd features of the classiflcatlon, and made a strong 
plea for a revision of the schedule. The fire Insurance men 
explained the basic rate applied to warehouses, according to 
risk Involved^ etc., comparative methods of rating articles 
according to liability to catch Are and the extent of possible 
damage. It was finally decided that the drug trade committee 
ahould prepare a revised schednle to be submitted to the Fire 
Kschange committee at a subseqnent meeting. 



KINGS COUNTY SOOETY MEETS. 

BfooUyn Colbge of Phunucy to Have a New BoHdiag— May 
StMt an Alumni Jounul— Criticbm of the Board of Health. 

At the monthly meeting of the Kings Oonnty Pharmacentl- 
cal Society, held at the Brooklyn College of Pharmacy on Tues- 
day, February 11. eeveral matters of much importance to the 
society and to drugglBta generally were discussed. President 
OacRT C. Klein, Jr.. presided. After Secretary Tuthlll hod 
read the minutes of the last meeting. Treasurer P. W. Ray 
reported a balance of J3S7.73 In the society's treasury on Feb- 
mary 10. and $T,S46.26 In the college treasury on JaDoary 24. 

In the absence of William Muir, T. J. France reported for 
the I'eglalatl're Committee. He told of the work done by the 
committee at Albany. He naked that the secretary be in- 
structed to write to each member of the Public Health Com- 
mittee of the ABHembly on the Hill pharmacy law amendment. 
It was decided, however, to telegraph from the society while 
Id session, requesting that the bill be reported favorably by 
the committee. The mesiiege was accordingly sent. 

Mr. Tnthlll brought np the matter of a new college build- 
ing- The- trustees have (or some time been considering the 
advisability of securing a new site and building for the Brook- 
lyn College of Pharmacy. Throogh the chairman of the 
board, they reported that they recommended the purchase of a 
plot of ground near the present site, It poeelble, for a sum not 
exceeding ^10,000. The trustees have two or three sites in 
view, but nothing definite has as yet been decided upon. The 
plans for the new building have been drawn. They provide 
for a building BO feet front 75 feet deep and four stories high. 
On motion of Mr. Ray. the Building Committee and tmateee 
were authorized to purchase a plot the price not to exceed 
$10,000. Mr, Bay reported that there was $9,147.70 In the 
college treasury. The trustees, he said, could arrange to bor- 
row twenty or thirty thousand dollars when necessary. 

The rancher bill came up for consideration and was op- 
posed by the society. The bill permits merchants and retail 
dealers In, places where there Is no drug store within three 
miles to sell carbolic acid, laudanum, quinine and spirits of 
nitre In original packages bearing a licensed pharmacist's 
labeL The society was of the opinion that snch a law would 
not be in the interest of pnbUc health. 

J. Q. Wlscherth called attention to a plan now being con- 
sidered to establish a central purchasing agency like the Con- 
solidated Drug Company, of Manhattan. 

The proposition to establish a Journal for the society pro- 
voked considerable discussion. It was Snaily decided to leave 
the matter In the hands of a committee of three, to report at 
the next meeting. The committee consists of Dr. Schroeder 
and Messrs Droge and Wlscherth. 

lost before the meeting adjourned the membera Indulged 
In considerable criticism of the Board of Health for what was 
said to be Its discrimination In rates against pharmaclata In 
tbe pnrebase of antitoxin. Druggists are obliged by law to 
buy their antitoxin from the Board of Health. The present 
price allowed physicians greater adraatagea than It did 
licensed druggtsts. It was alleged; physicians were allowed 
a 20 per cent discount while pharmacists were given only a 
10 per cent, redttction. A committee of three— Mears. 
Schleussner, Hegeman and Troug— was appointed to confer 



"5 



with a similar committee from the German ApothecnrlM' As- 
sociation, and to bring the matter to the notice of the Board 

The following new members were elected: Arnold W. M. 
Brandenberg, Fernando B. V. Brandenberg, Charles A. Can- 
non. Samuel Holzm an. Louis J. Jacoby, Henry B. Lents. Louis 
May, Nicholas McDonald and Edward W. P. Bave. 

MEETING OF MAN HATT AN ASSOCIATION. 

Podtton of Billi at Albany Exchange of Licenia by the Board of 
pii„awcy— The Stonge of CombuitibUs by PhannacWi— . 
Draggisti and the Medical Sodetia. 

The regular meeting of the Manhattan PharmaceoOcal 
Association was held at the New York College of Pharmacy 
on Monday evening, February 17, President J, -Maxwell 
Prlngle, Jr., In the chair. After the minutes of the prevloUB 
meeting had been read and the treasurer's report received. 
George H. Hitchcock, as chairman, reported Cor the Legtsla- 
tive Committee. He called attention to the bills at Albany not 
yet acted upon, and to the work done by the committee In 
favoring or opitoslng the passage of various measures. There 
would be no more hearings on the Poison Cork bill, he said. 
He thonght that the bill exempting carbonic add gas from the 
provisions of the law regulating the manufacture of gnn- 
powder. etc, otherwise known as the Soda Water bill, wonld 
be passed. A. C. Searles and Mr. Hitchcock attended the 
hearing on the Hill amendment to the State Pharmacy Law, 
relating to the election of members to tbe State Board from 
the Eastern Section. They both opposed the amendment and 
Mr. Hitchcock said that there was a strong probability that 
the bill wonld not be reported out of the committee la its 
present form. 

Mr. Hitchcock recommended that pharmacists holding a 
license from the New York City Board of Pharmacy ex- 
change It for an all-State license. They can do this by paying 
$1 to the State Board, and Mr. Hitchcock thonght It would be 
best to take advantage of the opportnnlty while It lasted, as 
possibly this privilege might be changed or revoked. 

Chairman W. L. Schaaf reported for the Committee on 
Trade Interests. He read extracts from the New York 01^ 
Charter, as published by the Bureau of Combustibles, show- 
ing the quantities of combustibles that retail druggists are 
allowed to carry under the law. 

Dr. George C. Dlekman reported on the result of efforts to 
arrange meetings with the materia medica section of local 
medical societies and the State Medical Association, l^e 
locals, he said, did not seem to take much Interest In the sec- ' 
' tlon, and consequently there was not much prospect of ar- 
ranging any meetings. Tbe State Medical Association, how- 
ever, might do something, he said. 

One new member, A. E. Merln, was elected. 



THE ST. LOUIS COCKED HAT LEAGUE. 



We present herewith a picture of the team of tbe Searle ft 
Hereth Company, winners of the championship tor the current 
season. 



ii6 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



WESTERN NEW YORK. 



Bulfalo 



Doing Well— The Social Qtib Flouriihinfir— Many 
Changes of Ownership in Drug Circles* 



(From our Regular Correspondent,) 

Buffalo, February 20.— There Is plenty of evidence that the 
Buffalo druggist Is making money these days and doing better 
than he used to, for the most confirmed grumbler Is now say- 
ing that he is doing fairly well, and the good feeling member 
of the trade declai'es that business is " fine.? 

TEB SOCIAL CLUB FLOCRISHINQ. 

Socially the Buffalo comes to the front in two solid lines. 
The social club is flourishing in spite of some rery bad weather 
this winter, and now there is a masquerade ball on the pro- 
gramme, to be given on the 26th, apparently on the inspira- 
tion of the German singing societies, which have lately come 
forward in that capacity and to which not a few of the city 
druggists belong. Then there is the bowling club, which 
meets every Friday afternoon. So far this winter there have 
been no matches with other city drug bowlers, but these will 
be on the list later on. A new change of location is on again, 
as the alleys do not suit. The new ones at Washington and 
Mohawk streets, built for the late tournament, are now to be 
tried. The reports are very flattering and big scores are ex- 
pected. 

MANY STORES CHANGE OWNERS 

The new State Board of Pharmacy is, under the present 
arrangement of business, showing its value as a news gatherer, 
as well as a regulator of the trade from a supervisory stand- 
point. Secretary Reimann, of the Western Branch, reports 
the following recent changes of proprietorship: D. F. Rundell, 
of Little Valley, sold to C. L. McLouth; Benedict & McLoy, of 
Andover, sold to O. E. Vars & Son, who now have two stores 
in that town, one managed by each member of the flrm; L. S. 
Hunt, of Belfast, sold to the Fisk-Crawford Company; G. P. 
Jenkins, of Fourteenth street, Buffalo, sold to Mrs. B. J. Lock, 
who Is a graduate of the Buffalo College of Pharmacy and a 
pharmacist under the new board; F. Pryor, of Springville, 
sold to C. W. Kellogg; G. H. Salt, of Niagara Falls, sold to W. 
M. Bowen. 

The Western Branch has now received the reports of all 
but eight of the Buffalo drug stores, and all but 18 of the out- 
lying stores, which is considered an excellent showing, in view 
of the 375 on the list. It is found that as a rule it is careless- 
ness that makes the trouble, as the same stores that were 
delinquent under the individual registration plan are on the 
back list now. The branch will take forcible means of getting 
the reports if necessary. There were a great many defective 
blanks sent in, which has kept Secretary Reimann very busy 
of late, and the delay in getting the blanks from the printer 
contributed to the slow completion of the work. 

AN OI<D DRUGGIST BURNED OUT. 

The drug store of Casper Dort, on Fillmore avenue, Buffalo, 
was, early in Februiary, damaged by flre to the extent of about 
$1,000. Mr. Dort was quite severely burned about the face in 
trying to put out the flre and to save some of the goods. He 
is one of the older city druggists and stands well in all drug 
circles. A second store is under the management of his wife, 
Elizabeth Dort, who Is a graduate of the Buffalo College of 
Pharmacy. It was the plan to unite the two stores this year 
under a single management. The fire may have hastened this 
arrangement 

BUSY COUNCILMEN. 

Councilman Stoddart and Alderman McEachren, the Buffalo 
druggists, are not attending very strictly to their private busi- 
ness this winter. The Common Council has been in a deadlock 
ever since the opening of the year over the election of a city 
treasurer to fill a vacancy, and there is not much to do but at- 
tend the meetings. 

el MINOR NEVS NOTES. 

Julius E. Francis Tuerke's drug store, at 1872 Niagara 
street, suffered about $300 damages from flre about 10.30 
o'clock on the night of January 26. 

The Buffalo Druggists' Bowling Club is better attended this 
winter than usual, and still other members are speaking in 
favor of taking -a hand, as they need the exercise. At the last 
meeting some fine scores were made, Herman Dedo running up 
231 and Eli Randall 228. 



The Western Branch is preparing to send out copies of the- 
State law with new covers, in which are the special notices to- 
prospective candidates for license. It has been arranged to 
drop the examinations for February, May, October and De- 
cember, with the idea that the remaining six will be sufficient 
and the expense will be less. 

Work on the revision of the Pharmacopoeia proceeds about 
as rapidly as usual. The various committees are passing the 
work along as it reaches them. Dr. Gregory, the Buffalo mem- 
ber, reports the receipt within a few days of considerable work 
on tinctures. He has Just sent forward three lots of matter 
on syrups, elixirs, ointments, plasters and the like. 

It Is reported that there are a good many drug stores for 
sale in Buffalo this winter, though the business is better than 
formerly. Among late sales is that of the N. E. McClurg store 
on Seneca street to W. J. Thompson, who already owned one 
store on the east side. He will retain both and has engaged 
his brother, Harry H. Thompson, as manager of the new pur- 
chase. 

C. O. Rano, the well-known Buffalo pharmacist, who lately 
returned to active business after being long retired, by buying 
the McArthur store on Niagara street, is already in full pos 
session and announces that he has retained all the old em- 
ployees, including F. G. Prescott, who has been in charge some 
years, and also Edward M. Cummings as pharmacist. Every- 
body welcomes him back to business. 

The meetings of the Buffalo Druggists' Social Club are in- 
creasing in interest every month. The last one was very large- 
ly attended and the exercises were very taking. There seem» 
to be a poet concealed somewhere In the list who is making a 
good thing by praising the specialties of the members in verso. 
He sings of Dr. Gray's honey of white pine. Gregory's syrup 
of licorice, Perkins' corn cure, sure to be the thing, as it has 
been tried on Reimann's horse, and so on. There are no files 
on the club. 

ITEMS OF NEWS. 

Dr. L. P. Reimann, of Fifth and Poplar streets, celebrated 
his sUver wedding on October 18 at the Broad Street Drawing 
Room, at which a large number of his druggist friends were 
present to congratulate, him. 

O'Rourke & Hurley, the well known pharmacists, of Little 
Falls, N. Y., have issued their calendar for 1902. The beauti- 
ful picture entitled " Feeding the Deer," represents the little 
daughter of Mr. Hurley feeding a couple of tame deer. The 
design has been copyrighted. 

The Polk & Calder Drug Company, of Troy, recently elected 
the following officers: Directors, C. F. Polk, J. A- Calder, W. 
D. Bunny, F. E. Draper and W. F. Polk. Officers: C. F. Polk, 
president and treasurer; P. A. Calder, vice-president; W. D. 
Bunny, secretary. 

E. C. McKallor, president and manager of the Elk Drug 
Company, Binghamton, closed a deal on February 11 where- 
by the company become sole owners of the WiUard Day Phar- 
macy, 21 Main street, Binghamton. The Elk Drug Company 
publish the Broome County Almanac In the interest of their 
other retail store, known as the Barkman Drug Store. 

Wm. H. Quinn, of De Camp & Quinn, Glens Falls, has pur- 
chased his partner's interest in the drug business there, and 
will conduct the business hereafter under the firm name of 
S. T. Quinn & Co. The new member of the flrm, S. T. Quinn. 
a brother of Wm. H., will divide his time between the local store 
and that of W. H. Quinn & Brother, of Ballston. William P. 
De Camp, the former member of the flrm, has entered the em- 
ploy of Merck & Co., New York, as traveling salesman. 

Proceedings of the twentieth annual meeting of the Massa- 
chusetts State Pharmaceutical Association, held at Fall River. 
Mass., June 11, 12 and 13, 1901. with minutes of special meet- 
ing, Boston, September 25, 1900, also by-laws, roll of member- 
ship and extracts from the public statutes of Massachusetts. 
Published by the association. Under the heading, " Important. 
Special to Members of the Association," attention Is called 
to the fact that all the expenses connected with the publication 
of the volume are paid for by advertising patronage. 

NOTES FROM KINGSTON. 

C. B. Bevler, of Poughkeepsie, is managing the Laycock 
Pharmacy. 

Chas. D. Clinton, the former mannprer of the Laycock Phar- 
macy, has entered the employ of Van Deusen Bros, as sales- 
man. 

The Drug Club is talking of holding a banquet in the near 
future. The one held last year was a success in every way. 
and was attended by every druggist and drug clerk in the city. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



"7 



MASSACHUSETTS. 

l^islatlon in MaBsachtsietts- Bills Proposed fof Registration of 
Assistants— After the Patent Medttcines— Mr. Tofts' Policies 
WiH be Conttntied In the American Soda Fountain Company— 
Price-Cottlng in Pittsfield* ' 



{From our Regular Correspondent) 

Boston, February 19.— At this time of year the interest of 
the trade is centered in the State House. Fewer measures 
than usudl were introduced at this session. One bill was that 
of Representative Nichols, a Ck)lumbus avenue pharmacist, and 
n member of the Health Committee, which Is entitled "An 
act to provide registration for assistant pharmacists," but this 
title is misleading, as the bill alms to set aside some salient 
features of the present law. The first section follows: " Section 
fourteen of chapter seventy-six of the Revised Laws of Massa- 
chusetts Is hereby amended by adding thereto the following: 
The board shall also register in a like manner and under the 
same regulations any person who desires to do business as an 
4i88istant pharmacist: provided, however, that for the period 
of three months from the passage of this act any person who 
has had three years' experience under the personal supervision 
of a registered pharmacist shall, upon application and the pay- 
ment of a fee of 50 cents, be registered as an assistant phar- 
macist and receive a certificate duly signed by the president 
and secretary of said board." 

Two hearings have been held on this bill, at which it was 
opposed by Messrs. Nixon, Canning, Hubbard, Sawyer, Bartlet 
and Tilden. No one favored the measure excepting its sponsor. 
It Is not likely to receive a favorable report, but as an outcome 
of this effort, Secretary Tilden, of the Board of Pharmacy, and 
F. A. Hubbard, representing the M. S. P. A., are to ascertain 
what other States are doing in the matter of registering as- 
sistants, and then they will probably draft a bill embodying 
^hls idea. 

~ MR. BARTLKTT'S BILL UKOPPOSED. 

A hearing has been held on the bill allowing the Board of 
Registration in Pharmacy to reconsider its action in suspend- 
ing the licenses or certificates of pharmacists in certain cases. 
This was favored by W. W. Bartlett, Ph.G., and there was no 
opposition. 

A favorable report has been presented on the bill to transfer 
the powers and duties of State Inspector of Liquors to the 
State Board of Health. 

THE REGULAR "STRIKE" MEASURE ON HAND. 

The annual measure which would necessitate publishing 
formulas of patent medicines appeared and another bill requests 
that certain provisions of the pharmacy law, from which manu- 
facturers and dealers in patent medicines are now exempt, be 
applied to them. Neither bill is likely to receive a favorable 

report . . , _ 

All of the State laws were revised by a commission last 
year. The pharmacy laws underwent some slight changes 
-during the revamping. One of these would permit the reap- 
pointment of two members of the commission— Messrs. Butler 
and Tilden. 

THE AMERICAN SODA FOUNTAIN COMPANY. 

The policy of James W. Tufts win be continued by the 
American Soda Fountain Company. His individuality was so 
thoroughly inculcated into the soda water business that he 
was really the foundation upon which it was built It remains 
as a lasting tribute to his memory. Leonard Tufts, the second 
vice-president of the company, has gone to Plnehurst for a 
few weeks to look after the interests thrust upon him by his 

father's death. ^ , ,. ^ 

James N. North, the treasurer of the company, has been 
confined to his home for some time by illness, but his condi- 
tion is now much better. 

B. O. Tracy, manager of the fruit syrup, extract and 
sundries department of the company, with headquarters at 
the Boston factory, has just returned from a month's trip 
throng the South. He found the conditions such as to war- 
rant the expectation of a large season's business. 

PRICE-CUTTINO IN PITT8FIELD. 

In Pittsfield the druggists have been receiving full prices 
until recently. Now cutting is the order of the day, and it is 
expected that It will be extended to nearby places. 

THE DATE OF THE M. S. P. A. MEETING 

has been changed to June 3, 4 and 5. The gathering will be 
held at Northampton. 



TROUBLE OVER LICENSE. 

Druggists In several cities are already having trouble over 
the license question. In Maiden a temperance association has 
appointed a committee to wait upon the License Committee of 
the City Government and protest against the granting of 
licenses to some 40 or more drug stores throughout the city. 

In Haverhill another organization has secured alleged evi- 
dence against six druggists. This evidence will not- be pre- 
sented at court, but will be placed before the License Com- 
mission in an attempt to prevent licenses being granted the 
offenders. 

In Somervllle, F. E. Whittemore and his clerk, James Done- 
gan, were each recently fined $50 for Illegal sales of liquor 
on Sunday. Appeals were taken In each case. 

The twenty-first annual meeting of the Massachusetts Phar- 
maceutical Association will be held In the city of Northampton 
on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday, June 3, 4 and 6, 1002. 
H. A. Wlswell, of Northampton, is the local secretary. 

SODA FOUNTAINS IN NEW ENGLAND. 

New Englanders are making extensive preparations to se- 
cure the nimble nickel which comes -from dispensing soda 
water. Many of them have recently obtained new apparatus 
from the James W. Tufts branch of the American Soda Foun- 
tain Company. The list includes the following druggists: C. E. 
Webber, Orono, Me.; O. E. Bliss, South Portland, Me.; F. li. 
Pease, New Bedford, Mass.; A. H. Nuess, Lewlston, Me.; G. 
T. GUcrease, Brookline, Mass.; E. H. Derivlare, MandvlUe, 
R. I.; J. P. Taylor, New Bedford, Mass.; S. J. & J. A. Wright, 
Walsefield, R. I.; C. J. Carew, South Boston, Mass.; Peter 
WiUett, Auburn, Me.; J. Dube, Lewlston, Me.; C. S. Llttlefield, 
Ogunquit Me.; W. D. Spauldlng. Hallowell, Me.; Billings & 
Stover, Cambridge, Maqs.; W. H. Merrell, Lisbon, N. H., and 

A. L. Denesphaud, Worcester, Mass. 

BOSTON FIRMS CONSOLIDATE. 

Announcement has been made of the consolidation of the 
five largest local importing houses engaged In handling drug- 
gists' sundries, etc. A new corporation will be formed under 
the name of the Eastern Qommission & Importing Company, 
with a nominal capital of $200,000. A building has been leased 
and the new company will begin business early next month. 
The concerns making up the new corporation are the Pea- 
body-Whltney Company, the F. R. Smith Company, H. P. 
Emerson & Co., W. S. Carr & Co. and Hyer Bros. 

CITY JOTTINGS. 

ti. S. Flagg, East Boston district, has a new fountain from 
James W. Tufts. 

Sawyer & Co. have opened a "drug shop" at the comer 
of Tremont and Hollis streets. 

The question of transferring the duties of the State Assayer 
of Liquors to the State Board of Health has been referred to 
a sub-committee of the Public Service Committee. 

It is rumored tliat the building 80 Tremont street, so long 
occupied by Theodore Metcalf and his successors, will soon 
be torn down to make way for a skyscraper. 

Dr. Durgln, of the local Board of Health, has petitioned 
the Legislature asking that the State Board of Health be 
authorised to produce antitoxine and vaccine lymph for the 
free use of the people. 

The Alumni Association of the M. C. P. held a social at 
Huntington Hall on the evening of January 22. An enjoyable 
concert was first held and this was followed by dancing. 
President Simpson had charge of the affair. 

The Northeastern Section of the American Chemical So- 
ciety met at the German Tumverein on the evening of Janu- 
ary 28. Dr. James Locke read a paper on Some Recent Prob- 
lems in the Systematlzation of Inorganic Compounds and Dr. 

B. S. Merigold on Some Recent Work on Uranium. 

A bill has been introduced into the Legislature asking that 
the Board of Registration of Pharmacy be authorized to re- 
verse its actions and change its determinations as Justice may 
require. Another measure requests prohibition of sales of 
cigarettes^ except by Jobbers or whoelsalers doing an inter- 
state business with persons outside the State. 

A measure has Just been introduced in the House authoriz- 
ing the registration of drug clerks as assistant pharmacists. 
This bill provides that the Board of Pharmacy shall register 
any person who has had three years* experience under the 
personal supervision of a regrular pharmacist, upon application 
and the payment of a fee of 50 cents. 



ii8 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



BAY STATE NEWS. 
B. 0. Bngstrom, Pittsfield, sncceeds Carl Hjdren. 

A. B. Carpenter & Co. sncceed G. W. Mathewson, Bast 
SomerviUe. 

The business of P. H. Sazton, Montello, has been purchased 
by Leslie T. Adams. 

B. F. Smith, North Weymouth, is a petitioner in bank- 
ruptcy; liabilities $3,946.50, no assets. 

W. B. Webster, of East Weymouth, is using a carbonator 
recently purchased from James W. Tufts. 

Bourke & Martin, of Worcester, recently purchased an 
elegant soda apparatus from James W. Tufts. 

J. W. Colcord, of Lynn, is to move into a new store. He is 
to add a new Tufts fi)untain to his equipment 

M. B. Perry is to open a new store at New Bedford, and 
has placed an order for a fountain with James W. Tufts. 

The Brookline store of the T. Metcalf Company has Just 
been sold to Messrs. Thomas Curran and David C. Hickey. 

rnderwood & Judd recently purchased the Garland phar- 
macy, at Gardner. They are making extensive improvements, 
ii^duding plate glass windows and a comer entrance. The 
firm will also have a new Tufts fountain. 

Ralph G. Perkins, who conducts two stores in Somervllle, 
was before the local court last week charged with maintaining 
a liquor nuisance. The testimony failed to substantiate the 
charge and Mr. Perldns was honorably discharged. 

The Surgeons' & Physicians' Supply Company of America 
were recently incorporated for manufacturing and dealing in 
medical supplies; capital, $500,000; paid in, |6; president, 
Frederick W. Reeves, Cambridge, Mass.; treasurer, James 
H. Nickerson, West Newton, Mass. President Reeves is well 
known to the drug trade, having been prominently identified 
with the Apothecaries' Guild and N. B. R. D. U. 



PENNSYLVANIA. 



Rhode IsIasKi 

At the annual meeting of the Rhode Island Pharmaceutical 
Association at Providence on January 8 the following offlcers 
were elected: A. W. Fenner, president; Gilbert R. Parker, 8. 
W. HimeSt A. B. Collins, J. T. Wright and W. H. BufBnton, 
vice-presidents; C. H. Daggett, secretary; Albert FMiner, trsas- 
urer; Howard A. Pearce, A. J. Johnson, Jr., and B. W. Van, 
Bzecutive Committee. 



North DakoU Board* 

The examination of the North Dakota Board of Pharmacy 
was held at Fargo, February 5, 0. The successful candidates 
were: A. G. GiUespe, Minto; J. F. Brown, Redfleld, 8. D.; 
J. A« Breidenbach, Grand Forks; T. R. Williams, Larimore; 
A. A. Kurtz, JamestOT^-n; R. G. Lund, Cakes; C. M. Gaylord, 
York; H. F. Sitier, Leeds; Geo. W. McKnight, Willow City; 
W. B. Patten, Grand Forks; A. H. Movius^ Lidgerwood; S. B. 
Pixley, Church's Ferry. The next meeting of the board will be 
held Wednesday, July 10, at Fargo, N. D. 



Passed the Kansas Board. 

At the thira regular meeting of the State Board of Phar- 
macy, held at Leavenworth, Kan., December 4, the following 
were present and passed the examination: Robert F. Haines, 
Niotose; L. S. Sargent, Jimction City; B. T. Shoemaker, Junc- 
tion City; Albert B. Stevens, Coffey ville; George T. Brown, 
Ottawa; J. A. Tuggle, lola; Sam Gordon, Kansas City; H. B. 
Read, Mound Valley; Loehr M. Grubbs, Topeka; D wight Mc- 
Bride, Paola; C. U. EUiyes, Goffs; H. Aug. Carey, Bl Dorado; 
George W. Knauer, Topeka; Chase W. Brown, Ottawa; Grace 
A. Forbes, Mankato; H. M. Stunz, Holton« Registered As- 
sistant Pharmacist, C. A. Harkness, Hays City. 

Since the September meeting of the Kansas Board the fol- 
lowing have been registered without examination, by virtue of 
being graduates of recognized schools of pharmacy: J. 8. 
Cblsm, Argonia; A. B. Crandall, Jewell City; Hy D. Higginsoo, 
Wichita; J. C. Reese, Newton; Harry G. Dunmyre, Kerwin. 

The next meeting of the Board will be held at Ft Scott, 
Kan., March 6, at o'clock, a. m. Thocie who desire to take 
the examination should notify the secretary, W. B. Sherrlff, 
BUsworth, Kan., at least five days before the date of the meet- 
ing. 



Twelve Hundred DruggistB Play Euchre A Long List of Handsome 
Prircs Oifered— The P« A. R. D. Doing Good Work— The 
Bottle Law^The Retail Drug Trust. 



(From our Beguior Oorrefpondent.) 

Philadelphia, February 20.— The big annual euchre party 
of the Philadelphia Association of Retail Druggists, the third 
and largest of the kind, was given at the Mercantile Hall on 
Broad street on the evening of February 11. There were 
twelve hundred players and three hundred prizes were pro- 
vided, ranging from a $360 piano to a box of candy. The 
players filled both the upper and the lower floor of the hall, 
and two excellent orchestras furnished music during the 
games, and after the games were finished provided music for 
the dancing, which was kept up till a late hour. 

N. A. Oozzens, as chairman, presided over the affair, and 
was ably assisted by the following committee: G. W. Fehr, 
vice-chairman; D. J. Beese, secretfury; H. A. Nolte, treasurer, 
and W. T. Myers, U. G. Ruff, A. 0. Schofield, Jacob Bppsteln, 
J. W. Frey, G. P. Scheehle, J. O. Perry and Mahlon Krata. 

The grand prize, a $360 MerediUi piano, was won by Mrs. 
Benjamin Lyons, of 2263 North Park avenue; the first ladles' 
prize, a silver water set, donated by Valentine H. Smith dt 
Oo„ by Birs. Bmma Allen, 2836 BYankford avenue; the second 
ladles' prize, a colonial ladiesT writing desk, by Mrs. F. B. Ball, 
1820 Oamae street; the third ladies' prize, a box at the Park 
Theatre, by Miss B. Bell, 1344 North Twenty-ninth street; the 
first gentlemen's prize, a handsome tumbler washer, with 
spray, globe and chandeliers, valued at $160, donated by 
Johnson & Ck>., by Mr. Smither, of Camden, N. J.; the second 
gentlemen's prize, a Springer torsion balance, donated by the 
makers, by J. F. Marsh, 2023 North Woodsted street 

S. H. Garragan and wife, F. P. TuthlU and wife and Oas- 
well A. Mayo came over from New York to attend the affair. 

GOOD WOBX OF THB P. A. B. D. 

Valuable as the social features of the P. A. R. D. un- 
doubtedly are, they form but a small part of the work of the 
association. Quite recently six or eight of the members were 
saved the sum of |66 each through the good offices of the 
P. A. R. D. hi some litigation in which they had been Involved. 
This is but one of many instances in which the association 
has been of immediate practical benefit to Its members. 

MUST NOT BBFILL BC»TTLE8. 

There is always some one ready to make the druggist's Uf e 
a burden. During the session of the Legislature of 1809 a 
bill was passed which prohibited the use of a bottle the 
second time, except in refilling prescriptions, and excepting 
also milk, mineral water, beer, etc. This law has never been 
recognized, and there are few druggists that are aware that 
such a bill was ever passed. Recently all the leading whole- 
sale druggists, as well as many of the retail druggists, re- 
ceived a copy of this bill. Owing to the drastic character 
of the measure the druggists have paid no attention to tt, and 
it is said that if an attempt is made to enforce it a fight will 
be made to determine the constitutionality of the act 

The bill was Inclosed in a plain envelope which was mailed 
in Pittsburg. It is believed that it was sent out by some 
manufacturer of bottles. 

ANOTHEB OPINION ON THE PHBNYO- CAFFEINE OASB. 

Olayton F. Shoemaker, chairman of the Proprietary Oom- 
mittee of the N. W. D. A., in discussing the decision In the 
Phenyo-Gaffeine case, said: "The decision by a Phila- 
delphia court in regard to the test case brought in the 
Phenyo-Caffeine matter is exactly in accordance with the 
opinion which I have always held, and, it seems ta 
me, likewise in accordance with the dictates of com- 
mon sense. While I am fully prepared to admit that 
it might be entirely possible, from a leg«] standpoint 
to control the retail as well as the wholesi^ie prices of 
patent medicines so long as a continuous contract can be 
traced. It has always seemed to me that it would be mani- 
festly unreasonable to claim that an alleged contract could 
be enforced without proof of continuity or vrithout any rea- 
sonable supposition of assent on the part of the buyei* In ad- 
dition to this, I do not believe that either by legal process or 
by any other process is it possible to make the retail prices of 
patent medicines uniform all over the country. The kiatoral 
operation of commercial laws provides that all goods shall be- 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



119 



retailed more cheaply In the large cities than in the small 
towns. While I have the greatest sympathy for the mem- 
bers of the retail drug trade whose profits in this direction are 
mnch less than formerly, I am also clearly of the opinion that 
full retail prices in the big cities need never be expected again 
t>y any one under any conditions. The most that can be 
hoped for is price agreements which will secure a moderate 
<^ompensation for the dealer." 

STATUS AND PLANS OF THB STNDICATB STORES. 

The plan to form a syndicate of drug stores in this city is 
being pushed, and the promoters of this scheme are quite en- 
thusiastic over it J. J. McFadden, the organizer, says mat- 
ters are progressing most satisfactorily and that within sixty 
•days the stores embraced will be operated under one manage- 
ment. It is said the new company have options on the good 
will and fixtures of twenty-five drug stores in this city, and 
there is a good demand for the stock of the company. There 
are to be 50,000 shares of a par value of $10 each. In speaking 
•of the plan Mr. McFadden says it is not a new one, as there 
Is a similar organization in London which operates 248 stores, 
juiother In Pittsburg which controls forty stores and there 
are combinations of the same character in Cincinnati and 
•other dties. Mr. McFadden also said: '* There is no national 
mainspring to the combine. At present it is purely local, but 
may grow beyond the plans of the projectors. It is proposed 
by establishing a central pharmaceutical laboratory, where 
certain lines of goods may be manufactured, to save from 20 
to 40 per cent of the cost of these same goods. Oompounds 
that are now made by the retail druggist in small quantities 
may be made in bulk at the central laboratory at a great sav- 
ing. The principal matter, however, will be the gain to the 
^*onsumer in quality and cheapness. On the other hand, we 
propose to give stockholders 8 per cent and accumulate a 
surplus besides for future improvements." 

DETAILS OF THE SCHEME OF OBQAKIZATION. 

It is reported that over 100 owners of drug stores have 
been informed of the details of the plan and have consented 
to Join the trust The prospectus says the stock is to bear 
8 per cent interest and another 8 per cent is to go into a 
linking fund for the purchase of opposition stores. In connee- 
tioD with the retail business the trust is to establish a whole- 
sale branch, which will furnish the stores of the corporation. 
Having a wholesale concern the trust can undersell opposition 
stores at least 50 per cent and make money. The first $500,- 
<XX) of stock will be given in exchange for stores to be ab- 
sorbed by the trust The remaining half is to go toward es- 
tablishing the enterprise and wiping out opposition wherever 
it may crop up to interfere with the monopoly. The Common- 
wealth Trust Company are to be the fiscal agents of the cor- 
poration. 

Mr. McFadden announced that the management of the com- 
bine would go into the market to acquire all of the well es- 
tablished drug stores now being operated on the independent 
plan. Thf owners of the stores desired would be made good 
offers for their property, and if they refused to sell they would 
be driven out by opposition stores in their immediate vicinity. 
Where the proprietors of established stores decided to come 
Into the trust they will be retained as business managers at 
a guaranteed salary and a commission on the gross business 
•done by them. Besides, they will receive the interest on the 
stock given them in exchange for their stores. 

WHAT IS SAID OF THE PLAN. 

It is said the incentive for the combination is to be able 
to fight the larger cut-price drug stores, which are now driving 
the independent druggist out of the business. A movement of 
this kind was started some time ago among the wholesale 
•dioiggists, but the prospectus was too glittering and the plan 
fell through. It is thought that a company with a consider- 
ably larger capitalization than $1,000,000 will be required to 
corral all the retail drug stores in this city, especially as the 
department stores are considering the advisability of adding 
a drug department The assertion that the trust in having 
a bouse of its own, can purchase direct and effect a saving of 
50 per cent is ridiculed by the leading wholesale druggists. 
The leading retail druggists do not take much stock in the 
plan. 

STUDTINO BIOLOOICAL PHABHACT. 

On February 12 Prof. Remington took the senior class of 
the Philadelphia College down to Olen Olden to inspect the 
vaccine farms of H. K. Mulford & Co., where the party were 
most hospitably entertained and saw every detail of the proc- 
ess of manufacture of serums, etc. 



OHIO . 

Cincinnati Drugg^ Ponder the Suppression of tlie Ctttter— Pfo- 
posed New Poiaon Law Arouses Oppoiltton— Remarkable 
Thefts of a Prison Disposer. 



{From our Regular Correspondent,) 

Cincinnati, February 16.— The Ohio Valley Retail Druggists* 
Association held an important executive business meeting last 
week, at the Odd Fellows' Temple in Cincinnati, for the con- 
sideration and discussion of a number of interesting matters. 
The old question of mdeting the prices and methods of adver- 
tising of cut rate druggists, of whom there are an unusually 
large number in Cincinnati, was warmly discussed, and a plan 
of action determined upon, which will be closely followed by 
all the members of the association. Some of the members 
were in favor of advertising in competition with the cut rate 
dealers, but it was finally determined to continue to meet the 
cut prices, but to refrain from general advertising, as in the 
past because of the difficulties presented to the smaller dealers. 
Local competition is now so keen that most of the local dealers 
now meet as closely as possible the cut rates on the best known 
and most widely known proprietary and patent medicines ad- 
vertised by the cut rate stores. The situation is made even 
worse because one or two of the larger department stores of 
Cincinnati have/ added drug departments or enlarged their 
old drug departments, and have been advertising a low 
schedule of prices in their general display advertising, and 
have thus succeeded in diverting a portion of the retail drug 
patronage from the regular channels. 

AN AKTI-COOAINE LAW HAS OBJECTIOKABLB FEATUBE8. 

Another thing discussed at the meeting of the association 
was the pending legislation restricting the sale of cocaine and 
other drugs. The members of the association, as a whc^e, are 
heartily in favor of certain restrictions on the sale of cocaine, 
but they do not like the proposed phraseology of the bill, and 
particularly that clause referring to the keeping of a ** poison 
book." The bill provides that the druggists, even in the caae 
of the compounding of prescriptions containing cocaine, must 
secure the name, age, sex and other data of the purchaser, and 
enter the full memorandum in the " poison book." This fea- 
ture, the druggists say, is unfair, and they want it changed 
in the law. The druggists claim that when they receive a 
prescription from a reputable physician calling for a com- 
pound containing cocaine, that eliminates the druggist, and 
the imposition of the special registration is an obstacle to their 
business. In short, they say that it means they must pry into 
the business of not only the physician, but of the customer, 
and this would be disagreeable. By resolution the whole mat- 
ter was finally left in the hands of the Board of Control of the 
''Association, who will confer with the framers of the bill and 
seek to have the objectionable features eliminated. 

BISON DBUO SCANDAL. 

An unusual case has developed at the Ohio State Peniten- 
tiary at Columbus. Thomas C. Jones, serving a life sentence 
for murder committed in Wood County, has l^n serving as a 
nurse in the prison hospitaL Dr. J. M. Thomas, superintendent 
of the hospital, discovered that he was disposing of drugs to 
other convicts, who either received money from friends and 
relatives outside the prison, or else made money vrithin the 
prison walls by extra taslcs. He had been "treating" one 
convict, Conrad Straub, for heart trouble, and had received 
from this one man |14.75 for drugs stolen from the State. 
Other discoveries followed in rapid succession. On a shelf In 
the hospital, covered with a heavy curtain, was found a com- 
plete and generously stocked apothecary's stock. In his locker 
was constructed a false side, and in this was stocked a large 
quantity of morphine and other drugs. Other drugs he had 
concealed under a table top. Jones swore that the morphine 
; had not been stolen from the hospital stock, but had been pur- 
chased outside. Jones had also cunningly "worked" the 
prison physicians for a large supply of alcohol. During his 
spare time, when he was not busily engaged in selling the 
State drugs to fellow convicts, he made fancy handkerchief 
boxes, and told the physicians that he needed alcohol to thin 
out the shellac used in covering the boxes. Jones may have 
had a confederate outside the prison walls from whom he 
obtained drugs that he could not secure from the hospital's 
store, and which he sold to the other convicts at a large ad- 
vance over the regular prices. He has been placed in solitary 
confinement and will be otherwise severely punished. 

THB SYNDICATE XOVEMENT IN CINCINNATI. 

Druggists generally are interested in a series of local news- 
paper stories to the effect that negotiations are in progress for 



I20 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



a union of drug stores, similar to the plan in effect in Chicjago. 
For a number of days past several of the largest drug manu- 
facturers in the West have been in Cincinnati quietly consult- 
ing with two of the most prominent members of the local 
trade. These conferences have all been of a most private na- 
ture, and little information of a reliable sort can be obtained 
as to the nature of the business transacted or considered. The 
plans, as stated by local druggists, are to purchases stores that 
are about to be closed and abandoned because of competition 
or unprofitable business, with small financial returns. In the 
event of failure to purchase them it is proposed to lease them 
and place the owners in charge on a commission basis, and 
the syndicate also expects to open drug stores in the large de- 
partment stores, in places where they are not already pro- 
vided. Two of the Cincinnati druggists said to be interested 
in the matter are Dr. B. H. Weatherhead, whose place of busi- 
ness is at Sixth and Vine streets, and who is one of the largest 
retail dealers In Cincinnati, and Otto Stein, of the great Stein- 
Vogeler Wholesale Drug Company; President Weller, of the 
Bichardson Drug Company, of Omaha, Neb., is said to be one 
of the out of town dealers Interested in the Cincinnati move- 
ment. The names of the others who are interested have not yet 
been made public. All the gentlemen mentioned have persistent- 
ly declined to make a statement of any sort, and will neither 
affirm nor deny the rumors that have been current. Just how 
far the project has been carried is not known. 

CRITICISM BY COBONBB. 

Coroner Louis Schwab, of Hamilton County, of which Cin- 
cinnati is the county seat, in a verdict announced last week 
in the case of a woman named Frankie Edwards, a member 
of the demi monde, who had committed suicide with poison, 
took occasion to severely criticise the druggists of Cincinnati. 



MICHIGAN. 



The Phenacetine Decision— Tiie Detroit GwnterfeHefB to Come 
tip for Trial — Tiie Boaid of Pharmacy — PhyBtciaiis Support 
the Co-operative Telephone Co* 



Pass List of the Ohio Board. 

The results of the Janaary examination of the Ohio Board 
of Pharmacy are announced by W. R. Ogler, secretary, Colum- 
bus, as follows: 

Pharmacists.— Robert D. Hamilton, DarrowvlUe; Perry B. 
Powell, Kenton; I^ulu M. Hutt, Waverly; C. A. Houk, Ar- 
canum; Henry M. Knemoeller, Cincinnati; W. H. Haumesser, 
Wauseon; C. W. Phillips, Akron: O. P. Seeds, Commercial 
Point; Doyle Sheldon, Shelby: C. P. Pink, Prederickton; Wm. 
J. Mock, Cleveland; G. W. Morehouse, Sparta; Carl Tuttle, 
Berlin Heights; Roy C. Start, Toledo; Carl P. Schwilk, Upper 
Sandusky; H. Dale Shields, Columbus; W. H. Gamble, Mc- 
Keesport, Pa.; B. B. Prase. Barberton; G. P. Pranke, Wapa- 
koneta; John G. Neilly, Cambridge; P. A. Childs, Crestline; 

F. W. Price, Pomeroy; Leo A^ Lesser, Cleveland; B. E. Vale, 
Bast Liverpool; Robt. K. Davis, Pindlay. Total applicants, 
79; passed, 25. 

Assistant Pharmacists.— Prank Bauer, Cincinnati; H. B. 
Kennedy, Toledo; P. W. McNess, Cleveland: MaV Drayer, Co- 
lumbus; Wm. Johns, Cleveland; B. E. Owen, Warren; C. P. 
Woodward, Dennison; J. K. Haly, Zanesville; C. G. Klmmel, 
Wharton; Clarence Gressel, Wharton; Mary L. Brown. Day- 
ton E. R. Lehman, Wellington; Leah H. Burdsal, Cincinnati; 
Joseph Schneider, Cincinnati; L. L. Bunnell, Franklin; Harry 
Mason, Columbus; H. B. Rudolph, Jr.. Springfield; C. H. Deter- 
ding, Columbus; Perry E. Miner, Linden vllle; Karl J. Rausch- 
kolb, Columbus; Wllber H. Stoll, Cleveland. Total applicants, 
38. Passed, 21. 

Por Assistant Pharmacist on Examination as Pharmacist. 
—Roy O. Parks, Cleveland; T. C. Rogers, Greenville; H. A. 
Twining, Haskins; B. C. Sells, Kenton; A. J. Kuenle, Dayton; 

G. A. Prinzbach, Cincinnati; C. P. Ackerman, Cleveland. 
The next examination will be held in Columbus May 13, 14. 

Passed the New Jersey Board. 

The following is the list of successful candidates at the 
examination by the New Jersey Board of Pharmacy, on Jan- 
uary 10. 17, 1902: 

Registered pharmacist— Harry Lee Blckel, Philadelphia, 
Pa.; Robert St. Clair Blew, Brldgeton; William Henry Britton, 
Caldwell; Harry W. Christman, Ocean City; William Allen 
Cole. Jersey City; Sidney L. Dorland, New York, N. Y.; J. 
Howard Prick, Atiantic City; Bayard Hilliard, VIncentown: 
Blwood Rue Hall, Montclalr; Isaac Johnson, East Orange; 
Frederick Edwin Knowles, Newark; Daniel J. McAghon, Jer- 
sey City; Thomas M. Pascall, Newark; J. E. Price, Branch- 
viUc; Albert E. C. Roy, New York, N. Y.; Charles P. Richter, 
New York, N. Y.; Aaron Reich, Newark; Charles H. A. 
Stoerzer, Newark; Paul Traub, Bordentown; J. Horton Uhle, 
Bast Orange; Harry Vaughn, Morristown; Adolph Wolfert, 
New York. N. Y. 

Registered assistant— P. G. Clark, Atlantic City; Walter R. 
Rieck, Newark; Louis Schneider, jr., Newark. 



(From our Regular Correspondent.) 

Detroit, Pebruary 20.— There is a great deal of interest felt 
among the drug trade in Detroit over the decision this month 
of the United States Court of Appeals for the third district, 
in the phenacetine patent case, handed down by Judges At- 
chison, Dallas and Gray, at Philadelphia. The case was one 
of the hardest fought battles in pharmacal history, and has 
been in course of litigation for six years. 

The Parbenfabriken of Elberfeld Company, owners of the 
patent on phenacetine which had been taken out by E^ N. 
Dickerson, brought the case against Conrad D. Mauer, of Phil- 
adelphia, to establish the validity of the patent The local 
pharmaceutical association backed the defendant in the at- 
tempt to break the patent All but two points in the defense 
were brushed aside in the court's decision, first, the claim to 
anticipation based on an article by Dr. Hallock, who de- 
scribed in The American Chemical Journal in 1879 some ex- 
periments in which something similar to the process for the- 
manufacture of phenacetine was gone through with, and sec- 
ond, that the company's patent did not sufficiently describe 
the substance, in that, contrary to declaration, it could be 
colored by the use of nitric acid, either when very strong,, 
when applied with heat, or when allowed to stand for seven- 
teen hours. 

THE DECISION OP THE COURT. 

In regard to the first, the court decided that any claim to 
anticipation based on Hallock's article could not stand, as 
the process was not the same and the result obtained was not 
phenacetine. 

On the second point, the court stated that such tests as 
the defendants proposed were unusual and abnormal and 
were never intended to be covered by the statement in the 
patent adding that they converted the phenacetine into dilter- 
ent substances. 

THE CASES IN OETEOIT. 

During the present term of the Recorder's Court in De- 
troit, there will be tried four men on the charge of having in 
their possession counterfeit phenacetine labels with the pur- 
pose of using them. Lewis J. Pulmer and Herbert T. Jenkins, 
doing business under the name Windsor Drug Company, it is 
alleged, imported phenacetine into Canada and were ofiTering 
it for sale with a certain amount of adulteration, as phenace- 
tine bayer, with labels like the regular Canadian labels of 
the Parben Pabriken Company. 

Edward H. Horn and William P. Bartlet operating as the 
German Tablet Company, at 122 East Elizabeth street De- 
troit, are charged with having in their possession the means 
for making these spurious labels. 

Attorney H. D. Morton, of New York, and Allan H. Frazer, 
of Detroit representing the company, say that hundreds of 
druggists who have purchased spurious articles will be made 
to account for them to the company, and action will be taken 
as soon as the above cases are disposed of. 

THE STATE BOARD OF PHARMACY 

reports that one important case has been prosecuted success- 
fully this month. Charles H. McCarger, of Mulliken, Eaton 
county, was charged with carrying on a pharmacy without a 
license. He was tried Pebruary 5, convicted, and was fined 
$60 and $40 costs. McCarger has appealed the case. The 
State Board will hold Its next meeting for the examination of 
applicants in St Cecelia hall. Grand Rapids, March 4 and 5. 

p. F. INGRAM, PRESIDENT OF THE CO OPERATIVE TELEPHONE C0» 

P. P. Ingram, of the firm of P. P. Ingram & Co., manufac- 
turing pharmacists, has been elected president of the new 
Co-operative Telephone Company, which is figuring to pur- 
chase the partially completed plant of the People.'s Telephone 
Company, formerly controlled by the Everett-Moore syndi- 
cate, and now in the hands of a receiver. The company has 
met with fiattering success thus far, and there seems to be 
but little doubt that It will be a go. The various societies of 
physicians have passed resolutions Indorsing the Co-operative 
Company and the matter will soon be brought up before the 
Retail Druggists* Association. At present the Michigan Bell 
Telephone Company have a monopoly and recently raised all 
rates 50 per cent 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD 



121 



ILLINOIS. 



Tlie Shorter Kotsrs Movement Gains Momentttm— Qty Council 
Eaqpected to Take a Hand— Apprentices Should Register at Once 
on Entering a Drug Store— Delay BSeaos Delay In Final Regis- 
tration—An Unusually Large Class Registered by the Board. 

(Frmn our Regular Oorrespandent.) 

Chicago, February IT.—The drug clerks' agitation for 
shorter hours has grown to notable proportions and has made 
considerable progress. The Executive Ck>mmittee, represent- 
ing the C. B. D. A., has passed the following resolution: 

" Resolved, By the Executive Committee of the auxiliary 
•districts of the 0. R. D. A, at the regular monthly meeting, 
held February 11, 1902, that we recommend to the association 
that such measures be adopted as will, as far as possible, 
secure fewer working hours for all engaged in the retail drug 
business, aiid that the association urge upon its members the 
securing of such sleeping quarters for clerks as are unob- 
jectionable from a sanitary point of view." 

OITY COVVCU. EXPEOTSD TO ACT. 

This resolution will be taken up at the meeting of the 
whole association in April. Mr. Bodemann has written to 
the Drug Clerks' Association to the effect that he and W. A 
Dyche, tiie two Chicago members of the Board of Pharmacy, 
will co-operate with the clerks In their campaign for the 
prosecution of all violators of the pharmacy laws. One of 
the startling features In connection with the agitation is the 
talk of a strike that will tie up all drug stores. Mass meet- 
ings have been arranged, and the clerks are discussing the 
advisability of becoming affiliated with the Retail Clerks' 
International Association, so as to secure the backing of or- 
granized labor. In the meantime the officers of the Drug 
'Clerks' Assoda^on are making every possible effort to induce 
•all drug clerks to Join their organization. The officials expect 
that the city council will pass an ordinance prohibiting the 
practice of sleeping in stores. The clerks say they are in a 
position to force druggists to yield to their demands if neces- 
sary, for if all registered men should go out their places could 
not be filled. It is a question, of course, if such 'united action 
could be secured. 

THB APPBBNTICB REOI8TRATION 

Members of the State Board of Pharmacy are anxious that 
employers and clerks should urge all young men of their ac- 
quaintance who are learning the drug business to get regis- 
tered as apprentices as soon as possible. These young men 
are urged to write to the secretary of the board as soon as 
possible and be registered. It is pointed out that delay to do 
this means a similar delay in being given registration certifi- 
cates as assistant or registered pharmacists, for their experi- 
ence will be d^ted from their registration as apprentioes. 
This part of the new law has not been strictly enforced as 
yet, but the board members hint tliat it would be well to 
make ready for possible strict interpretations of the statute. 
LiOts of apprentices are said to be ignorant of the fact that 
the law affects them in this manner. 

PASSED THE BOARD EXAMINATION. 

An unusually lai'ge number passed at the meeting of the 
State Board which has just been finished. There were 165 
applicants and 112 passed. These were granted certificates 
as registered pharmacists: 

W. A Bamett, Henry Bader, C. H. Brown, A. J. Broman, 
R. B. Carlyou, T. F. Cummlngs, H. R. DeLand, J. T. Fawcett, 
W. B. Freeman, W. A. Forbes, R. J. Forbrich, E. J. Giessy, 
W. Hardeman, A. F. Hennessey, Lewis Hyman, A. Jaus, A. J. 
Jewell. W.'V. Keller, T. J. Knaak, A. Koenlgstein, Ernst Lea- 
sing. J. V. Lee, O. M. Llndvall, W. F. Lutzen, M. A. Masor. H. 
T. Moyer, O. J. Matthael. G. McCormlck, Jr.; F. E. Pierce, 
M. R. Price, T. F. Provost, W. N. Rickert, J. Ruzicka, J. J. 
-Samuels, C. R. Sanderson, A. T. Schieder, A. B. Shutts, V. A. 
Sloan, C. M. Snow, D. P. Stephens, L. F. Supp, J. T. Sweeney, 
A. F. Schroeder, H. E. Secor, J. W. Thorson, H. D. Valbracht, 
W. E. Wendt, J. F. Welch, J. P. Warren. H. Weinkauff. L. W. 
Brookings, H. L. Cady, W. S. Bloch. A. Dougherty, L. D. 
Jackson, A. B. Landers, C. Markus, J. H. Newman, B. L. Old- 
field, S. W. Taliaferro, J. P. Cholewinski, B. Deikelmann, A. 
C. Dockhom. O. A. Fritz. H. T. Graham, H. N. Henckell, J. J. 
Metz, C. W. Mlnshall, H. Minchin. E. S. McNichols, P. A. 
Schroeder, J. B. Tiscornia, E. Williams, C. B. Westcott S. M. 
Williams, H. J. Burmelster, A. Seekamp and M. Spira. 

The following passed as assistant pharmacists: A. H. 
Bauer, F. H. Bess, John Brenner, F. J. Denn. B. S. Geiger. 
R. R. Gbaret. Harvey Gill, M. W. Gurpe, O. Heronemus, M. 
L. Holm, A. F. John, E. J. Karlovsky, J. L. Kies, V. E. Law- 



rence, B. T. Locke, W. A. Mynara, J. J. McClugage, W. H. 
Perry, O. L. Prohaska, J. E. Schneider, A. H. Schwarse, W. 
H. Schroeder, C. A Salopoulomlos, G. H. Thompson, B. T. 
Todd, J. A Thomas, H. B. Walter, C. J. Weimer, J. B. WoJ- 
talewlcs, W. H. Zabel, L. R. A Schwanke, O. Bvers, J. A. 
Mayer and B. B. Stacy. 

THE NEW SLOT TELEPHONES. 

President George A. Graves, of the Chicago Retail Drug- 
gists' Association^ might almost be said to have broken a rec- 
ord and to have established a most unusual precedent in local 
drug circles, for when Interviewed in the interests of a local 
paper recently about the telephone agitation, Mr. Graves said 
something, and said it hard. When asked what he thought 
about the new nlckel-in-the-slot telephones, Mr. Graves did 
not call attention to his new brand of dgars, nor did he say 
anyttiing about the nice skating on the lake, but he is credited 
with remarking: " We druggists are good natured, but there far 
a limit" Information also leaked out that before many days 
a committee would call on President Sabin, of the Chicago 
Telephone Company, In order to inform him that there must 
be a change. It Is asserted by some that the new nickel tele- 
phones are detracting from the revenues secured from the ten- 
cent apparatus. Mr. Graves asserts that the difference cuts a 
big slice out of profits. 

CHICAGO NOTES. 

Martin Lewis has succeeded J. Nienaber at Twenty-second 
and State streets. 

Mrs. Mary T. Barclay, widow of the veteran Oak Park 
druggist who died recently, passed away at her home Feb- 
ruary 18. 

In an explosion^ due to gas, in which eleven lives were 
lost in the vichiity, the drug store of J. C. Kleiner, at 2100 
Archer avenue, suffered considerably. Windows were blown 
out and many bottles were broken. The damage amounted to 
1200. 

The D. D. D. Society, composed of doctors, dentists and 
druggists, held its first banquet on the night of February 14 
at Netherwood Hall, Marshfield avenue and Taylor street. 
Dr. M. L. Aren was toastmaster, and there were a number of 
speeches. 

Arthur Burrage Farwell, secretary of the Hyde Park Pro- 
tective Association, caused a stir in the Kenwood Evangelical 
Church recently while reading his annual report He de- 
clared before the congregation that some druggists of Hyde 
Park were violating the anti-liquor law in force there, and he 
asked his hearers to watch for infractions of the law. 

The Executive Committee of the Chicago Retail Druggists* 
Association at its last meeting discussed the telephone prob- 
lem at length. It became evident that most of the druggists 
favored the dime-in-the-slot device, and that the company 
like the nickel apparatus. Better arrangements are to be 
made to secure the druggists against losses on toll service. 
The cessation of aggressive advertising has greatly improved 
the condition of Chicago druggists, according to members of 
the committee. 

WESTERN NEVS. 
At Wyota, Iowa, F. D. Jeffrey has succeeded Fried & Co. 

Novak & Nicking have purchased W. GralTs store, at Iowa 
City, Iowa. 

A. L. Garden has purchased the store of W. E. Norton at 
Edison, Neb. 

S. M. Reinardy has succeeded Dennis, Relnardy & Co., of 
Burlington, Wis. 

The store of H. C. Granneman, at Fort Wayne, Ind., has 
been burned out. It was fully insured. 

E. Bishop, at Bement, 111., has sold out to W. W. Davis 
and is now in business at Crawf ordsville, Ind. 

J. A. Falkenhaner, Ti tonka, Iowa, recently suffered a se- 
vere loss by fire. The building in which his store was located 
was destroyed, but the druggist managed to save a portion of 
Ills stock. 

W. J. Wyman has purchased the A. J. Yaw store at Belvi- 
dere. 111. Mr. Wyman has been connected with the store for 
a number of years and is a son-in-law of Mr. Yaw, who died 
about two months ago. 



123 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



'Bhe Drug and Chemical Market 

The prices quoted In this report ere thoee current In the wholesale market, end higher prices are paid for reUll lots. 

*The quality of goods frequently necessitates a wide range of prices. 



Condition of Trade* 

New York, February 22, 1902. 

THE volume of business in the drug and chemical mar- 
ket has diminished during the period under review 
on account of the interruptions to traffic caused by the 
widespread storm, and much of the trade of the fortnight 
has been made up of small orders to jobbing houses. 
The market has thus ruled quiet, and large transactions 
have been notably the exception. Importers who con- 
fine their operations principally to original packages 
complain of a considerable falling off in the demand in 
comparison with the corresponding period of previous 
years, but, adverse conditions notwithstanding, the situa- 
tion is characterized by many strong points and the out- 
look is considered favorable for results the coming spring. 
Prices on most lines are firmly maintained, though the 
lack of demand for certain staples has contributed to an 
easier feeling. The competition among the independent 
and trust producers of alcohol has served to unsettle 
values, and prices are tending downward, a reduction 
having been already announced by certain distillers. Cod 
liver oil has developed a firmer tendency in view of im- 
proved demand, and prices are generally higher. Most 
of the chemicals which were affected by the so-called 
"chemists' war" of prices have recovered from their 
unsettled position, the manufacturers having settled their 
differences. Wood alcohol has advanced in the interval 
in the face of active buying against spring requirements, 
and prices are well sustained at the advance. We have 
no improvement to report in opium, which continues 
dull and neglected. Quinine is not taken with any spirit, 
but no effort is being made to urge business, and manu- 
facturers* prices are'unchanged from the previous quota- 
tions. Few of the fluctuations named in the subjoined 
table are of more than ordinary importance, such price 
changes as have occurred during the interval resulting 
•either from competition or the natural operation of the 
law of supply and demand. 



HIGHBR. 
Balsam coimlba. 
Wood alcohol, 
Ck>d liver oH, 
Acetate of lime, 
Arsenic, 
Nitrate of soda, 
Damlana leaves, 
Lobelia herb. 
Lobelia seed, 
Bayberry bark, 
Onm asaf oetida. 
Hemp seed, Russian, 
Wormseed, American, 
Senega root. Western. 



LOWER. 
Alcohol, 
Opium, 

Gum Arabic, sorts, 
Krgot, 

Grains of paradise, 
Cnbeb berries, 
Menthol, 
Bnchn leaves. 
Balsam tola, 
Gum Senegal, 
Cardamom seed. 
Golden seal root. 
Cacao butter. 
Union salad oil. 
Bleaching powder. 
Mustard seed. 



DRUGS 

Alcohol, [;rain, has weakened in the interval, owing to a war 
of prices between the independent and trust producers, and 
a reduction of 25c per gallon has, It Is said, been announced 



in some quarters. Confirmation of this was lacking at the 
time of going to press, and we have no actual price chaaget 
to report, though tiie announcement of a' reduction is honrly 
expected. Wood is in active demand and holders have ad- 
vanced their range 6c, making the quotation for 96 per cent. 
65c to 70c, as to quantity. 

Arnica flowers are in demand and selling fairly in a Jobbing 
way within the range of our quotations, say 9c to 10c. 

Balsam copaiba has advanced a notch since our last, and 
though the demand has slackened somewhat during the past 
few days holders continue firm in their views and another 
advance is looked for. Meanwhile current sales are only 
slightiy in excess of Jobbing proportions. Importers quote 
Central American at 86c to 39c and Para at 45c to 47c, which 
figures appear to be slightly above buyers* limits. 

Balsam fir, Canada, has developed a stronger feeling, owing 
to scarcity, and recent Jobbing sales were at $3.60 to |3.76 for 
Canada and 75c to 85c for Oregon. 

Balsam, Peru, meets with some attention, though the sales 
In most Instances are in smaU Jobbing lots, on the basis of 
11.35 to $1.40. 

Balsam, tolu, is easier, and sales have been made at slight- 
ly lower prices, some transactions being at 27c. 

Barks.~Bayberry has developed some scarcity, and prices 
are generally higher and firm. A continued firm market is re- 
ported for sassafras, wild cherry and elm, which are about 
out of the market for the moment. Cascnra sagrada is in- 
quired for to a moderate extent, with best grades given the 
preference, and we hear of sales within the range of 4%c to 7c. 

Buchu leaves, short, are in better supply, and some business 
has been reported within the range of 18c to 20c; l<mg are 
about out of market and we hear of nothing offering below 
$1.00. 

Cacao butter i^ neglected and values have yielded a point 
or two since our last, current sales making at 31c to 31^ for 
bulk, and 87c to 39c for cakes in 12-Ib. boxes. 

Cannabis Indies is firmly maintained at the quoted range of 
62^ to 56c, and an early advance is looked for in some quar- 
ters, particularly in view of the fact that the export duty from 
Bombay has been increased. 

Cantharides have been in better demand the past fortnight, 
though the sales in most instances are of small quantities; 
prices, however, are firm at the range of 60c,to 63c for Rus- 
sian, and 45c to 50c for Chinese, as to quantity. 

Chamomile fiowers have remained quiet during the inter- 
val and the tone of the market is easy, though prices are fair- 
ly well sustained for the different grades, Roman being quoted 
at 17c to 20c, German, new crop, 17c to 24c, and Hungarian, 
new crop, 12c to 15c. 

Cinchonidine sulphate continues to find a fair Jobbing out- 
let, and prices appear well sustained at the recent advance to 
25c to 27c, as to quantity. 

Cod liver oil is developing a firmer tendency and an im- 
provement in values is looked for. The market has been prac- 
tically cleared of the cheaper lots, and nothing is now obtain- 
able under $23.00, while some decline to shade $23.50 for 60- 
bbl. lots; meanwhile we quote the range at $28.00 to $28.00. 

Colchicine is very scarce and wanted, and $26.00 per ounce 
is now quoted. 

Cubeb berries are dull and neglected and holders are easier 
in their views, with whole offered at 9%c to lie, and powdered 
at 13c to 16c. 

Cuttiefish bone has developed no new features of interest 
either as regards price or demand. Holders quote prime 
Trieste at 21c, Jewelers' large at 80c to 85c and small at 45c 
47c. 

Damlana leaves have marked a sharp advance owing to 
scarcity, 16c to 17c being named as acceptable by most hold- 
ers. 

Ergot has further yielded owing to pressure on the part of 
some holders to realize, and Russian is now quoted at 38c t# 
40c and Spanish at 38e to 42c, as to quality and quantity. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



125 



Brgot of rye, according to J. Bemhardl, of Leipzig (Phar- 
maceutical Journal), Is being adulterated with the ergots of 
^¥rheat and barley to an increasing extent. The admixture of 
such foreign sclerotia, wrongfully described as ergot of rye, 
afl he points out, is not a new thing, but it la only lately that 
It has developed to the present extent, and such large quanti- 
ties of the ergots of wheat or barley are nowadays being ad- 
mixed with genuine ergot of rye, that many parcels of the lat* 
ter should be rejected on that account Mr. Bemhardl has met 
with lots, supplied from the southern districts of Russia, that 
were adulterated In this manner to the extent of 30 to 40 per 
cent., and a good many lots of such a mixture of ergots have, 
he says, recently been shipped. The difference can easily be 
detected by the appearance, the ergots of wheat and barley 
being much bigger and shorter than the ergot of rye, and of 
similar shape to wheat and barley grains. Russian ergot is 
said to be more and more preferred by those manufacturers 
who are of opinion that the outer part of the grain contains 
the most active portion of ergot. 

Grains of paradise have weakened since our last, with sell- 
ers offering stock within the range of 16c to 18c, as to quality 
and quantity, but the demand has not been stimulated to any 
extent by the cut in price. 

Guarana is only in moderate consuming request, but the 
available supply being limited, values are maintained with 
considerable firmness, such sales as come to the surface being 
at 75c to 80c. 

Jaborandi is attracting some attention in view of the firm 
position of the article abroad and quotations are firmly main- 
tained at the range of 18c to 20c. 

Juniper berries have been in improved request of late and 
the market has developed more firmness, owing to reports of 
depleted stocks at primary sources of supply. 

Lithla carbonate reflects the Influence of competition among 
holders, and while the nominal spot price is $1.50, it is said 
that lower figures will buy in some Instances. 

Lobelia herb is scarce and wanted and 18c to 20c is now 
quoted as the range, according to quality and quantity. 

Lycopodlum is meeting with a fair Jobbing inquiry and 
prices are steadily maintained on the basis of 51c to 52c for 
unmarked and 58o to 54c for Pollltz. 

Menthol is unsettled and offered a shade lower in most in- 
stances, dealers apparently being more disposed to realize upon 
the stock in hand; quoted $4.00 to $4.10. 

Opium has developed no action of any consequence during 
the past fortnight and little worthy of note has come to the 
surface. The market remains very dull, and various explana- 
tions are given for the weakness. On the one hand it is inti- 
mated that the market is being depressed by dealers who are 
anxious to increase their holdings, while on the other the 
weakness Is attributed to the natural operation of the law of 
supply and demand. Meanwhile quotations are barely steady 
at the decline of $2.95 for single cases and $3.00 to $3.05 for 
broken packages. Powdered is dull and easy at nominally 
michanged quotations, though we hear of a sale at $3.75. 

Quinine is held as before and the trade requirements are 
small. Manufacturers' prices are maintained on the basis of 
27c for bulk, while parcels are offering from second hand at 
the range of 26c to 26Hc, as to brand and quantity. 

Saffron, American, is passing out to the trade in small quan- 
tities within the range of 13c to 14c, the Inside figure being for 
single bale lots; Valencia is held and selling at $6.00 to $6.26. 

Salad oil, Union, is easier, and manufacturers now quote at 
the range of 46c to 47c, as to quantity, a reduction of 2c per 
gallon. 

Senna leaves are In good consumptive request, preference 
being given to the medium grades of Tinnevelly; sales of Alex- 
andria whole are making at 10c to 12c and of broken true at 
6MiC to 7c; Tinnevelly are quoted at 5c to 14c, as to grade and 
quantity. 

Thymol has marked another decline, the open quotations 
of the market being now $2.65 to $2.80, and a sale Is reported 
down to $2.40. 

CHEMICALS. 

Acetate of lime is in Improved position, owing to Increased 
demand, and a slightly higher range of quotations has been 
established, brown being now held at 00 to 06c and gray at 
1.80c to 1.35c. 

Arsenic, white, is scarce and higher and now quoted at 
894c to 4c for Bnglish; German held at 3^ to 8%c. 

Benzoic add, artificial. Is dull, but the open quotation of the 
market has not changed from 36c to 40c; natural continues 
selling at 7^ to 8c per ounce. 



Bleaching powder is easier, but not quotably lower, l%c to 
2c being named for English and German and $1.70 to $1.90 for 
French and Belgian. 

Blue vitriol remains In firm position and manufacturers' 
prices are steadily maintained at the range of 4^c to 4%Cr 
while 4%c and upward is named for retail orders. 

Boric acid is In good demand for consumption, and manu- 
facturers' prices are well sustained on the basis of lOKc to 
ll^c for crystals and ll^c to ll%c for powdered. 

• 

Carbolic acid has, it Is believed, reached its lowest point, 
and it is said that an advance In prices is only retarded by the 
continued competition among manufacturers. Current quota- 
tions for crystals, in bulk, are 19c to 20c, while pound bottles 
are held at 28c to 24c. 

Chlorate of potash continues to offer at 8c for crystals and 
8^ to 8)4o tor powdered. Sales for future delivery have been 
made at 7%c for domestic. 

Citric acid remains seasonably quiet, and small Jobbing 
sales only are reported at the range of 88c to 88^^ for domes- 
tic and 32V2C \o 33c for SlciUan. 

Copperas remains in quiet condition and the quotation for 
carload lots is 35c. 

Cream of tartar has not varied from 19c to 19%c for pow- 
dered; the market lacks animation and the demand is unim- 
portant 

Nitrate of soda is held with Increased firmness and hold- 
ers of spot stock demand 2.35c. 

Sal ammoniac is In moderate demand and lump Is well 
sustained at the range of 8%c to 8%c. 

Saltpetre, crude, is held and selling fairly at 3^; refined 
quoted at 4%c to 5%c, as to quality and quantity. 

Tartaric acid is passing out fairly into channels of consump- 
tion, and in a jobbing way at unchanged prices, say 28c to 
28^ for powdered. 

ESSENTIAL OILS. 

Anise has further declined, and the bottom of the market 
seems to have been reached at $1.10, though it was rumored 
that offers had been made to sell in single case lots at $1.06. 

Cassia has declined 2^ without, however, Infiuendng the 
demand, the trade requirements being momentarily very 
small. 

Cltronella, In a small way, continues selling at 22c to 23c in 
drums and 24c to 25c for cans. 

Orange, sweet, offers rather sparingly at $1.35 to $1.50, 
which is below the lay down cost of London prices. 

Peppermint continues firm, and while there have been 
some sales of bulk in the country at $1.70, according to report, 
the market has stiffened up again, with $1.75 named as inside 
there, and some holders asking $1.80. We quote the range at 
$1.80 to $1.90, with H. G. H. in bottles held at $2.00 to $2.10. 

Sassafras, true, is selling In a small way at 38c to 40c; arti- 
ficial is held at 30c to 81c. 

GUMS. 

Aloes are quiet, but prices are ruling steady, the quotations 
for Cape standing at 6c to 0%c, Curacao, 3%c to 4c, and 
Socotrine, 20c to 25c. 

Arabic, sorts, are easier under liberal stock and recent 
sales were at 8^ to 10c, as to quality and quantity. 

Asafoetida Is finding a good consuming outlet and there is 
an active Jobbing demand experienced, with the sales at 20c 
to 25c, as to quality and quantity. 

Camphor is in moderate demand only, and the sales of do- 
mestic during the interval have been at 67c to 67%c, for barrels 
and cases respectively. 

Gamboge is firmer under diminishing supplies and in a 
small way realizes 60c for pipe. 

Kino is steadily held at 40c to 46c but only Jobbing sales 
are reported. 

Mastic, Myrrh and Olibanum are held as before; Jobbing 
sales are frequent. 

Tragacanth of the various grades continues in moderate 
Jobbing demand at our quotation. 

ROOTS. 

Althea, cut, in view of the small available supply, is held 
with increased firmness, but the demand scarcely rises above 
Jobbing proportions and the price has not varied from 26c. 



124 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



CalatnuB 1b beld and eelllng In small Jobbing quantltlea at 
tbe range of 7c to tic and 28c to 30c for bleached and nn- 
bleached. reapectlvelr. 

Dandelion, German, te flnner and recent buBiness has been 
■done at 7c to 8c. 

Olnseng, Sontbers, U scarce and wanted, wltb the market 
Ann at f4.2& to C6JW. 

Golden seal la quiet, but holders evince no disposition to 
nrge sales In an open way and tbe qnotatlon remains 48c to 
-SOc. 

Ipecac, Carthagena. is not inqnlred for to any extent and 
prices are largely nominal on tbe basis of onr qnotatlon, say 
41.40 to ^L45: Rio beld and selling at $2.60 to ^60. 

Benega is beld with more flrmnese, and while there are 
fellers at S2c, B4c to BOc Is tbe general qnotatlon. 

Talerlan Is In moderate demand, Belgian bringing 6c to 
■BHc, German 16c to 16c and English 18c to 20c. 



THE KNIGHTS OF THE ROAD 



Canary Is lower. In sympathy with the foreign market, 
■Smyrna being quoted at a decline to 2%c to 3c and Sicily at 
a*: to 8^4c. 

Cardamon Is easier and recent sales of bleached and de- 
corticated have been at 6Cc to 86c and 66c to 60c, respectlTely. 

Hemp, BuBstan, baa marked a fractional advance, being 
now quoted at 2%c to 3c. 

Lobelia Is scarce and quotatlona have been advanced to 
-SSc to05c. 

Mustard, Csllfomla brown. Is dull and neglected and hold- 
-ers name 4c to 4^0 as acceptable figures, as to quantity; Barl 
%rown bas improved and now commands 6c to 5^. 

Quince, German, Is fractionally lower, current transactions 
1>elng at 86c to 38c. 

Rape has moved Into stronger position, and German and 
English are now quoted at 3^ to 3%c and 4c to 4%c, re- 
■spectlvely. 



PAINTS, OILS AND WINDOW GLASS. 

Window Glass.— l?he situation In glass Is rather unsettled. 
We hear of prices being made much betuw the market range. 
1>ut conditions attached to these prices. In the form of contract 
-offered buyers, are not to their liking. The market is Irregular, 
tint nominally It can be quoted at 90 and 12!i olf list. 

Turpentine Is rather quiet, but prices are well contained In 
■the face of advices from the South »nd coaUnued good export 
-demand; quoted 44^4 to 45 cents in barrel lots. 

Colors In Oil.— Prices are Irregular, depending on delivery 
and grades In demand. Little can be said on this at the mo- 
ment, as the position of linseed oil makes It difficult to quote 

Linseed Oil.— While this Is supposed to be a dull season of 
yesr crushers report a good trade, numerous orders and In- 
-qulrles being received during the past week. For carload lots 
-62 cents is named, wltb an advance of 1 to 2 cents for one 
and five barrel lots. The market Is very Arm at this quotation. 
On Chicago Board of ITade flax closed at $1.72 for cash and 
^1.74 for May. The foreign situation bas turned very strong. 
cable advices received to-day reporting linseed as selling at 60 
shillings a quarter, as against 61 shillings early In January. 
The trade 1q general look for a continuation of tbe high price 
■of oil, since notwithstanding tbe large crop of flax raised this 
season 4,000,000 bushels have been exported, which leaves 
amount available for crushing abont the same as last year. 
The consumption of oil Is expected to be very heavy this 
spring, and tbe amount of seed or oil that will be carried over 
to early fall on account of the late date at which crop begins 
to come In leaves but little hope of a low price on oil. 

White Lead.— The market Is quiet, hut firm at 6 cents In 
lots of 600 pounds, with ^^ cent advance named on smaller 
lots. Red lead and litharge In kegs are quoted at the same 
figure, and H cent leas In casks. Dry leads special held at 5M( 
-cents. 



A brus; Carg;o lost. 
The ateamshlp Claverdale, bound for this port from the 
Orient, was stranded on the Jersey coas» during the heavy 
ftorm last week. The cargo Included: From Hankow, 173 
cases nut oil to order, 189 cases wood oil to order. 150 bbla. nut 
■oil to order; from Kobe, 100 cases vegetHble wax to order. 340 
^ases camphor oil. Jiackenzie Bros.; from Shanghai, 317 cases 
*iut oil. 20 cases rhubarb, and 433 cases wood oil. 



TfiMe COAnUd Aittstt. 

nntlemaD to the ielt of tbe plctorB l« A^ J. Tnifotlim, ^ 
-"ul rennwntstlTe ot th« K. T. Boots Co. (Hjomei), of I™^ 
while tHe famlUar Bpirft In the rentw *L!?*T f^l^ "?^iS!i 
u leaA for New York atafe ph«Tn«clirt^ to '^'O" "•J™, 5?J°_™ 
and fSTorably known during tfio past Ave jmt; u tn» tra"lUi« rmji* 
■cntstlra of the Empire Stale DruB Co.. of Boitalo. ^« J??j!^iS<%SS 
(entleman oe the ritfbt ii B. W. De Poy. tonoerlj of '^l22«£H«r2f 
Mff. Co., of BoettestBr, and now New \ork Htati r«preTOtMlve M 
Kmne4r ft KennodT. JohnitowD N. t.. minufactuMrs of Jj™ ^•°.' 
drag Ktop, ■ new hatr tonic that li meetlDg with mnch taw- ■* 
chance meeting o( then thre* apoWlei or commmra in anop^-aute town 
a few dajB ago afforded them the opportonltj ot p*™w«tlng ttelr 
feature* "or the education of their eitetulve •^'•p"'* *" *5*S£?5 
trade, and tie picture wai aa a matter of wr^.'W'i.^ *"" *>™""* 
Dbdooist for reproduction, thii belnjc the or 
cooDtrr which oialntaina • aeparate depirtmei 
Inga of traveling lalesmen to the drag trade. 



Harry L. Lack, who has been covering the Penasylvaiila 
territory for tbe J. Bllwood Lee Company, of Conshohockeu. 
Pa haa been transferred to the New York office to look after 
the loteiesta of the same company among the drug trade ot 
Greater New York, Mr. Lack Is no stranger to some of otir 
druggists, having at one time sold Gllpin, Langdon A Co. s 
line In this territory. 

For J. M. Maris & Co., W. H. Cunningham Is now covering 
the territory In New York State formerly covered by Kpbort 
B Service Mr Cunningham Is no stranger to this territory, 
having previously represented the J. Ellwood Lee Company 
over It for a number of years. 

J F Beerbower, who represents the sundries department 
of Lehn & Fink, has Just returned from an extended stay is 
Philadelphia. He will be at headquarters for a few Oaya, post- 
ing up on new goods, after which he goes on the road again. 

A E Hendey, formerly with W. J. GUmore, now represents 
Lehn ft Fink in Ohio. Western Pennsylvania and West Vir- 
ginia succeedhig G. Ebers, who bas gone Into business for him- 
self. 

Boston —Henry Spavin, of the American Soda Fountain 
Company, has returned to the hunt for orders, and It to a pleas- 
ure to his friends to note his improved condition. 

W. R. McMillan, who travels for McKesson & Bobbins, of 
New York, was In town a few days ago. He made a success- 
ful trip. 

G. R. Dorrance came to this city recently. He was hnstling 
for his specialty, Allen's Com Plasters. 

Frank Verey has been talking the goods of the Fraser Tab- 
let Triturate Mfg. Company, of New York. He secured a big 
batch of orders. 

Gen. N. W. Day was around recently looking after the Inter- 
ests of Schleffelln & Co., of New York, He reported business 
good. 

H. W. Thomas has been busy placing goods for F. R. Ar- 
nold & Co. He me* with good success. 

W. W. Murray sold many goods on his last trip. He travels 
for the Oakley Soap Company. 

H. B. IJaams knows how to talk essential oils. He Is an 
agent for Geo. Landers & Co.. New York. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



125 



Buffalo.—A traveling man who is new to the Buffalo whole- 
sale drug trade is W. D. Shattuck, who lately presented the 
claims of Parker. Stearns & Sutton to our consideration. 

Another visitor who allows wide intervals to separate his 
visitB is Alfred Klahre, who comes in the interest of the 
Roessler & Hasslacher Chemical Company. 

Whlttemore Bros. & Co. send to this district this month 
R. W. Sarrington, an occasional and always welcome caller in 
the interest of their polishes. 

Arthur C. StalUnan, who was in Buffalo early in the month 
selling the goods of the Stallman & Fulton Company, is in this 
territory often enough to be well known and is always well 
received. 

R. E. Service, who now signs himself plain " Bob," has just 
gone the Buffalo round for the first time in his new capacity 
of salesman for Lazell, Dalley & Co. 

H. E. Smith has Just completed his occasional trip to Buf- 
falo, selling the Dr. Hand Remedies for the Smith, Kline & 
French Company, doing a good business, as usual. 

J. L. Fonda, the brush man, well known to the buyers of 
his specialties, was in the city about St Valentine's Day, look- 
ing itter the interests of the house of George R. Gibson. 

Charles Pfizer & Co., as usual, send into the Buffalo terri- 
tory their tried and trusty salesman, C. M. Badgley, who has 
lately departed with a good lot of orders in the chemical line. 

Cincinnati.— Charles Griffiths, representing Herf & Free- 
richs, of St Louis, has been visiting the wholesale and Jobbing 
trade. 

"Jake" Blitz has been booking good sized orders for the 
J. Blwood Lee Company, of Conshohocken, Pa. 

Mr. Beck, representing Dodge & Olcott, of New York, has 
Joined the Eastern colony of drug salesmen in Cincinnati. 



•« 



Dick" Johnson, who is one of the invaluable aides for 
Merck & Co., of New York, is a member of the Chicago dde- 
gatlon, whose present trip has been unusually successful. Mr. 
Johnson's headquarters is Chicago. 

C. M. Browning, of the Benton, Meyers Company, of Cleve- 
land, has found busiut^ss of healthy proportions during his 
recent trip to Cincinnati. 

F. N. Pike, representing Sharp & Dohme, of Baltimore, has 
been imparting valuable information to the local trade about 
the goods his firm are willing to supply. 

T. P. Cook, of the New York Quihine and Chemical Works, 
was well satisfied with the results of his trip, and his inter- 
view with Will Wagner, the secretary of the Stein- Vogeler 
Company. 

Piiiladelpfiia.— Fred. A. Fenno, of Wallace & Co., of New 
York, paid his first visit of the year to this city on the 20th 
and looked hale, happy and prosperous. 

A. Berret of the Malt Diastase Company, of Brooklyn, has 
been detailed to work the trade here tor the next six months, 
which certainly ought to stir up the demand for Maltzyme. 

Geo. Neidlinger, of Neidlinger Bros, of New York, paid us 
his annual visit a short time ago and took some pretty good 
orders for his specialties. 

Rudolph W^irth, whom we all know so well, gladdened the 
cockles of our hearts by a visit on the 17th, and we- in return 
contributed to his happiness by causing him to use two or 
three order books for the orders we gave him for Fougera & 
Co. 

Jas. D. Slpp, who was formerly with the Coke Dandruff 
people, but now with the Duroy & Haines Company, of San- 
dusky, has been doing some good work for his house. 

Ciiicago.— William P. Byrne has Just returned from a 
lucrative trip to Detroit for the L. A. Becker Company. Mr. 
Byrne was for 20 years with the Matthews Soda Water Com- 
pany. 

Frank L. E. Gauss, special representative for Searle & 
Hereth, is in Cleveland writing up some big orders. 

E. H. Nelson, general manager of the E. H. Nelson Com- 
pany, was at the Chicago Drug Trade Club during the week of 
February 15. 

B. Cooling has signed a contract with Armour & Co. and 
will represent them in the East hereafter. He will call on 
druggists and physicians, introducing their famous laboratory 
products. He has been in Chicago for the last week for in- 



structions under Manager Frank M. Bell. Mr. Cooling was 
for ten years with Fairchild Bros. & Foster, and for a number 
of years with John Wyeth & Bros, in the West 

Edward C. Fowell, of Schieffelin & Co., was with us for two 
weeks during the last of January and the first of February. 
Mr. Fowell travels from New York to 'Frisco for the house of 
Schieffelin, calling on the Jobbers and large proprietary houses. 

J. H. Odbert, for the last four years Chicago' manager for 
Hance Bros. & White, has resigned his position, and will en- 
gage In the drug brokerage business, with headquarters at 
Pittsburgh, Pa. Mr. Odbert leaves a host of warm friends be- 
hind, who will regret to learn that he is to leave Chicago. He 
has been an active member of the Chicago Drug Trade Bowling 
Club and the Chicago Drug Trade Club. He will be suc- 
ceed by T. A. Cobb, who has been associated with drug 
houses on Randolph street for 25 years, and who needs no in- 
troduction to the trade. 

Frank Cook, Wisconsin representative for the Western 
house of Sharp & Dohme, was in Chicago during the first 
week of February for instructions and a conference with Man- 
ager Charles E. Matthews. Mr. Cook resides in Milwaukee, 
and is the founder of the Lanikol Chemical Company. 



The advantage of an attractive store as an advertising 
medium can harly be overrated. The drug store in particular 
cannot afford to miss any feature which will please the eyes 
of customers and convince them that cleanliness and orderli- 
ness are strictly observed. A soda fountain is a standing ad- 
vertisement of your store— if the fountain is both handsome 
in appearance and sanitary in construction, a combination 
which is universally admitted to be fully realized in the 
Twentieth Century Sanitary Fountain, manufactured by the 
L. A. Becker Company, Chicago. Druggists who are strug- 
gling with the problem of a dwindling soda water trade- 
those who are anxious to build up a large, profitable soda 
water trade— should investigate the merits of the L. A. Becker 
Company's fountains. From druggists who have Installed the 
Twentieth Century Sanitary Fountain in their store there 
comes the most emphatic testimony regarding the increased 
trade and prestige secured by It. 



A New Vaccination Shield. 

The shield illustrated herewith is made of aluminum and 
is therefore very light, but at the same time strong and dura- 
ble. It is so adjusted as to insure 
perfect ventilation and still to 
afford complete protection from 
the irritating contact of clothing, 
etc. The shield may be pur- 
chased through jobbers or direct 
from the makers, the Oliver 
Shield Company, Newark, N. J., at $1 per dozen. 




HINTS TO BUYERS. 

The Abbott Alkaloldal Company, of Chicago, have a salable 
article in their Saline Laxative. Ask them for terms, referring 
to this journal. 

The Mizpah Pessary is a uterine supporter that has a large 
sale. Write to Walter F. Ware, 572 Arch street, Philadelphia, 
for descriptive circular. 

The Southern's Palm Limited represents the best efforts- 
of the Southern Ry. Nothing better can be found elsewhere 
in the world. New York offices, 271 and 1185 Broadway. 

The up-to-date soda fountain requires many articles that 
are necessary accessories. The Erie Specialty Company, of 
Erie, Pa., handle everything in this line. Communicate with 
them, mentioning this journal. 

One of the best proprietary articles, of its kind that is in- 
creasing in favor is Pepto-Mangan. It is the exclusive prop- 
erty of the M. .1. Breitenbach Company, of this city. It is a 
good article to keep a supply of. 

The Tilden Company, manufacturing pharmacists an^ 
chemists, of New Lebanon, N. T., and St Louis, Mo., will have* 
some interesting offers to announce later. Watch their ad- 
vertisement in this journal. 



136 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



•4 



A profit bringing remedy of renown '' is bow Sobering & 
Glatz, of 68 Maiden Lane, refer to Anusol SuppoBitories, for 
whicb tbey are tbe sole agents in tbe United States and Can- 
ada. Write tbem for literature. 

The Ideal Hair Bmsh is made witb an air cushion and 
with Siberian bristles. Write to Henry L. Hughes, 78 Munroe 
street, Chicago, 111., for illustrated description and quotations 
on this brush, which la a rapid seller. 

One of the claims made for the Cpke Dandruff Cure is that 
it will cure where other remedies fail— a verr good recom- 
mendation. It is well advertised and easily sold. Consult A. 
R. Bremer & Co., of Chicago, mentioning the Aiobbioan Dbuo- 



OIST. 



• Ni 



No fountain beverage ever increased in popularity so rapidly 
as Coca-Cola, according to its manufacturers, and there seems 
to be plenty of evidence to prove that fact. It appears to be 
a good trade winner. Write to the Coca-Cola Company, At- 
lanta, Ga., and find out about their attractive offer. 

No drug store can afford to be without a supply of liquorice, 
especially in winter and spring months. Young & Smylie, of 
Brooklyn, offer several liquorice preparations well-known for 
purity, flavor and general excellence. Send for their illustrated 
catalogue. 

One of the most popular of modem pharmaceuticals is Antl- 
phloglstine, the Bale of which has been phenomenaL The 
Denver Chemical Mfg. Company have an advertisement in 
this number which should interest every one who desires to 
keep in touch with modem progress. 

Druggists who use a methylated spirit are Invited to read 
the advertisement of the Manhattan Spirit Company, of 
Buffalo, which apears in this number. This is an excellent 
spirit for tinctures used externally, and for the preparation of 
most toilet articles. 

Ground oxide of zinc, offered by Robt Shoemaker & Co., of 
Phlla4elphia, has come to be the standard. It is ground in 
French oil of sesame, benzoinated. It is packed in pound Jars 
and sold to the trade at 50 cents. The U. S. P. formula is 
printed on the labeL 

Druggists who carry photographic supplies, or who con- 
template putting such a line in, will be Interested in the new 
advertisement of C. B. Goerz Optical Works, of 52 Union 
Square, New York. This camera embraces every advantage 
and is an article which can readily be sold by droggists. 

McAvoy's Malt Marrow nets a large profit to druggists, 
gives satisfaction to the physician and strength to the patient. 
Write to the McAvoy Extract Department, Chicago,. Ill, for 
particulars as to their introductory offer, mentioning the 

AHSBIGAN DBUOGIST. 

The Chocolate Cooler Company, Grand Rapids, Mich., are 
exclusive manufacturers of all kinds of ice cream cabinets 
for use at soda fountains. They carry twenty different sizes 
and styles in stock. Write them for catalogues and prices, 
mentioning the amebigan dbugoist. 

Metal furniture is becoming more and more of a fad. It 
commends itself both to the public and to the proprietor. It 
is neat, attractive and durable. The Yesbera Mfg. Company, 
of Toledo, Ohio, offer a wide variety of designs to select from. 
The metal parts are beautifully oxidized and the seats are of 
quartered oak or mahogany finish. Write to them. 

G. W. Meredith & Co., of East Liverpool, O., declare that 
their "Old Abe" and "Diamond Club Pure Rye Whiskey" 
are more than 10 years old. They claim to be the largest 
whiskey bottlers in America. Their goods are put up in most 
attractive packages, and their prices are certainly worth con> 
sidering. 

Every pharmacist can use pr^ared chalk, and the line used 
by the Thomas Mfg. Company, of Baltimore, has many ad- 
vantages. The company also sell whiting, and their whole 
line is carried by most of the jobbing houses in the Unite<l 
States. The advertisement of the company will be found on 
the front cover of this issue. 

Evans & Sons, Ltd., of London and New York, have found 
it necessary to quote the price of their British Lanolin to the 
retail drug trade. They invite dragists to write to them for 
quotations. They have established their rights to the use of 
the name " Lanolin " by court decree, and there can be no ques- 
tion as to the right of any pharmacist to use the article. 

Druggists all know, even if the public does not, that when 
a man asks for Castoria he wants the original Fletcher's, but 



if any druggist thinks that he can fool the public long by glT- 
ing tliem something else he will find out that he is much mis- 
taken and win lose more In the end than he can possibly gain 
by the substitution. 

A package dainty enough to harmonize with the f umlshlngi 
of any lady's boudoir and containing a preparation of sucb 
excellent quality for the face and hands as to delight the most 
fastidious is Suprema Cream, the new skin food. It is an 
article of real merit retailing at 60 cents, and as It pays the 
dealer the handsome profit of 100 per cent on the Investment, 
it should become very popular. Steams, of Detroit, makes It 

A mill capable of grinding almost any substance is offered 
to the trade by A. W. Straub A Co., 3737 FUbert street, Phila- 
delphia. By referring to our advertising pages our readers 
wil find the announcement of the company. The mill is not 
only thoroughly effective, but Is so cheap aa to be within the 
reach of all. It will be sent on trial, so that the druggist will 
Imow Just what he Is buying. 

An interesting announcement is made by Seger & Gross, of 
42 West Sixty-seventh street. New York. The experience of 
successful pharmacists has shown that a well fitted store is 
half the battle. Seger & Gross have Installed some of the most 
beautiful and convenient interiors In the metropolis and else- 
where. As will be seen by the advertisement, they also make 
a line of very inexpensive and at the same time artistic in- 
teriors. They can be depended upon for thoroughly substantial 
work at the right price. 

The Paris Medldne Company invite the attentl(m of our 
readers to some figures. Their Laxative Bromo-Qulnlne tab- 
lets are in the first place the original and the best In the 
second place they are more profitable than the ImltatlonB. 
Why then should any druggist waste time on imitations when 
the original is more profitable to sell? Write to the Paris 
Medicine Company, St Louis, Mo., for free advertlaing mat- 
ter, of which they will furnish an ample supply. 

Any druggist who contemplates fitting out a new store or 
refitting an old one with fixtures would do well to OHiBult tbe 
M. Winter Lumber Company, of Sheboygan, Wis. This firm 
have made a specialty of the fixture business so long that it 
has become a science with them. They take particular pride 
in their fixtures because of their practical and modem arrange- 
ments, correct designs, selected material and high grade fin- 
ish. Twenty-five cents in stamps will be well invested In one 
of their 20th century catalogues. It may contain Just what 
you want Mention the Amebican Dbuogut. 

One of the most attractive of the advertisements appearing 
in our issue of Febraary 10 was the two-page insert of the 
Duroy & Haines Company, of Sandusky, Ohio. The long ex- 
perience of this company In the manufacture of grape prod- 
ucts has been turned to account by the manuf actiurers of soda 
fountain supplies, which are offered to the retail drug trade 
at a very close margin indeed. Druggists who have not 
handled the Duroy & Haines soda fountain supplies should 
write them at Sandusky, asking for descriptive matter and 
prices. 

White Rabbit Egg Dye is one of the most attractively put 
up of the Easter dyes, and druggists who carry it in stock 
are loud in its praises. It offers eight colors for five cents, 
and the manufacturers furnish with each box a number of 
handsome colored lithograph pictures for free distribution. 
This year the same makers furnish a White Rabbit Paper Dye 
which enables one to sell sixteen different color designs for 
five cents. Forty five-cent packages, which cost the dealer 
$1.00, bring him in $2.00. Order both the paper dyes in de- 
signs and the egg dyes in color from your Jobber. Some idea 
of the designs may be obtained by reference to the colored 
insert In this number. 

Printers' Ink describes a unique time Sf^vlng device in use 
In the office of one of New York's large drug companies. Over 
the desks of each member of the firm and each manager of a 
department are four incandescent lights of different colors. 
When the individual is at his desk and at liberty to consider 
questions from others in the office, his white light ia lit When 
he is in the building and must be hunted up he leaves his green 
light burning. When he is engaged and not to be disturbed 
except for vitally important matters, his blue light is in evi- 
dence, while the display of his red light means, practically> 
** Danger! Will not brook intermption upon any considera- 
tion." The merit of the simple device is that it saves needless 
steps about a somewhat large office, the lights being hung near 
the ceiling and visible from any point in the room. 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST 

and PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD 



NEW YORK AND CHICAGO. MARCH lo. 1902. 



I8SUBD SBMI-MOIITBLT BT 

AMERICAN DRUGGIST PUBLISHING CO^ 

ONK WasT Bboadwat, Nkw Tojbk. 
T9i€pkm€, 4470 Cortland. Cabh a^^r—M: " Am^ruggtgt, Mtm York," ABO tudi: 

A. R. RLXJOTT, Presldeiit. 
CASWELL A. MAYO, Ph.Q Editor. 

THOliAB J. KEENAN, Lie. Pnar Associate Editor. 

Chicago Office, 221 fiandolph Street. 
ROMAINE PIERSON Manager. 

SuBSCRiPnoN Fbios: 

Paid in adyanoe direct to this office $1.60 

Foreign Countries 8.60 

Subscriptions may begin at any time. 



THE ENCAPSULATING OF VOLATILE OILS. 



AnvjBKTlSINO &ATI8 qUOTSD OH APPUCATION. 



TbX AjOERICAH DbUGOIST AMD PHABMACinTXCAL RECORD Is ISSUOd QD the 

second and fourth Mondays of each month. Changes of advertisements 
should be received ten days in advance of the date of publication. 

Remittances should be made by New Yorjs exchange, post office or express 
money order or registered mall. If checks on local banks aie used 10 cents 
should be added to cover cost of collection. The publishers are not respon- 
sible for money sent by unregistered mall, nor for any money paid except to 
duly authorized agents. All conmiunlcatlons should be addressed and all 
remittances made payable to American Druggist Pubhshlng Co., (Hi 66 West 
Broadway, New York, ' 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

E0ZTOBIAL8 127 128 

OUB SUBSCBIBBRS' DISCUSSIONS : 

The Best Method of Encapsulating Liquid Drugs, by Louis 

Emanuel 129 

An Ingenious Mold Device, by Richard Staebler 130 

The Use of Soft Capsules, by Louis Buck 131 

The Use of Dropper and Wire, by Isaac M. Wells 131 

An Extemporaneous Method, by J. T. Johnson 132 

Dbpabtmbnt of Stobb Managbmbnt : 

The Show Window 133 

Dbuggists' Coubsb in Optics : 

Tlie Field of Vision 134 

Obioinal Abticlbs: 

My Thesis, by Medora A. Gorman 132 

The Cut Price Evil In the Drug Trade, by Thomas V. Wooten. 

135, 136 

Cbbam ov Cubbbnt Litbbatubb : 

On the Composition of Biliary Calculi, Bromal Alcohols, 
Kordofan Gum, Bee-Keeplng, An Oral Examination In 
" Practical Pharmacy " 137 

Young Men and New Drug Stores. How to Read Drug Jour- 
nals Most Profitably, Novel Display Advertising, Obesity 
Pills 138 

QuniBS AND Answbbs : 

Development of Mold in a Solution, Emulsions of Chloroform, 
Olive Oil and Alcohol, Ehrllch's Reaction, Ehrllch's Bile 

Reaction, Coloring Incandescent Globes, Nail Powder 339 

To Make Domestic Tobacco Resemble the Havana Leaf 140 

Books amd Paicphlbts Rbcbitbd 140 

BasiRBBS Building : 

Follow Good Models, Criticism and Comment 141, 142 

Nbws of thb Dbug World 143-158 



WE publish in this issue a selection from the papers 
sent in answer to the second question in our series 
of Subscribers' Discussions. The value of these Dis- 
cussions to druggists in business grows as the series 
lengthens. The paper by Louis Emanuel, of Pittsburg, 
which carries off the prize, contains many useful sug- 
gestions as to the dispensing of volatile liquids in capsule 
form and constitutes a valuable contribution to the study 
of modern pharmaceutical methods. A somewhat in- 
genious method of making a receptacle for the empty 
capsules while they are being filled is described by to- 
other contributor, Richard Staebler, of. Newark, N. J. 
The plaster of Paris mold which Mr. Staebler uses has 
several advantages over the perforated stick or card- 
board device, and suggests a number of useful applica- 
tions besides the special purpose for which it is recom- 
mended here. It can readily be seen how by this method 
a number of molds of varying size and capacity can be 
made without much trouble and kept on hand for use 
as wanted at the dispensing counter. 

The ne:ft question in the series, — What is the Best 
Routine Method of Making Suppositories? — relates to 
the pharmacy of suppositories and calls for an essay de- 
scriptive of the merits of the different suppository bases, 
the use of molds and the relative advantages of rolled, 
molded and compressed suppositories, etc. The last date 
on which manuscripts can be received in competition for 
the prize of $10.00 offered in this Discussion is March 
25, 1902. They should be addressed to The Editor, the 
American Druggist, 62-68 West Broadway, New York. 

THE EXCHANGE OF UCENSES* 



THE members of a local association in Manhattan 
were advised at a meeting last month to lose no 
time about exchanging the licenses issued to them by 
the old New York Citv Board of Pharmacv for a new 
All- State license, for the reason that a law might be 
passed at any time withdrawing the right now given 
of exchanging such licenses. The information that the 
privilege of exchange applies only to pharmacists who 
are licensed by examination by one of the local boards 
was not given, however, and we have been asked to make 
it clear that licenses granted on college diplomas, or by 
exchange of certificates with other boards are not ex- 
changeable for a New York All-State license. While 
the holders of licenses issued on diploma and otherwise 
by the old local boards of pharmacy (New York and 
Kings County) are entitled to practice pharmacy in the 
counties contained in the Eastern Section, they are re- 
quired to pass the regular examination and must be 



128 



AMERICAN DRUGGIST AND PHARMACEUTICAL RECORD. 



registered by the State Board of Pharmacy before- they